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Passiflora alata - Passionflow er

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Passiflora alata

4) Tree tomatoes Cyphomandra sp. (Playa Ancha) 5 meter tall yellow tree tomatoes 5) Passion fruit tree with big leaves 2-3 meters tall Passiflora macrophylla* 6) Inca peanuts: Wish list: Fesja-versand 1) Jasmine, chilie 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Stektiketten Plug labels 14 X2 (100 pieces) Indian Mulberry Noni Carombella Custard apple Surinam Cherries

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Passiflora alata - Passionflow er

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Passiflora alata
.- - - ----, ---Pass ionsblu me,Passionflow er Synonym e:Passi flora bras iliana , Pa ssiflora mau ri tiana immergruner, me hrjahriger Ranker mit wechselstandig angeordneten, grol3en, ovalen, tiefgrunen Slattern und ca. 12 em grol3en,intensi v duftend en, herabhang enden ,roten BIUten mit 4-reihigen purpur-weil3 gebandertem Strahlenkranz ,gefolgt von el3baren, bei Reife gelben bis orangef arbenen , ca. 10 em Iangen Fruc hten

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Plukenetia volubliis* Passiflora m acrophylla* Cyphoman dra sp. (Playa Ancha ) Ca rica microcarpa subsp. baccata

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Passi florace ae Pa ssionsblumengewachse South America Climber

Cyphoma ndra sp. red ,reddis h, pale red, (P laya Ancha)

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Zone: Hibernat e: To use as: Toxic:

11 mind . 10-15C Topfgarten ,Wintergarten

Flowering: Fruits: Locations: Rare:

cri mosn, dark red Somm er-Herbst Beer en sun to semi-shade Li!nguages

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Propagation: Pre-Trea e t: tm n Sowing Tim e: Sowing Dee p: Sowing Mix:

Seeds/Cuttings soak ca. 24-48 h in lukewarm water all year round ca. 0,5 em Co ir or sowing mix + sand or perlite

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Germination Tem erat ure: ca. 25"C+ p Loca n: tio G ination erm Ti me : W ate ri ng: Fertiliza tio n: Pes ts: Substra : te C ulture: O ver win rin g: te bright+ keep constantly moist,not wet ca. 2-4 weeks in the growing season regularly wat er weekly 0,2%ig or long-ter m fertilizer Spider mites > especially under glass pot ting soil + sand or perlite hell bei ca. 15-20C + konstant Feucht halten Altere Exemplare hell bei mind . 15- 20C und nur sovi el giel3en, dal3 der Wurzelballen nicht vtillig austrockn et.
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Passiflora alata - Passionflow er


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Passiflora adenopoda
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Passiflora macrophylla* - Passionflower

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Passiflora macrophylla*
,..----. ..----, Baum -Passiflor a,Pas sionsblum ,Tre e P e assionflow er, Passionflow er Synonym e: Passiflo ra gigantifolia, Passiflora lorifera (3 Korn ) immergruner, kle iner Baum bis zu 6 m mit verhol zendem, bleistiftf<ir m1gem Stamm und hang enden,ung elappten, tiefgru nen Slatter n,die eine Lange bis zu 1 m erreichen konnen und nur am Ende des Stammes erscheinen. Die ca. 6 em grol3en weil3en BIGten mit 2- bis 3-relhlgem , leuchte nd gelben Strahlenkra nz ersc heinen an bis zu 25 em Iangen Blutenstiinden mit bis zu 12 Einzelbluten, gefolgt von run dl ichen, ca. 4 em grol3en FrOchten Evergreen: Fragr ance: Flower: Flowerin g: Fruits: Locations: Rare: white,cream-whi te Bee ren sun to semi-shade ves yes

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Passiflora ala ta Plukenetla volub1is* i Cyphomandra sp. (Playa Ancha) Carica mlcrocarpa subsp. baccata

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S cbd te k n Family: Origin: Group: Zon e: Hibernate: To use as: Toxic:

