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Xp Tricks ll some call it Hack

*****Watch The Left Navigation Tab For All the Articles******** This is the first Thread Visit all of them on the Left Navigation Tab Well some of dese tricks are quite common now but still i would like to go ahead keeping in mind d NOVICE users PLEASE DROP IN YOUR COMMENTS AT THE END OF THE PAGE New tricks UPDATED. 20/jan/07 Scroll to the bottom

Related Article All keyboard Shortcuts Change Start logo in Xp Dos Tricks and Shortcuts All Dos Commands Clear CMOS all Tricks solitare and games cheats Speed up Booting Xp by 61 Times Speed Up Internet Explorer (IE) Hack Xp problems and their solutions

Xp Tricks Contd.. More of Dem XPHacking With Windows XP shtcut to restarting xp.. You can restart a Windows XP Pro and Home machine easily by creating a shortcut with following path. (Assume you installed Windows XP on your C: Partition) "c:\windows\system32\shutdown.exe -r -f -t 00" -r is for restarting the computer. -f is to force close all programs without saving. -t 00 is used to restart in zero seconds. i.e. as soon as you D.Click on the shortcut. You can log off from a Windows XP Professional or Home edition by running "C:\windows\system32\shutdown.exe -l -f -t 00". Also you can shutdown a Windows XP Home or Professional edition by running "c:\windows\system32\shutdown.exe -s -f -t 00". You always have to turn from the CPU after running this command. (Same with AT and ATX powered machines.) If you want to turn down power of ATX machine automatically, run "c:\windows\system32\tsshutdn.exe 00 /POWERDOWN /DELAY:00" This is used to turn off a server. Even though your computer will be shutdown completely, this whole operation will take 30 seconds to finish. Even though you don't have networked computers attached to your computer, this works. 1) Disabling Display of Drives in My Computer : This is yet another trick you can play on your geek friend. To disable the display of local or networked drives when you click My Computer go to : HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersi on\Policies\Explorer Now in the right pane create a new DWORD item and name it NoDrives. Now modify it's value and set it to 3FFFFFF (Hexadecimal) Now press F5 to refresh. When you click on My Computer, no drives will be shown. To enable display of drives in My Computer, simply delete this DWORD item. It's .reg file is as follows: REGEDIT4 [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersi on\Policies\Explore r] "NoDrives"=dword:03ffffff

2) Pop a banner each time Windows Boots : To pop a banner which can contain any message you want to display just before a user is going to log on, go to the key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Curr entVersion\WinLogon Now create a new string Value in the right pane named LegalNoticeCaption and enter the value that you want to see in the Menu Bar. Now create yet another new string value and name it: LegalNoticeText. Modify it and insert the message you want to display each time Windows boots. This can be effectively used to display the company's private policy each time the user logs on to his NT box. It's .reg file would be: REGEDIT4 [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Curr entVersion\Winlogon] "LegalNoticeCaption"="Caption here." 3) Great trick Lock ur PC yourself lock ur pc.. open notepad copy and paste the script below and save it .VBS extention This wil create a shortcut.. run(click) it set WshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell") set oShellLink = WshShell.CreateShortcut(wshShell.SpecialFolders("Desktop") & "\LockWorkstation.lnk") oShellLink.TargetPath = "%windir%\system32\rundll32.exe" oShellLink.Arguments = "user32.dll,LockWorkStation" oShellLink.Save first select a folder for example i'll use a folder name movies in D drive D:\movies\ in the same drive u create a text file and type ren movies movies.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D} and save it as loc.bat again u type in a notepad as ren movies.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D} movies

and save it as key.bat now in D drive u can see two batch files loc and key.. when u double click loc the movie folder will change to control panel and whn u double click key the control panel will change to normal folder.. there are two more different tricks in dis site to lock ur pc down in a unique ways.. donno where i have typed it.. !!! 4) Deleting System Options from the Start menu : You can actually remove the Find and Run options from the start menu by performing a simple registry hack. Again like always Launch the registry editor and scroll down to the below key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVer sion\Policies\Explorer Right-click on the right pane and select New, DWORD Value. Name it NoFind.(To remove the RUN option name it NoRun). Double-click the newly create DWORD to edit it's value and enter 1 as its value. This will disable the FIND option of the Start Menu and will also disable the default Shortcut key(F3 for Find.) To restore the Run or find command modify the value of the DWORD to 0 or simply Delete the DWORD value. 5) Cleaning Recent Docs Menu and the RUN MRU : The Recent Docs menu can be easily disabled by editing the Registry. To do this go to the following Key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVer sion\Policies\Explorer Now in the right pane, create a new DWORD value by the name: NoRecentDocsMenu and set it's value to 1. Restart Explorer to save the changes. You can also clear the RUN MRU history. All the listings are stored in the key: HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersio n\Explorer\RunMR U You can delete individual listings or the entire listing. To delete History of Find listings go to: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVer sion\Explorer\Doc Find Spec MRU and delete 6) Can u Delete Recycle Bin? 1 thing is 4 sure, delete option can be added 2 recycle bin... the old registry thing will work out.....

* launch d registry... * open HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B9F08-00AA002F954E}\ShellFolder * to add a rename and delete option, change the Dword attribute to 70 01 00 20 * refresh and reboot the system..... u r done. PS: always backup ur data as well as registry b4 attempting 2 work on it if u r a newbie.... 7) To change the icons used for specific drives in explorer Open regedit by typing regedit into start->run then navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/Windows/Curr entVersion/Explorer now create a key(KEY not VALUE!!) called DriveIcons under Explorer... now within DriveIcons, create another key with the drive letter you want to change (e.g.,HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Explorer\DriveIcons\K)... create another key within the drive letter key called DefaultIcon... now set the default String value equal to the icon you want to use. if you have a file that has more than one icon in it, such as a DLL file, use the standard C:\full_path\icon_file.dll,n <file:///C:/full_path/icon_file.dll,n>) where n is the number of the icon within the file icon_file.dll... ~ c h e e r s! ~ More

change drive icons.....

first of all copy a icon file to the root of the drive. example: c:\icon.ico then create a file called: autorun.inf in c:\autorun.inf then open that file and type the following: [autorun] icon=icon.ico save and close the file. now open my computer and resfresh.. and woh! icon changed.... you can apply to other drives too. be carefull: "autorun.inf" and "ico.ico" must be in the root of the drive. example: c:\autorun.inf and c:\icon.ico. same on the root. ENJOY, this works on 98 too!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 8) Hacking windows SEND TO MENU I know this is a very simple thing but the problem, as like many other issues, is the ignorance about it. How often do you copy songs from a CD? Or some photos from a CD? What do you do? You select the required files and do a CTRL C. Open the destination folder and do a CTRL-V. Here is something you can benefit time from. Customize your SEND TO MENU. This sounds simple and you can do it in less than sixty seconds. You can create your own BASKET. First youll need access to hidden files. So change your view settings to make all hidden files visible.

Tools -> folder options -> view (tab) and select the show hidden files and folders. go to parent drive:/documents and settings/(user name)/send to Open up my computer and locate your most used folders. Create a shortcut of the most used folders in SEND TO FOLDER.You can do this in a number of ways. Right click -> send to desktop(create shortcut) and move the shortcut from the desktop to the SEND TO FOLDER Copy the most used folder and go to SEND TO FOLDER and right click -> paste shortcut. Also remember to rename the shortcuts to send to videos or send to potos. We dont need confusion when we use the same later. 5. DONE ~ c h e e r s! ~ 9) How to remove the shortcut arrow from the desktop ? Open Regedit and navigate to the following key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ Explorer \ Shell Icons Backup the key. More information. In the right-pane, create a new String value named "29" Double-click 29 and set its data to: C:\Windows\System32\shell32.dll,50 (an empty icon) Close Registry Editor. Now, Right-click Desktop, choose Properties Click the Appearance Tab.

Click Advanced button. Choose Icon from the drop-down list Set it's size to 31 and press OK, OK. The changes will be applied now. Repeat the above steps and then set the Icon size back to 32 (defaults). The above steps are required to force Windows to redraw the icons 10) The Complete list ! Can u Do it! Try to create a folder in Windows with either of these names-"con" or "nul" or "Aux" or "Lpt1". Windows will not let u create .... This s coz these refer 2 some well known ports.... -con corresponds to the console -Lpt1 corresponds to printer and so on.... well dat was common but hw bt this ? Try these more CON, PRN, AUX, CLOCK$, NUL, COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4, COM5, COM6, COM7, COM8, COM9, LPT1, LPT2, LPT3, LPT4, LPT5, LPT6, LPT7, LPT8, and LPT9. TURN NUMLOCK ON AT LOGON.!! NumLock does not toggle on by default (system-wide), even if you have it set in your PC's BIOS, because of XP's multi-user functionality. Guess Microsoft doesn't know everyone actually turns it on, which should be reason enough for what acts as "default"... Anyway, you can hack the Windows Registry to change this behavior, or run a script at logon to turn NumLock on. 1. To enable NumLock through the Registry: * Open Windows' Registry Editor (START > RUN, type "REGEDIT"). *. Navigate to HKEY_USERS\.Default\Control Panel\Keyboard. *. Change the value for InitialKeyboardIndicators from 0 to 2. 2. To enable NumLock using a script, see this MS Knowledgebase

article for complete instructions: CODE;ENUS;Q262625 Option 1 is the quicker method, but if you have more than one user on your system and one or more don't want NumLock on (stranger things have been known of), then option 2 is the way to go since it allows you to only attach the script to specific users. REMOVING SERVICES DEPENDENCIES.!! This will allow you to disable a service or uninstall it from your system without effecting another service that depends on it. Here's how you do it 1. After you have set your services the way you want them and you have disabled/uninstalled something that another services depends on, run "regedit" 2. Under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\find the service that will not function, do to another service being disabled/uninstall (found in ControlSet001\Services, ControlSet002\Services, and CurrentControlSet\Services) 3. Once you have found the service right-click on the string value, "DependOnService,"and modify 4. You should now see a list of services that it is dependent on. Simply delete the service that you have disabled/uninstalled 5. Restart your computer and your ready to go Disclaimer REMEMBER TO BACKUP YOU REGISTRY FIRST I'm not totaly sure if this will have any negative effects on your system. I used this method after uninstalling "Netbios over Tcpip" from my system completely, so that my Dhcp service would function and I have had NO negative effects on my system.

TURN ON UR PC IN JUST 10 SECONDS Aight so u wanna know how to turn the pc on in 10 seconds (may vary)Aight heres what u have to do to turn ur pc on in 10 seconds Aite Click on the start button then press R it will take u to Run well go to run n type Regedit

press enter this will open Registery Editor now look for the key HKEY_LOACAL_MECHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ ContentIndex now there find the Key Called "Startup Delay" Double Click On It Now where its Base Click Decimal Now its Default Value Is 4800000 (75300:hexadecimal) Change The Value To 40000 here u go u have done it now close the Registery Editor and Restart Your Computer

All keyboard Shortcuts

1.) Windows Hotkeys Shift + F10: right-clicks. Win + L (XP Only): Locks keyboard. Similar to Lock Workstation. Win + F or F3: Open Find dialog. (All Files) F3 may not work in some applications which use F3 for their own find dialogs. Win + Control + F: Open Find dialog. (Computers) Win + U: Open Utility Manager. Win + F1: Open Windows help. Win + Pause: Open System Properties dialog. Win + Tab: Cycle through taskbar buttons. Enter clicks, AppsKey or Shift + F10 right-clicks. Win + Shift + Tab: Cycle through taskbar buttons in reverse. Alt + Tab: Display CoolSwitch. More commonly known as the AltTab dialog. Alt + Shift + Tab: Display CoolSwitch; go in reverse. Alt + Escape: Send active window to the bottom of the z-order. Alt + Shift + Escape: Activate the window at the bottom of the zorder. Alt + F4: Close active window; or, if all windows are closed, open shutdown dialog. Shift while a CD is loading: Bypass AutoPlay.

