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1 Perspex has a higher refractive index than air. Light entering the Perspex from air will A slow down slightly and bend towards the normal. B slow down slightly and bend away from the normal. C speed up slightly and bend towards the normal. D speed up slightly and bend away from the normal.
2 When a light ray passing from glass to air strikes the boundary at the critical angle, the light ray A is totally internally reflected. B passes through to the air without any change in its direction. C travels along the boundary between the two surfaces. D is reflected back along its original path.
3 When a light ray passing from air to glass strikes the glass perpendicular to its boundary, the light ray will A speed up as it enters the glass and bend away from the normal. B pass through the glass without any change in its direction. C be totally internally reflected. D slow down as it enters the glass and bend towards the normal.
4 A light ray strikes a glass surface at a small angle and passes through the glass. The ray emerging from the glass into the air will be A parallel to the ray entering the glass. B in the same straight line as the ray entering the glass. C bent towards the normal as it exits the glass. D at right angles to the ray entering the glass. 5 When a ruler is viewed through water it appears bent because light A slows down as it passes from water to air. B is reflected at the surface of the water. C is refracted away from the normal as it passes from water to air. D is refracted towards the normal as it passes from water to air. 6 A fisherman under the water is attempting to spear a fish. The fisherman must aim A above the apparent depth of the fish. B directly at the fish as he sees it. C below the apparent depth of the fish.
C below the apparent depth of the fish. D to the left of the apparent position of the fish. 7 The image produced by a convex lens when the object is inside the focal length is enlarged, A real and upright. B real and inverted. C virtual and upright. D virtual and inverted.
8 The image produced by a convex lens when the object is well beyond the focal length is A real, inverted and diminished. B real, upright and enlarged. C virtual, inverted and diminished. D virtual, upright and enlarged. 9 An object 2.5 mm high produces an image 30 mm high. The magnification is A 0.25. B 4. C 12. D 20. 10 In the eye disorder known as long-sightedness, the image of an object forms behind the retina. Long-sightedness is corrected by bringing the image forward using A convex lenses that bend the light less. B convex lenses that bend the light more. C concave lenses that bend the light less. D concave lenses that bend the light more.
11 A mirror that curves outwards is called a A convex mirror. B round mirror. C concave mirror. D plane mirror. 12 Blue skies and red sunsets are caused by the A dispersion of light. B refraction of light. C absorption of light.
C absorption of light. D scattering of light. 13 In a primary rainbow, what colour is at the top of the rainbow? A blue B green C orange D red 14 Mirages are basically caused because light is A refracted differently at different temperatures. B dispersed differently at different temperatures. C reflected differently at different temperatures. D scattered differently at different temperatures. 15 Which of the following colours of light is most strongly refracted? A red B yellow C green D violet 16 Two colours of light that mix to make white light are called A primary colours. B secondary colours. C complementary colours. D phosphors. 17 What colour will a green leaf placed in green light appear to be? A black B green C red D blue 18 What colour is produced when magenta and cyan pigments are mixed? A black B green C red D blue 19 Which colours are absorbed by blue paint? A blue only B red, orange and yellow C green, blue, indigo and violet D red only 20 What colour is transmitted when cyan light is shone on a green filter?
20 What colour is transmitted when cyan light is shone on a green filter? A cyan B blue C green D red 21 Define 'refraction'. The bending of a light ray as it passes from one substance into another substance.
22 The diagram below shows a light ray travelling through air to the interface between the air and a glass block.
On the diagram, draw the normal, and a possible path for the ray in the glass. 23 Light travelling from substance A to substance B is totally internally reflected. Identify a) the substance (A or B) that has the higher optical density. b) the angle at which the light ray must have struck the boundary of A and B for total internal reflection to occur. a) A b) an angle greater than the critical angle
24 Is light always refracted when it passes from one material to another? Explain your answer. No. When a light ray strikes perpendicular to a boundary it is not bent.
25 The diagram below shows a pencil placed in water. The pencil appears bent when viewed from the air.
Complete the diagram by drawing the position of the image of the pencil as seen by the viewer. 26 List three advantages of optical fibres over copper wire for transmitting data. • thinner • cheaper
• cheaper • more durable • can carry more information.
27 Identify which type of lens (convex or concave) a) is fatter in the middle than at the ends. convex b) can produce a real image. convex
28 As the curvature of a lens increases, a) is the light bent more or less? more b) does the focal length increase or decrease? decrease
29 Apply the rules for drawing light rays through lenses to complete the diagram shown below, by a) drawing in the refracted light rays. b) labelling the principal focus. c) labelling the focal length.
30 The diagram below shows a partly drawn ray-tracing diagram.
a) Complete the ray-tracing diagram. b) Is the image produced i) real or virtual? real ii) upright or inverted? inverted iii) enlarged or diminished diminished 31The objective lens of a telescope produces an image just inside the focal length of the eyepiece lens. This image acts as the object for the eyepiece lens. a) For a larger first image to be formed, should the objective lens be thin or thick? thin b) Explain why telescopes are long. Thin lenses have long focal lengths 32 Explain why the sky appears blue during the day. Blue light is scattered by particles in the atmosphere more than other colours. More blue light therefore reaches our eyes from particles in the sky.
33 Is black a colour? Explain your answer. No, Black is the absence of any colour. 34 The diagram below shows combinations of light colours.
Recall the names of the colours marked a to d.
35 Identify what colour (if any) is transmitted when a) white light is shone on a blue filter. Blue b) red light is shone on a green filter. No light c) magenta light is shone on a red filter. red 36 Identify the colour or colours of light that are a) absorbed by a blue shirt. all colours other than blue b) reflected by a red shirt. red c) combined to produce yellow light. Red and green 37 Recall the name given to the a) spreading of light by particles in the sky. scattering b) bending of light rays as they pass from one material to another. refraction c) splitting of light into component colours by a prism. dispersion
38 Light from neon lamps is largely red and orange. Propose why some butchers place neon lamps above their window displays. The meat appears redder in the ‘red’ light than it does in white light.
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