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III. ilO' MIA IAEAEDEPXETAI 'TO NOY............. 22 IV. H OP|ANQ>H TON ANOTEPONEIIIIIEAQN TOY NOY 24 V, H OP|ANOXH TQN KATOTEPONEIIINEAON TOY NOY 29 VI. XYMIIAE|MATA 33 VII. TAENITIKTA 37 VIII. TO EN'TIKTO TH> AYTO>YNTHPH>HX......... 4I IX. A>OENEIE> TOY EN>TIKTOYTH> AYTO'YNTHPH'H> 44 X. TO EN>TIKTO TH> ANAIIAPA|O|H' 46 XI. ANAIITYEH TOY ENXTIKTOY ANAnAPAfOfHt...... 48 XII. A'@ENEIE> TOY EN'TIKTOY THX ANAIIAPA|Q|H'...... 51 XIII METOYXIO>H 54 XIV. AY>ITPO>APMO|H>TO IIEPIBAAAON KAI yyXOIrA@OAOfrA.............. 59 XV. 'Y|KPOYXH 63 XVI. A[IQ@H>H 66 XVII. AIA>XIXH 69

r. o oy>IKo> oopEA>TH>>YNEIAHXH>.......... t7 II. H FEEAIEH TOYNEYPIKOY >Y>THMATOX 20

XVIII.'YMBOAI'MO'.......... 72 XIX. OANTA>IQ>ED.ONEIPA.YEYAADOH>EI> 75 80 xx. YYXO@EPAITEIA ................... 82 XXI. YYXANAAY'H XXII. YIINQ>H,YIIOBOAH, AY@YIIOBOAH ............88 XXIII. H NPAKTIKH EOAPMO|H TH' 93 YYXO^O|IA>............ 97 XXIV.'YMIIEPAXMA..........

Z,HMEIAMA TOY EKAOTH


Eivat nt9avo no)t )iyot ano roog avayvrltorcE u1q Dion Fortune va yvaryf(oDv Tt@e 6vopa Ttot)Xpltotponorci eivur ro ryeu66vupo rcar ft@E ro npayparm| rr1q eiia"r Mary Violet yuXoFirth. En[or1E,)"iyor ioag (Epouv r,@eeiXe onoudd",oet ).oitia rcarrlrav ryoXo1epaneorpm. qld,oytKo rryEtyeudrbvuTo lto ro Xpr1oryonoirloe ym rnt oDyypaer1Bfi)iav eoat.cepmo| neprc,ybpevoD o nrc TT,po(pavrlq Kat ),6yoq eivat ou ouE apytq tou ancbvu paE "6mrctv66veuoe Artplt rqe orv eruoulpova pe rry t4 ouyyparprl rttotav Bfi)"ian. Qot6oo, 6e 1eapei.tat aor1pawo Kar ro ouyyparpmo6pyo noo 6"rpr1oe Xpryotporlotrbwaq ro npayparwo rrye ovolta. O Mrllovrop6q tou Nov unr1p(ero anott)eopa pruE oetpaq op)-rcbvpe 06pa ug ),ercoupyleq vou.Zav BfiLio ercd60r1rce rou ro 1920 rcarrpuotrcd"orlpeptvhg o avayvcboqErcil"6" rcdvet 0a va ro Qopdrar rca1aE ro peled". Ilporcercat yrcrrryv enoyrl nou fu,ofi-eoe <Dpot)6trcr1 11 ?eapia qE YuXav6.),uor1q, napa)Ar1evat )n avanr6ooovro"tta \fi.rpopa d")la tyuyiloymd" pe6para. H Yt7il.oyia Bplorcetatorr1v dv?rcr1rryepE d.eq uq aprprcBrlvl6aer-: avtmapa9ioetq. To eup6 rcow6 noAu Aiya yvoryi(et Kan o-1_xrcd. u7 v$a enrcrr1pr1, pe rca1rbq 6borcd"r1 nparoercaKo"r ry 1oryrq opd.oyia nou ond"pyetora oxerrrcd" Bfi)ia, nporcalei q-,Zto4 oe 6oouqpr1efitrcooqenryeryobv ta Om&d"ooov. va -lt ro -: unr1pft rcar o Baomoq )oyoq nou amd" ra rceipeva e-rr:r :o e@E rrtg \r1poofirrytaq. 'Hrav 1ua npoond"Iem o(tnl:,-,dnll. neprcrctmr1g erc)ai'rcEuptvrlq rcat avd)oo7q run Baowbv

6ru6maotav roD voD,ttot 6naq rry 1eapei 11ryuyd,oyta.Kat 66Bam6ev rlrav pbvo pm npoond"1em ano6oy(q tav yoyo)oyrcrovan6tyerttv ro n)arb rcou6, aA)d" npaypaurc6tvauKat rc opa unrlp(e 118a0fi" nenoi?r1or1 rrlq ryuyo)oyoD Kar oDyyp&rpEa46rt rpav an6Aoq avdyrcrlva yvapioet o dv1pomoqptprl tou eautot roD, Ta onoia nio"ceue avbnaprcta. Ynoorr1pr(e11 f6m na4 6cav o d"v1panoEeivat oe 01or1 yvotpi(et rrg voryrrva rc6,E roo ),ercoopyfeqKaJ rte 1aotrctg roD Tto.popltrToery, r6re pnopel va anorpbyet nol).a 6uo6"peora anotil.t,oparu orrT (ar1 roD noD odrlyobvoe veDp@rrcte \mvorltmtq \mrapaytE. rcat Mnopoupe vo"roNDptorotpe naE pe aurEErryErrE orciryetq 60ere r(r )ep1)m pm obyypovryE npoAr1ntrcqE yuymrlq oyrctvr\E. Zrlpepa, rca)aE \nvitoupt, v1v rcAeuraiu\ercaetfatou 20ou arbva, rcad. n6oo pnopotpe va arpilr11obpt,ano autrl up an)oikr1 napd"1eorlev6g no),uobv1ercu yuXo).oywob prlyawopotS;luoroybE, 116)o rcat au(av6trtevr1 e(efiirceuor1 rcd.0e oe enrcrr1pr1 Bory9d" ptoo av?pano va rcaravoryoet rcat t,a 6e to 11 'Eyoulte oupper|,yet ora obyypova enrce|ypata. arc6pr7 avdyrcrl an6 erceiveq ail"6E eQlyrloeqroD pae erc1"yoov obyXporq ora va nedia 1peuvaE pa"e\ivouv ta erpodn yru pm nlr7p6,otepr1 Kat rcatav6r7 rcat ano\oyrl . or7 Mtoa an6 cryyevtrcd" anoderc.rr1 rcpiory rou nd"rcrcpob paq rca?ioratat avayrcaiova \rurr1p(ooDpE rryv ryuyo)oymr1 rcopponla pag Kat o p6voq rp6noE eivat va yvapiooope ra afum TtoD 6mrap6.ooouv. rry Xaryiq rcapfaatruptBoAfa, ro 1til.io uur6 6fver q \trcrj rcu oovercrpop1" aotrl v1v npoona1eru. oe IAMBAIXO> 1989

IIp6l,oyoq
Eipor fiol,d euru1nq TroD Trporeivro u,ut6ro ey1erpi8ro oe 6ooDg6ev dlouv nponyofpsvq Tvoon roi enr0u_ tloriv vo,Korovoqoouv rrlv CI,vrrpeirrlnrorl cr,vepo_ ToD TrrvoD ofio rn o-riyxpovq vou vDxol"oyt0. Av nprv 6ero, lpdvro or l,d(erq<ri/D1ol,oyicr> ro,r (VD1ol"oylK6q)) rl"lqo,vi(ovro,v pCI,8rrti o.7ro ouq sqnps_ p16eq, or'1pepo eivo,tKo,enpeprv6 rpcnv6peuoj 616oro ri]],eq ).e[ergiorogcno8i8ouvnopdpolo voTlpororo i6ro ra,l,ri, 11crc6pr1 KCI,r Ko,),6rspo, ol,)"d n oqvrrn ourr1pd6o,6yet npayporrK6v6r1po.To rorvd yvcrtpi_ (er^rqv rinopfr1rqq VD1o]"oyfo,q: dv0pconor or Kcr,ro,_ l"cr6o,ivouv fioq o o,vOpcirnrvoq ro dpyovo pr ro vouq, ofioio yvopi(outls, oteqrdlroors ro,r aro.Oovdpoors, nptnsr vo,prl"ern0ef o.o6uprirrlote vo Koro,vorlooupe 6o0rirepo Kor vo, o,nortqooDps pryol"rirepo d),eyXo oulv ov0prrlnrvrl (ror.1. H qovspn ovrt8po,orl orov ul.ropdrou rdl.ouqrou ^ 8erdrou rvdToD Ko,r rcrrvapyrhv srKoororic,rrrlvo, rou 11 au[qpdvrl o'uver8qrofioinonrov du].ov, r(DV(fivru_ po,TtKOV) O,frCrrv, ToftoedTt1or VoUoTnVKc,Td),),nl"n To 06oq tou ov0prbnrvoD rv8roqdpovroq. oriyXpourl H o_ ro8rlpoinl VD1o),oyio o,urovopeirol oro,8lcmrie6o) Kol Xp6vrCI,, roDqXc,ortKodq ond DfioKerpevropofq rov

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l0

IIPOAOFO:

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O MHXANIXMO'

TOY NOY

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KEOAAAIO I

O OYEIKOE OOPEAETHX XYNEIAHXHE


fto, tqv encrprrl rc,rovdqorl r(Dv voqtrrorv DroSrroorcbvXperd(erotvo, dloupe rdnora r8do tou lrrlxovropori, pdoro tou onoiou o voDq r7[lKorvrrrvei to pe oorpc,. Mrioo o,n6 rtiOe ero,too'r6 rou opyovto.poripcrq 8rdpleror 6vcr8irruo e(er8rreup6vcov rv{i)v,pr CI,fioorol,rl vc, pera,gdpoDv veDprrfg roOrloerq crn6 ro oro0rlrrlpro 6pyovo o'ro Krvrprr6 veuptr6 orjorrlpro tou eyr6<pcrl"ou rou vrotro,iou Ko1 puel,ori. on6 erei pero6t6d(ovrcn o'rouqpucitveq, toug o,66ve6 ro d}"l"cr Ko,r 6pyCI,vo o,vron6rprorlq.Tcrcrto0qrrlprcr 6pyovc,l,erroupyorSvoo,v ano6drte6 evtunciro'eov, veuprr6g iveq or oov psro,qopeig, KrvrprK6veupx6'oforqpo oav ro rql"eqcrlvrr6r6vrpo Ko,ror pucoveq, a66veq ot KCnro til"l"o opyovo oov errel.eordq rov voqnrcilv ro0qotov. To u,roOrltqpro 6pyovo,onorel.ofvrcn o,n6r6tropo, rl opd6e6 ruttdprov, eferDtreupdvo tqv crnoboyru ouyrerprpdvouei8ouqevruncDoeov. Ar1l,cr8r1, {icrv 1q vo,oDyKrKprpdvo ep60ropo, 6o0ei oto uvriororX6 tou -iorog lrlptrorl 6pyc,vo, rdre npora,l.eitot pro u),l,u,yq
l7

O MHXANI>MO:TOYNOY

rfnou- ornv ouoio roD, n onoio,pe rrl oerpdrTlqfioptyer evfpyero, rll,ertpmqq popqnq,nou 6rcrtpdXer rr.1 veupmq ivcr 6nrrlqdvcrru),ol6ro. flpoq ro no,p6vntivroq, q yvoloq po,q rr1vu<pr1 veDprKqq yro rIq co0qorlg eivar el"oorrn'1rcr uno0eurrl. 'Oncoq rti0e (rovro,v6g ror6q, ro vsuptr6 or5orqpu, a,notel,eira,r und ero,toppri eler8uceupdvotv prcr rutrctporv.Aurri onotal.ofvto,rc,n6ro rupicoqorrlpope 6rio ouvqOcrlq enrprlrfvoerq.H pio neprl,u,p8dver pd(o pto 8rar<l"a8oripevotv rv{Dv, 6nrogot pi(eq rdnotou <putor5, rcrr ovopri(erat AENAPON* 11 dl"l,r1 onorel,eitcrt on6 pro lroKprti r]"rrlorr1nou rcrru,],r1yer vqporo,,6nrrlq oe crv(egriooupe dvcr ropptin pril"l,rvrlq rl,rlorrlq. Autq q 6ro,6rrcroio, ovopri(etot AEON (AXON). To vrlpo,rorou ti(ovo ev6qrurrtipoD oDvDqcrivopr vrCI,r trg iveq tou 66v6pourdnorou d)"l"ouKor ro veuprr6 ep60ropo, Storpdler uq vsDprKdq iveg rar brdpxerc,r an6 ro y6opa, lrs rov i6to rp6no fioD ro rll"errpm6 peripo pdercrvtiproCI, oroDq arpobdrteg ev6g r'1l,errpxor-i pcr. l,a,prntr'1 Aoqol"crlqeivor go,vrp6 Trrrrq u,utri to, ol"l"ql,ooupnl"er6pevo, rvi6ro, nou crprOpofvaro,roppfpto ror 8tdplovrcrt on6 rri0e p6pro roD odrpcrtoq, o,norel.o$v to Ocrupcror6tepo o6o'u1porTrrKorvoviog. eyr6<poO l,oq ra,r o eyretpcrl"ovrrlrtcrioq pue),6q eivut to Ksvrpr16 rq)"erpcrlvrr6 r6vtpo. Or pucrtveq o,norel,odvror on6 enrpqrq o[ovoer6r1
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O @Y'IKO'

OOPEA' THX 'YNEIAH'H'

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KEOAAAIO II

H EEEAIEH TOY NEYPIKOY EYETHMATOE


O eurol,6repogr,porcos Korovo(ooupe rqv opyrivo, voorl rlg ofvOerrlqveDprKng 6opqq poq, e{vo,rpe}"ercovtcrg tqv e[6],r(r1on6 uq rCI,naveq pi(eg roD, 6fioq qrov ortq o,nl,o6orepeq pop<pdq (ronq. Itq povorfrtoprl aporBd6cr, o,plororepr1 rrlv popgq (rowuvof nl,tioporoq, 6l"eqor (rorrdql"erroupyieq ertel,ofvrcrr crn6 6vo,p6vo rftrcrpo -nveito,r, ovcrnvtey o<poporcilver, onorpivet, wc60er. Kcr0rrtq 6po4 crvantrjooovror or no),urftro,por opyovro'po{, 6to<popetxti rftropo oval"op6tivouvbroqopertr6g epya,oieq ro,t 6rlproupyodvturp6vo yro a,utdq roprd dl"l,r1. ra,r 'Etor, orr'lv nepinrcooq yivercrrancrpoiev6q(crlou rlrrl rl oDvspyooio rotv oro'0r1rr1prrov opyrivov Trou avtrl,op6dvovror ro 0rlpopo Kor rov pucitvrov KrftoD vofvrc,r ylo, vo to nrdoouv' T1orov i6to oron6 dl"l,a ..rftropcr eler8tredovrol orlv enrrorvo)vio. 'Apa, 11 l,ertoupyrnl povri8cr veuprro6ouorr1rou lroroq 6ev eivor ro vrDprK6rfttcrpo, ol,l"d n cr,fioKo,l.oripevq AII@HTHPIOKINHTHPIA KIBOTOT
20

H EEEAIEH TOY NEYPIKOY >Y>THMATOX

(SENSORI-MOTOR ARC) 11 onoio o,notel.eircn an6 6vo,veriponou pero6r6ti(etrnv sroep16pevrl crnd6vo otoOrltr'1pro 6pycrvoaio0qoq Kor rTrrKolvrrrvei 6vc, pe til,l,o vefpo ftoDpexogdpet e[ep16pevr1 rqv rrlOqorl oe rdnoro puotvo 6pyovo. q 'Orq,v ri0eto,t o Krvqrofioinoq pro, oetpd purovcov, r6te yivator uncrpoirqrrl t'l rupo1r6pol bro,oriv6eo'n rov oroOqclpronvqtqprcovrt6rrlrrrrv, cilorevo rvepyonou1Oofv dl"l"o rpqpoto rnq o.opo,urr.1q ror rcrtooreuqq Kor q crvru,ndrprorl prlv fisproptorei o.e vo, 'Etot dvo p6vo purrtva,. ro veuprrcd rdrropo 6r.1proupyot5voneipeqndvro otrq rt6roror5q ror oneipsqndvco o'crgoneiprq, ps neproodtepouq6ro,r5l.ouq enrrolvovio,q pero,[ri rouq' 11opyrivcoorl yivecot Dta,prrrtq nro odv0erq, pe 6l,o ro,r nol.un),or6tepeqcrvtr6pdo.erq oru, epeOio'Irara, coonou enrtuylrivovror ot Ooupcroroi ouv8uo,opoi ovOprrtnrvou rou eyrd<pol.ou.

2l

KEOAAAIO IU

IIAX MIA IAEA EIEEPXETAI XTO NOY


6vcr oro0rlrrlpto 6pyovo 6d1erc,r evrfrurrroq, pto, 118qptoupyoripevrlcrioOrlo'r1 tql"eypo<peircrr orov eyrdrpol,op6o'ot ouvbettrrlg veuprrrlqivo,q'erei, pe rqq pra 6ro,6rrooioytu, tqv onoicr6e yvolpi(ouperinora, percrgpd(eror a,n6oio0qoq oe or6ryr'1. flrorefoupe firrlqpe rrlv epnerpiuo vouq poOoiver vq,oDo1rri(et opropdvoei6r1 oroOrloeotv opro'pdvo pe a,vttreipevo 11 rcorc,ortiorlq oro nepr8dl,),ov' 6tcrv vrorOer r8rcrirepeq nq oto'Or"1oaq, oupTrepcriver eitrrlq vo,t ncrp6vto,oproprdvoovnKripeva rcrr 8rlproupyei vorlurdg err6vegq trinouqordryerov, nou npoopi(ovro,rvo,o,vr1fipooonafo'ouv outri ru, ovtrreipevo,. H crl"rl0ero rrrrvu,vnl.r'lyecov roOopi(eror ono pog to rstti n6oo o rfnog ordyqq po,qo,vrlororlei oro nprot6tuno.To orpt8eq ovriypo,goeivot pru,ol,q0tvr1 6vvoto,to o,rel"dq pro crvriypo<po o,voKpt6rlg 6vvoto,. <Avo,yvcrtpi(oupe> o,vtrrceipevo dvo, p6o'ro proq 6tobtrooioq to,(rv6pqorlq, fiopo,rrlprfivroq opor6rqro tqv 11ovopotdrnro fipoq ti),),o r16qyvolotri ovtrreiprvo. 'Oto,v rpo8d rqv'TrpoooXnpcrq dvo riyvrrrotocrvrtreiptvo, crpli(oupevo,ro ouyrpivoupe rbonou Bpofpe vo
22

'Orov

fIQ: MIA IAEA EDEPXETAI >TO NOY

oe fio1ovrop6o evvorov 11 sxdvrov nptnu"vo,Kcr,To,Xopq0ei' o,v6a Bporipe tqv urptBrl c,vtto'rotyia, r,oro noOerofpeorov nro to,rprrio'r6 ropdu nou pnoporJpe vo BporSpe' o,urorov tp6ruo8rlproupyorjpe rope pucr ttlyopio,, crvoyvropi(ovrCI,q ro,ur6rrlro oro ouorrbtqv 611 o),}"d tq 8ro<popri otrq l"entopdpercq rouq ti),pe l,ouq er4orrto,o'rdg o,urorj tou 6ro,pe pioproto g. Aq uno06ooDpr firoq6pror6po,orr or rtinoro vr1o.i rcorrdn ornv ncrpa,l,icr tpo6ti rIV rpoooXrl poq: 0o npoono,OrlooDlre Bporipeor fioro ro,rr"lyopicr vo rorptd(er neproo6tepoo,n66oeqyvropi(oupa. Bl"dnoupe nroqrrveito,r Kor to rcrtotrioooDpeoto dp8ro.crn6to rdooepon66to, ro 66ppooupnepu,ivoupe np6Kor nroq Ktrrcn yro (rrto. Ilaporr1poripetrlv 6p0ta orrioq, to, ev6riprara, ro, onlua, Ko,r nou eivo,r ovOprrtntvcr 1opoKrnprorrrti. B),6novroq 6poq fioq ro Xprrltlo 6dppo,to.q rou 8to,gdper o,n6dl.rovtcrlvovOpolnrvov nl.o,opritcrtv Trou dXoupe a,vu,o'uvovrrl 0o,6qproupyrlooupeplo,Ko,roer, f vorSpyro, uno8rcripeoq rpnpo roD voDnou u,noOqoro redoupettq t66eq nou o'1eti(ovror pr rrlv ov0pcon6rrlT,a.,'to to,(tvoporJpe iorrrq Kor rou 8rrlooupe rdnoro 6vopo,vo,ro uno8rll"cilvsr oroDqdl")"oug o,v0prrlnoug. Av 6polgouvovrrloouperi}"l,o6vu o,vureipevotrlq i6roq q6onq, 6e 0o rptrri(oDpr KCI,rvor5pyro unobroipeoq, a,l"l.d0o ro rorord(oupe dnrrlgro fipoqyor5pevo ei6oq rur 6ror rrrlpa,0a vrrirOoupe <(epcrpe qTrcrrq tr ro,v). Aql,o6r'1, 6to,6ma,oio, <yvroorlg> q trlq eivo,rpra, 6ro6maoicrro(rv6prnonq rcrt vrrb0oDpr lroq <yvrrlpi(oupa> rtitr 6rcrv to orptprb(oupelKovofiolnttrd crvtipeocr otrq riyvordqpcrq.

