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# The Art of the Subnet Cheat Sheet And Other Subnetting Tips & Tricks

As I've grown older, I've grown less tolerant of memorizing useless information. After hearing people talk of memorizing a subnetting "cheat sheet," to help on Cisco exams, my thought was I would just memorize the formulas and do the math instead of memorizing yet more useless information. However, that mistake became painfully obvious as I failed the Cisco INTRO exam because I ran out of time before I was finished with the test. And because I scored over 700 points on what I did complete, I'm reasonably sure I would have passed if I had been able to complete all of the questions. When I first started doing subnetting, I was actually doing boolean AND operations, and to figure out the proper subnet mask, I was writing out the netmask in binary and converting it to decimal. While I'm sure it is good to know all of that, Cisco let a nugget of truth slip out in its CCNA Self-Study ICND Exam Certification Guide (emphasis added): Using the binary math required to find the subnet number and broadcast address really does help you understand subnetting to some degree. To get the correct answers faster on the exam, you might want to avoid all the conversion and binary math. The following subnet cheat sheet will not solve all of the subnetting questions on the exam. What it will do, however, is gain valuable time. Since you can't take anything into the exam, the trick is to write the following chart out on your dry-erase board before you start the exam: Netmask Number of Subnets /30 4 255.255.255.252 64 /29 8 255.255.255.248 32 /28 16 255.255.255.240 16 /27 32 255.255.255.224 8 /26 64 255.255.255.192 4 /25 128 255.255.255.128 2 /24 256 255.255.255.0 1 /23 512 255.255.254.0 2 /22 1024 255.255.252.0 4 /21 2048 255.255.248.0 8 /20 4096 255.255.240.0 16 /19 8192 255.255.224.0 32 /18 16384 255.255.192.0 64 /17 32768 255.255.128.0 128 /16 65536 255.255.0.0 256 And if you examine the chart very closely, you can actually reproduce it with very little Hosts