Passifloraceae Passionsblumengewachse South America Tree 1 1 mind. 15C Topfgarten, Wintergar ten

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Cyphomandra sp. (Playa Ancha)

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Seeds/ Cuttings/Layer soak ca. 24-48 h in lukewarm water all year round ca. 0,5 em Co ir or sowing mix + sand or perlite e: ca. 25C + bright + keep constan tly moist ,not wet ca. 3-6 weeks in the growing season richly water weekly 0,2%ig or long- term fertilizer Spider mites > especially und er glass pott ing soil + sand or perlite hell bei ca. 15-200C + konsta nt feu cht halten. Older specimens bright at approx. 15-2 0C, and according to ambient temp erature always just so much to water that the root ball not dries out. Wednesday28 March 20 12 Chck to enlarge

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Germ ination Tem peratur Location: G ination erm Ti me: W atering: F rtilizatio n: e Pes ts: S ubstrate: C ultu re : Overw terin g: in

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Passiflora malacophylla

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Passiflora macrophylla* - Passionflower


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Plukenelia volubilis*- Fruit & Useful Plants, P

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Plukeneti a volubilis*
.- --- ---, Ticaz o, In ca Peanu t, Sa cha Inchi, Sacha Peanu t, Mou ntain Peanut
(5 Korn ) starkw uchs1ger, laubabwerfender, krautig er Ranker m it wechselstandi g angeordneten, langgesti elten, bis zu 12 em Iang en und 10 em br eiten, ovalen bis herzfor m1gen , oberse its

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glanzend tiefgrOnen, am Rand gesagten Slatt ern mit autfalliger Nervatur. Die kleinen BIOten erscheinen in den Blat tachseln, mannl iche, weiBe BIOten in aufrechten Ahren, 2 violettfarbene n,

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Euphor biaceae Wolfsmilchgewa chse South America Climber 12 mind . 10C Topfgarten, Wintergarten

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Propagation: Pre-T reatm en t: Sowing Tim e: So wi ng Dee p: So wi ng Mi x:

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Seeds/Cuttings scarify/roughen + soak ca. 24 h in lukewarm water all year rou nd ca. 1-2 em Coir or sowing mix + sand or perlite

Germ inatio n T peratu em Locat io n : Germ ina tion Tim e: W atering: Fertilizat ion: Pests: S bstrat e: u Cu l tur e: Over wi nterin g :

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bright + keep constantly moist, not wet ca. 3-6 weeks in the growing season richly water weekly 0,2 %ig or long-term fertil izer Spider mi tes > especially under glass humo s, adic soil or Rhododendron substrate + sand or perlite hell bei mind . 15-20C + konstant Ieicht feuc ht halten Older specim ens bright at approx. 10C , and just so much to water that the root ball not dries out complet ely .
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L< st seen Passiflo ra macrophylla* Passif lora alata Cyp hom andra sp. (Playa Ancha) Carica microca rpa subsp. baccata

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Last seen P fukene tia volub1lis* Passif f ora macrophylla * Passirtora ala ta C arica microcarpa subsp . bacca ta

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Origin: Gro up: Zone: To use as:

Na chtschatten gewa chse South Ame rica Shrub

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yes whit e, cream-whi te FrOhJahr-Sommer sun to semi-shade

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Seeds/Cut tings 0 all year round > spring pref erred cover only slightly with substrate Coir or sowing mix + sand or perlite e: ca. 25C bright + keep constantly moist, not wet ca. 2-4 weeks in the gro wing season richly water weekly 2%ig or long- term fertilizer Snail s, White fly, Spider mites > esp ecially under glass pot ting soil + sand or perlite hell bei ca. 10-15C + konstant Feucht halten Altere Exem plare hell bei ca. 5-10C und nur soviet giel3en, dal3 der Wur:zelballen nicht vi illig austrocknet.
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Common Name Family Synonyms Known Hazards

Tree Tomato Solanaceae C. crassicaulis. (Ortega.)Kuntze.

