(Inst: MSSGDolipas)
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION THIS IS THE STRUCTURED RANKING OF INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS INTO HORIZONTAL LAYERS OR STRATA – depending on the characteristics that they have—economic standing (wealth & income), power, prestige, and others ( occupation, gender, race, ethnicity DIMENSIONS OF STRATIFICATION 1. ECONOMIC STANDING (wealth & income) Wealth: has something to do with what people own Income : refers to the amount of money people receive 2. POWER: refers to the capacity of an individuals or groups to have their way even against the wishes of others 3. PRESTIGE: respect, admiration, & recognition that a person or group of persons receive from others (associated with particular status) SOCIAL MOBILITY a. HORIZONTAL or VERTICAL mobility b. INTERGENERATIONAL mobility compares parents levels to that of their children. c. INTRAGENERATIONAL mobility plots career shifts within a persons lifetime. Stratification is characterized by openness or closeness. FORMS/PATTERNS OF STRATIFICATION 1. CLASS SYSTEM is a form of stratification in which people are ranked into categories according to their occupation or economic status but in which some opportunity exists for mobility. The following traits are sometimes used to define social class:
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occupation education income manners, style and cultural refinement. net worth power ownership of land, property, means of production, slaves... political standing vis-à-vis the government reputation of honor or disgrace social prestige, as from an honorary title, or association with an esteemed organization or person Language

Stratum models of class • • • Two-class models Three-class models Multi-stratum models Fussell's model : Warnerian social Class Model

1. Top out-of-sight: 1. Upper-Upper class 2. Upper Class: 2. Lower-Upper class 3. Upper-Middle Class: 3. Upper Middle Class 4. Middle Class: 4. True Middle Class 5. High Prole: 5. Lower Middle Class 6. Mid Prole: 6. Upper Lower Class 7. Low Prole: 7. Lower-lower class 8. Destitute: 9. Bottom out-of-sight: 2. CASTES are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification.

Areas with Caste sytem of stratification India Nepal: Sri Lanka Bali Yemen Africa (Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Algeria, Nigeria, Chad, Ethiopia and Somalia.) THEORIES OF STRATIFICATION According to Gerhard Linski : the advances of technology have widened the gap between the rich and the poor thru the increase of agricultural products. 1. Functionalist view : stratification is necessary so that people will be motivated to fill societies important position for the survival of that society 2. Conflict: The individuals’ conflicting desires for social resources result both in creation of stratification structured and in their eventual overthrow.

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