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1. Define a shared access path? To share the open data path by various programs in a same job. 2.

What is the difference between array and a multiple occurrence data structure ? The values stored in array don t vary. In the other hand, we can store the Different values in same variables at various stages. 3. What is *INZSR used for? It is special type of RPG/400 subroutine, which is executed automatically at beginning of the program. It is a good place to code initializes the variable s. 4. How can you execute a command from within an RPG program without calling a CL P program? By calling QCMDEXC application program interface we can execute a CL command wit h in an RPG program. 5. What is the purpose of the N C KEY CHAIN FILE N 99 in the following calculation specification?

If you specify N in 53rd position, the record will not be locked if you try to rea d the locked record. It is a way of avoiding the record lock. 6. Which of the following operations does NOT zero the field FLDA defined as 4,0 ? C C C C C C C C MOVE *ZEROS FLDA Z-ADD *ZEROS FLDA Z-ADD 0 FLDA MOVE *ALL 0' FLDA SUB FLDA FLDA MOVE 0000' FLDA CLEAR FLDA MOVE *BLANKS FLDA

The last instruction does NOT zero the field FLDA. 7. How can you check for a records existence without causing and I/O (CHAIN/READ )? With the help of File Information Data Structure, we can check existence of reco rds in a physical file. The code is described below: In File description continuation line (IPFK), KINFDS RCDS IRCDS DS I *RECORD #RCDS with the above code we can check the existence of records in a file without caus ing I/O operation. 8. Define what a data area is along with a brief example of what it may be used for? Data area is a storage area to store limited information. Example: a new and unique customer number is generated whenever a new customer i s added to customer master file. Data area keeps track of last record added and add 1 to it. Through program we c an access new customer number.

9. Define what a data queue is along with a brief example of what it may be used for? Data queues provides communication between programs by calling API s QSNDDTAQ and QRCVDTAQ along with parameters like data queue name, library in which data queue exists, variable to store the number of characters t o be sent, variable to store the information to be sent. We can send the same data queue to the many programs. 10. What is the purpose of the following? I CLOSED C STAT01 I OPEN C STAT02 It is a type of initializing the variables in I-spec. and these are further used in C-spec. 11. What is the difference between UDATE and the system date? UDATE supports two-digit year. The format is *MDY (MMDDYY). *DATE (system date) supports four digit year. The format is *MDYY (MMDDYYYY). 12. List some of the commonly used commands for debugging STRDBG(for batch jobs), STRISDB. 13. Define the RCVF command? RCVF command used to receive the records either from the data base file or devic e file. 14. Define the purpose of the %SST function? To extract the information from the specified string. 15. Define the purpose of the *CAT function? To concatenate the two strings into a one string. 16. Define the purpose of the *BCAT function? To concatenate the two strings by placing a single blank in a resultant. 17. Describe the difference between the DOWxx and DOUxx operations? DOWxx : If the condition becomes true, then only the group of instructions allow ed executing. DOUxx : Irrespective of condition, it will execute at least one time. 18. Define the purpose of the LEAVE operation? If you specify LEAVE, the control transfers to the statement below the ENDDO. 19. Define the purpose of the ITER operation? If you specify the ITER, the groups of statements are allowed to execute repeate dly. 20. List the steps/commands necessary to accomplish the following: a. Copy data from the file ORDHDR into file ORDHIST b. The file ORDHIST may or may not exist c. If the file ORDHDR does exist, it may or may not contain data d. The file ORDHIST may or may not contain data, if the file does contain data t he old data should be erased Commands: a. CPYF FILE(ORDHDR) TOFILE(ORDHIST) b. CPYF FILE (ORDHDR) TOFILE (ORDHIST) CRTFILE (*YES) c. CPYF FILE (ORDHDR) TOFILE (ORDHIST) *ADD d. CPYF FILE (ORDHDR) TOFILE (ORDHIST) *REPLACE PIQA Rotating Header Image AS-400 AS400 Interview Questions and answers Part II

Aug 8th, 2010 by admin. 21. What is the purpose of the following? FORDHDR1 IF E K DISK ORDHDRF KRENAMEORDHDRF1 In order to rename the record format of a data base file in a program, we can use the above steps. Purpose of renaming is: If the record format name is similar in two files and if both are used in a same program, the program will not compile. Hence we have to rename either of the file. 22. What is the purpose of the following C/COPY QRPGSRC,ORDERR During the compilation the source code of ORDERR copy book is copied into the ex isting program. Where as /COPY is compiler directive statement. 23. What is the purpose of the following FORDHDR1 CF E WORKSTN $2SFN SFILE FMT2 The above line indicates that, $2SFN is a relative record number and FMT2 is nam e of the subfile record format. 24. What is the purpose of the following I UDS I 1 60ORDER# I 7 90LINE# The purpose is to define the variables in I-Spec and these are further used in C -spec. Where as U indicates data area data structure? The above code is used to update the data area value through the program. The l etter U indicates that the defined data structure is a data area data structure. 25. What is the purpose of the following? A CSRLOC (F1ROW F1COL) Using this record level keyword, you can specify cursor location on an output op eration to the record format you are defining. The program sends output after setting the cursor location. 26. What is the difference between SFLCLR and SFLINZ? SFLCLR : It clears the subfile. SFLINZ : First it clears the subfile and initiliazing the numeric variables with zeros and alphanumeric variables with characters. 27. Define the purpose/use for SFLRNA? Using this, we can make specified subfile record format inactive. 28. Define what the operation will do, the purpose of the result field and the p urpose of *IN66? HI LO EQ C CALL CVTDAT DTPRM 66 The above statement causes, call the program and pass the parameter. 29. Define each of the following operation codes a. READ To read the records sequentially.

b. READE To read the equal key records c. READP To read the previous records d. READC To read the records from the workstation file (Subfile). e. REDEP To read the equal key previous records. 30. Define the purpose of the following code (If you know, how would this be wri tten in RPG ILE) HI LO EQ C *IN66 DOUEQ *OFF C KEY1 CHAIN FILEA 90 66 C 66 CALL PGM1 PRM C ENDDO Whenever the indicator *IN66 becomes *OFF, the control transfers after ENDDO sta tement. Otherwise, it reads the records from the data base file based on indicator specified on HI position. If the specified indicator on LO position becomes *OFF, then only CAL L statement will execute. 31. How do you set the keywords SFLSIZ and SFLPAG if you want the subfile to dyn amically expand? SFLSIZ > SFLPAG. 32. When would you use or not use this approach? It is the most desirable method in building a real time applications. We can use at all the times. 33. How can you detect and handle a record lock situation? If you try to read the locked record, we can get system defined message i. e. , the program will ended abnormally. With the help of File Information Data Structure we can handle record lock situ ation. Generally it will happen, when the same file of type U used in different programs. 34. How can you detect overflow for a print program that prints multiple lines p er cycle? You specify the indicators OA through OG and OV in 33 34 columns in a printer fi le. This indicator automatically set on whenever overflow occurs on a type of page. 35. How would you design the process for a nightly, high volume check producing process that needs to select only records that are flagged to be processed? With the help of OPNQRYF Clp command, we can select the records from the data ba se file. The process involves following steps: Steps: 1. OVRDBF with SHARE (*YES) 2. OPNQRYF 3. CALL the program 4. DLTOVR 5. CLOF 36. How would you join 3 separate fields, a first name, middle initial and last name together as 1 field with proper spacing? You can describe in either and/or RPG ILE (Integrated Language Environment) MOVE MOVE MOVE Dr. FNAME 3 JOHN MNAME 4 WATSON LNAME 6

FNAME CAT MNAME: 1 VAR1 8 VAR1 CAT LNAME:1 VAR2 15 DSPLY VAR2 MOVE *ON *INLR 37. When PGMA calls PGMB for the first time PGMB executes the *INZSR. PGMB uses the RETRN operation to return to PGMA. When PGMA call PGMB the second time is the *INZSR executed? If you specify RETRN in called program, the *INZSR will not execute again. 38. Show 2 ways to convert a date from YYMMDD to MMDDYY (MULT operation not acce ptable) 1) CVTDAT DATE() RTNVAR( ) FROMFMT( ) TOFMT( ) Source code is required to convert from one date format to another date format. The source code in CLP is given below: PGM DCL VAR(&VAR1) LENGTH(6) TYPE(*CHAR) VALUE( YYMMDD ) DCL VAR(&RCVD) LENGTH(6) TYPE(*CHAR) DCL VAR(&VAR2) LENGTH(4) TYPE(*CHAR) DCL VAR(&VAR3) LENGTH(2) TYPE(*CHAR) CHGVAR VAR(&VAR2) VALUE(%SST(&VAR1 3 4)) CHGVAR VAR(&VAR3) VALUE(%SST(&VAR1 1 2)) CHGVAR VAR(&RCVD) VALUE(&VAR2 *CAT &VAR3) SNDMSG MSG(&RCVD) TOUSR(*USRPRF) ENDPGM 39. Determine the value of the result field a. b. c. d. Cost = $110. 00 Tax = 20% MarkUp= 05% Sale = 10%

C Eval TotalCost = ((Cost * MarkUp) * Tax)) Sale = 1. 0$ 40. Define the purpose of Factor 1 the Operation Code and *IN15 in following cod e HI LO EQ C *YMD Test(D) yymmddDate 15 If the factor 1 value matches with factor2 value, the indicator specified in EQ comes *ON. 41. Describe the function of SETLL operation in RPG language? The SETLL operation positions a file at the next record with a key or relative r ecord number that is greater than or equal to key or relative record number specified in factor1. 42. Describe the function of SETGT operation in RPG language? The SETGT operation positions a file at the next record with a key or relative r ecord number that is greater than key or relative record number specified in factor 1. 43. What is the purpose of Level Check parameter in a Physical file?