ZJ

KEOAAAIO IV

H OPTANOEH TON ANOTEPON EIIIIIEAON TOY NOY


6ev 61ouv ooXol,q0ei pe rqv yu1ol,oyio,,Oecrrpofv yevrrd ro vou ou,voporoyevdq orjvol.o. 6pr,rq, rl nprrrtrloDorlportrrl e(6tooq poq 8eilver fioq o vouq aivu,rt6oo opycrwr6g6oo ro,r ro o.ropu,. H opytivolorl roD voD Ko,rovoeiro,r rol,r5tepcr u,v rov oKrgrodpe oc,v pro 8e(opevrlnou oe 8rdgopa 6rono0errlpfva r6orctvo pe nl"dypcrto Vn rqq eivCI,r Drcrgopertrqq nurv6t4rcrg. flpdner vo rorovorlooupe firrrq vouq ofiorel,eiro,r o o,n6optoprdva otpcilporoKo,r ro otpritpo oro onoio 11o'uver8qtq(rrlq pa,q61er rr1 povrp6repq eotio, 0o Oerrlpeirol nto efcorepx6 pa ro to 6vopcrETTIA >YNEIAHIH>. Arpr8crlqnioro uno rqv Eorio luvei8qoqq Bpiorero,rro enina8ofioD or yuXol"dyor ovopti(ouv IIEPI@OPIO TYNEIAHTHI Kot ro 6uo 8tarpofvtcrr pero(rl rouq on6 dvo pqXovr..op6, o'a,vr6orrvo, fiou reXvrrd unorol,eitot EAE|KTH'. H rorav6non rrrrv6uo a,utcirv enrnd8ovo,uldveror ov e(erdooDlmrrl l"ertoupyrrcn Xpnoq rouq. flori 0o 'Ooor

H OPTANO:H TON ANQTEPON ETIITIEAON TOY NOY

L__
-

oDyKrvrpo0eirdnoroq 6rov ndet o's pro,oiOouoovo oro$oet prcr6tdl,e[r1; Aplrrd 11 npooolq rou 0o eivCI,r eotro,opdvnorrl 6rd),e(r1 0a eler apu6pr'1 ro,t eniyvolo'rl rov 0opri6cov rur),o<popio,g, 6p6po. Apou1q oto q orrlplonorcovrcrq 0dl"r'1or1, npoodler p6vo rrq r0a, 66egnou oytri(ovrCI,rpe rq 6rd),e(r"1 0o crnopovrrrror vbr on6 rq ouvei8qo'q6oeq o<popor5v rur)"ogorqv pia. Me yulol"oytrorlq dpougq 6ro,6ma,oio errppd(ero,r oq eng:Or olerrreq pr rq 6rdl,e(q r6deq oqqvovrCI,l orqv eotiCI, tqq ouvei8Tlonq, ereiveqnou o.1eti_ (ovror pr roDq0opriBouq o.uyrpo,ror5vrcr,r rceptOcrtoro pro Ko1o el"eyrtrlq-r6orrvo eivo,rpu0propdvoq dtor otore ot r66eqtou neprOalprou pnv ero6ct),l,ouv vCI, ornv eotio,. Mnopor5pe o.Krgroripe vo, Trcrlq p6ye0oq ro rou <nl"6yporoq)eivu,rtdtoto cirorep6vo or oupTrurvrop6veg t8deqrqg 6tdl,e(qq va nepvoriv,rvrrl Kororpc,rorivrc,ror u,ra06proreq r6deq nou oyed(ovtol pr rqv o8mr1 rurl,ogopicr. Eivo,rl,orn6v npo<povdq rl Drivopqtqg ouyr6Trroq vrpcrro'qq ef,crpttitotond u1v rKc,vo?rolnrtrq l,ertoup'Ooo yicr a,utor5 VuXrKo6 roD r6o.rtvou. neproo'dtepo eroforo tLeyyo a,orofpe orq prj0protlroD nl"dypordq rou, 16oo rKcr,vofiorntrrdrepq eivo,t11Drjvopqouyr6vrpoonq' ovti0ero, ov eivCI,r el,l,orcoportr6 Xol"opd11 Ko,ro 6l"eyXoq ovenoprrlgr1ovrincrpKroq, rdte ovCI,ro,l"fntoupe nrrrqeivar a66voto vo rTrrKrvtpro0oripe oe orcoto8rlnore voqnrd ouverppd Ko,1 eorio o-uvei6qn oqq 0o un6ratrcrr8tu,prcoq ero6ol,6q oe (evorv r8ecilv, fipoEro avttreipevo fioDOel"oupe ronootofpe. vo H E>TIA pcr(i pe to IIEPI@QPIO TYNEIAHIHI o'uTKpororjv l"eydpevo>YNEIAHTO NOy. IIp6ro
2 5

O MHXANDMOX TOY NOY

Karor yro ro rplqtlo roD vou nou <po,vtri(er o ol"q_ oov 01v6q<eu,urog poq>>. Eivo,r o rolrsoq nou erre]"o6pe 6l,eqrtq ouver6r1rdq vorltrrdq 6poo,trlpr6rqrsq, ol"id pe rovdvu,tp6no 6ev o,norel,ei orjvol,o rou vonrl_ ro rof oirou. Arpr6olq nio'roond ro neprOropro ouvei6r1o.r.1q 6pi_ oKrrol dvcrtil"l,o enineDo,yvcootd crlqIIpOIYNEI_ AHTO n YIOTYNEIAHTO 11pe til.),o ov6pcrc,,o_ vdl.oyo,lrs ro, 66ypato trlg ryuXo],oymr1q o1oi{q nou uro0ereirtinoroq. Av 6proqro,rovoqOef l"ettoupyio 11 rou, t6re 0o eivor eu8rdrprro,nuputtq 6rogopenr6q ovopcroieqnou, 8uotu1rllq,8uorol,eriouvrn pe)"drr1 tqq yuXol"oyfog. Ie aur6 to na6ioo,no0qreriovrot 6l,eqor t66ec nou oDyKpororJpe pvnprl, ol"l"d 6ev ene(epyo(6plo.re orrl voqurd. Ka,vovrrdpnopeivo,optotei oov ro enine8o rqg o'uvet8nrng pvnpqg. 'Oncog orprBolq eoria,6ro,_ 11 yapi(eru ar(,o neprOolpro r,o ouvei8rlorlgpe 6vo puO_ pr(6pevo el"eyru'1, dvoqnop6poroqe),eyrrr1q 6piore_ rot peru,(r5 nept0rrlproD tou ouvri8qorlgKo,r rou rpo_ ouvet6qro6, onoiog),erroupyei trq i6rcqorprBrrrq o pe apxte. 'Eror, ereivog nou c,rofer tr1 6tdl,e(q, prnopei vo npoo'opp6oat ovdl,oyo ro Sefreposl"eyrrrl Ko1ps oD_ t6 rov rpono on8qnore olenrd p ro 06pro, 6pa0e,vu, ro eTrovoqdper orrlv aotio tqq ouvei8Tlonq vo,ro Kor orrlv rcrro,v6qorl 6rd)"e(r1q. Xpnolponorei rqq Aurrl 4 -*oeoprop6 6uvcrt6rqra 6yer peyd),r1 oqpooia, orou To)v Kprrtrcrrv 8uvdprov roD vou. 'Oto,vo,vo,rc,l,o6vt0r rtinoteq ano naluw ro,0oprop6veq r6degra,r nporrio_ oovrcll o'TrqKorvor5pyreg o,noryerq Trpoorpdpovrot roD
26

H OP|ANO>H TON ANOTEPON ETINEAON TOY NOY

ylo o,qolroicooq, ornv oDoio, a,notel"or5v rprulplo oKcr,l Sqproupyorjv 6vo o'uve1q o1o]"ro,op6 [ro],6yr1or1q tqq 6rtil"e(r'1q. Ta, enine8o rnq eotio,q, tou neprOrrtprou Ko,r ron npoouver8qtof ouyrpororlv ro voqnK6 enine6o, oto onoio dloupe np6o6o,or1KCr,l pTtoporipevo, IpTlortlonotqooupe' npdner 6prtlq vcr oqpercbooDpsnrog 6e 0o pnopdooupe vo a(etdooupe pe 8rcr$yeto ro,piu 166o o,n6 doeg enrOuporlpe, 6ev ra0ai rdto on6 to roXDov p6 eoq rqq eotioq ouvei8rloqq. Aav eipoo're oe 06oq vo, pel,eulooupr rdnoto, r6do nou Bpioretcrt o,rc6pr1 o'ro TrpooDverbqr6,o),),d pnoporipe rcotd 6o6),norl vo q Byti(oupe crn6'erei rcor vo, rnv rono0ero6pr ornv eotio ouvei8qoqq y1CI, pel"6rr1poq. rn Or tperg a,utoi voquroi ropeig pnoporJvvo, fiCI,poporcrotoriv pe pro rou(ivo: ro fipoouverbqtd eivor to q vroul.tinr, ro nepr0rbplo ro r,pane(t KCI,1 eotio, ouvai6nonq ro pi(ep' ot t66eq rcov tprrrtv top6otv CI,vrlnpoorrrna$ovto,ton6 To oDorc[Tmd n1q noutiyro,q, peprrd an6 ra onoicr pnr1rcrv r16q o'ro vtoul,dnr, dl"l"o firplpdvouv o'ro rpa,rcd(rrar peprrd lruntofvtcrt oro pi a p'Ooa . eivor oro tpond(t,6nac, or rbdeq oro nepr0c6pto ouvei8norlq, Bpiorovto,r o'xrl 6rd0eoq rrlg pcryeipro'o'og, ol"l,d npoq xo no,p6v 6ev aolol"eirot pcr(i roDq' 6oa eivur oro vtoul"dnt (ro npoouver8rlt6) 6e gaivovro,r, ol,l,ti propi(er ncoqeivo,r erei ror ov Xprlcrororiv pnopei vo ro ntipeu outri opoq fioD fipoTporlrd Xpqorporporei avol 6oo BpioKovrcrr oro pi(ep, rnv sotiCI,ouvei6r1or1q. fra, ro ouvqOtopdvo tivOproro 01 rpelq autoi to-

O MHXANIXMOXTOY NOY

peiq onorel,odvd,tr 0ecopei ra,i 6ev o,vnl,u,p6tive_ vou rCI,r nopdfevr'1 rTlv ev8olcitponou onl.c6v..r'ct ntpa an6 rq orrvti l,ropi6o rrlg nol,tttopdvrlq oK-rnE. roo16oo, u,n6erei ovo8l"ri(ouvot nr1y6q r5nop(r1q Kc,rrl rr.1q rou peytil,rl oDveroeopdqq oriy26povrlq ryu26ol.oyicrq oro ofvol,o trlq ov0potnrvlq yvcooqq eivcrrq ovordiuryrl rc,r.e(eperSvrlon ouuiq tqg ev6o1c6poq.

28

KEOAAAIO V

H OPTANOXH TON KATSITEPfIN EIIIIEAON TOY NOY


Irrlv nepro1r"1 voD nou ovopri(ercrr rou oouvei8qto, u,no0qrer5ovror 6l,eq or r6deqotrq onoieq Eevdloupe dpeoq np6o6oor1. Meprroi yulol"6yor unoornpi(ouv rrrrrq pvlpn I rdOe evrfnrrronqTroD Ko,rCI,ypdrptrlre uno 6vcru,tnor6 o0rlrrlpro 6pyovo,Koro1oprira,re6rrt dncoq plo goos roypoqrrq entgdvetc,. Aurl q yvrrlpq6eveivot u,no6errq crn6 ol"ouq. 'Oproqpnoporipepe peyol"frsprl oogdl,ero, 8elrofpr fioq ono0qrer5erot pvrlprrl vo, 11 a,n6 otr8rlnore 6rlptor5pyqoe dvrovq evtrjnoroqro,r noi(er ro p6l"o rrlq orrl volnrrl (cor1. Avtipeoa oro ooDvei8r.ltoKor ro npoouver84rd Opio'reror rupt6repogel.eyrrrlqrou voDKo,r oDo or t6v avaqdpovra,r6rov ptl"orjv yrcr <el,eyrrrl>)orrlv ryulc,vol.uttrr'1 6t6)"royporpio. Autdq o el,eyrcrrlq eivcn peyio-rr1q onou6o,r6tqta,q otq 8ra,voqnrq orrovopio,, ytari un6 rr1 l.erroupyia rou e(uptrfto,t ra,tri nol"ri 11uyeicrxoD vou. Av to nlutypa tou r6orctvou eivCI,r nol,r5opo,r6,r6re oup-

O MHXANIIMO'

TOY NOY

pdouv otq ouvei8nol r6eegnou 6ev tnpenenord vo, 6pe0or5v erai' o,v eivor nol,6 nurv6q, o ouver8qt6q vouqofioK66aror on6 u1v finyn rqq evdpyerdq ro rou, oouvei6qro. O el"e'yrtqc eivol 8opnlpdvoq ortq i6req op1eqps rouq 6uo nporlyorJprvouq qbq pe),err1oope, nou crl"l.ri 61et pro 0epe),rrrl6q 8torpopri:6ev el"6yXsro,r o,lto rn 06l,qoq' or 8ro,otrioaq rou nl,dypotoqpu0pi(ovrcrt 606]"0eycil rdnotcronypq, u],],ti Xr afio ro tt luropeivCI, ano o,xLroOopi(er r'1 nipro v6tcrtou lapcmclpo, LroD. pnopeiva 0eroprlOei prcr6rTo npoouver8qtd oov 6l"ro011111 ovoqopdq a)')"u q peydl"qono0r'1n1 crroD , ouvei8qrou sivCI,t rcpfnnl 6nou BpioKovror rCI, 11 opov Kor o niproq 6yroq toug nord 6evo,yyi(er to 1eio,' ouver6qr6vou, q 6ppeo'q eni8poorltouq rccrOopi(er rrl q6on rou Xcpo.Krnpa. To n),dov o,fiolroKpDo'pdvo enfneSorou vou, Ton onoiou q l,erroupyio, eiva,rrel"eiroq a,ur6porq,el,6yXet 6l"egttq (rrlnr6g l"erroupyieq roD o.rrtpotoq. vorlttOr rdq 8rcpyooieqtou 6reu0rivouv Dpo,oclpr6tqteq ttg rou onov8ul.rroritprrlpotoqrou veuprroriouor4poroq, evrrr til,l,o enina8aroD vou 61ouvtov eyr6<pcrrcl, l,o o'o,v rpuom6Spyu,vo erc6r1l"roor1q. rdtoro o,noKritr berrvferor on6 ro yeyov6q6tr pro eyrerpol.mrl oo06vtlo oxpno'reder 8rovoqnrdqxov6rqreq, crgrlvottq vrcrqdOrrmq rrg roOcrpd<puorol.oytrdq veupmdq l,ettoupyieq' ovtiOeto,,pto oo06vao roD vorrro,iou pueo8po,vonorrloet vsuprKdq rrq 6ro,6mo.i,ori pnopei vCI, o'ieqrrov o'copourcrrv l"ertoupyrci)v, Kor or voqrrrdq o,v ruo,popdvouv u,rpcrieq. Or ryuXrrdq8rcrbrrooieqrou our6potou voD KU30

H OP|ANO>H TON KATOTEPQN EIIIfIEAON TOY NOY

Bepvoriv rriOe 6rolnprKn 6repyo,o-io o'crtpa,toq. rou outd ro voqnr6 rpqpo t)rtyye;ttouq cmoforoDq purrtveg" ravovi(er rrlv u,rpo6ooio, rd0e pspoDq rou orrtpuroq elutyyetrn pon tolv evSorprvcrtv crbdvrrrv ouvenrrlq rot rr'1Xqpxq orivOeo'r1 o,iparoq.'Ioatqcrutdtc, npaytou paro, pi(oDv qrrrqotlv artia, nol,l"crtv l"ertoupytrrrlv 8tcrtopcrlrrlv orc, tpurv6pevo Kor voqnrrlq 0eponeioq. Av ror to crutdporoeninabo<puorol.oyrrri ei6ev vor or eno<pri ro ouver8rlrdvoD,rTrTlps6(*utgo8e_ pe pa ano ta yevtrd o,ro'0r1pa,ra rotol,o,pBdvouv nou rdfiorov ror r8rairepo crndnq ouyKlvrloro,rdq rcro,orrioaq roD oouvei6qtou' e6roo<peil"ovror peto,6ol,dq ot rrlq qDolol,oyrrrlg ),erroupyio,q orlq veuptrdq ao.06vrttq. Aur6 to enineDo roD voD lra,v ro nprrlrofioD opycrvr60rlre ornv roropio trlq Bro)"oymr1g avdnru(qq. Or opu8pdq er),dpyerqrrlq otorlerrrl8ouq evcrp(Iqrnq (roqg qrov our6porqq l.erroupyicrq, ener8rlcrolol,or5vro,vo,fioKl"erotmd <puotol,oymdq pe 8repyoofeg. Ko0rrl 01opycrvlopoie(el"iooovrcrv pro.o6re g ne po, 6ytvecrno,poitqrog dvaqovcrlrepog trinog 8rdvoroqyto rqv ernl,rlpoton trov 6pa,orqpr6ultrrlv rqq (cor1q touq Ko,ror[oKTrlo'ope vor1ttr6rqTo, ToDt6nou nou evepyef oro r[oDvri8qroenine6o, Tllv Tropoppr.lrtrrl voqrtr6Tnrc,Trlrv avo'riKrrrlv. Ile8io prens8io yri(*at o voDqo-u1<pul"r1 ro Ko1 tiropo' ror ne8iope ns6io,un6 u1v enr1percr yrlporou roq, Trlq croOdveru,qtrov rpa,ppdrcov, tnine8o tqq 11 ra ouvei8rlor1q ru,ra,ppdoDv ovtiorporpqgopd o,n6epe raivq fioD ovonrrilOqrov. npritra ro firo np6o<pu,to opyo,volpdvo, o,vrrrrepo, Kdvrpc,, evo o our6potoq voDq,
3l

O MHXANDMOETOY NOY

pe o fiol,ol6repoqKc,ral,6ov otu,0ep6q, 1ll,terirq ouvri0eroqnioot rou, epyd(erat co6ro tdl,oq, ouvrnpoprl?(omop6 nol,6 rc,rp6 cr<p6vroq rov o,vOpronrvo yto ToDo,fiooDp0ofv 6l"a 6ou, rtivouv rov opTovrop6vo eivCI,r dvogtiv0ponog.

32

KEOAAAIO VI

EYMfIAETMATA
Merd rq pe)"etqrorv enrnd8rrlv 8rcrrpeitor voDq, fioD o nptTltr vcrcrvo,l,dooDpr gdon tou ul.trof nou onorn Oqrefetcrrpdocrrouq. frcr crut6ro l.6yo nptnet vo,pel.etqooupsrlq rpyooieqtqq MNHMHI. 'Oro,v erodpleror prcr166o, vou 6ev nopu,pdver oro porp6lpovo oov crve(dptqrrl povd6o,. Md)"l,ov eivo,r oDoroonK6 yvcirpropo xov t8ed)vvo o'Xrltloti(ouvpeto(ri toug ouppolieq ror aurdgor opd8eqrberrlv eivor yvcoordg relvmd oav IYMIIAE|MATA. 'Evo orlpnl,eypopnopei vo oDyKpl0ei u1v ovripe nru(q rarv rl"o8rcirvrou ayplo1opxou' 61er prCI, Krvrprrcrl crrperr1pio, crn6 6nou (envorjv vqpotcr nou 6ro,tporiv, unobtc,rporjv, 6rcml"a,6i(ovtor rdOe ro,oe rer5Ouvorl ouv66ovrorpe dl,l"o ouo'rr1poto, ror r6aov nou dlouv rcop6poreq 6rorl"a6rrloerg. c,ur6, 6rcrv fru, erodpleto,rorq ouvei8qoq ptu 166o, Kdnoro0dpcr, Tro, B),6noupa nrrlq6ev np6retror y1o, povtio,Tropovropdvr'1 6u,,ol"l"ti ylo rqv drpn prog crl"uoi6o,q Srcml"o6rfinou vtro,l pe rtiOe ei6ougTro,pspqepeq 6e oul,)"d8ope 06pcr' pro onl"r'1 ypopttq or6yqg, o),),d avo ol,6rl"npo oDverpprr6or5otrlpo.
33

O MHXANDMOX TOY NOY

Autd ru, ouotrlpo,ts r6eov e(o,n),ritvovto,t Drorccn rl,o,6i(ovtor or 6)"o to ne8ia roD vou, u)"}"d o,v ro rXvr1l"otr1ooDps opKrrd, Ocr o,voru,),riyoupr ro Ko,firrlq 06vo61erttq pi(eq rou os 6vo, an6 ro peytil"o, fipolroporo a,ouvei6r1to. o,uroo,noAn6 lrrd dvortrrcr, Bo0rcr ropi(ouv rq (rrlrtr6rnro, fiou to rvcilvrt,enet8rl6)"ota, oupnl,dypu,tcr 61ouvdvcrouvc,ro0r'1 pronr6 nuprlvcrra,r rcr, ouvoroOqpcrro nr'1yd(ouv r,a6votrrro,. afio Aq ndpoupe 6va roOrlpeprvd ncrpd6erypo 6o6pe vo ncbg l,ettoupyor5v crur6q op1eq.'Eotrrl nrrrg 01 rdnoroq eivCI,r navronrrll,qq'Ocr dXerl,orn6v to }ipnl"eypo ron flcrvtonrrll"q,6r'1l,o811, dler opo,8onotqpdveq 0o dl,eq trq t8degnou oleri(ovtor ps rrlv uyopcrnrol.qoio er6rrrvnuvtonotl"eiou'ondre o,v(envqoel pro,vorlttrq 6ta,6tra,oiuoletrrd pa onoto8rlnote 6ryq tqq 6oul,erdq rou, nol"6 erirol,o 0u, ovcr6u0ofvoro vou rol) rur til,l,eqnapeprqepeiq. B66o,ta, 6oul,erdroD fio,vronro)"q eivor t6oo q 6av oDvcr,pno,otrrq rou l"oyotdXvnn rou entotrlpovcr, 6o'o rrror6ootov dvOprono ev8raqdper. rov fru,ri; Ener64 ro or5pnl,eypo ncrvtonrrrl"q roD 6Xerng piltq rou oro dvortrto rnq CI,Droouvtqpqoqq, ener8qeiva,r pdoo to fioD rov ouvrqpei otr1 (rrlr1. ro novronrol,eioeuqAv pepei,r6re eivor eDlcrprornpevog yro,ti tou e[u,o<po],i(et nl,rlpdomprl ru,t crverdreprl (rrlrl' o,v6av nder ro,l"d, o,to'Odveror q66o Kcrr CI,voo'qtil"ero, enet8rlcrnarl,o6vru,rr0, p6o'cr enrBiolorlq tou. Eniorlq, err6q on6 ro no,vronrrrl,eio, iorrlqeivor enirponog ornv evopia rou Kor io'oq 61er6vcr u,vsnruypdvo oripnl"eypo 0pqoreutrrrrrv evbra,qepdvrrlv roD 6rcm),o6roveror, 8ro,ouv6dero,t 61er ttg evorrrtrrrrot
34

:YMIIAEfMATA

6ergpi(eg rou oro oouveiSr-1to, 6norq Ko,r o6pnl,ey_ ro pCI, novroncbl"rl. ToD Ktinore, l,otndv, pnopei vo,ytilver orov rcrtdl.o_ yo rrlv tp6louoo rtprl rou ntneproriro,r u,n6ro firfirpr o voDq roD vo nepdoer yevrrti o.To, KopDKe6pu,to. 11 nmeparrl oopn qdpver oro voD 0upio,po, o,vo,prrr_ rot tr6ro,tov or Opqoreurmdq rel.etdqunr1p1u,v ano'na_ l"tti. Ie outr'1 tqv nepinrrrrorl go,vepO-nrg eivo,r rtinoro, crrol,ouoi0o'rdyerrrv oupnl,dypcrroq navronro_ rou rou l"n npOeoe enorprl ro 0pqo.reuttr6 tou o6pn],eypro lre Korro eespsorrlv sfirqctverCI, ouvei8qonq. rqq 'Ioroq o nc,vronrrrllqpoq or6greror vcrnavrpeurei rcrr o,trrdoorq or5pnl,eypo 6oul"erd6 rpurpcil_ oro Tnq tou vsr plo no,paqud6o,, onoic, 6yetrq pi(o qq oto dv_ q orrKro rrlq ovoTropoTCIynq. to ev6rorp6pov T6re ron ylo ro ncrvronrol,eio ev8uvoporveror ra,tri nol,rj and rrlv fipoofiurr1 rou oe( o.rq (cor.1 rou, yro,ti on6 rqv euqpepiotqq 6ou),erdq rou e(aprdror r1 npoonrxq tou yripou. Eivor l,orn6v <pu,vepd o vouqeivo,tyepdrogpe nrrlq 6rorl,o6rrlv6peveq noD 6yd(tuv Vaer4o.upnl,eyprirov rl"o6rri npoqrcdOe ro,tefOuvorl.Avpe pro onol"qroOq_ on fircr,orri 4 drpq rdnorou vrlporoq, pnoporjpevcr o,ve6dooupe orn ouvei8qoq 6l"o ro, oupn),dypo,rCI, lre to, onoio,ouv66era,r.'Etor 8oul"erjet pvnpn- Ar6pq q Kor ov <(elcrotei) pro r6eo,6r11,o,6q, nepdoero,no ov rq ouvai8non oro o,o-uvei6r1ro, eivot buvo,t6vo,rno_ vel.Oer ourrl XprlolpoTrorcirvta,q rqv rdoq opo,8onoiq_ o'qqrov r8ecirv. Mro o,nol,r1 rrlOqoq trov rpqpdrov rol) c,vriotorlou oupnl,dyporoq nou 6pfo.rcovrrrl ornv efir_ grivero,, dler o'o,v 0o o,nordl.eo.pa, ovo5u0o6v vo ereivcr
35

O MHXANDMO'

TOY NOY

ro trsptl nou Bpiorovro,l 0oppevo, oro urooDvei8qto. Ie o,ur6v rov napayovta 6ooi(et 11yulcrvdl,uorl peydl"o pdpoqtou dpyourqg. Ot r66eqreivouv vo,opycrvrrtvovror oupnl,6ypo,oe pe ro or5pgrovc, rdnoreq oaqrrlq npoobropropdveq apxtq: I.''Ol"eq or rbeeq nou oleti(ovtu,r lrs ro i6ro o,vtrreipevo teivouv vo ouv8ud(ovta,r. II. I66eq nou etodp1ovrol oro voD tc,u:c61povcr raivouv vo, oDo1rri(ovtat. fI.X. av dnaoCI ono pra, pnovov6<p),ou6o rcrOcilq n(ycnvo oro rolu6poprr6 roDri, 6nora 6l,6nro pnc,vdveq ordrpropotneoipcrra, 0c, rcrr rcrlu8popmti rouari, 11 6tov ovttrpri(ol tcrlu8popmd routrri iocoqord<ptopot pnovriveq nrcooerq. ro,r ilI. I6deg crtticrqKor o,?rorcl"6oporog ouv6ud(ovT0,1.