Shift while login: Bypass startup folder. Only those applications will be ignored which are in the startup folder, not those started from the registry (Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\) Ctrl + Alt + Delete or Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDel (Both NumLock states): Invoke the Task Manager or NT Security dialog. Ctrl + Shift + Escape (2000/XP ) or (Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDot) : Invoke the task manager. On earlier OSes, acts like Ctrl + Escape. Printscreen: Copy screenshot of current screen to clipboard. Alt + Printscreen: Copy screenshot of current active window to clipboard. Ctrl + Alt + Down Arrow: Invert screen. Untested on OSes other than XP. Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow: Undo inversion. Win + B : Move focus to systray icons.

2.) Generic

Ctrl + C or Ctrl + Insert: Copy. Ctrl + X or Shift + Delete: Cut. Ctrl + V or Shift + Insert: Paste/Move. Ctrl + N: New... File, Tab, Entry, etc. Ctrl + S: Save. Ctrl + O: Open... Ctrl + P: Print. Ctrl + Z: Undo. Ctrl + A: Select all. Ctrl + F: Find... Ctrl+W : to close the current window Ctrl + F4: Close tab or child window. F1: Open help. F11: Toggle full screen mode. Alt or F10: Activate menu bar. Alt + Space: Display system menu. Same as clicking the icon on the titlebar. Escape: Remove focus from current control/menu, or close dialog box.

3.) Generic Navigation

Tab: Forward one item. Shift + Tab: Backward one item. Ctrl + Tab: Cycle through tabs/child windows. Ctrl + Shift + Tab: Cycle backwards through tabs/child windows. Enter: If a button's selected, click it, otherwise, click default button. Space: Toggle items such as radio buttons or checkboxes. Alt + (Letter): Activate item corresponding to (Letter). (Letter) is the underlined letter on the item's name. Ctrl + Left: Move cursor to the beginning of previous word. Ctrl + Right: Move cursor to the beginning of next word. Ctrl + Up: Move cursor to beginning of previous paragraph. This and all subsequent Up/Down hotkeys in this section have only been known to work in RichEdit controls. Ctrl + Down: Move cursor to beginning of next paragraph. Shift + Left: Highlight one character to the left. Shift + Right: Highlight one character to the right. Shift + Up: Highlight from current cursor position, to one line up. Shift + Down: Highlight from current cursor position, to one line down. Ctrl + Shift + Left: Highlight to beginning of previous word. Ctrl + Shift + Right: Highlight to beginning of next word. Ctrl + Shift + Up: Highlight to beginning of previous paragraph. Ctrl + Shift + Down: Highlight to beginning of next paragraph. Home: Move cursor to top of a scrollable control. End: Move cursor to bottom of a scrollable control. 4.) Generic File Browser

Arrow Keys: Navigate. Shift + Arrow Keys: Select multiple items. Ctrl + Arrow Keys: Change focus without changing selection. "Focus" is the object that will run on Enter. Space toggles selection of the focused item. (Letter): Select first found item that begins with (Letter). BackSpace: Go up one level to the parent directory. Alt + Left: Go back one folder. Alt + Right: Go forward one folder. Enter: Activate (Double-click) selected item(s). Alt + Enter: View properties for selected item.

F2: Rename selected item(s). Ctrl + NumpadPlus: In a Details view, resizes all columns to fit the longest item in each one. Delete: Delete selected item(s). Shift + Delete: Delete selected item(s); bypass Recycle Bin. Ctrl while dragging item(s): Copy. Ctrl + Shift while dragging item(s): Create shortcut(s). In tree pane, if any: Left: Collapse the current selection if expanded, or select the parent folder. Right: Expand the current selection if collapsed, or select the first subfolder. NumpadAsterisk: Expand currently selected directory and all subdirectories. No undo. NumpadPlus: Expand currently selected directory. NumpadMinus: Collapse currently selected directory. 5.) Accessibility

Right Shift for eight seconds: Toggle FilterKeys on and off. FilterKeys must be enabled. Left Alt + Left Shift + PrintScreen: Toggle High Contrast on and off. High Contrast must be enabled. Left Alt + Left Shift + NumLock: Toggle MouseKeys on and off. MouseKeys must be enabled. NumLock for five seconds: Toggle ToggleKeys on and off. ToggleKeys must be enabled. Shift five times: Toggle StickyKeys on and off. StickyKeys must be enabled. 6.) Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType Software Installed

Win + L: Log off Windows. Win + P: Open Print Manager. Win + C: Open control panel. Win + V: Open clipboard. Win + K: Open keyboard properties. Win + I: Open mouse properties. Win + A: Open Accessibility properties. Win + Space: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys.

Win + S: Toggle CapsLock on and off. 7.) Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

Ctrl + Alt + End: Open the NT Security dialog. Alt + PageUp: Switch between programs. Alt + PageDown: Switch between programs in reverse. Alt + Insert: Cycle through the programs in most recently used order. Alt + Home: Display start menu. Ctrl + Alt + Break: Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen. Alt + Delete: Display the Windows menu. Ctrl + Alt + NumpadMinus: Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing Alt + PrintScreen on a local computer. Ctrl + Alt + NumpadPlus: Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PrintScreen on a local computer. 8.) Mozilla Firefox Shortcuts

Ctrl + Tab or Ctrl + PageDown: Cycle through tabs. Ctrl + Shift + Tab or Ctrl + PageUp: Cycle through tabs in reverse. Ctrl + (1-9): Switch to tab corresponding to number. Ctrl + N: New window. Ctrl + T: New tab. Ctrl + L or Alt + D or F6: Switch focus to location bar. Ctrl + Enter: Open location in new tab. Shift + Enter: Open location in new window. Ctrl + K or Ctrl + E: Switch focus to search bar. Ctrl + O: Open a local file. Ctrl + W: Close tab, or window if there's only one tab open. Ctrl + Shift + W: Close window. Ctrl + S: Save page as a local file. Ctrl + P: Print page. Ctrl + F or F3: Open find toolbar. Ctrl + G or F3: Find next... Ctrl + Shift + G or Shift + F3: Find previous...

Ctrl + B or Ctrl + I: Open Bookmarks sidebar. Ctrl + H: Open History sidebar. Escape: Stop loading page. Ctrl + R or F5: Reload current page. Ctrl + Shift + R or Ctrl + F5: Reload current page; bypass cache. Ctrl + U: View page source. Ctrl + D: Bookmark current page. Ctrl + NumpadPlus or Ctrl + Equals (+/=): Increase text size. Ctrl + NumpadMinus or Ctrl + Minus: Decrease text size. Ctrl + Numpad0 or Ctrl + 0: Set text size to default. Alt + Left or Backspace: Back. Alt + Right or Shift + Backspace: Forward. Alt + Home: Open home page. Ctrl + M: Open new message in integrated mail client. Ctrl + J: Open Downloads dialog. F6: Switch to next frame. You must have selected something on the page already, e.g. by use of Tab. Shift + F6: Switch to previous frame. Apostrophe ('): Find link as you type. Slash (/): Find text as you type. 9.) GMail

Note: Must have "keyboard shortcuts" on in settings. C: Compose new message. Shift + C: Open new window to compose new message. Slash (/): Switch focus to search box. K: Switch focus to the next most recent email. Enter or "O" opens focused email. J: Switch focus to the next oldest email. N: Switch focus to the next message in the "conversation." Enter or "O" expands/collapses messages. P: Switch focus to the previous message. U: Takes you back to the inbox and checks for new mail. Y: Various actions depending on current view: Has no effect in "Sent" and "All Mail" views. Inbox: Archive email or message. Starred: Unstar email or message. Spam: Unmark as spam and move back to "Inbox."

Trash: Move back to "Inbox." Any label: Remove the label. X: "Check" an email. Various actions can be performed against all checked emails. S: "Star" an email. Identical to the more familiar term, "flagging." R: Reply to the email. A: Reply to all recipients of the email. F: Forward an email. Shift + R: Reply to the email in a new window. Shift + A: Reply to all recipients of the email in a new window. Shift + F: Forward an email in a new window. Shift + 1 (!): Mark an email as spam and remove it from the inbox. G then I: Switch to "Inbox" view. G then S: Switch to "Starred" view. G then A: Switch to "All Mail" view. G then C: Switch to "Contacts" view. G then S: Switch to "Drafts" view. 10.) List of F1-F9 Key Commands for the Command Prompt

F1 / right arrow: Repeats the letters of the last command line, one by one. F2: Displays a dialog asking user to "enter the char to copy up to" of the last command line F3: Repeats the last command line F4: Displays a dialog asking user to "enter the char to delete up to" of the last command line F5: Goes back one command line F6: Enters the traditional CTRL+Z (^z) F7: Displays a menu with the command line history F8: Cycles back through previous command lines (beginning with most recent) F9: Displays a dialog asking user to enter a command number, where 0 is for first command line entered. Alt+Enter: toggle fullScreen mode. up/down: scroll thru/repeat previous entries Esc: delete line Note: The buffer allows a maximum of 50 command lines. After this number is reached, the first line will be replaced in sequence.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.




8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.


Help Rename an item Open files Close window or quit program Activate the menu bar in a program open start menu, use the arrow keys to select an item, or TAB to select the taskbar Return to previous program, or hold down the ALT key while repeatedly pressing tab to cycle through open programs delete items permanently without sending to recycle bin Highlight all the items in window Copy Cut Paste Undo

14. FOR INTERNET EXPLORER AND NETSCAPE 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.



Jumps to the beginning of the page Jumps to the end of the END page Stops the current page ESC from loading F11 Toggles full screen view ALT+ LEFT Goes back to the ARROW previous page ALT+ RIGHT Goes forward to the ARROW next page Goes to your Home ALT+ Home page Opens a new browser CTRL+ N window Closes the active CTRL+ W window CTRL+ O Opens the address book Reloads the current CTRL+ R page Opens the Organized CTRL+ B Favorites or Bookmarks windows Add the current page to CTRL+ D your Favorites or Bookmarks CTRL+ H Opens the history folder Finds text on the CTRL+ F current page Home

CONTROL OVER A TO Z One of the keys whose importance may have gone unnoticed by most of us is the Control key (Ctrl). The Control key in

combination with the 26 alphabet keys can make a lot of our work easier than we think. The following pair of keys can come in handy when we want tasks faster than while using the mouse. Operations that can be performed on the text selected:30. CTRL+ A 31. CTRL+ B 32. CTRL+ C 33. CTRL+ E 34. CTRL+ I 35. CTRL+ J 36. CTRL+ L 37. CTRL+ M 38. 39. 40. 41. These keys combos can be used to do other operations:42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50 CTRL+ Q CTRL+ R CTRL+ T CTRL+ U

Select all Bold Copy Justify center Italics Justify full Justify Left Indent Remove paragraph Formatting Justify right Margin release Underline


