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June 2012 Draft Directions

1kANSÞCk1A1ICN 2040
Iune 2012 Draft D|rect|ons



CCN1LN1S

CvL8vlLW ....................................................................................................................... 3
MCvlnC ÞLCÞLL, MCvlnC CCCuS ................................................................................. 4
1A8CL1S ........................................................................................................................... 3
ul8LC1lCnS ..................................................................................................................... 3
WALklnC ...................................................................................................................... 6
C?CLlnC ...................................................................................................................... 13
18AnSl1 ...................................................................................................................... 20
MC1C8 vLPlCLLS ....................................................................................................... 26
CCCuS, SL8vlCLS, LML8CLnC? 8LSÞCnSL, Anu CCMML8ClAL 18AnSl1 .................. 34
LAnu uSL ................................................................................................................... 40
SÞLClAL Þ8C!LC1 & S1uu? A8LAS .............................................................................. 43


TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - D7EF7ÌEW - 2012·06·01 - Page J of 44
CVLkVILW

1he ClLy of vancouver ls currenLly developlng 1ransportat|on 2040, a 30 year LransporLaLlon vlslon for Lhe clLy LhaL wlll help
gulde declslons and LransporLaLlon lnvesLmenLs for Lhe nexL 13 years. 1he plan wlll provlde a blueprlnL for us Lo move
forward and meeL Lhe challenges of Lhe fuLure.
SLaff are currenLly seeklng feedback on Lhe drafL dlrecLlons conLalned here. 1hey are based upon besL pracLlces from
around Lhe world as well as local experLlse and publlc lnpuL. key lnpuLs lnclude:

• broad pub||c consu|tat|on ln 2011, wlLh over 8000 people parLlclpaLlng aL evenLs lncludlng Lown hall meeLlngs,
arLlsL-faclllLaLed co-deslgn workshops, surveys, and onllne dlscusslon boards,
• ongo|ng engagement wlLh over 30 sLakeholders, lncludlng represenLaLlves from oLher governmenL agencles,
emergency servlces, healLhcare and soclal servlce provlders, lndusLry leaders, non-proflL organlzaLlons, and local
buslness groups.
• approved hlgh-level dlrecLlon and deLalled ldeas generaLed Lhrough Lhe Greenest C|ty plannlng process, whlch
were Lhe resulL of exLenslve publlc engagemenL ln 2010.

Cnce flnallzed, Lhe dlrecLlons wlll form a subsLanLlal parL of a more deLalled plan LhaL wlll be presenLed Lo Councll for
approval Lhls lall.
vlslL ta|kvancouver.com]transportat|on Lo learn more and have your say.




TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - D7EF7ÌEW - 2012·06·01 - Page 4 of 44
MCVING ÞLCÞLL, MCVING GCCDS

Mov|ng Þeop|e
1be clty´s ttoospottotloo Jeclsloos wlll qeoetolly teflect o ´bletotcby of moJes´ fot movloq people, os ptlotltlzeJ below.

1. Wa|k|ng
2. Cyc||ng
3. 1rans|t
4. 1ax| ] Commerc|a| 1ransport ] Shared Veh|c|es
S. Þr|vate Automob||es

1he hlerarchy ls lnLended Lo help ensure LhaL Lhe needs and safeLy of each group of road users are sequenLlally consldered
when declslons are made, LhaL each group ls glven proper conslderaLlon, and LhaL Lhe measures wlll noL make exlsLlng
condlLlons worse for more vulnerable road users. Lach and every Llme a new roadway ls deslgned or an exlsLlng one
lmproved, opporLunlLles for lmprovlng walklng and cycllng wlll be revlewed.
1hls approach does noL mean LhaL users aL Lhe Lop of Lhe llsL wlll always recelve Lhe mosL beneflclal LreaLmenL on every
sLreeL. ln consLralned urban envlronmenLs, lL ls noL always posslble Lo provlde for all users' demands, and compromlses
someLlmes have Lo be made, lncludlng accommodaLlng users on parallel sLreeLs.
Moreover, dlfferenL sLreeLs may have dlfferenL funcLlons, and play a speclal role for a parLlcular mode or use (e.g. for LranslL
or goods movemenL). ln Lhese cases, general hlerarchy may noL always apply, especlally ln very consLralned rlghLs-of-way.

Mov|ng Goods
1be movemeot of qooJs ls o ctltlcol fooctloo of tbe ttoospottotloo system to soppott o tbtlvloq ecooomy. 1bls ploo
tecoqolzes tbot tbete ote Jlffeteot scoles of qooJs movemeot wltb Jlffetloq oeeJs.

Þort-ke|ated Goods
1he ClLy's preference ls Lo have as much large-scale, long-dlsLance goods movemenL happen by rall as ls feaslble. 1hls wlll
apply prlmarlly Lo goods movlng Lo, from and Lhrough ÞorL and lnLermodal rall faclllLles.
ConLalners movemenL for Lhe local markeL wlll llkely occur by Lruck.

Loca| Goods
1he movemenL of goods and servlces ln Lhe local markeL should be scaled approprlaLely Lo mlnlmlze lmpacLs on
nelghbourhoods and Lhe envlronmenL. 1he ClLy wlll prlorlLlze lnlLlaLlves LhaL supporL low-lmpacL goods movemenL,
lncludlng:
• AcLlve LransporLaLlon, such as cargo Lrlcycles, for shorLer-dlsLance dellverles
• LlecLrlc or low-emlsslon Lrucks
• Smaller vehlcles for pedesLrlan envlronmenLs
1he ClLy recognlzes LhaL larger Lrucks wlll remaln necessary for local goods movemenL ln many cases for efflclency.

Smart Investments
1be ploo soppotts flscol tespooslblllty, ptlotltlzloq lovestmeots wbete tbe qteotest beoeflts coo be ocbleveJ, potsoloq
fooJloq pottoetsblps wbetevet posslble, ooJ explotloq oew lJeos tbtooqb low-cost pllots.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - D7EF7ÌEW - 2012·06·01 - Page 5 of 44
1AkGL1S
1be Jtoft Jltectloos soppott Cteeoest clty ttoospottotloo totqets, ooJ set oew totqets fot 2040.

DIkLC1ICNS
1be Jtoft Jltectloos locloJe looq-tetm pollcles ooJ speclflc octloos ottooqeJ loto o oombet of toplcs, sommotlzeJ below.

• Wa|k|ng - Make walklng safe, convenlenL, and dellghLful. Lnsure sLreeLs, sldewalks, and laneways supporL a
vlbranL publlc llfe LhaL encourages a walklng culLure, healLhy llfesLyles, and soclal connecLedness.
• Cyc||ng - Make cycllng feel safe, convenlenL, comforLable, and fun for people of all ages and ablllLles.
• 1rans|t - SupporL LranslL lmprovemenLs Lo lncrease capaclLy and ensure servlce LhaL ls fasL, frequenL, rellable,
fully accesslble, and comforLable.
• Motor Veh|c|es - Manage Lhe road neLwork efflclenLly Lo lmprove safeLy and supporL a gradual reducLlon ln car
dependence. Make lL easler Lo drlve less. AcceleraLe Lhe shlfL Lo low carbon vehlcles.
• Goods, Serv|ces, Lmergency kesponse, and Commerc|a| 1rans|t - SupporL a Lhrlvlng economy and vancouver's
role as a ma[or porL whlle reduclng envlronmenLal and nelghbourhood lmpacLs relaLed Lo goods and servlces
movemenL. MalnLaln effecLlve emergency response Llmes for pollce, flre, and ambulance.
• Land Use - SupporL shorLer Lrlps and susLalnable LransporLaLlon cholces Lhrough mlxed land use, pedesLrlan-
orlenLed deslgn, denslLles LhaL supporL walklng, cycllng, and LranslL, and new houslng cholces LhaL puL resldenLs
close Lo [obs, schools, recreaLlon, and LranslL.
• Spec|a| Þro[ect Areas - 1hls secLlon ldenLlfles speclflc areas wlLh unlque opporLunlLles, complex challenges,
and/or poLenLlally slgnlflcanL changes Lo supporL hlgher level ob[ecLlves of Lhe plan.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 6 of 44
WALkING

Moke wolkloq sofe, cooveoleot, comfottoble ooJ Jellqbtfol. íosote stteets ooJ slJewolks
soppott o vlbtoot pobllc llfe tbot eocootoqes o wolkloq coltote, beoltby llfestyles, ooJ
soclol coooecteJoess.

ÞCLICILS A1 A GLANCL

1. Þedestr|an Network
1.1. Make sLreeLs safer for pedesLrlans
1.2. Þrovlde generous, unobsLrucLed sldewalks on all sLreeLs
1.3. Make sLreeLs accesslble for all people
1.4. Make sLreeLs and publlc spaces raln-frlendly
1.3. Address gaps ln Lhe pedesLrlan neLwork
1.6. Þrovlde a blueprlnL for greaL pedesLrlan realm deslgn
1.7. Make Lhe clLy easy Lo navlgaLe on fooL
2. Þub||c Spaces
2.1. Lnable and encourage creaLlve uses of Lhe sLreeL
2.2. CreaLe publlc plazas and gaLherlng spaces LhroughouL Lhe clLy
3. Þromot|on & Lncouragement
3.1. ÞromoLe walklng as a fun, pracLlcal, and healLhy LransporLaLlon cholce
4. Leg|s|at|on & Lnforcement
4.1. SupporL laws and enforcemenL pracLlces LhaL proLecL vulnerable road users