IV. I6eeqpe onou,Sqnoreoporotqro, rfirecrvaoKn rl oDoro,otrKrl reivouv vo crl,l,q),ocrvuro,l"ofvrcrt. 'Eror, o,v ordgropol ylo to ro(crvdKrrnq roual.6rc,q nou 0il,et enr6r6p0coo'rl, pnopsi (o<pvtrdo voDqpou vo, prroTrrl8r"loer oroDq rcrtcrpptirrsqroD Nroyripo' 11 vc, orfgropol p1o Bpo8rdornv fio,po,),io vda oel,r1pe vn Ko1vo,lroD6p0eroro voDn qdrcr, firnovrof nou Tou 6gnyo ro peo'r1pdpr. H ncrpdl,oyqourrl p60o6oq o'rdyqq dlet tepdoou, oqpooicrornv eqoplroopdvrl ryulol"oyicr yru,ti peydl"o pdpoqtcDvl,etroupyrcilv ooDvri8qtouvou ertel.eiroD Go,r aur6 rov rp6no ru,r 6ivet 6vouopa, ereivq o'e l^rr crlv nepiepyq p60o6oordyrlq nou 0o pel,etr'10ei o'ro reqdl,oto Tlcrro oup6ol"ropr6.
36

KEOAAAIO VII

TA ENETIKTA
'HDr1 pel,errloo,pe voD o-a,v ro 6e(u,pevq nou 6rotpeircrror ropeiq un6 r6orrvCI, 6ra,<popenrrl pr nurvdtr.lro nlutyparog. 8oripetcrlpotu, peripororoD vepo6nou Ag yeli(et u1 6e(o,pevr1. IXqpourri pnopofpe vo ore<ptofpernv elopoq vu, yiveror pdoorevdg revrplrof oycrtyorS oo'Dvei8qrora,r erei vo, 8torpeircrtoe oro rpio perlpo,ro,. revtpm6q oyrrly6q O evdpyero,g ?ro,Trou ptyet rqv Klvrlrrlpro SUvoprl rd0e (rovtovorin)"rio.potog, nqpe nol"l,dqovoprooieq: l.ipntvro, oplrrl, (cotrrrl oppn rca,r 6to)"oytrr1nop6pplon. iorrlqprcrtil,l"r1rotri),1,q1"4 ovopo,ofo etva,t drcl"uoq (alqq. H pon rnq VDXrKrlq evepyero,q titopo e(r6merioro tror or erep6rl"rlrcrper5po,to, eivo,tyvcoorriocrv ltoD to rpio 6a,orrd 6vonrto,. Ilpcrrro eivo,t to ENTTIKTO TH> AYTOX,YNTHPHXHT. Kritro on6 out6 ouyrevrprrrvovro,r ot 6poorlptdrqreq nou ro,0o6l"eq pi(ovtot ano: l. @d)"r1oq ywZanlrl Auroouvrnpnoq. 2. @dl"qo'r1 lll"r1peoreprlZoorl Autoernl,nproon. yro rl paytil"odvortrro eivor rr.1q To Der5tepo ANAIAPAfOfHt n IEEOYAAIKO, tou onoiou 11 ),ettoupyio e[cro<po]"i(et 6rarr1pnoTl quftrtq.Mdo.co rq rnq ou37

O MHXANI'MO'

TOY NOY

rori rou ra,vcrl"rofBptoret 6re(o6oq evdpyera, firoD prooedet petri rqv ernl"rlproorlrrrrvonorrqoeotvrrlq outoouvrrlpno'qq. To tpiro peydl"o rvorlKro eivo,t KOINONIKO ro ENTTIKTO TH> AfEAHt, 6poq pe rov onoio { npoo8ropi(oupero oriotqpro, dp<putrov rrrlv rriosov ro,t tra,vou'1trov puq enrtpdnrl vo ouvepyo(dpo,ors fioD pr roDqoDvrp6<pouq rl vc,8te(dyoulrc poq Kolvovtrq (roq pe 6l,o rc nl,eoverrrlporo, paovmrrlporo. Ko,r Mepxri (rrla,6prrlq, dlouv o,ur6ro tpiro dvorr6ev rro' (or.ivr povo,XlKd ror 6ev ovcryvropi(ouv beoporiq ntpa ano to orivrpoqo KCr,l an6yovo.Al"l,d or firrov proo'6tepoe(el,ryp6veg pop<pdq, oupneprl.ap8av6pevoDKclrtou c,vOprrlnou, c,vdntu(crv outrl tq oqpcrvnrrl efer8ireuonrqg yulmqq evdpyero,q, roug enrtp6nou fitr v0 (ouv rorvrrrwrd. Autd to, tpio Btromd dvottrro 6pouv Ko,ro,vrr8poriv percr[r5 roDqornv rpuppdvrl neproXr.l o,oDroD vei8qrou ro,t orroSopor5v rr1v Korvovmrl opyrivoon Ktrl Tovoropm6 laportqpa,. fto, va rotovoqOodvor 8pa,orqprdrrlreq rvrrrlv orirrotv ndvrctrq, nptna vo (ero,0optoteifioq n Trpoontxq rouq eivcrr oDlu[o,vnrq ro,t oXr npoo.conrrq. !rr1v e(el"rrrtrrl 6ro,6trooio6e l"op6dvetot undryrlr1 enr6icooqq q rol,crrnopio, tou o,t6pou.11<pu),q eivCI,r nou perpdet. Av rolupt(6pc,ote TroqrCI, dvonrto, e(unqperoriv . p6vo rqv rul"ondpoorlrou or6pou,8rlproupyorlpe pro ,0eropia TroD ornv npornrq rnq egoptloyqoiyoupo0o, poq fiopon)"ovqobr.Or l"attoupyitg trrrv avoriKrtrrv nptner vo erl"c,p6dvovtcrr rrlv dvvorcr e(el"trcnpr tqq
38

TA ENXTIKTA

rqq npo6Sou o1r trlq npooofirKrlq KCrr eurlpepiu,q. Au_ tq eivor q nopeio,ovdnru(r1gtrlq <Driorlq o,vufio_ Kol ydpoore oe ouu1v, pnoporipep6vo vo,e).ni(oupeolr Ocr ro,to,vorlooupe 6ro6trooieq trq tqg. H niorq Troqo dvOprrtnoq 8po,orrlpronoreiror on6 rq l,oyrnl eivCI,t unal,nrotrrd l"dOoq. nqyq rrlg 6pti_ H o'nqrou aivor ro dvonrto, Ko1n l"oymrl Xplorpofior_ sirar yro trlv ernl"rlpoo.n rrlrv Trporponcirv rouq. lki_ vrrrlgoq 0up6paors firlrqto, dvonrro 6e l.ertoupyor5v p6vo otrq lov8poer8eiq quorrdq popqeq.Mo(i ps ro or6po, rivOpolnoq o 6tcr0dtstouynvqoerq Kot 8rrivoto Kor or rriOene6io dnop[r1q ro,6vo.rrrtoer<ppd(o_ roD vru,t ro,rri}"l,q Xertou 1"u,, pyrbvrcr,q oDyKrvrl orord, vorl_ rtrd ror <puotrd. Ito orl,r1p6 oycitvo enrBirrloqq rrlq o tiv0potnoq t6o.o ro puo,}.o 6oo ro,r roug Xpno'rpoTrorei puolveg tou, rvcirto o'e(ouol,tr6 6vo.trrro 6ev e[uvr_ l"eiror orn quorKqnpdqrng o,vo,nopoyoyng. Aiveror dp<poor'1 o,ur6 ro orlpeio, enet8rl Bpi_ o'e oKrrobr rl"er6i yro rnv nparrmrl etpuppoyq Vu_ to rrlq (ror1. Xol,oyiaqorrlv ovOprrtnrvq To o'uvoroOrlparo nrlyci(ouv ano ra 6vonrcto,. dva o'uvoio0r'1pro pnopei vo OerrlpqOeiunoretpevtnl 6yr1 q ev6q evotirrou. Av rrinoto dvo.trrro enwvyyavrrro orono rou vrcrt0oDps eD1opio.rqoq. onor61rt,t6tr ov uno<pdpoupe' 6raro'0ovdpo,o.rs CI,fiorDyia, ov rqv rore vrol0oupe q68o. Me rrlv ep<ptivro'r1 onoroubqnorr oDvolo0rlporoq rrinoro 6o0rirepo dvo'tmtonpdner dler 8pooiqptovcr norqOei. Eivo,r)"orn6vqoveprl11 rupicrplq eni6pcorl rrDv evotiKrov ou1 (ror1poq. ornv ftpoTpottK6tlra, iorogeivor or pi(eq rti0e rivrlrpoD.

O MHXANI'MOT TOY NOY

Ktinore q yulol,oyia unaoyol"aito tlt rtq l"oytrdg tov dvo 8to8rrooisq Kol 0ecopo6oe dvOprono op0ol"oyronr6 nl"dopo. Xiyoupo o rc,0qpeptv6gdvOponog tou, c,l.l,dor or5ylpovtqVDIoetor vopi(a rov ecrur6 ror66etfov ftroqrtvr1tr1ptcr Drivoprq l"oytrdq 6peuve6 q ],oytrq, q onoia, rcl eivCI,r oDvolo0rlpotcrrcrr o1t rov oDvoto0rlptiaivor dvo epyo)"eioott'1vunr1peoio
T(DV.

40

KEOAAAIO VIII

TO ENETIKTO THX AYTOEYNTHPHEHE


To dvormro rqq' crutoouvrqpqolqep<povi(ero,r orrl o'uveiEqoq rn popqn rqq 6cr0tdpr(copevqq pe npoor<6),),qor1q (cor1, enrOupic, (rrlqnoDXc,poorrl rqv yto rtqpi(er rdOe (rrlvrovrlrinop(r1. Aur6 to dvo.ttrcro eivcn nou pe crnl"6rp6no ),erto6pyeio.eo,nl.dopyovopdveq undp(erg, onoieqo6rlyeivo ovo,(qtorjv trg tporprlro,r va,o,no<periyoDv riv8uvo. ro i6to npotpdner rov ro orlvOero opyovlop6, tov no),ttrop6votivOprrlno, vcl artel"ei nol,uorjvOeteq 6po,orrlprdtrlreq (vo, Byd(er yrc ro ycrlpirou)). Kard 6do'q eivcr eyrorottr6 6vottrro, ener8rlna,porptiverto riropo vo ev6ro,<pdpeto,t yto,u1 Dmrl p6vo rou rcrl,ondpcrorl vo ord<pretor Ko,1 rouq til"l,ouqpdvo 6o'o 11frucp(r1rou e(optur,at uno q 6rrq roug. 1I.1. ro ruvqyr o,nc,yopedero,l eno1r1rrlq CI,vCI,fio,poyorqv yqg rcrlv0qpcrpdrcov, o,n6np6voroylo,to, (rrlcr, oXL o,),)"ci enerbrl eivar 1pr'1olpnI 8rcrrrrrvro.r.l ei8ouq tou rouq. H eni8poorl rou ndvrrogoulvri e(ro-opponeircrr o,n6'c,a ril,l,o 5r1o peyd)"o, rlvottrto,, fioD1.1 enrpporlroug pnopei vu,Duvoprooer t6oo riroterdnotoq oXt p6vo vo
4l

O MHXANIXMO'

TOY NOY

cryrl<p4oet oup<pdpovrti ol,l"ti Kor vo npoorpdpet ro tou, xq (on roD y10touq d),l"ouq. Yndplouv ei6q (crlrov oro, onoio nopouotti(ovror p6vo to 6votmto, o,utoouvttlpnonqKor crvoTropoyrrryqg' o}")"tioto (rrlo?rou q ouTKevtprfivovro,r oy6l"eq os rond6rc,,c,vc,nt6o'orror rpito 6votrrro, To Korvcoro 'Orov yiveror vrr6. crut6,q ),etroupyia evorirtou tou rnq o,Droouvu'1pr'1or1q rponofioreitor rcordno]"rj'to riropo 6e lproorri nl.dov u1v rincrpfqrou p6vo orq 6rjvopn vo, oDplrop<prirveto,t ro nepr6d),),ov, al,l"d elrt (aptdro,r rrJpro,on6 rqv rra,v6rqto, vcr 8tcrtqpei rr'1 06o11 oro ronri8r Ko,rpe 6tioq rnv Korvovrrq optou ytivrooqovcrnr6o'orro,r rcrOqrovrnq rcpoooppoynq ro rcrr ant6ioorlq.<Aropn Kol to rccrl"ftepo rprripr ypqTopo ntcivetcr, 6ro,v onopurpuv0ei crn6 to rond8r tou, emr6q o povoltr6q l,riroqnervd>. To i6ro ol.q0erierKol ylo, tov dvOprofto TroD eivo,t enioqq rorvrovrr6 (crro.H 8uotuXio,rqq Kevtpxr'1q Eupolnrlqpe rn 6rdl"uor1 rqq Korvovmrlqopydvrrloqq poq qovrpoor rnv obuvcrocrvouvdnao roD nol"6pou, pio, rou otoprro6 ov0prrrnrvou nl,doporoq Kc,r rnv nlnpq e(dpn1or1 crnorn (crln rou tqq oyel"qq. Ko,r To dvotrrro rnq cruroouvrqpqonq rl ovrl),eq l.ertoupyio, tou un6 ro v6po rrlq quolKr1q enrl"oyqq q0tro)"6ToDq Korvcrlvloui"tr6 oe nol")"orjq Kor 66rrloe 'Oprrlq l"6youq rou ul.totrrcod rfnou. reiVouv vo (e1vor5vfirrlg rI KorvovrKonoiqoq rrlq crv0pconotr'1to,g r'1 tou ..d)"}"o[en1 <prior'1 npo6]"rlpcrroq' povd8oenr6ioo'qq 6ev eivor n),dov to titopo, ol,l"d o rorvrrrvm6q roD onoiou eivor pr6l,oq. vopogrqq oDO opyovrop6q toouvtr'lpqoqq66ooetq 0eoq roD oro v6po trlq opo,42

TO EN'TIKTO THT AYTO'YNTHPH'H:

6xqq ouvrrlprlorlgKol peto,toniorqKs rdvtpo n1q ro yulrrqg 6o,priu1ra,q. Iulv nporunl ryuXol"oyio oIrl pooio crurorj o'rlpeiou pnopeivo nopo,Bl,e<p0ei. rou 6ev Meprroi yuXol,6yor8toXcrlpi(oDv dvorrrro rqq ro 6rotpo<pr'1q rqq o,utoouvtrlpnonq, ono u)"),dTro ttq npornrdq e<poppoydq ra,uti(ovrcrt. Erpoppd(ovroq 6e6opdvo, ryulo)"oyiu,q ro, u1g o.tov a,vOpconrvo oGpulv (eXvdpr Trrlrq Dl[rlor 1opo,rrr1po, l,6tepo,oventuypdvoug tfnouq crvOprrlnov dvonrto ro rnq CI,uroouvrqpqoqg rKo,vofio]'Jat 6ev anluaps rrl ouv6lto'q rrlq qDo'rKnq (onq' ert6g o,n6n1v oDroouvtrlpqorl rng o'rrlpo,trrr1q fnop[r1q undpXerKo,ltl o,Droouvn1pqo'rlrrlq ftpoo'olrrK6tqtcrq ov o riv0pcoKor noq 6ev 6yet n)"and na6io o,utodrgpoongKo,loDroovdnru(qq, 0o,rora,rl"ri(eta,rond n1v oio0qo-r1 rrlq ovendpretcrq a,tdl,ero,q Xo,po,Ktqpi(er Ko,ro,Ko,r Trou rIV nieoq ev6gevoriKrou.

43

KEOAAAIO IX

AE@ENEIEE TOY ENETIKTOY THE AYTOEYNTHPHEHE


To dvotmro rqq cruroouvrqprlorlE, nqyd(er on6 nou rqv oioOrloq rnq oroprrdrqroq KCr,l 8rcrlcrtpropori, tou sivor to rivqtpo rnq ouroant6e6airrlorlg. Kri0e p6),og q tqq aydl"q nptner roq6vo 6cr0p6 oDrorTrr6e6orovevo ro1 fipoKetpdvou Erorrlpeirq Oeoqrou peto,(6rarv vo ouvrp6grov.Av 6prtlqoutrl q nor6tqru, unepdXet u11 orepei ano ra"rcrOteprrlpdvcr np6runo,,t6te q enr6iroo( rou rtv8uvefer' 5r1),o8r1 n cruroenr6e6uicrlorl ov eivu,re)"l,ernrlq, 0a,61erto pepi8rofioDroD o,vo,),oyei 6e oro p6oc,8ro6iroorlq fioDTro,ps1ovror orqv opd6o fioll o,vqrer.Av ovtiOerouruep8dl"l,er, nt0av6 vcrfiopepTro6i(er rqv rorvrovrrr"lopytivcooqrcrr iorrlq obrlyrloer ornv Ko,ru,orpognrnq opd8oq KCr,1 orqv crnopptryrl rou o,n6outr1. H percopdvq ovrcrn6Kplonoto dvotrKro ouroou,-vrnpqonqo<peil"erot ouvrl0coq 6CI,0rd pr(ropeveq yuoe nol,6 ofvOereqylo vo ovol"uOoriv a6o. 1onoOol,oyieg, MnoporJpe 6proqyevrrcd nodpenolgoutrl n cr,Troruvo, yia eivur crnotdl,eopro Dtdonoo'qq rrrrv o'r61rovotov
44

A'@ENEIE' TOY EN:TIKTOY THX AYTO'YNTHPH>H:

oouvei8rlrovoD,dror nou ro dropo 6eveivar oiyoupo fiorov eour6 o<peil"er oDvrlprlber ra,r 6e ouvtqpei vCI, rcrv6vo,. H unep6ol,r'1 otrlv auroouvtrlpnon o,vcrntfooetCI,t oulvti o'to nu,r6inou 8uorol"efrqre nol,6 vo o,voKcrl,riyer Kor vo er<pptioer o,rol.nK6tqrd rrlv tou. To dvonrro rrlq outoouvrrlpqonc enrbpdrcorol,utrrd orrl (cotrr6rqrcr. Kd0e nopo,rnplnr6q dvOpo> noq Ocr dlet npoodfer n6oo efrol,CI, unorfnrar or oo06veteq dnorog 61ooe to otrlprypo rng (cor1q 11 tou eyror6),etverrlv el,ni60,.

45

KEOAAAIO X

TO ENXTIKTO THE ANAIIAPATOTHX


Aur6 ro dvortrro eivCI,r pTlxovrop6q Orioqqnou o rrlq e(oogcrl,i(etrq Dra,rrrtvlol eibouqKo,r DrroKslperou Tl vmq 6yq roD nopoDotd(eto,t rrl tropqn 6l.orvtrrrv ps ouvoroOrlptircrrv oro0r'1orovnou o.1eri(ovror pe ror ro oe(. M6),rq lKo,volrorl10orjv a,ncrtrqoetq or roD evoriKroD rnq o,uroo'uvtqp.noqq ro riropo o,ro.0dvercrr KCrr oo<pol,6g,pd<peror r rordl,l"r"1l"o, o,vo,nrf Ko,r oorrol rKo,volrolqrlKri, n (atn taivet vo (e1etl"i(erto yeptiro Doyultrq outrl nieoq 8rlproupyei oefoucrtq leio ror 11 l"rrr1enr0upicr. To oe( 6|rrtlq6ev npdner vu, erl.o,p8dvetorp6vo o'rn qDolKr1 tou er6r1l"roor1, ener6qepneptdlerrn oDyKrvnolcr,Kq rot vorlrtrq 6ryr1.Aev np6rettat an)"u y1o pro unepleil"ror'1 evdpyero,q rord trlv npri(q rqq tervonoiqo'4q, u,l,l,dpr rnv 6votor.1 nupayeratrl efi1Oupioc,vovdrrro'qq rrl0qorlgyrcr(ror.1. Kor Autoi ftou o,v*ol"oyr(dprvorro ovOpcilnrvo, npo6l,r1poro, 6ev pnoporlv vcr6ouv ndpo o,n6ro rpuorr6 un68o0porou or(oucrl,morievotirrou, o'iyoupo, ordyetq roDqCI,Koot l.ou0orjv)"ri0oqpovondrr.
46

TO ENXTIKTO TH' ANAIIAPA|O|HX

@ecopaito,t ra,v6voqfirrrq enro.rqpeq ryulol,o_ or rqq yioq ro,r rrlq gDo.lol"oyioq o<peil,ouv nCI,popduouv vCI, ouotqpci 8ro,lroptopdveg. rrrot6oo,p6vo oe o.uvtiprq., orl pe aurdqrrg 615o pnoporlpre avcrl.fooupe vo rc,rtil._ ro oe(ouol,rr6 dvo.trKro,o,eou q oaloual,trrl lni." 8poorrlptotqro l,ertoupyeioe dvo yuloguoiol"oyrrd nkl"ropo' or opyovlrdq oro0rloerq8reyafpouv ou_ ro .Orcrv va,ro0r1poro ereivo,ovtt6pofv ota 6pycrvo,. Kor pro oe(ouol"xq atrdvCI, a,vo66ero,t voD,nporcrl,ei oro rnv fipoKc,taprrtrq ovri6pcrorl rov quorKcrlv opyrivolv drgpoolq' KCrroftoroo8rinoreepe0ro.pdq, dom ror ru1a,ioq,Tov guorrrrrv opyrivotv,reiver o,tq 611_ proupyicrptoq o,vriorollnq oDyKrvrlororrlq ru,rrioro,_ ong. To epdOropcr, q a,vo,Xoirrorl 11 tou, endplrror or onoto8rlnote oqpeio roD VD1oquorol.oyrrori-rurl.cil_ p(lroq. To oe(ouol"rrd dvo'trKrooTroral"ei nuprlvo,e_ tov vdg repdorroD oupTr)"dyporoq, ro [enepvd pdvo noD ereivq 11opd6o rSecDv rnrKrvrpcirveru,r noD yr5prrr un6 rqv i6ro rrlv o,ropl.r6rqto. H evdpyetci 8ro,nepvti rou edrol,a rri0e rbdo rcrt Dpooulprdulto ?toD ofioro_ t-re Drlnotexpono oyeri(erat pmrrlv tra,vonoiqoq rrlg oe_ To [ouo]"rrr1qentOupioq. vn5o.rpo, onixt, ot, ,pi],o_ ro 6o(ieq, ro ra,06vo, dl.crpa(i,ioroq otpeil.ouv rv_ rcn ro 8rcrgdpov fiou roDqenl8etrvfetar oro ovofiopo,yoyr_ rd dvorrrro, To onoio ro,Xpqolponoreiocrvp6o.c, mcr_ vonoiqorlq rou.

KEOAAAIO XI

ANAfITYEH TOY ENXTIKTOY ANATIAPAfOTHX


To oe(ouol"tr6 dvotrKro, orrlv nopeicr crvdntufrlqtou o,n6rq vqntcrrcrl 6Vn rrlqtrlv egq6rrrl tou er8rll"cooq, brdplerot on6 eubrdKplrsq <pdoerq oroDq prl VunoD 'E1ouv eivo,rel"dlto'to yvrrrotdq. 6lrroq lo0eponeutdq peydl,rl oqpcroicryra, rti0e ernorbeuttr6 rcrr Korvovtol,6yo. H oe(ouo,l"rr6rqrorou no,rbrori eivu,ranlvapro 6uvor6rqtcr dvrl"qoqq rrcrvonoiqolq crn6peprrti ouvoroOt1pcrrcr Orcirvercn pro 8rdlurn Kor a,rcr06prror oov o'rr1oioOqoq' 6oo ro norbi peyo,l"rrtvet, q 6uvaourq t6tqccr eotrd(eto,r 6o0prcriooro qDolol"oyrrd rovtil"rcr8pcrotrlpr6rqtoqKo,rpr rov rorroop6 cru(dvetor oe 6vroo'q,6norgcmprBorq yo,l,rlvro rc, vepd ev6qnl"otrod rc,r pqlof noropof 6o0oivouvrcrr yivovro,roppqtrrd orrlv er6ol"r1. Ener8rlrcr evbrcrgdpovro ev6gvecrporj nor8rof orop6vo erreivovrcrt ntpa ano rrq oopcrnr6q tou .6to,rd oro0rloerq,yro o,ur6r'1 fnopfrl tou aivCI,r eyrrxevtprrrl, pe lno 6vvora, nol,U8to,qopertrrlon6 ereivrl fiou crfioSi8oupe oro roprpo titopo. Tcr crvu,nc,pcrycoytrd tou
48

ANAIITYEH TOY EN)TIKTOY ANAIIAPA|O|H,

6pycrvo,raorrtqnpoetorpd(ovror ylo Trq pel,l"ovttr6q rouq l"ertoupyieq, eivCI,r nol,6 eua,ro0qronorrlp6va, roi rrcrvri yrcrevtovdrepo oro0qora,opd a,ndto un6l,otrco orbpo,Ko,tylo, aur6 dl"rouv rnv npooolrl rou. Autd eivo,r otd8ro tou AYTOEPOTIIMOY. ro Enioqq, 01rvrufiootordq er8ql"crloerq 6vc,nor_ ylo Ei, nou oleri(ovro,t Fr u1v e(dornorl rrlrvocrrponrcrtv l,ertoupyrrrtv, npooe),rfouvro ev6roqdpov tou. lIp6_ Karol T1o, KOIIPOOIAIKO otd6ro. ro Apy6tepo, p6l"rq q neprdpyslo, ro o.crtpo yro tou 1Kc,vo7rou'l0ti, upyi(sl n fisprdpyero, ro oropo,to, yro rcovctl.l.rrrv. Eivor ro l"eydpevo OMOOYAOOINKO ordbro, ro,tri ro oruoioev6roqdpsro,r to o.cbparo, yrCI, tou i6rou <prl)"ou ro Drr6 tou. @o pnopodoenro lre o'crt_orri ovopo,orei otd8ro rou o,6ro,goponoir.lrou vo ev8ratpdpovroq, ener6r.1 nor6i ev8roqdpetor ro p6vo yro oo'ougnl"tio'rr1ro,v 6noq ourd, pr1crvttl,op8ov6pe_ vo ,rog o ro,0dvo,q Dro,gopetrrrl dler ratooreurl. Mdl,rq 11neprdpyero, e(o,vrl"r10ei, ev8ru,gdpov ro petcr8r6d(rro,r doougDrogdpouv cur6, ove(dp_ or an6 rqto and to n6oo o.revd ouvbdovra,r po(i rou. }jvro_ pa,nrivtroq apyi(et va Srolrrrpi(etnq dpeo.eq o,n6rrq hty6tapo orevdqoldoerq tou. Aurd or yu1ol.6yo,,o ovopti(ouv (syepoq rrlrvolpopmnrrrrv <ppo,ypcov>>, o,l,_ l.ri oto nar8i epqovi(etot onl.ct oov psrordnror1rqq eotiu,grou ev6ro,g6povroq. prltdpa Ko,l01 u6e),<pdq q tou 6ev to 6l"rouv nla, oXLener8rlvrrrrOer eivoi ncoq l"dOoq o,roOdveror vo {:rot npoq c,urdq, o,},},d enlr8rl n orret6tqto rpdger rrlv firprqp6vr.1or1 rrl0eiortlv ror ro,trio'rool1roD voD Trou er<ppri(ero,r rrl <ppciorl pr <o,_ vorioroq oov gt)"i o6el,<pqq>.

