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Elektronov spektrometr pro studium reakc aniont

reakce asociativnho odtren

tpn Rouka
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague  Czech Republic

2nd May 2012, Prague, Czech Republic

Motivation: Cosmological importance of AD


Associative Detachment reaction (AD): A + B AB + e possibly exothermic and fast at low temperatures chemistry of the ISM H2 O reaction complex

1 O + H2 H2 O + e O + H2 OH + H 2 OH + H H2 O + e

Gas phase water formation from anions in the interstellar space

Motivation: Cosmological importance of AD


H2 - important coolant during protogalaxy formation Mechanisms of H2 production:

1 H + e H + H + H H2 + e 2 H + H+ H+ + 2 H + H+ H2 + H+ 2 3 H + H + H H2 + H

The rst one is dominant except for high red shifts and late phases of protostar formation Rate constant uncertainity model parameters of protogalaxies dier by orders of magnitude

Ion trapping technology


Linear multipole traps Storage ion sources

adiabatic eective potential

n2 q 2 V02 r Ve = 2 4m2 r0 r0

2n2

[Gerlich Adv. Chem. Phys. 1992]

CEB-22PT apparatus - rate constant measurement


H2

H2

Results: H + H associative detachment (AD)


Extension & verication of previous results March 2011 January 2011
(10 cm s )
MERGED BEAM

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 101 102 (K)

Sakimoto Langevin Bruhns thermal Cizek measured data SIFT

TRAP?

SIFT

[Kreckel et al., Science, 2010]

103

[Gerlich et al., ApJ, 2012]

Current project - ES-MPT


Beam source

Electron Spectrometer with MultiPole Trap


Octopole ion guide Magnetic collimator MCP detector

RF storage ion source

Quadrupole - guiding and mass selection

Octopole ion trap

Electrostatic lter

H + H H2 (v , j ) + e (E ) Excess E 3.75 eV.

Energy of detached electron is related to quantum state of H2

Electron energy distribution and rotational state of a H

from AD [ek et al, J Phys B, 1998]

Adiabatic collimator
Adiabatic invariant in mag. eld = E /B = const. E transforms to E in decreasing B Resolution
E

B2 B1

Velocity vector transformation

Main coils

Ferromagnetic shielding

MCP detector Focusing coil

RF + magnetic elds
for c
rf adiabatic approximations still holds

exact trajectory adiabatic approximation adiabatic + drift approximation

Resonances occur at higher mag. elds


107 106 105 104 103 102 101 100 0 1/3 1/2
3.50 3.48 3.46 3.44 3.42 3.40 3.38

-0.0002

106 105 104 103 102 101

-0.001 0 0.001
/

First ES-MPT tests: O photodetachment


First electrons detected - Feb. 2012
103 e- count / s 102 101
e- production rate recorded by MCS. Same magnetic field used for ions.

First measured spectra 3 weeks ago


1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 normalized counts / s
532 nm 405 nm 660 nm

las. ON 10.00 1.00 0.10 0.00


ions, laser OFF, B ON [0207_28] ions, laser ON, B ON [0207_29] electrons - theory MCS detected electrons * 0.5 [TOF004]

counts / s / eV * 100

las. OFF particle count

0.05

0.10 t (s)

0.15

0.20

0.5

1.0 1.5 2.0 retarding potential [V]

2.5

Outlook

Spectrometer calibration by O + h O + e Measurement of spectra from O + H2 H2 O + e More distant future: H and OH with atomic hydrogen

Thanks for your attention