The unripe fruit is slightly toxic[200]. Dry soils at forest margins[200]. Open forests at medium to high altitudes[260]. S. America - Peru.

Habitats

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Owoce_Tamarillo.jpg

Range Edibility Rating Medicinal Rating Care Summary

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas

Physical Characteristics

Cyphomandra betacea is an evergreen Tree growing to 5 m (16ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It cannot grow in the shade.It requires moist soil.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit. Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[3, 46, 61]. The flavour can vary considerably from tree to tree, the best forms are juicy and sub-acid, they are eaten out of hand, added to salads, used in preserves, jams, jellies etc[183, 196]. The fruit contains about 150 IU vitamin A per 100g, 25mg vitamin C, it is rich in vitamin E and iron but low in carbohydrate[196]. Fruits are 4 - 10cm long and 3 - 5cm wide[196].

Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

Other Uses
None known

Cultivation details
Succeeds in a sunny position in any well-drained soil[196, 200]. Prefers a light fertile soil[196]. Dislikes drought[196]. Plants are very prone to wind damage[196]. They fruit best with a temperature range of 16 22c in the growing season[196]. The tree tomato is cultivated for its edible fruit in sub-tropical and tropical zones[46, 61], there are some named varieties[183]. It is not winter hardy in Britain, though it can be pot grown outdoors in the summer and brought into a warmer place for the winter[3]. It requires a minimum winter temperature of 10c for best fruit production but it is hardy to about -2c[3, 196]. Trees produce about 20 kg of fruit a year, yields of 15 - 17 tonnes per hectare are achieved in New Zealand[196]. Plants are probably insensitive to day-length[196]. Very fast growing, it starts to fruit within two years from seed[200] and reaches peak production in 3 - 4 years[196]. Trees are, however, short-lived - the life of a commercial plantation is about 8 years[196]. This species does not hybridize easily with other members of the genus[196]. Plants have a shallow spreading root system and resent surface hoeing, they are best given a

good mulch[196]. Plants usually ripe their fruit over a period of time, though pruning methods can be used to produce a peak time of fruiting[196]. The leaves have a pungent smell[196]. Plants are subject to attacks by red spider mites.

Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. The seed usually germinates within 4 weeks at 15c[K], within 2 weeks at 25c[164]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of greenwood in a frame[200].

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Botanical References
200

Links / References
[K] Ken Fern Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.

[3]Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. A very readable book with information on about 100 species that can be grown in Britain (some in greenhouses) and details on how to grow and use them. [46]Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader. [61]Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader. [164]Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum. [183]Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world. [196]Popenoe. H. et al Lost Crops of the Incas An excellent book. Very readable, with lots of information and good pictures of some lesser known food plants of S. America. [200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed. [260]Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Excellent photos of over 1,100 species and cultivars with habits and cultivation details plus a few plant uses. Many species are too tender for outdoors in Britain though there are many that can be grown outside.

Readers comment

Elizabeth H. Mon Feb 27 2006 do they take heat? do they really taste like tomatoes? Elizabeth H. tetty chaidamsari Tue Aug 15 2006 where can I found the cyphomandra betacea tree in Indonesia Elizabeth H. Muhammad Ali Sat Sep 1 2007 sir i m n need of literature in the form of publications of tree tomato. my job is to micropropagate tree tomato. Elizabeth H. steve jackson Wed Sep 19 2007 I have recently had to visit a job i was doing east of Canterbury (in the UK close to Sturry) where on the first occasion, whilst driving I noticed something strange growing in the sparce hedgerow. purpleish young and herbacous. I couldnt stop as the road wouldnt allow it but I had to revisit this job 3 occasions more through the growing season and everytime i looked for this plant and noticed lovely purple flowers in late spring, green fruits in summer and recently these have turned orange. The very first time i saw this plant I new it must be related to the nightshade, tomato, Solanum but none of my wild flower books had anything about it. I gave myself a little extra time and parked some 500 yards away in a farm shop and walked to collect some fruit and ultimatley seeds. I can only imagine that its quite an unusual find in Kent. I hope to use the seeds to grow next spring, well worth it as it would look great with other tropical looking plants. interesting to learn that it fruits in its second year so must of survived a mild winter allready. Elizabeth H. Irma L.H. Sinaga Fri Aug 1 2008 that's my research and i love it. tree tomato in Bataknesee is "tiung". It's so delicious so delicious fruit