O MHXANDMOE TOY NOY

Tolpo ro not6i d<prooe otqv evr'1l.mq orrioq npoq ro oef ra,r onopdva oro guorrd dpyovo vu,ovo,TrrDe<pq6eio,q, 6ror X0ofv ovriorotlo, ro,td rqv enolq tr'1q pro0eiro rcr"irl,ropo. rirote vo,'oupnl.q

'6.:

50

KEOAAAIO XII

AE@ENEIEE TOY ENTTIKTOY THI ANATIAPAIfITHE


I. Eivot 6uvo,t6vrcrinoro o6r5vu,pou loporulpu, tiropo vc,onotdlrt orqV enireu(q nl"rlpouqryulrrrlq c,vdnru_ (1q ror vo, npooKol"l,q0et oe.rdnoto npor.lyoripevrl qdo'q.'Eror, 11 evql"trrl o.e(ouol.rrrl 8rivopq'irSrll,ol_ vrr01 or plCI, ovrrlprprlpopqn K(Il ro riropo eiv0,rer 'Ooo yeverqq^8rsotpo,ppdvo. nepiepyoKor ov rpaive_ ror, n rSra,rtepdulrtirou 0o,napouo.tri(eror ereivo o.e <puorol"oyrrcrl rc,vovrrcq, ro,r orote6e 0o ooXol,rlOei pe tr1v u,vcinrufq ev6g looppoTrrllulvou ro,t uyrq lopo_ rcrripcr o 6p6poq rnq (rrlng tou dproqgo onoBei 6O_ orol,oq ),6yotrrrrvovun6p6l,4tcrtv,prro8iru orqv tKCr_ vonoirlorl rrlq eprrlrlKrlq qdoqg. rou 'Eyet Srio 6pdpouq.Mnopei va yivet npaypo,trrd ^ 6reo'tpcrppdvog, nepintrrroq otlv onoio 0a,'urpio,roror rnv Korvovmq rcrto,rpauyrlener8ri o,nroreioto ro0r1_ Kov roD ror 6e Xprlollrofiotei rqv nepiooerarqq (oi_ rqg 8fvoprlq y1o trlv u,vdnruntnq cydl.4q,ol,iC fll 8roletefet oe ro,vdl.ro prl ouorropoyryr,*&KCI,r rnv ener8qrdOe oe(ouu,l,mr1 foberieu ro,r o,r6pr1, ovopo,_ '6,5u*pqq l"fo, eivo,t e(o,tpenrri peto,8otrrrl l,6yco,r.1q
5l

O MHXANI'MOX TOY NOY

uno6ol"r'1q, oov no,pri8erypo oo,vno,pu,iveo'q rite eite iocoqo8rlyqo'etrcrr <puorol.oytrd dropo o'eno,p6pore ovrrKorvovrrdq npu\ttg. Aurrl 11crn610ero, opyrl ror roD quolo),oymorlo,t6pounpoq rdOe popqn o,vopo, ),icrq npodpXEraL to ro1up6 dvortrto tqq <pul"etr o,no rqq ouvrqpTlo'rlq. 'Iotog yivet 6voqev 8uvdpet6re6proqo Duo'ruXrlq orpoppdvog,rcrro,nrt(ovtoqorov ooDvei8rlrovoD rnrOupieq l"u,v0u,opdveq' nou vtco0er npoo'nu0aivo, (er rcvovrrcti,ol"l,ri q evql"mrl 6yr1 rou oe( 6ev rov rKo,vonotei ra,r 6o0tti pr6oo rou enrOupei ersivrl tqv o<p6 orrcr'1 6ryr1nou 0s lnptnt vo [eOupdva Kor tr'1vdler Aurrl 11 eyrorol"eiyar. enrOupio, onoioq11 rqq eioo8oq pdeivo,rCI,fioyoprupdvrl ouvei8qorl, eprpuvi(erar otq ocrroupOol,rrrrlver<ppdoecov o,nore),ei Kor tqv o,rtio, nol,),rilv popqorvr pd)"crg vsD Kc,1 potmrrtv 8rcrtopo,iirilv II. Ktinoto ritopo ovcrnt$oorro,l opKrrri <puo'tol"o -ouXvri e),orppfg-11 ytrd, rbonourtinoroq rl"ovroproq rtinoto crvcrirtcr nieo'qrou neptBdl,l"ovtoq, ioroqncrpepno8ioouvteXvqrd rqv avdntu[r1tou't6re 0o,nepaoer on6 nq i6tegprioergpr ro ev 8uvdper 6reo'rpoppd ps vo, ol,l,d 6vroq eqo8rcropdvo rol"rirepo voqtm6 ul"tr6, 0o p6nerneproo6repoottq veupond0areq nopd orqv rpel"o. 'Ooor gpovri(ouv nor6rti,o<peil,ouv npoorllouv vo, yulrrti peto,Xerpr(6pevor vo prlv xo,rpo,Dlroti(ouv 6io Ko,rulropieq, 6rcrvot neprdpysrrq 8pootqpt6tqKo,r req roDqncripvouv oventOr5pr1c1 Mrcr rdroro pe6yq! roleiproq 8toyrcbveravu,incrtcr yeyov6ro oro vol) rrinotou norbrorjror iocoqo6r1yr1oer oropctrnpo o'to q rqq ovdnru[qq orq qdon fiou ovrlTrpoorrrneueo,ve52

A'OENEIE'

TOY EN'TIKTOY

ANAIIAPAIO|H>

ntOriprlrq6po,orr1pt6rqro. e(qyr1oelg 01 oD[rOr Ko,r 6ou1,6q0u, eivo,t crnotel.eopc,nr6repeq on6 ra Xaorodrrc, rcrt 5e Ocr u<pqoouv ovenr06pqtorotd),or7ro,; ilI. To dropo pnopei vo,rprtio.er o,prerq o,orptipe l"aro oe <puorol,oytrrlsvrll,micooq,crl"),detiv, l,6yco Trrrv fisplo'rdoerrlv, evdpyetdq DeBpiorouv 616ot rou (o6o, undpler q68oq vo encrvd),Oouv rrinoro,an6 oe trg fipoyrvdorepeq rprio'etq 6111l,0r vo,crnortqnou Ko,r oat Kinoro, 6ra,or peBl"crlpdvq oe(oucrl"rrqouvrl0eroprs rtq i6req pon6qyra, cro06vercr 6nrogovoqdpopevcrtpiffipcl.

IV. Ynep6ol"trcqo'e(ouo,l"rrr1 Dpooulpr6rr.lro ioroqo6qyqoer orov ropeop6 rcovgDorol,oyrrolvo.e(ouol"rrolv epe0topritrovru,r .nrOovd ro dtopo vo orpa,pei ouver8rlrti oe oqforrrq popqsq rrovonoiqoqq el,ni(ovroqvCI, eDXoprorrlOei.

KEOAAAIO XilI

METOYEIOEH

IIp66)"qpro0a nporfrpa o,vnopepno8rotei11dr<ppcroq rtinotou evorirroD Kor 61,eg t86eq or nou oleri(ovror lre a,ut6onor0q0or5v ooDvri8rlto. To pr116teoro po p6pogev6qnoto,poripnopeivo,o8etdoerpa tu e),riXLoxa6(o8crfiou oTrolrofvrot ylo rnv orro6dpr1o.r1 ev6g <pptiypo,toq rd0ero,o'rTlvroitq rou. Al"l,d out6 6e l"rjverto npd8l,qlro_roD oDoooprDdpevou qpdypa oto vepof, to onoio rdnorcr onyprl (elfvetcrr oppqnrd ?rpog 6X0eq r1qperorpdnet 6dl.touq.Av eittq Kor oe vcrravtiyrn vo sKrp6youperqv roirq rcdnorourlor,apor5, np6na vo 6pe0eipro evol.l,o,rttnl nopeic,,ytari ro vep6 e(orol,ouOeivo, 6yu,ivero,nd ttq nrlydq rou ror rdncoqnptnet vo pder. Me rdtotou ei6ouqpqlovrrd npo8),r1poro vo 61er oolol"qOei rot o yuXo0eponeutrlq. fvrrlpi(ouprenrrlq peyril"oruoooot6 Tcrrv vorlrlrcirv ro,r veuprrotv6roropoXrov nporo,l"orivror crn6rnv Ko,ro,fiieoq oefouu,rou l,rrorj evorirrou. Xttg vorlttrdg Kor qDorKdq rou 6yerg o,ur6to 6oo116dvortrro eivo,rt6oo Oepel"rcrlSe Kc,1 1oIDp6,cbote'toriropo 6evpnopei vo ro ro,tcrnt6oer rel,eirrrg avro6uva,. Ku,r orire q rorvcovio, pnopei u54

METOY'IOIH

vodDvo,vo ro o<pr1oer u,lol,ivrrlto. Avnperconi(oupe l,orndv evo 6il"rippo:o,norq pio or Korvovrroi Oiopoi anorrotiv vo er<ppri(erar p6vo o.enol,6 nepropro.pdvsq -oto voprpo ytipo, ol,l"d rcn c6ta 61r'evre_ ouv0r'1req l,rrtgoXol,ivotru,. ono tqv dll"q, n g6oTl a,na,rtei vu, ergpd(etol afio rq orryprl fioDro, <puorrti dpyovo, er_ 8rll,rDonq tou eivor ena,prrrtq a,ventuyprduo vcrl,eryro toupyno'ouv. O ouvrlOro'pdvoq riv8poq l.rjver ro np68l,rlpo o.D_ yro,ravedovroqo'rTl 8toulpqo,q ereivqq rrlg nol,rriq rdqq yuvorrrov,?toD rinop(r1roDqoyvoeirot rorvo_ rl vtrti rc,r 0eroporlvtcrL n\yTl pr(dptoq,cro06veroq r_ Ko,r yrl,r1potoq' yro ttq yuvoirsq, ercrdqou ,rpoirorpo_ o'toriv vu eto6l"0ouv pdvtprCI, rd[r1 rrov'yuvo,*otv orl1v TroD o,vCI,qdpope, undpla Korvovmrl 6a),Bi6o, 6ev o,_ 'Etot orpo,l,eic,q. fiopCI,rrlporlpe uvdpeod touq, os ps_ ycl,rirepo6o0po an6 o,rt oroDqdv6peg, veupirdq5ro_ rupaytq nou orpeil,ovror rcrtonieon roD oe(olol,t_ oe rod evorirrou -nptiypo Troutolrier Ko,r Tro,toug riv_ 6peqor onoior, eire un6 r6eol"rop6 eire 966o yio o_ o0dvereq, 8ivouv 5rd(o6oo.rr1 6e oe(ouol,mr1 enr0upia rouq. To np68l"rlpo ono8errvu6rsv f6ro 6uoenil.u_ 0o ro To oro',pdl"l"ov, 6oo r1rov Ko,roro nopel,06v, 6e ov yvcopi(opetrilpo ncrlE guomoq v6poq rnq psrorpo_ o finq rnq evdpyeroq ond tq pta pop<pr1 orqu'dl.l"r1r_ o'16erKo,r o'rnv ryulol"oyicr.H oe(ouol,xr1 8rlvopq pnopei vCI, yro, Iplorponorrl0si Kc,r. dl,l.ouc oronorji ntpa arlo rr1 guolrrl o,vofio,poyroyr1. rt 6to6rro_ Aurrl oicr c,voorpoqnqeivcrrrelvmd yvrootr1 oou METOY_ IIO>H.

O MHXANDMOT TOY NOY

llp6rerrol yto plo u,ndrrg onou8ur6reprq ovoKol"riyerqrqq oriylpovrlq l1lD1ol"oyiu,q, oqori e[oo,,tpo]"i(er rq l,6oq oe 6o,orrd rotvcovrrti npo8),qporo Tron enrBoul.eriovror 6opr1 tq rou nol.toopori pcrq. llcrlq pnopei nparnrd vcrentreuX0ei ourd to o,not6l,eopo; flpcora o)"),d(ovroqevtel"rilq ordoq poq npoq tq ro oef ru,t o'uver8qtonotrirvtoq evu,np66)"r1po, Trcrrq 6e l"rjvercrr no,po,6l"6novro,q rincrp(q rou. Aeftepov, trlv Byti(owoq ro oe(ouc,l,m6npd6lnpo crn6tqv 7rep1ooro ouver6qr6voD,ovttpretoniXq tou oouvei8rlroD (ovrriq ro 6vrrpo,, onorrcovto,q KDplc,p1io, nrivrrr pe roD tqv e(riornoq roD el"eylourqq or6yrlq Kcr,r prro,ororru, pa,g letrrrvovrcrq oDv0,1o0r1pcrtti c,vri v0,r0 rc,r0ntd(oupe' tpitov, e(oo<pcrl,i(ovroq ro,vdl"r 6rlptoupdva, yrrori ev6to,<pdpovtoq ro onoio vu, rul.ofv ot eo,n6 vdpyereq nou entOuporipe errpdryoupe vo on6 xo ,rpoto,pXtr6 pedpcr er6r1l,roor1q roDq. To rl"et8i rou npo8l"r1paroq Bpiorercrt oro 6tt 11 (onq ra,reu06varutnrivrom oro oqpeio 66vopq rnq rou ev6ro,<pdpovroq. to ev8rcr<pdpov q npoooXrl Av Kor entrevrpcirvovrcn qDo1K6a,ro0rlotoo'p6, o'To r6re 11 (otn1 6rlvopr1 pdet,11 npoonoOei pdet,pdorrl 0c, 0o vo roD o,yoTorj rcovCI,vofiCI,poyroytrcov opydvrrlv' crvtrlq 11, q crnoTopeDrei er6r1l,rooq, t6te 0o nopo,pdva 6ropo rr1 brdyeporl'ov 6pcoq evbto<pdpov perCI,ronrorei to oe rdnoto oDyKrvrloror6q vorlttrd enine6o,q Orivcrprl ,Jnq (onq 0o 6per 516[o6ooe 8r"lproupyrKn 6poo'rr1pr6rr1ro,u,urcrrv rrrrv anine8cov ro,r 0a, u,noorjpa rnv nieoq crn6ro <puorr6. Or voqtrrdq ror quoxdq ouvq0ereq ptog (olr1q 6ev
56

METOY'IQ'H

(enepvor5vro,t efrol,o,, c,l,l.d, edv or ordryerqo,fioporpdvovrc,r oroOepdKor Dfiopoverrrdofto rrl <puo.rrr1 eulo,piouloq Ko1ouyravtpcrlvovrrr,r e(roreptrri evoe 6ru,rpdpovro, 6o40q0or1pe ro v6po rrlq vorlrl0o on6 rqq ra,t puorrrlq ouvrl0ero,q Tl (rorrr.1 Kol 8rlvcrpq 0o ptiOer pderp6oo on6 ro vdo o,yrrryd o,o<pril.ero, va pe yro ro ritopo Ko,r rDrpyenrti yro tqv rotvrovicr. H 6ro,6trca,oicr el.eylou tqq ordyrlq Dsvnpdner rou vo ouyldero,rpr rq 8rriolton rcDV r8e6v. Iu1 6tdo1tor1 6ev eipo,oreripror ps rov eour6 po,q, opvoripoote nolqundploDvorn edon poq opro-pdveq nordrnreq. 01 r6deqnou oyxi(ovror po(i rouq KCI,ro,nrrl(ovra,r oro o,ouvei6r1t6 KCI,r paq CI'uyKpo,rorjvco,r rov cmo$oro on6 oo'uvei8rlroel,eyrrrl. Avri0ero, orov 6l"ey1o n1q orc6yqq ono8el6pcrote rqv npcor6yovrl nl,eupdrqq qrio'nq pog Ko,rfipooTro,0orjpe rnv ernor8edooDlrs' vo, sner6q l"orndv yvotpi(oupr nrrlqq eppovq o.evorlttrdq err6veqoe(oual,xnq ugqq 8r"lpnoupyei rpuorrq o,vri6po,or1, o,norl.eioupe trq o,n6rr1 o.uvei6r.1or1. fieornv pintrrlorl aurrl 6pcrlq crnrrrOrloq yivetor orov o,oD11 6e veiDqto vou, u,),)"ri orov l[poouver6rlrdrcn 6vcrg oru6 touq erodotoDqel,eyrcdq roXDpofiolei tqv evtol.rl rcrt ncrpo,pdver rov 6l,syX6poq. un6 Ie rd0e rrovrKTror6eunrq* bra,Drro,oiu, npdnervo
q I >.r.tr. Me tov 6po crutdevvoeiru,r 6ra6rrooio ereivq erpriouvr10ercttv anoryeovoe ovtrro,tdoroorl rctnorrcor honq vdr-ov ov oppoorTlpdvov.fldpo cru6rn 1pnon roD oe geponeieq 6ro_ voqtmorv 8toropolrrlv,IpnolpororrlOrlre yro rnv encrvdvra(q eyrl"qpotrrrlv ornv KolvcDvio on6 Drdgopeq rcn rcu8epvqoelq Tlo rouq uvtiOetouq ro orSorqpa pe 6rurcu8dpvr1or1g.

O MHXANI'MOX

TOY NOY

0up6poote[erdOopo, 8rogopric,vtipeo'o tr'1 otrlv c,nco0rlon Kc,trn 6rdo"Xror1. Irrlv rotvrrrvrrq (corieivcrru,vorc6<peurroq 6vcrq6o0p6q ro,ranieoqq. ro06vo,g0uorti(er rdctt o,n6rtq fipoo'o)nrrdq entOupieqywyarou pq rrrrvnl"eoverrqptirrov oDvepycroio,q roDqournq pe vrp6gouq rou Kor ourrl q 0uoro(6pevr1 ev6pyero, orp6qtrcr,ror Korvovtrorigoronofq. H Dtdolro'q 6proq, eivcrtno0ol"oyioro,r nord 6ev npfna vo ev6i6oupe.

.
-' .k:

58

KEOAAAIO XIV

AYTilPOEAPMOIH ETO IIEPIBAAAON KAI YYXOIIA@OAOTIA


H to(rv6pnoq rrrrvoo0everovyrv6tcrvu1v enoXrlnou ro ocopcr 0errlpeiro.to o'rjvol,otou av0pcilfiou Kor o vouq uo'qpovro Dnorrpol6v pq8oprvr.l pe eni6pooq. H tinoyrl poq Bd6cno dl.l"o(e pr(trd on6 rrq o-rJyXpoveg a,vorol,riyerq. llo),),6q voqttrdq cro06vereq 61ouv <puotrrlcrrtic, ra,r 6av nptnet vo Oerrrpofvtu,r ro,06l.ouvonrlKdq.E6o) ovqrouv or voqaK6g 6tu,rcrpo,1dq o<pefl,ovror nou oe a,o'0dvercr 6l"d6q rou eyr6<pol,ou. rl npo6l"r.1poro pnrpoq' rc,ro,o'rrioerq pol"uopdvou cripcrtog el.),ernr1 ro,r l,erroupyicrrrov ev8orprvrovo8dvcrrv, onoior aivar ot 16oo CI'Tlpc,vrlKoi, ror t6oo l,iyo rotcrvoqtoi oe aLLa pog' enioqq or nol,l"dq til,l,eq crrrieg nop6proroq q6onq. Av ogrloouperard pepoqa,urotjrou ei8ouqcro06vrrrq, lre r1q onoieg q yulol,oyio Boomd 6ev o,o1o_ l"eira,r, noporr1prlooupe or rpoTlrorlKdq 0a, Trcrlq vorlrrrdq oo'Odveteq bro,rpofvroryevrrd orlq sK yeverrlgrcu, ttq enirrqreq. trrr1ver yevetrlgoo0dvero, o,vc6pol.o to riropo ro,roppderoe guotol,oytr6 nepr8d),l,ov,evol

O MHXANI'MO:.TOY

NOY

orrlv enirrqtq oo06vero, guorol"oytr6 dropo ro,to ru,ppdet oqdoxo nept6d),l.ov. oe Kur ong 6rJo firplnrciroerg u,norel"dopcrto, ro, i6to, u,l,l"d Oepcrtc eivo,t r.1 neiCI, rCI,t01 fipoofirmdg ovdppoorlg nol"rj Drcrrpopettrdg. H 8rolrrlprotucrlypoppn perofri uyroriqru,r o,o.Oevr1 vou 6e 8rorpivrror er5ro),cr, al,),d pnopor5pe vo Oeorpor5pe o,oOevq vou fiou ofio.EDyyava o,vuro vo, 6prio'er<puorol,oyrrri oto nepr6dl"),ovrou. ouvencilg, 6ru,vyeyov6ro, nou 0o 6<petl"ov Foq ouyrl.ovioouv vo poq o<prlvouv u,ouyrivnroDq, poq c,vo,o'ro,tcrtvoDv c[n orlpovto npaypara, r6rt pnoporipevo 0eropqooupe nroqo vouq po,q6e 6oul,e6etro,l"d. Aq pnv (elvdpe 6d6orcr nCIq vorlnrrl 8rotcrpolrl upyi(et on6 rrlv 6n crporl,trlv rorti0l,ryq ra,t rrlv ctoXrlp1pvnpn, pd1pr rlq o,rpaieq erbql,rrloerq rov 6tcr<p6prov pop<pcbv rp6l.o9. fleproo'6repo 6uo6rdrptroq aivot o 8tolrrlpro.p6q rqq veuprrqq ond n"18ravoqnrrl ao0dveto,crl,),d11 crioOrloq x\q Tlpayp"c,nr6rqra,g pnopei y1o Trpo,Kttrodq oronoriq vo,Xpnolpofiorrl0eioov 8rulroptottrrl ypoppn' p6l,rqrdnoroq ldver rqv a,io0qonrqq npayporrrdrr1roq,nepvda ornv ncrprivora. veupronr6q O yvropi(erncrrg rdrr 6ev ndat rol,d trro(irou, o)"},dnalq o r6o;.roqeivCI,r evrd(er o ncrpti<pprrlv nrorefer nrrlqeivot evtri(er, o,l")"d rritr 6avntier rol,ti pe rov r6opo. Mdvtpoq or61oq rou vou eivar q 6rorr1pr1or1 opoldootv pe ro ritopo Kor ro nepr8til,),ov. vo ;rovrrrrrv e(oo-rpal,ioer rnv fipoo'opptoyrl vo Xpno.rponotqrar o'er 6oo rcol,rjrepa pnopei rtq 8tu,prroq percr8o,l")"6peveg ouv0rlKrqottq onoieq un6rertur o opyuvrop6q.
60