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 7 of 44
ÞCLICILS AND AC1ICNS IN DL1AIL
1. líuí51klAN Ní1wOkk
1he pedesLrlan neLwork refers Lo Lhe clLy's sLreeLs, sldewalks, and paLhs LhaL are lnLended for walklng, whlch lncludes
movemenL wlLh wheelchalrs and oLher moblllLy alds. Much of Lhe clLy's flne-gralned sLreeL neLwork was lald ouL over a
cenLury ago, formlng Lhe bones of a clLy LhaL ls relaLlvely easy Lo walk ln. Whlle vancouver's pedesLrlan neLwork ls falrly
compleLe, gaps and barrlers do exlsL, and opporLunlLles exlsL Lo lmprove safeLy, comforL, and accesslblllLy. AddlLlonally, as
new sLreeLs are bullL and exlsLlng ones rebullL, opporLunlLles abound Lo creaLe a beLLer pedesLrlan realm LhaL fosLers
feellngs of safeLy, comforL, and dellghL.
1.1. Make streets safer for pedestr|ans
ÞedesLrlans are Lhe mosL vulnerable road users. When colllslons occur, Lhey are more llkely Lo be ln[ured or kllled,
parLlcularly lf Lhe colllslon lnvolves hlgh speeds. ÞedesLrlans are lnvolved ln less Lhan 2° of colllslons, buL accounL for
abouL 43° of faLallLles. AlLhough colllslons lnvolvlng pedesLrlans have been decllnlng over Lhe pasL 13 years, Lhe ClLy
wlll address safeLy ºhoLspoLs", prlorlLlzlng lmprovemenLs Lo hlgh-crash locaLlons and areas wlLh hlgh walklng
poLenLlal. lL wlll also conLlnue Lo lmplemenL pedesLrlan-orlenLed deslgns as sLreeLs are rebullL, lmprovlng safeLy for
all modes of Lravel.
lnLersecLlons are parLlcularly lmporLanL, slnce Lhls ls where abouL 73° of colllslons lnvolvlng pedesLrlans occur.
Measures Lo lmprove lnLersecLlon safeLy can lnclude: mlnlmlzlng crosslng dlsLances, lnsLalllng counLdown Llmers and
revlewlng slgnal Llmes Lo ensure adequaLe Llme Lo cross, maxlmlzlng vlslblllLy aL crosswalks Lhrough pedesLrlan
llghLlng, hlgh-vlslblllLy pavemenL marklngs, and clear slghL llnes, and reduclng vehlcle speeds Lhrough Lrafflc calmlng
measures.
Act|ons
1.1.1. Address pedesLrlan safeLy "hoL spoLs" by lmplemenLlng recommendaLlons from Lhe 2012 ÞedesLrlan SafeLy
SLudy, and Lhrough fuLure safeLy assessmenLs as needed.
1.1.2. lnsLall pedesLrlan counLdown Llmers aL new lnLersecLlons and clLywlde Lhrough ongolng replacemenL
programs. MonlLor safeLy lmpacLs and conslder a more rapld replacemenL sLraLegy lf beneflLs are slgnlflcanL.
1.1.3. lmplemenL sldewalk LreaLmenLs Lo prlorlLlze pedesLrlan movemenL across lanes, drlveways, and some local
sLreeLs as opporLunlLles arlse.
1.1.4. ÞlloL a pedesLrlan scramble on 8obson SLreeL ln consulLaLlon wlLh Lhe local communlLy, aL a locaLlon wlLh hlgh
volumes of pedesLrlans, sLrong demand for dlagonal crosslngs, and many confllcLs wlLh Lurnlng vehlcles.
Conslder wlder appllcaLlon lf successful.
1.1.3. lmplemenL an ongolng pedesLrlan spoL lmprovemenL program Lo address emerglng pedesLrlan safeLy and
capaclLy lssues.
1.1.6. lnsLall pedesLrlan-scale llghLlng along prlorlLy walklng sLreeLs and aL locaLlons wlLh hlgher pedesLrlan
colllslons.
1.1.7. Conslder ways Lo lmprove lane envlronmenLs for pedesLrlans whlle malnLalnlng essenLlal funcLlons such as
loadlng, parklng, flre access, and servlces, parLlcularly ln locaLlons where:
a. Lhe lane ls Lhe shorLesL paLh beLween hlgh pedesLrlan generaLors, and
b. Lhe lane serves as a prlmary resldenLlal and/or buslness access polnL.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 8 of 44
1.2. Þrov|de generous, unobstructed s|dewa|ks on a|| streets
Sldewalks can geL very crowded ln busy commerclal areas, near LranslL sLaLlons, or oLher ma[or desLlnaLlons. As
pedesLrlan volumes and sLreeL acLlvlLy lncrease, lL wlll be even more lmporLanL Lo ensure Lhere ls adequaLe sldewalk
space LhaL ls free from obsLrucLlons.
Act|ons
1.2.1. uevelop mlnlmum and deslred pedesLrlan space guldellnes for dlfferenL Lypes of sLreeLs, ouLllnlng sldewalk
clear zone wldLhs, accesslblllLy feaLures, surface LreaLmenLs, and furnlLure placemenL.
1.2.2. 8evlew and enforce bylaws Lo ensure sldewalk clear zones remaln free of obsLrucLlons, and remove barrlers
where feaslble.
1.2.3. 8emove peak-perlod parklng bans where posslble Lo enable more flexlble use of Lhe curb lane, lncludlng
wldenlng sldewalks aL plnch polnLs.
1.2.4. ConLlnue Lo secure approprlaLe sldewalk wldLhs around new developmenL Lhrough seLback requlremenLs.
1.3. Make streets access|b|e for a|| peop|e
1he clLy's sLreeLs and publlc spaces should be usable by all people-lncludlng senlors, famllles wlLh young chlldren,
and people wlLh moblllLy, vlslon, and cognlLlve lmpalrmenLs-Lo Lhe greaLesL exLenL posslble, wlLhouL Lhe need for
speclallzed deslgn. An accesslble publlc realm promoLes equlLy by allowlng all people Lo meeL Lhelr dally needs and
parLlclpaLe ln publlc llfe. lL wlll become even more lmporLanL ln Lhe fuLure-Lhe number of people aged 60 or older ls
expecLed Lo more Lhan double by 2040.
AccesslblllLy lmprovemenLs -such as clear, unobsLrucLed paLhways, smooLh rolllng surfaces, curb ramps, accesslble
pedesLrlan slgnals, and comforLable places Lo resL-wlll be consldered as parL of all sLreeL caplLal pro[ecLs.
Act|ons
1.3.1. ConLlnue Lo lnsLall or replace mlsslng or deflclenL curb ramps. 8evlew and lmplemenL prlorlLlzaLlon crlLerla ln
consulLaLlon wlLh lnLeresLed communlLy groups.
1.3.2. ConLlnue Lo lnsLall accesslble pedesLrlan slgnals clLywlde Lhrough ongolng replacemenL programs, aL locaLlons
prlorlLlzed ln consulLaLlon wlLh represenLaLlves of Lhe vlsually-lmpalred communlLy.
1.3.3. ConLlnue Lo malnLaln and rehablllLaLe sldewalks and paLhways so Lhey are free of Lrlp hazards and debrls. use
smooLh maLerlals and deslgns LhaL are comforLable for users of sLrollers, wheelchalrs, or oLher moblllLy alds.
1.3.4. lmplemenL sLraLegles Lo malnLaln accesslblllLy around consLrucLlon zones and speclal evenLs, for example by
lmplemenLlng an escalaLlng flne sLrucLure for conLracLors who repeaLedly break relaLed clLy bylaws.
1.3.3. Þrovlde accesslble publlc resLrooms ln hlgh-demand locaLlons wherever posslble, Lhrough measures lncludlng:
a. encouraglng 1ransLlnk Lo provlde publlc resLrooms aL all LranslL sLaLlons,
b. monlLorlng Lhe performance of exlsLlng auLomaLed publlc LolleLs (AÞ1s), and lnsLalllng and malnLalnlng
addlLlonal AÞ1s lf successful,
c. malnLalnlng or exLendlng hours for ClLy-owned faclllLles aL parks, llbrarles, communlLy cenLres, and oLher
locaLlons,
d. worklng wlLh prlvaLe parLners Lo make Lhelr resLrooms avallable for publlc use, and
e. ldenLlfylng resLroom locaLlons Lhrough wayflndlng maps and onllne Lools.
1.3.6. MalnLaln and updaLe unlversal accesslblllLy guldellnes Lo help gulde urban deslgn and sLreeL reconsLrucLlon.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 9 of 44
1.4. Make streets and pub||c spaces ra|n-fr|end|y
vancouver ls ralny for much of Lhe year. urlzzly days dlscourage many people from walklng, and puddles can creaLe
lnsLanL obsLacles and ºsplash zones". Awnlngs are helpful, buL poorly-deslgned ones ofLen cover only sandwlch
boards or drlp waLer onLo people passlng below. 1he ClLy has lmplemenLed weaLher proLecLlon guldellnes, buL
Lhese only apply Lo cerLaln bulldlng Lypes ln parLs of Lhe clLy.
Þubllc realm deslgn and malnLenance approaches can mlnlmlze Lhe annoyances of a ralny day and even celebraLe
raln, helplng vancouverlLes embrace our weL cllmaLe.
Act|ons
1.4.1. 8evlew and expand weaLher proLecLlon guldellnes Lo encourage wlde, conLlnuous, well-deslgned awnlngs or
canoples for all developmenL ln commerclal areas LhroughouL Lhe clLy.
1.4.2. lnclude sLraLegles Lo reduce pondlng ln sLreeL malnLenance guldellnes. ÞrlorlLlze locaLlons wlLh hlgh volumes
of pedesLrlans.
1.4.3. lncorporaLe raln-frlendly deslgn feaLures lnLo publlc spaces.
1.S. Address gaps |n the pedestr|an network
vancouver ls forLunaLe Lo have a flne-gralned road neLwork Lhrough mosL of Lhe clLy. ShorL blocks wlLh frequenL
lnLersecLlons make for dlrecL walklng paLhs wlLh mulLlple opLlons Lo mosL desLlnaLlons. Caps or barrlers ln Lhe
neLwork do exlsL however, parLlcularly across lalse Creek, around rall yards, and ln locaLlons where Lhe regular
sLreeL neLwork breaks down. ÞedesLrlans currenLly do noL have access on Lhe easL slde of Lhe 8urrard 8rldge, for
example, and Lhe Cranvllle 8rldge pedesLrlan paLhs are narrow, uncomforLable, and lnaccesslble for many people
due Lo sLeps aL pedesLrlan crosslngs. 1he rall lnfrasLrucLure ln lalse Creek llaLs, whlle provldlng crlLlcal
LransporLaLlon funcLlon, ls a slgnlflcanL norLh-souLh barrler. Some arLerlals, such as porLlons of Cak SLreeL and
Marlne urlve, have longer blocks wlLh greaLer dlsLances beLween slgnallzed crosslngs so crosslng Lhem on fooL ls
challenglng.
1he ClLy wlll address slgnlflcanL gaps ln Lhe neLwork. ln oLher areas wlLh poor pedesLrlan connecLlvlLy, new or
lmproved paLhways and slgnallzed crosslngs wlll be creaLed where feaslble. ÞrlorlLy wlll be glven Lo locaLlons LhaL
lncrease access Lo LranslL or oLher ma[or pedesLrlan generaLors.
Act|ons
1.3.1. lmprove pedesLrlan connecLlvlLy and accesslblllLy by addresslng gaps and deflclencles ln Lhe neLwork. Plgh
prlorlLy locaLlons lnclude:
a. lalse Creek 8rldges,
b. lalse Creek llaLs / norLheasL lalse Creek,
c. LranslL sLaLlons wlLh poor connecLlvlLy, and
d. ma[or sLreeLs wlLh long blocks and/or llmlLed crosslng opporLunlLles
1.3.2. 8evlew crosswalks LhaL are currenLly closed for pedesLrlans, and conslder openlng Lhem wherever feaslble
and safe.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 10 of 44
1.6. Þrov|de a b|uepr|nt for great pedestr|an rea|m des|gn
1he quallLy of Lhe pedesLrlan realm has a slgnlflcanL lmpacL noL [usL on wheLher people walk, buL on clvlc llfe as a
whole. CreaL sLreeLs lmprove safeLy for all modes of Lravel, and are deslgned Lo be accesslble Lo everyone. 1hey are
comforLable, allowlng for movemenL whlle supporLlng publlc llfe and local commerce. When deslgned as a green
neLwork, Lhey also conLrlbuLe Lo Lhe naLural envlronmenL and supporL local ecosysLems.
ClLy sLreeL deslgn guldellnes wlll supporL hlgh-quallLy, pedesLrlan-frlendly sLreeLs LhaL feel safe, lnLeresLlng, and
comforLable. AL Lhe same Llme, Lhey wlll recognlze LhaL sLreeLs aren'L all Lhe same-some are parL of Lhe LranslL or
Lruck neLwork, for example, whlle oLhers mlghL be gaLherlng spaces. Some sLreeLs may funcLlon ln dlfferenL ways
dependlng on Lhe Llme of day, week, or season. Commerclal sLreeLs should be llvely spaces LhaL aLLracL people and
supporL local buslnesses.
Act|on
1.6.1. Advance sLreeL Lypes and guldellnes for Lhe pedesLrlan realm Lo gulde new developmenLs, sLreeL and
sldewalk resLoraLlon, and oLher lmprovemenLs. SLreeL Lypes wlll reflecL LransporLaLlon funcLlon and land use
conLexL, as well as oLher local feaLures or speclal aLLrlbuLes.
1.7. Make the c|ty easy to nav|gate on foot
Maps and oLher wayflndlng measures are essenLlal Lo helplng people navlgaLe Lhe clLy and flnd Lhelr way around.
1he ClLy has made greaL sLrldes ln recenL years, and wlll conLlnue Lo reflne and lmprove wayflndlng measures, for
example by worklng wlLh local buslnesses, and by ensurlng Lhe sysLem ls easlly undersLandable Lo locals and
newcomers allke, lncludlng Lhose wlLh llmlLed cognlLlve ablllLy.
Act|on
1.7.1. ldenLlfy opporLunlLles and lmplemenL measures Lo make Lhe pedesLrlan wayflndlng sysLem more conslsLenL,
leglble, and user-frlendly. Þrovlde daLa ln an open formaL Lo supporL Lhlrd-parLy moblle appllcaLlon
developmenL.
2. lu8llc 5lAcí5
SLreeLs and sldewalks are a slgnlflcanL parL of Lhe publlc realm. 1hey are noL [usL spaces Lo move Lhrough, buL places Lo be.
8ecenLly, Lhe 2010 WlnLer Clymplc Cames and vlvA vancouver pedesLrlan and publlc space lnlLlaLlves have demonsLraLed
LhaL sLreeLs can serve mulLlple funcLlons, fulfllllng LransporLaLlon needs whlle supporLlng a vlbranL publlc llfe LhaL beneflLs
boLh commerce and communlLy.
2.1. Lnab|e and encourage creat|ve uses of the street
Cn many sLreeLs, opporLunlLles exlsL Lo use space dlfferenLly Lo supporL a vlbranL clLy and economy whlle sLlll
meeLlng Lhe LransporLaLlon needs of Lhe clLy. 1he ClLy wlll conLlnue Lo enable and encourage creaLlve uses of sLreeLs
and publlc rlghLs-of-way Lhrough plloLs, compeLlLlons, and fundlng parLnershlps.
Act|ons
2.1.1. Lxpand exlsLlng speclal evenL and vlvA vancouver programs Lo enable and encourage creaLlve uses of Lhe
sLreeL Lhrough plloLs, compeLlLlons, and fundlng parLnershlps.
2.1.2. SLreamllne processes Lo make lL easler Lo hold Lemporary and recurrlng evenLs ln publlc rlghLs-of-way.
2.2. Create pub||c p|azas and gather|ng spaces throughout the c|ty
Þubllc plazas and gaLherlng spaces play a vlLal role ln publlc llfe. 1hey enable celebraLlons and proLesLs, communlLy
evenLs and nelghbourly lnLeracLlon. When deslgned, locaLed, and programmed approprlaLely, Lhey are vlbranL
spaces LhaL supporL local buslnesses whlle encouraglng walklng, cycllng, and LranslL use.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 11 of 44
1here are many dlfferenL approaches Lo pedesLrlan prlorlLy sLreeLs and spaces, lncludlng car-free approaches LhaL
resLrlcL general auLomoblle Lrafflc Lhrough parLs or all of Lhe day, and shared space approaches LhaL mlx pedesLrlans
wlLh oLher forms of Lrafflc on a slngle shared surface, wlLh prlorlLy glven Lo pedesLrlans and deslgn deLalls LhaL lnvlLe
pedesLrlans Lo use Lhe enLlre sLreeL. SLreeLs can change funcLlon and operaLlons dependlng on Lhe Llme of day,
week, or season. ln all cases, Lhe needs of cycllsLs, LranslL, servlces, and dellverles requlre careful conslderaLlon.
Act|ons
2.2.1. CreaLe pedesLrlan-prlorlLy sLreeLs and spaces ln Lhe downLown, conslderlng needs for LranslL, servlces, and
dellverles Lo deLermlne approprlaLe deslgn LreaLmenLs. ÞoLenLlal locaLlons (sub[ecL Lo addlLlonal consulLaLlon
wlLh nearby resldenLs and buslnesses) could lnclude 8obson Square and porLlons of 8obson, Cranvllle,
PamllLon, and/or Malnland sLreeLs.
2.2.2. lmplemenL a permlL-based 'pavemenL Lo plazas' program Lo Lransform on-sLreeL parklng spaces or excess
road space or rlghLs-of-way lnLo mlnl-plazas or sldewalk exLenslons. Conslder maklng successful locaLlons
permanenL.
2.2.3. Lxplore opporLunlLles Lo Lransform excess porLlons of rlghLs-of-way-such as overly wlde lanes or spaces
creaLed by sLreeLs comlng LogeLher aL odd angles-lnLo more pedesLrlan-frlendly spaces.
2.2.4. use sLreeL-end closures and oLher Lrafflc calmlng measures as opporLunlLles Lo creaLe mlnl-plazas or parks.
J. lkOMO1lON & íNcOukACíMíN1
vancouver ls already a hlghly walkable clLy. Powever, promoLlonal programs are useful Lo lnform people of Lhe
convenlence, healLh beneflLs and cosL-effecLlveness of walklng for dally needs. 1hese programs wlll help Lo furLher bulld a
culLure of walklng ln vancouver.
3.1. Þromote wa|k|ng as a fun, pract|ca|, and hea|thy transportat|on cho|ce
LffecLlve markeLlng programs can lnfluence behavlour and change aLLlLudes by sLraLeglcally promoLlng dlfferenL
messages LhaL resonaLe wlLh varlous markeL segmenLs. lor example, messages abouL Lhe convenlence and
pracLlcallLy of walklng may connecL wlLh cerLaln groups, whereas messages abouL Lhe low cosL and healLh beneflLs of
walklng may resonaLe wlLh oLhers.
Act|ons
3.1.1. uevelop a program Lo promoLe walklng as a fun, pracLlcal, and healLhy LransporLaLlon cholce, and a normal
parL of everyday llfe, ldenLlfylng markeL research needs, parLners, and resource allocaLlon.
3.1.2. ConLlnue a safe rouLes Lo school program LhaL provldes (a) hlgher sLandard walklng and cycllng faclllLles
wlLhln aL leasL one block of schools and (b) promoLlonal sLraLegles LhaL encourage sLudenLs Lo use acLlve
Lravel modes.
4. íNlOkcíMíN1 & líCl5lA1lON
LeglslaLlon and enforcemenL should proLecL vulnerable road users who are mosL llkely Lo be ln[ured or kllled ln a colllslon.
4.1. Support |aws and enforcement pract|ces that protect vu|nerab|e road users
ÞedesLrlans are parLlcularly vulnerable Lo ln[ury and deaLh by colllslon and should Lherefore be glven speclal
aLLenLlon ln road safeLy pollcy. Chlldren, senlors, and people wlLh dlsablllLles are especlally vulnerable when
Lravellng on fooL or wlLh Lhe asslsLance of a moblllLy ald.
ln many Luropean counLrles and some u.S. sLaLes, pedesLrlans and people Lravellng by blke, skaLeboard, and
moLorcycle have been caLegorlzed as ºvulnerable road users" and Lrafflc laws and enforcemenL pracLlces have been
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - WALKÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 12 of 44
modlfled Lo provlde Lhem wlLh enhanced proLecLlon.
Act|ons
4.1.1. Work wlLh parLners such as 1ransLlnk, Lhe vÞu, and lC8C Lo develop and lmplemenL educaLlon and awareness
campalgns Lo promoLe pedesLrlan and cycllsL safeLy.
4.1.2. Work wlLh Lhe vÞu Lo lmplemenL enforcemenL, educaLlon and awareness approaches LhaL LargeL behavlour
endangerlng vulnerable road users.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 1J of 44
C¥CLING

Moke cyclloq feel sofe, cooveoleot, comfottoble, ooJ foo fot people of oll oqes ooJ
obllltles.

ÞCLICILS A1 A GLANCL

1. Cyc||ng Network
1.1. 8ulld cycllng rouLes LhaL feel comforLable for people of all ages and ablllLles
1.2. Lxpand Lhe cycllng neLwork Lo efflclenLly connecL people Lo desLlnaLlons
1.3. MalnLaln blkeways ln a sLaLe of good repalr
1.4. Make Lhe cycllng neLwork easy Lo navlgaLe
2. Þark|ng and Lnd-of-1r|p Iac|||t|es
2.1. Þrovlde abundanL and convenlenL blcycle parklng and end of Lrlp faclllLles
3. Mu|t|-Moda| Integrat|on
3.1. Make lL easy Lo comblne cycllng wlLh oLher forms of LransporLaLlon
3.2. Þrovlde a publlc blcycle sysLem
4. Lducat|on, Þromot|on, and Lncouragement
4.1. SupporL cycllng skllls Lralnlng Lo lmprove cycllsL safeLy and confldence
4.2. SupporL moLorlsL Lralnlng Lo lmprove cycllng safeLy
4.3. ÞromoLe cycllng as a fun, pracLlcal, and healLhy LransporLaLlon cholce
S. Lnforcement and Leg|s|at|on
3.1. SupporL laws LhaL proLecL vulnerable road users
3.2. Work Lo reduce blcycle LhefL


TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 14 of 44
ÞCLICILS AND AC1ICNS IN DL1AIL
1. c¥cllNC Ní1wOkk
1he avallablllLy of comforLable, well-connecLed rouLes for cycllng ls essenLlal Lo lncrease cycllng and lmprove cycllsL safeLy.
Whlle Lhls secLlon focuses on deslgnaLed cycllng rouLes, mosL cycllng Lrlps requlre Lravelllng on oLher sLreeLs Lo reach
desLlnaLlons. Accordlngly, all publlc sLreeLs should be deslgned wlLh Lhe safeLy of cycllsLs and oLher vulnerable road users ln
mlnd.
1.1. 8u||d cyc||ng routes that fee| comfortab|e for peop|e of a|| ages and ab|||t|es
Many people are lnLeresLed ln cycllng buL afrald of moLor vehlcle Lrafflc. lor cycllng Lo be a vlable and malnsLream
LransporLaLlon cholce, rouLes should feel comforLable and low sLress for people of all ages and ablllLles (AAA),
lncludlng chlldren, Lhe elderly, and novlce cycllsLs.
ApproprlaLe deslgns depend mosLly upon moLor vehlcle speeds and volumes. 8ouLes on arLerlals and oLher busy
sLreeLs should be physlcally separaLed wherever posslble. 8ouLes on nelghbourhood sLreeLs may requlre Lrafflc
resLrlcLlons, speed managemenL and/or parklng resLrlcLlons Lo ensure comforL for people of all ages and ablllLles.
ueslgns should maxlmlze cycllsL vlslblllLy aL lnLersecLlons and drlveways, and mlnlmlze Lhe poLenLlal for confllcLs wlLh
car doors, pedesLrlans, and oLher cycllsLs. ÞoLenLlal lmpacLs Lo ad[acenL resldenLs and buslnesses-lncludlng access
for cusLomers and dellverles, and on-sLreeL parklng-musL also be carefully consldered.
Act|ons
1.1.1. uevelop a cycllng comforL lndex Lo help ldenLlfy gaps and deflclencles ln Lhe cycllng neLwork, and Lo lnform
deslgn approaches for new rouLes and rouLe upgrades.
1.1.2. AdopL and lmplemenL rouLe deslgn guldellnes Lo supporL a neLwork of rouLes LhaL feel comforLable for people
of all ages and ablllLles (Class AAA), lncludlng deslgn LreaLmenLs and lnLervenLlons for:
a. physlcally separaLlng cycllsLs on busy sLreeLs where moLor vehlcle volumes or speeds wlll remaln hlgh,
b. managlng Lrafflc volumes and speeds on nelghbourhood rouLes Lhrough Lrafflc dlverslon and oLher
calmlng measures,
c. provldlng sufflclenL operaLlng space for cycllsLs Lhrough parklng managemenL and oLher measures,
d. deslgnlng safe lnLersecLlons and crosslngs wlLh lmproved vlslblllLy,
e. hlghllghLlng poLenLlal confllcL zones wlLh pavemenL marklngs, and
f. prlorlLlzlng cycllsL movemenLs on key rouLes by synchronlzlng Lrafflc slgnals aL Lhe prevalllng speed of
cycllsLs.
1.1.3. Lxpand Lhe neLwork of Class AAA rouLes LhaL feel comforLable for all ages and ablllLles by upgradlng selecLed
exlsLlng rouLes and fllllng ln crlLlcal gaps. Work wlLh local buslnesses Lo develop access, loadlng, and parklng
mlLlgaLlon sLraLegles ln advance of consLrucLlon. ÞoLenLlal early candldaLes lnclude Adanac, 10Lh Avenue,
Cornwall/ÞolnL Crey, and Commerclal urlve.
1.1.4. ConsLrucL permanenL blkeway enhancemenLs where Lemporary lnLervenLlons have successfully reduced
moLor vehlcle volumes and speeds on Lhe cycllng rouLe.


TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 15 of 44
1.2. Lxpand the cyc||ng network to eff|c|ent|y connect peop|e to dest|nat|ons
Cycllng rouLes are mosL useful when Lhey connecL Lo form a coheslve and leglble neLwork provldlng dlrecL and
convenlenL rouLes Lo lmporLanL desLlnaLlons llke schools, communlLy cenLres, LranslL sLaLlons, and employmenL and
shopplng areas. A good neLwork ls easy Lo undersLand and has a crlLlcal denslLy of rouLes, spaced more closely
LogeLher ln urban cenLres and areas wlLh Lhe hlghesL cycllng poLenLlal. 1opography ls anoLher lmporLanL facLor Lo
conslder ln neLwork deslgn, slnce sLeep hllls can dlscourage all buL Lhe mosL deLermlned cycllsL.
A compleLe neLwork for all ages and ablllLles cannoL be creaLed overnlghL. Whlle prlorlLy wlll be glven Lo locaLlons
wlLh Lhe hlghesL exlsLlng or poLenLlal demand, Lhe ClLy wlll also expand Lhe neLwork elsewhere as opporLunlLles
arlse. AAA faclllLles may noL always be feaslble ln Lhe shorL Lerm, for example ln areas wlLh very llmlLed rlghLs-of-
way.
Act|ons
1.2.1. 8evlew Lhe exlsLlng blke neLwork Lo ldenLlfy mlsslng rouLes, gaps and deflclencles, wlLh a focus on faclllLles
LhaL feel comforLable Lo people of all ages and ablllLles.
1.2.2. uevelop and lmplemenL rolllng (~3 year) shorL-Lerm lmprovemenL sLraLegles Lo address gaps and deflclencles
ln Lhe neLwork:
a. uslng rouLe spaclng guldellnes for dlfferenL areas of Lhe clLy, wlLh closer spaclng ln Lhe MeLro Core and
areas wlLh very hlgh cycllng poLenLlal
b. upgradlng key exlsLlng rouLes wlLh hlgh exlsLlng or poLenLlal rldershlp,
c. prlorlLlzlng crlLlcal gaps ln Lhe neLwork and connecLlons Lo hlgh demand and hlgh cycllng poLenLlal
locaLlons, lncludlng schools, communlLy cenLres, ma[or LranslL sLaLlons, and commerclal hlgh sLreeLs, and
d. favourlng slmple and dlrecL connecLlons wlLh few devlaLlons Lo esLabllsh an easlly undersLood and
memorable neLwork of rouLes, whlle also conslderlng Lhe lmporLance of Lopography ln rouLe cholce.
1.2.3. lmplemenL an ongolng program of spoL lmprovemenLs for exlsLlng blcycle rouLes Lo address emerglng safeLy
and blcycle capaclLy lssues, and Lo flll gaps ln Lhe neLwork.
1.2.4. Conslder cycllng lmprovemenLs as parL of all sLreeL caplLal pro[ecLs, lnsLalllng and upgradlng rouLes as
opporLunlLles arlse Lhrough consLrucLlon and rehablllLaLlon pro[ecLs.

1.3. Ma|nta|n b|keways |n a state of good repa|r
Þeople on blcycles are especlally vulnerable Lo poLholes, uneven pavlng, glass, leaves, and oLher debrls on Lhe road
surface-far more Lhan when ln a moLorlzed vehlcle. 8lack lce and snow are parLlcularly dangerous hazards LhaL can
deLer even Lhe mosL confldenL cycllsL. 8ouLlne and LargeLed malnLenance helps ensure rouLes are smooLh and free
of debrls, lmprovlng safeLy and comforL for new rlders and experlenced cycllsLs allke.
Act|ons
1.3.1. uevelop and lmplemenL malnLenance and cleanlng guldellnes for blke rouLes, prlorlLlzlng rouLes wlLh hlgh
rldershlp.
1.3.2. uevelop a sLraLegy Lo lmprove cycllng access around consLrucLlon zones and speclal evenLs, for example by
lmplemenLlng an escalaLlng flne sLrucLure for conLracLors who repeaLedly break relaLed clLy bylaws.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 16 of 44
1.4. Make the cyc||ng network easy to nav|gate
A seamless, easy-Lo-undersLand wayflndlng sysLem-lncludlng dlrecLlonal slgnage, maps, and Lrlp-plannlng Lools-ls
lmporLanL Lo help people flnd Lhe neLwork and confldenLly navlgaLe from place Lo place.
Act|ons
1.4.1. uevelop and lmplemenL a conslsLenL, leglble wayflndlng sysLem on all blke rouLes and greenways.
1.4.2. Þroduce and regularly updaLe a clLywlde blke map, lncludlng a dlglLal verslon. Þrovlde rouLe lnformaLlon ln an
open formaL Lo supporL Lhlrd-parLy moblle appllcaLlon developmenL.
2. lAkklNC & íNu-Ol-1kll lAclll1lí5
Þeople need convenlenL places Lo securely park Lhelr blcycle when Lhey reach Lhelr desLlnaLlon-wheLher for flve mlnuLes
or for Lhe enLlre day. Lnd-of-Lrlp faclllLles such as showers, changlng, and gear sLorage faclllLles are also useful for
commuLers, especlally when Lravellng longer dlsLances or ln ralny weaLher.
2.1. Þrov|de abundant and conven|ent b|cyc|e park|ng and end-of-tr|p fac|||t|es
ulfferenL klnds of blcycle parklng offer varylng levels of convenlence and securlLy. Whlle slmple on-sLreeL racks can
be convenlenL for people runnlng shorL errands, addlLlonal securlLy ls lmporLanL ln locaLlons where blcycles are
parked for longer perlods, for example aL home, work, or LranslL sLaLlons. Þarklng should be qulck and convenlenL Lo
access aL Lhe beglnnlng and end of every Lrlp. AbundanL ouLdoor parklng lmproves access Lo shops and desLlnaLlons,
and care should be Laken Lo ensure sufflclenL space exlsLs for pedesLrlan movemenL.
Act|ons
2.1.1. Þerlodlcally revlew pollcles for new developmenLs Lo ensure abundanL and convenlenLly locaLed secure
blcycle parklng and end-of-Lrlp faclllLles. Mlnlmum requlremenLs should supporL long-Lerm mode share
LargeLs and ownershlp levels.
2.1.2. uevelop a reLroflL program Lo make lL easler Lo add blcycle parklng and oLher end-of-Lrlp faclllLles Lo exlsLlng
bulldlngs.
2.1.3. ÞrlorlLlze and lmplemenL abundanL and secure blcycle parklng aL ma[or LranslL sLaLlons and oLher hlgh-
demand locaLlons, lncludlng aL leasL one downLown blke cenLre.
2.1.4. Þrovlde abundanL, covered (where posslble), and convenlenLly locaLed blcycle parklng aL clvlc faclllLles.
2.1.3. CreaLe pollcy Lo ensure sufflclenL blcycle parklng aL corporaLe-sponsored and communlLy evenLs.
2.1.6. ÞarLner wlLh schools Lo provlde secure, covered, and convenlenLly locaLed blcycle parklng near school
enLrances.
2.1.7. uevelop and lmplemenL a plan Lo provlde abundanL on-sLreeL blcycle parklng whlle ensurlng sufflclenL space
for pedesLrlan movemenL, lncludlng an on-sLreeL blke corral program and guldellnes for blke rack deslgn and
placemenL.
2.1.8. lmplemenL convenlenL secure blcycle sLorage ln hlgh Lurnover areas Lhrough Lhe use of pay as you go blcycle
lockers.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 17 of 44
J. Mul1l-MOuAl lN1íCkA1lON
1he role of cycllng ls greaLly enhanced when lnLegraLed lnLo a mulLl-modal sysLem. Cycllng cosL-effecLlvely exLends Lhe
caLchmenL area for LranslL servlces and provldes fasL and flexlble moblllLy Lo cusLomers aL Lhe beglnnlng and end of Lhelr
LranslL Lrlps. Cycllng can also exLend walklng Lrlps, or be comblned wlLh oLher modes Lo maxlmlze convenlence.
3.1. Make |t easy to comb|ne cyc||ng w|th other forms of transportat|on
1he ablllLy Lo LransporL one's blcycle on publlc LranslL greaLly lmproves Lhe aLLracLlveness of boLh LranslL and cycllng.
Whlle 1ransLlnk's LranslL fleeL ls now 100° accesslble Lo blcycles, passenger crowdlng and space consLralnLs llmlL Lhe
number of blcycles LhaL can be carrled. A larger parL of Lhe soluLlon ls secure and abundanL blcycle parklng aL
sLaLlons and ma[or exchanges so people can leave a blke aL Lhe LranslL sLaLlon whlle conLlnulng Lo or from Lhelr flnal
desLlnaLlon on LranslL.
Act|ons
3.1.1. Lnsure safe, convenlenL, leglble connecLlons beLween ma[or LranslL sLaLlons and Lhe blcycle neLwork.
3.1.2. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk Lo plan and lmplemenL abundanL, secure, weaLher-proLecLed blcycle parklng aL LranslL
sLaLlons.
3.1.3. SupporL measures Lo faclllLaLe on-board carrylng capaclLy of blcycles on Laxls and publlc LranslL vehlcles.
3.1.4. AdvocaLe for broader measures Lo accommodaLe blcycle clrculaLlon ln new LranslL sLaLlons and sLaLlon
upgrades.
3.2. Þrov|de a pub||c b|cyc|e system
A publlc blcycle sharlng sysLem provldes a convenlenL and easy way Lo exLend boLh walklng and LranslL Lrlps.
lmplemenLaLlon should focus on areas wlLh hlgh cycllng poLenLlal, good cycllng faclllLles, and locaLlons LhaL maxlmlze
lnLegraLlon wlLh LranslL, and be coordlnaLed wlLh rouLe safeLy lmprovemenLs, as well as cycllng educaLlon and skllls
programs. 1he sysLem should be deslgned for compaLlblllLy wlLh 1ransLlnk's SmarLCard sysLem, and allow for fuLure
expanslon Lo u8C and oLher areas ln Lhe reglon.
Act|on
3.2.1. uevelop and lmplemenL a publlc blcycle sysLem ln Lhe MeLro Core and oLher areas wlLh hlgh cycllng poLenLlal.

4. íuucA1lON, lkOMO1lON & íNcOukACíMíN1
LducaLlonal programs LhaL Leach blcycle handllng skllls, knowledge of Lrafflc rules, and cycllng eLlqueLLe are essenLlal Lo
lmprovlng safeLy, as ls glvlng aLLenLlon Lo cycllng wlLhln moLorlsL Lralnlng and LesLlng. ÞromoLlon ls also lmporLanL, as many
people are recepLlve Lo Lhe ldea of cycllng or cycllng more frequenLly buL need encouragemenL Lo acLually change Lhelr
behavlour.
4.1. Support cyc||ng sk|||s tra|n|ng to |mprove cyc||st safety and conf|dence
lew people ln norLh Amerlca have any formal Lralnlng when lL comes Lo cycllng, especlally ln Lrafflc. As a resulL,
many people are afrald Lo rlde on clLy sLreeLs, and Lhose LhaL do rlde are someLlmes slngled ouL by moLorlsLs for
flaunLlng rules of Lhe road or rldlng ln an unsafe manner.
1he mosL effecLlve way Lo provlde unlversal cycllng skllls Lralnlng ls Lo lncorporaLe lL lnLo Lhe elemenLary school
currlculum, as ls done ln many Luropean counLrles. 8y focuslng on chlldren, Lhe nexL generaLlon ls more llkely Lo
cycle frequenLly and Lo have a hlgher level of cycllng compeLence and awareness. Þrovldlng Lralnlng for adulLs ls also
lmporLanL, especlally women, lmmlgranLs, and oLher groups under-represenLed ln Lhe cycllng populaLlon. LducaLlon
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 18 of 44
programs wlll complemenL more comforLable lnfrasLrucLure and lmprove compllance of rules and regulaLlons.
lL ls lmporLanL Lo noLe LhaL educaLlonal programs are besL dellvered by oLher organlzaLlons wlLh experLlse ln Lralnlng
cycllsLs, buL Lhe ClLy can provlde supporL wlLh resources.
Act|ons
4.1.1. uevelop a long-Lerm sLraLegy Lo supporL cycllng educaLlon and skllls developmenL, ldenLlfylng parLners and
poLenLlal resource allocaLlons.
4.1.2. AdvocaLe for maklng cycllng skllls Lralnlng a core parL of Lhe elemenLary school currlculum.
4.1.3. uevelop cycllng skllls Lralnlng parks ln key locaLlons around Lhe clLy.
4.2. Support motor|st tra|n|ng to |mprove cyc||ng safety
ln norLh Amerlca, Lyplcally only 1° of quesLlons on drlver examlnaLlons relaLe Lo lnLeracLlons wlLh people on fooL
and blcycles, compared wlLh more Lhan 30° ln norLhern Lurope. Þlaclng greaLer emphasls on vulnerable road users
ln drlver Lralnlng and LesLlng can help Lo lncrease drlver awareness, vlgllance, and expecLaLlon of pedesLrlans and
cycllsLs.
Act|ons
4.2.1. AdvocaLe for maklng cycle safeLy awareness a key componenL of all drlver Lralnlng courses and examlnaLlons
ln 8rlLlsh Columbla, lncludlng for commerclal llcenses.
4.2.2. LducaLe all road users on Lhe proper use of blcycle boxes, cross-blkes, separaLe Lrafflc slgnal phases, and
oLher faclllLles.
4.2.3. LducaLe scooLer, moped, and e-blke users on safe, legal, and respecLful use of roads and paLhs.