Specifies whether the level identifiers of the record formats in the physical fi le are checked when the file is opened by the program. 44. Define a Job Queue? Job queues are queues of batch jobs waiting to be processed. 45. Define a Output Queue? Output queues are queues of jobs waiting to be printed. 46. What is the function of CPYSPLF command? It copies the spooled file to the data base file. 47. What is the function of CPYF command? To copy the data from the one file to another. 48. What is the function of CRTDUPOBJ command? To create the replica from the original object. 49. Define Subsystem? Subsystem is nothing but it provides specialized environment to complete the exe cution of jobs. 50. What are different types of Substems? QBATCH, QINTER, QSPL, QCMN, QCTL, QBASE. 51. Define a Batch Job? * A user request the job. * The job is created (job name is assigned, job attributes are allocated) * The job is placed on a job queue * The sub system QBATCH takes the job from job queue and starts it. * Output generated by the batch job is placed on an output queue. * The spool sub system prints the output on the output queue. 52. Describe about Query/400? Query/400 is a licensed program that uses a query to analyze and select the info rmation contained in the data base files and create a query report. A query report can be: * displayed on a workstation (screen) * printed * stored in another database file. 53. What is the CLP command to access a Query/400? WRKQRY 54. Purpose of Overrides? The basic purpose of Overrides is to temporarily change the attributes of a file . So you don t have to create permanent files for every combination of attributes your application might need. Overrides gives you the f lexibility to use existing model files and dynamically change their attributes. 55. Define Data Structure? Data structures are specified in the Input specifications of an RPG/400 program to define an area in storage and layouts of related sub fields. 56. What is the purpose of Data structure? * Divide a field in to sub fields * Change the format of a field * Group non-contiguous data in a contiguous format * Define an area of storage in more than one format * Define Multiple occurrences of data structures.

57. List and explain the different type of data structures? * Data area data structure When the data area is defined in an RPG/400 program as a data area data structur e, its data is implicitly retrieved for processing and written back at the end of the program. In the data area data structure, letter U must be entered to define the data structure as a data area data structure. * File information data structure A file information data structure provides exception/error information that may be occurred when processing a file during program execution. This type of data structure contains pre defined sub fields that identify * The name of the file for which the error occurred * The record processed when the error occurred * The operation being processed when the error occurred * The status code number * The RPG/400 routine in which the error occurred. Exception errors may be controlled by testing for an error code in the *STATUS f ield which is included in a file information data structure. Specifically, keywords including *FILE, *RECORD, *OPCODE, *STATUS, *ROUTINE prov ide the previously named information. * Program status data structure Program status data structure however identity exception/errors that are generat ed in the program by RPG/400 operations and not by a file. Note that any code greater than 00099 is flagged as an exception/error. Four ke ywords *STATUS, *ROUTINE, *PROGRAM, *PARMS are supported by a program status data structure. 58. What is the purpose of DYNSLT keyword? This is a file level keyword used in a logical file. If you specify this in a fi le level, the system doesn t perform record selection until the program reads file. Then on the Select/Omit criteria, it selects the records from the specified file. 59. What is the difference between access path and Dynamic select? Dynamic select occurs whenever the program reads file. But access path occurs be fore the file is read (but not necessarily). Because access path maintenance performed on the file. 60. Why would you prefer OPNQRYF than logical file? The main difference is : Logical file creates permanent object on the system. OP NQRYF creates temporary access path. 50 (Fifty including eight printer file) 97. What is maximum number of Arrays allowed in RPG? 250 (Two hundred and Fifty ) 98. Where can you specify an indicator in LOKUP operation? In EQ position. 99. What is a Member? It is a subset of data records of a physical file. 100. What is a Physical file? Physical file nothing but a table contains a only one record format in which we can describe the field definitions and descriptions. 101. What is a Logical file? It is nothing but a logical view provided by the physical file.

102. What is Join Logical file? Join logical file joins more than one file. The maximum of number of files allow ed to join is 32 (thirty two). 103. What are the necessary keywords for the Join Logical file? JDFTVAL, JFILE, JOIN, JFLD, JREF. 104. What is a Non-join logical file? It only provides logical view based on the physical file. This is also called as regular logical file. 105. What is the necessary keyword for Non-join logical file? PFILE (which is record level keyword) 106. How many levels are there in a Physical file? Four levels. They are File level, Record level, Field level, Key field level. 107. What is the use of UNIQUE keyword and what level it is defined? It will avoid to enter duplicate key values. We have to define it in a file leve l. 108. At what level S,O are defined and what they will do? S, O are to defined at key field level. The purpose Select/Omit logic is depends on the criteria (condition) given at the key field level (At function entry) it selects and omits the records. The S/O is allowed in Log ical file only. 109. What is the difference between Packed decimal and Zoned decimal? Packed decimal : One digit occupies 1 byte. Zoned decimal : One digit occupies 2 bytes. 110. What is default data type (if you define decimals Packed decimal 0') in Physical file?

111. What is default data type for the fields(sub fields) defined in data struct ures in RPG? Zoned decimal 112. What is the use of JDFTVAL in join logical file? If you specify JDFTVAL at file level, even the primary file record does not matc h with secondary file record, the join takes place. 113. Is it possible to create a physical file without DDS? Yes. With the help of CRTPF we can achieve this. But we have to give record leng th. 114. What is a Keyed physical file? Defining a field as a key in physical file. Hence we can access records through the key field. 115. What is a composite key? Defining more than one key as a key field in physical file. 116. What is arrival sequence? The records will be accessed the way in which records are added to physical file . 117. What is the maximum number of key fields allowed defining in a physical fil e?

120 118. What is acronym of RPG? Report Program Generator 119. What is the native language of AS/400? RPG/400 120. Why RPG/400 is famous? * Easy to code and analyze. * Supports externally described files. 121. How many specifications are there in RPG/400? What are they? There are seven specifications are exits in RPG/400. They are listed below: * * * * * * * Header Specification File Description specification Extension specification Line counter specification Input specification Calculation specification Output specification

122. When do you use F-spec. continuation line ? * In order to refer the named record format as a subfile record format in the pr ogram. * In order to rename the record format of a database file in a program. * In order to define a named data structure as a file information data structure . 123. What are the various types of device files? Display files, printer files, discket files, tape files etc. , 124. When do you explicitly open files and close files in an RPG program? If you specify the letter U at column 73-74, you need to be open and close files explicitly in a RPG program. 125. How do you know that records are locked? By using a command WRKOBJLCK. 126. What is the purpose of Indicators in RPG? In order to control the logic flow, we can use indicators in RPG. 127. How do you read data area in an RPG program? With the help of IN opcode, we can access the data area record in to the program. 128. What are the different types of Data Areas? The different types of Data Areas are general data area, local data area, group data area, pip (program initialization parameter data area) data area. *General Data Area It can be created by user implicitely or explicitly It can be referred by any other jobs. It can be associated with a library. It can be created, deleted by the user. * Local Data Area It can not be referred by any other job. It is automatically created and deleted by the system. It is not associated with any library. *Group Data Area It is automatically created and deleted by the system We can access the group data area value through clp.