51. CTRL+ Y 52. CTRL+ Z Besides the alphabet keys, a combination

Opens Font Dialog Box Find Go to page, section, line, heading etc Find and replace Insert Hyperlink Open a new document Open an existing document Save Close an existing document Redo Undo

of other keys also helps:53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. CTRL+ LEFT Jumps one word left ARROW CTRL+ RIGHT Jumps one word right ARROW CTRL+ DOWN Jumps one para down ARROW CTRL+ UP Jumps one para up ARROW CTRL+ Delete one word left BACKSPACE CTRL+ Delete one word right DELETE CTRL+ PAGE To the beginning of the UP previous page CTRL+ PAGE to the beginning of the DOWN next page CTRL+ P Print Dialog box

Change Start logo in Xp Ive read a number of articles on the internet about changing the text on the Start button in XP. On more than one occasion Ive seen references to a five (5) letter limitation when the button is renamed. I always wondered if this was true or just an assumption someone made because the default start just happened to fit the button size. So, I decided to run a test and see if there really was a five character limit. First of all just u need to do is download Resource hacker. Resource HackerTM is a freeware utility to view, modify, rename, add, delete and extract resources in 32bit Windows executables and resource files (*.res). It incorporates an internal resource script compiler and decompiler and works on Win95, Win98, WinME, WinNT, Win2000 and WinXP operating systems.

ll its just 541Kb in the size.. click here to go to the download Page Download Resource Hacker First Step The first step is to make a backup copy of the file explorer.exe located at C:\Windows\explorer. Place it in a folder somewhere on your hard drive where it will be safe. Start Resource Hacker and open explorer.exe located at C:\Windows\explorer.exe The category we are going to be using is String Table In Resource Hacker. Expand it by clicking the plus sign then navigate down to and expand string 37 followed by highlighting 1033. If you are using the Classic Layout rather than the XP Layout, use number 38. The right hand pane will display the stringtable as shown in Fig. 02. Were going to modify item 578, currently showing the word start just as it displays on the current Start button. There is no magic here. Just double click on the word start so that its highlighted, making sure the quotation marks are not part of the highlight. They need to remain in place, surrounding the new text that youll type. Go ahead and type your new entry Second Step Modify the Registry Now that the modified explorer.exe has been created its necessary to modify the registry so the file will be recognized when the user logs on to the system. If you dont know how to access the registry Im not sure this article is for you, but just in case its a temporary memory lapse, go to Start (soon to be something else) Run and type regedit in the Open: field. Navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\ Microsoft\ Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\ Winlogon the right pane (Fig. 05), double click the Shell entry to open the Edit String dialog box as shown in Fig. 06. In Value data: line, enter the name that was used to save the modified explorer.exe file. Click OK.

Close Registry Editor and either log off the system and log back in, or reboot the entire system if thats your preference. If all went as planned you should see your new Start button with the revised text. u can ofcource change the text of other Baloon Items , My Computer Name, Favourites and so on many more.. please Comment on this text if u like it the source is shared from the internet Dos Tricks and Shortcuts Full Codes. Kindly Add if U know more ! Accessibility Controls Add Hardware Wizard Add/Remove Programs Administrative Tools Automatic Updates Bluetooth Transfer Wizard Calculator Certificate Manager Character Map Check Disk Utility Clipboard Viewer Command Prompt Component Services Computer Management timedate.cpl Device Manager Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)* Direct X Troubleshooter Disk Cleanup Utility Disk Defragment Disk Management access.cpl hdwwiz.cpl appwiz.cpl control admintools wuaucpl.cpl fsquirt calc certmgr.msc charmap chkdsk clipbrd cmd dcomcnfg compmgmt.msc ddeshare devmgmt.msc directx.cpl dxdiag cleanmgr dfrg.msc diskmgmt.msc

Disk Partition Manager diskpart Display Properties control desktop Display Properties desk.cpl Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab control color Preselected) Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting drwtsn32 Utility Driver Verifier Utility verifier Event Viewer eventvwr.msc File Signature Verification Tool sigverif Findfast findfast.cpl Folders Properties control folders Fonts control fonts Fonts Folder fonts Free Cell Card Game freecell Game Controllers joy.cpl Group Policy Editor (XP Prof) gpedit.msc Hearts Card Game mshearts Iexpress Wizard iexpress Indexing Service ciadv.msc Internet Properties inetcpl.cpl IP Configuration (Display Connection ipconfig /all Configuration) IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache ipconfig Contents) /displaydns IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache ipconfig /flushdns Contents) IP Configuration (Release All ipconfig /release Connections) IP Configuration (Renew All ipconfig /renew Connections) IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & ipconfig Re-Registers DNS) /registerdns IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ipconfig ID) /showclassid IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP ipconfig /setclassid Class ID)

Java Control Panel (If Installed) Java Control Panel (If Installed) Keyboard Properties Local Security Settings Local Users and Groups Logs You Out Of Windows Microsoft Chat Minesweeper Game Mouse Properties Mouse Properties

jpicpl32.cpl javaws control keyboard secpol.msc lusrmgr.msc logoff winchat winmine control mouse main.cpl control Network Connections netconnections Network Connections ncpa.cpl Network Setup Wizard netsetup.cpl Notepad notepad Nview Desktop Manager (If Installed) nvtuicpl.cpl Object Packager packager ODBC Data Source Administrator odbccp32.cpl On Screen Keyboard osk Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed) ac3filter.cpl Password Properties password.cpl Performance Monitor perfmon.msc Performance Monitor perfmon Phone and Modem Options telephon.cpl Power Configuration powercfg.cpl Printers and Faxes control printers Printers Folder printers Private Character Editor eudcedit Quicktime (If Installed) QuickTime.cpl Regional Settings intl.cpl Registry Editor regedit Registry Editor regedit32 Remote Desktop mstsc Removable Storage ntmsmgr.msc Removable Storage Operator Requests ntmsoprq.msc Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) rsop.msc

Scanners and Cameras sticpl.cpl Scheduled Tasks control schedtasks Security Center wscui.cpl Services services.msc Shared Folders fsmgmt.msc Shuts Down Windows shutdown Sounds and Audio mmsys.cpl Spider Solitare Card Game spider SQL Client Configuration cliconfg System Configuration Editor sysedit System Configuration Utility msconfig System File Checker Utility (Scan sfc /scannow Immediately) System File Checker Utility (Scan sfc /scanonce Once At Next Boot) System File Checker Utility (Scan On sfc /scanboot Every Boot) System File Checker Utility (Return to sfc /revert Default Setting) System File Checker Utility (Purge File sfc /purgecache Cache) System File Checker Utility (Set Cache sfc /cachesize=x Size to size x) System Properties sysdm.cpl Task Manager taskmgr Telnet Client telnet User Account Management nusrmgr.cpl Utility Manager utilman Windows Firewall firewall.cpl Windows Magnifier magnify Windows Management Infrastructure wmimgmt.msc Windows System Security Tool syskey Windows Update Launches wupdmgr Windows XP Tour Wizard tourstart Wordpad write

Run line commands can be very useful some times, its better to know them here are all the commands that i know u might find them usefull too Commands are same for Windows xp pro and home Run Line Commands These are GUI applications that can be opened from the run line. These applications are not located in the C:\windows\system32\ directory, the keys for these applications are located in the registry under: HKLM\software\microsoft\windows\currentversion\app paths BCKGZM.EXE - Backgammon CHKRZM.EXE - Checkers CONF.EXE - NetMeeting DIALER.EXE - Phone Dialer HELPCTR.EXE - Help and Support HRTZZM.EXE - Internet Hearts HYPERTRM.EXE - HyperTerminal ICWCONN1.EXE - Internet Connection Wizard IEXPLORE.EXE - Internet Explorer INETWIZ.EXE - Setup Your Internet Connection INSTALL.EXE - User's Folder MIGWIZ.EXE - File and Settings Transfer Wizard MOVIEMK.EXE - Windows Movie Maker MPLAYER2.EXE - Windows Media Player Version MSCONFIG.EXE - System Configuration Utility MSIMN.EXE - Outlook Express MSINFO32.EXE - System Information MSMSGS.EXE - Windows Messenger MSN6.EXE - MSN Explorer PBRUSH.EXE - Paint PINBALL.EXE - Pinball RVSEZM.EXE - Reversi SHVLZM.EXE - Spades TABLE30.EXE - User's Folder WAB.EXE - Windows Address Book WABMIG.EXE - Address Book Import Tool WINNT32.EXE - User's Folder WMPLAYER.EXE - Windows Media Player

WRITE.EXE - Wordpad These .EXE files reside in (c:\windows\system32\) or (c:\windows\) directory. ACCWIZ.EXE - Accessibility Wizard CALC.EXE - Calculator CHARMAP.EXE - Character Map CLEANMGR.EXE - Disk Space Cleanup Manager CLICONFG.EXE - SQL Client Configuration Utility CLIPBRD.EXE - Clipbook Viewer CLSPACK.EXE - Class Package Export Tool CMD.EXE - Command Line CMSTP.EXE - Connection Manager Profile Installer CONTROL.EXE - Control Panel DCOMCNFG.EXE - Component Services DDESHARE.EXE - DDE Share DRWATSON.EXE - Doctor Watson v1.00b DRWTSN32.EXE - Doctor Watson Settings DVDPLAY.EXE - DVD Player DXDIAG.EXE - DirectX Diagnostics EUDCEDIT.EXE - Private Character Editor EVENTVWR.EXE - Event Viewer EXPLORER.EXE - Windows Explorer FREECELL.EXE - Free Cell FXSCLNT.EXE - Fax Console FXSCOVER.EXE - Fax Cover Page Editor FXSEND.EXE - MS Fax Send Note Utility IEXPRESS.EXE - IExpress 2.0 LOGOFF.EXE - System Logoff MAGNIFY.EXE - Microsoft Magnifier MMC.EXE - Microsoft Management Console MOBSYNC.EXE - Microsoft Synchronization Manager MPLAY32.EXE - Windows Media Player version 5.1 MSHEARTS.EXE - Hearts MSPAINT.EXE - Paint MSTSC.EXE - Remote Desktop Connection NARRATOR.EXE - Microsoft Narrator NETSETUP.EXE - Network Setup Wizard NOTEPAD.EXE - Notepad NSLOOKUP.EXE - NSLookup Application

NTSD.EXE - Symbolic Debugger for Windows 2000 ODBCAD32.EXE - ODBC Data Source Administrator OSK.EXE - On Screen Keyboard OSUNINST.EXE - Windows Uninstall Utility PACKAGER.EXE - Object Packager PERFMON.EXE - Performance Monitor PROGMAN.EXE - Program Manager RASPHONE.EXE - Remote Access Phonebook REGEDIT.EXE - Registry Editor REGEDT32.EXE - Registry Editor RESET.EXE - Resets Session RSTRUI.EXE - System Restore RTCSHARE.EXE - RTC Application Sharing SFC.EXE - System File Checker SHRPUBW.EXE - Create Shared Folder SHUTDOWN.EXE - System Shutdown SIGVERIF.EXE - File Signature Verification SNDREC32.EXE - Sound Recorder SNDVOL32.EXE - Sound Volume SOL.EXE - Solitaire SPIDER.EXE - Spider Solitaire SYNCAPP.EXE - Create A Briefcase SYSEDIT.EXE - System Configuration Editor SYSKEY.EXE - SAM Lock Tool TASKMGR.EXE - Task Manager TELNET.EXE - MS Telnet Client TSSHUTDN.EXE - System Shutdown TOURSTART.EXE - Windows Tour Launcher UTILMAN.EXE - System Utility Manager USERINIT.EXE - My Documents VERIFIER.EXE - Driver Verifier Manager WIAACMGR.EXE - Scanner and Camera Wizard WINCHAT.EXE - Windows for Workgroups Chat WINHELP.EXE - Windows Help Engine WINHLP32.EXE - Help WINMINE.EXE - Minesweeper WINVER.EXE - Windows Version Information WRITE.EXE - WordPad WSCRIPT.EXE - Windows Script Host Settings

