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VE464

ASSURING HIGH PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY FOR VIBROSEIS OPERATIONS

Ahead of the CurveSM

VE464
For decades the VE416, followed by the VE432, have been the most advanced Vibrator Digital Control Systems in the industry; well known for the precision of their generated signals and the diversity of Vibroseis techniques they have managed. The VE464, successor of this tradition of advanced vibrator electronics, benefits from the latest developments in integration, radio transmission and servocontrol. With these major improvements, the VE464 delivers and controls signals with higher accuracy and speed, allowing its users to implement vibroseis seismic easier than ever, aiming for ever increasing productivity and exibility. The VE464 is a powerful Vibrator Digital Control System, using a fully auto-adaptive servomechanism. It enables the use of advanced Vibroseis techniques such as: - pseudo-random sweeps - multiple simultaneous sources in ip-op or slip-modes(1) - coded sweeps - cascaded(2) sweeps The VE464 has reached an even higher level of exibility, offering dedicated sweeps, by programming a different sweep per vibrator in a given eet. One of the major advancement of the VE464 is the use of TDMA Radio (Time Division Multiple Access) instead of the standard VHF transmissions (still an option of the VE464). TDMA Radio, due to its full duplex protocol, increases the capacities of the system allowing: - no interference when using more than 2 eets in navigation mode, - the use of an increased number of eets (32 eets max.) In addition, TDMA Radio has its own integrated GPS system used for both synchronizing the sweeps and tracking the vibrators with differential corrections for guidance options. External satellite DGPS and Glonass receivers can still be used with VE464 for integrated tracking of source positions.

Digital Pilot Generator (DPG)


The DPG is connected to the data acquisition system through an Ethernet link and acts as a master control unit for the VE464 system. The DPG can be: - either fully integrated with the 428XL Sercel acquisition system, - or connected to any other type of acquisition system, using its own graphic user interface. The VE464 DPG is a rackable unit, the same size as an LCI-428, offering 60% less volume compared to the VE432. There is one single electronic board in the DPG which is also used in the DSD.

VE464
Digital Servo Drive (DSD)
Installed in each vibrator, the DSD performs real time control of the vibrator ground force, as well as computes and transmits complete attribute sets for the QC database. The VE464 DSD is a more compact unit than the DSD of the VE432 (35% less volume). It has an improved design made up of only two easy accessible boards requiring less time in maintenance. The DSD benets from new accelerometers equiped with a new bolting plug. The VE464 DSDs can be equipped with an external Tablet PC acting as a QC terminal and a monitor for the GPS guidance option. With its large screen, the Tablet PC provides effortless programming of the DSD and allows efcient comparison of servocontrol parameters from one DSD to an other. Furthermore, the Tablet PC allows Wi-Fi connection between DSDs to make sure they all benet from the same consistent set-up. The VE464 DSD cabling (lift circuit, power supply, vibrator control with accelerometers) is compatible with the VE432 cabling, simplifying the upgrade from one system to the other. A DSD can be used in standalone mode (without DPG) when using a single vibrator, for example in cases of VSP seismic acquisition.

VE464 Main features


Signal generation
With 428XL acquisition system, up to 32 different simultaneous digital pilot signals and 2 analog signals can be generated by the DPG. The 24-bit digital pilots allow for better quality and lower noise signal generation. A pilot or a sweep signal is generated from an operator-dened library of 32 basic signals combined with high-line parameters. Basic signals are dened by their frequency range, frequency vs. time law, sweep length, initial phase value, tapers and amplitude vs. time law, or any custom law. A single DPG can handle a maximum of 32 vibrators whether used independently or in some combination of multiple vibrator eets.

Digital vibrator control


By an automatic identication procedure, the VE464 digital model is adapted to any type of vibrator without the need for manual adjustment. The fully digital auto-adaptive servomechanism performs with optimal control minimizing the phase and distortion while maximizing the fundamental output. The integrated GPS allows a high level of precision in signal synchronization and in particular a T0 accuracy of 10 s. Optimal digital control allows: - fast sweep rate, - combination of sweep segments with no dead time, used in cascaded(2) sweeps or multiple source applications, - pseudo-random sweeps, for environmentally friendly vibration.

Enhanced real-time Quality Control


The DSD integrates a complete set of functions for automatic sensor tests. The check for coherence between measurements contributes to quality assurance, ensuring that the vibrator generates the proper sweep, without any risk of polarity inversion.

A complete QC data base is generated for real-time or post-processing analysis including: - phase - distortion - fundamental ground force In addition, the digital control identies the ground viscosity and stiffness, which regularly provides information on the ground absorption model and can be used to enhance seismic data. Other QC measurements can be sent to the acquisition system in real time or stored on a local hard disk or a USB memory stick for further analysis and treatment requested by some particular acquisition methods (i.e. HFVS(3)). These measurements include: fundamental ground force reference signal mass acceleration baseplate acceleration

Bar-graph QC display
All the QC information is displayed within color bar-graphs with automatic threshold detection. For each vibrator, current values and average values over the last 50 vibrations are shown.

Complete graphic display


In addition to the QC database information, the VE464 has the capability to graphically display the Phase, Distortion and Force results vs. Time or Frequency for each vibrator in real time.

QC Statistics
On request, statistics on the QC database can be generated, for daily or longer time period analysis, to detect any drift in vibrator performance or to be used as a preventive maintenance tool.

GPS Vibrators Guidance


Each vibrator can be guided by its Sercel acquisition systems from one pre-planned VP to the next one by using the GPS guidance option of the VE464.

Time or Frequency curves

Bar Graph QC Display

Specifications
SIGNAL LENGTH
up to 64 s in 1-s steps

FREQUENCY VS. TIME LAW


linear, logarithmic, pseudo-random, user dened

FREQUENCY RANGE
1 to 300 Hz in 1-Hz steps

AMPLITUDE VS TIME LAW


linear interpolation

TAPERS
up to 1/2 signal length, Blackman Law

MAX. NUMBER OF VIBRATORS


32

T0 ACCURACY
10 s (GPS pps)

CLOCK ACCURACY
no drift. GPS accuracy

QC DATA BASE FORMAT


Positioning data QC attributes SPS le APS le

PHYSICAL
Size : W x D x H Weight including mounting parts DPG : 440 x 385 x 88 mm DSD : 168 x 427 x 283 mm DPG : 3.6 kg DSD : 11 kg

TEMPERATURE RANGE
Operating Storage 0C to 45C -40C to 70C

POWER SUPPLY
DPG DSD 110 V or 220 V / 30 W 12 V / 80 W

(1) i.e. : slip-sweep invented by P.D.O. (2) Exxon pattent (3) Mobil pattent

16 rue de Bel-Air B.P. 30439. 44474 CARQUEFOU Cedex Telephone: (33) 2 40 30 11 81 Fax: (33) 2 40 30 19 48 E-mail: sales.nantes@sercel.com S.A. au capital de 2 000 000 Sige Social: 16 rue de Bel-Air 44470 Carquefou 378.040.497 R.C.S. Nantes. Code APE 2651B

Sercel - France

Sercel Inc. - USA

17200 Park Row Houston, Texas 77084 Telephone: (1) 281 492 6688 Fax: (1) 281 579 7505 E-mail: sales.houston@sercel.com www.sercel.com

Printed in France. Sercel 10/08

Ahead of the CurveSM