It is meant for group jobs. *Pip Data Area It is meant for pre start jobs. 129. What are various techniques to pass parameters from one program to another? PLIST, CALL, TFRCTL 130. Which single RPG opcode performs both SETLL and READE? CHAIN 131. What is term CUA , SAA? Common User Access System Application Architecture 132. Why is AS/400 called Object Oriented Machine? Everything on the AS/400 System that can be stored and retrieved is contained in the object. 133. What is the version of OS/400 that we have? V4R2 (Version 4. 0 Release 2. 0) 134. What is DDM ? Distribution Data Management is a function of the OS/400 that allows an applicat ion program or user on one system to use database files stored on remote system. 135. What is an Object? An object is any thing that exists in and occupies space in storage and on which operation can be performed. 136. How are the objects stored on AS/400? All objects are stored on AS/400 in a single level storage. In this method all o bjects are referenced by one virtual address which is translated in to a physical address whether it is an auxiliary storage or main m emory. 137. What is a Library in AS/400? A library in AS/400 is an object that serve(acts) as a repository for other obje cts. 138. Name few IBM supplied libraries? QGPL, QTEMP, QSYS, QUSRTOOL, QCBL, QRPG 139. What is library list ? A list that indicates libraries used for the process and the order in which it h as to be searched System identifies it in *LIBL. 140. How many libraries can be there in library list ? Total 40 (15 system and 25 application) 141. What is Folder? A Folder is a named object that is used as a directory for documents and other f olders. Folders can be filed with in another folder. 142. What is Spool file, Why is it required? A file that holds output data to be processed, such as information waiting to be printed. 143. What is Job, What are the attributes of a Job? A Job is a basic unit of work on AS/400. The attributes are:

Job Number Unique system generated sequential number Job Name Any user defined name (Max 10 char) User Name Who initiated the job. 144. What is Job description? A Job description defines an environment in which a batch job or an interactive job to be executed. 145. What is the difference between Interactive & Batch Job? Interactive Job: A Job started for a person who signon to a workstation. Batch Job : A predefined group of processing actions submitted to the system to be performed. 146. What is Group Job? A Group Job is attached to one workstation and a user. There should be an initia l group job and it can be branched to many other group jobs. The group jobs can have different library lists and different output, message q ueues. Group Job is useful in enhancing the programmers productivity. It is as though logging into the same user-id many times. 147. What are the two main attributes, which govern the execution of a job? Run time priority and Time slice 148. What is Sub-System? Sub-Systems are specific user defined partitions of the CPU ay be executed. One subsystem can have more than one active 149. What is a Device file? A device file contains the description of how data is to be am from a device or vice versa. Device file can be Printer, Tape and Remote system. where various jobs m job at a time. presented to a progr Disk,

150. What is an ICF file? A device file that allows a program on the system to communicate with program in other system. 151. What is a message file? It is a file which contains the messages of an application. For example all RPG/ 400 messages are stored in a file, all COBOL/400 messages are stored in a file. 152. What is a job log? A record of request submitted to system be a job. The message related to the req uests, and action performed by the system on the log. The system program maintains it. 153. What is the purpose of OPNQRYF (Open Query File)? OPNQRYF is used to select certain records of the database file based on the QRYS LT (Query select ) condition. 154. How to create files dynamically without DDS? Through OPNQRYF 155. What command must be executed before executing OPNQRYF command? OVRDBF (Override Data base file) 156. What is Data Area? Data area is an object used to hold data for access by any job running on the sy stem. A data area can be locked to a single user, thus preventing other users from processing at the same time.

157. What are the types of data areas? User defined Data Area, Local Data Area (LDA), Group Data Area (GDA), Program In itialization Parameter (PIP) Data Area. 158. What is LDA? LDA is created by the system for each job in the system, including auto-start jo bs, jobs started on the system by a reader, and subsystem monitor jobs. 159. What is the type, length of a LDA? *CHAR, 1024 bytes 160. What is GDA? The system creates a GDA when an interactive job becomes group jobs. Only one GD A can exists for group. 161. How to create a user defined (general) data area? Using CRTDTAARA command 162. What are the different ways to input data into data area? CHGDTAARA (using CL) Using OUT opcode in RPG 163. How to retrieve data from data area? Using RTVDTAARA command in CL. Using IN opcode in RPG 164. What are the valid user defined data area types? CHAR, NUMERIC and LOGICAL 165. How can a data area be locked after being updated? Using OUT *LOCK 166. What is the use of Data Queues? Data queue is a type of system object that you can create. Data Queues are used in Program to program communication. 167. How to create a data queues? Using CRTDTAQ command. 168. What are the valid data types in Data Queue? Char, Numeric, and Logical 169. What are the two types of read performed on data queues? Read with lock, and read without lock. 170. How do you use DEBUG utility? STRDBG program-name UPDPROD(*YES) 171. What is an authorization list? A lists of two or more user Ids & their authorities for system resources. The sy stem identifies it an object type *AUTL 172. How do you grant authority? Using GRTOBJAUT command 173. What are the types of object authorities? *USE, *CHANGE, *ADD, *DLT, *READ, *UPD, *ALL, *EXCLUDE, *OBJEXIST, *OBJMGT, *OBJ OPR

174. How do you put jobs in batch mode? SBMJOB 175. What is the use of OVRDBF ? You can use the Override with Database file (OVRDBF) command to replace the data base file named in a CL program or to change certain parameters of the existing database file. 176. What is the use of OVRPRTF ? Override with Printer file (OVRPRTF) command is used to override certain paramet ers of the printer files used in the program or to replace the printer file. 177. How to change file attributes such as size, file wait time, record wait tim e etc. , permanently? Using CHGPF command 178. What is the use purpose of CRTCMD? To create user defined command. 179. What is class of service ? A set of link and node characteristics associated with a session. 180. How to see active jobs of the system. Using WRKACTJOB command 181. How do you detect unused spool storage? Using Reclaim Spool Storage. 182. What are the functions of Remote Job Entry (RJE) ? Allows user of AS/400 system to submit jobs and receive jobs from a host system. 183. What is the function of RJE Conversion Utility? It converts compressed data written to an AS/400 database file to decompressed d ata written to another AS/400 database, diskette, or device file. 184. What process the command SBMRJEJOB does? Sends RJE input stream to host system 185. What is journaling & Commitment Control? Journaling is a function which records the changes in a file in a journal. These record images are used to recover the changes in the file should the system ends abnormally. Commitment control is a function that allows you to define and process a number of changes to database files as a single unit (transaction). 186. What is the purpose of STRCMTCTL command? Starts commitment control for files that are being journalled. 187. What are the system objects required for journalling? Journal receiver, journal and PFs to be journalled. 188. What are the different definition levels in Data Description Specifications ? File level, Record level, Field level, Join level, Keyfield level, Select/Omit l evel. 189. What the difference between Source Physical File and Physical File? A Source Physical File contains the source for the various objects created this file has specific structure.

A Physical File contains data, and the record format can be different for differ ent physical files. 190. What is an access path? The order in which the database fields are organized for processing in the progr am. 191. What are all the different types of access path? Arrival sequence access path. Keyed sequence access path. 192. What is the default value for the number of increment for the physical file ? Three 193. When does the DFT keyword in PF be used? To specify the default value it a field. 194. What is Multi-format logical file? Logical which uses fields from two or more physical files. 195. What is the Select and Omit criteria in logical file? This is used to specify rules for the Selection/Omission of records from a Physi cal File. 196. Can fields be concatenated INa logical file level? Yes. by using CONCAT keyword 197. When would the ALL keyword be used? Use with Select or Omit, to select/omit records. 199. What are the different types of keywords in display files? File level, Record format level, Field level 200. What is the maximum number of records you can specify in a display file? 1024 201. How can a screen field that has changed since the last output operation be detected ? Attach the MDT (modified data tag) attribute to the field, to detect whether fie ld has been changed as a result of user input. 202. What would be the effect on the field where reverse image, underline and hi ghlight display attributes were active? The result is same as if you had specified ND. 203. What is the use of DSPATR(MDT) keyword? Sets on the modified Data Tag of the field. The Data Tag detect whether the fiel d has been changed as a result of user input. 204. If DSPATR(PC) and CSRLOC were specified for a format, which keyword would h ave priority? CSRLOC gains priority. 205. Can error messages as a result of a COMP, RANGE or VALUES keyword be overri dden? Yes, through CHKMSGID keyword. 206. What the purpose of OVRDTA, OVRATA keywords? OVRDTA keyword (field or record level) can be used to override the existing data contents of a field or record already on the display.