WUPDMGR.EXE - Windows Update The following are Control Panel applets that can be run from the run line. They are located in the c:\windows\system32 directory, and have the file type extension ".CPL". ACCESS.CPL - Accessibility Options APPWIZ.CPL - Add or Remove Programs DESK.CPL - Display Properties HDWWIZ.CPL - Add Hardware Wizard INETCPL.CPL - Internet Explorer Properties INTL.CPL - Regional and Language Options JOY.CPL - Game Controllers MAIN.CPL - Mouse Properties MMSYS.CPL - Sounds and Audio Device Properties NCPA.CPL - Network Connections NUSRMGR.CPL - User Accounts ODBCCP32.CPL - ODBC Data Source Administrator POWERCFG.CPL - Power Options Properties SYSDM.CPL - System Properties TELEPHON.CPL - Phone and Modem Options TIMEDATE.CPL - Date and Time Properties The following are Microsoft Management Console Snap-ins that can be opened from the run line. These applications have the file type extension ".MSC". CERTMGR.MSC - Certificates CIADV.MSC - Indexing Service COMPMGMT.MSC - Computer Management DEVMGMT.MSC - Device Manager DFRG.MSC - Disk Defragmenter DISKMGMT.MSC - Disk Management EVENTVWR.MSC - Event Viewer FSMGMT.MSC - Shared Folders LUSRMGR.MSC - Local Users and Groups NTMSMGR.MSC - Removable Storage NTMSOPRQ.MSC - Removable Storage Operator Requests PERFMON.MSC - Performance Monitor SERVICES.MSC - Services WMIMGMT.MSC - Windows Management Infrastructure

Calculation on command Prompt ! u knew dis??? The command processor CMD.EXE comes with a mini-calculator that can perform simple arithmetic on 32-bit signed integers: C:\>set /a 2+2 4 C:\>set /a 2*(9/2) 8 C:\>set /a (2*9)/2 9 C:\>set /a "31>>2" 7 Note that we had to quote the shift operator since it would otherwise be misinterpreted as a "redirect stdout and append" operator. For more information, type set /? at the command prompt. ******************************************************* ******************** Hey folks, do u know that windows XP is having a hidden "Star Wars Movie" inside it??? You should be connected to the NET for using this. Go to Starts-->Programs-->Run Type telnet And hit enter......... Enjoy the magic!!!!

All Dos Commands ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file ARP Address Resolution Protocol ASSOC Change file extension associations ASSOCIAT One step file association AT Schedule a command to run at a later time ATTRIB Change file attributes BOOTCFG Edit Windows boot settings BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info CACLS Change file permissions CALL Call one batch program from another CD Change Directory - move to a specific Folder CHANGE Change Terminal Server Session properties CHKDSK Check Disk - check and repair disk problems CHKNTFS Check the NTFS file system CHOICE Accept keyboard input to a batch file CIPHER Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin CLEARMEM Clear memory leaks CLIP Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.

CLS Clear the screen CLUSTER Windows Clustering CMD Start a new CMD shell COLOR Change colors of the CMD window COMP Compare the contents of two files or sets of files COMPACT Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition COMPRESS Compress individual files on an NTFS partition CON2PRT Connect or disconnect a Printer CONVERT Convert a FAT drive to NTFS. COPY Copy one or more files to another location CSVDE Import or Export Active Directory data DATE Display or set the date Dcomcnfg DCOM Configuration Utility DEFRAG Defragment hard drive DEL Delete one or more files DELPROF Delete NT user profiles DELTREE Delete a folder and all subfolders DevCon Device Manager Command Line Utility DIR Display a list of files and folders DIRUSE Display disk usage DISKCOMP Compare the contents of two floppy disks DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another DNSSTAT DNS Statistics DOSKEY Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros DSADD Add user (computer, group..) to active directory DSQUERY List items in active directory DSMOD Modify user (computer, group..) in active directory ECHO Display message on screen ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file ERASE Delete one or more files EXIT Quit the CMD shell EXPAND Uncompress files

EXTRACT Uncompress CAB files FC Compare two files FDISK Disk Format and partition FIND Search for a text string in a file FINDSTR Search for strings in files FOR Conditionally perform a command several times FORFILES Batch process multiple files FORMAT Format a disk FREEDISK Check free disk space (in bytes) FSUTIL File and Volume utilities FTP File Transfer Protocol FTYPE Display or modify file types used in file extension associations GLOBAL Display membership of global groups GOTO Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line HELP Online Help HFNETCHK Network Security Hotfix Checker IF Conditionally perform a command IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup IPCONFIG Configure IP KILL Remove a program from memory LABEL Edit a disk label LOCAL Display membership of local groups LOGEVENT Write text to the NT event viewer. LOGOFF Log a user off LOGTIME Log the date and time in a file MAPISEND Send email from the command line MEM Display memory usage

MD Create new folders MODE Configure a system device MORE Display output, one screen at a time MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point MOVE Move files from one folder to another MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another MSG Send a message MSIEXEC Microsoft Windows Installer MSINFO Windows NT diagnostics MSTSC Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol) MUNGE Find and Replace text within file(s) MV Copy in-use files NET Manage network resources NETDOM Domain Manager NETSH Configure network protocols NETSVC Command-line Service Controller NBTSTAT Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP) NETSTAT Display networking statistics (TCP/IP) NOW Display the current Date and Time NSLOOKUP Name server lookup NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights PATH Display or set a search path for executable files PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss PAUSE Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message PERMS Show permissions for a user PERFMON Performance Monitor PING Test a network connection POPD Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services PRINT Print a text file PRNCNFG Display, configure or rename a printer

PRNMNGR Add, delete, list printers set the default printer PROMPT Change the command prompt PsExec Execute process remotely PsFile Show files opened remotely PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a user PsInfo List information about a system PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID PsList List detailed information about processes PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing) PsLogList Event log records PsPasswd Change account password PsService View and control services PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer PsSuspend Suspend processes PUSHD Save and then change the current directory QGREP Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern. RASDIAL Manage RAS connections RASPHONE Manage RAS connections RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk. REG Read, Set or Delete registry keys and values REGEDIT Import or export registry settings REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL REGINI Change Registry Permissions REM Record comments (remarks) in a batch file REN Rename a file or files. REPLACE Replace or update one file with another RD Delete folder(s) RDISK Create a Recovery Disk RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables RUNAS Execute a program under a different user account RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

SC Service Control SCHTASKS Create or Edit Scheduled Tasks SCLIST Display NT Services ScriptIt Control GUI applications SET Display, set, or remove environment variables SETLOCAL Begin localisation of environment changes in a batch file SETX Set environment variables permanently SHARE List or edit a file share or print share SHIFT Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file) SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer SLEEP Wait for x seconds SOON Schedule a command to run in the near future SORT Sort input START Start a separate window to run a specified program or command SU Switch User SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain SUBST Associate a path with a drive letter SYSTEMINFO List system configuration TASKLIST List running applications and services TIME Display or set the system time TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file TITLE Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session TOUCH Change file timestamps TRACERT Trace route to a remote host TREE Graphical display of folder structure TYPE Display the contents of a text file

USRSTAT List domain usernames and last login VER Display version information VERIFY Verify that files have been saved VOL Display a disk label WHERE Locate and display files in a directory tree WHOAMI Output the current UserName and domain WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files WINMSD Windows system diagnostics WINMSDP Windows system diagnostics II WMIC WMI Commands XCACLS Change file permissions XCOPY Copy files and folders i recommend for all dos commands visit Clear CMOS all Tricks ENTERING DEBUG Debug has been included in every version of MS-DOS as well as Windows. When running any of the debug routines it is recommended that if you have Windows that you exit or shut down to get into a real DOS prompt (unless you're running Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP, or later versions).

Once at the MS- DOS prompt, run through the below example, this example is perfectly fine to run on any PC Computer running MSDOS / Windows and will not harm anything.

Type debug and press enter. This should get you to a - (small dash). This is the debug prompt. At the - type d40:00 and press enter; this will return several lines of information. After the feedback you will be back to the debug prompt. To exit out of debug type q and press enter. This will return you back to the MS-DOS prompt. In some of the below debug routines you will notice that a "g" is typed, then "q". G tells the computer that the code type is not self executing and must be run at this point. If completed, the program will return Program Terminated Normally which indicates you can now quit from the debug program. TESTING PORTS The below debug routine will check the ports of the computer to allow you to know if ports are being detected or not. Type debug to get to the "-" Type D40:0 You should get several lines; however, the first line is the only important line, which should read the following: 0040:0000 F8 03 F8 02 E8 03 E8 02 - 78 03 78 02 BC 03 F8 03 F8 02 E8 03 E8 02 78 03 78 02 BC 03 COM1 COM2 COM3 COM4 LPT1 LPT2 LPT3 The above graph shows you what the feed back means as far as port, so if you see F8 03, this would be an indication that COM1 is being detected; if you see 00 00, this is an indication that it is not being detected, which could mean that hardware is bad or that it is disabled inCMOS Once you have finished looking at the information, type Q and press enter to get out of Debug. CLEAR CMOS The below debug routine will clear CMOS, BIOS, Passwords, Settings, Viruses, and other items residing in the CMOS. During

this process you may get returned characters which are an indication that the string has gone in, if you by chance get ERROR ensure that you have typed the line in correctly, if not retype. Ensure that you do not skip any lines, that it is ALL typed in correctly to help prevent problems. Before running this Debug routine also ensure that you have read the above disclaimer. After typing debug you will get "-" which is were you can begin by typing A and pressing enter. A <ENTER> MOV AX,0 <ENTER> MOV AX,CX <ENTER> OUT 70,AL <ENTER> MOV AX,0 <ENTER> OUT 71,AL <ENTER> INC CX <ENTER> CMP CX,100 <ENTER> JB 103 <ENTER> INT 20 <ENTER> <ENTER> Note: Nothing is typed on this line G <ENTER> By pressing G this will execute the above script, ensure you have read and agree to the above disclaimer. Q <ENTER> Then reboot and you will get a Setup Checksum Error. Go into setup, correct all the incorrect values, time, date... JOYSTICK TEST This test will test to see if your Joystick is present or not. Type debug from the DOS prompt once at the "-". Type i201 If you get a FF response attempt hold one of the main buttons on your joystick, and while holding the button down type i201 and see if a different response is given, each button on the joystick should return a different response. However, some special joysticks, such as the Microsoft Sidewinder, which has more than 4-5 buttons, may not return a response for all extra buttons because these buttons are generally controlled through software. If a FF is still given on each of the buttons on the game paddle or joystick, it is a good possibility that either the Joystick and or the Joystick port is bad. If possible,

attempt these steps with another known working joystick. However, if you are receiving different responses when pressing and holding the keys on the joystick, the computer hardware is working properly. Type q and press enter to quit out of debug. ERASING SECTOR 2 Before doing the below routine ensure that you have read our disclaimer and that you're sure that this is safe to do on your hard drive. Some computer hard drive manufacturers may void your warranty if this routine is ran or in some situations this can cause damage to the hard drive. This routine is useful in clearing DDO and unknown partitions. If this routine completes successfully it will erase everything in Sector 2. In the below debug routine, only type what is in bold from line 3 to 9, you will get a response if typed in properly. If you get a response continue to type the bold text as shown below in the below example. A:\>debug -FCS:200 400 0<enter> -ACS:100<enter> -xxxx:0100 mov ax,302<enter> -xxxx:0103 mov bx,200<enter> -xxxx:0106 mov cx,2<enter> -xxxx:0109 mov dx, 80<enter> -xxxx:010a int 13<enter> -xxxx:010c int 20<enter> -xxxx:0110 <enter>(without typing anything) -g <enter> Program terminated normally. -q <enter> ERASE ALL HDD INFORMATION This debug routine is used to erase all partition information on the hard disk drive and is only recommend for experienced users or

