# TIME: TIME is a component to compare the durations of events and the intervals between them, and to quantify the

motions of objects. SPEED: The speed of a body can be defined as the distance covered by it in Unit time. This statement gives birth to three forumlae. DISTANCE: The numerical description of “How far two objects are” is called distance. It may also refer to the length between two points that may be present or may get created.

1)

; Distance is constant%

This also proves SPEED IS PROPORTIONATE WITH

.

If you notice the distance traveled in a unit time with different speed, greater the speed in a time unit; greater will be the distance covered under that time span.

**Example: Mr. X uses his car to go to office which is 50 km from his place.
**

It takes him 1 hour to reach office if he travels at usual speed of { }

Suppose, Mr. X on a particular day managed to reach office in We can say that he drove at a higher speed as the distance was constant, 50 km(home to office).

In this case the speed will be

2)

; Time is constant

Thus, DISTANCE IS PROPORTIONATE TO SPEED.

Example: Time taken in a particular journey can be changed only in two cases. Case-1: Change in speed of object Case-2: Change in distance covered – 3)

; Speed is constant

Thus, DISTANCE IS PROPORTIONATE TO TIME.

UNITS OF MEASUREMENT: TIME can be measured in: Hours Minutes Seconds Some conversions related to TIME are as follows: 1 Hour = 60 Minutes = 60 X (60 Seconds) = 3600 Seconds DISTANCE can be measured in various units. some important are: Miles Kilometers Meters Yards Feet Some conversions related to DISTANCE are as follows: 1 Kilometer = 1000 Meters 1 Kilometer = 0.6214 Miles =1 Mile = 1.609 Kilometer = 8 Kilometer = 5 Miles 1 Yard = 3 feet SPEED IS MEASURED IN TERMS OF DISTANCE COVERED / TIME. SOME IMPORTANT UNITS ARE: Miles/hour Kilometers/hour Meters/second Some conversions related to SPEED are as follows: To convert kilometer per hour to meter per second: To convert meters per second to Kilometer to hour: To convert kilometer per hour to miles per hour: To convert miles per hour to feet per second:

Means,If an object travels D1, D2, D3, …… Dn distances, with speeds S1, S2, S3, …… Sn in T1,T2,T3 …… Tn times respectively, then Average Speed

SOME IMPORTANT FORMULAE – from Test’s point of view

1) If an object travels a distance D1 and D2 at a speed of S1 and S2 Miles per Hour, respectively, in time T1 and T2 then the total time taken ‘T’ is given by:

The total distance covered ‘D’ is given by:

2) If a certain distance D, from point X to point Y is traveled at ‘a’ km/hr and the same distance is covered i.e. from Y to X at ‘b’ km/hr, then the average speed during the whole journey can be calculated as:

Also, if T1 and T2 are the times taken to travel from X to Y and from Y to X respectively, the distance D from X to Y can be calculated as:

3) While a certain distance ‘D’ is covered, if A man changes his speed in the ratio X : Y, then the ratio of time taken becomes Y : X. 4)

If an object travels a distance D from X to Y with Speed ‘a’ in time T1 and travels back from Y to X with speed ‘a’, then the change in time taken to travel the same distance can be calculated as:

of the usual

; for n > m ; for m > n *5) IF two objects, say A and B, start at the same time in opposite directions from two different points (P and Q) and arrive at the opposite points in ‘a’ and ‘b’ hours respectively after having met.

Then the ratio of their speed is:

POSSIBLE CASES

CASE # 1:

When an object is moving and other is stationary.

consider a train and a Milestone pillar.Here train is moving and the pillar is stationary.

Relative speed of train = speed of train

CASE # 2:

When two objects are moving in same direction. Consider two trains standing parallel to each other and start moving in same direction.

**Relative speed of two objects = Difference of their relative speed. CASE # 3:
**

When two objects are moving in opposite direction. Consider two trains standing opposite to each other and starts moving towards each other.

Relative speed of two objects = Sum of their relative speed.

SOME IMPORTANT POINTS

1)

Time taken by a moving object, say A, of ‘x’ meter length in passing a stationary object of negligible length, say a pillar or a man or a milestone, is same as the time taken by A to cover’x’meters with it’s own speed.

Say, Train’s length is 10 meters and speed is 10 meters/minute and it crosses a pillar. In that case it will take 1 minutes to train to pass the pillar completely.

2)

Time taken by a moving object, say A, ‘x’ meters long in passing a stationary object, say B, ‘y’ meters long is same as the time taken by A in covering the distance (x + y) with it’s own speed.

Say, train’s length is 10 metes and speed is 10 meters/minute and it crosses a build, say cleaning room, 10 meters long. In that case it will take 2 minutes to train to pass the pillar completely

3)

If two objects of length ‘x’ and ‘y’ meters move in the opposite directions at ‘a’ and ‘b’ meters/minute speed, then the time taken by these two objects to cover each other completely is:

4)

If two objects of length ‘x’ and ‘y’ meters move in the same direction at ‘a’ and ‘b’ meters/minute speed, then the time taken by these two objects to cover each other completely is:

; if a > b ; if b > a

5)If the speed of a boat in still water is ‘a’ km/hr and the speed of stream is ‘b’ km/hr then: Speed of boat downstream (in same direction/ with stream) =

km/hr. Speed of boat upstream (against direction/ against stream) =

km/hr; if x > y. km/hr; if y > x.