OVRATA keyword (field or record level) can be used to override the existing disp lay attributes of a field or record already on the display. 207. How can a message from a message file appear as a constant on the screen? By using MSGCON (message constant) keyword. 208. In conjunction with what other keyword must OVRDTA and OVRATA be used? PUTOVR keyword must used. 209. What is the purpose of the INDARA keyword? This File-level keyword is used to remove option and response indicators from th e buffer and places them in 99-byte separate indicator area. 210. Explain the purpose of KEEP and ASSUME keywords? KEEP: Keep the display from being deleted when the display file is closed. ASSUME: It is used to specify that the OS/400 program is to assume that this rec ord is already shown on the display when this file is opened. 211. Explain the use of DFTWRT display keyword? No records will be displayed until there is any I/O operation. 212. What is the purpose of FRCDTA keyword ? Immediately display a record format without waiting for the next I/O operation. 213. What keyword must be used with PROTECT keyword? OVERLAY 214. What is Subfile? Subfile is group of records of same record format and can be read from or write to the display in a single operation. 215. What are all the contents of subfile? Subfile Record Format, Subfile Control Record Format, Relative Record Number, Su bfile Record Number, Associated Subfile Keywords. 216. What are the two record formats a subfile contain ? Subfile record forma (SFL), and subfile control record forma (SFLCTL). 217. What is SFLPAG and SFLSIZ ? SFLPAG : it is an attribute which specifies the number of records that can be di splayed in a screen. SFLSIZ : it is an attribute which specifies the number of records can be stored in subfile. 218. What is the maximum number of subfiles that can be specified in a display f ile, 512 219. Maximum number of subfiles that can Defined in a RPG program for one displa y file is 24 220. Maximum number of subfiles that can be active for a single file is? 12 221. Can more than one subfile record be displayed on one line? Yes, by using SFLLIN keyword. 222. How do you specify the number of records to roll in a subfile?

Use SFLROLVAL keyword in DDS along with number, which specifies the number of re cords to scroll at a time. 223. How will you display a particular page in subfile? Move a valid relative record number (RRN) in the field specified using SFLRCDNBR keyword in DDS. 224. How to pick up the changed records every time in a subfile after the first change made? Seton SFLNXTCHG keyword indicator and update the subfile record. 225. What is the use of SFLEND keyword? By specifying this keyword, the Bottom/More message could be displayed at end of screen. 226. How to toggle between single line and Multi cord in a subfile? Using SFLDROP keyword. line display of a particular re

227. Explain the difference between defining Subfile and Message-subfile? Subfile record is defined by SFL keyword, where as Message subfile is defined by SFLMSG keyword. 228. What are the different types of variables available in CL? DEC, CHAR, LGL 229. How do you pass parameters in CL? Using PARM keyword. 230. What is difference between CAT, TCAT, BCAT? CAT Concatenate two variables or constants into one continuous string. BCAT Truncates all trailing blanks in the first character string, one blank is i nserted, then the two character strings are concatenated. TCAT Truncates all trailing blanks in the first character string, the two charac ter strings are concatenated. 231. What are the different types of messages in CL? Immediate message, Break message, Program message, User message 232. How to trap errors in CL? By using Monitor Message Command (MONMSG) 233. What is the maximum length of a variable name in CL? Maximum 11 characters (including & ) 234. What are the limitations of CL (compare to RPG) ? you can not use CL program to ADD or UPDATE records in database files. Use Printer or ICF files. Use Program described files. Use the concept of subfile (to display more than one record), but a single outpu t message subfile is a special type of subfile that is supported well in CL. Use subroutines. You cannot declare more than one object (file) in a CL programme. 235. What is the use of Header Specification in RPG/400? It identifies by H in column 6, provides informaion about generating and running programs.

236. When will DUMP and DEBUG opcodes be ignored? If blank is specified in position 15 of H specs. 237. Specify different indicators used in RPG? Overflow indicators Record Identifying Indicators Field Indicators Resulting Indicators Control Level Indicators 237. What are Control level indicators? L1 to L9 used to identify certain fields on control fields and then used to cond ition which operations are to be processed at detail or total calculation or output time. 238. What is the use of E specification in RPG? Extension Specs describes all record address files, arrays and tables. 239. What is the use of L specs in RPG? Line counter specification can be used to describe printer file to indicate the length of the form and number of lines per page. 240. In which specification the report layout can be defined? O Specification. 241. How many files can be defined in F specs? 50 242. How many printer files can be defined in F specs ? 8 243. Give three main purposes of File specification ? To define files, to describe the files, to assign the files to specified devices . 244. How do you specify page overflow indicator for printer files in RPG? Specify an indicator in position 33-34 of F specification. 245. What is a Primary File? It is used in RPG Program Cycle to automatically read records in a cycle. 246. Can a indexed file be accessed in arrival sequence in RPG program? Yes. 247. What is a Program Described file in RPG? The field name and length of the fields are defined with in the RPG program. 248. What is externally described file ? All information about the fields is specified in DDS and the RPG program can use them with in the program. 249. Can you specify a display file to be used in the following modes Input, Out put, or Combined modes ? Yes. 250. What is match field indicator? Matching record indicator is seton when all the matching fields in the record of a secondary file matches with all the matching fields of a record in a primary file.

Q.How to translate field values form lower case to Upper case? A.By using opcode XLATE. Q.What are the maximum parameters can be passed from one RPG program to another RPG program? A.255 Q.How many maximum parameters can be passed from on RPG program to another CL pr ogram? A.40 Q.How many maximum arrays can be used in a single RPG program? A.200. Q.How many maximum loops can be used in a single RPG program? A.100 Q.How many maximum printer files can be used in a single RPG program? A.8 Q.What is the maximum length of an OCCUR? A.9999. Q.What is a subfile? A.Subfile is a group of records which can be used for (Displaying, Adding new re cord, Modifying the existing record, and Deleting the existing records). Q.What is maximum size of a subfile? A.9999. Q.How do you write and read a value (similarly as EXFMT of RPG) using a display file in CL? A. SNDRCVF. Q.How do you display a screen in CL? A.SNDF. Q.How to check end of file in CL? A.Monitor the message ID (CPF0864). Q.Can you update a file in CL? A.NO. Q.Can you add a record to a physical file through CL? A.NO Q.What opcode is used for submit job? Why it is used? A.SBMJOB opcode is used and it is used for background processing. Q.How do you monitor message in CL? A.By using monitor message ID: (MONMSG MSGID (CPF0000) Q.Except report design what else can be done by O spec? A.We can write a Physical File from O spec. Q.What is the full for of CA and CF? A.Command Attention and Command Function. Q.Difference between WRKUSRJOB and WRKACTJOB?

A.All the jobs in WRKUSRJOB are seen including Active jobs where as in WRKACTJOB only active jobs are seen. Q.What are the three levels of SDA? A.File level, Record level, Field level. Q.What is *PSSR? A.It is a system subroutine which is executed by default when any error occurs i n a program. Q.Why do we define MOVE *ON *INLR? A.It frees the memory. All the fields and parameters in the memory will become b lank. Q.How do you shutdown your IBM server? A.PWRDWNSYS. Q.If your workstation does not show login screen what might be the problem? A.Problem with some subsystem. Q.You have given a job for printing and you are not getting the printout what mi ght be the reason? A.Some more pending jobs might be there in Job Queue. Q.There are multiple jobs for printing in job queue and you want to print a impo rtant document then what will you do? A.Change the priority or change the job queue name. Q.How to see the CPU usage? A.WRKACTJOB or WRKSYSSTS. Q.Explain the sequence of execution of an RPG/400 program? A.During execution, an RPG/400 program automatically follows a sequence of opera tions for each record that is processed. The built-in program cycle includes the following logical steps. 1.reading input (READ) 2.processing calculations (PROCESS) 3.writing output (WRITE) Q.What is the Function of PDM? A.Productivity tool for copying, deleting, scanning, changing & creating source files. Q.What is the function of SEU ? A.A utility for editing programming language source code. Q.What is the use of SDA ? A.Screen Design Aid is used to create display files interactively. Q.What is a library in AS/400 ? A.Library in AS/400 is an object that serves as a repository for other objects. Q.Name few IBM supplied libraries ? A.GPL, QTEMP, QUSRTOOL, QSYS, QRPG & QCBL. Q.What is a library list ? A.Library list that indicates libraries used for the process and the order in wh ich it has to be searched. System identifies it in *LIBL. Q.How many libraries can be there in a library list ?

