GLOBAL PETROLEUM SHOW – Calgary 12/14 June 2012

EU – CANADA Business Forum on Energy European Union Perspective on the EU/Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

Maurizio Cellini First Counsellor, EU Delegation to Canada
Calgary, 13 June 2012

EU/CANADA – some basic facts

Canada:
• • • • • 10 Provinces, 3 Territories 2 official languages 33.5 million inhabitants 9.9 million sq. km GDP per capita: 27500 euros

European Union
• • • • • 27 Member states 23 official languages 500 million inhabitants 4.5 million sq km GDP per capita: 23500 euros – Luxembourg: 65000 euros – Germany: 27000 euros – Bulgaria: 8600 euros The EU is a vast, integrated market, with different levels of economic capacities and budgetary conditions.

Canada is a rich but relatively small market, not completely integrated.

EU and CANADA: TRADE IN GOODS - 2010

TOTAL EU TRADE IN GOODS (IMP + EXP) WITH MAIN TRADING PARTNERS - 2010
Total Trade with EXTRA EU 27 1 2 3 US China Russia Switzerland* Norway* Japan* Million Euros 2,850,677 411,596 395,128 244,892 189,559 121,039 108,628 %

• TOTAL CANADA TRADE (IMP+EXP) 2010/11

Total Trade with 100 14.4 13.9 8.6 6.6 4.2 3.8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 US EU 27 China Mexico Japan South Korea Brazil Norway Switzerland Peru India

%

World

100
63 10.5 7.4 3.5 2.9 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5

4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Turkey*
India* South Korea* Brazil* Canada*

103,277
67,946 66,636 63,603 46,642

3.6
2.4 2.3 2.2 1.6

EU/CANADA Trade – The global picture

Trade in goods • EU exports of goods to Canada in 2010: €26.6bn • EU imports of goods from Canada in 2010: €20.1bn

Trade in services • EU exports of services to Canada in 2010: €12.3bn • EU imports of services from Canada in 2010: €9.1bn TOTAL EU/CANADA BILATERAL TRADE: € 67.5bn (more than $90bn)

In addition: Canada is the 4th largest investor in EU (4.3% of the EU’s inward FDI) and the EU is the 2nd largest investor in Canada (26.3% of Canada’s inward FDI).

EU - CANADA TRADE in CRUDE PETROLEUM

CANADA EU CANADA EXPORTS to EXPORTS to EXPORTS to EU CANADA US
HS 2709 HS 2709 HS 2709

2009 2010
2011

< 0.001 <0.001
<0.001

2.74 3.31
2.04

42.45 51.68
68.39

Product: HS 2709: Crude Petroleum Oils and Oils obtained from Bituminous Minerals Values expressed in billions of $ Source: Industry Canada / Trade Data Online

ALBERTA – EU TRADE IN GOODS

ALBERTA EXPORTS to EU 2009 2010 1.11 1.25

ALBERTA IMPORTS from EU 1.81 1.82

ALBERTA % OF CANADIAN EXPORTS to EU 3.7% 3.6%

2011

1.62

2.24

4%

Values expressed in billions of $ Source: Industry Canada – Trade Data Online • Main Alberta export items to EU: Nickel, Wheat, Coal, Canola etc. • Main Alberta imports from EU: Surveying and geophysical instruments, turbines, industrial taps and valves, Tubes and Pipes etc.

CETA Process
• The launch of CETA negotiations took place at the EU/Canada Summit in May 2009 in Prague. • The decision to launch negotiations followed almost two years of study on the costs and benefits of a closer EU/Canada partnership, the so-called “Joint Study” .
• The Joint Study was then followed by the “Scoping Exercise”, which set the objectives of the negotiations.

JOINT STUDY : Potential gains from EUCanada Agreement
Potential gains for Canada
• Annual increase of 0.77% of GDP (or $12 billion) by 2014

Potential gains for the European Union
• Annual increase of 0.08% of GDP (or $17 billion) by 2014

•Canadian exports to the EU to increase by 20.6%
•45.5% gains from the liberalization of services • 33.3% from full tariff elimination • 21.2% from the reduction of non-tariff barriers

•EU exports to Canada to increase by 24.3%
• 50% gains from the liberalization of services • 25% from full tariff elimination • 25% from the reduction of non-tariff barriers

SCOPING EXERCISE

Specific areas of relevance to any future agreement (Joint Report on EU-Canada Scoping Exercise, March 5, 2009)
TRADE IN GOODS SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY ISSUES
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, INCLUDING GIs MOVEMENT OF PERSONS (labor mobility)

TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE
REGULATORY COOPERATION CUSTOM PROCEDURES

TRADE FACILITATION
COMPETITION POLICY AND OTHER RELATED ARES INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS AND DISPUTE SETTLEMENT

GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT INVESTMENT

CROSS-BORDER TRADE IN SERVICES

OTHER AREAS

Modalities for the negotiations
 Reach maximum degree of liberalization of trade in goods and services, far beyond WTO commitments, towards economic integration;


 

Pursue a comprehensive and ambitious agreement: No minimalist deal (all issues on the table);
Conclude negotiations quickly – target is 2012; Because of the wide scope for the negotiations, essential to secure a strong involvement of the Canadian Provinces and Territories in the negotiations (first time for Canada).

CETA Negotiations - state of play (1)

• Nine rounds have taken place and talks continue in the form of focused working sections; • In general, the negotiations have progressed very well so far. Excellent atmosphere and high ambitions remain on both sides; • On trade in goods the current exchange of offers aim at eliminating tariffs on roughly 99% of existing tariff lines in bilateral trade, with a maximum dismantling period of seven years.

CETA Negotiations - state of play (2)

• On public procurement a very ambitious market access offer has been exchanged with significant openings at sub-federal level (Provinces and Municipalities);

• Negotiations are also very well advanced in services while a negotiations on investment protection are less advanced due to the late approval of the mandate by the EU side;

CETA Negotiations - state of play (3)

• The table is almost set for the “end game”.
• However, there still are many complex and sensitive areas of negotiation to resolve, such as: – Improvements on the various offers on goods (agriculture!), public procurement and services, Intellectual Property Right (IPR) protection, investment protection. – Complexity of many technical provisions (e.g. rules of origin)

Perspectives • Satisfaction for the serious and constant implication of the Provinces and Territories in the negotiations. Provinces must remain active and committed. • Political support for an ambitious agreement remains strong on both sides. • Hope to continue fast progress and conclude negotiations by 2012.

FUEL QUALITY DIRECTIVE

• Fuel Quality Directive (FQD): It is an important issue in EU/Canada relations but it is not part of the CETA negotiations. • The EC is preparing an impact assessment of implementing measures; this will take the rest of 2012. There will be a proposal to the Council in 2013. • All studies – including Canadian – show that oil sands have a higher carbon content due to their extraction process; • The intention of the EU legislation is to lower the carbon content of road transport fuel. This is achieved through using sustainable biofuels, (renewable) electricity and lower carbon fossil fuels.

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