users who are unable to delete the partition information through fdisk. In the below debug routine, only type what is in bold from line 3 to 8, you will get a response if typed in properly. If you get a response continue to type the bold text as shown below in the below example. A:\>debug <enter> -F 200 L1000 0 <enter> -A CS:100 <enter> xxxx:0100 MOV AX,301 <enter> xxxx:0103 MOV BX,200 <enter> xxxx:0106 MOV CX,1 <enter> xxxx:0109 MOV DX,80 <enter> (80 for hd 0 or 81 for hd 1 ) xxxx:010C INT 13 <enter> xxxx:010E INT 20 <enter> xxxx:0110 <enter> -g <enter> Program terminated normally -q<enter> Once this debug routine is complete, reboot computer and all partitions should be erased. Before anything can be installed back onto the computer you must run Fdisk and recreate the partition as well as format the hard disk drive. ERASE HDD AND CLEAR CMOS Before doing the below routine ensure that you read our disclaimer as well as are sure that this is safe to do on your hard drive. Some computer hard drive manufacturers may void your warranty or this may cause damage to the hard drive when doing the below example. This routine is useful in clearing DDO and removing possible viruses. If this routine completes successfully it will erase everything from your Hard Drive as well as your reset your CMOS values. In the below debug routine, only type what is in bold from line 3 to 17, you will get a response if typed in properly. If you get a response continue to type the bold text as shown below in the below example. A:\>debug <enter>

-fcs:200 400 0 <enter> -acs:100 <enter> -xxxx:0100 mov ax, 0 <enter> -xxxx:0103 mov ax, cx <enter> -xxxx:0105 out 70, al <enter> -xxxx:0107 mov ax, 0 <enter> -xxxx:010a out 71,al <enter> -xxxx:010c inc cx <enter> -xxxx:010d cmp cx,100 <enter> -xxxx:0111 jb 103 <enter> -xxxx:0113 mov ax,302 <enter> -xxxx:0116 mov bx,200 <enter> -xxxx:0119 mov cx,1 <enter> -xxxx:011c mov dx,80 <enter> -xxxx:011f int 13 <enter> -xxxx:012l int 20 <enter> -xxxx:0123 <enter> (without typing anything.) -g <enter> program terminated normally If you are doing this debug routine to clear out a possible virus turn off your computer and wait and turn back on. -q <enter> Once back at DOS, reboot your computer When your computer comes back on from doing the above you will get an error message as booting up the computer, such as "Invalid Configuration". You must enter CMOS and set the time and date, save, and reboot again. Once rebooted, you will then need to run fdisk and recreate the partitions. Once created, you will then need to format the hard drive and proceed as normal. DISCHARGE OLD LAPTOP BATTERIES The below debug routine is used for older laptop batteries (i.e. batteries made from 1990-1992), we do not recommend using this routine on any newer laptop batteries or any NiMH batteries N DPDISCHG.COM <Enter>

A <Enter> MOV DX,01E8 <Enter> MOV AL,F9 <Enter> OUT DX,AL <Enter> INT 20 <Enter> <Enter> RCX <Enter> 10 <Enter> W <Enter> Q <Enter> This will write to the current directory. To run this utility type dpdischg. REBOOT YOUR COMPUTER Implement this debug routine to reboot your computer. DEBUG E 40:72 34 12 RCS FFFF RIP 0000 G To create a batch file that reboots your computer without having to type the above command each time, use the below example. GOTO BEGIN E 40:72 34 12 RCS FFFF RIP 0000 G :BEGIN DEBUG < REBOOT.BAT CREATE A SLEEP FILE This file allows your computer to sleep for a specified amount of

time. This file is not dangerous in any way; if typed improperly, more than likely the file will just not work. Type Debug You should get a "-" begin typing the below information; after each line you may get a response, do not press enter and type the next line after the response. N SLEEP.COM A 100 MOV SI,0082 MOV AX,[SI] XCHG AH,AL XOR AX,3030 MOV BL,AL MOV AL,0A MUL AH ADD AX,BX MOV SI,AX MOV AH,2C INT 21 MOV BL,DH MOV AX,SI AAM OR AX,3030 XCHG AH,AL MOV [0160],AX MOV AH,09 MOV DX,0160 INT 21 MOV AH,06 MOV DL,FF INT 21 JZ 014C OR AL,AL JNZ 013F MOV AH,08 INT 21 MOV AL,FF

MOV DX,016C PUSH AX MOV AH,09 INT 21 POP AX MOV AH,4C INT 21 MOV AH,2C INT 21 CMP BL,DH JZ 012D MOV BL,DH DEC SI JNZ 011A SUB AL,AL MOV DX,016C JMP 0142 DB "XX SECONDS", D, 24 DB " ", D, A, 24 RCX 79 W Q Tip: You may cut and paste the above test into a notepad document and save the file with a .scr extension. Once saved from DOS, type debug < name of scrSLEEP.COM. which should create the file; should be created CHECK BIOS DATE The below debug routine is to check the date of your BIOS. All BIOS dates on PC compatible computers is stored at memory address FFFF5h. To display the date of your BIOS do the following: At the C:\> type debug - d FFFF:5 L 8 After typing the above command you should receive a string similar to: FFFF:0000 30 34 2F-33 30 2F 39 38 4/30/98 The 4/30/98 would be the date of your

computer BIOS. VIDEO CARD TYPE The below debug routine will list the type of video card within your computer. This is an excellent way of determining the chipset on the card or the card within your computer without opening the computer. At the C:\> type debug -d c000:0040 After typing the above command you should receive several lines of text similar to: C000:00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 - 00 00 00 00 ................ 40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 C000:00 E 6 7 0 B 4 2 E F 2 E F 2 5 4 .c{...I'..+.. 10 50 9 3 B0 4 9 7 9 E B 9 7 B 0 D +PM C000:00 4 5 0 5 0 0 0 A0 B B0 C 49 00 00 IDX.[........... 60 4 8 0 B 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 .[STB C000:00 5 5 5 4 6 5 4 4 5 4 00 20 - 44 41 20 54 nVIDIA 70 B 3 4 2 E 6 9 9 4 E TNT C000:00 7 6 7 2 3 2 3 2 0 0 0 1 ver. 20 20 - 30 43 80 6 5 2 E 1 E 1 0 DA0 B 1.10 ....C C000:00 6 7 7 7 6 6 7 2 2 3 3 opyright(C)1 67 - 43 31 39 20 90 F 0 9 2 9 8 4 8 9 9 8 998 C000:00 5 4 2 5 7 7 6 6 7 6 6 0 STB 53 79 20 49 A0 4 2 0 3 3 4 5 D3 E 3 D Systems Inc. C000:00 0 0 2 6 2 0 0 0 C 2 7 E 6 3 .."1,....P$..'6 - 50 58 B0 A0 2 CCA1 0 3 4 F 8 0 6 X As you can pick out in the above dump, this gives you enough information to determine the make and the year made on the video card. On line 4 you can see the make of this video card, which in this case is a N VIDIA TNT which would be the Riva TNT chipset. The next line you notice the version of the card and finally the line thereafter is the copyright or the year manufactured, generally. If you are unable to capture any information which sounds like the video card, you can also type -d c000:0090

solitare and games cheats WELCOME TO

The only place for Windows game Cheats


Secret - Reveal Mines Instructions - Minimize or close all running applications. Launch Minesweeper, then type xyzzy. Next hold down either shift key for one second. Now when you move the mouse cursor over a Minesweeper square you will see a tiny white pixel in the top left corner of your desktop screen. This pixel will change to black when your mouse moves over a mine. You may need to change you desktop background to a solid color other then white or black to see the pixel.


Secret - Extra Balls Instructions - Type 1max at the start of a new ball to get extra balls. Secret - Gravity Well Instructions - Type gmax at the start of a new game to activate the Gravity Well. Secret - Instant Promotion Instructions - Type rmax at the start of a new game to go up in ranks. Secret - Skill Shot Instructions - Launch the ball partially up the chute past the third yellow light bar so it falls back down to get 75,000 points. There are six yellow light bars that are worth a varying amount of points: First: 15,000 points Second: 30,000 points Third: 75,000 points Fourth: 30,000 points Fifth: 15,000 points Sixth: 7,500 points Secret - Test Mode Instructions - Type hidden test at the start of a new ball to activate Test Mode. No notification will be given that this is activated but you can now left-click the mouse button and drag the ball around.

Secret - Unlimited Balls Instructions - Type bmax at the start of a new ball. No notification will be given that this is activated but when a ball is lost a new ball will appear from the yellow wormhole indefinitely. Once this is activated you will be unable to activate other secrets without restarting


Secret - Instant Win Instructions - Hold down Ctrl + Shift + F10 during game play. Then you will be asked if you want to Abort, Retry or Ignore. Choose Abort, then move any card to instantly win. Secret - Hidden Game Modes Instructions - In the "Game" menu choose "Select Game". Enter -1 or -2 to activate the hidden game modes.


Secret - Instant Win

Instructions - Press Alt + Shift + 2 during game play to instantly win.

Secret - Draw single cards in a Draw Three game

Instructions - Hold down CTRL + ALT + SHIFT while drawing a new card. Instead of drawing three cards you will only draw one. Infinite Points

In the Windows XP version of solitaire, draw from the deck at least twice. Hold control and drag a card down from the deck. Click the "A" key and then let go of the left mouse key. You will get 10 points for this. Continue doing this for infinite points! Infinite points trick II

To do this trick, finish a game of solitaire with the time bonus option on. The cards will start bouncing. Click on the solitaire screen and the play again box will pop up. Select no, so the solitaire screen is just blank green. Use the instant win cheat (Alt+Shift+2) and you will recieve the time bonus you got last game will be added to your last game's score. For example, if your time bonus was 5000, and your final score was 6000, after using this glitch, you will have a score of 11000. This glitch can be used as many times as you want.

//----------------------------------------------------------------// registry hack which will allow you to see your opponents' cards //----------------------------------------------------------------- Launch REGEDIT.EXE and navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER

Software Microsoft Windows CurrentVersion Applets Hearts. NOTE: You may have to create the Hearts key under Applets In the right-hand pane, create a new String Value. Immediately rename it to "ZB" (without the quotes); give it a value of "42" (again, sans quotes). The next time you're in a game of Hearts, press CTRL + SHIFT + ALT + F12.

Speed up Booting Xp by 61 Times

run -> msconfig - Hit Enter

Awesome tricks Explained here for u Free! : Rahul Dutt Avasthy

Whenever you start your computer, you are faced with a few moments of thumb twiddling while Windows XP boots and prompts you to log on. Although you should expect to wait for a few moments, sometimes Windows XP seems to boot rather slowly. In fact, you may notice that over a period of time the PC that used to roar to life seems a bit sluggish instead. Fortunately, you can

perform several techniques that help Windows XP get the bootup speed you want. This Article explores how to put these techniques to work. Stopping Unneeded Startup Services !