A.Total 40 (15 system and 25 application). 1.DDS - Data Description Specification. 2.Source Physical File contains the source for the various objects created. This file has a specific structure. RPG, CLP, DSPF, PRTF, etc. A-spec UNIQUE, PFILE, REFFLD Q.What is the difference between Physical and Logical files ? A.Physical file contains data, where as Logical file serves as a access path to database. Q.What does the keyword UNIQUE mean ? A.Records with duplicate key values are not allowed. Q. How many record formats can you have in a Physical file and in a Logical file ? A.Physical file can contain only one record format, Logical file can contain mor e than one record format. Q.What does SDA stands for ? A.Screen Design Aid. Q.What is the symbol used for defining a new field in SDA? A.'+'. Q.What is the symbol used for shifting fields in SDA? A.''. Q.What is the symbol used for copying & moving new field in SDA? A.Copying : '-' & '=='. Moving : '-' & '='. Q.What is the symbol used to get name & length of a field in SDA? A.'?' . *DATE, *TIME. PIQA Rotating Header Image AS-400 AS400 Interview Questions and answers Part vi Aug 8th, 2010 by admin. 251. What is the length of a variable in RPG? 6 Characters. 252. When is a TAG statement used in RPG? It is used as Label. 253. What opcode could be used to test an alphanumeric field for all numeric val ues? TESTN 254. What opcode will be used to test the zone of a character field? TESTZ 255. How to read database records without locking them? Put N in position 53 of C specs. 256. What does CHECK opcode is used? The check operation verifies that each character in the base string (factor 2) i

s among the character indicated in the comparator string (factor 1). 257. What does SR in columns 7-8 of C specs mean? Calculation operation is a part of RPG subroutine. 258. What is SCAN and XLATE? SCAN operation scans a character string (base string) contained in factor 2 for a substring (compare string ) contained in factor 1. XLATE operation translates characters in source string (factor 2 ) to the from a nd to strings (factor 1 ) and put into the result field. 259. How do you use commitment control in RPG program ? Using COMIT operation. Makes all changes to the files that have been specified i n output operation since the previous COMIT or the begining of operations under commitment control(if there has been no previous C OMIT or ROLBK operation). 260. How do you use exceptional write in C specs? Using EXCPT opcode. 261. What does the opcode FREE do? The FREE operation removes a program from the list of activated programs, frees static storage and ensures program initialization (first cycle processing) the next time program is called. It does not close fil e or unlock data area. 262. What does opcode POST do? Puts information in INFDS. 263. What is the maximum number of elements in an array? 9999 264. Can we define Multi-dimensional arrays in RPG? No. 265. What is XFOOT opcode? Adds all the elements in a numeric array, and places the sum in the result field . 266. How can we sort an array? By using SORTA opcode. 267. How can the user implicitly open and close the files in RPG program ? Enter UC in position 71-72 of F specs. Use OPEN and CLOSE opcodes in RPG program to open and close files. 268 How many parameters can be defined in a RPG program. ? 255 269. What is File Information Data Structure? File Information Data structure (INFDS) can be defined for each file to make fil e exception/error information available to the program. A file information data structure contains predefined subfields that identify: the name of the file for which the exception/error occurred. the record being processed when the exception/error occurred or the record that caused the exception/error. The last operation being processed when the exception/error occurred. The status code. The RPG routine in which the exception/error occurred. 270. What is Program Status Data Structure?

A Program status DS can defined to make program exception/error information avai lable to an RPG program. DS is defined as program status DS by an S in position 18 of the DS statement. *STATUS contains status code. *ROUTINE : contains name of routine in which the exception/error occurred *PARMS : contains the number parameters passed to this program from the calling program. 271. What is the maximum number of times Multiple Occurrences DS can occur in a program? 9999 272. What are all the compiler directive statements? /TITLE, /SPACE, /EJECT, /COPY 273. What is SAA? Systems Application Architecture (SAA) is a collection of selected software inte rfaces, conventions, and protocols that will provide a consistent framework across the System/370, AS/400 and PS/2. 274. During execution, an RPG/400 program automatically follows a sequence of op erations for each record that is processed. The built-in program cycle includes the following logical steps. 1. reading input (READ) 2. processing calculations (PROCESS) 3. writing output (WRITE) ****************************************************************************** 275. What is the Function of PDM? Productivity tool for copying, deleting, scanning, changing & creating source fi les. 276. What is the function of SEU ? A utility for editing programming language source code. 277. What is the use of SDA ? Screen Design Aid is used to create display files interactively. 278. What is a library in AS/400 ? Library in AS/400 is an object that serves as a repository for other objects. 279. Name few IBM supplied libraries ? GPL, QTEMP, QUSRTOOL, QSYS, QRPG & QCBL. 280. What is a library list ? Library list that indicates libraries used for the process and the order in whic h it has to be searched. System identifies it in *LIBL. 281. How many libraries can be there in a library list ? Total 40 (15 system and 25 application). DDS Data Description Specification. Source Physical File contains the source for the various objects created. This f ile has a specific structure. RPG, CLP, DSPF, PRTF, etc. A-spec UNIQUE, PFILE, REFFLD

282. What is the difference between Physical and Logical files ? Physical file contains data, where as Logical file serves as a access path to da tabase. 283. What does the keyword UNIQUE mean ? Records with duplicate key values are not allowed. 284. What is FCFO, FIFO, LIFO in Database environment ? These are file level keywords which are used to access the records in the order FCFO : First Changed First Out FIFO : First In First Out LIFO : Last In Fist Out 285. How many record formats can you have in a Physical file and in a Logical fi le ? Physical file can contain only one record format, Logical file can contain more than one record format. 286. What is Multi-format logical file ? Logical which uses fields from two or more physical files. 287. What is keyword PFILE specifies ? PFILE is used define the Physical file being referenced. 288. What is a Join Logical File, Can it be used for Update ? Logical file that combines more than one physical file. Update is not possible through JLF. 289. Is it possible to join the same file to itself ? Yes. 290. What does SDA stands for ? Screen Design Aid. 291. What is the symbol used for defining a new field in SDA? + . 292. What is the symbol used for shifting fields in SDA? < , > . 293. What is the symbol used for copying & moving new field in SDA? Copying : - & == . Moving : - & = . 294. What is the symbol used to get name & length of a field in SDA? ? . *DATE, *TIME. 295. How can a screen field that has changed since the last output operation be detected ? Attach the MDT attribute to the field, to detect whether field has been changed as a result of user input. 296. What would be the effect on the field where reverse image, underline and hi ghlight display attributes are active ? The result is same as if you had specified ND. 297. What is the purpose of OVRDTA and OVRATA keywords ? OVRDTA keyword (field or record level) can be used to override the existing data contents of a field or record already on the display. OVRATA keyword (field or record level) can be used to override the existing disp lay attributes of a field or record already on the display. 298. What keyword must be used with PROTECT keyword ? OVERLAY 299. What is RPG ? Report Program Generator. 300. What are the different types of specification available in RPG/400 ? Control Spec.( H ) File Spec.( F )

Extension Spec.( E ) Line counter Spec.( L ) Input Spec.( I ) Calculation Spec.( C ) Output Spec.( O ) 301. Is it necessary to define all formats ? Which are mandatory and which are O ptional ? No, all are Optional. 302. What is the use of E specification in RPG ? Extension Specs describes all record address files, arrays and tables. 303. In which specification can a report layout be defined ? O Specification. 304. How many files can be defined in F specs ? A maximum of 50 files. 305. Can an indexed file be accessed in arrival seQuence in RPG program ? Yes. 306. In which specification Data Structures can be defined? I Spec. 307. When is a TAG statement used in RPG ? It is used as a Label. 308. What are the different Opcodes available in RPG for Database access ? READ, CHAIN, WRITE, UPDAT, DELET, SETLL, SETGT, READE, READP, REDPE, OPEN, CLOSE , FORCE, NEXT, UNLCK. 309. How can database records be read without lock ? Put N in position 53 of C specs. 310. What does CHECK opcode do ? The check operation verifies that each character in the base string (factor 2) i s among the ` character indicated in the comparator string(factor 1). 311. In conjunction with which statements can ORxx and ANDxx conditions be used ? DOUxx, DOWxx, IFxx, and WHxx. 312. What does opcode POST do ? Puts information in INFDS. 313. Can you have multiple key lists for a single file ? Yes. 314. What are the different types of arrays available in RPG ? Pre-execution time array. Compile time array. Execution time array. 315. Can we define Multi-dimensional arrays in RPG ? No. 316. What is XFOOT opcode ? Adds all the elements in a numeric array, and places the sum in the result field . 317. During input operation which indicator position is seton if there is a reco rd lock? LO indicator position is seton. 318. What is the difference between *LIKE and *NAMVAR ? *LIKE defines the variables as in database. *NAMVAR is used to define variables as data area. 319. Where will control be passed after the execution of the *PSSR subroutine if the factor2 of the ENDSR is blank ? Control will return to the next sequential instruction. 320. What is the maximum number of subfiles that can specified in a display file ? 512 The maximum number of subfiles that can defined in a RPG program for one display