4.3. Þromote cyc||ng as a fun, pract|ca|, and hea|thy transportat|on cho|ce
LffecLlve markeLlng programs can help change aLLlLudes and encourage more people Lo cycle by sLraLeglcally
promoLlng dlfferenL messages LhaL resonaLe wlLh each markeL segmenL. Þeople who are ºlnLeresLed buL concerned"
may respond well Lo lmages of safe cycllng, especlally of women and chlldren, afLer some cycllng experlence,
lndlvlduals may respond well Lo healLh messages, encouraglng Lhem Lo Lry more and longer Lrlps. Messages
promoLlng convenlence, Llme-savlngs, and cosL lssues may also encourage cycllng.
Act|ons
4.3.1. uevelop a program Lo promoLe cycllng as a fun, pracLlcal, and healLhy LransporLaLlon cholce, and a normal
parL of everyday llfe, ldenLlfylng markeL research needs, parLners, and resource allocaLlon.
4.3.2. ConLlnue Lo supporL and sLreamllne permlLLlng processes for communlLy evenLs, fesLlvals, and rldes LhaL
encourage and celebraLe cycllng.
4.3.3. ConLlnue a safe rouLes Lo school program Lo encourage sLudenLs Lo use acLlve modes Lo and from school.
4.3.4. uevelop a recurrlng clLywlde cyclovla-sLyle blcycle evenL.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CYCLÌNC - 2012·06·01 - Page 19 of 44
5. NlOkcíMíN1 & líCl5lA1lON
!"8c Motot veblcle Act.1"*#'#".$!"-+/".&'$!"-&(0'&-*(-.()06#*%*/".(.3"//(.$!"1")(/$#".(..&*#($"03#$!
6-"(7#)2$!&."-+/".&/#*"(2")*#".1/(%(*-#$#*(/-&/"#)")'&-*#)2$!"."/(3.!"/1#)2$&").+-"$!($-&(0.(-".('"'&-(//
+."-.()0$!($,"!#*/".@#)*/+0#)26#*%*/".A(-"1-&$"*$"0'-&4$!"'$
S.1. Support |aws and enforcement pract|ces that protect vu|nerab|e road users
Llke pedesLrlans, people Lravellng by blcycle, skaLeboard or moLorcycle, among oLhers, are vulnerable Lo deaLh and
severe ln[ury by colllslon wlLh moLor vehlcles and should Lherefore be glven speclal aLLenLlon ln road safeLy pollcy.
ln many Luropean counLrles and some u.S. SLaLes, Lhese Lypes of users have been caLegorlzed as ºvulnerable road
users" and Lrafflc laws and enforcemenL pracLlces have been modlfled Lo provlde Lhem wlLh enhanced proLecLlon.
Act|ons
3.1.1. AdvocaLe for changes Lo Lhe 8C MoLor vehlcle AcL Lo provlde enhanced legal proLecLlon for vulnerable road
users and clearer deflnlLlon of cycllng-speclflc faclllLles and Lrafflc conLrol devlces.
3.1.2. MalnLaln and enforce 30 km/h speed llmlLs on blke rouLes and greenways.
3.1.3. AdvocaLe for provlnclal leglslaLlve changes Lo enable munlclpal conLrol over blankeL speed llmlLs for ClLy
sLreeLs.
3.1.4. Work wlLh parLners such as 1ransLlnk, Lhe vÞu, and lC8C Lo develop and lmplemenL educaLlon and awareness
campalgns Lo promoLe pedesLrlan and cycllsL safeLy.
3.1.3. Work wlLh Lhe vÞu Lo lmplemenL enforcemenL, educaLlon and awareness approaches LhaL LargeL behavlours
LhaL endanger vulnerable roadway users.
3.1.6. LsLabllsh guldellnes on Lhe Lypes of elecLrlc-asslsL vehlcles LhaL can use acLlve LransporLaLlon faclllLles.
3.1.7. Lncourage Lhe furLher developmenL of Lhe vÞu blcycle squad.
S.2. Work to reduce b|cyc|e theft
1he rlsk of blcycle LhefL ls a ma[or deLerrenL Lo cycllng. 1ransLlnk markeL research reveals LhaL one ln flve cycllsLs ln
CreaLer vancouver have experlenced LhefL ln Lhe pasL flve years. Cf Lhose who had a blke sLolen, 23° dld noL
replace Lhe blcycle for a year, and an addlLlonal 32° for longer Lhan one year. 1ackllng blcycle LhefL ls an lmporLanL
measure Lo help lncrease cycllng.
Act|on
3.2.1. ÞarLlclpaLe ln a reglonal blcycle LhefL pollce Lask force Lo research, lmplemenL, and coordlnaLe programs and
enforcemenL pracLlces LhaL address blcycle LhefL, lncludlng developmenL of a blcycle balL program.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - TFANSÌT - 2012·06·01 - Page 20 of 44
1kANSI1

5oppott ttooslt lmptovemeots to locteose copoclty ooJ eosote setvlce tbot ls fost,
ftepoeot, telloble, folly occesslble, ooJ comfottoble.

ÞCLICILS A1 A GLANCL

1. 1rans|t Network
1.1. SupporL new and lmproved reglonal rapld LranslL
1.2. SupporL new and lmproved local LranslL
1.3. use LranslL prlorlLy measures Lo lmprove LranslL rellablllLy
1.4. SupporL lncreased waLer-based LranslL
2. 1rans|t-support|ve Þub||c kea|m
2.1. SupporL a LranslL sysLem LhaL ls easy Lo navlgaLe
2.2. lmprove walLlng areas aL LranslL sLops
3. Integrat|on w|th Cther Modes
3.1. Make lL easy Lo comblne cycllng and LranslL Lrlps (cross-reference)
3.2. Þrovlde a publlc blcycle sysLem (cross-reference)
3.3. SupporL lmproved lnLegraLlon wlLh Laxls (cross-reference)
4. Ne|ghbourhood Impacts
4.1. SupporL reduced LranslL-relaLed envlronmenLal and nolse emlsslons
4.2. SupporL lmproved malnLenance on LranslL rouLes
S. Access|b|||ty and Lqu|ty
3.1. SupporL equlLable fares LhaL encourage LranslL use
3.2. SupporL a unlversally accesslble LranslL sysLem
6. 1rans|t I|nanc|ng
6.1. SupporL sLable and equlLable long-Lerm LranslL fundlng sources
7. Cther keg|ona| and Inter-keg|ona| 1rans|t
7.1. SupporL lmproved lnLer-reglonal LranslL (cross-reference)

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - TFANSÌT - 2012·06·01 - Page 21 of 44
ÞCLICILS AND AC1ICNS IN DL1AIL
1. 1kAN5l1 Ní1wOkk
A successful LranslL sysLem has a range of servlces. lasL, frequenL, rellable, hlgh-capaclLy rapld LranslL ls essenLlal Lo aLLracL
new rlders, serve longer Lrlps, and meeL mode share LargeLs. Local LranslL servlce wlLh more frequenL sLops ls also
lmporLanL, parLlcularly for people wlLh moblllLy challenges who requlre sLops close Lo Lhelr desLlnaLlon.
unllke mosL norLh Amerlcan clLles, LranslL demand far exceeds capaclLy ln vancouver. Cvercrowded buses rouLlnely pass
long llnes of walLlng passengers. 1o meeL exlsLlng demand, serve fuLure growLh, and supporL our long-Lerm LargeLs, more
servlce ls essenLlal.
1.1. Support new and |mproved reg|ona| rap|d trans|t
lasL, frequenL, rellable, hlgh-capaclLy reglonal rapld LranslL ls essenLlal Lo aLLracL new rlders and meeL mode share
LargeLs. Lncouraglng more people Lo shlfL away from Lhe prlvaLe auLomoblle requlres LranslL LhaL compeLes
favourably wlLh drlvlng ln Lerms of speed, comforL, and rellablllLy.
1o achleve our LargeLs and serve fuLure growLh, slgnlflcanL new servlce ls especlally lmporLanL for Lhe 8roadway
Corrldor. 1he buslesL bus corrldor ln norLh Amerlca, lL llnks ma[or reglonal desLlnaLlons, lncludlng CenLral
8roadway-Lhe largesL employmenL area ln 8C afLer uownLown vancouver-as well as vCP and u8C.
Act|ons
1.1.1. AdvocaLe for an underground Mlllennlum Llne exLenslon servlng Lhe 8roadway Corrldor as a reglonal prlorlLy.
1.1.2. SupporL Sky1raln sLaLlon upgrades and oLher measures Lo lncrease sysLem capaclLy.
1.1.3. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk Lo provlde new or lmproved rapld LranslL servlce on hlgh demand corrldors, lncludlng
PasLlngs, 41sL/49Lh Avenue, Commerclal/vlcLorla, and Maln/lraser.
1.1.4. ÞroLecL and deslgn for fuLure hlgh-capaclLy rapld LranslL corrldors and poLenLlal sLaLlon locaLlons.
1.1.3. SupporL reglonal LranslL pro[ecLs ouLslde ClLy boundarles LhaL demonsLraLe a sLrong buslness case.
1.1.6. SupporL an expanded commuLer rall neLwork, lncludlng WesL CoasL Lxpress and poLenLlal new rouLes.
1.2. Support new and |mproved |oca| trans|t
Local LranslL servlce ls an essenLlal parL of Lhe servlce specLrum, parLlcularly for people wlLh moblllLy challenges who
requlre sLops close Lo Lhelr desLlnaLlon.
Act|ons
1.2.1. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk and Lhe Þrovlnce Lo lmprove frequency, capaclLy, and rellablllLy of local servlce on hlgh-
demand corrldors.
1.2.2. Lxplore wlder sLop spaclng on local rouLes Lo aLLracL more rlders and provlde more frequenL servlce, whlle
balanclng Lhe need for local access.
1.2.3. SupporL new or ad[usLed servlces Lo address LranslL neLwork gaps.
1.2.4. SupporL sLraLeglc expanslon of Lhe Lrolley neLwork, lncludlng mld-rouLe Lurnaround faclllLles on busy rouLes
Lo lmprove rellablllLy and servlce flexlblllLy.
1.2.3. Advance a uownLown-lalse Creek-ArbuLus sLreeLcar servlce, Lhrough measures lncludlng:
a. proLecLlng rlghLs-of-way and deslgnlng sLreeLs Lo accommodaLe Lhe servlce, and
b. worklng wlLh 1ransLlnk on a buslness case.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - TFANSÌT - 2012·06·01 - Page 22 of 44
1.3. Use trans|t pr|or|ty measures to |mprove trans|t re||ab|||ty
1ranslL prlorlLy measures such as bus bulges, queue [umpers, slgnal prlorlLy, and lane prlorlLy or reallocaLlon can be
effecLlve ways Lo lmprove LranslL capaclLy and rellablllLy. 1he ClLy generally supporLs Lhese measures, buL care musL
be Laken Lo use Lools LhaL are mosL approprlaLe and effecLlve, and Lo balance compeLlng demands on any parLlcular
sLreeL. Accordlngly, creaLlve approaches Lo LranslL prlorlLy should be used Lo mlnlmlze space requlremenLs ln
resLrlcLed rlghLs-of-way. ln some cases, hlghly locallzed, sLraLeglc lnLervenLlons may provlde subsLanLlal beneflL.
Act|on
1.3.1. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk Lo develop and lmplemenL LranslL prlorlLy measures by:
a. revlewlng LranslL rellablllLy for dlfferenL rouLes, ldenLlfylng where and why delays are occurrlng,
b. developlng guldellnes regardlng Lhe appllcaLlon of poLenLlal LranslL prlorlLy measures, and
c. supporLlng and sLraLeglcally lmplemenLlng prlorlLy measures.
1.4. Support |ncreased water-based trans|t
vancouver ls a clLy by Lhe ocean, and opporLunlLles exlsL Lo lncrease Lhe use of our waLerways for boLh publlcly- and
prlvaLely-operaLed LranslL. lerrles servlng lalse Creek and Lhe lraser 8lver could play a larger role ln movlng people,
parLlcularly lf servlces were beLLer lnLegraLed wlLh 1ransLlnk.
Many older docks have sLeep ramps or oLher feaLures LhaL make Lhem dlfflculL or lmposslble Lo use by persons wlLh
dlsablllLles, and Lhe ClLy ls worklng Lo ensure new docks are accesslble Lo Lhe greaLesL exLenL posslble.
Act|ons
1.4.1. upgrade exlsLlng lalse Creek publlc docks as feaslble Lo accommodaLe people of all ages and ablllLles, and
provlde new docks as opporLunlLles arlse.
1.4.2. SupporL Lhe lnLegraLlon of ferrles ln lalse Creek wlLh publlc LranslL (e.g. SmarLCard lnLegraLlon, LranslL sLop
locaLlons) and acLlve LransporLaLlon.
1.4.3. SupporL new passenger ferry servlces ln lalse Creek, Lhe 8urrard lnleL, and/or Lhe lraser 8lver where a sLrong
buslness case can be made.
2. 1kAN5l1-5ullOk1lví lu8llc kíAlM
Whlle Lhe ClLy does noL own or operaLe Lhe reglonal LranslL sysLem, lL does have slgnlflcanL conLrol over lLs sLreeLs and
rlghLs-of-way. 1o LhaL end, lL can play a slgnlflcanL role ln lmprovlng Lhe walLlng experlence for LranslL users, promoLlng
lnLermodal connecLlvlLy, and faclllLaLlng lmproved LranslL rellablllLy Lhrough LranslL prlorlLy measures.
2.1. Support a trans|t system that |s easy to nav|gate
A seamless, easy-Lo-undersLand wayflndlng sysLem-lncludlng dlrecLlonal slgnage, maps, and Lrlp-plannlng Lools-ls
lmporLanL Lo help people undersLand Lhe LranslL neLwork and confldenLly navlgaLe from place Lo place. 1he ClLy and
1ransLlnk should coordlnaLe efforLs Lo make Lhe sysLem as leglble as posslble.
Act|ons
2.1.1. ConLlnue Lo work wlLh 1ransLlnk Lo lmplemenL conslsLenL and leglble wayflndlng aL and around all rapld
LranslL sLaLlons and ma[or LranslL lnLerchanges.
2.1.2. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk Lo supporL Lhe provlslon of real-Llme lnformaLlon aL LranslL sLops, and Lo provlde daLa ln
an open formaL Lo supporL Lhlrd-parLy moblle appllcaLlon developmenL.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - TFANSÌT - 2012·06·01 - Page 2J of 44
2.2. Improve wa|t|ng areas at trans|t stops
1he ClLy can help lmprove Lhe LranslL experlence by maklng walLlng areas as comforLable as posslble. WeaLher
proLecLlon, seaLlng, wasLe blns, slgnage, and pedesLrlan llghLlng are [usL some of Lhe amenlLles LhaL can make
walLlng for Lhe bus more pleasanL.
Act|on
2.2.1. Þrovlde safe and comforLable walLlng areas aL all bus sLops where sufflclenL sldewalk and boulevard space
exlsLs. ln locaLlons where sldewalk space ls Loo llmlLed for a full shelLer, pursue opporLunlLles Lo locaLe
amenlLles on prlvaLe properLy.
J. lN1íCkA1lON wl1n O1ník MOuí5
8lcycle and LranslL make for a powerful comblnaLlon. Cycllng ls an lnexpenslve way Lo exLend Lhe caLchmenL area of rapld
LranslL, buL measures need Lo be Laken Lo address concerns of safeLy and LhefL. See Lhe cyclloq secLlon for speclflc pollcles
and acLlons on lnLegraLlng cycllng wlLh LranslL.
1axls can also exLend Lhe LranslL sysLem. See Lhe CooJs, 5etvlces, ooJ ímetqeocy kespoose secLlon for speclflc pollcles and
acLlons on lnLegraLlng Laxls wlLh LranslL.
4. NílCn8OuknOOu lMlAc15
Whlle LranslL ls a valuable amenlLy, efforLs should be made Lo mlLlgaLe negaLlve lmpacLs on nelghbourhoods.
4.1. Support reduced trans|t-re|ated env|ronmenta| and no|se em|ss|ons
nolse and alr polluLlon are ofLen ralsed as concerns by resldenLs who llve near bus rouLes, parLlcularly Lhose served
by dlesel buses cllmblng hllls. MlLlgaLlng nolse and alr polluLlon relaLed Lo LranslL ls lmporLanL Lo malnLalnlng a hlgh
quallLy of llfe, parLlcularly as Lhe clLy conLlnues Lo place more people and [obs along hlgh-frequency LranslL corrldors.
Powever, added cosLs for lmproved nolse and emlsslons Lechnologles need Lo be balanced agalnsL Lhe provlslon of
addlLlonal LranslL servlce Lo meeL lncreaslng demands.
Act|ons
4.1.1. SupporL speclflcaLlons for new LranslL vehlcles LhaL reduce nolse and alr emlsslons.
4.1.2. SupporL an expanded Lrolley neLwork.
4.2. Support |mproved ma|ntenance on trans|t routes
8uses are heavy, especlally when fllled Lo capaclLy, resulLlng ln slgnlflcanL wear-and-Lear on clLy sLreeLs. 1hey are
also exempLed from welghL resLrlcLlons applled Lo oLher large commerclal vehlcles. MalnLalnlng roads on busy
LranslL rouLes requlres addlLlonal lnvesLmenL as a resulL.
Act|ons
4.2.1. Conslder hlgh volume bus rouLes when revlewlng poLenLlal addlLlons Lo Lhe Ma[or 8oad neLwork (M8n).
4.2.2. Lxplore poLenLlal for malnLenance cosL-sharlng on non-M8n sLreeLs wlLh hlgh volume bus rouLes.



TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - TFANSÌT - 2012·06·01 - Page 24 of 44
5. Accí55l8lll1¥ & íOul1¥
An effecLlve LranslL sysLem ls accesslble Lo people of all ages and ablllLles and much cheaper Lhan ownlng and operaLlng an
auLomoblle. Applylng prlnclples of unlversal deslgn Lo Lhe enLlre LranslL sysLem-lncludlng vehlcles as well as sLaLlons and
walLlng areas-ensures Lhe wldesL range of users are able Lo use lL, and reduces Lhe need for more expenslve speclallzed
servlces. lor persons wlLh llmlLed moblllLy, local rouLes wlLh sLops locaLed closer Lo desLlnaLlons and paraLranslL servlces
llke PandyuA81 wlll conLlnue Lo be lmporLanL parLs of Lhe LranslL servlce specLrum.
S.1. Support equ|tab|e fares that encourage trans|t use
1he currenL Lhree-zone fare sysLem ls ofLen crlLlclzed for belng unfalr Lo Lhose who llve on Lhe edge of a boundary
zone. 1he lmplemenLaLlon of a SmarLCard sysLem across Lhe reglon ln 2013 wlll allow for a more equlLable dlsLance-
based fare sysLem, and lncrease opporLunlLles for lnnovaLlve fare sLrucLures and programs LhaL encourage LranslL
use and reward susLalnable behavlour.
Act|ons
3.1.1. SupporL dlsLance-based fare sLrucLures.
3.1.2. SupporL fare opLlons LhaL encourage LranslL use by famllles and vlslLors.
3.1.3. Lncourage bundllng of LranslL fares lnLo Lhe LlckeL cosL of ma[or evenLs.
3.1.4. SupporL lnLegraLlng Lhe 1ransLlnk SmarLCard sysLem wlLh oLher forms of LransporLaLlon, lncludlng blke- and
car-sharlng, parklng paymenL, prlvaLe ferry servlces, and Laxls.
3.1.3. SupporL uslng Lhe SmarLCard sysLem Lo lncenLlvlze LranslL use and oLher susLalnable behavlor.
S.2. Support a un|versa||y access|b|e trans|t system
1ranslL ls especlally lmporLanL for persons wlLh moblllLy and vlslon challenges, and for whom oLher modes of
LransporLaLlon are less vlable. A unlversally accesslble LranslL sysLem provldes moblllLy and freedom LhaL enables
every resldenL Lo meeL Lhelr dally needs and parLlclpaLe ln clvlc llfe. AlLhough 1ransLlnk's fleeL ls 100° accesslble for
people uslng wheelchalrs, abouL 30° of sLops ln Lhe clLy are deemed lnaccesslble.
Act|ons
3.2.1. Þrovlde accesslble walLlng and boardlng areas aL all LranslL sLops as feaslble, prlorlLlzlng hlgh-demand
locaLlons lncludlng sLops wlLh hlgher usage by persons wlLh dlsablllLles. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk Lo lmprove
wayflndlng ln rapld LranslL sLaLlons Lo elevaLors.
3.2.2. SupporL alLernaLlve dellvery mechanlsms for paraLranslL servlces- lncludlng poLenLlal lncreased use of
Laxls-Lo lower per-rlde cosLs, lmprove rellablllLy, and reduce booklng Llmes. 8equlre Laxl drlver educaLlon Lo
ensure safe handllng of cusLomers wlLh dlsablllLles.



TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - TFANSÌT - 2012·06·01 - Page 25 of 44
6. 1kAN5l1 llNANclNC
1he reglonal LranslL sysLem ls faclng a ma[or fundlng crlsls. SufflclenL and sLable fundlng ls requlred Lo provlde Lhe servlce
needed Lo meeL exlsLlng and fuLure LranslL demands. WlLhouL new sources of fundlng, lL wlll be dlfflculL Lo malnLaln Lhe
exlsLlng levels of servlce, leL alone meeL fuLure LargeLs or serve laLenL demand.
ln 2010, Lhe llvoble cltles agreemenL beLween Lhe Þrovlnce of 8C and Lhe Mayors' Councll on 8eglonal 1ransporLaLlon
recognlzed Lhe llmlLaLlons of exlsLlng sources-such as properLy Laxes, Lhe currenL vehlcle fuel Lax and LranslL fares-and
began a collaboraLlve process Lo develop a long-Lerm susLalnable fundlng sLraLegy.
6.1. Support stab|e and equ|tab|e |ong-term trans|t fund|ng sources
ln order Lo conLlnue exlsLlng operaLlons and fund new LranslL lnlLlaLlves-ranglng from expandlng Lhe bus fleeL Lo
advanclng new rapld LranslL pro[ecLs-parLnershlps are requlred beLween senlor governmenLs, 1ransLlnk, MeLro
vancouver, Lhe ClLy, and oLher munlclpal governmenLs ln Lhe reglon.
A number of new fundlng Lools are currenLly belng explored, some of whlch requlre enabllng leglslaLlon aL Lhe
provlnclal level. 1o daLe, Lhe ClLy has supporLed Lhe reglonal fuel Lax, a LransporLaLlon carbon Lax, and road prlclng
as preferable alLernaLlves Lo ralslng properLy Laxes. CLher new sources such as a vehlcle reglsLraLlon fee could also
be effecLlve ln supporLlng boLh ClLy and reglonal ob[ecLlves.
Act|ons
6.1.1. ConLlnue worklng wlLh fundlng parLners Lo expand sLable, equlLable fundlng sources Lo (l) malnLaln and (ll)
lncrease LranslL servlce levels. ÞoLenLlal sources lnclude (buL are noL llmlLed Lo):
a. lncreased fuel Laxes,
b. a reglonal carbon Lax,
c. vehlcle reglsLraLlon fees, and
d. reglonal road prlclng.
lavour opLlons whlch do noL lncrease properLy Laxes and encourage shlfLs Lo more susLalnable modes.
7. lN1ík-kíClONAl cOMMíkclAl 1kAN5l1
1he ClLy supporLs lmproved commerclal LranslL connecLlons Lo cenLres ouLslde Lhe reglon-lncludlng vancouver lsland,
WhlsLler, SeaLLle, and beyond. See Lhe CooJs, 5etvlces, ímetqeocy kespoose, ooJ commetclol 1toospott secLlon for deLalls.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page 26 of 44
MC1Ck VLnICLLS

Moooqe tbe tooJ oetwotk efflcleotly to lmptove sofety ooJ soppott o qtoJool teJoctloo
lo cot JepeoJeoce. Moke lt eoslet to Jtlve less. Acceletote tbe sblft to low cotboo
veblcles.

ÞCLICILS A1 A GLANCL

1. Network
1.1. CpLlmlze neLwork operaLlons Lo manage congesLlon lmpacLs
1.2. Conslder lmpacLs Lo LranslL, commerclal vehlcles, and general Lrafflc flow prlor Lo reallocaLlng road space
1.3. Manage Lrafflc Lo lmprove safeLy and nelghbourhood llvablllLy
2. Þark|ng
2.1. use off-sLreeL parklng requlremenLs Lo supporL reduced ownershlp and use
2.2. SupporL sLraLegles LhaL reduce Lhe need for parklng
2.3. SeparaLe parklng and houslng cosLs Lo lncrease houslng affordablllLy
2.4. Approach parklng as a shared dlsLrlcL resource
2.3. ueslgn parklng Lo be flexlble and adapLable
2.6. Make lL easler for drlvers Lo flnd avallable parklng spaces
2.7. Manage parklng ln nelghbourhoods
2.8. SupporL cycllng, low-carbon vehlcles, and car sharlng (cross-reference)
2.9. SupporL efflclenL loadlng and servlclng (cross-reference)
3. Car Shar|ng
3.1. SupporL lncreased car sharlng
4. Cther Demand Management 1oo|s
4.1. SupporL employer, lnsLlLuLlonal, and dlsLrlcL LransporLaLlon demand managemenL programs
4.2. SupporL reglonal road or congesLlon prlclng, wlLh revenue dlrecLed Lowards LranslL lmprovemenLs
4.3. SupporL pay-as-you-drlve lnsurance premlums LhaL reward drlvers for drlvlng less
S. Low Carbon Veh|c|es
3.1. Þrovlde charglng lnfrasLrucLure Lo supporL elecLrlc vehlcles
3.2. SupporL early deploymenL of elecLrlc vehlcles