Along with the core operating system and programs that Windows XP runs when it starts, there is also a host of services involved. Many of these services are necessary for Windows XP to operate correctly. However, many of them are for features in Windows XP that you may not use at all. You can peruse the services and disable any service that you do not want to run. The fewer services that run, the more quickly Windows XP will boot. Caution: Exercise caution when stopping services. If you do not know what a service does or are unsure of the ramifications of stopping the service, leave it alone. Some services are critical to Windows XP's operations, so make sure you understand what the service is before you disable it. To reduce the number of services that start on bootup, you can access two different areas of Windows XP. The first is the System Configuration Utility. The Services tab shows you the services that start when the computer boots. You can stop a service from starting by simply clearing the check box next to the service and clicking OK. However, before you do so, there is another way to disable services that you may prefer because the interface gives you more information about the service in question.

Open Control Panel/Administrative ToolsServices or else select Start/Run, type services.msc, and click OK. Either way, you see the Services console. I prefer to use the Services console instead of the System Configuration Utility because it describes what the service does. Additionally, you can double-click a service and examine its properties. Notice the Startup Type column in Figure 4-2. This information lists whether the service is automatic or manual. Manual services are only started in Windows XP when you start a process that requires the service. Some other process may require the service that has a "dependency" relationship with it; in this case, the dependency service will start, as well. Because these services do not start automatically when you boot Windows XP, you do not need to do anything with manual services. However, all services listed as automatic start when Windows XP boots. These are the services that increase boot time. As I have mentioned, many of them are necessary and important, so you should not stop automatic services from booting unless you are sure of the ramifications. You can get this information by looking at the Description column. Here's a quick look at common services you may want to live without: SPEED UP BOOT BY DISABLING UNUSED PORTS.!!

You may have tried many tweaks like modifying windowsXP startup applications, prefetches, unload DLLs method,etc. And yes those

methods do work for me. I have just accidentally found out another way to give you an extra boost in windowsXP's boot performance. This is done by disabling your unused devices in Device Manager. for example, if you don't have input devices that are connected to one of your USBs or COM ports, disabling them will give you an extra perfromance boost in booting. Go to Control Panel -> System -> Hardware tab -> device manager Disable devices that you don't use for your PC and then restart. Do Dis !! 1.Start Registry Editor (Regedit.exe). 2.Locate the following key in the registry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ SessionManager\MemoryManagement\PrefetchParameters 3.Make sure you backup the keys by exporting them to a .reg file. 4.On the EnablePrefetcher value, change the setting from 3 to 5 (decimal). 5.Close the registry editor. 6.Restart your computer Automatic Updates ! This service enables Windows XP to check the Web automatically for updates. If you don't want to use Automatic Updates, you can

disable the service. You can always check for updates manually at the Windows Update Web site. Computer Browser: If your computer is not on a network, you don't need this service. If you are on a network, leave it alone. DHCP Client: If you are not on a network, you do not need this service. If you are on a small workgroup, you can still increase boot time by configuring manual IP addresses (which I explore later in this chapter). DNS Client: If you are not on a network, you do not need this service. If you are, leave it alone. Error Reporting and Event Log: You don't have to use these services but they can be very helpful, so I would leave them configured as automatic. Fax: If you don't use your computer for fax services, you can disable this one. Help and Support: If you never use the Windows XP Help and Support Center (found on the Start menu), you can disable this service. IMAPI CD-Burning COM: This service enables you to burn CDs on your computer. If you never burn CDs, you can disable the service. Indexing Service: Your computer keeps an index of files but if you rarely search for files, the service is just a resource hog. You can stop it and turn the service to manual. Windows Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing: If you do not use these features, you can disable them.

Infrared Monitor: If you do not use infrared devices, you can disable this service. Messenger: This service sends alert messages on a local area network (it is not the same as Windows Messenger). If you are not on a network, you can disable this service. Print Spooler: If you do not do any printing from the computer, you can disable this service. If you print, make sure you leave it as automatic. Remote Registry: This service allows remote users to modify the Registry on your computer. If you are not on a network, you can disable this service. System Restore Service: This service allows you to use System Restore. If you have turned off System Restore anyway, you do not need to turn off the service. If you do, you turn off System Restore. Themes: If you do not use themes, you can disable this service. Windows Image Acquisition: If you do not use scanners or digital cameras, you can disable this service. Wireless Zero Configuration: If do not use wireless networking devices, you can disable this service.

You may have a number of other automatic services, depending on software and other configurations on your computer. So it's a good idea to look through the services and learn more about them. If you double-click a service, a Properties dialog box appears Notice that on the General tab, you see a Startup Type drop-down

menu. If you want to change an automatic service to manual, select Manual here and click OK. As a general rule, don't disable a service unless you are sure you will never use it. However, manual configuration allows the service to be started when you find it necessary, thus speeding up your boot time. However, before you change a service to manual, look at the Dependencies tab (see Figure 4-4). This tab shows you which other services depend upon the service you are considering changing. Keep in mind that services are necessary for the vast functionality you get with Windows XP. Change only those services that you understand and do not use. How you use your Windows XP computer should be the best guide in terms of optional startup services. Tip !

The Indexing service and the System Restore service take up a lot of disk space and system resources across the board. You can live without the Indexing service but I suggest that you keep using System Restore. It works great when you are in a bind and this is one case where the loss of speed may not be worth the ramifications of not using System Restore. Speed Tips and Tricks for Windows XP Startup Aside from startup programs, services, and the Prefetch folder, there are a number of other startup procedures and issues you can modify to help Windows XP start faster. The following sections explore those tips and tricks. Manual IP Addressing on Small Office/Home Networks

Windows XP is configured to help you take care of networking. It uses the TCP/IP protocol for networking in workgroups, or what you might call small office or home networks that do not use a dedicated server. The problem is that automatic IP addressing can be slow. When your computer boots, it has to query the network to see what IP addresses are already in use and then assign itself one. If you want to speed up the boot time a bit, consider manually assigning IP addresses to all computers on the network. This way, the network computers do not have to worry about locating an automatic IP address. Because one is manually configured, the operating system doesn't have to spend time solving this problem. This isn't a networking book, however, so I won't delve into the implications of using a manual IP address, but if you are using a computer that functions as a host computer to the Internet (using Internet Connection Sharing [ICS]), you can get into connectivity problems if you change the configuration of the IP address. However, you can still work around this problem by starting with the ICS host computer. Select Start/Connect To/Show All Connections. Right-click your network adapter card and click Properties. On the General tab, select TCP/IP in the list of services and click the Properties button. In the TCP/IP properties, you can see if you use an automatic or manual IP address. In the example in Figure 4-5, I have configured a manual IP address of and a default subnet mask. The other computers on my office network each use a different IP address in the same class, such as,,, and so on. This way, each computer has a permanent IP address, which helps increase boot time. Note that if you change the IP addresses of your computers, they must all use the same subnet mask. A default subject mask of will keep you in good shape.

Make sure you understand the implications of changing IP addresses on your network. If you have no networking experience at all, you may be wiser to leave the automatic IP addressing as is and try to gain some speed using the additional suggestions in this chapter. Disabling Recent Documents History !

Windows XP includes a feature that keeps track of all recent documents you have opened or used. The idea is that you can select Start/Recent Documents History and quickly reopen any document you have recently used. I use many documents each day and never use the feature myself. In my opinion, I can keep up with what I want to use without Windows XP doing it for me. The bad thing about Recent Documents History is that Windows XP has to calculate what should be put there each time you boot Windows, which can slow things down. So, if you never use the Recent Documents History, it's a good idea to disable it. Here's how: 1. Open the Registry Editor (select Start/Run, type regedit, and click OK). 2. Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Mcft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. 3. Create a NoRecentDocsHistory D_WORD key. Double-click the value to open it once it is created. 4. Set the Data Value to 1 to enable the restriction. 5. Click OK and close the Registry Editor. You'll need to restart the computer for the change to take effect. Disabling the Boot Logo !

You can remove the boot logo that appears when you start Windows XP. This little tweak probably shaves only a few seconds off your boot time but seconds count if you are serious about trying to get Windows XP up and running as quickly as possible. The only negative is that if you remove the boot logo, you will also not see any boot messages, such as check disk. (But if you are not having problems with your computer, this isn't such a big deal.) To remove the boot logo, follow these steps: 1. Select Start/Run, type msconfig, and click OK. 2. In the System Configuration Utility, click the BOOT.INI tab. 3. On the BOOT.INI tab, click the NOGUIBOOT check box option. Click OK. Removing Unwanted Fonts !

One trick that increases your boot time a bit is to lose any fonts in the Fonts folder in Control Panel that you never use. The more fonts you have, the more processing Windows XP has to do to prep all of those fonts for use. You must be a bit careful here to not remove fonts that you might want, but there is a good chance that you can live without many of them. For instance, you may have foreign language fonts and other symbol fonts (such as Wingdings) that you never use. To delete unneeded fonts, follow these steps: 1. Open the Fonts folder in Control Panel. 2. Select Edit/Select All and then Edit/Copy. 3. Create a new folder on your desktop, open it, and select Edit/Paste. 4. In this new folder, delete any of the fonts you do not want. 5. Return to the Fonts folder in Control Panel. Right-click the

selected fonts and click Delete. 6. Go back to your new desktop folder and click Edit/Select All. 7. Return to your Fonts folder and click Edit/Paste. You now have only the desired fonts in the Fonts folder. Tip:

You can directly delete fonts from the Fonts folder without creating the secondary folder. However, I recommend the preceding steps to help ensure that you do not make a mistake in the deletion process. Stopping Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop Sharing !

In Windows XP Professional, you have two remote networking features called Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop Sharing. These remote networking features are very helpful in a variety of situations but if you don't use them, it is good idea to disable them to save boot time. You can always enable them later if you want to use them. Note: If you are interested in using Remote Desktop or Remote Assistance, see my book Windows XP for Power Users: Power Pack published by John Wiley & Sons. 1. Open the Start menu, right-click My Computer, and choose Properties. 2. Click the Remote Tab. 3. Clear both check boxes to disable Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop. Speeding Up the Dual-Boot Timeout !

If you dual-boot your computer with Windows XP and another operating system, you see an operating system selection menu on startup. If you typically boot into Windows XP and not the other operating system, you can speed up the dual-boot timeout value so that you do not wait so long for the boot process to select your default operating system and continue with the boot process. The default timeout value is 30 seconds but you can change this setting to 10. This gives you enough time to select the alternate operating system if you want but also speeds up the boot process. You can skip this section if you do not use a dual-boot configuration. Follow these steps: 1. Locate the boot.ini file on your computer. It is a hidden file by default; mine is located in C:\boot.ini. 2. Open the file with Notepad (which is what opens it by default). 3. Change the Timeout value to 10 (see Figure 4-11). 4. Select File/Save and close Notepad. Speeding Up Your PPPoE Connection !

If you use a Point-to-Point Protocol connection over Ethernet (PPPoE), you may notice a delay in using the PPPoE connection after startup. By default, there is a 120 second delay but you can stop this behavior by manually configuring an IP address for the network adapter card. If you do not use a PPPoE connection, you can skip this section. 1. Select Start/Connect to/Show All Connections. 2. Open the TCP/IP properties for your LAN network interface card. 3. Manually set the IP address on the TCP/IP properties to an appropriate IP address and subnet mask for your network.

