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2000

2002/10

Gass1993
directed experience
experiential learning

experiential learning

learning by doing and


reflection
Gass1993Schubert1986
Blacker2001
KolbLewinDeweyPiaget
concrete experiencereflective
observation abstract conceptualization active
experimentation2003Andreasen
& Wu,1999Brooks-Harris & Stock-Ward,1999Kolb,1984

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reflective thinking

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Blacker,2001Costa & Kallick,2000/2001Dewey,1910/1995


Ghaye Ghaye,1998Mathur,1971Perkins,1995Posner,1989Taggart &
Wilson,1998Tiles,1992200120002001
20032002

Dewey
an experience

triggering reflection

Dewey
think in depth
forked road
ambiguousdilemmaalternatives
triggering reflection

supervision
self-assessment
recordings
assignments
Blacker,2001
Dewey,1910/1995
2002

nonreflective learning

168

Schn1987

reflection-in-action

reflection-on-action
reflection-for-action

Taggart Wilson
1998

contextual
(dialectical)

Taggart Wilson1998

Promoting reflective thinking in teachers 44 action strategies,


Taggart, G. L. & Wilson, A. P.,1998, California: Corwin Press.
Schn Taggart Wilson

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Schn1987

ChenBoud, Cohen Walker Pollard


Chen1999 5-R
reflection

recognition

realization

response

resolution
BoudCohen Walker1993

returning to experience

attending to or connecting with feelings

evaluating experience

Pollard2002
reflcetplanmake provisionactcollect
dataanalyse dataevaluate datareflcet......

practicepraxis
2005

ChenBoud, Cohen Walker Pollard


Chen
Boud, Cohen Walker

Pollard

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Dewey,1910/1995Ghaye
Ghaye,1998Lazear,1994/2000Paris Ayres,1994Perkins,1995The University of
Aberdeen,UK2003200220022001
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Taggart Wilson1998
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