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# TMLO51/EE/20060811 Strength of Materials

Time:

180 minutes

Marks:

100

Instructions for the students : 1) All questions are compulsory . 2) "Long Answer type Question (LAQ)" is a supply type question of 20 marks which require typical answer of about 60-80 lines in about 32-40 minutes. 3) "Short Answer type Question (SAQ)" is a supply type question of 5 marks which require typical answer of about 15-20 lines in about 08-10 minutes. 4) Use ofnon-programmable type of scientific calculator is aollwed. 5) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary. 6)
Q.No.

## Assume suitable data if nec~ssary.

Question {a)
Question

Marks

I.

a)

10

b)

.0\. mm diameter shaft has a 20 mm thick surrounding collar 150 and is subjected to an axial compressiveload of 600 kN and is supported as shown in figure 1. Find the compressive stress induced in the shaft. Find also the shear stress induced in the collar .
600kN

10

1 25mr:~

1IJqmm i
e IN-'//

~.

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a. No. 2.
a)

Question

(a)

Question Marks 10

A vertical steel rod, 1300mm long, is rigidly securedat its upper end and a weight of 80 N is allowed to slide freely on the rod through a distance of 100 mm on to the stop at the lower end. The upper 700 mm length of the rod has a diameter of 20 mm while the lower 600 mm length is 16 mm in diameter. Calculate the maximum stress induced in the bar ignoring the extension of the bar in determining the potential energy given by the weight E = 2 x 105N/mm2. The compositebar consistingof steel and aluminium components as shown in figure 2 is connectedto two grips at the ends at a temperature of60oC.Find the streosesin the two rods when the temperature falls to 20oC.
i)
ii)

b)

10

## If the ends do not yield

If the ends yield by 0.25 mm. Take E s = 2 x 105 Nlmm2,

Ea = 0.70 x 105 Nlmm2, as = 1.17 x 10-5 per c and aa = 2.34 x 10-5 per C.

Area of the steel and aluminium bars are 250 mm2 and 375 mm2 respectively.

i-

SOotn

tf..

400mm

-I

Fig.2
10

3.

a)

Find the diameter of the shaft required to transmit 60 kW at 150 rpm. If the maximum torque is likely to exceedthe mean torque by 25 % for a maximum permissible shear stresS of 60 N/mm2.Find also the angle of twist for a length of2.5 meters. Take C = 8 x 104N/mm2.
A thin tube 60 mm in diameter and 2 mm thick is subjected to a torque. Find this torque if the permissible shear stress is 80 N/mm2. If the tube is 600 mm long, find the twist of the tube. Take C = 8 x 104 N/mm2. A beam AB 10 meters long has supports at ets end A and B. It carries a point load of 5 kN at 3 meters from A and a point load of 5 kN at 7 meters from A and a uniformly distributed load of 1 kN per meter between the point loads. Draw SF and EM diagrams for the beam.

b)

10

4.

a)

10

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b)

Question (a)

Question

Marks

The T-shaped cross-section of a beam shown in figure 3 is subjectedto vertical shear force of 100 kN .Calculate the shear stress at the neutral axis and at the junction of the web and the flange. Moment of inertia about the horizontal neutral axis is 1.134 x 108mm4.

10

Explain
i)
ii)

5 5
5

6.
7.

## Write a short note ()n "Thermal Stresses":

Write the assumptions made in the theory of pure torsion. Explain the theory of pure bending.

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TMLO52/EE/20060813
Engineering Mechanics -II

## Time: 180 minutes

Instructions for the students : 1) , All questions are compulsory. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) a. No.

Marks:

100

"Long Answer type Question (LAQ)" is a supply type question of 20 marks which require typical answer of about 60-80 lines in about 32-40 minutes. "Short Answer type Question (SAQ)" is a supply type question of 5 marks which require typical answer of about 15-20 lines in about 08-10 minutes. Use of non-programmable type 'of scientific calculator is aollwed. Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary. Assume suitable data if necessary.
Question (a)
Question Marks

## Long Answer type Questions (LAQ's)

I.
a) b)

Explain with neat sketchesx-t, u-t and a-t diagrams. A freightelevatorF moving upward with a constant velocity of 5 mlspasses a passenger elevator p which is stopped. Three second later, the pa~senger elevator starts upward with an acceleration of 1.25 mi~2. When the passenger elevator has reacheda velocity of 10 mls, it proceedsat constant speed.Draw u-tandy-t curves~d from them dewrminethe time and distance required by the passenger etevator to overtake the freight ~levator.