Reducing the Wait Time

When you start to shut down Windows XP, it has to quit, or "kill," any live applications or processes that are currently running. So close all applications first. However, some applications and processes are always running in the background. You can reduce the amount of time that Windows XP waits for those applications and processes to close before Windows XP kills them. Edit three different Registry settings to change this: 1. Open the Registry Editor. 2. Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop. Select WaitToKillAppTimeout and set the value to 1000. 3. Select the HungAppTimeout value and set it to 1000 as well. 4. Navigate to HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop. Set the WaitToKillAppTimeout and set the value to 1000. Select the HungAppTimeout \newline value and set it to 1000 as well. 5. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control. Select the WaitToKillServiceTimeout value and set it to 1000. 6. Close the Registry Editor. Automatically Killing Tasks on Shutdown !

You know the drill. You start to shut down the computer, you wait a few moments, and then you see a dialog box asking if you want to kill an application or service that is running. Instead of prompting you, you can make Windows XP take care of the kill task automatically. Here's how: 1. Open the Registry Editor. 2. Navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop.

3. Highlight the value AutoEndTasks and change the value to 1. 4. Close the Registry Editor. More Here's a great tip to speed up your browsing of Windows XP machines. Its actually a fix to a bug installed as default in Windows 2000 that scans shared files for Scheduled Tasks. And it turns out that you can experience a delay as long as 30 seconds when you try to view shared files across a network because Windows 2000 is using the extra time to search the remote computer for any Scheduled Tasks. Note that though the fix is originally intended for only those affected, Windows 2000 users will experience that the actual browsing speed of both the Internet & Windows Explorers improve significantly after applying it since it doesn't search for Scheduled Tasks anymore. Here's how : Open up the Registry and go to : HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Current Version/Explorer/RemoteComputer/NameSpace Under that branch, select the key : {D6277990-4C6A-11CF-8D87-00AA0060F5BF} and delete it. This is key that instructs Windows to search for Scheduled Tasks. If you like you may want to export the exact branch so that you can restore the key if necessary. This fix is so effective that it doesn't require a reboot and you can almost immediately determine yourself how much it speeds up your browsing processes.

Xp problems and their solutions

There is One for Everyone !!

1) When i try to access my task manager(Ctr+Alt+Del) displays message 'task manger has been disabled by ur administrator'..., and also i cant access my registry too..!! what may have caused this problem.... is it becos of some VIRUS...???? how can i repair this without re installing...?? any particular software??

1: Close the IE browser. Log out messenger / Remove Internet Cable. 2: To enable Regedit Click Start, Run and type this command exactly as given below: (better - Copy and paste) REG add HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Syste m /v DisableRegistryTools /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f 3: To enable task manager : (To kill the process we need to enable task manager) Click Start, Run and type this command exactly as given below: (better - Copy and paste) REG add

HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Syste m /v DisableTaskMgr /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f 4: Now we need to change the default page of IE though regedit. Start>Run>Regedit From the below locations in Regedit chage your default home page to or other. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main HKEY_ LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main HKEY_USERS\Default\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main Just replace the attacker site with or set it to blank page. 5: Now we need to kill the process from back end. Press Ctrl + Alt + Del Kill the process svhost32.exe . ( may be more than one process is running.. check properly) 6: Delete svhost32.exe , svhost.exe files from Windows/ & temp/ directories. Or just search for svhost in your comp.. delete those files. 7: Go to regedit search for svhost and delete all the results you get. Start menu > Run > Regedit > 8: Restart the computer. Thats it now you are virus free. it works !! ** Shared from Internet (reva) 2)I don't have IIS( Internet Information Services) windows componet on my system As far as I know one can't have IIS running on XP Home. I think u will have to upgrade it to XP Prof. in proff That's simple get the Win XP CD, go to control panel--

>add/remove programs and then to add/remove windows components. There u will find the option for adding IIS, just check the checkbox and follow the instructions. You r done!! 3) Folder Option Vanished

IF U WANT UR FILES THT WERE HIDDEN U CAN TYPE *.* IN SEARCH AND ALSO TICK THE OPTION "INCLUDE HIDDEN FILES". NOW SEARCH IN THE DRIVE IN WHICH U STORED UR FILES, U WILL GET UR FILES BUT TO GET BACK THE OPTION U EITHER HAVE TO REINSTALL WINDOWS OR REPAIR IT. well this is as far as i know.. Post your Comment If you Know More 4) My volume icon is not showing in taskbar, Yet It's Enable From Control Panel > Sound And devices Assuming that you have tried the basic steps i am directly trying with the most possible solutions. This issue most commmonly occurs because the settings are not saved. Also there might be some startup program which is diabling the Systray.exe from loading up. Try this... 1) Re-enable the volume icon by disabling and then enabling Place volume icon in the taskbar in the Sound and Audio applet. 2) Then copy the following text which is in red into a notepad file and then save it as "fix.reg". Please make sure that there is no .txt extension after that. Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version\Policies\Explorer] "NoSaveSettings"=dword:00000000 [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Curren tVersion\Run] "SystemTray"="SysTray.Exe" 3) Merge the file to the registry by simply double clicking on it. 4) Reboot This should definitely work. Please reply back with the status. Cheers :shared frm internet (bond) 5)Whenever i try d'loading stuff from the net, the download starts and the comp just restarts. due to dis i have to install d'load managers wich i hate. help needed anyone. i have win xp!

If the computer just restarts itself, it cud possibly be an application crash.. check the Dr.watson log for details.. START-RUN- drwtsn32. check the path for the log here... open the log and check which application is causing the crash. turn of automatic reboot,cos you wud miss it if there is a BSOD being generated. or may be u could try this one out Go to Start>Run--Type 'services.msc', hit ENTER

Scroll down to a service called Remote Procedure Call, right click, go to properties, there will be a tab named Recover Action, change it to 'Take No Action' if it's not already selected. Your problem should be solved for the time being. Also look for all network related srvices DNS, TCP-IP and also Windows Firewall/ICS service if you're on LAN/WAN, see that all of these are set to Automatic or Manual. Reply to me with results (david n kumar) 6)I accidentally deleted the Show Desktop icon which sits normally on the bottom left hand corner of the Taskbar. How do I restore the icon? Click Start, Run and type the following command: regsvr32 /n /i:U shell32.dll The Show Desktop icon file should be available now. or Click Start, Run, and type Notepad.exe. Copy the following contents to Notepad. [Shell] Command=2 IconFile=explorer.exe,3 [Taskbar] Command=ToggleDesktop Save the file as - : Show Desktop.scf. Now, drag the file to the

Quick Launch Toolbar. (Notepad might automatically append a .txt extension to the file name. Remove this extension if present.)

Xp Tricks Contd.. More of Dem

Make your folders invicible...:) 1)Right Click on the desktop.Make a new folder 2)Now rename the folder with a space(U have to hold ALT key and type 0160). 3)Now u have a folder with out a name. 4)Right click on the folder>properties>customize. Click on change icon. 5)Scroll a bit, u should find some empty spaces, Click on any one of them. click ok

Easily Disable Messenger

Go into: C:/Program Files/Messenger. Rename the Messenger folder

to "MessengerOFF". Remove Messenger Go to Start/Run, and type: "rundll32 setupapi,InstallHinfSection BLC.Remove 128 %SystemRoot%\INF\msmsgs.inf"

Turn Off Autoplay for Program CDs

How can you stop Windows XP from launching program CDs? Click Start, click Run, type GPEDIT.MSC to open Group Policy in the Microsoft Management Console. Double-click Computer Configuration, double-click Administrative templates, double-click System, and then click Turn off autoplay. The instructions on your screen describe how to configure this setting. Click Properties to display the setting dialog. Click Enabled, and choose CD-ROM drives, then click OK, to stop CD autoplay. This setting does not prevent Autoplay for music CDs.

Change Drive Letters in Windows XP

When you add drives to your computer, such as an extra hard drive, a CD drive, or a storage device that corresponds to a drive, Windows automatically assigns letters to the drives. However, this assignment might not suit your system; for example, you might have mapped a network drive to the same letter that Windows assigns to a new drive. When you want to change drive letters, follow these steps: Right-click My Computer, and then click Manage. Under Computer Management, click Disk Management. In the right pane, you'll see your drives listed. CD-ROM drives are listed at the bottom of the pane. Right-click the drive or device you want to change, and then click Change Drive Letter and Paths. Click Change, click Assign the following drive letter, click the drive letter you want to assign, and then click OK.

Do Not Highlight Newly Installed Programs

Tired of that annoying little window that pops up to tell you that

new software is installed? If it gets in the way when you're logging off, turn it off completely. To do this: Click Start, right-click at the top of the Start menu where your name is displayed, and then click Properties. In the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog box, on the Start Menu tab, click Customize. Click the Advanced tab, and then clear the Highlight newly installed programs check box. Click OK, and then click OK again

Change the Default Opening Folder in Windows Explorer

By default, Windows Explorer opens showing the My Documents folder. To change the default setting so that all top-level drives and folders are shown, follow these steps: Click Start > Programs > Accessories, then right-click Windows Explorer, and click Properties.

Under Target field, which reads %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe, add to make the line read: %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /n, /e, /select, C:\

Close Multiple Windows

If you just opened a number of separate, related windows (a folder inside a folder, and so on), there's an easier way to close them all than one-at-atime: Hold down the shift-key as you click the X caption button in the upper-right corner of the last window opened. Doing so closes that window and all windows that came before it change fat -> ntfs To change ur File system from command prompt type: convert c:/fs:ntfs(ex:'c' is the drive letter)

XPHacking With Windows XP So you have the newest, glitziest, "Fisher Price" version of Windows: XP. How can you use XP in a way that sets you apart from the boring millions of ordinary users? The key to doing amazing things with XP is as simple as D O S. Yes, that's right, DOS as in MS-DOS, as in MicroSoft Disk Operating System. Windows XP (as well as NT and 2000) comes with two versions of DOS. is an old DOS version. Various versions of come with Windows 95, 98, SE, ME, Window 3, and DOS only operating systems. The other DOS, which comes only with XP, 2000 and NT, is cmd.exe. Usually cmd.exe is better than because it is easier to use, has more commands, and in some ways resembles the bash shell in Linux and other Unix-type operating systems. For example, you can repeat a command by using the up arrow until you back up to the desired command. Unlike bash, however, your DOS command history is erased whenever you shut down cmd.exe. The reason XP has both versions of DOS is that sometimes a program that won?t run right in cmd.exe will work in note : m not comparing bash to dos

DOS is your number one Windows gateway to the Internet, and the open sesame to local area networks. From DOS, without needing to download a single hacker program, you can do amazingly sophisticated explorations and even break into poorly defended computers. **************** You can go to jail warning: Breaking into computers is against the law if you do not have permission to do so from the owner of that computer. For example, if your friend gives you permission to break into her Hotmail account, that won't protect you because Microsoft owns Hotmail and they will never give you permission. **************** **************** You can get expelled warning: Some kids have been kicked out of school just for bringing up a DOS prompt on a computer. Be sure to get a teacher's WRITTEN permission before demonstrating that you can hack on a school computer. **************** So how do you turn on DOS? Click All Programs -> Accessories -> Command Prompt That runs cmd.exe. You should see a black screen with white text on it, saying

something like this: Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600] (C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp. C:\> Your first step is to find out what commands you can run in DOS. If you type "help" at the DOS prompt, it gives you a long list of commands. However, this list leaves out all the commands hackers love to use. Here are some of those left out hacker commands. TCP/IP commands: telnet netstat nslookup tracert ping ftp NetBIOS commands (just some examples): nbtstat net use net view net localgroup TCP/IP stands for transmission control protocol/Internet protocol. As you can guess by the name, TCP/IP is the protocol under which the Internet runs. along with user datagram protocol (UDP). So when you are connected to the Internet,

you can try these commands against other Internet computers. Most local area networks also use TCP/IP. NetBIOS (Net Basic Input/Output System) protocol is another way to communicate between computers. This is often used by Windows computers, and by Unix/Linux type computers running Samba. You can often use NetBIOS commands over the Internet (being carried inside of, so to speak, TCP/IP). In many cases, however, NetBIOS commands will be blocked by firewalls. Also, not many Internet computers run NetBIOS because it is so easy to break in using them. I will cover NetBIOS commands in the next article to XP Hacking. The queen of hacker commands is telnet. To get Windows help for telnet, in the cmd.exe window give the command: C:\>telnet /? Here's what you will get: telnet [-a][-e escape char][-f log file][-l user][-t term][host [port]] -a Attempt automatic logon. Same as --l option except uses the currently logged on user's name. -e Escape character to enter telnet cclient prompt. -f File name for client side logging -l Specifies the user name to log in with on the remote system.