AY:TPOXAPMOTH KAI YYXOI]AOOAO| IA

Av onouj1er,evrpyonoreiror vdpogtqg enrBicoorlq o rou rcto,l"l"r1l"6repoD e(ovrcover Kor aut6pro,ta, o_ To, toipta,orc, -6ocr ondtD1o,vvo, fipooo,ppoocoriv oqq o'uv0qreq (rDr'lq. onotulio otqv ftpoooppoylliool H vo o<peil"eror pio an6 uq Dr-io or orrieq: eire eivor CI,_ vrrrpcrl"o tiropo 11 nepr6ri)")"ov. ro ro Ot oriylpovrg Korvrovrrdq ouv0rlreq proq nol,rtroprvqq rorv6rr1rcrq teivouv vo uruorprlVoDV out6rrlv porq e[6vrooq rou o,to,iprooroD vo rou enrtpd_ Ko,r TroDV (er. Ae 0o u,o1ol,r1Ooripe pe <puotrdq vo, e8rrl crnotulieq fipoooppoyrlq nou oqeil.ovro,r 8uopopqiart oe 6l,l,eryr1oOdvouq, ol,l"d 0o neproptotofpe oro npd6l,qpa rqg Trpoooppoynq voqttrd enine6o. oro Av undpXer buorol"iovoqtlrqq fipoooppoyrlq oro nepr6d),l,ovKor orqv erJpeo.rl movonoiqo.qqKor yol,qv1e, ro riropo tpy*at avrrpdrrrrno ro r6td(ov pe npd8l"npo vo 66voror vo, oDvrlioer rq guomrl (ror1 rou, o,l,l"d vo prl pnopei vcr Bpet voritmrl yo),lvn. Ilporetpdvou vo ovc,KoDqlo0ei CI,nd tqv crvun6qopn rcrtdoroon rvrpyofiotorjvtc,r o,ouvei8rlroopropdvot pn1ovlopoi. Aarroupyorivoov ftpoqul,artqpeqq a_ popnodp ourorivqroDKor ps rrlv npoUnd0eorl ro firoq riropo 6ev noperrl"iver nol.rj on6 rov Ko,vovm6 trjno nou ru,rprri(eroro nept6d),l"ov, ra0alq enioqg ro,r drr ro nepr6ril,),ov (e<periyar 6ev nol,d ano a"qnpo6ro,ypcr<p6q or6pou, a,uroi or lrrl1ovropoi npoo.totedouv rou onotel"eopcrtrrdTo ouvoroOr.lpcrrd a,n6rouq o6urou orilnqtouq rl,ovroporiq rov neprordoeov Kor ro rdvoDV rKov6vo 6rorrlpeirr1Dro,voqtrrq roopponiaro,r ycrl,rlvqtou. Av 6pcoq dvtaorl nou elo,oreitor oro al.orrlpto 11

O MHXANI'MOX

TOY NOY

roD VDIrKod u,propoodp eivot peyo,)"ftepr1 crutrl ond fiou lrfiopei vo o,vte(a, t6te 6evCI,rol,ouOei op0r1 enovo,<popti, on6re onoppuOpi(erat pq1o,vro-p6q vou o rou ro,t crur6er8ql"rrtverCI,r veupmdq ps Ko,rvonrlKdqDrcrrapaytg. 'Onrrlqo'upBoivetKo,rpr rr1 <puorrrloppoorr.o,,11voqrtrr1 ooOdveta eivo,rpra,npoo.ndOercl rfiov6p0arqq trlq OrSoqq o,Dror\anatd.cat. nou No,, l,otn6v, or tt o'uvioruto,lTlvorluKr.loo0dverc, (or opyovrrdq onorl,aiovtar ef opto.pori) -npdrertcrr ytc[TTlv ovri8paoq roD voDo'r 6,11 6evpnopeivo cr<popotcrroer. Ouorrd, 6evnpdnerv([ oeroporips epevooCI,v 6l,d6aro rtiOe voqrrrrl 6roro, paxr1.Kd0e buocrppovrn1 l,erroupyio rou vou to,(tvopeirot orrlv Vu1ono,0o)"oyia, q onoia,rol.dnter 6vcreupri<pdopa, ooOeverov. 'Oncoq or ooporlrdg oppcrlotreq 6ra,6u0pi(ovror on6 pto, el,orppricr6ra0aoiopdlpr rq por.paio opyovtrq 6l,ri6q, dtor ror or cro0dvetrq vou norril.)"ouvan6 roD rqv eprorrrdrqro Ko,rrnv crpvrloio, tlr1pl rqv n)"r1pr1 rcordppeuon tp6l"og. rqq

62

KEOAAAIO XV

EYTKPOYEH
'Onrog ei6opefiprv, q (oq pc,q nveito,r o,ndtpicr 6ool_ rcddvo'ttrrcr.Me l"iyq oreyTl, 6pcrlg, ra,tol.d6oupe 0a nrrrgourti ro, 6vorrrr,a, fyovraq 8to<popetrrorJq ord_ peprreqgopdqa,vnpdrrrrnu, 6vo Ioue, iootq 6peOoriv io pe ro til"l"o' ourn_!-Iottio.rao.q oroDq yulol"6youq eivat yvrrlo'rr1 IyfKpOytH, o"sv orqv onoio rdnoro dvonrro rKovofiouiror p6vo oe Bripogrtinorou d)"_ l,ou. KdnoLoqn.X. iocogl.rporrovai Kor fipoKapivou vo tKovofiorr1o'er neivcrrou pnoivrl orov Trapo_ rqv o'p6vo rcl"dyer. E6rrtouyrporletu,r rlvo.nrto rrlq ou_ ro toouvrrlprlo'nq pe rqq oyd),r1q: rl.dryeriocoq ov X,ior, tq 06o11 oro rond6t Kor ov 6evrl.ever iorol'i$a_ rou ver. Eivo,ternl,qruroq o o,pt0p6q ereivcrrv 6rol,J_ nou rq derjtepql,rio-qo,noDetrvdovroq 6r5va,pq tr1 ro,t IoDV 0epel"ral6q grion rou evo.rirroDrnq oyel,rlq.O dvOpc,t_ nog rd6etor oro 6fo ra,r pnopei vo,lKovofiorrloerp6_ vo ro 6va dvorrrro or Bdpoqtou dl,l,ou. pro yuvc,iro rou or . Mnopei enio.rlqvo,sprrlmu0ei rrlg narpt8oqrou ono,yoperiouv novtpeurei. vo Igttot E6roouyrpodera,rro oe(oua,l,rrd6vonKro pr ro Kor_ vrrrvtrd. 'Iorrlqor6pl epcrlreu0ei rdnorc, TroD ydpoq o
OJ

O MHXANII,MO'

TOY NOY

Ocrrov ro,ra,otpdryrlolKovoprrd ro,r e8roouyrporiovror ro dvortrro rou oef Ko,r o,utoouvtrlpnonq. r1q Ie rcrOepranepinr,aoq pn)"ordpetot peytil"q noo6rqrcr 66vopr1q 6e 6rori0eto,ry1o roDqyevrrcor5q ro,t oronoriq rnq (rrlnq,enet8rll,op6dverXrrlpol-no, prronrrrl oriyrcpoDo'n svotirtov Ko1ro ro0fvo Xpqo'rponorai ro orjvol.o tqq 8rivcrpng vcr e(ou8etepotoet yro rrlv evdpyao rou dl"l.ou, pe u,not6),sopo, roOq)"rrlvo, vrror o),or),qpq n (rrln rcrtri n1 8w(crycoyrl pd1nq. rqq Eivar yvorot6 fitoqnopolrdver CI,vo,noqriorotoq 6noroq naprndoer r6roro 6il"qppcr 6e 6pcr oe ra,r ro0oprortrd oe ro,v6vo, ropdo rTlq(onq tou. flpfner vo 6pe0ei rdnoro,l"r5or1 ofiolobqnore l.rioq eivor npotrp6tepr'1 Ko,r o,n6tq 8torcbvrorl ofyrpoDonq,n1q onoiogo n6rqq voq eivo,r o,vunoqopoq. Apltrd o dvOprrlnoq np6nervo pe),etqoa fipoorrtrrd o),drl"qpr1rnv un60eon Kor evepyr.rlvrcrq o6pqovo pe rn qtion roD vo 8rrloer virq o'a rdnotov rr1 uvtino,l,o,o,rprlvovtoq ruru,6e6l,11pdvo to dvonrto vo fipoo'oppooteiooo rol"r5repo, pnopei.Aftortai peyri)"r1 8rJvopq ndvrrrrq ourrl 11 enrl"oyqror no)"l"oieivor crviKovor vo,rI <pdpouv ndpo,q. oe Meprroi npoo'ncr0ofv vo,)"tioouvro np66l"r1pcr btotrlprrlvtoqoro voD rcr 6vorrKTo yaptora, Xruoptq notd vo, npo8o,ivouvor ouyrpioerq rrDv r8roirepcovo).r1Oetrrtv roug' 6ncoqKdnoroqroOqyqtrlq,o onoiogttg epydorpeq pEprq6i6oo'Kerrq Oerrlpieq ntpi e\tla[qq ror ttq Kuptordq ro 66ypo rqg 8rlproupyioq' yrcrro yryo6to,v prorrl0qre v6q, en66er(eundppetprl eprnri0etCI, opvrl0r'1re ror vu, ro ou(r1tr'1oer. To pnep6ep6vo puol"o Bpio'reroulvri ptu rpitq
64

'YfKPOY'H

l"rior1, yvrrlotrl oo,v6tdo1roq. Or 6por AfIQ@HXH rar AIAIXIIH o.uvovrrirvteir rcrrxd o'rnv yulol"oymq opol"oyio ra,t n ouyypogdoq rouq drouoe oulvti vo Xpnorponorofvtq,roov vo qrov ovra,l,l,d(rpor,npdypo noD 6e oup6a,iver. AnrrrOr1or1 oqpoivet firllq oprop6veqr6deqa,ncrl0o6vtar orov ooDvei8qto voD Ko,rroDq ofioyoperJerot rftrvo o'rpdryouvo'tr1 ouveiDqoq, rvcb 8rtioXroq orlpcriver ficoqlreptKdq on6 trg r66eg,ovri vc, no,pcrpdvouv oro uo'uvei6r1ro, Srolcopi(ovror on6 tqv o)"orcl"qpcrlpdvrl fipoo'orrlKdtrlrorc,r l"erroupyor5v crve(dptqro.Or 6rjo outoi 8rovoqtrroi no,priyovteq pe)"etq0or5v 0o, ovcrl.utrrri orc, en6pevure<pdl"arcr.

KEOAAAIO XVI

AIIO@HEH

rqq ouvei8nonq, Tl Trpoo.ox4 onopsr}priv6tor onoqo,orourti ono erei. flpoo<perjyoupe uuro to prl1ovroe op6 6rov ero'dp1eto,r vou plo,r8ricr oro nou crvrrpdXercrr ro Xo,portqpo poq 116rav ore<prdpoote ovdppo_ oro, pr ttq yevtrdq ap6te tqq tbroouyrpcroiog poq. A_ np60uporvcrncrpa,8eX0oripe roDro pac ncoq orov 6ro_ 06toupe prcr rdroro, 6yr'1,onopo,rpuvopaomorrd ,rq evoll,rlurfq etroveq.eivor 6pa4 cr66vu,roiva o6qooupe o,n6ro voD pro,r8dcr Ko,rfipooTro0oripe onoOq_ Vcr redooupe.uq r6deqaurdq -enet8rl np6nu va crrtpOr.1redovrat rrinou- oro firo o,fiopo,KpDo.prdvo tfr'o.ucn6 vei6qo-r1 ylo, onrrlq lrdpoq,KC[l vo,ro nor_ipre or ryulo],6yol, rlg oncoOofpe ooDvribrl16 oro praq. 'Orov 0up6pc,otenrrlgrd0e no,r6iysvvtrro,r6voq ptrp6q riyproqKol ftoq prdvo tqv ernoi8rDo.n pe rK?ro_ ._Xwi(eraq0o <pu,vei a,pdo-crlq o nol"rnopdvoqlroq ?rrrlg eour6q 6ev pnopei vcr Dtdraro,r ruvoird npoq u1v npclr6yov4 rpr5o'r1 poq. 'Ol,ot (epoupe nrrlqro o,vrKnoi8auto na,r6teiva,reyrrrtottr6ro,t 6pcoprKo.Kc,r nrrlg
66

ATIO@HXH

epeig, Trprvn arnoi8euorl aplioer vo enrbpd nrivr.rr po,q, eipcroteenioqg eycotordq 6pcrlprror, pnoro,r 6ev 'Opcoq, poripe l"oyrrd vo, ro opvrlOoripe. dvo <pr),euonl,oXvo ntn),o )"rlopovrrigorip0qre rco,rd prlroq ouqq tnq nepr66ou, ener8rl ovonru10r1Kc,pr rdrr rdo o'o 6ro,<popanro o,Tr eipoore, dtot nou o nprrrr6uno yovog euurdqpoq rotdotq rdu to evteloq eX0prrd KCr,1 Ko,Tcr,qefyoupre a,ncrt0qon vCI, orqv yrCI, epno8iooupe our6 ro 8uodpeoro<ptivroopo, upXrrrlg qfonq rrlq vo ero6dl,)"er orqv autoerripno"qpoq. Kd0e 166o, onol"ittotqq q6onqnou erodplrrol oro voD, TrpoKcrl"ei rdnorcr c,vron6Kprorl u,n6pdpouqpoq -e6rrl ogeil"eror 11enrrulicr rov o,lo'Xpcrtv rotoprcrtvener8qq nprot6yovrln),eupd6ev n60a,ve ro,pd(ercrt rcrl o'rov r5nvo u1q ov o,rodo'er vdto, tqq i6tuq ouprcr o,qDfivi(ouv rrlv ro,rrbteprl 1v6u1roq' 6to't, r8deqTroD q6oq po,g, crnrrrOorjvto,r ypnTopooro oouvri6qro nprv prrCI,rpcr,fiorjv 6pdor1.Boomri 11onrrt0rlo'r"1 o oe eivor pnXovrotldg cr,uroor1cpdpaq. tIq llopop6vet ovorlrd ro (rltqpcr u,vq u,nrrl0qoq eivCIrqDorol.oytn'111o,rpriotrq'ov ofioml.ei pdpoqtqq l"erroupyiog roD Dyroriq q np6netvcrOecopeirc,r vou r.IDrpcripcrq n5l,rrlpCI,, npoorcd0ercr pdpouq prCI, a,nd 1trc6 tqq rpdoqgvcr ev8uvo,prfroer orlpeio nieorlg, fioD, 6vo o,vKo10errlpeiror ripuvo,teiver vcryiver cro06veru,. Enioqq ovorlro eivCI,r (ntnpo rou p6),outqq to ouvei6qo'r1q ornv onrrlOqo'q. Ka,td tq yvrrlprlpou, pro 166onpdna vo eivar nopofoa, orrl o'uvei6rlor1 nprv rcoro,voqOei rpr5oq 11 rnq Kor ol,orl,rlproOei rpioq 11 rou 0o o8qyrloerotov efootpu,rropdrqq. Eivcrt 6potqoiyoupo fioq ov eipo,otecrprerri6uvo67

O MHXANDMO>

TOY NOY

roi, 0a, pnoporjou,pe ovulrsrconiooupeu,urri ro vo, npoBl"rlporo oro ouvsr6r'1td voD pe rov il"eylo rrlq ordyr"lq' q onotOrlo'r1 o,norel,ei rrlv evcrl"l.cmtrrrl )"6o11 p6l"rg 11nprrlrrl o,pruwmr'1 ypotll.rTl unolroprloel ornv d<po6o rcorrbtrpnq cr1q 6\rqq rqq <p6oqq paq. fro out6 r'1 oncrl0qorl pnopei vcrOecoprl0ei ovri8pc,orll"6yol oCI,v o8uvapicrg'o voDq rrou Trpoooppoorqrer6l.ero oto neprBdl,l,ov roD ogeil.ervo,CI,qoporcbver epnsrpia rdOe Kor vo loXDpofioleirotp6ou, ono rq Dro,btrc,oio,.

68

KEOAAAIO XVII

AIAEXIEH
O pr'11o,vro'p6q onrrl0qorlqCI,vrllmrcllfii(er qq rrcrvonorqrrrd trq 8uodpeoreq ordyerq nou ero6dl.l,ouv. u_ ndplouv 6pcog neprntoloergfioD bev ro, ro,ra,g6pver, on6ra 116ro6rrooia,nepvda Gr evo dl.l,o o.rd6rorar 61oupe AIAIXIIH. tq H 8rdolroq eivor noOol.oytrrl l,rlopovrd. To ouva,io'Oqpc, eivc,rq (ror1prog r6dog.Irq ouvr10rop6vr1 l.rlopovrti, rcinoro ovtipvrlo.rlBu0i(ercnoto ao.uvei6qro l"dyrrldl")"erryqq ev8rc,rpdpovroq, onoio 0o tqq ro entrpenevCI, nCI,popeiver o.uvei6qor.1. 6po4 pro orrl av r66cr olen(6pevr1 pe rrinoro 6uvor6ouvc,ioOr.1po orrroOeiror oro ooDvei6qro, r6re ro ouvoio.Orlpo ,r1 eo (cooyovrlo"a 0o rqq npoo8crlo.et 6trr1 rqq a,veKot pro u,n6tqv npooornrr6[dprrltq 6nop(r1'onolcrrpi(eror u1ro Kol l"dyerornolq8rltiorrlKs. Aq oqpercrl0ai ncllqorrl pel"eul poq yro q pvqpn ei6a,penoq or t66eg 6ev nopc,pdvoDv oTroKoppdveq, ol,l,d reivouv vo,6rlptoupyoriv oldoerg peco[rl ,orq 4 oupnfudypc,ro, 6ncog l,dyovrot telvrrd. H 8rXoopdvr.l rSdo6av a,norsl.aie(oipeoq. dXr p6vo yivetor ol,l,q),6yyuope roDqouyrporor5pevorjq ol.l"d or ol"uoirr1q,

O MHXANDMOX TOY NOY

6eq tcov ouverppcov ro,tcr<pdpvoDv feqrjyouv ano vo, rov el"eyrtq rcrr 6rarl"a,6cbvovror dl,),o enine6o, oe ToDvoD pr poKpoftp60eopreq o'uvdnereq, nporol"crtvro,q peydl"opspoqrou no,pa,l.oyroporj rng nopcrgpoorjKot vnq TroD 6ro,tcrptioo'er rdOe npoondOero l,oymrlq ordyqq. Ei8ope11611 oupnl"eypo, ncoq pru aivo,r opd8o, rbeov TroD o'DyKporodvrcrr rdnoro dvrovo ouynvqo.ro,rd o,n6 ev6ro<pdpov' enet8rl rd0e ouvoio0lpo tye;rug pi(eq ToD or rdnoro dvonrto, ouvendyerot ftcrrq oDro, pnlrtypara nptnet vo, o'DyTevefouv rcdnoro6vonpe rro' ro,Ootq 6u0i(ovrorl"otn6v oro oouvri8qto, orol,ou0ofv to peripa, tou evo'tiKrou fiou crvqrouv ror nl"dowa,qpe c,vriOetrlgopd, teivouv vo pn),ortipouv ro o'DyKrKprpdvo dvo'ttKro Ko,r ro ovo,yKd(ouvvcr npoonc,0r1orl 6per pncr vo unobedotepq Sre(b8oylo, va er<ppaorei. Efrol"o pnopei vo rorol"d8er ro,veiqnq oo6crpdq ouvdneteg nou 0o,unrip(ouv dra,v pnl,ordpercrtrl Kovowrrl 6io6oq pra,q16oo peytil,rlq8rlvoprlqcrndrdnoro epn66ro, onoio nopa,o'6pe1 to pdpoqrou ro Trpoq -Bdoer rou v6pou roD oDvappori rrrlv rbecov-rd0e o:lrcdyq o'ro i6ro 06pcrro,r o,rt iytt TrpoypottKrl ror 'Onroq oupBol"rrcrl opor6tqro pe our6. dler ernorOei, r6re ro a,ouvei8rlro oufgtvero,r Btipoqtou ouver6qor roUror 6ta,toprio'orro,lq toopponiaroDvou.To crnordl.eopo eivor 11ncrpepno8ron rnq (c.onq, rnq Trnynq ev6pyetcrq'a,vti peerel"e60epo enina8o vo, on6 .r<iOa oe enine6o, pnl"ordperor o,n6 to oupnl.dyporoKo,rouyrpcrteirororo u,ouvei6qro, nrd(ovrcrq our6 ro nabio vo crvobuOai antriv8uvo Bo0p6,evrrlo ouver6r1r6q oe
70

AIA:XIEH

vouq ldvet oe (ronr6rrlrcr 8ropop<provovtog'fvo dtoovayrcbv,to onoio gilro rnlroKnrdrv Ko1Xc,ouKcirv var a66va,po rrq erqpdosr Korvo,Tlqrravonotqcqr, vo ogorJ6ev pnopei vo crno6ai 8rlproupytr6 oilra Tro, rov sout6 rou.

'71

KEOAAAIO XVIII

EYMBOAIEMOE

Mnoporipr vo orraKoviooupeto 6rXoopr6vo or5pnl,eypcr,rdtrrr a,n6tqv nieorl tou evorirrou, vo npoonoOei ouvdlera vo 6ponetefost u,rc6 el,eyrtrl Kor vcrrTrr_ tov orpdyer o'tr1ouvei8norl, dnou ot enrOupieq |rfio_ roD porSv lreroqpootoriv 6p<ior1.ro,r vu, oe or6pq, o,q 6o15pe nrrlqo e)"eyrrr1q, svro1upr6vog a,n6 ol,6rl"qpo ro crpveiro,l CI,lroqoolo.nrti enrrpdya rq XapaKxrlpc,, vc, 8rcrrpuyrl rou. floporrlprloope Trcrlg 8rlo,opdvoor5pnl.eypCI,, to orol.ou0rrtvrCI,q rouq ouvqOro.pdvouq v6pouq roD oDverppori,8rlproupyeiouppolieq pr t6degnou 61ouv oupBol"trrl rur nopri6o(r1o16orl po(i rou. Aureq or r66eq,pq dlovrcrq o,vuKrlpsvrKorrorq0ei oto Xaparu"1po,, o<prlvovto,t ond rov el,eyrtrl ou1 ouvei8qorl. tdre ro 8rloopdvo orlpnl"eypo,, erpeto,l.),eudpevo rr1 ouppoliu pa,(i rouq, oberti(etto pnl"orcrprop6vo o,uvo,ioOr1 o'ro,o'Dvrlppnrti ra,vril.ru nou 6qproupyq0qpa, lrs .KCI,v^ u,ur6vrov rpono ro,r Bpioret 6rd(o6oorq o.uvei6qoq, enrgdpovtcrg 6eBo,to nol"r5 6ra<poperrrri c,notel,dopa,ro o,n66o'oor6neue oplrrti KCI,r ?rpoKcr,)"ei rtc ncrptil"oyeq opdorereg,6uoo,pdoKsleq rKKrvrprr6Kor

'YMBOAIXMOX

rnmq fioD Xopo,rtqpi(ouvout6v Trouo voug tou 6e l"erroupyeira,vovrrd Fvcr nopri8erypoylo, To no,pu,nrivcrt <pu,ivetor o.rrhv nepinroorl ploq yuvCI,iraq, onoio,ncrpa,trlpqos q rog to, pnporivt(rvo leporil"to,orqv n6pro,roD yrorporJe_ (o,ororSocrv ntivrornq pro nepiepyrlyoqreio. rord tr1 8reperivrlon rnq to'ropio,q rnq ovcr,KCI,l,riq0r1re 6tr oro vrrira, rrlq epcorerlOqre orKoyevero,ro rov yrc,rp6 nou r1ru,vnovrpepdvoq. vtrbOovrog ncrrq our6 ro oioOrlpro rltov l"ti0oq,ro antpprve ofioqo,oronrd on6 rq (;n rrlq (6I)". ro dpr(eoro ooDvri6rlt6rnq). H oldoq tou yrorpori pmro leporil"rcr ei1c,vCI,vrlKerprwrrl 6ev un6_ oroon coore ro riopepno6ioet el,eyKTnq, vo o ondre ro ouvcrio'0r1po eo'tro,(6ro,v TroD yr5pcrl ro yro,tp6,rou o,n6 onoiou q err6vcrr1to,v Ou,ppdvr1 oo,uvei8rlrd o.to ,rlq, pnopofoe vo, av6l,0e1orrl o.uvei8qorlpera<peppdvo o'ro cr0ola pnporivr(rva, n6pol,o. To u,o'uvei6qro ro 1pnorpoTrorei o.up6o).ropd 6_ firlrqKol dvo,qnorr1n1q, p6vo fioD Xpno.rponorei pru, enrnl"eov relvrrq' Ouptirorncoq dvo (eriyoqu,vn06trrrv rprl^6etdvu,ouverrrrd Deop6orprBatqtrrdoo orqv o_ vri0eorl rou Ko,ryro,vo ergpdoer rcdrt Oerrrd 1pr1or_ ponoteiro opvnrm6 tou, drav ro 0ettr6 ovopdletcn 'Eror ro Xo,po,Krrlpcr. l,orn6v, ptcro,v6na,vrpl yuvoiro rrou ro Dylrg oe(oua,l"rr6rqq dvottrto 6ev.prnl,qpro_ io'coq yiver vooqpq'rcrt Qnre ue orl(uyo ro,r no,r8rd, 6ta6d(erouyyprippo,ro o1rrrKd pe tr1 yuvorreio Koro_ nieorl o,notouq epnopoug l,eunlg odpraq. Ko,r Xsr_ o.v porepdyer, iocoq avonnl(er tr1 l"eydpevq nc,p<ivorcr rrlq yepovroropqq ro,t 0a <povtri(etal firrlqevtel,roq u_ Ocbor riv8psq rqv evoll.orjv pe ovrlOmeqnpoOdoetq
73

O MHXANI'MOX TOY NOY

(nou enr0upeirpuotrriotrlv ru,pbtdtrlg) ro,t 0a nrlyo,ivtr ornv croruvopia fipoorao'ia. yrCI.