8 12

VF = 5m/s 8F =0

lJ
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I 01
Vpt ap =1.25 m/s2 t

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a. No. 2.
a)

Question

(a)

Question Marks 10

A block of mass 150 kg lying on an inclined plaIJeof angle 10is pulled up by another block 80kg connectedby a string as shown in figure 2. The coefficient of friction betweenthe inclined pldne and the block is 0.2. Find the accelerationof the 80 kg massand the tension in the string.

~...

1S0kg

L:J

10. Fig.2

--

b)

An elevator of total weight 5000 N starts to move upwards with a constant acceleration and acquires a velocity of 2 mls after traveling a distance of 2 m. Find the tensile force in the cable during the accelerated motion. The above elevator while moving up with a velocity of2 mlsis uniformly decelerated to stop in 2 seconds. Find the p;ressure at the floor of a man weighing 600 N riding in the elevator .

10

3.

a)

A collar of,mass 5 kg can slide along ~ vertical bar as shown. The spring attachedto the collar is in un-deformedstate oflength 20 cm and stiffness 500 N/m. If the collar is suddenly released, find the velocity of the collar ifit moves 15 cm down as shownin figure 3.

10

t-'7.

20 t cm

r 15 cm

k =SOONIm -\~
l

B9F
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a. No.
Marks
b)

Question (a)

Question

A system of weights connected by string and passing over the pulleys A and B are arranged as shown in figure 4. Find the acceleration of each weight. Neglect friction and inertia ofpulleys. Take p = 30 N, Q = 20 N andR = 10 N.

10

Fig.4

4.

a)

A 5 kg particle is acted upon by a force, F = [(4-3 t) i +(2-t~) j + (2+t) k J,N knowing that att = 0

10

## the velocity of the particle is (75 i + 50 j -125 k )cm/s de~ermine : i) ii)

b)

tJle time at which th~ velocity of the particle is parallel to the yz plane. , , the corresponding velocity ()f the particle.

A glass marble weighing 0.2 N falls from a height of 10 m. onto a horizontal floor and rebounds to a height of 8 m. Neglecting air resistance find the impulse and the average force between the marble and the floor, if their time of contact is 1/10th of a second. Calculate the coefficient of I:estitution.

10

## Short Answer type Questions (SAQ's) 5.

.Derive the kinematics acceleration. equation for linear motion with uniform 5 5

6.

A 20 Mg rail wagon moving at 0.5 m/s to the right collides with a 35 Mg wagon at rest. If after the collision the 35 Mg wagon is observed to move to the right at 0.3m/s, determine the coefficient of restitution between wagons. .. Derive the expression for work and energy principl~, ---~Derive an expression for impulse and momentum principle.

7.

5 5

8.

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TMLO54/EE/20060817
Hydraulic Machines

## Time: 180 minutes

Marks:

100

Instructions for the students : 1) All questions are compulsory. 2) "Long Answer type Question (LAQ)" is a supply type question of 20 marks which require typical answer of about 60-80 lines in about 32-40 minutes. 3) "Short ~swertype Question (SAQ)" is a supply type question of 5 marks which require typical ~nswer of about 15-20 lines in about 08-10 minutes. 4) Use of non-programmable type of scientific calculator is allowed. 5) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary. 6) a. No. Assume suitable data ifriecessary.
Question (a)
Question

Marks

## Long Answer type Questions (LAQ's)

I. a)

What is meant by governing of Turbine ? Explain the governing of Reaction turbines. A Kaplan turbine prod~ces25 MW operating under a head of 40 m. The blade tip diameter is 2.5 times the hub diameter and the overall efficiency is 0.9. If the speed and flow ratio are 2.0 and 0.6 respectively, calculate the diameter and the speed of the turbine. How do you classify centrifugal pumps ? A centrifugal pump has an impeller of diameter 325 mm and backward curved blades making an angle of 300 with the direction of rotation. It runs at 1450rpm. The velocity offlow is 1.5 m/s and in constant through the impeller. Estimate the percentage of kinetic energy recovered in the volute casing if the hydraulic efficiency is 0.88. -Explain the working of fluid coupling. A single stage,single cylinder ( 110mm x 125mm) air compressor has 3% clearanceratio. The air is taken inside the compressor at 1 bar 290 K. The delivery pressure is 6.5 bar and the mass of air delivered per minute is 1.75 kg. Ca~culatethe i) ii) iii) iv) VolulPetric efficiency Isothermal efficiency Mechanical efficiency Overall efficiency of the unit when the speedis 1400 rpm and the power input is 5.6 kW.