Elizabeth H. Gaian Sun Aug 31 2008 I started a Cyphomandra Betaceae from seed in March indoors in a pot. By June (3 months later) it was covered in flowers which I 'tickled' to pollinate. Fruits are still forming (August), and there are loads of them (at least 100) on a plant that is about 3ft high, very leggy and in a fairly small pot. I popped it outside hoping for a decent summer (UK 2008) and it got badly bent by the high winds this year, but even the shoots that got bent double are still developing the fruits nicely. Whether we ever get enough of a summer to actually ripen them is another matter!

Passiflora actinia - Hook.


Common Name Family Synonyms Known Hazards Habitats Range Edibility Rating Medicinal Rating Care Summary
None known Not known S. America Brazil. Passion Flower Passifloraceae

Physical Characteristics

Passiflora actinia is an evergreen Climber growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender. It is in

leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Sep to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It cannot grow in the shade.It requires moist soil.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit. Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[262]. The fruit has a very fragrant pulp[262].

Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

Other Uses
This species can possibly be used as a rootstock for species such as P. alata and P. quadrangularis. It should confer greater hardiness and also have a dwarfing effect on the grafted plants[262].

Cultivation details
Plants are tolerant of temperatures that occasionally go down to about -5c for short periods and so can possibly be grown outdoors in the mildest areas of the country. The top growth will be killed by the cold, but so long as the root is well mulched and is in a very well-drained soil, it should grow back in the spring[262]. The plant is very suitable for growing in pots in a conservatory or even in a south-facing window[262]. Plants produce tendrils and climb by attaching these to other plants. If fruit is required, specially when the plant is growing indoors, it is best to hand pollinate using pollen from a flower that has been open for 12 hours to pollinate a newly opened flower before midday[88, 200]. The flowers open in sunny weather and do not open on dull cloudy days[219]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[202]. Any pruning is best carried out in the spring[219]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation
Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. If sown in January and grown on fast it can flower and fruit in its first year[88]. The seed germinates in 1 - 12 months at 20c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. It you are intending to grow the plants outdoors, it is probably best to keep them in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Mulch the roots well in late autumn to protect them from the cold. Cuttings of young shoots, 15cm with a heel, in spring[1]. Leaf bud cuttings in spring. Cuttings of fully mature wood in early summer. Takes 3 months. High percentage[3].

Expert comment

Author
Hook.

Botanical References

Links / References

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]). [3]Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. A very readable book with information on about 100 species that can be grown in Britain (some in greenhouses) and details on how to grow and use them. [88]RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Snippets of information from the magazine of the RHS. In particular, there are articles on plants that are resistant to honey fungus, oriental vegetables, Cimicifuga spp, Passiflora species and Cucurbits. [200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed. [202]Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Contains information on 2,000 species and cultivars, giving details of cultivation requirements. The text is terse but informative. [219]Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls A nice little book about plants for growing against walls and a small section on plants that can grow in walls. [262]Vanderplank. J. Passion Flowers An excellent book on passion flowers, giving information on hardy species and how to grow the less hardy in greenhouses etc. A bit lacking at times on specific information on hardyness. Excellent photographs.
Readers comment

Elizabeth H. Christian Tue May 6 2008 Passionflower has medicinal uses: may be benefical in treatment of muscle cramps sedates the central nervous system useful in treatment for depressions alleviates nervousness assists in treatments of asthma, coughs and whooping cough may alleviate male infertility
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Pulkenetia volubilis
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Plukenetia volubilis

Fruit of Plukenetia volubilis, Ecuador

Scientific classification Kingdom: (unranked): (unranked): (unranked): Order: Family: Subfamily: Tribe: Subtribe: Genus: Species: Plantae Angiosperms Eudicots Rosids Malpighiales Euphorbiaceae Acalyphoideae Plukenetieae Plukenetiinae Plukenetia P. volubilis Binomial name Plukenetia volubilis
L.