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page 27 of 44
ÞCLICILS AND AC1ICNS IN DL1AIL
1. kOAu Ní1wOkk
vancouver's flne-gralned sLreeL neLwork provldes many beneflLs. lL resulLs ln falrly dlrecL Lravel rouLes, mlnlmlzlng overall
Lrlp dlsLances and supporLlng oLher modes. lL also provldes greaLer flexlblllLy Lo close or modlfy porLlons of rouLes-Lo hosL
sLreeL celebraLlons or fesLlvals, for example-slnce parallel rouLes are usually close by.
Whlle Lhe ClLy's prevlous LransporLaLlon plan commlLLed Lo noL expandlng road space Lo accommodaLe addlLlonal growLh,
Lhls plan musL go even furLher. As Lhe number of resldenLs, employees, and vlslLors conLlnue Lo grow, Lhe amounL of Lrlps
and sLreeL acLlvlLles wlll also rlse. AccommodaLlng Lhls growLh wlll requlre reallocaLlon of road space Lo maxlmlze efflclency
of exlsLlng rlghLs-of-way.
1.1. Cpt|m|ze network operat|ons to manage congest|on |mpacts
MoLor vehlcles wlll conLlnue Lo be a slgnlflcanL parL of Lhe LransporLaLlon sysLem for Lhe forseeable fuLure.
CoordlnaLlng slgnal Llmlng, managlng Lurn movemenLs, and carefully monlLorlng Lrafflc volumes wlll be lmporLanL
componenLs Lo managlng congesLlon and avoldlng grldlock. AL Lhe same Llme, measures Lo faclllLaLe moLor vehlcle
movemenL should noL come aL Lhe expense of safeLy, parLlcularly for vulnerable road users, or adversely affecL
LranslL rellablllLy.
Act|on
1.1.1. ConLlnue Lo opLlmlze neLwork operaLlons such as slgnal Llmlng and rush hour regulaLlons Lo manage
congesLlon lmpacLs.
1.2. Cons|der |mpacts to trans|t, commerc|a| veh|c|es, and genera| traff|c f|ow pr|or to rea||ocat|ng road
space
Whlle walklng and cycllng are Lop prlorlLles for Lhe clLy, Lhe needs of oLher sLreeL users musL also be consldered
when allocaLlng road space. ln parLlcular, LranslL and Lruck rouLes play an essenLlal role ln Lhe clLy, movlng Lhousands
of people and enabllng goods and servlces Lo be dellvered ln a Llmely manner. Accordlngly, measures Lo lmprove
condlLlons for pedesLrlans and cycllsLs on Lhese rouLes should lnclude careful assessmenLs Lo deLermlne poLenLlal
lmpacLs Lo LranslL and goods and servlces movemenL. lmpacLs Lo general moLor vehlcle Lrafflc should also be
consldered, lncludlng Lhe poLenLlal for drlvers Lo shlfL Lo oLher modes or use alLernaLe rouLes.
Some sLreeLs requlre an addlLlonal level of conslderaLlon, because Lhey serve as lmporLanL LranslL and/or Lruck
rouLes, or because Lhey handle a parLlcularly hlgh volume of moLor vehlcle Lrafflc on relaLlvely llmlLed space.
Act|on
1.2.1. MonlLor vehlcle volumes Lo undersLand Lrafflc Lrends and poLenLlal spare capaclLy. Where lmprovemenLs Lo
Lhe pedesLrlan or cycllng envlronmenL are needed buL Lhe ablllLy Lo reallocaLe road space ls llmlLed, seek
alLernaLlve approaches such as properLy acqulslLlon or bulldlng seLbacks.
1.3. Manage traff|c to |mprove safety and ne|ghbourhood ||vab|||ty
vancouver's grld of sLreeLs provldes a mulLlLude of rouLes for cars as well as pedesLrlans and cycllsLs. When delays
occur on Lhe arLerlal neLwork, some drlvers wlll shorLcuL Lhrough local sLreeLs, and speeds and volumes can ralse
safeLy and llvablllLy concerns for resldenLs. 1rafflc calmlng and dlverslon LacLlcs can be effecLlve counLermeasures,
buL slnce resources are llmlLed, prlorlLles wlll be glven Lo areas wlLh hlgh pedesLrlan volumes and demonsLrable
problems.
Colllslons also occur on Lhe arLerlal neLwork, and Lhe ClLy wlll conLlnue Lo monlLor colllslons raLes, and address
locaLlons wlLh a hlgh number of crashes.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page 28 of 44
Colllslons beLween moLor vehlcles and pedesLrlans or cycllsLs are parLlcularly slgnlflcanL, slnce Lhese road users lack
physlcal proLecLlon and are much more llkely Lo suffer serlous ln[ury or deaLh. See Lhe Walklng and Cycllng secLlons
for addlLlonal pollcles and acLlons Lo lmprove safeLy for vulnerable road users.
Act|ons
1.3.1. ConLlnue Lo lmplemenL sLraLeglc Lrafflc calmlng on local sLreeLs Lo lmprove safeLy and nelghbourhood
llvablllLy:
a. prlorlLlzlng measures around nelghbourhood blke rouLes, schools and oLher key pedesLrlan generaLors,
b. conslderlng a sLreeL's funcLlon ln Lhe broader LransporLaLlon neLwork when deLermlnlng Lhe degree and
Lype of Lrafflc calmlng,
c. conslderlng nelghbourhood access lssues prlor Lo lmplemenLlng dlverslon measures on local sLreeLs wlLh
hlgh Lrafflc volumes (>2300 vehlcles per day), and
d. ensurlng nelghbourhood access for emergency responders.
1.3.2. 8eflne Lhe Lrafflc calmlng evaluaLlon process Lo encourage broad resldenL dlscusslon and supporL prlor Lo
requesL submlsslon.
1.3.3. ConLlnue Lo monlLor colllslon raLes across Lhe clLy, and address locaLlons wlLh a hlgh number of moLor vehlcle
colllslons.
2. ).,2-/!
(-7#)2#.&)"&'$!"#$%?.6#22".$$-().1&-$($#&)/","-.(-7#)2-">+#-"4")$.)&$&)/%#41(*$$-(,"/*!&#*"6+$
.#2)#'#*()$/%.!(1"$!"1+6/#*-"(/4()0(''"*$!&+.#)2*&.$.&&4+*!.+-'(*"1(-7#)2*-"($".(!&.$#/"1"0".$-#()
"),#-&)4")$$!($#.+)1/"(.()$$&3(/7&-*%*/"#);+)0"-1-#*"01(-7#)2*()*&)$-#6+$"$&*&)2".$#&)1-&6/"4.()0
)"2($#,"/%(''"*$)"#2!6&+-!&&0/#,(6#/#$%11-&1-#($"/%1-#*"01(-7#)2")*&+-(2".$+-)&,"-#)-"$(#/(-"(.$!"-"6%
.+11&-$#)2/&*(/"*&)&4#*(*$#,#$%
2.1. Use off-street park|ng requ|rements to support reduced auto ownersh|p and use
Þarklng adds a slgnlflcanL expense Lo developmenL, parLlcularly when lL means addlLlonal levels of underground
parklng LhaL never flll up. Cne way Lo address Lhls ls Lo bulld less parklng per unlL. 8educlng or ellmlnaLlng parklng
requlremenLs can reduce houslng or lease cosLs whlle encouraglng more susLalnable modes of LransporLaLlon and
conLrlbuLlng Lo a more vlbranL, pedesLrlan-frlendly publlc realm. Þarklng maxlmums are also lmporLanL, slnce Lhey
ellmlnaLe Lhe rlsk LhaL developers wlll bulld parklng ln excess of ClLy ob[ecLlves.
Act|ons
2.1.1. uevelop and lmplemenL a sLraLegy Lo (a) ellmlnaLe mlnlmum parklng requlremenLs downLown, near rapld
LranslL sLaLlons, and for guaranLeed renLal developmenLs, and (b) revlse mlnlmum requlremenLs elsewhere
based on LargeL mode shares.
2.1.2. lnLroduce parklng maxlmum allowances LhroughouL Lhe clLy based upon currenL ownershlp levels or exlsLlng
mode share.
2.2. Support strateg|es that reduce the need for park|ng
8efore deLermlnlng how many parklng spaces Lo bulld, developers should flrsL make every efforL Lo reduce Lhe need
for parklng spaces by lmplemenLlng sLraLegles LhaL reduce Lhe need Lo drlve. lnLegraLlng LransporLaLlon demand
managemenL sLraLegles lnLo new developmenL aL Lhe ouLseL reduces Lhe need for parklng whlle supporLlng more
susLalnable LransporLaLlon cholces and maklng more lncome avallable for houslng. ÞoLenLlal sLraLegles could lnclude
provldlng on-slLe car-sharlng, enhanced pedesLrlan and cycllng faclllLles, occupanL LranslL pass programs, avallablllLy
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page 29 of 44
of locaLlon-based morLgages, and occupancy agreemenLs.
Act|ons
2.2.1. Clarlfy Lhe parklng bylaw Lo reflecL larger ClLy LransporLaLlon ob[ecLlves, and Lo acLlvely encourage sLraLegles
LhaL reduce parklng demand.
2.2.2. 8equlre demand managemenL plans ln all rezonlngs, mulLl-famlly, offlce, and mlxed-use developmenLs,
encourage demand managemenL sLraLegles ln all oLher developmenLs, and allow sLaff Lo reduce mlnlmum
parklng requlremenLs ln response.
2.2.3. MonlLor Lhe lmpacLs of demand managemenL plans, and use Lhe resulLs Lo lmprove effecLlveness and revlse
pollcles as approprlaLe.
2.2.4. CreaLe a developer-frlendly, Councll-endorsed LoolklL Lo asslsL developers and sLaff ln developlng
LransporLaLlon managemenL sLraLegles for new developmenL.
2.3. Separate park|ng and hous|ng costs to |ncrease hous|ng affordab|||ty
Allowlng people Lo purchase or renL houslng and parklng separaLely can mean slgnlflcanL savlngs for households
chooslng Lo go car-llghL or car-free. llrsLly, lL dlrecLly reduces Lhe cosL of a home: a slngle underground parklng space
can add $40,000 Lo $30,000 Lo Lhe cosL of a home, or upwards of $200-$230 ln monLhly morLgage paymenLs aL
currenL raLes. Secondly, by maklng a hldden cosL of drlvlng expllclL, lL creaLes a greaLer lncenLlve noL Lo own a
vehlcle, lncreaslng Lhe llkellhood LhaL someone wlll forgo car ownershlp and choose oLher modes of LransporLaLlon.
8esldenLs who choose Lo go Lhls rouLe can apply Lhe resulLlng savlngs-amounLlng Lo $10,000 or more per year-Lo
houslng. ln effecL, more money ls avallable Lo spend on houslng LhaL cosLs less. LasLly, lL provldes greaLer cholce ln
Lhe houslng markeL.
Act|ons
2.3.1. 8equlre unbundllng as a condlLlon for approval for mlxed-use, mulLl-famlly, and renLal developmenLs ln Lhe
downLown and near rapld LranslL sLaLlons.
2.3.2. Lncourage unbundllng elsewhere ln Lhe clLy by offerlng a reducLlon from Lhe mlnlmum parklng requlremenL.
2.4. Approach park|ng as a shared d|str|ct resource
Approachlng parklng as a shared nelghbourhood resource raLher Lhan aLLachlng lL Lo lndlvldual bulldlngs ls common
pracLlce ln many clLles and has many beneflLs. lL enables ad[acenL developmenLs LhaL requlre parklng aL dlfferenL
Llmes of day Lo share Lhe same spaces raLher Lhan bulld Lhelr own purpose-bullL ones. lL also Lransforms underused
exlsLlng parklng lnLo a resource LhaL new developmenLs nearby can Lap lnLo raLher Lhan bulldlng Lhelr own spaces,
Lhereby lncreaslng overall efflclency. llnally, lL helps Lo allevlaLe concerns around unbundllng, slnce resldenLs who
choose Lo own a car laLer on can lease a space nearby, and developers can lease excess spaces Lo non-occupanLs.
1hls pracLlce ls already ln place for some herlLage properLles buL could be expanded.
Act|ons
2.4.1. uevelop and lmplemenL deslgn guldellnes for larger developmenLs Lo enable parklng access for people who
don'L llve or work ln Lhe bulldlng (e.g. mechanlcal parklng, mulLlple levels of securlLy).
2.4.2. Conslder requlrlng parklng ln larger developmenLs Lo be publlcly accesslble, Lo enable use as a shared
resource.
2.4.3. Allow and encourage developers Lo lease parklng spaces off-slLe lnsLead of provldlng new spaces, Lo Lake
advanLage of nearby parklng oversupply.
2.4.4. uevelop a long-Lerm sLraLegy for uownLown parklng, conslderlng LoLal parklng supply, fuLure demands, and
oLher poLenLlal uses.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page J0 of 44
2.S. Des|gn park|ng to be f|ex|b|e and adaptab|e
new parklng spaces should be ºfuLure-proofed" so LhaL Lhey can be converLed Lo oLher uses-such as sLorage,
blcycle parklng, or even llvlng space-when Lhey are no longer needed for parklng cars. 1he ClLy wlll also make lL
easler Lo converL unused spaces ln older bulldlngs wlLh a demonsLraLed oversupply.
Act|ons
2.3.1. Modlfy codes and pollcy and encourage flexlble deslgn so LhaL parklng spaces can be converLed Lo oLher uses
ln Lhe fuLure (e.g. llvlng space, blcycle parklng, sLorage) as demand changes.
2.3.2. uevelop reLroflL pollcles for exlsLlng bulldlngs wlLh excess parklng, Lo enable converslon Lo oLher uses.
2.6. Make |t eas|er for dr|vers to f|nd ava||ab|e park|ng spaces
A loL of Lrafflc ls Lhe resulL of drlvers crulslng around ln search of an avallable parklng space-whlch accounLs for up
Lo 40° of Lrafflc ln some clLles. 1he ClLy can reduce congesLlon, supporL local buslnesses, and lncrease cusLomer
convenlence by provldlng drlvers wlLh beLLer lnformaLlon on avallable spaces, and by seLLlng on-sLreeL prlces Lo
ensure a llmlLed number of on-sLreeL spaces are always avallable. new and emerglng Lechnologles wlll conLlnue Lo
make Lhls easler.
Act|ons
2.6.1. Þrovlde real-Llme avallablllLy lnformaLlon for ClLy-owned off-sLreeL parklng, Lhrough elecLronlc slgnage and
moblle devlce appllcaLlons.
2.6.2. use varlable prlclng sLraLegles Lo manage curb space, ensurlng on-sLreeL space avallablllLy and reduclng Lrafflc
caused by drlvers searchlng for avallable parklng.
2.7. Manage park|ng |n ne|ghbourhoods
Curb space on resldenLlal sLreeLs ls ofLen ln hlgh demand, and lL can be dlfflculL for vlslLors Lo flnd a space. ln Lhls
conLexL, some nelghbours oppose reduced parklng requlremenLs for new developmenL because Lhey assume new
resldenLs wlll slmply park ln Lhe sLreeL raLher Lhan reduce car ownershlp. Whlle Lhere ls sLrong evldence LhaL
provldlng less off-sLreeL parklng reduces car ownershlp, parLlcularly when demand managemenL sLraLegles are used,
Lhls ls a leglLlmaLe concern.
ÞarL of Lhe problem ls LhaL curb space ls ofLen unregulaLed and, where permlL programs do exlsL, lL ls undervalued.
As a resulL, many resldenLs park ln Lhe sLreeL even when off-sLreeL parklng ls readlly avallable. lewer spaces are
avallable for vlslLors, and Lhere ls a percelved shorLfall. A LhoughLful approach Lo nelghbourhood parklng can address
Lhese concerns and resulL ln more efflclenL use of road space. 1hls could allow some on-sLreeL parklng Lo be
converLed Lo oLher uses such as wlder sldewalks, publlc space, or lmproved cycllng faclllLles, and even generaLe
revenue LhaL can be dlrecLed Lowards local amenlLles.
Act|ons
2.7.1. Ad[usL Lhe resldenLlal parklng permlL program Lo address parklng splllover concerns assoclaLed wlLh off-sLreeL
reducLlons and Lo beLLer reflecL markeL value of sLreeL space. Þosslble approaches lnclude:
a. gradually lncreaslng permlL cosLs Lo reflecL markeL value,
b. llmlLlng Lhe number of permlLs per household,
c. lncreaslng cosLs for each addlLlonal permlL per household,
d. capplng Lhe LoLal number of permlLs and allowlng resldenLs Lo Lrade rlghLs, and/or
e. plloLlng a nelghbourhood parklng beneflL dlsLrlcL, where permlL cosLs are lncreased and a porLlon of Lhe
revenue ls dlrecLed Lowards local lmprovemenLs such as sldewalks, llghLlng , and nearby amenlLles.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page J1 of 44
2.8. Support cyc||ng, |ow-carbon veh|c|es, and car-shar|ng
Þarklng pollcles play an lmporLanL role ln supporLlng cycllng, low-carbon vehlcles, and car-sharlng. 1hese areas are
addressed elsewhere ln Lhe plan. lor cycllng-relaLed parklng sLraLegles, see cyclloq lollcy 2.1. Car-sharlng and low-
carbon vehlcle parklng sLraLegles are covered laLer ln Lhls secLlon.
2.9. Support eff|c|ent |oad|ng and serv|c|ng
Þarklng plays a key role ln Lhe dellvery of goods and servlces. 1hls plan lncludes a number of acLlons Lo supporL
efflclenL loadlng and servlclng. lor deLalls, see Lhe CooJs, 5etvlces, ooJ ímetqeocy kespoose secLlon.
J. cAk-5nAklNC
Car-sharlng ls a sysLem where a fleeL of communal vehlcles ls made avallable Lo members ln convenlenL locaLlons. Whlle
members Lyplcally pay a small monLhly admlnlsLraLlon fee Lo cover some of Lhe flxed cosLs, mosL usage cosLs are pald on a
per-kllomeLre and/or per-hour basls. Car sharlng makes lL easler Lo go car llghL or car-free, helplng members save money
whlle sLlll havlng access Lo a car when Lhey really need one. Car sharlng also provldes members wlLh flexlblllLy, slnce Lhey
can access dlfferenL Lypes of vehlcle dependlng on Lhelr need.
Car sharlng also reduces Lhe number of cars on Lhe road, freelng up road space for oLher uses. Surveys lndlcaLe LhaL more
Lhan one ln flve members glve up a car, and more Lhan Lhree ln Len avold buylng a car alLogeLher. Cne shared vehlcle
Lyplcally replaces up Lo 20 personally owned vehlcles.
3.1. Support |ncreased car-shar|ng
vancouver ls a norLh Amerlcan car-sharlng leader, wlLh Lhree organlzaLlons currenLly provldlng servlce locally, and
over 700 cars dlsLrlbuLed LhroughouL Lhe clLy. CurrenLly, Lhe clLy supporLs car sharlng by allowlng developers Lo
replace 3 parklng spaces wlLh 1 car share space ln some new developmenLs. 1he ClLy also reserves on-sLreeL parklng
spaces for car-share vehlcles.
1he ClLy also supporLs convenLlonal and peer-Lo-peer rlde sharlng programs. MosL cars on Lhe road Loday have only
a slngle occupanL.
Act|ons
3.1.1. Lxpand requlremenLs and lncenLlves for car-sharlng ln new developmenLs.
3.1.2. ConLlnue Lo make prlorlLy on-sLreeL locaLlons avallable for car-sharlng, aL markeL raLes.
3.1.3. SupporL clLywlde dlsLrlbuLlon of car-share vehlcles wlLh focus aL or near ma[or LranslL exchanges.
3.1.4. AdopL parklng deslgn guldellnes for larger developmenLs LhaL enable non-resldenLs Lo access on-slLe car-
sharlng vehlcles.



TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page J2 of 44
4. O1ník uíMANu MANACíMíN1 1OOl5
Mlnlmlzlng unnecessary drlvlng Lrlps reduces auLomoblle congesLlon and lmproves Lrafflc flow for goods and servlces ln Lhe
process. Many of Lhe dlrecLlons conLalned ln Lhls plan are effecLlvely ºdemand managemenL" sLraLegles, slnce Lhey make
alLernaLlves Lo drlvlng more appeallng.
4.1. Support emp|oyer-, |nst|tut|ona|- and d|str|ct-based transportat|on demand management programs
1ransporLaLlon uemand ManagemenL (1uM) programs are a way for buslnesses and oLher lnsLlLuLlons Lo encourage
reduced drlvlng ln a comprehenslve manner. 1hey employ mulLlple sLraLegles whlch are complemenLary and
coordlnaLed, and Lyplcally lnclude lnlLlaLlves Lo lmprove Lravel cholce as well as lncenLlves Lo reduce auLomoblle
Lravel. A clear mandaLe, ongolng lnsLlLuLlonal supporL, effecLlve markeLlng, and a commlLmenL Lo monlLorlng resulLs
are lmporLanL parLs of a successful 1uM program.
ln recenL years, Lhe ClLy has demonsLraLed leadershlp by lmplemenLlng a coordlnaLed program encouraglng ClLy Pall
campus employees Lo reduce auLomoblle Lrlps. Measures lnclude charglng for parklng, and uslng Lhe revenue Lo
provlde LranslL pass dlscounLs and acLlve LransporLaLlon lncenLlves. AcLlve LransporLaLlon end-of-Lrlp faclllLles have
also been slgnlflcanLly lmproved. 1he ClLy wlll conLlnue Lo show corporaLe leadershlp and supporL lnlLlaLlves from
oLher groups and organlzaLlons. Whlle 1uM programs are Lyplcally lnsLlLuLed by large companles and lnsLlLuLlons,
creaLlve approaches could faclllLaLe programs on a smaller scale, for example Lhrough 8lAs or sLraLa counclls.
Act|ons
4.1.1. SupporL programs LhaL help large employers, lnsLlLuLlons, sLraLa counclls, and oLhers develop sLraLegles Lo
help reduce moLor vehlcle Lrlps, and Lo encourage Lrlps by walklng, cycllng, and LranslL.
4.1.2. uemonsLraLe leadershlp by provldlng a LransporLaLlon demand managemenL program Lo all ClLy employees,
and by sharlng sLraLegles and resulLs wlLh oLhers.
4.1.3. SupporL a 8lA-led plloL Lo enable small buslnesses Lo share resources ln developlng a dlsLrlcL 1uM program.
4.1.4. SupporL programs such as 1ransLlnk's 1ravelSmarL LhaL provlde personallzed Lravel programs, advlce, and
supporL Lo resldenLs, schools, and workplaces.
4.2. Support reg|ona| road or congest|on pr|c|ng, w|th revenue d|rected towards trans|t |mprovements
Some clLles have lmplemenLed sysLem-wlde road prlclng Lo reduce general auLomoblle congesLlon, lmprove Lrafflc
flow for goods and servlces, and help pay for LranslL lmprovemenLs. 1he ClLy ls supporLlve of Lhls approach for Lhe
MeLro vancouver reglon, provlded lL ls done ln an equlLable fashlon and brlngs subsLanLlal LranslL capaclLy
lmprovemenLs. See Lhe 1tooslt secLlon for more deLalls.
Act|on
4.2.1. SupporL reglonal road prlclng Lo reduce congesLlon and help fund LranslL and oLher susLalnable LransporLaLlon
lmprovemenLs.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - |DTDF 7EHÌCLES - 2012·06·01 - Page JJ of 44
4.3. Support pay-as-you-dr|ve |nsurance programs that reward dr|vers for dr|v|ng |ess
AuLomoblle lnsurance ln 8C ls currenLly a flxed, sunk cosL for drlvers. Slnce Lhe prlce of lnsurance does noL vary wlLh
Lhe amounL drlven, drlvers have an lncenLlve Lo drlve more ln order Lo ºgeL Lhelr money's worLh". Þay-as-you-drlve
(ÞA?u) ls a dlsLance-based approach Lo auLo lnsurance premlums, where drlvers pay less when Lhey drlve less slnce
longer-dlsLance drlvlng corresponds wlLh lncreased exposure Lo crashes. AdvocaLes esLlmaLe LhaL lL could reduce
average annual mlleage 3-13° ln 8C, and reduce Lrafflc-relaLed casualLles by 12-13°.
Act|on
4.3.1. SupporL a plloL program for pay-as-you-drlve or dlsLance-based lnsurance premlums.
5. lOw cAk8ON vínlclí5
Lven wlLh an lncrease ln walklng, cycllng, and LranslL, Lhere wlll sLlll be cars on Lhe road for Lhe foreseeable fuLure.
Wldespread adopLlon of low- and zero-emlsslons vehlcles wlll be crlLlcal Lo meeLlng our greenhouse gas reducLlon LargeLs,
and ensurlng a cleaner, greener fuLure. 1he ClLy wlll supporL and bulld upon Lhe acLlons esLabllshed Lhrough lLs
parLlclpaLlon ln Þro[ecL CeL 8eady, a mulLl-sLakeholder non-proflL lnlLlaLlve Lo faclllLaLe Lhe upLake of low carbon vehlcle
Lechnologles.
S.1. Þrov|de charg|ng |nfrastructure to support e|ectr|c veh|c|es
ConvenlenL charglng lnfrasLrucLure musL be ln place for elecLrlc vehlcles Lo become a pracLlcal alLernaLlve Lo a
convenLlonal auLomoblle.
Act|ons
3.1.1. ConLlnue Lo requlre all new developmenLs Lo lnclude elecLrlc vehlcle charglng lnfrasLrucLure.
3.1.2. uevelop reLroflL programs Lo faclllLaLe charglng lnfrasLrucLure ln exlsLlng bulldlngs.
3.1.3. ÞarLner wlLh prlvaLe lndusLry Lo provlde charglng locaLlons ln reLall locaLlons, exlsLlng parklng loLs, and oLher
under-uLlllzed land.
S.2. Support ear|y dep|oyment of e|ectr|c veh|c|es
1he ClLy wlll conLlnue Lo demonsLraLe leadershlp by encouraglng Lhe upLake of low-carbon vehlcles ln car-sharlng
programs, and by lnLegraLlng elecLrlc vehlcles lnLo lLs own operaLlons where pracLlcal. L-blkes and scooLers could
also play larger role ln Lhe fuLure LransporLaLlon mlx.
Act|ons
3.2.1. SupporL Lhe adopLlon of low carbon and elecLrlc vehlcle Lechnology for car-sharlng vehlcles.
3.2.2. ConverL Lhe ClLy's own fleeL Lo plug-ln elecLrlc, hybrld, or fuel cell vehlcles as feaslble.
3.2.3. CreaLe opporLunlLles for low carbon vehlcles, lncludlng elecLrlc scooLers, Lo park ln Lhe clLy.



TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CDD0S, SEF7ÌCES, E E|EFCENCY FESPDNSE - 2012·06·01 - Page J4 of 44
GCCDS, SLkVICLS, LMLkGLNC¥ kLSÞCNSL, AND CCMMLkCIAL
1kANSI1

5oppott o tbtlvloq ecooomy ooJ voocoovet´s tole os o mojot pott ooJ loclflc qotewoy
wblle moooqloq eovltoomeotol ooJ oelqbbootbooJ lmpocts teloteJ to qooJs ooJ
setvlces movemeot. Molotolo effectlve emetqeocy tespoose tlmes fot pollce, flte, ooJ
ombolooce setvlces.

ÞCLICILS A1 A GLANCL

1. keg|ona| and 8eyond Goods and Serv|ces
1.1. ÞroLecL and lmprove rall corrldors for goods and passenger movemenL
1.2. SupporL porL-relaLed Lruck movemenL on key reglonal rouLes
1.3. SupporL ÞorL MeLro vancouver efforLs Lo reduce porL-relaLed envlronmenLal and Lrafflc lmpacLs
1.4. SupporL ?v8 as a prlmary alr gaLeway
2. Loca| Goods and Serv|ces Movement
2.1. MalnLaln an efflclenL neLwork of deslgnaLed Lruck rouLes
2.2. Þrovlde for efflclenL loadlng and unloadlng
2.3. SupporL low lmpacL goods and servlces movemenL and dellvery
2.4. SupporL local producLlon and dlsLrlbuLlon Lo reduce Lhe need for large-scale LransporL
3. Lmergency kesponders
3.1. Conslder emergency vehlcle access ln sLreeL deslgns and Lrafflc calmlng measures
3.2. Þrovlde up-Lo-daLe, readlly accesslble lnformaLlon on Lrafflc calmlng measures and closures
4. 1ax|s and Commerc|a| 1rans|t
4.1. SupporL lmproved movemenL and loadlng for Laxls and commerclal LranslL
4.2. SupporL conLlnued elecLrlflcaLlon of Lhe Laxl fleeL
4.3. SupporL safe use of Laxls for persons wlLh dlsablllLles
4.4. SupporL lmproved lnLer-reglonal commerclal LranslL

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CDD0S, SEF7ÌCES, E E|EFCENCY FESPDNSE - 2012·06·01 - Page J5 of 44
ÞCLICILS AND AC1ICNS IN DL1AIL
1. kíClONAl & 8í¥ONu COOu5 & 5íkvlcí5 MOvíMíN1
vancouver ls a porL clLy and Canada's premler Asla-Þaclflc gaLeway. Large-scale, hlgh-volume, long-dlsLance goods and
servlces movemenL plays an lmporLanL role ln Lhe provlnclal and naLlonal economy, and wlll conLlnue Lo be a hlgh prlorlLy
for Lhe clLy.
1.1. Þrotect and |mprove ra|| corr|dors for goods and passenger movement
8all ls Lhe mosL efflclenL and envlronmenLally-frlendly way Lo move goods and people over land over long dlsLances,
buL lnfrasLrucLure boLLlenecks llmlL boLh rellablllLy and Lhe poLenLlal for modal shlfL. 1he ClLy wlll proLecL exlsLlng rall
corrldors and supporL measures Lo lncrease rall capaclLy and rellablllLy. 8all grade separaLlon sLraLegles should be
seen as opporLunlLles Lo lmprove pedesLrlan and cycllng rouLe connecLlvlLy, parLlcularly ln Lhe lalse Creek llaLs area.
Act|ons
1.1.1. lmplemenL Lhe 8urrard lnleL Llne 8all Crade SeparaLlon SLraLegy.
1.1.2. uevelop and lmplemenL long-Lerm rall corrldor sLraLegles Lo lncrease capaclLy and rellablllLy for lalse Creek
llaLs, Lhe Crandvlew CuL, and Lhe norLh shore of Lhe lraser 8lver.
1.1.3. SupporL lmprovemenLs Lo Lhe reglonal rall neLwork Lo address ma[or boLLlenecks such as Lhe new
WesLmlnsLer 8all 8rldge.
1.2. Support Þort-re|ated truck movement on key reg|ona| routes
1ruck rouLes LhaL dlrecLly serve Lhe ÞorL are especlally lmporLanL Lo Lhe reglonal and naLlonal economles. 1he ClLy
wlll sLrlve Lo ensure Lhese rouLes are as efflclenL for Lruck movemenL as posslble, wlLhouL compromlslng safeLy for
pedesLrlans and oLher road users.
Act|ons
1.2.1. AdvocaLe for Lhe ÞorL Lo re-open Clark urlve as Lhe prlmary norLh-souLh access polnL for ÞorL faclllLles, and Lo
malnLaln McClll Avenue as Lhe prlmary easLern access polnL.
1.2.2. ConLlnue Lo work wlLh Lhe ÞorL Lo ldenLlfy boLLlenecks on key reglonal movemenL corrldors and develop
sLraLegles Lo address lssues as needed.
1.3. Support Þort Metro Vancouver efforts to reduce env|ronmenta| and traff|c |mpacts
Many of Lhe blggesL opporLunlLles Lo reduce ÞorL-relaLed envlronmenLal and Lrafflc lmpacLs lle wlLhln Lhe ÞorL's
[urlsdlcLlon. 1he ClLy wlll supporL ÞorL MeLro vancouver efforLs ln Lhls regard, lncludlng: uslng shore power for
berLhed vessels, explorlng shorL-sea shlpplng as an alLernaLlve Lo reduce Lruck Lrlps, uslng Lhe conLalner Lruck
llcenslng sysLem Lo requlre lmproved efflclency, safeLy, and envlronmenLal performance for Lrucks uslng Lhe porL,
and explorlng lower emlsslons rall Lechnology and larger rall vehlcle carrylng capaclLy.
Act|on
1.3.1. SupporL ÞorL MeLro vancouver lnlLlaLlves LhaL reduce envlronmenLal and Lrafflc lmpacLs.
1.4. Support Vancouver Internat|ona| A|rport as 8r|t|sh Co|umb|a's pr|mary a|r gateway
1he ClLy supporLs Lhe vancouver lnLernaLlonal AlrporL's role as Lhe prlmary alr gaLeway for boLh passengers and
cargo ln 8rlLlsh Columbla. 1he openlng of Lhe Canada Llne ln 2009 has slgnlflcanLly lmproved LranslL access for alrporL
vlslLors and employees allke, lmprovlng Canada Llne connecLlons Lo Lhe resL of Lhe rapld LranslL neLwork wlll enhance
reglonal connecLlvlLy even furLher.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CDD0S, SEF7ÌCES, E E|EFCENCY FESPDNSE - 2012·06·01 - Page J6 of 44
Act|ons
1.4.1. SupporL new and lmproved connecLlons beLween Lhe Canada Llne and Lhe resL of Lhe reglonal rapld LranslL
neLwork.
1.4.2. Conslder alrporL needs on ma[or LranslL and road neLwork corrldors connecLlng Lo Lhe alrporL, lncludlng Lhe
Canada Llne, and Camble, Cak, and Cranvllle sLreeLs.
2. lOcAl COOu5 & 5íkvlcí5 MOvíMíN1
Whlle large-scale porL-relaLed goods movemenL deservedly geLs much of Lhe aLLenLlon, smaller scale local movemenLs and
dellverles are key parLs of a Lhrlvlng local economy and hlgh quallLy of llfe. 1he ClLy also has more dlrecL opporLunlLles Lo
lnfluence Lhls scale of goods movemenL Lo maxlmlze efflclencles and reduce lmpacLs.
2.1. Ma|nta|n an eff|c|ent network of des|gnated truck routes
1he ClLy wlll conLlnue Lo provlde a robusL and flexlble grld of Lruck rouLes LhaL supporLs rellablllLy and efflclency
whlle mlnlmlzlng lmpacLs on any one parLlcular sLreeL.
Act|ons
2.1.1. MonlLor Lhe local Lruck neLwork wlLhln Lhe clLy and ldenLlfy opporLunlLles Lo lmprove rellablllLy.
2.2. Þrov|de for eff|c|ent |oad|ng and un|oad|ng
lor goods and servlces Lo be dellvered efflclenLly, access Lo desLlnaLlons and sufflclenL space for loadlng and
unloadlng are crlLlcal. 1he ClLy wlll work Lo maxlmlze loadlng zone efflclency, and conLlnue Lo conslder access and
loadlng requlremenLs when revlewlng new bulldlngs and deslgnlng sLreeLs, plazas, blcycle lanes, and Lrafflc calmlng
measures.
Act|ons
2.2.1. 8evlew loadlng zone pollcles Lo ensure efflclenL and approprlaLe shorL-Lerm use, and conslder Lhe followlng
lnLervenLlons as approprlaLe:
a. revlewlng and revlslng ellglblllLy crlLerla for commerclal vehlcle permlLs wlLh prlorlLy for cargo carrylng
Lrucks and courlers,
b. lncreaslng enforcemenL,
c. lnLroduclng pald loadlng zones, wlLh Lhe poLenLlal for varlable raLe sLrucLures Lo promoLe Lurnover, and
d. provldlng addlLlonal loadlng zones where requlred.
2.2.2. 8evlse parklng requlremenLs for new developmenL Lo ensure sufflclenL off-sLreeL loadlng spaces for smaller
servlce and dellvery vehlcles.
2.2.3. Lnsure commerclal laneways conLlnue Lo supporL efflclenL goods movemenL.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CDD0S, SEF7ÌCES, E E|EFCENCY FESPDNSE - 2012·06·01 - Page J7 of 44
2.3. Support |ow-|mpact goods and serv|ces movement and de||very
1here ls Lremendous opporLunlLy Lo efflclenLly dellver goods and servlces ln quleLer and less polluLlng ways,
especlally aL Lhe small scale and ln urban envlronmenLs. 1he ClLy wlll supporL low-lmpacL ways Lo dellver goods and
servlces, lncludlng acLlve LransporLaLlon (such as cargo blkes), low-carbon Lruck fleeLs, and shorL-haul elecLrlc and
elecLrlc-asslsL vehlcles, rall, and shlp.
Act|ons
2.3.1. SupporL sLraLegles Lo faclllLaLe efflclenL low-lmpacL urban goods and servlces movemenL, lncludlng
conslderaLlon of:
a. "hub and spoke" dellvery models lncorporaLlng urban frelghL consolldaLlon cenLres,
b. flexlble loadlng opLlons for cycle-based and oLher small-scale vehlcles, and
c. rlghL-slzlng of servlce and dellvery vehlcles.
2.3.2. ConLlnue Lo demonsLraLe corporaLe leadershlp ln procuremenL and operaLlons by uslng low-lmpacL
approaches for ClLy-relaLed servlces and dellverles.
2.3.3. Lxplore opporLunlLles Lo opLlmlze servlces LhaL occur ln laneways, Lo reduce Lhe fooLprlnL for wasLe and
recycllng collecLlon.
2.4. Support |oca| product|on and d|str|but|on to reduce the need for |arge-sca|e transport
Cne of Lhe besL ways Lo reduce Lhe negaLlve lmpacLs of large-scale goods movemenL ls Lo reduce long-dlsLance Lrlps.
1he ClLy wlll supporL local producLlon and dlsLrlbuLlon Lo reduce Lhe need for LransporL of goods Lhrough, for
example: preservlng lndusLrlal land and enabllng small-scale manufacLurlng ln some areas of Lhe clLy, bulk
purchaslng opporLunlLles Lo brlng LogeLher and supporL local producers (lncludlng communlLy shared agrlculLure),
and food producLlon ln Lhe clLy, lncludlng roof-Lop gardens and urban agrlculLure.
Act|on
2.4.1. ConLlnue supporLlng local producLlon and dlsLrlbuLlon Lhrough measures lncludlng Lhe preservaLlon of
lndusLrlal land, enabllng small-scale manufacLurlng ln some areas of Lhe clLy, and supporLlng local urban
agrlculLure.

TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CDD0S, SEF7ÌCES, E E|EFCENCY FESPDNSE - 2012·06·01 - Page J8 of 44
J. íMíkCíNc¥ kí5lON5í
ln an emergency, every second counLs. lL ls crlLlcal LhaL pollce, flre, ambulance, and oLher emergency provlders can reach
Lhelr desLlnaLlons ln a Llmely fashlon. AL Lhe same Llme, efforLs Lo mlnlmlze response Llmes should noL sacrlflce Lrafflc
calmlng and oLher measures lnLended Lo reduce crashes, lncrease safeLy, enhance llvablllLy and encourage acLlve
LransporLaLlon.
3.1. Cons|der emergency veh|c|e access |n street des|gns and traff|c ca|m|ng measures
LffecLlve sLreeLs deslgns and Lrafflc calmlng measures reduce Lhe number and severlLy of crashes. Lmergencles sLlll
occur, however, and lL ls lmporLanL Lo malnLaln nelghbourhood access for emergency servlces.
Act|ons
3.1.1. Work wlLh emergency responders when developlng new Lrafflc calmlng plans and deslgns.
3.1.2. Work wlLh emergency responders Lo deslgnaLe prlmary emergency response rouLes where cerLaln Lrafflc
calmlng measures wlll noL be lmplemenLed.
3.2. Þrov|de up-to-date, read||y-access|b|e |nformat|on on traff|c ca|m|ng measures and c|osures
Lmergency response suffers when servlce provlders lack lnformaLlon on Lrafflc calmlng measures, road closures, and
oLher deLours. Maklng Lhls lnformaLlon readlly avallable can save llves by reduclng Lhe Llme Lo respond Lo an
emergency.
Act|on
3.2.1. MalnLaln and make avallable Lo emergency servlce provlders an lnvenLory of Lrafflc calmlng measures, road
closures, and oLher deLours.


TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - CDD0S, SEF7ÌCES, E E|EFCENCY FESPDNSE - 2012·06·01 - Page J9 of 44
4. 1A\l5 & cOMMíkclAl 1kAN5l1
1axls and oLher commerclal LransporLaLlon provlders are an lmporLanL parL of Lhe LransporLaLlon sysLem for boLh resldenLs
and vlslLors. 8y provldlng a flexlble alLernaLlve when walklng, cycllng, and publlc LranslL are noL opLlons, Lhey help Lo flll a
gap and reduce dependency on Lhe prlvaLe auLomoblle. Commerclal LransporL also plays a key role ln longer Lrlps,
parLlcularly Lhose LhaL exLend beyond Lhe reglon's boundarles.
4.1. Support |mproved movement and |oad|ng for tax|s and commerc|a| trans|t
1axls help reduce dependency on Lhe prlvaLe auLomoblle by provldlng a flexlble alLernaLlve when walklng, cycllng,
and LranslL are noL vlable opLlons. 1he ClLy supporLs glvlng Laxls prlorlLy over general Lrafflc provlded lL does noL
hlnder publlc LranslL servlce or compromlse publlc safeLy.
Act|ons
4.1.1. ÞlloL and evaluaLe a program LhaL allows Laxls Lo Lravel ln bus lanes.
4.1.2. ConLlnue Lo faclllLaLe Laxl loadlng and unloadlng aL hlgh-demand locaLlons.
4.1.3. SupporL lncorporaLlng Laxls lnLo 1ransLlnk's smarLcard sysLem.
4.2. Support cont|nued e|ectr|f|cat|on of the tax| f|eet
vancouver's Laxl lndusLry demonsLraLed leadershlp by embraclng hybrld Lechnologles early on. 1he ClLy supporLs
conLlnued lnnovaLlon uslng elecLrlc and oLher low- or zero-emlsslons Lechnologles.
Act|on
4.2.1. Þrovlde convenlenL access Lo elecLrlc vehlcle charglng locaLlons across Lhe clLy.
4.3. Support safe use of tax|s for persons w|th d|sab|||t|es
ConvenLlonal LranslL servlce ls noL always an opLlon for some persons wlLh dlsablllLles, and PandyuarL servlce can be
lmpracLlcal when Lrlps need Lo be made on shorL noLlce. 1axls can flll an lmporLanL servlce gap, provldlng a flexlble
servlce wlLh poLenLlally reduced operaLlonal cosLs.
1ransLlnk already uses Laxls for llmlLed paraLranslL servlce Lhrough lLs 1axlSaver Þrogram. See Lhe 1tooslt secLlon for
addlLlonal pollcles and acLlons on LranslL accesslblllLy.
Act|on
4.3.1. 8equlre Laxl drlver educaLlon, Lralnlng, and LesLlng Lo ensure safe handllng of cusLomers wlLh dlsablllLles.
4.4. Support |mproved |nter-reg|ona| commerc|a| trans|t
1he ClLy supporLs lmproved commerclal LranslL connecLlons Lo cenLres ouLslde Lhe reglon-lncludlng vancouver
lsland, WhlsLler, SeaLLle, ÞorLland, and beyond. lmproved passenger rall, bus and ferry servlce, and seaplane
connecLlons provlde aLLracLlve and poLenLlally less expenslve opLlons Lo drlvlng, whlle supporLlng local Lourlsm and
buslness.
Act|on
4.4.1. Work wlLh 1ransLlnk, Lhe Þrovlnce, and oLher governmenL agencles Lo lmprove lnLer-reglonal LranslL servlces,
lncludlng heavy passenger rall, ferry, coach, and alr.



TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - LAN0 USE - 2012·06·01 - Page 40 of 44
LAND USL

5oppott sbottet ttlps ooJ sostolooble ttoospottotloo cbolces tbtooqb mlxeJ looJ ose,
peJesttloo-otleoteJ Jeslqo, Jeosltles tbot soppott wolkloq, cyclloq, ooJ ttooslt, ooJ oew
boosloq cbolces tbot pot teslJeots close to jobs, scbools, tecteotloo, ooJ ttooslt.


ÞCLICILS A1 A GLANCL

1. Land Use D|rect|ons
1.1. ÞrlorlLlze and encourage denslLy and a dlverse mlx of servlces, amenlLles, [obs, and houslng Lypes ln areas well-
served by frequenL, hlgh-capaclLy LranslL
1.2. LocaLe ma[or Lrlp generaLors near rapld LranslL sLaLlons or along LranslL corrldors
1.3. Lncourage bulldlng deslgns LhaL conLrlbuLe Lo a publlc realm LhaL feels safe and lnLeresLlng Lo walk ln
2. Infrastructure Þr|or|t|zat|on
2.1. ÞrlorlLlze ClLy LransporLaLlon lnfrasLrucLure lnvesLmenLs ln areas where denslLy and land use opLlmlze susLalnable
LransporLaLlon cholces













TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - LAN0 USE - 2012·06·01 - Page 41 of 44
1. lANu u5í ulkíc1lON5
Land use and LransporLaLlon are closely connecLed, and good land use declslons have been and wlll conLlnue Lo be a huge
parL of vancouver's LransporLaLlon successes. 1he bullL envlronmenL lnfluences Lravel behavlour ln a number of ways, ofLen
refered Lo as Lhe º3 us of Lhe 8ullL LnvlronmenL":
• uestlootloos - locaLlng ma[or desLlnaLlons and cenLres aL rapld LranslL sLaLlons or along corrldors make Lhem
easy Lo serve efflclenLly by frequenL LranslL,
• ulstooce - a well-connecLed, flne-gralned pedesLrlan neLwork enables shorLer, more dlrecL walklng
connecLlons and ls easler Lo serve cosL-effecLlvely wlLh LranslL,
• ueoslty - hlgher levels of resldenLlal and employmenL denslLy supporL more local amenlLles and [usLlfy hlgh
levels of LranslL servlce,
• ulvetslty - a dlverse mlx of land uses and houslng Lypes makes lL easler Lo llve, work, shop, and play wlLhouL
havlng Lo Lravel far, and
• ueslqo - bulldlngs LhaL are deslgned Lo prlorlLlze pedesLrlans conLrlbuLe Lo a publlc realm LhaL feels lnLeresLlng
and safe Lo walk and cycle ln
Slnce Lhls ls noL a land use plan, Lhls secLlon does noL conLaln any speclflc acLlons, buL only hlgh level dlrecLlons lnLended Lo
help gulde fuLure land use plans and declslons Lo supporL susLalnable LransporLaLlon cholces.
1.1. Þr|or|t|ze and encourage dens|ty and a d|verse m|x of serv|ces, amen|t|es, [obs, and hous|ng types |n
areas we||-served by frequent, h|gh-capac|ty trans|t
Areas LhaL can be well-served by LranslL have greaLer capaclLy for people and [obs, so lL makes sense Lo conslder
hlgher denslLy developmenLs ln Lhese areas. AL Lhe same Llme, sLaLlon areas are noL all Lhe same, so lL ls lmporLanL
Lo recognlze local conLexL, lncludlng nelghbourhood characLer, Lhe need for lndusLrlal land, and so on.
A dlverse land use mlx ls also lmporLanL, slnce lL brlngs people closer Lo Lhelr dally desLlnaLlons, reduclng Lhe
dlsLances people Lravel and supporLlng more susLalnable cholces llke walklng and cycllng. A dlverslLy of houslng
cholces and Lenures, lncludlng affordable and famlly houslng, ls especlally lmporLanL near hlgh capaclLy LranslL, slnce
Lhese areas are less car dependenL. 8esldenLs who forgo car ownershlp can apply Lhe resulLlng savlngs-whlch can
amounL Lo $10,000 or more per year -Lo houslng or oLher expenses. 1he savlngs lncrease furLher when resldenLs
are glven a cholce noL Lo purchase parklng Lhey don'L need. ln effecL, more money ls avallable Lo spend on houslng
LhaL cosLs less.
1.2. Locate ma[or tr|p generators near rap|d trans|t stat|ons or a|ong trans|t corr|dors
An efflclenL LranslL corrldor connecLs mulLlple hlgh demand locaLlons along a reasonably dlrecL llne. lor Lhe
cusLomer, Lhe LranslL Lrlps become more compeLlLlve slnce lL ls percelved as a dlrecL rouLe beLween any Lwo polnLs
on Lhe llne. lor Lhe LranslL provlder, more desLlnaLlons and rlders can be capLured ln fewer kllomeLres Lravelled
leadlng Lo more cosL-effecLlve servlce provlslon
LocaLlng ma[or desLlnaLlons aL rapld LranslL sLaLlons or along frequenL LranslL corrldors make Lhem easy Lo serve
efflclenLly by frequenL LranslL. As a resulL, fewer Lrlps need Lo be made by auLomoblle.
1.3. Des|gn bu||d|ngs to contr|bute to a pub||c rea|m that fee|s |nterest|ng and safe to wa|k |n
Well-deslgned bulldlngs help Lo lncrease Lhe safeLy and aLLracLlveness of Lhe sLreeL envlronmenL, and can sLrongly
lnfluence wheLher someone chooses Lo walk, cycle, Lake LranslL or drlve. lnLlmaLely-scaled bulldlngs malnLaln vlsual
lnLeresL for pedesLrlans and cycllsLs who are Lravellng aL relaLlvely slow speeds. AcLlve fronLages wlLh many wlndows
and doors creaLe ºeyes on Lhe sLreeL", lncreaslng feellngs of personal securlLy. 1he ClLy wlll conLlnue Lo lmplemenL
deslgn guldellnes for new bulldlngs LhaL supporL an lnLeresLlng, pedesLrlan-scaled sLreeLscape, and pursue measures
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - LAN0 USE - 2012·06·01 - Page 42 of 44
Lo consolldaLe drlveways and locaLe moLor vehlcle access polnLs ln lanes and away from blcycle rouLes and
pedesLrlan paLhs wherever posslble.

2. lNlkA51kuc1ukí lklOkl1l2A1lON
1he plan supporLs flscal responslblllLy, prlorlLlzlng lnvesLmenLs where Lhe greaLesL beneflLs can be achleved.
2.1. Þr|or|t|ze C|ty transportat|on |nfrastructure |nvestments |n areas where dens|ty and |and use opt|m|ze
susta|nab|e transportat|on cho|ces
Areas wlLh hlgher denslLles generaLe more Lrlps and requlre hlgher levels of servlce. ÞrlorlLlzlng lnvesLmenLs Lo
supporL walklng, cycllng, and LranslL ln Lhese areas beneflL more people overall.
TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - SPECÌAL STU0Y AFEAS - 2012·06·01 - Page 4J of 44
SÞLCIAL ÞkCILC1 & S1UD¥ AkLAS

1ransporLaLlon challenges can be complex, wlLh mulLlple and someLlmes compeLlng ob[ecLlves. 1he areas llsLed below
requlre more deLalled sLudy, and Lhe dlrecLlons wlll be lnformed by Lhe hlgh level pollcles lald ouL ln Lhe LransporLaLlon
plan.

lu1uk£

1. 8C8SCn SCuA8L / S18LL1
• Cb[ecLlve: creaLe a cenLral clvlc plaza and lmprove walklng condlLlons ln one of Lhe clLy's buslesL pedesLrlan areas.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: closlng 8obson Square Lo cars seasonally or year round, wlLh opLlons Lo elLher
allow LranslL Lhrough or rerouLe lL, and ellmlnaLlng rush regulaLlons on 8obson SLreeL Lo allow for permanenL
parklng, wlder sldewalks, parklng-Lo-parkleLs, and so on.

2. ÞCln1 C8L? 8CAu / CC8nWALL
• Cb[ecLlve: provlde hlgh quallLy pedesLrlan and cycllng faclllLles Lo address a mlsslng llnk ln Lhe AAA seawall
neLwork, lmprove AAA cycllng connecLlons wlLh Lhe 8urrard 8rldge, and address hlgh colllslon locaLlons for cycllsLs.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: uslng sLreeL end closures and dlverLers Lo reduce moLor vehlcle volumes and
speeds on ÞolnL Crey 8oad, lmprove blke and pedesLrlan connecLlons, and slgnlflcanLly enhance local parks by
llnklng Lhem wlLh new publlc spaces across Lhe rlghL-of-way.

3. lALSL C8LLk C8CSSlnCS
• Cb[ecLlve: make lL safer, more accesslble, and more convenlenL for pedesLrlans and cycllsLs Lo cross lalse Creek.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: reallocaLlng moLor vehlcle lanes wlLh spare capaclLy Lo allow for new or lmproved
pedesLrlan and cycllsL faclllLles for all Lhree lalse Creek brldges ln boLh dlrecLlons.

4. CCMML8ClAL u8lvL
• Cb[ecLlves: lmprove condlLlons for walklng and cycllng whlle enhanclng Lhe soclal and economlc vlbrancy of Lhe
urlve, malnLaln or lmprove rellablllLy of local bus servlce on one of Lhe clLy's hlghesL volume bus corrldors.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: separaLed blcycle lanes, removal of rush hour regulaLlons, wlder sldewalks and
reduced sldewalk cluLLer, on-sLreeL blke corrals, pop up cafes or parkleLs, and/or lmproved nelghbourhood parklng
managemenL.

3. klnCSWA? / MAln / CuL8LC
• Cb[ecLlves: develop a neLwork and deslgn sLraLegy Lo manage Lrafflc flows and volumes, enhance Lhe publlc realm,
and lmprove pedesLrlan and cycllng connecLlons.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: cancelllng planned norLh exLenslon of klngsway, revlewlng properLy holdlngs and
examlnlng connecLlvlLy needs Lo MounL ÞleasanL lndusLrlal area, upgradlng Lhe 10
Lh
Avenue blke rouLe, lmprovlng
Lhe klngsway sLreeLscape, creaLlng more safe pedesLrlan crosslngs across klngsway.

6. C8AnuvlLW Cu1 / 8nSl 8AlLWA?
• Cb[ecLlves: uevelop a sLraLegy Lo address long-Lerm needs for passenger and frelghL rall capaclLy and rellablllLy,
explore opporLunlLles Lo creaLe addlLlonal pedesLrlan and cycllng connecLlons across cuL.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: creaLlng rall over- or underpasses aL sLraLeglc polnLs Lo address plnch polnLs.

7. A88u1uS CC88luC8
• Cb[ecLlves: creaLe a corrldor plan LhaL lncorporaLes boLh an acLlve LransporLaLlon greenway as well as a fuLure
sLreeLcar or llghL rall connecLlon, lmprove easL-wesL pedesLrlan connecLlvlLy across Lhe corrldor.



TransportatIon Plan 2040 · 0raft 0IrectIons - SPECÌAL STU0Y AFEAS - 2012·06·01 - Page 44 of 44
8. SW MA8lnL u8lvL
• Cb[ecLlves: lmprove cycllng condlLlons whlle accommodaLlng exlsLlng Lruck movemenLs and fuLure LranslL rouLes,
lmprove norLh-souLh pedesLrlan connecLlvlLy.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: enhancemenLs Lo Lhe palnLed blke lanes on SW Marlne urlve as parL of repavlng

9. l8ASL8 8lvL8
• Cb[ecLlve: develop near- and long-Lerm vlslons for an acLlve LransporLaLlon greenway and LranslL corrldor, revlew
and lmprove sLreeL neLwork connecLlvlLy, 8evlew long-Lerm needs for frelghL and passenger movemenL, explore
poLenLlal for waLer LranslL, lncludlng docklng faclllLles.

uNu£k w4Y Ok cOMPL£1£

A. WA1L8l8Cn1 Pu8 (pollcy compleLe)
• Cb[ecLlve: develop a sLrucLure plan Lo lmprove WaLerfronL SLaLlon area as Lhe reglon's pre-emlnenL mulLl-modal
hub and LransporLaLlon gaLeway Lo Lhe clLy.
• Speclflc measures could lnclude: exLendlng Lhe seawall and road neLwork, lnLegraLlng wlLh Lhe fuLure downLown
sLreeLcar, maklng Lransfers easler, lmprovlng Lhe LranslL concourse and publlc realm, creaLlng opporLunlLles for
ad[acenL developmenL, and malnLalnlng or lncreaslng rall capaclLy.

8. vlAuuC1S
• Cb[ecLlve: explore opLlons Lo remove some or all of Lhe Ceorgla and uunsmulr vladucLs Lo repalr a ma[or hole ln
Lhe urban fabrlc, lmprove pedesLrlan and cycllsL condlLlons and unlock developmenL poLenLlal whlle managlng
Lrafflc lmpacLs.

C. LAS1L8n CC8L S18A1LC?
• Cb[ecLlves: supporL a comprehenslve land use vlslon and lmprove connecLlvlLy for all modes, especlally ln Lhe
norLh-souLh dlrecLlon, explore measures Lo lmprove rall capaclLy and rellablllLy for boLh frelghL and passenger
servlce.

u. 8u88A8u lnLL1 LlnL
• Cb[ecLlves: lmprove rall capaclLy and rellablllLy, lmprove acLlve LransporLaLlon connecLlvlLy across Lhe rall Lracks.
• Speclflc measures lnclude: creaLlng overpasses aL Þowell, Malkln, and unlon or venables, and CenLral valley
Creenway Lo lmprove rall capaclLy and closlng sLreeLs aL 8aymur, Clen, and Þarker sLreeLs, deslgnlng overpasses Lo
creaLe new AAA pedesLrlan and cycllsL connecLlons.