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Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance

SEA Initiative on Tobacco tax (SITT)


Ulysses Dorotheo, MD, FPAO
Technical Consultation on Tobacco Taxation 14-15 June 2012 * Manila
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank( ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

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SEATCA
Mission: Working together to save lives by

g p accelerating effective implementation of the FCTC in ASEAN

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FCTC Article 6
1. The Parties recognize that price and tax measures are an effective and important means of reducing tobacco consumption by various segments of th population, i particular young persons. t f the l ti in ti l 2. Without prejudice to the sovereign right of the Parties to determine and establish their taxation policies, each Party should policies take account of its national health objectives concerning tobacco control and adopt or maintain, as appropriate, measures which may include: c ude (a) implementing tax policies and, where appropriate, price policies, on tobacco products so as to contribute to the health objectives aimed at reducing tobacco consumption; and (b) prohibiting or restricting, as appropriate, sales to and/or importations by international travellers of tax- and duty-free tobacco products products.
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Nominal cigarettes prices in ASEAN, 2011


USD

SEA Initiative on Tobacco Tax (SITT)


5 5-year project f d d b the Bill and j t funded by th d Melinda Gates Foundation

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SEA Initiative on Tobacco Tax (SITT)


Lao PDR Tax Vietnam Tax Cambodia

SITT-Region
-Technical assistance -Studies template -Training for tax officers g p - Regional workshop - Study visit for policy makers - Program management - Program evaluation

Tax

Philippines Tax

- SEATCA model to other regions

Indonesia I d i Tax

Indonesia Packs

SITT Team Country Partners y


Cambodia LaoPDR Indonesia Philippines Vietnam
WHOCambodia TobaccoControlTaskForce p DepartmentofTax UIFacultyofEconomics y UIFacultyofPublicHealth HealthJustice HealthBridge WHOVietnam VINACOSH
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Advocacy strategies y g
Government and NGO collaboration Building and sharing evidence Strategic technical St t i t h i l support t Addressing TI interference

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Advocacy strategies y g
Government and NGO collaboration Building and sharing evidence Strategic technical St t i t h i l support t Addressing TI interference

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KH: General Dept of Taxation, MOEF


SITT research collaboration Tobacco Tax Working Group set up by MOEF

ID: MOH/MOF, LGU, CSOs, academe / , , ,


Use of 2% earmarked tobacco taxes

WHO-WPRO and ThaiHealth re g sustainable funding mechanisms Study visits to Thailand, Malaysia, g p Singapore
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Advocacy strategies y g
Government and NGO collaboration Building and sharing evidence Strategic technical St t i t h i l support t Addressing TI interference

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Tobacco Tax Report Cards


6 country report cards ASEAN report card

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Research on Affordability and Modeling the Impact of Tax Increases

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Decreasing RIPs* = increasing affordability

*Relative Income Price = % of per capita GDP needed to purchase 100 cigarette packs

Philippines: Taxing Health Risks

Cambodia: NATSC 2011


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Sustainable funding for tobacco control and health promotion


ThaiHealth, ThaiHealth 2009
2010 income: $100M

Now also: public broadcasting, public education

Advocacy strategies y g
Government and NGO collaboration Building and sharing evidence Strategic technical St t i t h i l support t Addressing TI interference

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VN: addressing concerns of MOF officials about raising taxes and smuggling PH: disseminating evidence in Congress on sin tax reforms and tobacco farming

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Advocacy strategies y g
Government and NGO collaboration Building and sharing evidence Strategic technical St t i t h i l support t Addressing TI interference

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LA: responding to TI complaint letter re additional specific tax


employment, industry losses, and smuggling

PH: media advocacy


pro-health, pro economy, pro-poor, propro health, pro-economy, pro poor, pro labor p p pro-reform opinions from National Youth Commission, WB, WHO, in addition to usual TC groups
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Future steps p
Tobacco and trade
SEATCA research re trade flow, FTAs, FDI WPRO forum, 25-27 July 2012

FCTC Article 6 guidelines


COP-5, Seoul, 12-17 Nov 2012 COP 5, 12 17

Tobacco taxation and ASEAN Economic Community


Regional forum in 2013
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Thank you y

Email: ulysses@seatca.org

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