Plukenetia volubilis, commonly known as Sacha Inchi, Sacha Peanut, Mountain Peanut or Inca-Peanut, is a perennial plant with somewhat hairy leaves, in the Euphorbiaceae. It is native to the Amazon Rainforest, where it has been cultivated by indigenous people for centuries, and will grow in warm climates up to altitudes of 1,700 meters (5,500 feet) as long as there continued availability of water and good drainage. It grows better in acidic soils, frank and alluvial flats near rivers. The plant reaches a height of 2 m (6' 6"), with alternate, heart shaped, serrated leaves, 10 to 12 cm long (4"-4.7") and 8 to 10 cm (3.1-3.9") wide, that have petioles 26 cm (0.8-2.3") long. It flowers five months after being planted, and bears seeds around the eighth month. The male flowers are small, white, and arranged in clusters. Two female flowers are located at the base of the inflorescence. In tropical locations it often is a vine requiring support and producing seeds nearly year-round. The fruits are capsules of 3 to 5 cm in diameter with 4 to 7 points, are green and ripen blackish brown. On ripening the fruits contain a soft black wet pulp that is messy and inedible, so are normally left to dry on the plant before harvest. By two years of age, often up to one hundred dried fruits can be harvested at a time, giving 400 to 500 seeds a few times a year. Fruit capsules usually consist of four to five lobes, but some may have up to seven. Inside are the seeds, oval, dark-brown, 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter and 45 to 100 grams of weight. The cotyledons are open, similar to those of almonds, and covered with a whitish film. Raw seeds are inedible, but roasting after shelling makes them very palatable. The seeds of Inchi have high protein (27%) and oil (35 - 60%) content. Its oil is one of the largest plant sources of the Omega family of fatty acids, an essential for human life. It contains Omega 3 (48%), Omega 6 (36%), Omega 9 (9%), and protein (27%). They are also rich in iodine and vitamin A andvitamin E.

[edit]Modern

uses

Plukenetia volubilis (Sacha Inchi) Euphorbiaceae Peru

Sacha Inchi oil production is increasing in the Peruvian Amazon and is gaining international recognition for its taste and health properties. In June 2007, Sacha Inchi oil won the Mdaille d'or (Gold Medal) at the

AVPA Specialty Foods Commodities competition.[1][dead link] Sacha Inchi has been called a super food because of its high content of essential fatty acids. The oil has a mild flavour, not bitter, with a nutty finish. With new research emphasizing the health benefits of Omega fatty acids, interest in sustainable sources of Omega is increasing. Sacha Inchi oil is used in vegetarian diets to provide a plant source for Omega-3 fatty acids. Humanitarian group Oxfam and a group called SEPAR are collaborating to develop techniques for growing Sacha Inchi. Used as a cash crop, Sacha Inchi is bringing money to rural areas and allowing indigenous groups like the Ashaninka to stay in villages.[2] Also, the Sacha Inchi seed has been marketed under the name SaviSeed[3] as a health food snack due to its high concentration of Omega-3 and complete proteins[dubious discuss].

[edit]References

1. 2. 3.

^ http://en.specialtycommodities.org/huile.php ^ Hufstader, Chris (Winter 2009). "Looking to Sacha Inchi for their future". Oxfam

Exchange 9 (1): 23. ^ "SaviSeed by Sequel Naturals". Retrieved 2011-09-10.

[edit]External

links

Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis, Euphorbiaceae): A Promising Oilseed Crop from Peruvian

Amazon

Biodiversity International: Species Database USDA Agricultural Research Service Taxonomy The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project Guillen D. Maria, et al. "Characterization of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubi L.) by FTIR

Spectroscopy and 1H NMR. Comparison with Linseed Oil." Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 2003.