'74

KEOAAAIO XIX

OANTAEIfIXEIE, ONEIPA, YEYAAIEOHEEIE


Avo<pdpcrpa nrrlqro ouvoioOrlpa oyed(erot ripeqbn ps to dvonrro Kor Troq nieoq rov oTovr(6pevrrlv oCI, rl evotirtov ptiq ro0eivo Dpdooulrs, ?rporpdnovtdq pc,q vo,fipoofio,0oripe rKo,vofiotrlooupe o,vriyreq vo ttq rqq gfonq poq Kor ouvo,r6l.ou0cr ernl,rlprrtvoupe vo opi_ o'pdvouq gul.etrrofq rot e(el,trnro6q o.rono6g. H npcrltrlnpoondOero,, onotdl,eo.po, oo,v a,uicf,v rcov nporponcrtv, eivor 4 ul"onoiqol.l xrrrvenr0uprcov poq otov e(rorepx6 r6opo pdocrloolpotrrrlg npoo.nd_ 0eroq'ov 6proqoutr111npoo.ntiOero, o,nor61er oKoro n6 tr'1q,11ov or neprordoerq6ev eivcr euvoir6q yru, prcrel"nr6oq6po npoond0eru, rdte o voDq oulvri \ent_ qrsr or pro 6eutepe6ouoo, eniteu(r1 rcn <po,vrti(etcrr rnv sfilru1io,tou ore Booil"erornq qovtoo.iogKor rrlq npoo'noiqoqg,6nou 6ev un<iplouvv6prototrio,groi o,notel.do'po,roq el,dy(ouvtcr dpyo rou. H Zray^co_ vo nodto oulv rou(ivc, rqg yti(et pro qovro,oicooq iou rou flpiyrnfio. o.ro 06crtporou voD ?ro,po,Ko_ lopof l"ouOairqv ent0upicr tqq va, bro8popcrti(etcrr rnv oq ern),r1proon tng.
75

O MHXANI'MO'

TOY NOY

Aur6 ro o'rorxeioqq r8roouyrpooioq enrlped(et peyril"o p6poq rov vorlnrov poq 6rc,6rruotrovKol 0eropeiror n5ptogncrpdyovto,q o orov rcrOopropd tqq q6onq, 61r p6vo rcrrvoveipov po,q, ol"l"d Kor rov oDpntcrlprtitotv rrrrv veuptrcirv Ko,rvol'lurrrlv o,o0evari)v, 6ncoq 8oripe 0o opy6repo. Itov 6nvo ot ),ecog6por <puomrrtv rov o,to0qoecov, pdorrlrcovorcoicov rptrivouvoro vou or avrunoortq, etvo,rrl"erotg )uiyo-nol,6 to eyrrr, onoio epyri(eru,r to tu,r c,rorriTro,Doro,, rc,to,<pefyer on60eporcDv oro ovopvqoerrlv rou. Xopiq vo o8rlyeiro,t o,ndrr1 l"oytrq ro,r tqv rcpioq, orol"ou0ei nq o,l"uoi6eq ouvappmrrtv rrrrv -o'dprpcrtvcr roug v6pouqrnq,pvnprlqnou e(et8eov pr trioa,peo'e ,rporlToripevo re<ptil"c,to- uq ovo,oKoKo,l nei. Autdq or neprnl,o,vqoerq, Kc[rerre],ofvro,r pr ov tov na,pdl"oyo tp6no TroD ro rutcbrepo XCI,pc,Ku'1pi(er ne8io roD voDpag, 6dvaivor evrel,cbq tioroneq, enerbr1 npoobropi(ovtoro,n6 8rrirpopouq no,ptiyovmq. Mnopei rtinoreq <puo'rrdq oro0ovurdq evruncrro'erq, r'1 crpubpd ovrtl.opBovdpeveq rcrtd rov 6nvo ond rlq rv psprl rl"eropdveq0ripegrrov o,to0r1oe(Dv, fipoKo,l"do'ouv vo, pra ol,uoi8crordryecov' yeyov6tu,nou unoolol"or5q oo,v ro voD o'rn 8tdprero,rqq pdpoq vo ouveli(ouv Ko,ro'Tovfnvo vo, Tov o,ficr,o1ol,orjv crve)"e(dyrto pe 'Oprllq tpono. ro ro0opro'ttr6 overpm6ororleio, oro onoio q oriyXpovrlyuXo),oyia fyet otpdryerro pryol,rjrepo pdpoq rnq ftpooo1nqrnq, eivor q ovd),uor1 Tov rvonKrro8cilv ent0uprcov 6evroDqrTrrrpdnr'1re nou 11ernl,rlpCIoqorn.v o,rpunvropdvq ondte oto 6Ecrrn' verpd prcq,6nroqorrl go,vro,oio pog, 0o,Bl,enouprvo
'76

@ANTAXIQ'EI',

ONEIPA, YEYAAII@H>EI>

ernl,r1potvovror entOupieq 6ev CI,n6r'1oov or nou ul,t_ Kr1T,payportr6tqto ror sndtulo.i, vcrovo,6u0oriv o.rq o'uvei6qo'r1 l"6yrrlrrlq )"erroupyiog rou el,eyrtrl, o e noiog oycovi(erorva, Dror(er ond rq o.uvai8qorlrd0e Korofirrortrd 4 onot0rlrtr6 yeyov6g. otov rinvo, 6l,oq obr6q o pe t6oo r6no bopr.lpdvog no),rao,,p6g {s<po] vi(eru,r,ro a,vcbrepc, r6vtpa, qq rinop(nq'poqonou_ otri(ouv Kor o npotr6yovoq guo.rr6glrog eour6g,el,ey_ pa nort.e[o]"o0peup6voq, ,*gpCEr, .,g eupu_ l6pevoq l,rrrl6erg' *vopol"6yqteqent0upieq-rou orolxetarrl orrr roug popgrl. Bd6oroc,ur6q or..enrOupieg ondvro ergpti(ovror ri_ peoo. Eivor 16oo (6vegrpoq rou6 nol,rttopduouq ,ou_ -o rofq poq, nou o,r6pr1 Ko,rorov tlnvo enepdoiver *o_ Otepopdvoq rp6noq ordyr.lqra,r e(a,orei rdnoro 6l,ey_ Xo oe 6,u 0o ergpc,orei. roor6oo 8rlproupyeito,r pro yevrlcrlo'r5y1uoq, ener8r.l dypreqerr6vegrcllvsvorr_ or rrro8crrv u,va,yrrrrv crvflrooiorovror on6 sno6err6tsr66eg.Ko0rrlgo Dnoouvri8qtoqvouq ouv8detttg leq r66egorSp<provo roDqrlrlqCI,vrlo,ror5q pe 11 oupnrrporri ro6q ouverpporiq, qovei firlrqoro npoorqvro tou 0o vou noi(ovro,r nopdfevo,rot pnep8epdvo Dptiproccr oe pro fipoond0ero o,nsrr6vronqrnq ernl.r.lpcoo.Iq Kd_ fioro,q pcot6yovn evo.rlKrcrt8ouq n g ent0upioq. XdylpoveqpdOodor yulol,oyrrr1qapeuvoq Xpnor_ ponotor5v nol,ri to, dverpo ornv fipoonri0erouo upur_ vrloouv rcr enine6o, rou voD, oro, onoio 6ev 61oupe np6o8oor1.H ryulo0eponeio glgotl 1prlorponoreitrq i6wq pe066ouq nporerpfvou vo 6upeuv4orr rqu cnrii rov vonnrcilv Dtoropolrrlv. Av n o,l,uo.i6a, ordyerrlv nou orol"or5Or1oevoDqo-rnv fiopeio,tou on6 pru,d_ o

O MHXANI'MO>TOYNOY

ypro,evonrrco8q, ouXvti guomr1,enr0upicr to ol"ocrrq -uno riq etr6rl,qpcopdvo overprr6 6pdpo a,vrlveuOe i vrq rou oveipouoq rlq unorpunr6pevrq t6deq nou ttg pnopor5pe ova,rcrl"riyoDlre 8qpror5pyqoovr6te vo rrq puortrdq nTrytgrrov ruvqrpov Kor roD 1crpoKrnpo. Ncr yrcrri 1pqolpoTroretrot 16oo nol"ri otrl orSylpovq ryulo0eponeia p60o6oq ovdl"uonqrov oveiprov. 11 trlq Ali(er vo orlpetcbooDlrs or a,utandteq ficog rrov ,roprigpovrov pe eivar 8opqpdveq 6dor1rtq i6teqorpr6cilg apxtq rrrrveo,vro,orrrroeov. Enioq g, o,vrlfipooonefouv tr'1vernl.rlpcoon tcovenrOuptdrv 6evrco,ttigepov nou vcr popgr"lrouq ul,onotrlOofvror 6<pro,ocrv orr1v 6ororr"1 p6oo o,n6trq i6teq ereiveg opldyoveq pe065ouq o16Kq,l ftou eivcn une60uveg T1oto dvetpd poq' oDVnq vo otoo'ttrd pnoporSv 0ecoprlOofv pro <povtooicooov on lpu npoXroprloe 6vo,6(po rovt6repo orrlv ul"onoiqdrl crr6 6,tt I ovapo7r6l,r1oq. Ta oupnrcipcrrcr rou Dorsprrod 61ouv ncrp6poto roto,yrrryrl,a,l"l"rio,vu?rpooo)nefbuv entOupieq ttg 6rrot 6;6t trq entOupieg oupnl"eypdrorv ol,6: loopdvrov rllpnq rnq npoorontr6rqru,g 6nroqorrlv nopoqpoorivrl. Bl,dnoupel.orn6v Troqov opvoripcrore orlq enr0upieq poq vcrerrppd(ovrorotr'1(cor1, ltioouv ovslpl0o rd rdorpo ylo l"oycrproop6touq ra,td tr1 8rtiprercr rou 6nvou, 6noD0o pnoporlpenp6orc,rpCI, oTroouvCI, pdpoore o'o,vpovtipleq 6orrlvenonrefoupr' ov out6q {01 eftteDpieq eivor no],rj sntturtrrdg Ko1neprn]"drouv poq, t6re iorog to 6verpo peytil,o pdpoq tqq <p6oqq pcrq ouveiSno'n ro,r 0o, feletl"toet ornv ev eypqyopo'er (or5pe t6re o,vtipeoo, ouq DfioKellrevrrdq voqrrKeqpoq
78

OANTA:IO'EI'. ON EIPA. YEYAAT'OHIEI,

etr6veq napu ottq ovuKerpevrrdqrpoTlrottK6ulreg, crvo,l"op6tivovrCI,q to pol,o nou npoobropioopeyro'rou eour6 poq oro overprr6 Spdprcr, npoq 6rnl,n6n tcrlV fiopo,rnpnrrirv nou 0o paq o,norol,doouv rpel.orlq. O nopdrppovog, 6d6arc,, DeveivCI,r nopdl.oyoq.si_. va,revtel"rrrq )"oyrr6q.Aprei vo rrlpor-ivrolor npo0no_ 0do'erq rou, enabrl ovriyer ttq l.oyx6q ouveno,yrrlydq rrov npoUno0doaoJv crurcirv ro 6o.to,tooupndpoopd rrrq roDq.Kor pdl,tq rorovorl0ei nrrtq oq pi(a rov gCI,vro,_ orrooeovnou ereivoe CeLuno66oret rdnota,0epel,trrr_ 611q oDoro,ottKrl rot rpuotrq enrOupio,, ovrr)"r1g0orj_ 0o pe r6re nroqro rl"ar8i yro rrl Oepu,neio, ,ropo,ppo_ rrlq ofvqq Bpioreror o'e ourdq rrq Srr0upiegrcn rqv rs_ plo1q roD vou on6 tqv oaoia,rcrdyovtcr.

79

KEOAAAIO XX

YYXOOEPATIEIA
vonrlAv ror q guorrrl roto,yrrlyq nol"l,ov pop<prrtv rr'1qcro0everogBpiofttrot orov eyrri<pol,o,to veuptrd xnv ro,ttiotoorl roD u,ipotoq, undplouv o6otqpo, KCI,t no)tLec,d),}"eq 4ou eivo,t ro0crpri voqttrdq, ono tqv apx\ rrlq ro t6l.oq, pol"ov6tt otq ne6io erbql"oloqq rouq pnopei vo 61e.rerl"eyei to ocilpo. H odyXpovtl vcr ene(epyri(etcrt vorltrrdg oo06rutpmq pcrOcrivet versq pr vol1rtKdgpe066ouq,rrrrv onoirrrv 01 TIporop1lroi rdnor 61ouv u,pret6 ev8toqdpov. Ag 0up6poote 666orcrfioq n yuloOeponaio eivar q ve6tepr'1enrotr1pq Kor Bpioretcrt or6pr1 os fitlpopo,ttr6 otd8to. flcrpri to peyul"etco8eq 6pyo nou 6ytve on6 rouq nportpyarcc,, 6ev pnopofv vcr to1Dplororlv nr-oqeincrv tqv voD, Ytotel"euroio 1,6(q yto tq 6opq tou ovOprriTltvoD ri or6pq Kol ov yvcilpt(ov ra ndvrcr, pt1v ct<ptlvovrcrq rinore vo ovoKol,r5ryouvot pel")"ovttroi epeuvqtdq, touq otov i6ro ncrp6l,o nou 6ev aivor 6l,ot ot pcrOrltdq coot6oo I e(6)"t[n ouveXi(etat, pt ro 6o0p6 eu<puicrq, voD oro onoropftpopo rng avdntu(r1q tou, 6tot cbote y1o rnv uvOpcrl6e6opdvcr npaypata nou Oeroporio'cpe
,80

YYXO@EPAIIEIA

nrvq <pfoq nprv ro Meycil"ofldl"epo*, ioroq va, ovcrOerrlpq0oriv vo oupnl,qpro0orlv rrlv cnoro,triKo,r pr orc,o'Tl Mey<i),qg rqq Erpr'1vqg. H yvrrto'q po,qylo ro vou, nq ooOdvelsq tq 0eKol po,neio tou, o,ndler nol,rjon6 trlv n)"r1p6tr1to. dpeuH vo rriOe crv0pconrvoD pord(er pe ro(i8r o,vu,rril.uvou vo Vng' ov Ko,ror orrdq rou vonrlKorjtoniou prnopei eivc,tyvroordq, ev8olcrtpu, q eivc,rcrloproypri<pr1tq. Ae yvcrlpi(oupe rpr56etu,t tt nioo un6 tqv ovOpronrvq fipoorrr?rlKdrrlra' i6ta riyvoro, rqv dloupe Ko,lylcr, rnv orpr6r1 qdon rrov olrio'errlv ro nept6ril.l,ovrqq ror pr 6oo 11yvrrlorlpo,qnCI,potldver o,ut6to enine6o,6ev oa pnopoUpe ptl,rlooupe ondl"utorp6no yro otr6r1vo ps
7toTt.

* X.t.p. Evvoeitov A'lloyroopro ll6l,epo (1914-l9lg)


8l

KEOAAAIO- XXI

YYXANAAYEH
Ta 0ep6l"ro Kor 11 0errlpio u,urrlg qq pre066ou t60qrov an6 rov ryulol"6yo Ziyrpowr @p6rvrond tr1 Brdvrl. Trq oru6ryerq 8qpooieuo.r roD oro nol"drpoto 6r8l,io roD pr rit)"o Eptrtrlvefa Ovefpa)v, er660r1rero uov rEoD 1900.Irlpepo undplouv 6uo rrjpreqolol,eq yulovril,uorlq:11 o1ol"q rqq Brdvqq, fioDorol,ou0eiuuotrlpri trq 0eropieq rou Op6rvr. KCr,l oXo),r1rqg Zvpiyrlc,, Tl noDrqopp6(er rrlv ttriononoiqo-q aurrovtrrlv Oecoprcirv, 6ncrrq 6i6a(e o Ap. frouvyr. , ttg Or 6rjo o1o),dqo'uprgrrlvorjv yrvrKtc,apyeqdnolq or r'1 ovo,ropioroD vou, ol,l"ti 8ra<pdpouv 6t6o,oro,l.io, orq roDq o1ertrd pe ro modus operandi* rrlq voqtmqq cro06verog. <Dp6rvr O Dnoorrlpi(ernatqor l.ertoupytrdg veuptrdq 8rorcrpuXdq oqeil"ovror onlv npoor6l,lnon roD d,oDvri6rlrouvou or ptCI, v1firorr1 orctorl Trpog (rrlr1 rupicoqTrpoq oe( ror noq rl otdorl rrl ror ro crurq, 11onoio |npent va, (enepu,o'rei vCI, ror ryKo,ro,l"er<p0ei, 6rlproupyeiayXnror ntdoerq oro voDnoDKo,* X.t.p.z.\crr. Ad(r1:Tp6noqAerroupyiaq 82

VYXANAAYIH

rol"rlyouv orrlv er6r1l"rrlor1 voqttrc1g oo-06vatc,q. rnq Moq nopouotri(et u1 Oecrlpio ouooorprroqq ,ru rrlq ouynvqoeov or outd to voqrtrd tpa6po, 6nrrlq o,Kpr_ 6crlq n6ov nou ouoocope$rror ro oro on6otlpcr rot nporol"si euo,roOr1oio, n6vo. llrorerier no{ o p6_ KCrr )"oq tou yu1c,vol"urr1 eivo,tvcr ovoi(er o,ut6 io ono_ orn[ro,,ep<pcrvi(ovroq ouveibrlo.rl ovnreipevo orrl ro u19 6uoo,pdoretog. o'uver8rlronoreiro,l oncoOrl_ r6re ro pdvo ouvo,io0qpo,Brrrrvero,r n),rlpcog endplerCI,r ro,r n analuLayrl. Aut4 116ro,6troo,icr eivar telvrrri yvrootrl o'ov VYXOKA@APIH. - O yuXol,6yoq nou ro0o6rlyei rqv ovdl,uo.rleivcrr nol,ri m0ov6 vo pero,Tponei Ddrrrl o,utorjroD oncrl_ oe 0qpdvououvoro0r'1pa,roq rq otryprl tqq o,vd6ou rard roD o'rn ouveibrloq.H oruo8oXr.1 crnro0qpdvoD tou oD_ vo,ro'0qpo,toq to 0epuneurq crn6 0eropeiro,r ano xtcr pru, firo orlpo,vrmdq qdoerq u1g 0epu,neioq eivu,ryvcrt_ ror ou1 ocv METABIBAIH. Avo,vripprlro,o nopdyovrCI,q prera6i6oo.Tl rpfispr_ r<l"eiet oo6op6repeq nq Duorol"ieq nv8rjvorq. it_ rcrr vu,r6riorol"o vo-Ope0ei p6or1 11 o66qpeto(rl unep6ol,r_ ynoo.rrlpi(*at ncDq rqq ro,t o8rriqoplg erui8pooqq. n undppetprl ovri),uoq e(oubeteporver ouvoioOqlro, ro fioD ps enlrvyia onoyupvrrlvsl no),),r1 ovtil,uor.1, ol,_ n l,d o'tqv npu|n oucq q 6ro,5msoio, eiVot rdoo o_ 6ev nl"r1ror o8rlyei o'uXvri neprnl.orcdg. oe H peto8i8c,onroD ouvoro.0r1pCI,roq ouvrel.ei_ fioD ro,1ornv yulo,vril"uori, po(i pr rlq 6l,o6ep6q enr6pri_ osrq rnq ouvelofq Ko,r fiopo,rerv6pevrlg nu,pa,povr.1q oe 8uo'Xepeiq 6yergrnq (ong, ouyrpororivooBopdq a,vu_ 6pdoerq o,urr1 Oeponeuurrl o'e rq pe0o6o.

O MHXANDMO'

TOY NOY

O frouvyr nrotefer fioq n voqttrq uo0dvercr orpeil"ero,r o'rnv onoruXia, npoooppoynq oto no,pdv, oI noicr rcrtcl,qyer orqv ol"io'0non oa rdnoro vr1ntard rp6no ordyqq. (Do,iveror l"otnov ?rrrlq 6uo Oecopieq, or o,vKo,rBooi(ovrororo,i6rcrototleio, 8ru,qdpouv pr(rrd rcrr rcrrcrl"rlyouv 8rotpopeq or o'rllv fiportmq eqCI,ppoYrl. 'Or buo oXol.dq epeuvoriv o,oDvri8rlto ovorov voD l,riovrugro ovetpo Ko,rorq p60o6ooutrl q oXol,rl rqq Zvpiyrlq npoo06tet pro or6pq nou givo,ryvroo'u1 ocrv l.ertrrcr1ovri8pcrorl*.H 6rcrbtra,oio, overplrnq orrlq vdl,uorlq eivo,tunepBol.xti nepinl"orq. Ev ouvropio,, o cro0evqq rco0obr1yeirol orqv oeqTnon evoq oveipou, ro onoio e(etd(etor oqpeio npoq onpeio ror or <el"efOepolo'Dvelppoi>rlvrll.otorivrcrr pe rov o,16l,ouOorp6no: Ynobetrvrirror orov aoOevrlvo 6to,)"6(er rdnoro,err6vo,tou oveipouoov orlpeio evcrp(qq, vo 1o,l"o,prfioa vou rou Kor vctrnv fio,po,Kol"ou0r1o' ro pe nori o8qyei' 11Oerrlpio, eivor fioq eCI, fovoouv8eOei pdorrlrnq oereivq rn oDvrlpprnl crrol,ouOicr r6errrv, noiog n ovelprKqetr6vo,o,vo8ri0qre tqv uno66ono oKoDoo, enr0upio.fto tqv eppqveia, a,urrrtv rcrrvoverprrrrrv eK6vov undplet pro spTCI,orqpto,rc( telvrKl' t6oo rpyo,orrlprorcrl nou vo fenepvti rouq oronofg ourorj rou 6r61,iou. Trrlpo,, rcrtri ndoo ourq 11 ta1vrrcr1 eivor rsKlrnplotldvq rur n6oo ouOcripenl, c,uto eivor rdtt nou e(orol.ouOai vo, o,noo1ol"eitouq yulol,o* I.t.p. Or o'uverppor'hou nporcrl,orivotov uno8crl"l"6pevo oe 0epaneiatcr qlqnrri rc,r evvorol,oymd epe0iopo,ru rdnorcg l"d-

ns.
84

YYXANAAYIH

rrrlpo Tro,ro 7or];' e,tdlrorc, ororleic, dXoupeF6X,pr poi-o nou nai(et 11o,rco6oro, uno8ol,rl o.ro dpyo rou vr-7-ava,}"utq, 6nou oe pepmdqneptntoroerg eivcrtevcrptpi8ol"o 6vo,q oqpovrtr6q nu,priyovtc,q oa dl,Ko,L i-e; o,no6oiver unep6o),mtiryerinroqKo,r7rCI,po,?tl.ovqrrr6q. H p60o6oqroD ),ertrrod ouverppor5 frouvyr rou )"etroupyeicrn),oriompo, 61er crpgro'Br1rnOei Ko1 nol"rj l"ry6repo. Arlproupyeirordvo,q rordl,oyoq pe 6ro8ero, drrlg erar6 Ko,rfiCI,pofirivro 8tri<popeg l"e[etq.O npcoteq 6(1 6ev 61ouv ouvrlOroq r8rcrirepqoqpooic,, o,l"),ct rar6ntv orol"ouOei pto oerpd 1"6[erov fioD nrorsfero,r ncrlq oleti(etor r8rcritepo roDq 8rri<popouq pr tfnouq oupnl,eypdrrDv, onoia pnopeivo,8ru,onoororiv ra, crn6 rq ouvei8rloq. Terorouqrcrrd),oyouq 1"6[errlv enefepyrio'u'1rov8rdqopot onouSo,oreg ourrlq rqq oXol"qq ro,r pol"ov6tr rdnoroq XpnorponoreitCI,r ouvr'10rog o.ov 6dor1,crro't6oo rd0a o,vol,utqqnpoo'0eter 1"6[erq fioD ntorefer ruroq ouv66ovrorlrs ro r8roitepu, npo6],11pato rou c,o0avq. Aut6g or ),d(erqerrpcovorJvro,r oo0eorov -pio rdOe rpopri-Ko,r vt1 roD (qteitu,r vo,7ra tqv nprrlrn l,d(q fiou roD tpyer,at oro voD opdoroqpetd. O rnv a,ndvuloq Xpovope1p6voq nou lperri(etor T1o, rpeirot pe Xpov6perpo fiou 8eilver crrq dvcr Kor nfpnro rou 6eutep6l"antou. nprrrteg oor'lpovreq Ot e(r l"d[etq rco,ro8errcvdouv pdoo 1p6vo crvri8poonq to roD a,oOevr1.Av dproqrctinorcr on6 trg endpeveq orlpoiver rdtt r8roirepoyto o,urdv,0a,undp(erel"u,<ppri Bpa8unopio oro Xpdvo rqg o,nrivrnonq' enioqq,iocrlq onavrqor oerq eivo,rncrpd(eveq pfiopei vo Deilvouv r6ru,ireKo,r pn oupTrepr<popri ro np66l"qprirou. 'H, or6pr'1, pr