file is ___ . 24 321. The maximum number of subfiles that can be active for a single file is ____ . 12 322. What are the different opcodes used for file operation on a subfile in a RP G pgm? READ, READC, CHAIN,UPDAT and WRITE 323. How will you display a particular page in subfile ? Move a valid relative record number(RRN) in the field specified using SFLRCDNBR keyword in DDS. 324. Can a single screen format occupy a screen area above and below a subfile f ormat ? Not possible. 325. What is SFLPAG and SFLSIZ ? SFLPAG : it is an attribute which specifies the number of records that can be di splayed in a screen. SFLSIZ : it is an attribute which specifies the number of records can be stored in the subfile. 326. How to pick up the changed records every time in a subfile after the first change made ? Seton SFLNXTCHG keyword indicator and update the subfile record. 327. How do you specify the number of records to roll in a subfile ? Use SFLROLVAL keyword in DDS along with the number, which specifies the number o f records to scroll at a time. 328. What are the three line types in RLU ? Report line, Filler line & Sample line. 329. What is the function of RLU ? To design & prototype a report. 330. What are the three types of keywords associated with printer file ? File level, Record level & Field level. 331. How do you combine two record formats in RLU ? Using CLC. 19. 332. What are the different commands used in RLU ? Define Record, CLC Change Line for Continuation, CLR Change Line for Record, DR SD Create Sample Data, VF View Fields, NP New Page, DC Define Constants, DF Define Fields, CF Centre Fields & SP Space Fields evenl y. 333. What is the command used to invoke RLU ? STRRLU. 334. What are different record spacing keywords in RLU ? SKIPA, SKIPB, SPACEA & SPACEB. 335. Mandatory keywords of sub file SFL, SFLCTL, SFLDSP, SFLSIZ, SFLPAG are the mandatory key words 336. Difference between SFLRCDNBR and SFLNXTCHG SFLRCDNBR will give the RRN of the First record displayed on the screen at a giv en time. Whenever a record is changed on display file. An MDT is set ON. If an indicator is associated with SLFNXTCHG and it is SETON then READC will read only the changed record. And if the indicator is not associated and it is seton it READC reads all the records from sub-file 337. How can see logical file based on which physical file and vice versa DSPDBR 338. How can u check no of records in a file DSPFD 339. How do u compile RPGLE program

Either thru 15 or crtrpgmod 340. Is module executable No You need to create an RPG prog to run the module 341. What is procedure? A procedure is the set of self-contained high level language statements that can perform a particular task and then returns to a caller 342. What is service program? A Service Program is a collection of runnable procedures and available data item s easily accessible by other ILE programs. In many respects it is similar to a subroutine library and procedure library. A service program differs from a program in two ways: It does not contain a program entry procedure. This means that you cannot call a service program using the CALL operation. A service program is bound into a program or other service programs using bindin g by reference 343. What is LOKUP opcode? Look s for a particular element of an array 344. How many files, printer files you can describe in a RPG 50 files and 8 printers 345. How do handle file exception/error *INFDS ,*PSSR defining it in F spec 346. What is OPNQRYF, MONMSG commands It is Dynamically creation of access path, and it can have resultant fields i.e. if the expression is A = B + C then B and C are from the file while A is define d in OPNQRYF. We can divert the output of command to an OUTFILE. Command associated with OPNQ RYF is CPYFRMQRYF to save the output permanently It is a CL command to monitor and error/exception message so that in case of an error a dump is avoided and the control is in program. It is also used to monitor user message. 347. How do you set pointers to values 55 or next higher or greater? SETGT. 348. How will I explicitly open a file in an RPG program? By defining UC in file condition and to opening the file mention OPEN opcode and closing the file by mentioning CLOSE in opcode of C spec. 349. Distinguish between terminating a program through SETON LR and RETURN? LR c loses all the files used in the program and RETURN is used to return the control to the parent program. 350. How will you add a field to physical file already containing data? With CPY F command and *NOCHK & *DROP 351. What are the uses of FACTOR1, FACTOR2 and RESULT field for the RPG operatio n code PARM? It is add value of FACTOR1 to FACTOR2 or compare the value of FACTOR 2 with FACTOR1. 352. How will you find a string using PDM? By using FNDSTRPDM. 353. How will you search an array? LOKUP 354. What are the different types of arrays? Preruntime gets populated at the ti me input. Runtime gets populated at the time execution. Compile time gets populated at the time of compilation. 355. What is message file? It is file which contain messages created by the user through which a user can display own message while validating. 356. What does DEFN do? It is used to define a field based on the value specifie d in FACTOR 1. 357. What are two types of record are used in subfile? SUBFILE RECORD FORMAT and

SUBFILE CONTROL RECORD FORMAT. 358. What are DDS required for SUBFILE? SUBFILE DISPLAY (SFLDSP) SUBFILE DISPLAY CONTROL (SFLDSPCTL) SUBFILE CLEAR (SFLCLR) SUBFILE SIZE (SFLSIZE) SUBFILE PAGE (SFLPAGE). 359. What is ELASTIC and NON ELASTIC SUBRILE? When subfile size is greater then subfile page size it is called elastic subfile and when subfile size is equal to subfile page size it is called non-elastic sub file. 360. What is SFLINZ and SFLRNA? SFLINZ stands for subfile initialize. It initial ized all the character field as blanks and numeric fields as zeros. SFLRNA stands for subfile record not active (It means records are there in the subfile but active). 361. Can you display a empty subfile? Yes by using the keyword SFLINZ and SFLRNA . 362. Why do we use READC? What is SFLNXTCHG? READC is to read those records whic h have changed in the subfile. If you validate a record in subfile on some condition all the invalid records c an display in reverse image. The first which have changed and made valid and released still displaying in rev erse image. The records have read even it has not been changed due to SFLNXTCHG. 363. How do you read changed records backward in subfile? NOT POSSIBLE. 364. How you will find an error which is not in the first page of the subfile wi thout using ROLLDOWN key? By using keyword SFLRCDNBR. 365. What is SFLROLVAL? By using this keyword you can tell system to roll on of records when the user presses ROLLDOWN key (For this you define a hidden of 4 byte). 366. How you will know whether you are in SFLDROP or SFLFOLD mode? Bu using the keyword SFLMODE. 367. How you get the relative record in a subfile in which cursor is located? By using the keyword SFLCUSRRN (Subfile cursor relative record number). 368. What is QCMDEXC? It is used to execute a single CL command within the RPG p rogram. 369. What is maximum size of data area? 9999. 370. How to fire a JOB? SBMJOB. 371. How many levels of security are there on AS/400? There are 10 to 50 level o f security on AS/400. 372. How to translate field values form lower case to Upper case? By using opcod e XLATE. 373. What are the maximum parameters can be passed from one RPG program to anoth er RPG program? 255 374. How many maximum parameters can be passed from on RPG program to another CL program? 40 375. How many maximum arrays can be used in a single RPG program? 200. 376. How many maximum loops can be used in a single RPG program? 100 377. How many maximum printer files can be used in a single RPG program? 8 378. What is the maximum length of an OCCUR? 9999. 379. What is a subfile? Subfile is a group of records which can be used for (Dis playing, Adding new record, Modifying the existing record, and Deleting the existing records). 380. What is maximum size of a subfile? 9999. 381. How do you write and read a value (similarly as EXFMT of RPG) using a displ ay file in CL? SNDRCVF. 382. How do you display a screen in CL? SNDF. 383. How to check end of file in CL? Monitor the message ID (CPF0864). 384. Can you update a file in CL? NO. 385. Can you add a record to a physical file through CL? NO 386. What opcode is used for submit job? Why it is used? SBMJOB opcode is used a nd it is used for background processing. 387. How do you monitor message in CL? By using monitor message ID: (MONMSG MSGI

