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Manuel Acuna Roxas

-Americans to give P620 M for the reconstruction of Philippine structures bridges and roads -granting of equal rights to Filipino and American citizens to develop and exploit the natural resources of the Philippines -passed by the US Congress specifying the economic conditions governing the independence of the Philippines from US -extended free trade for 8 years (20 yrs. increasing tariff)

-70-30 ratio of ownership between the worker and the land owner ty of General Relations -Philippines as a member of the United Nations

for all collaborators -(JUSMA) Joint Us Military Advisory Group t-peso was pegged to dollar -communist 2. Elpidio Rivera Quirino - Management Advisory Board -Foster Agreement -P200M to loan the Philippines -extend loans to farmers and to facilitate marketing of agricultural products -rural banks were opened to help farmers obtain agricultural loans -help the needy and the poor -weekly report to the public through radio program -set the daily weages of laborers, teachers and other public employees -2 governments undertook separately and joined by self-help and mutual aid to maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack

-indigenous manufacturers were given a chance to develop their industries without facing crippling competition from US firms.

-to-Market roads" -improving the road systems - pagtindig ng mga lokal na mamumunuhan mula sa kanilang mga negosyo -disarming of military and civilian guards in Centrasl Luzon in exchange for the registration and surrender of the weapons


Ramon Magsaysay
Land Reform Act of 1955 Laurel Langley Agreement Anti-Subversion Law National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) Southeast Asian Treaty Organization Nationalization of the Retailing Business Livelihood Programs Farmer's Cooperative Marketing Association (FACOMA) Philippines-Japan Reparations Agreement Economic Development Corporation (EDCOR) Magna Carta of Labor Social Secutiry System Rigid Import Controls Harnessing of Ma. Cristina Falls Rogers Veterans Bill (Veterans Hospital) 5-Year Economic Development Plan Agricultural Tenancy Act Agricultural Credit & Cooperative Financing Administration (ACCFA) Pacific Charter for economic betterment Presidential Assistant for Community Development

Carlos P. Garcia
Austerity Program National Marketing Corporation Industrial Dispersal Policy Illigan Integrated Mill Bayanihan Dance Troupe Filipino First Policy Retailer's Act of 1955 Cultural Revival Anti-Huk Policy Republic Cultural Awards Association of Southeast Asia (ASA)

President Diosdado Macapagal

Advantages Rural Health Law Rural Bank Law Minimum Wage Law Barrio Industrialization Law

Disadvantages Devalued the Peso First to borrow from IMF and World Bank The Philippines became a 3rd World

Ferdinand Marcos o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o

Law on Barrio Councils Law on Nationalizing Rice and Corn ACCFA NACIDA Agricultural Land Reform Code Land Bank of the Philippines Decontrol Policy Abolished the kasama Lifted foreign exchange and reduced tariff Creation of 8 regional legislatures Miracle Rice Tenement Housing Philippine Veterans Bank Moved Independence Day to June 12 Fought for the rights on Sabah Island Abolished system of billing the land MAPHILINDO Immediate restoration of economic stability Alleviation of the common mans plight Champion of the Masses Placed the Peso in the free currencyexchange market Emergency Employment Administration Philippine National Cooperative Bank Agricultural Extension Service Martial Law Decontrol Policy Agrarian Reform Program (Masagana 99) Infrastructure Build-up Liberalized Free Trade Gave farmers technology and financial aid Philippines became producers and exporters of rice GDP rose Declared Martial Law Agrarian Extension Service North Diversion Road Progress in agriculture, industry and education Urged the revitalization of the judiciary, the national defense posture and the fight against smuggling, criminality and graft and corruption in the govt Mobilized man power and resources of the AFP Curfew should be maintained throughout the Philippines

Country Import-Export problem Sick-man of Asia

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Cronyism Intensified Tax Collection Borrowed more money from IMF and World Bank, thus increasing foreign debt Nepotism Salad dressed the country (looked good for visitors, but is really suffering and rotten) Declared Martial Law Freedom of speech was prohibited Decreased investors in the Philippines Suspension of the writ of habeas corpus Very Sick-Man of Asia