Speed of boat in still water% km/hr (speed of boat with stream + Speed of boat against stream)km/hr Speed of stream/river =* (speed with stream – speed against stream)km/hr

SOME SOLVED EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE # 1: If A goes to market at 12 km per hour but could manage to return only at 6 km/hr. Find A’s average speed. SOLUTION:

**EXAMPLE # 2: Walking at SOLUTION:
**

Suppose usual time is ‘t’ hr and usual speed is ‘x’ km/hr. Then

of the usual speed, Mr. X is 2 hours late. Find his usual travel time.

———————-equation#1 (by usual speed) ———————-equation#2(by new speed)

COMPARING EQUATION 1 AND 2

solving this, we get:

usual travel time = 6 hr.

Example # 3: Mr. X traveled 120 km by vehicle A, 450 km by vehicle B and 60 km by vehicle c. The whole journey took 13 hours and 30 minutes. Speed of vehicle B is 3 times the speed of vehicle C and 1.5 times the speed of vehicle A. Find the speed of vehicle B. SOLUTION:

Suppose speed of vehicle C is x km/hr; then as per question Speed of vehicle B is 3x km/hr and Vehicle A is km/hr hr

Total time taken is 13 hours and 30 minutes =

Total time taken = time taken in traveling by vehicle A + time taken in traveling by vehicle B + time taken in traveling by vehicle C

km/hr

Therefore the speed of Vehicle B is

km/hr.

1.

A person crosses a 600 m long street in 5 minutes. What is his speed in km per hour? A. C. 3.6 8.4 B. D. 7.2 10

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2. An aeroplane covers a certain distance at a speed of 240 kmph in 5 hours. To cover the same distance in 1 A. C. hours, it must travel at a speed of: B. D. 360 kmph 720 kmph

300 kmph 600 kmph

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3. If a person walks at 14 km/hr instead of 10 km/hr, he would have walked 20 km more. The actual distance travelled by him is: A. C. 50 km 70 km B. D. 56 km 80 km

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4. A train can travel 50% faster than a car. Both start from point A at the same time and reach point B 75 kms away from A at the same time. On the way, however, the train lost about 12.5 minutes while stopping at the stations. The speed of the car is: A. C. 100 kmph 120 kmph B. D. 110 kmph 130 kmph

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5. Excluding stoppages, the speed of a bus is 54 kmph and including stoppages, it is 45 kmph. For how many minutes does the bus stop per hour? A. C. 9 12 B. D. 10 20

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B Explanation:

Due to stoppages, it covers 9 km less. 9 54

min View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

Time taken to cover 9 km =

x 60

= 10 min.

6.

In a flight of 600 km, an aircraft was slowed down due to bad weather. Its average speed for the trip was reduced by 200 km/hr and the time of flight increased by 30 minutes. The duration of the flight is: A. C. 1 hour 3 hours B. D. 2 hours 4 hours

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7. A man complete a journey in 10 hours. He travels first half of the journey at the rate of 21 km/hr and second half at the rate of 24 km/hr. Find the total journey in km. A. C. 220 km 230 km B. D. 224 km 234 km

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8. The ratio between the speeds of two trains is 7 : 8. If the second train runs 400 km in 4 hours, then the speed of the first train is: A. C. 70 km/hr 84 km/hr B. D. 75 km/hr 87.5 km/hr

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9. A man on tour travels first 160 km at 64 km/hr and the next 160 km at 80 km/hr. The average speed for the first 320 km of the tour is: A. C. 35.55 km/hr 71.11 km/hr B. D. 36 km/hr 71 km/hr

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10. A car travelling with of the car. A. 17 6 7 km/hr of its actual speed covers 42 km in 1 hr 40 min 48 sec. Find the actual speed

B.

25 km/hr

C.

30 km/hr

D.

35 km/hr

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

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11. In covering a distance of 30 km, Abhay takes 2 hours more than Sameer. If Abhay doubles his speed, then he would take 1 hour less than Sameer. Abhay's speed is: A. C. 5 kmph 6.25 kmph B. D. 6 kmph 7.5 kmph

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. Robert is travelling on his cycle and has calculated to reach point A at 2 P.M. if he travels at 10 kmph, he will reach there at 12 noon if he travels at 15 kmph. At what speed must he travel to reach A at 1 P.M.? A. C. 8 kmph 12 kmph B. D. 11 kmph 14 kmph

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. It takes eight hours for a 600 km journey, if 120 km is done by train and the rest by car. It takes 20 minutes more, if 200 km is done by train and the rest by car. The ratio of the speed of the train to that of the cars is: A. C. 2:3 3:4 B. D. 3:2 4:3

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. A farmer travelled a distance of 61 km in 9 hours. He travelled partly on foot @ 4 km/hr and partly on bicycle @ 9 km/hr. The distance travelled on foot is: A. C. 14 km 16 km B. D. 15 km 17 km

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. A man covered a certain distance at some speed. Had he moved 3 kmph faster, he would have taken 40 minutes less. If he had moved 2 kmph slower, he would have taken 40 minutes more. The distance (in km) is: A. 35 B. 36 2 3

C.

37

1 2

D.

40

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

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