10 10

b)

2.

a)

5 15

b)

3.

a) b)

5 15

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Q.No.

Question (a)
b)

Question Marks

The venturi-metEir in figure has air flowing through it. The manometer as shown, contains both mercury and water. The cross~sectional area of the upstreamYlocation and at the throat are lm2 and 0.1 m2 respectively. Calculate volume rate of the flow of air if the discharge coefficient is 0.95. ( p for air = 1.1 kg/m3)

15

A"\;:im2.

JAir

0)

T sf cm.
T !

.I 1.sc.m .1

8c.m . 1 Datum
5 15

4.

a) b)

Explain water hammer effect. A 100 m long pipeline of 300 mm in diameter contains two 90 elbowsand two gate valves (wide open).Calculatethe equivalent pipe length and total loss of head when the flow rate is 0.5 m3/s. !~-?!!~~5 ~d~ the pipe has a sharp entry and exit. Short Answer type Questions (SAQ's)

5.

6.
7.

## Explain Meta~entre and Metacentric height.

Differentiate between laminar flow and turbulent flQw. Explain specific energy of a flowing fluid~

5 5 5

8.

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TMLO54/EE/20060817
Hydraulic Machines

## Time: 180 minutes

Marks:

100

Instructions for the students : 1) All questions are compulsory. 2) "Long Answer type Question (LAQ)" is a supply type question of 20 marks which require typical answer of about 60-80 lines in about 32-40 minutes. 3) "Short ~swertype Question (SAQ)" is a supply type question of 5 marks which require typical ~nswer of about 15-20 lines in about 08-10 minutes. 4) Use of non-programmable type of scientific calculator is allowed. 5) Draw neat diagrams wherever necessary. 6) a. No. Assume suitable data ifriecessary.
Question (a)
Question

Marks

## Long Answer type Questions (LAQ's)

I. a)

What is meant by governing of Turbine ? Explain the governing of Reaction turbines. A Kaplan turbine prod~ces25 MW operating under a head of 40 m. The blade tip diameter is 2.5 times the hub diameter and the overall efficiency is 0.9. If the speed and flow ratio are 2.0 and 0.6 respectively, calculate the diameter and the speed of the turbine. How do you classify centrifugal pumps ? A centrifugal pump has an impeller of diameter 325 mm and backward curved blades making an angle of 300 with the direction of rotation. It runs at 1450rpm. The velocity offlow is 1.5 m/s and in constant through the impeller. Estimate the percentage of kinetic energy recovered in the volute casing if the hydraulic efficiency is 0.88. -Explain the working of fluid coupling. A single stage,single cylinder ( 110mm x 125mm) air compressor has 3% clearanceratio. The air is taken inside the compressor at 1 bar 290 K. The delivery pressure is 6.5 bar and the mass of air delivered per minute is 1.75 kg. Ca~culatethe i) ii) iii) iv) VolulPetric efficiency Isothermal efficiency Mechanical efficiency Overall efficiency of the unit when the speedis 1400 rpm and the power input is 5.6 kW.

10 10

b)

2.

a)

5 15

b)

3.

a) b)

5 15

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a. No.

Question (a)

Question Marks 5
15

4.

a) b)

E~plain saybolt Visco~eter. A single stage centrifugal pump was manufactured to work against a manometric head of30 m with an impeller diameter of 300 mm. when the unit was running at 1500rpm, it .produced a head on 25 m. Suggesthow the pump can developthe designed head. Short Answer type Questions (SAQ's)

5. 6. 7.

Write a short note on 'Draft'tube'. Explain with a neat ~ketch the torque convertor. What do you mean by stalling and surging in an axial flow compressor ? Explain '(1/ith a figure Rotary-vaneflowmeter

5 5

5
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