D (CPF0000) 388. Except report design what else can be done by O spec? We can write a Physic al File from O spec. 389. What is the full for of CA and CF? Command Attention and Command Function. 390. Difference between WRKUSRJOB and WRKACTJOB? All the jobs in WRKUSRJOB are s een including Active jobs where as in WRKACTJOB only active jobs are seen. 391. What are the three levels of SDA? File level, Record level, Field level. 392. What is *PSSR? It is a system subroutine which is executed by default when any error occurs in a program. 393. Why do we define MOVE *ON *INLR? It frees the memory. All the fields and pa rameters in the memory will become blank. 394. How do you shutdown your IBM server? PWRDWNSYS. 395. If your workstation does not show login screen what might be the problem? P roblem with some subsystem. 396. You have given a job for printing and you are not getting the printout what might be the reason? Some more pending jobs might be there in Job Queue. 397. There are multiple jobs for printing in job queue and you want to print a i mportant document then what will you do? Change the priority or change the job queue name. 398. How to see the CPU usage? WRKACTJOB or WRKSYSSTS 399. Which Function key should be pressed to define hidden field while you are w orking with SDA? F4 400. Which function key should be pressed to watch all strings defined on the SD A screen? F20 401. While designing the screen using SDA, which function key should be pressed to get the field from the field reference file? F10 402. From work with member using PDM screen you have to modify existing member u sing SDA, which option do you select? 17 403. Write system defined function used to place system name on the screen *SYSN AME 404. While designing the screen, F3 function key is kept common for all record f ormats. On which level should it be defined? File Level 405. Write down any two mandatory keywords used when defining a subfile? SFLDSP, SFLDSPCTL, SFLCTL, SFLSIZ, SFLPAG. 406. While designing the screen user wants to add file level keywords, then whic h function key should be pressed? F14. 407. SFLRCDNBR is a FIELD LEVEL keyword 408. While designing the report using RLU, user wants to add record level keywor d then which function key should be pressed? F18. 409. If user wants to add one field on the report then which function key should be pressed? F11. 410. SDA: After getting field reference from reference file selected files will appear at the bottom of the screen and then which command function will be used to get it on screen with its label to be left aligned? &3L 411. If user wants to center the company name on his report then which line comm and will be used? CF. 412. If user wants to change the length of the numeric field defined in report t hen which combination of keys will be used? F23 & F10. 413. What is difference between SKIPB (2) & SPACEB (2). 414. RLU: If user wants to define new numeric field on record format then which line command will be used? VF. 415. Maximum report length is 132, if user is designing a report using RLU? FALS E (378 Max). 416. To change constant field defined on RLU screen which field level keyword sh ould be used? DFT 417. RLU: Which field level keyword should be used to change any numeric field o f length 8 to 99.99.9999 format? EDTWRD ( . . )

418. SPACE and SKIP are FIELD & RECORD LEVEL keywords. 419. SEU shows prompt/syntax checking according to MEMBER TYPE. 420. Using Query, its also possible to create level break reports. TRUE. 421. Using DFU, user will be able to ___________ from Physical File? Add/Update/ Selected or all fields. 422. What is the difference between normal UPDDTA to PF and updating using DFU p rogram? Both are same only difference is DFU allows you to add or change selected fields. 423. What is Library? A library is a system object that serves as a directory to other objects or collection of object 424. What is Library List? A job s library list defines the path of libraries that the job follows when trying to locate programs, files or other As/400 objects. 425. Difference between Source Physical File & Physical File? Source Physical Fi le contains members who contain source statements & Physical File contains members, which contain data. 426. Types of Libraries on As/400? There are 3 types of libraries on As/400 they are System (*sys), User (*test) & Product (*prod). 427. Type of Source File & Physical File? Source File: *PF/SRC Physical File: *P F/DTA 428. What s the use of STRPDM? To work with Libraries, Objects, Members & User Opt ions. 429. In which Specs can PF be made internally? In I Specs. 430. What is the format of As/400 Commands? Verb Object Qualifier Verb: action O bject: on which action is performed Qualifier: identifies your job 431. What is externally described file? A file, which is created externally & de scribed in the program, is called as external described file. 432. What is Qualified & Unqualified path? Qualified path means mentioning objec t name along with library name while Unqualified path means directly writing the object name. 433. Which path a good programmer should use? Unqualified path. 434. How many types of files are available on As/400? There are 2 types of files on As/400 they are Databases files & Device files. 435. What is Logical File? A Logical file is an Access path to the Physical File . 436. How can you specify no duplicate key? By defining the unique key. 437. What is the command to know how many LF are related to a PF? DSPDBR (Displa y Database Relationship) 438. What is the command to know key fields of file? DSPFD (F4) *ACCPTH(Access P ath). 439. What is a Join Logical File? A join Logical File can be built over the two PF s, with the PF s joined by a common key value. It is available for read access. 440. Can a Join Logical File be updated? No. 441. What is the object type of PF, LF, Printer file & Display file? *File 442. How many types of display are available on As/400 for user interaction? 4 T ypes they are Entry, Menu, Information & List Display. 443. Which is the Primary Editor of As/400? Source Entry Utility (SEU). 444. What are the basic features of SEU? Prompt depending upon type, shows right hand side date & left hand side the line number. 445. What are the different methods to access SEU? Use the Start Source Entry Ut ility command (STRSEU) Option 8 from STRPGMMNU Through Program Development Manager (PDM) 446. Which are the member types which SEU supports? RPG, CL, PF, LF, PRTF & DSPF . 447. In which Specs Arrays, Tables & Constants are defined? In I Specs. 448. What is a Spool File? Printed output items placed in an output queue are kn own as spooled files. 449. How many Specs are there in RPG & Which are they? There are 7 Specs in RPG they are H, F, E, L, I, C & O.

450. Difference between GOTO & EXSR? EXSR is a conditional branching while a GOT O is an unconditional branching. 451. Difference between CA & CF? CA: It does not retains the value into the buff er memory. CF: It retains the value into the buffer memory. 452. What does EXFMT does? Write & Read. 453. What does the OVRDBF command do? It overrides the PF temporarily for a job. 454. How does the RUNQRY show the output? RUNQRY shows the output always in RRN (Relative Record Number) & not in keyed sequence. 455. How many printer files maximum can be used in single RPG program? 8 because of the overflow indicators OA-OG & OV. 456. When you are defining a flat file in your program in F Specs which format w ill you specify? Flat File: F (Fixed Length) Other File: E (Externally Described) 457. Difference between skip before & space before? Skip before leaves the speci fied no. of lines moving to the next page while Space before leaves the specified no. of lines on that page. 458. Which indicator is used for Read? EQ (Equal to) 459. Which are the figurative constants used in RPG? *ZERO,*BLANK, *ZEROS, *BLAN KS, *HIVAL, *LOVAL, *OFF, *ON & *ALL. 460. What is the syntax for PLIST? *ENTRY PLIST PARM 461. What are indicators? Indicators are inbuilt class of variables for RPG. 462. What is CAB? It compares Factor1 with Factor2 & if condition is true, contr ol is transferred to label designated in the result field . The label specified must appear as the Factor1 of a TAG operation somewhere in the program. 463. Which are the Relational Operators in RPG? GT, GE, LT, LE & EQ. 464. In O Specs what is the opcode for write? EXCPT. 465. What is Subroutine in RPG? A subroutine is a group of statements in a progr am that can be processed several times in that program. 466. Do we have to Execute the *INZSR compulsory? No, it is a system-defined sub routine it is executed automatically. 467. What is the use of *PSSR in the program? Whenever there is any type error i n the program the control straight away passes onto this subroutine. 468. Types of Tables in RPG? There are 2 types of tables in RPG they are: Compil e Time Tables Pre-Runtime Tables 469. What does LOKUP does in Tables & Arrays? The LOKUP opcode searches the Fact or1 entry in table or array. 470. File Access Opcodes? READ, SETLL, SETGT, READE, READP, READPE CHAIN, KLIST, KFLD, EXCPT & WRITE. 471. What is RPG Fixed Logic Cycle? A logic the compiler supplies is called RPG Fixed Logic Cycle. 472. Difference between Interactive & Batch Job? Batch job begins, runs & contin ues to execute instructions without human intervention or control while Interactive job are user driven. 473. How can we run a Batch Job? SBMJOB Command. 474. Difference between CALL & SBMJOB? CALL performs interactively job while SBM JOB performs batch job. 475. Maximum number of Records in Display File? 1024 476. What does VLDCMDKEY means? Valid Command Key. 477. What is the error if we don t get login screen? There is some problem with su bsystem. 478. How to run other job when one job is active? Change the priority or rename the job. 479. Use of Data Structures? Dividing a field into sub fields. Changing the format of a field. Grouping non-contiguous data in a contiguous format. Defining an area of storage in more than 1 format. 480. Types of Data Structures?

a. b. c. d. e.

File Information Data Structure. Program Status Data Structure. User Defined Data Structure. Multiple Occurrence Data Structure. Date Area Data Structure.