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KADIWA Construction of LRT Construction of the San Juanico Bridge Green Revolution Military campaigns against CNDA and Moro insurgents Shrank unemployment rate Bagong Lipunan Heightened tourism Pampanga as a land reform area Reduced mortality rate of babies Improved foreign relations Declared the whole country as land reform area during Martial Law Transfer of ownership of lands cultivated by tenant farmers Support of family planning NCEE of incoming college students Freed tenant farmers from 450 years of tenancy Philippine Medicare Act Proclamation of the 1973 Constitution Reconstruction of 2000 industries Building of 80,000 classrooms Presidential Decree No. 27 Biyagang Dagat (Blue Revolution) Kilusang Kabuhayan at Kaunlaran Heart/Lung center in PGH National Grains Authority Self-sufficiency program Pan-Philippine Highway National Movement for free Election Board of Apprenticeship National Seaman Board Overseass Employment Development Board Presidential Commitment Order or Preventive Detention Action Lung Center of the Philippines Kidney Institue of the Philippines Philippine Heart Center for Asia Housing programs through PAG-IBIG Philippine Labor Code Back to Basics Program General Order at letter of Intent Constitutional Convention of 1970 PLEDGES Peoples Assembly Barangay Philippine Civic Action Group Philippines joined ASEAN Bataan Power Plant National Economic Development Authority


Geothermal Plant in Tiwi, Albay

Maria Corazon Cojuangco - Aquino

People's Power Asias first female president Established a revolutionary government under a provisionary Freedom Constitution pending the adoption of a permanent, democratically-drafted constitution Aquinos government appointed fifty-member Constitutional Commission which created one of the worlds most lengthy and detailed constitutions, the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines. Lifted the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus and freed political prisoners

Family Code of 1987

Presidential Proclamation 131 and Executive Order 229 outlined the Presidents land reform program, and expanded land reform to sugar lands. Republic Act No. 6657 (Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law) authorized the redistribution of agricultural lands to tenant-farmers from landowners, who were paid in exchange by the government just compensation and allowed to retain not more than five hectares of land Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program RAM (Reform of AFP Program) Privatization Selling government corporations to private individuals Value Added Tax Presidential Pamabansang Programa nang Turismo Opened Malacanang to the Filipino People Closed Batasang Pambansa National Reconciliation and Development Program The presence of US military bases came to an end Community Employment and Development Program

Fidel Valdez Ramos

1992-1998 o Philippines 2000 o the socio-economic program which has the plan envisioning the Philippines achieving Newlyindustrialized country status by the year 2000. o Emphasizes for the rebels who are willing to surrender, to achieved the real peace and order in the country. o He intensified to complete the Program such as; school buildings, roads and bridges, country wide development, country's infrastructure program for Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao and inviting foreign investors to put up business in the country to help the Filipino People. o A peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front, a major separatist group fighting for an independent homeland in Mindanao, was signed in 1996, ending the 24-year old struggle. However, an MNLF fragment group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front continued the armed struggle for an Islamic state. Economic revitalization plan o premised on three policies: o government deregulation o increased private investment, and o political solutions to the continuing insurgencies within the country. National Reconciliation as his highest priority Philippines became a tiger economy in Asia Imported power barges and other power generating infrastructures Believes in globalization General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Magna Carta for OFWs World Trade Organization Extended Value Added Tax

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Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas De-loaded the government of managerial activities Fisheries Code During his time, the Department of Energy was created to solve electricity shortage Advocated economic reforms and sustainable development through liberalization, deregulation of important industries, free trade and entrepreneurship Pursued peace through the reestablishment of peace negotiations with various rebel groups Philippine centennial celebration The Legislative Executive Development Council was created through Republic Act No. 7640 Honest Orderly and Peaceful Election (HOPE) Philippines as a member of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) National Unification Commission Strengthening of Republic Act No. 7659 (death sentence)

Joseph Ejercito Estrada

1998-2001 Completion of Land Acquisition and Distribution (LAD) Further Augmentation of the Agrarian Reform Fund Speedy Resolution of Land Reform Legal Cases Enactment of an Appropriate Land and Water Use Law Effective Prohibition of Land Reform Reversals Intensification of Agrarian Reform Beneficiary Development (ARBD) Consolidation of Existing Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs) Expansion of Rural Development Intervention in Non-ARC Areas Improvement of Coordination Between DAR and DA (Department of Agriculture) Better Management and Increase of Foreign-Assisted Projects Encouragement of Joint-Venture Business Arrangements Between Farmers and Agribusiness Firms. Promotion of Democratic Agrarian Reform (DAR) Estrada waged an all-out war against the separatist Moro Islamic Liberation Front in Central Mindanao, which displaced half a million people. Angat 2004 Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) Erap Para Sa Mahirap/ Poverty Alleviation Program National Housing Authority Protection of the indigenous Filipino Movie Workers Welfare Association Presidential Anti-Organized Crime Task Force Irrigation Act (Republic Act No. 6978) No Ransom Policy CDF removal of pork barrel NFA rice Visiting Forces Agreement Changed Dangerous Drug Act Angat Pinoy 2004 Jeep ni Erap Secondary Education Development Improvement Project (SEDIP) Free increase of the price of agricultural products