O MHXANITMO> TOY NOY

pnopei vu eivar o,nu,vrrlostq dolereq, uno8r.ll,rovovrCI,q 6to'r nroq11opXmrl r6do rorcrlolpq0r.lreoo,vcrndppqTq KCI,r enrvorlOrlreBtootmti 6vo unoro,rtiotcro. Av tou f,crvo6ra6oorei ro,tdl.oyoq,0a fto,po,rnpnOei o nrrlq evo ot 7,6(erq r8ro,iteprloqpo,oio o,ncvtofvtcn X@piS pr o'uvr1Ocoq rt'lv iSro 1,6[11, doeq oleri(ovror pr ro, o'uvo,ro0r1pcrro, ooOevr1 roD npora)"oriv ol"l"oyq otq 1,6(q nou anav"ca. T6te npoorper-iyouv o.roDg e),sriOepoDqoDvappodq,6nrrlq orCI, ovaprrd orlp8ol,o,, vo, yro, o,vcrcol,uqOei unorpunr6pevrlcmo)"ou0ic q r8errtv ror or aouvei8rlrorno,priyovrsq an6 dnou ovrl,orjv ro oDvoio0r1pri roDq. Aunl rq pd0o6oXpnolponorodveniorlg nol,l,oi gpoi8ro'tdq Kc,1 oiyoupo or 6rjo pd0o6or, rrlq ovrprrqq ovdl"uorlqKo,lrrov l,erttrcrrvouverppcrtv, sivor yevtrri o,no8ertdq oov oupnl"rlpropo,rrrcdq.nprotop1tH rq o(ic rqq rel,euraio,q 6yrerro,r yeyov6q pnooro 6tt pei vc Xpnorlrororq0ei or fieplnrcfio.erq o o,o0efioD vqq eivcrreire CI,virovog eire onpdOupoq oDvepyovo o'rei. H 8roqopd orqv onnrq ycrlvicr totv 6rjo oXol.rrlv rng VD1ovtil"uorlq o8qyeior pro,bru,qoponoiqorl otq prd0o6o prro1eipqorlgrou c,o0evr1. gpoi8torqq, rnq o o onoioq ntote$etncrlq rti0e veuprrdnp66l"rlpaorpeiL,eto,rornv npoorcdl"l"qo'qo'r vqnrorodq rp6nouq ordryqg, neptopi(tro,rorrlv ovdl,uorl ro,t p6vo, npoo<pdpovtcrq orov o,o'0evr1 el"dXroru, rinore orov ro11 pso rng eppqveio,g rcr0o8rlynoqq. Bor10d q tov unlua vcr,o,TroTDlrvriroer 6ri0r1ToDoouvri8rltou voD, fi1ra o'terjovru,q ftor'o1 Korofirropdveq nroq ouynvrloerq Ocr e(ouberepcoOorjv ro 6r1o,opdvo, Kor oupnl,dyporo, 0o
86

YYXANAAYTH

rTrovoouv8e0ofv rIV fipoo.ofilKotqrcr. oval,urrlq ps O rou frouvyK afio trlv nl"eupci rou, ntotafovroq nrrrq to rupd8l"qpo oqeil"etoro.so,norDIfo, npoooppoyrlg oio nopov, ov Ko,r rqv peOo_ Xpt'loltrolrorei ryulovo,l"utmrl 6o yro,vu,c,norc,l,rjryer vo peratpdpsr ouvei8rlrar orrl o'n ra, 8rlcropdvo oupnl.dyprato,, ncrpd),)"q),o rdver Xprlo'n o(r6l,oyr1q6r6a,orol"io,q epprlverrrlv Ko,r npo_ ono0rovroq Korootrloer tov uoOavrl vo rro,vdvo,oeo_ prorcooer Ko,pTroriq epnerpioq vo fipooop_ rouq rqq Ko,r poo'rei oto nepr6d)"l"ov tou. O qpot8roc.lqfiopofio_ vrdro,tTrrlrq ono8oqtou frouvyK rropo,pop<pcrlver o rt1v ovri8uoq pe a,roUorouno8ol"riKo,ro 8erJtepoq Ko,rTl_ yopei rov npcrlroyro,o,vat<pe),r1 entprrlrDvorl 6ro,6r_ rIq ro,oiog KCI,r sTKo,rdl"eryq uo.0evr1 6per ro 6p6_ rou vo po rou o6oq0ritoqpdoo o,n6pra euprSteprl epnerpiu. H 6r6ooro,l,io ro,r epprlveuttnl pd0o6oq,yevmd yvroorrl oq rfio,vrKno,i6euor1, ouv8detorrupirog lrs ro dvopo rou vrD Mnoud (du Bois) nou qru,vo npcrlrop_ rqq. sner6q,6pr,rq, Xrrdq fio,poDoroornq orqv eno1r1 rou n yulcrvo,l"uttrrl pd0o6oq dpeuvu,q orrrcfiv rov rqq vorlrrrqq oo0dveroq rlrov riyvrrlo'u1, 6dbr(eoulvri oto o-rotri8t rar oolol,eito pe 6euteperjovro oDpfirrrlpcrto Ko,roTtoml,dopo,ro. rordnror ro nipog qq pe06_ dror 6ou rou pnpoord otrq Oecopieq oriylpovrrluoXorrrrv l"cov.C)otooo, o,v o,uu.1 pe0o6oqXpqoltlofioul0ei 11 orDorci,pnopei ovaprpi8o)"o anoBei e(crrpetird vo o'pro Oepu,neuurrl oycrlyrl vo,el.otr6oer Xpnolpn Ko1 rqv oDrivrl 6ro,6rrooioq. trlq

KEOAAAIO XXII

YfINfiEH, YIIOBOAH, AY@YfIOBOAH


Meydl"q nopcrv6rlorl undpler o'rov r6opo olettrri pe ro <porv6ptvo fiou eivat yvrrrordoav 6nvoro'q. yevrIe ypcrppdq pnopei vo nrprypo<pOei ro,trioro,orl rdg oov orr.1vonoio,ro l.oyrr6 Ko,rq rpioq roD D?roKripevou nnouorri(oDv7[poooptvri' onoro,8qnote t66o tou no,pouord(etcn,yiveror uno6artn Xrrlpiq ovti6pcror'1 rot rcrrul,crp6dvet vou 16o'orolupri, nou Dpo, ro o1e66v uurdporo. Autq q rcrtrioroorl ncr0qrrrrlq6ertrr6tqaqcripeor'1, roq notri),l,er crnd el,o<ppti o'1e66vo6rtiKprrrl on6 rr1 <puorol,oytrrl o'uvei6lo'Tl, rqv rcrrdcDq oro,orl nou pord(er pe 6nvo rl rrlv ro,tul"qntmr1aropryio rrlq 6o0ttiqdrorooqq. Ot erbql"olo'etq ro XoKo,l poKrnptorrrd rrlq eivot nol.)uan),"a, nol,r5nopti[evo ror brbcmrrrri,crl,l"tintpa ano to, nl"a,iotoroD nop6vtoq dpyou. Ot 8rdrpopor unvrrrtrordq 8tcrqope1pnolponototiv ylo, rtrdq pa066ouq vo nporol"doouvoutr'1trlv rord.oroo'n, cr),l,ri6ootr6q nopdyovraq oe 6)"egeivcrt 11 rcrr o'rcr0eponoirloq npoofl,ruon rrlq npooolrlq Ko,r n fevrrti unootrlpi(erornroqeiIprlon tqg unoBoftrlg. vo,rI ou0uno6ol,qon6 rr1 peptd roD DfioKripevou nou
88

YfINQ:H YI]OBOAH, AYOYIIOBOAH

nporol"eiro,ro,n6TovDTrvortotq,q onoio,crnotsl,ei ro rpiorpo pdpoqtou npoBl"rlpotoq, dtr lropiq crutx ro,r rnv eocrlrrprrqo'uvepyooicr 61etoulvti aouvei8qnou ro Kcno06l,r'1ro Xuportqpo,,Tl rpyooio 0o rltcrv ovanorel,eopcrnrrl. H rinvrrlot1 eivar q crpXordteprl yvrootq preOobog yulo0epcrneioq Ko,r,or ouv8uo,opd trlv ryuluvril,upe oq, f,crvo,dpXExaL lrpoo'Krlvro rr1Oeponeio oro yro veuprortrrrtv neptntrrloerrrv, r8tcrirepoereivov ?IoDTrporcl,r'1Oqrov trg epnerpieq nol,dpou. o,n6 tou O 6pog uno6ol"11 reiver vo,XpnorponoteirCI,t rrinrrlq crnepioren'c,ct, vo 6rll,rrtoer dvvoru, npoo<p6yLa. plo, nou per rdnoroq oe 6vov d),),o,ol,l,d ps rnv yuXo)"oyrrr1 dvvoro XprlorpofioretrCI,r uno8q),otvovroq ereiveq rtq r6deq nou erodplovrororo vou ev6qu,r6irou lropiq vo un6rervro,r orrlv rpioq rou. C)otdoo,oo,vryulo0eponeutrr6g 6poq ovo<peprro,l 6ro8tro,oiu, orq ero6o1rlq r6eov oro vou, evrlro u,o0evqg Bpiorcsroror plu, Trrcrrrioroorl, u,)"}"d uouvei8rlo1r XVnrn rlplulrvo)nrcr1 roq o'r 6s0rd dnvrrro'q. H cru0uno6ol,q, epr<pr_iteuorl oto o,ouvei8qr'1 t8ecbv ro crn6 ro ouver6rlr6 vou rou o,ropou,o,vril0qKr or 0eponeutx6 otiorrlpo,un6 rr1vda ryulo),oyuc.1 oXo),r1 Ndvor* ror oleri(erat lrs rov Epi]" Koue. Autrl 11 o1ol"r1unoonlpi(a ?rcrlg 6uvor,6tqrauno6o),qqrcrr q
* X.r.p. Nancy School: Mrcr opdScr ryulicrtpotv rou 19oucnrrlva pe oplqyd tov Inn6l"uro M. MnepvXrirp(Hippolyte M. Bernheim), or onoior uruoorqpr(crv 11rotriorooq ouvei8qoqq 6n otrlv onoicroe erodyerq dnvrooq, eivcnpril,l"ovnpodrrcroqpraq quorol.oyxrlg otdoqq uvTllnq en4peroq rcapdpra oqdorrq nou ayyi(tr trlv uotepio, 6nrrrq rolupi(ovtcrv crpretoidl.l.or.

O MHXANDMO> TOY NOY

q rrovorrlro ri<peoqq r8ecDv ro,ra,l"op8tivouv tcov va, to vou t6o'o cirotevo erqpti(ovro,l pe Dpdoq, eivor tpuorol"oyrrrl o,vOpcrlnrvrl l,erroupyio.llop6l,o Troupnopei vo 0errlpqOei orrio, nol"l,rrlv11or6pr1 Kor rov q neproo6repotvo,n6 trq ooOdversg fioD r),qpovopei o voDqKCI,r ocirpo, to root6oo 6evnp6rerrol T1ovoorlprl rs,rdo'tCI,o'q, ol"l"d yro 6vov ona,po,irqtoncrpdyovtc, erno,i6euolq' ro ro,16 npotpy*at p6vo drov ),d0og t8deq 6rootpeBl"rrtvouv tqv rro,v6rnrcr. ourq Mnoporlpe 666c,roto i6ro edrol"CI, rn Xprlorpofiotr.looupe vo, yro vo errppdooupe 0enrdq r8deq, npoq peyri)"o6qel,og tou lo,partrlpo Kor rr1guyeiog poq. H uno6ol"r1 Kr[ror 6r5oro]"eq neprntcrto'erqfnvrrlo-Tl, q IprlolpofiorqOr1rccrv rr1o1ol"r1Ndvo'r, 61r oo,vtipeoeqOspaano neuordq p60o6or,ol,l,ti yto rn 5r6oXr1 rqq Xpnonq rqq ou0uno6o),q9, rnv onoio,o o,o.0evr1q pr Oeponerjero,t p6voq roD Kor eiyCI,r mCI,vdq onorpdryerrri0e vo unorponq rqq ooOdverdq rou. Ynootrlpil0qre ncrlq outrl 11pd0o6oq oufriver trlv o,Dronenoi0qoq ev6q a,r6pou o,vri vcrtrlv erpq6evi(errcotdXerpdyrorrl o(io 6Xr pdvo oov 0eponeuttr6 pdoo, o),),d roviorqre rbto,irepon Xpnon rrlq oov ernor8eurtrcrl p60o6oq. 'Oprllq, napu rrlv ovo,yvrrlptop6vrl u1g otq Oepo,cr(icr neicrtqg o,oOdvercq, onorl,eiero,r11 6rv nepinrrrlonvo, rcorol"rlyer prl1ovonoirlo'qro.t 6ro,otpe6l,rrlorl or u.1q q6oqq evdgor6pou, o,vrqoppoorei oe rdnotov e(el,ro-o6pevovoD nou ovo,nrfoo.rrol or guo.rol"oyrrd p6vo 4l"aioro. Autr1 q noyi8o o,no<pefyetcrt pe enr6ero0o611yr'1or'1. fr6tarrl Eivol cr8fvcrro dvo 6r6l,io ourof rou loparrrlyrcr po vo crvoqepOei rbroitepoottq VD1o0spuneuttrdg pe90

YNNO'H,YI]OBOAH.

AY@YIIOBOAH

066ouq nou 61ouvrdnoro npo,rcnrq o(ia. ov enrOupei rdrr rdroro o ovCI,yvrrtotqq, nptnu vo, crvarpdferorcr nol,l,ri ar6xd yrCI, o,vttreipevoreipevo. Eivo,tcrno. ro pcritrlto 6proqva yiver rurovolr6 ficDq or5ylpoveq or p60o6ornpoodyyro'nq roD vou eivo,tnapa nol"ri to.1updqro,r q c,l,6yro'tt1 Xptloq rouq pnopei vo Ko,roppo,rrrroat rdnoro, rbroouyrpooio,. Mro yvciloq <puorrd trov apXcilvrnq vor'1urqq uytetvqqeivo,teuepyenrq, ol,l,ri ral"o eivor va o,norpefyrrol fipoKrlKrle<poppoTl yt1 o"trgvoqnrdq 11veuprrdqcro06vetec) rov spoano 'Onoro, ort6lvr'1. Ko,rvo eivcrrq 0eropqtucrl ro,rriptroq, crrpiBao orn Drdyvrrlorl napfyerpdvo 11 npo,rttrr.g apnerpiornq spyCI,oioq rioul,o Kot ro voooropeio. oto To nprrlro, ord8ra opropdvrrtv 6ryecrlv rpdl,oq 6to,1otpi(ovtor nol,d 8riorol"a an6 ra veupxd npo8)"qparo,, or6pq ro,r o,n6rov dpnerpo,Ko,1 epo,ortd1vnq o Tron on6 l,d0og e<popp6(et o,nrlpio rou oe plo, trltoro rnv nepinrcoo'q, triver vo,evtunooeroSuvqpd rcrr 6io,tcr ro l,dOog oro voDroD. H yuloOeponeicr eivor 11ve6repr1 r(DVrfirornFrrrv Ko,ror ro,rriorooq oOevcrprlq uyrofq ovdntu(r1q, Kc,1 o),l,ti rrlq rcrtpo, 6ev unriplel rtinoroq cr,vrlKelpevtr6q goproq fioDvo,0eropeirar o,ndl,utorsKpnpropdvoq rcar ono6ert6qon6 6l,eqrrq o1ol"6q oKsvnq.O opXtiptoq o,vu,yvcbornq, onoio o,neu06vercr orov o,ur6to 6r6l,io, rol,ri 0a rdver vo, <pu)"dyer,ar 8oypranrdqyvropeq aTco TroD ruopouord(ovror rou aile oe 6ro),6lerq eite oe Br6l.io, ener8rl11 yvrrlorlpro,q eivCI,t ro,rrioto,oqvo, 6ev oe yra, crutdq.Md0ope nol.l"d, ol,),d 6e yvrrlpieyyuqOei (oupe ru navru ro,t coonou pdOoupe vo, neproodrepo nptnu vo, dloupe ro voD ovorltd po,Ko,lrrlv rpto.r.1
9l

O MHXANDMOI

TOY NOY

pCI,q rDo,lo0rltonorqpdvrl. Aurrl r"1 npoetSonoirlorl rpivrro,r a,nopoitrlrq l,6ycorrlq peyd)"qq l,otrrlg onn1lonq TroD dler q sqCI,ppoopdvr1 ryulol,oyia, pe a,not6l,eopo vo, yiver o,vnreipevo erpetdl"l,euo.qq on6 doleroDq. Aev unripler <pio,ro,r povo8mrl ol,r1Oero;> an6 6vo,vnpoqrltr'1oe rdnoto Bouv6,crl,l,d6vcrq oo6a,p6g orSvbeopoq ov8polvKCI,r nou n6TDvolKrirv npoo.06touv rpo o'rl'lv ntrpu, oro vc,dtqq avOprbfilvrlg yvcilo-qq. Ot 6rt1<popeq pd0o6orryulo0epu,neiu,q Tro,poDftou ordo'rqrov e6crl 61ouv6),eqpo(i rar (elroptorri ro,Oeprd tqv o(ic, rouq, ol,l,ti rc,prti 6ev eivo,rq no,vdrero, ytcr6l"egrrq aoOdvereg. yulol,oytrrl enrou.lpn6piH oKrror o'Tovq7lrCI,r6 otd8ro rot o.iyoupo rrooorqq ro ord 0eponeioq 6ev eivor trCI,vonorqtmd. Aev undpler rtinoro oDyKeKplpdvo ernCI,t8aucrr6 oforqpo, y1oyrorpodq 11epaottdlveq crvol"ut6q 6e6opdvou ot ro,r 6tt or5ylpovegolol"dq 8ivouv peyril,rl dpgoor"loro Odpro tou oe(, crutr1 p60o6oq q ovoiyetrqv n6pta oe Bopr6q ro,rcrlpqoerq 6tov Xpno'lt"tofiorq0ei ano anet.pcr KCrr ordOoptcrytpw.

92

KEOAAAIO XXIII

H IIPAKTIKH EOAPMOTH THE YYXOAOIIAE


6rdBuoov rponyoripeveg rlq oel"i6eq, npdoe0c (crv ncoq to(rvopor5vro,t preprrdq or n)"o,trfq unobro,rpdoerq. Aq 8oripe rrilpc o,ur6qrrq uno6tc,rpdoetq o.rr1 o'X6or1 rouq pr rrlv fipo,Krtrclte1vr1rqq (o1q. H npcotrlpeydl,rl uno8roipeonfiou pel,etqo.crpe u,oXol"eito pr ro enineSo, nou 6to,tpeito,r vouq Kol o toug rp6nouq o'rdryrlqfioD CI,vrtc'ror1ei ro0dvcr. oto Me crutrircr eninebCI, r1g oldoerq touq ouv6dovtcrr Kcr,l orevd to, anifie8CI, pvnpTlq rnq Ko,rtqq ouyrdvrpoorlq rd0a o,v0pcilnou. rdnota, t66cr, Av oqof ero.dl,Oet oto vou, e(o,rpa,vro'rei o,oDvri6qto, oro l"dpenrrlq (eXtio.tqKr Kor OeopeitotXopdvq. 'Onroqei6o,pe, 6d8aro,6e oupBaiverrdtt tdroro. Ano0qredetur o'to o,ouvei6rlro Kor trrnoporSpe rn Xprloltrofiorqooupe vCI, do.tro rcrr av 6aV dloupe tipeorl np6o6o,or'1 o,ur1. Yndpler oe pro nol"rti roropio oletrrcd ps rn oupOoul"rl nou bdOqre o'erdnoro veoSropropdvo 6ma,otq:<Avu,roivcoor rnv crn6qooqo'ou,pdl,l"ov sivur oroorrl. pnv ovCI,rotvrrtvergrouq l,6yoDgfioD oe obrlyqoCI,v u,urr1, or ywri pti)")"ov0q,eivot l"dOoc).Eivo,roCI,v rou dl,evCI,
93

'Ooor

O MHXANDMO'

TOY NOY

yo,v:('A<pqoeto CI,o'uvei8rlro ene(epyoo'rei va, rrlv a,n6<pooqoro qoq tou reptio'trou n),r'10ouq ororleiorv nou neprdxer,o'upftrpt)"a,p6o,v6psvnq rrlq nrorrlq Kor ovofiopo,ycrlynq rtiOe vopurori 6t6l"ioDfiou dlerq 6rcr6ctoet,rd0e dorrotuXoiaq nopurrlpqorlq Trou 61erqoro6oer, pcr(i pe rn o'Dlr?rDKvolpdvrl epnerpic, nou 61er o<pqoer rl,r1povoptdq rpu),qoou Ko,1 nr0avd 0o eivo,r ocrrortl. 6prrlq Av npoo'na,0r1oaq erl,oyrrefosrg rnv vo crn6<poor1, rnv epprlvefoerg 6pouqrqq ouver8qpe vo rqq o'ouyvrrlor'1q, iorrlql"a0eyerq, enet8rlo ouvet6qt6q voDqooD orite nl.rlord(er to n),r'1Ooq yvrrtoqg rqq ron c,ouvei6qtou>. Av pcr0o,ivope epmoreu6p.cr,ore o,ouvei6r1t6q vo trq poq pe066ouq o'rdryqq,0o ernl,rloo'6pCI,orr ovcmo,l"rjfirovroq yro,ro tr eivor muvdq.H r6toquio, pnopeivo optorei oCI,v 8rivoprl X,pno1q tl roD ooDvri8rlcouvou Ko1rl dpnveuorloov pro oouvei8qtrl ovd6l,uor1. H trvqpn prnopei 6el,trco0ei va, nol"f erpetcr)"l,eu6pevor rqv rrcavdTnro, ouverppodtrov r8erov, Tou rKo,vdrqto orrlv onoio,Booi(ovrat ro 8tdrpopo o-uool.proto ovtintuqqrnq pvnpnq.Av ndpoupepro 166o nou 0dl"oupsvo, 0updpuoc Ko,rr1'l eovro,otofpe.rcr0apri oe oX6or1pe rrinoto ovtiororpl r6dcr, rrlv onoiu, pe eipoore rdoo e(orreratpdvot ororeva onorel,eip6vrpo rpnpo rrlq vonrlrnq paq opydvrrroqq, t6te crurdq ot 6rio 0o ouvbeOodv ovo,n6onc,oro, 0o pnoporipe KCr,r ndvro vo Xpnorpolrorodpe 8er5repq vCI, y1CI, rcrl"dooupe rq rqv nporrrl. ' To 6votxto,, r1o,vtinru(r1 toug Kor rl pe0oSoq l,erroupyicrqrouq o,nore),ofvpto, Sefrepq peyd)"r1 unopoq. Eivo,r<povepd npdner 8ruipeoq rou 0dtrror6q noq
94

