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# Antimatter

José Luís Pereira Rebelo Fernandes rebelofernandes@sapo.pt http://rebelofernandes.com

After the development of all the previous theories, deduced to leave, of relativity where the space not curve, I think to be now in conditions to approach the antimatter concept. Of all the theories so far published is that it presents me with less consistency, "a level of positive energy and a hole in a basic level of negative energy "????????????. Although not adequately studied the physics of particles, so consider this article provisional.

Introduction:

So that if it perceives with bigger easiness, the antimatter concept, I go to underline some of the thoughts developed in the previous theories. New law of the universal variable gravitation.

The space not curve, therefore the potential Universal base created by the radiation of the Universal mass is unalterable. What we find is zones of the space with different local gravitational potential, that happen on the great potential of Universal radiation, the space. We can, to say then, that the existences if dislocate in overlapping potentials to the Universal potential, that is are dislocated in the space. All the local gravitational potential happens in the space. The space is always three-dimensional. The share of the local potential, on the existences, is that in the ones of a idea of the deformation of the space, but it is not its deformation, but yes an event on the space, this Universal gravitational potential constant, .

Structural thought.

In my perspective the gravitational potential, is constituted by the local pure potential

, limited

for the share of all the Universal mass. As that it was the pressure that the radiation of the mass/Universal energy, it exerts on the local mass, hindering its pure radiation, that is U =

.

Where would be then the inhibiting factor, provoked for the Universal masses/energies, of the local pure radiation. Space. The Universal potential is constant, with the value of is from there that it comes, the three-dimensional and homogeneous dimension of the space. The constancy of the local Universal potential, in any place of the Universe, completely originates a density of always constant potential in the Universe becoming it homogeneous. The space, is Universal gravitational potential .

The local variable gravitational potential, gets excited for form, to keep the place, inside of the space. Everything is transferred in the space. As if, the potential created by the pure radiation of the universal mass, was the stadium, on which they live and they survive, the individual masses. The proper black hole meets in the space. If this radiates/creates gravity in the space, could only be in it. The introduced disturbance is in the overlapped local potential to the space, that is inside of the space.

The new magnetic permeability of the vacuum variable.

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As already we saw, in the distance between the celestial body it increases, with the increase of the ray of the Universe. Of the calculation of value of the gravitational potential variable, it is verified that the share of the interior field, (Universe), sufficiently has weight in the value of the gravitational potential. In the expression of the electric potential, given the existence, in the expression, of the dielectric constant of the vacuum, so far considered constant, it leads to think that the field will be of the same type of the found one for the gravity. An electric load Universal will have therefore to exist, capable to provoke the appearance of – magnetic permeability of the vacuum.

Coming back the Dirac, which was the first one to foresee the antimatter, when of the study of the production and destruction of pairs. “The theory of Dirac foresees that the values allowed for the relativity total energy of a free electron are:

E=±

Where, is the mass of rest of electron. These energies are simply the solutions to: =± , but the solution with the negative signal corresponds to a total energy relativity refusal - a so strange concept to the relativity mechanics how much to the classic mechanics. Instead of simply playing outside the negative part alleging that it has not felt physicist, Dirac explored the result of the complete equation. …………………………………. When making this, arrived the very interesting conclusions. If the continuous of negative energies exists, all the free electrons of positive energy could suffer transitions for these levels, followed for the emission of photon with appropriate energy. This obviously, is not in accordance with the experience, because in general, is not observed, no spontaneous emission of photon with energy h√ ≥ 2 , on the part of free electrons. . However, Dirac designated that this difficulty could be removed by the hypothesis of that all the negative levels of energy are normally busy in each point of the space. In accordance with this assumption, the vacuum consists of a sea of electrons in negative levels of energy. This is not in disagreement with the experience. For example the load in negative level could not be detected, therefore it assumes that it uniformly is distributed and therefore she cannot exert force on a loaded body. For example the load in negative level could not be detected, therefore it assumes that it uniformly is distributed and therefore she cannot exert no force on a loaded body. ……………” (in the book - Física Quântica – Átomos, Moléculas, Sólidos, Núcleos e Partículas – Eisberg e Resnick – pag.74)

**Dirac said: “The vacuum consists of a sea of electrons in negative levels of energy”.
**

Until the present o not yet any electron in negative level of energy was found, for what the causer of this characteristic of the vacuum will not have to be its existence. It will be this electric load, provoked for the pure radiation of the Universal substance, given its electromagnetic characteristic, therefore as we know the radiation has crepuscular and electromagnetic nature? It could well be a characteristic of the pure radiation of matter, originating from the Universal electric load, therefore as we know the radiation, it has electromagnetic nature originating an electric field.

**Of the bending of the time under the share of a gravitational field.
**

As we saw is the speed of the masses and the density of pure potential of the mass, in the place, that determines the bending of the time. Here he is of new the pure radiation of mass to dictate the rules. Here they are the mechanical characteristics of the vacuum produced by, pure radiation of universal mass, associated to the pure radiation of local mass.

The antimatter.

The perception of Dirac is simply notable.

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This is without a doubt, plus one strong indication of the veracity of my theory of the pure radiation of the mass, wants in its electromagnetic nature wants crepuscular, as structural base of our Universe. It is this pure radiation of the universal mass, that creates the levels, of energy negative, wants electric wants of mass. In the same way that if it verifies the production of electric pairs, also pairs of mass will be produced. The process results of the production of an element (positron, anti-proton, etc) in a level of positive energy and of an elementary hole in a negative level of energy. It can be demonstrated, that a hole in the negative level has all the mechanical and electric properties of an element with positive load. The memory of the elementary characteristics of the components of matter is printed in this pure radiation of the universal mass. The spontaneous appearance of each one of the elements is natural, since that let us have in presence high energies. The elements composites already will be more difficult to appear. As:

=

= =

+

= =

=

+

+

=

=

+

2 2

2

**The energy of the antimatter.
**

Shock of the photon with a mass/energy, capable to generate its anti- ......:

=±

≥2

1

2

2

**- Moment in our referential.
**

=

≥2

1

1

=

≤

And:

≤

=±

2 2

1

2 2

2

2

2

≥ ≥

3 4

=±

2

4

1

2

2

In the case of pairs, when the photon passes through the matter.

3

=±

1

2

2

2

4

=±

José Luís Pereira Rebelo Fernandes

Porto, 1/1/09

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