Requires that the remote system support the TELNET ENVIRON option. -t Specifies terminal type. Supportedd term types are vt100, vt52, ansi and vtnt only. host Specifies the hostname or IP address of the remote computer to connect to. port Specifies a port number or service name. **************** Newbie note: what is a port on a computer? A computer port is sort of like a seaport. It's where things can go in and/or out of a computer. Some ports are easy to understand, like keyboard, monitor, printer and modem. Other ports are virtual, meaning that they are created by software. When that modem port of yours (or LAN or ISDN or DSL) is connected to the Internet, your computer has the ability to open or close any of over 65,000 different virtual ports, and has the ability to connect to any of these on another computer - if it is running that port, and if a firewall doesn?t block it. **************** **************** Newbie note: How do you address a computer over the Internet? There are two ways: by number or by name. **************** The simplest use of telnet is to log into a remote computer. Give the command:

C:/>telnet (substituting the name of the computer you want to telnet into for If this computer is set up to let people log into accounts, you may get the message: login: Type your user name here, making sure to be exact. You can't swap between lower case and capital letters. For example, user name Guest is not the same as guest. **************** Newbie note: Lots of people email me asking how to learn what their user name and password are. Stop laughing, darn it, they really do. If you don't know your user name and password, that means whoever runs that computer didn't give you an account and doesn't want you to log on. **************** Then comes the message: Password: Again, be exact in typing in your password. What if this doesn't work? Every day people write to me complaining they can't telnet. That is

usually because they try to telnet into a computer, or a port on a computer that is set up to refuse telnet connections. Here's what it might look like when a computer refuses a telnet connection: C:\ >telnet Connecting To not open connection to the host, on port 23. A connection attempt failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of time, or established connection failed because connected host has failed to respond. Or you might see: C:\ >telnet Connecting To not open connection to the host, on port 23. No connection could be made because the target machine actively refused it. If you just give the telnet command without giving a port number, it will automatically try to connect on port 23, which sometimes runs a telnet server. ************** Newbie note: your Windows computer has a telnet client program, meaning it will let you telnet out of it. However you have to install a telnet server before anyone can telnet into port 23 on your computer.

************* If telnet failed to connect, possibly the computer you were trying to telnet into was down or just plain no longer in existence. Maybe the people who run that computer don't want you to telnet into it. Even though you can't telnet into an account inside some computer, often you can get some information back or get that computer to do something interesting for you. Yes, you can get a telnet connection to succeed -without doing anything illegal --against almost any computer, even if you don't have permission to log in. There are many legal things you can do to many randomly chosen computers with telnet. For example: C:/telnet 22 SSH-1.99-OpenSSH_3.4p1 That tells us the target computer is running an SSH server, which enables encrypted connections between computers. If you want to SSH into an account there, you can get a shell account for free at . You can get a free SSH client program from . *************** You can get punched in the nose warning: Your online provider might kick you off

for making telnet probes of other computers. The solution is to get a local online provider and make friends with the people who run it, and convince them you are just doing harmless, legal explorations. ************* Sometimes a port is running an interesting program, but a firewall won't let you in. For example,, a computer on my local area network, runs an email sending program, (sendmail working together with Postfix, and using Kmail to compose emails). I can use it from an account inside to send emails with headers that hide from where I send things. If I try to telnet to this email program from outside this computer, here's what happens: C:\>telnet 25 Connecting To not open connection to the host, on port 25. No connection could be made because the target machine actively refused it. However, if I log into an account on and then telnet from inside to port 25, here's what I get: Last login: Fri Oct 18 13:56:58 2002 from Have a lot of fun... cmeinel@test-box:~> telnet localhost 25 Trying ::1...

telnet: connect to address ::1: Connection refused Trying [Carolyn's note: is the numerical address meaning localhost, the same computer you are logged into] Connected to localhost. Escape character is '^]'. 220 test-box.local ESMTP Postfix The reason I keep this port 25 hidden behind a firewall is to keep people from using it to try to break in or to forge email. Now the ubergeniuses reading this will start to make fun of me because no Internet address that begins with 10. is reachable from the Internet. However, sometimes I place this "testbox" computer online with a static Internet address, meaning whenever it is on the Internet, it always has the same numerical address. I'm not going to tell you what its Internet address is because I don't want anyone messing with it. I just want to mess with other people's computers with it, muhahaha. That's also why I always keep my Internet address from showing up in the headers of my emails. *************** Newbie note: What is all this about headers? It's stuff at the beginning of an email that may - or may not - tell you a lot about where it came from and when. To see full headers, in Outlook click view -> full headers. In Eudora, click the "Blah blah blah" icon.

**************** Want a computer you can telnet into and mess around with, and not get into trouble no matter what you do to it? I've set up my ( with user xyz, password guest for you to play with. Here's how to forge email to using telnet. Start with the command: C:\>telnet 25 Connecting To 220 <> Service ready Now you type in who you want the message to appear to come from: helo will answer: 250 <> host ready Next type in your mail from address: mail 250 Requested mail action okay, completed Your next command: rcpt 250 Requested mail action okay, completed Your next command:

data 354 Start main input; end with <CRLF>.<CRLF> <CRLF> just means hit return. In case you can't see that little period between the <CRLF>s, what you do to end composing your email is to hit enter, type a period, then hit enter again. Anyhow, try typing: This is a test. . 250 Requested mail action okay, completed quit 221 <> Service closing transmission channel Connection to host lost. Using techbroker's mail server, even if you enable full headers, the message we just composed looks like: Status: R X-status: N This is a test. That's a pretty pathetic forged email, huh? No "from", no date. However, you can make your headers better by using a trick with the data command. After you give it, you can insert as many headers as you choose. The trick is easier to show than explain: 220 <> Service ready

helo 250 <> host ready mail 250 Requested mail action okay, completed rcpt 250 Requested mail action okay, completed data 354 Start main input; end with <CRLF>.<CRLF> Date: Mon, 21 Oct 2002 10:09:16 -0500 Subject: Rudolf This is a Santa test. . 250 Requested mail action okay, completed quit 221 <> Service closing transmission channel Connection to host lost. The message then looks like: Date: Mon, 21 Oct 2002 10:09:16 -0500 Subject: Rudolf This is a Santa test. The trick is to start each line you want in the headers with one word followed by a colon, and the a line followed by "return". As soon as you write a line that doesn't begin this way, the rest of what you type goes into the body of the email. Notice that the from the "mail from:"

command didn't show up in the header. Some mail servers would show both "from" addresses. You can forge email on within one strict limitation. Your email has to go to someone at If you can find any way to send email to someone outside techbroker, let us know, because you will have broken our security, muhahaha! Don't worry, you have my permission. Next, you can read the email you forge on via telnet: C:\>telnet 110 +OK <> service ready Give this command: user xyz +OK user is known Then type in this: pass test +OK mail drop has 2 message(s) retr 1 +OK message follows This is a test. If you want to know all possible commands, give this command: help +OK help list follows USER user

PASS password STAT LIST [message] RETR message DELE message NOOP RSET QUIT APOP user md5 TOP message lines UIDL [message] HELP Unless you use a weird online provider like AOL, you can use these same tricks to send and receive your own email. Or you can forge email to a friend by telnetting to his or her online provider's email sending computer(s). With most online providers you need to get the exact name of their email computer(s). Often it is simply (substitute the name of the online provider for targetcomputer). If this doesn't work, you can find out the name of their email server with the DOS nslookup program, which only runs from cmd.exe. Here's an example: C:\ >nslookup Default Server: Address: > set q=mx

> Server: Address: MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = MX preference = 20, mail exchanger = nameserver = nameserver = nameserver = nameserver = nameserver = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = >

The lines that tell you what computers will let you forge email to people with addresses are: MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = MX preference = 20, mail exchanger = MX stands for mail exchange. The lower the preference number, the more they would like you to use that address for email.If that lowest number server is too busy, then try another server. Sometimes when you ask about a mail server, nslookup will give you this kind of error message: DNS request timed out. timeout was 2 seconds. DNS request timed out. timeout was 2 seconds. *** Request to [] timed-out To get around this problem, you need to find out what are the domain servers for your target online provider. A good place to start looking is . If this doesn't work, see for how to find the domain servers for any Internet address.

**************** Newbie note: A domain name server provides information on the names and numbers assigned to computers on the Internet. For example, and contain information on,,, and When you query about other computers, it might have to go hunting for that information from other name servers. That's why you might get a timed out failure. *************** Once you know the domain servers for an online service, set one of them for the server for your nslookup program. Here's how you do it: C:\ >nslookup Default Server: Address: Now give the command: > server Default Server: Address: Next command should be: > set q=mx > Server: Address: MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = MX preference = 5, mail exchanger = nameserver = nameserver = nameserver = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = internet address = > Your own online service will usually not mind and may even be glad if you use telnet to read your email. Sometimes a malicious person or faulty email program will send you a message that is so screwed up that your email

program can't download it. With telnet you can manually delete the bad email. Otherwise tech support has to do it for you. If you think about it, this ability to forge email is a huge temptation to spammers. How can your online provider keep the bad guys from filling up a victim's email box with garbage? The first time a bad guy tries this, probably nothing will stop him or her. The second time the online provider might block the bad guy at the firewall, maybe call the bad guy's online provider and kick him or her and maybe get the bad guy busted or sued. ************** You can go to jail warning: Sending hundreds or thousands of junk emails to bomb someone's email account is a felony in the US. *************** *************** You can get sued warning: Spamming, where you send only one email to each person, but send thousands or millions of emails, is borderline legal. However, spammers have been successfully sued when they forge the email addresses of innocent people as senders of their spam. **************** Now that you know how to read and write email with telnet, you definitely have

something you can use to show off with. Happy hacking! Oh, here's one last goodie for advanced users. Get netcat for Windows. It's a free program written by Weld Pond and Hobbit, and available from many sites, for example . It is basically telnet on steroids. For example, using netcat, you can set up a port on your Windows computer to allow people to telnet into a DOS shell by using this command: C:\>nc -L -p 5000 -t -e cmd.exe You can specify a different port number than 5000. Just make sure it doesn't conflict with another port by checking with the netstat command. Then you and your friends, enemies and random losers can either telnet in or netcat in with the command: C:\>nc -v [ipaddress of target] [port] Of course you will probably get hacked for setting up this port. However, if you set up a sniffer to keep track of the action, you can turn this scary back door into a fascinating honeypot. For example, you could run it on port 23 and watch all the hackers who attack with telnet hoping to log in. With some programming

you could even fake a unix-like login sequence and play some tricks on your attackers.