KEOAAAIO XXIII

H IIPAKTIKH EOAPMOTH THE YYXOAOIIAE


6rdBuoov rponyoripeveg rlq oel"i6eq, npdoe0c (crv ncoq to(rvopor5vro,t preprrdq or n)"o,trfq unobro,rpdoerq. Aq 8oripe rrilpc o,ur6qrrq uno6tc,rpdoetq o.rr1 o'X6or1 rouq pr rrlv fipo,Krtrclte1vr1rqq (o1q. H npcotrlpeydl,rl uno8roipeonfiou pel,etqo.crpe u,oXol"eito pr ro enineSo, nou 6to,tpeito,r vouq Kol o toug rp6nouq o'rdryrlqfioD CI,vrtc'ror1ei ro0dvcr. oto Me crutrircr eninebCI, r1g oldoerq touq ouv6dovtcrr Kcr,l orevd to, anifie8CI, pvnpTlq rnq Ko,rtqq ouyrdvrpoorlq rd0a o,v0pcilnou. rdnota, t66cr, Av oqof ero.dl,Oet oto vou, e(o,rpa,vro'rei o,oDvri6qto, oro l"dpenrrlq (eXtio.tqKr Kor OeopeitotXopdvq. 'Onroqei6o,pe, 6d8aro,6e oupBaiverrdtt tdroro. Ano0qredetur o'to o,ouvei6rlro Kor trrnoporSpe rn Xprloltrofiorqooupe vCI, do.tro rcrr av 6aV dloupe tipeorl np6o6o,or'1 o,ur1. Yndpler oe pro nol"rti roropio oletrrcd ps rn oupOoul"rl nou bdOqre o'erdnoro veoSropropdvo 6ma,otq:<Avu,roivcoor rnv crn6qooqo'ou,pdl,l"ov sivur oroorrl. pnv ovCI,rotvrrtvergrouq l,6yoDgfioD oe obrlyqoCI,v u,urr1, or ywri pti)")"ov0q,eivot l"dOoc).Eivo,roCI,v rou dl,evCI,
93

'Ooor

O MHXANDMO'

TOY NOY

yo,v:('A<pqoeto CI,o'uvei8rlro ene(epyoo'rei va, rrlv a,n6<pooqoro qoq tou reptio'trou n),r'10ouq ororleiorv nou neprdxer,o'upftrpt)"a,p6o,v6psvnq rrlq nrorrlq Kor ovofiopo,ycrlynq rtiOe vopurori 6t6l"ioDfiou dlerq 6rcr6ctoet,rd0e dorrotuXoiaq nopurrlpqorlq Trou 61erqoro6oer, pcr(i pe rn o'Dlr?rDKvolpdvrl epnerpic, nou 61er o<pqoer rl,r1povoptdq rpu),qoou Ko,1 nr0avd 0o eivo,r ocrrortl. 6prrlq Av npoo'na,0r1oaq erl,oyrrefosrg rnv vo crn6<poor1, rnv epprlvefoerg 6pouqrqq ouver8qpe vo rqq o'ouyvrrlor'1q, iorrlql"a0eyerq, enet8rlo ouvet6qt6q voDqooD orite nl.rlord(er to n),r'1Ooq yvrrtoqg rqq ron c,ouvei6qtou>. Av pcr0o,ivope epmoreu6p.cr,ore o,ouvei6r1t6q vo trq poq pe066ouq o'rdryqq,0o ernl,rloo'6pCI,orr ovcmo,l"rjfirovroq yro,ro tr eivor muvdq.H r6toquio, pnopeivo optorei oCI,v 8rivoprl X,pno1q tl roD ooDvri8rlcouvou Ko1rl dpnveuorloov pro oouvei8qtrl ovd6l,uor1. H trvqpn prnopei 6el,trco0ei va, nol"f erpetcr)"l,eu6pevor rqv rrcavdTnro, ouverppodtrov r8erov, Tou rKo,vdrqto orrlv onoio,Booi(ovrat ro 8tdrpopo o-uool.proto ovtintuqqrnq pvnpnq.Av ndpoupepro 166o nou 0dl"oupsvo, 0updpuoc Ko,rr1'l eovro,otofpe.rcr0apri oe oX6or1pe rrinoto ovtiororpl r6dcr, rrlv onoiu, pe eipoore rdoo e(orreratpdvot ororeva onorel,eip6vrpo rpnpo rrlq vonrlrnq paq opydvrrroqq, t6te crurdq ot 6rio 0o ouvbeOodv ovo,n6onc,oro, 0o pnoporipe KCr,r ndvro vo Xpnorpolrorodpe 8er5repq vCI, y1CI, rcrl"dooupe rq rqv nporrrl. ' To 6votxto,, r1o,vtinru(r1 toug Kor rl pe0oSoq l,erroupyicrqrouq o,nore),ofvpto, Sefrepq peyd)"r1 unopoq. Eivo,r<povepd npdner 8ruipeoq rou 0dtrror6q noq
94

H IIPAKTIKH E@APMO|H TH' YYXOAO|IAX

vcrovrrprconi(oupe qCIqoe o16o11 ro rlvotrrro rn pr rur o1r ps ro vou, c,l"l,d 6ev npdnervo (elvdpr Trrrlq Kor ro rvorrKro,e(el,ioo-ovro,r, pdl,l"ovrpononororio r.1 vrrrr orrlv drgpao-r1 Touq,ond trlv nieorl r<rlvvrcDv or,r"0qrcirv o'rqv nopeio o.1q Kot e(dl"r(r1g roug Korvo_ vrronorodvro,rKo,rerruol"tti(ovtor o.to,0epd. ripo, o,v xur npdner vo, oDva6rlronotrlc.oDpr Trrrrg orqv Trpo_ ropXrrq 6ryq touq Bpiorovto,ro.rrl Btiorl trlq rjnop(r1q po,q, ornv e(el,rypdvndVn rouq l.ertoupyoriv oirlu *or, nepr<pdpero' fipoKapdvoul.orndv vo (rloouperrrpo,io,, oqeil,oupevo rvCI,ppoviooupe er8rll,rrloriq,orq o, trq rri0a enine8o rrlg rinop(r1q pog. H rpirq Kc,I.orlpo,vnrotepq uno6ro,ipeoq,u,nd rqv rinoyrl rqq nporrrrrlq rnq (rrlnq,eivot ourq nou o,o1o),eirol roDq pl1ovropodq pe rouq onoioDqo lre voDq fipooopp6(etor oro nepr8dl,l"ovroD. konoq ytugnp{ntr vo,eivCI,t enireu(q fipoooppoynqoto ou_ ri verSq16 vou o,noppo<prrrvroq oeoporrrrvovioq Ko,r rdoe epnerpio, ouver8qtonorrrrvto,g pnopor5pe pri_ 6rr vo 0oupre poO4porupagon6 to ru,rd, dnrrlq un6 to ro rcc,t rcrl"o,Ko,l. rd0e epnerpio,dorroror rcc,rq, firrlg u,n6n1v onoio,noipvouperdnoro pti0r.1po, prooror1errrrverst ond 6ql,qtrlpro oe xpoqn. Av ro,r eivor u,nopofulto peprroi r6nor r6eci)v vo onrlr0ofvrCI,r vo pn psrorpo,norjv 6pdor1, pnv yro oe oq (eXvripenotd ncoq onroOrlorl unovoeionopoirrl_ q 6ev to 6tdolro'q, rritr fiou CI,vo,p<pro6rlrqro rord. eivo,t llotd 6e Oc,undp(er brdolroq u,v eipoote ripror pe rov eour6 pog. 'Oro,v opvoripa,orrvo, nopa6e10or5pe ordpq Kor orov eourd poq nog q grjo.qpo,qrordler opropdvequ,pldyoveqdryerq,epno8i(oupeng r6deq
95

O MHXANI'MO'

TOY NOY

nou oleri(ovtot pe crutdgvo, ouv8e0oriv pe rrlv fipooonrrdrqrd pog Kot vo ntipouv q 06or'1rouq orrl poq vor'1ttrcr1. (on' 6tot petatpdnovto,t oe (6vcr or.rrpcrro, ylo, To voD, pt rtlv teXvtrrl ovopooio 6rXcrop6vu oupnl"eypcrro lroD ),ettoupyotiv ove(riptqto o,no to rf pro eycrm6 ofpnl"eypc,. Avti vo uroOetofpe ounl tq otdoq, og a,voyvrrlpipoq ooDpr o'cr1<pr5or1 outti ta, nprot6yovo epeOiopo,ro' suTtvrrd crl,6rov or erbrll"rrroerqrouq nopep6crivoDv, ),d otoOepd crgtrq 6d(oupe ot4 0doq roDq Kot o,q6eBorrov6pcrorsftrrrq6ev noipvoDv ro ndvro Xdpt. Aq pqv [elvtipe tqv tepdotto 8rivcrpqtrlg cru0uno6ol,qq, ener8rl o oouvei8rltoq voDqteiver vo petatp6?ra or 6pdor1 rd0e etrovo fioD ToDfiopoDotd(eto,t o,prerd 6vrovcr,rbrcritepo,otav eivcn ouyrtvqoto,rd rpopnopdvrl. Aq npood1oDpe l"orn6v nol.rj to ei6oq trrlv <p66o errovov oro onoio eotrcr(6poote otoOepa, aTEo q enr0upio, ytari 0o 8topopqciloouv rn (rrln pcrq Kol rrq ouv0rlrtq xnq oa tdtoto drtootl nou el.dlroro oDvetDqtonoror5pe. H 6),n npoond0etd pcrg nptna vo, eivot q 6totr'1r'1 pnon rnq oDvoxnq tqq Trpooo?tlKotqtcrg, anotponrl oupnl"eypritcrlvt8errtvKot q ouveXtlq rdOe 8rrioTroo'nq noparrlprlon rcrlv evotirtcrrv nou nqyd(ouv o,n6 to 6o0ritepo ne6tcr trlq rjncrp[r]q poq, rirote vo Opiorouv ttq 6ro6ouq roDq ro,0op6q Ko,1o,vtpfi68roteq Kot vo pdouv enr6pcilvroqoxo, crvcirtepo ne6io rIq (rrlnq.

96

KEOAAAIO XXIV

EYMfIEPAEMA
),eX0ei ncoq ordpq Kol yrCI, firo porprvd aor6ro pt Devundpler {yvoqyvrrloqq nou apyd q yprlyopc, vcr pq 6pe0ei 61ertqv eni8puorltou otu npo8l.rlporcr otr rqq ov0prrlnrvrlq (rrlnq.Kor epl6poom oro eprorqpcr yto ro noro,aivo,rn oDvsloqopdrrlg eTrrornpnq rqg ovOprrrnrvqq e6oqq otrlv enil.Dol1rov roOqpeprvorv proq po6l,r'1 prircov. n H nporttrrl e<poppoyn ryulol,oyiaq61eroptrIg o'pdveq eu8rrirprreg ogoipeq l,etroupyicrq. oup6ol,r1 H rrlq ornv erno,i6euo'r1 dler o,vCI,yvoprorei rorpo uno rc,r dlet yiver no),),q o(tol,oyq boul,ertiorq pel,6rq rou nor8rro$ vou. H nporurrl o(io trlq ryuXol.oyicrq tqq rodpoorlq oe o'1dol1 pe rIV fiopoyoyrK6trltc, orqv epycroiocvcryvropio.rqKe rop6u,q oo,v rqq rqo,ppoopdvr1g enrorrlpqq.O topeoq rrrlvKorvovxcirvnpoBl"qprircrtv neprprdvet crno ro,tp6 vo e(epeuvqOei ror ovop<pi8ol,a pel"dtrl rnq yulol,oyiaq rou eyrl.rlpa,11 ticr ror tou dvepyou0o dlet o,norel"6o.pcrto tepdortoq rotvrovtrqqo[ioq. flpoq to nop6v q fipooo1rleotrd(erol orov topdo rrlq \/D1olro0ol,oyicrg. Kc,veig6ev ap<pro6r.1ret ovrro,
97

'Eyet

O MHXANIXMO'

TOY NOY

rtiprlrqg o[ioq o,note]"6opCI,rCI, TroD enrcuylrivovro,r or our6 rov ropdo. H o(icr rou 6prolq 6ev neptopi(etcrt -ro0coq p6vo orr"1v o,vororS<pron oo06veroq, rnq u,l"l"d r1 dpeuvoep6o,06ver- onq ouv0rlreq nou TrpoKo,Kor 'Onroqq l"or5vtqv o,o'06vera. enrorrlpn rqq noOol,oyioq poq 66rrlo'e enro'trlprlrnq uyrervrlq, pe),dtr1 tqv q rrrrv vonrtrritv oo'0evercbv 6eiXva ro 6p6po yto pcrq uyrdoteprl orfryq. Mcrq 6r6doKa ?rcDq rdOe o,g6orrq otriorl Trpoq (coq0o nporo,l"6oer rrl vorlttrq 6uoop6'Onroq oKao, ov 61t ftpoypo,TlKr1 cro06vero. rl ovontuo'o6pevq 8rdvoto o6rlyrlor rov rivOpotno porprri crn6trq nportdyoveg ouvOqreq, 6nou to, dvotrrto rltcrv encrpreiq o6r1yoi,6ror ra,r tcopa, nptnet va ego,pp6oer rq l,oytrr'1roD oro vdcrnpoBl,rlpoto nou npora,l.oriv or rcrtvoripyreq ouv0qKsq KCI,l pnv crgrlver l"6o'11 vo tq Touq orCI, dvotrrrc, TroD To,rplti(ouvoe onl"ofoxrpsq To tropedgl,ertoupyic,q. dvorrrto rrlq pcrlrlrrr6rrlroq ( to dvotrKro rnq qDyqq 6e OCI, rcrOo8rlyqooDv roDq el,typorigev6qor5ylpovoD orpo,tod"odte or npor6yoveq ro0r1o'erg ro,tcrotqoouvtrc,v6 tov dvOpcrtfio 0o, vo (qoer qo'uXcr rDrD1ropdva ouv0r'1rrq 66pnKo,r oe fioD -dncogpopxDoov or o'6v0ereq vor'1rtr6q 8rcr8rrooieq pti r'1rpoporcrrrcq unepolrl tcovdl,urcov oe(oua),trcbv rupo6l,r"1ptirrov an6 ro 1o,porn6 nioro 06crpo nol.rrrrou oporl pcrg.To buo rpitcr, crv 61t neptoo6tepo, Ttov veuprrcbv npo6),qpdtcov orpeil"ovror o,tr6lrpoond0ereq rdnorou npot6yovou evorirroD vo l"erroupyrloet rdtrrl on6 nol,rnopdveg ouv0qKeqKo,1ornv ofiorulio roD vo npooCI,pproorei. Eivor o,vtiyrrl vu,6yd),oulm ro, dvotrrrd pcrga,n6rq'v nrpropl rou oouvei8qtoDKor vo XplorFonotqooutm rq l"oyrrr'1po,qy1o, l"u0orjv vo
98

'YMIIEPA:MA

ro rpo6i-r1Forofiou poq nrd(ouv. Oa e7n'e qovep6 ?rrrlg 6l"q trlv drctooqrou 6ror Bi-ior, ro 6dpoq 660r1reotq l.etroupyio ru,r 6pu,oe4prrdlrlra oorrrvanine8rrlv voD Bpio.rovrcrr roD rtitrrr o,::o to rctrrlrpl"r tqq ouvei8nonqrc,r rcrto8eil0rlre nrrlq ro rvorrKro,Kor d1r o vouq eivar to rl,erbi yro rov crr'Oprirnrvo flc,pouorriorqre, snioqg, 6tt o voug vou. Bpioreto,ros rotdoroorl e[d]"r[qq ror rrrlqn ],oytrq, oov q nro np6o'rpotr'1 ovdntu(q, 61etior.1 tou Bto),oyrrr1 oqpooio pe rc 6vottrro roD oef ru,r xrlq o,uroo.Dvrrlprlorlgror oropq 6tt 6ev pnoporSpe oyvoo6pe vo rtq u,vrrrtepeq r6r6tqteq TouovopcilnrvoD neproo6voD repo an6 6oo prcoporJpe opvqOor5pr ol"qOrvr1 vo, rnv roug 06oq orov Ttpor6yovo. Me l,iycr X6yta, o npcrrtdyovoq Bpio-retcrr orq 6doI rqq 6nop(r1qpcrq, o,l"l,tiornv KopD<pr1 ordrera,r o Oeioqdv0potnoq' epeiq,raOrrlq ova8aivoupe, Optor6po,orco'eperc,Bocxrlrc,trioroorl 6nou ro oo.uvei8qto Kor ro unepouvei8qro6e o"uvepyri(ovrot cm6prlpe ro ouver64r6 vou. Ae Bl"dnoupe nu,pel,06v ro orjre to p6l"l"ov Staq, napa prdvooe opu6p6q overptrdqKo,ropopo,nrdqetr6veq,on6 rqv o8e6orqkipVn rqq 6roio0qo'qqpdl,l"ovrco,r crn6to ro0o,p6qoq rqq l.oyt61r rqq, evcrt raprd l,r5or1 o,vopcontvou, Korv(Dvrrori ryu11 npo6l,r1potoq 6ev tyet u\ia ov bev c,vo<pdXol"oyrrorS peror oto p6l"l"ovpo,KCI,r nopel.06v.M61pt trrtpo, oro q yulol,oyicr ovo(r'lrrloero np6tund rqg oro nprrlt6yovo Ko,1 unovOprrtntvo, ftoq ro dvOoq rqq felvcitvro,q ovOpcon6rqrog eivcrrdvo <puorr6npOt6v,. po(i pe ro It(awa rnq' fiog 0prloreicr,o,yv6rqrorcrr't6ec,l,top6q eivo,tpdpn rnq a,vOprrlnrvqq rot o,utrito erionq, dnrrlq

O MHXANIXMO' TOY NOY

npcoroyovo, dvotrrto ftoD npordl.eouv u,veincoro, ryrl,qporo. Mro ryulol,oyicrnou crvaqdpero,r fiooro pel"06vpnopei vo poq beifer trq u,rtieq,ol"l"d p6vo 11 ryuXol,oyio Trouovo,qdpetcrr oto p6l"l"ov pnopei vo npoorpdpet 0epcrneieq. e(6)"r(r16e oroptirrlor rIV H np6o66 rrlg otov 8qprofpyqor rov rivOprrlno rrrlv onql,u,irov <pul.d orKoydvetd vcr rrlv tou, u,l"l"d o,vdnturov <Opycrvrop6Atdoroorlqrov flo,t8rcov>>, oo fe noioq oDpTro,poordOr1renol"l"do6or10qro oe no,r6rri. H yuXol,oyia nou 6o,oi(etu1 <prl"oooqio o'rnv tqq entotpo<pr1 orov fiporoyovropd,rbro,itepcr ov ounl 6e 11ryulol,oyia entyapei vcrl"rjoet o,vOprrrnrvcr npo6l"r1o,ropmri 11o'ul,l,oymti,na,popel"ei ororleio to t-rorcr nlq e(d),r(qg. fvropi(oupe noq rl (cor'1 (erivno'r o'rn 0dl,oo'ocr Ko,l fioq rcr veoyvti nol"l"rrlv et6ov nepvor5v 'Oor6pq trlv npcilul <pdon rTlq(crlnq roDqoro vep6. rov opcoq Byrlrov orrl orsprd rur to Bpdylro dyrvcrv nveripoveg, orapdrqoov vo eivat u6p68ro, nl,riopcrto Kot rcr i1vrl tqq roroyoyr1qrouq i,norycrv eivo,r vo l"erroupyrrti' Kor o Bdrpoloq pnopei vo,nvtyei to i6to e6rol.o pe rdOe cil,l,onl"dopo TrolJ ovonvder o,6po, napti ro yeyov6q o'ro nope)"06v 6tt unqp[e yupivoq.'Erot Ko,rq ovOprbnrvn orrlv Tropriotqq s[e]"r(nq VDX,q rqq dler crvovripprlrcnepdoetun6 pro,npcoroyovq qdo'n, o),},do,v,orTlv npoonti0ero0eporceio,q rdnotaq l"ovOa,opevqg pryrti (o,vd oe ourrl tq griu,vtinrunq, oq nop6l"o fioD e(el,iXqre oe rdnorcr ovritteprl,0a 6oo oiyoupo 0o nvryei o Bdrpcrloqrdrcocrn6ro 1crOei vep6.konoq rrlq yuXo0epo,neio,q npdner eivor 6ev vo q nol"rv8p6pnon roD voD oro rrpor6yovcrototleio, rot rp6no ordyqq, crl"l"ri 6or10r1oe1 ovOprrlndva xnv
100

;YMIIEPA'MA

qE orq petd8oorl trlq a,n6ro ro,rrbtepooro crvcbrapo. rpo{ to onoio pog ol0eiq e[e]"r[q eira to 06],oupe eic o7-r.flpoooppoyq o"ronepr8dl,l,oveivo,rto rl,qtdi pa rn ;aln Kor ro nepr8dl,l"ov oro onoio to ritopo -ov ypua(erar 6oq0ercr- rnv trpnsrvc 6oq0r10ei y1o rpoooppoyq tou 6ev eivar crur6nou o,n6yevtd or yrvrti pog 6u0i(er61"o nro no)"6oro nopel"06v, ro,r ol,l"d yiverar ereivo ro pel,l,ovtrr6 nou olpo pe tr"1vrrtpcr nop6v rccrr o,n6ro onoio 6evundpler 6raquyr1. H yuloOeponeiooqeil"ervo enefepycrorei 16(o to nou 6ro,ypti<per e(el,r[q Kor vo 6ei[et to 6p6po r'1 qg orouq neptnl"ovrilprvouq <pul"r1q. Eivu,renmiv6uvrl rc,r pdtc,rrl 11<ptl"oo'o<pio nporeiverxnv efirorponou <pr1 nopel"06vo'crv oto btoquynano ro nop6v. H yerol,oyio,r'1(rool"oyiu,n Korvovrol.oyiu, n Kor oDyKplrlKqyulol"oyio pcrq beilvouv rqv e(61,r(nroD onl,orj oe ofvOeto, on6 tov tiv0pcoTTo onql"oiov rov ps rtq el,dlro'regovdyreq rot npo6l"11poto,, nepionq proq ofylpovnq Bropr'11ovrrqq nl,oreq ouvOrlreq rotvcovicrq. o,ur6to pxp6 rpnpo tou efel"rrnrof 16Ie (ou, pre onoio eipoore t6o'o orevd ouv6s6epdvor, ro o rfptoq nopdyovtcrq eivor to fvortrto rnq oydl"rlqnou pcrq nre(er 8roprrrlqfipoq rqv nl"rlpdotepnKolvovlKonoir1oq rqq ovOprrlndrqtog. Kd0e fipoooppoyrlnou entyapti to ctropo,npdnervu,oler((ero,r pr tqv ol.6rrlrd rou oo,vKorvovmrl provdbcr o1r pe trq ovdrcrr yK.q ocrvpovo,6m6 rou dropo, H 8royvolotrrr1KCI,r fieprypcqrrrl ryulol,oyia,np6?ra vo 8rolcopi(ercrr o,n6rq Oepcrneurrrrl yuXol,oyio, orrlv onoicrel,tilto'to ner61o,pe. dpeuvu, ripprrlH rou oroD vou on6 p6vr1rqq 6e 0o,npoo<pdprl r),et6i yro ro
l0l

O MHXANI'MO>

TOY NOY

pto uyrq (rur.r1' npfner vri pel,etrlooupe rorvcrlvrrrlpo,(i pr rnv otoprrq yu1ol"oyiu,,ener8qo dv0pcrlnoq eivor rorvrovx6 ov Ko,ror voqnrdq rou Srcr8rrooieq rco0opi(ovcor ond outd to yeyov6q'dnota npoocrppoyr.l rdvar -Ko,t Trpoooptroyq eivor 11Briorl rrlq ryuloOepo,neio,q- nptna vo, oleti(rro,r ps rqv Kolvovtrq rou opri6o, ol,l,ri Ko,rps uq o,o'uvri8rlteq enrOupieq rou. Aev crpreivo dplovtcn ot ent0upisq oro grrlq rnq o'Dvei6rlo'r1q, nptna vo ouvriOrvrcno,ppowrd pr xnv Dn6l"otnr1TrpooofilKdtqtcr, rqv Korvovxrl opyrivoon, tqq onoicrqrl fipoorrrnrr6rqro, eivor pro povribu,, ror ps ro peytil"oe(el,mrtr6 rfpo,, tou onoiou u,rc6pq ror 'Io.rrlq q Vun quln 6ev eivor napa pepxrl 6rrppo,oq. apyilet pe ro npcor6yovo, cr),}"d npdnervo, loOepcrneia rel,arovetlre ro 0eio, ener8qnporetro,rTro brjo evrCI,iouqnoptiyovrsg ovOpcrtTrrvoD tou vou.