481. What is Subfile? A Subfile is a temporary area in memory which records may written to & read from a display file device. 482. Which is the subsystem that is always on till the main power switch is off? QCTL 483. What is the command to shutdown the As/400 Server? PWRDWNSYS & Parameter *I MMED. 484. How can we know the CPU utilization of the server? WRKACTJOB (Work with act ive job) WRKSYSSTS (Work with system status) 485. Which are the libraries (system) always present in the library list? QTEMP & QGPL 486. Which users are allowed to manipulate system libraries? QSECOFR & QSYSOPR 487. Can the objects stored in the product library be modified? No. 488. How many types of objects are there on As/400? 80 489. How is data stored in PF s? In fixed length records. 490. Give an example of DEFN opcode? *LIKE DEFN ENAME $ENAME (Now the $ENAME has all the attributes same like ENAME) 491. What is DBMS? A DBMS is a software system that controls the creation, organ ization & modification of a database & access to the date stored within it. 492. What is a Join Logical File? A Join Logical File combines information from two or more physical files into one record format. Join Logical Files have always one record format. 493. Types of Object Locks & what they do? There are mainly 3 types of locks the y are as follow: *EXCL : Only the routing step holding the lock can use the object *EXCLRD : Routing step can read/update the file other jobs can only read. *SHRUPD : All jobs can read/update the object. 494. How do you place or remove locks on the objects? *AACOBJ & *DLCOBJ 495. Some of the object types on which locks can be allocated? Data Area, Data Q ueue, File, Library, Message Queue, Menu &Program. 496. What is the opcode to release all the locks on a particular PF? UNLCK 497. What is a trigger? A trigger is an action that automatically occurs wheneve r a change Is made to a physical file. 498. How many triggers can be associated with a single PF? 6 (max) 499. 500. How can we add & remove trigger to a PF? ADDPFTRG & RMVPFTRG 501. F is the type of file desg. Used for externally described files given when file types are? I & U 502. What is an Output Queue? They are the holding areas that store printed outp ut generated from Batch programs or Interactive applications. 503. What does print writer do? It is a system job that selects files from the o utput queue & prints Them on a printer. It provides the interface between output queue s Spooled files & the printer. 504. What are the 2 types of lines on O Specs? Record Identification Line & Fiel d Identification Line. 505. Can a Subroutine contain another Subroutine? No. 506. Does the SETLL & SETGT retrieve the record? No, they simply position to the record. 507. What is a table? A table is collection of data elements in one column, data elements Must be of same type and same length. 508. What is a Compile Time Table? We can hard code data within the program is s aid to be Compile Time Table.

509. What is a Run Time Table? Data from a separate disk file is loaded into a t able each time the Program runs. 510. Give the Table definition? TABMT 1 12 2 A Where 1 = Number of entries per r ecord 12 = Total number of entries 2 = Length of each entry A = Ascending Sequene 511. If the data is likely to change over a period of time & Moreover data is la rge than which type of table is preferred? Compile Time Table. 512. What is Alternate Table? RPG tables stores information in 1 column. To stor e information in multiple columns, it uses the concept of Alternate Table. 513. What is an Array? Array is a collection of data, the data elements must be of same Length and same type. 514. The Qualified name for an object ORDPF residing in a library TRAINING is? T RAINING/ORDPF 515. The members in a Source Physical File contain? Source statements for a prog ram. 516. The members in LF contain? Access Path. 517. The members in a PF contain data? (True/False) True 518. What is the command to view the library list? DSPLIBL 519. What is the command to create PF? CRTPF 520. The LF is associated with how many PF s? At least one PF at a time. 521. The function key to start SEU session through program development manager i s? F6 522. The Member type for an RPG & CL program which SEU supports is? RPG & CLP 523. Printed output items placed in an output queue are known as? Spool Files. 524. When a spooled file is created, it is placed into an? OUTQUEUE 525. The command to display a list of spooled files? WRKSPLF 526. Change in the externally described file does not require recompilation of t he program? (True/False) False 527. Command to display current library is? DSPCURLIB 528. A PF can have how many record formats? Only one 529. Which one of the following has the highest priority Library on top of the l ibrary list, Library QGPL, Library on the bottom of the library list & Current library? Current library 530. Consider the following command: WRKOBJ OBJ (*ALLUSR/DBTMEF) Object DBTMEF i n all libraries except system libraries. 531. While designing the screen user wants to add file level keywords then which function key is pressed? F14 532. While designing the report using RLU user wants to add record level keyword s which function key is pressed? F18 533. If user wants to add one field on the report then which function key is pre ssed? F11 534. If user wants to center the company name on his report then which command w ill be used? CF (Center Field) 535. SEU shows prompt/syntax checking according to? Member Type 536. It is possible to run Query using RUNQRY command? YES 537. Using Query it is possible to create level break report? YES 538. Using DFU user can do which operation? Add, Update & Select fields 539. What is the difference between UPDDTA to PF & updating using DFU? Both are same, only difference is DFU program allows you to add & update selected fields. 540. Which function key should be pressed to define hidden field while you are w orking with SDA? F4 541. Which function key should be pressed to watch all string defined on SDA scr een? F20 542. While designing the screen using SDA, which function key should be pressed to get the field from the FRF? F10. 543. From WRKMBRPDM screen you have to modify existing member-using SDA which op tion do you select? 17. 544. Write system defined function used to place system name on the screen? *SYS NAME

545. While designing screen F3 function key is kept common for all record format s on which level should it be defined? File level 546. Write down mandatory keywords used when defining a subfile? SFL, SFLDSP, SF LSIZ, SFLCTL & SFLPAG 547. If user wants to change the length of the numeric field defined in the repo rt then which combination of the keys will be used? F23 & F10 548. What is the difference between SKIPB (2) & SPACEB (2)? SKIPB (2) skips 1 pa ge & on the next page after skipping 2 lines space print next while SPACEB (2) skips 2 lines space before printing. 549. RLU: If user wants to define new numeric field on record format then which line command will be used? VF 550. Maximum report length is 132, if user is designing a report using RLU? FALS E (Maximum is 378) 551. To change constant field defined on RLU screen which field level keyword sh ould be used? DFT (Default) 552. Space & Skip are which level keywords? Field & Record 553. A Join Logical File has how many Record formats? 1 554. A Multiple format Logical File is also known as? Union File 555. How does Union file maintains Record formats? 1 Record format for each PF 556. What is full form for DDS? Data Description Specification 557. What are members? Members are separate entities within a database file & th ey are components of As/400 object. 558. What if RPG, when & who invented it? Report Program Generator is IBM introd uced a High Level Language in 1960. 559. For, which purpose is H Specs used? Writing header information, date separa tor, currency symbol etc. 560. What is the size of the filename in RPG? 8 Characters (Max.) 561. Which are the different File Types in RPG? I (Input), O (Output), U (Update ) & C (Combine). 562. What are the different File Designation Types in RPG? P (Primary) & F (Full y Procedural) 563. What s the use of File Designation in RPG? It refers to the way program will access or retrieve the data from the file. 564. What are the different File Format Types in RPG? F (Fixed Length) & E (Exte rnally Described) 565. What is the use of File Format in RPG? It tells to the program that the rec ords are within the program (F) or outside the program (E). 566. What is L Specs for? To tell length of page & number of lines to be printed on a page. 567. What is I Specs for? To describe the records within Program described file, fields, constants, divide fields into sub fields & to form a group of fields. 568. How many maximum spaces could be given in O Specs? 3 569. Which are Control Break Logic indicators? L1 L9. 570. What are Data Structures? Data Structures define an area of storage & layou t of fields within the defined structure. 571. Which are the four keywords supported by Program Status Data Structure? *ST ATUS, *PARM, *ROUTINE & *PROGRAM 572. Which are the String Manipulation Opcodes? TESTN, SCAN, CHECK, CHECKR, SUBS T & CAT 573. DB2 is a type of Database? It is an Integrated RDBMS. 574. An access path may be in which sequence? It can be in Arrival & Keyed seque nce 575. Records can be Read/Update/Deleted with which file? Simple Logical File & P hysical File. 576. Which type of object is used in DB2/400? *FILE 577. What is SQL? SQL is an interface for programming language. 578. File level entry for a PF can be? UNIQUE & FIFO

579. Command to create FRF? CRTPF 580. Join Logical File displays data from how many files? 2 or more PF s 581. A Query can be displayed without saving it? True 582. Which are the Query selection criteria, which can be given in a Query? LIST 583. To add a file to the File Selection option of a Query, the function key to be pressed is? F9 584. A Query can be run in which mode? Batch & Interactive 585. What does DFU program you to do on a record? Insert, Update Delete & File E nquiry. 586. When are the Unique Constraints executed? During Insert. 587. When are the Referential Constraints executed? Insert, Update & Delete. 588. How many triggers can be associated with a file? 6(Maximum) 589. Why is the Declare cursor statement is used for? To define & name the curso r & specify rows to be fetched. 590. What do we can do with the Embedded SQL statements? We can Insert/Update/De lete records, fetch records, fetch values from records into variables. 591. What is the values SQLCOD when there is an error in fetching the records sp ecified in the select statement? -ve value 592. A file cannot have more than 1 unique key? False 593. DLCOBJ command is mandatory for removing lock on any object? False 594. What is a Journal? A Journal is an object used primarily to record changes to data in a PF. 595. Which are the DB2 tools to protect Integrity of the database? Journaling & Commitment Control, Referential Integrity Embedded SQL & Object/Record Locks. 596. A program variable coded in an Embedded SQL statement is referred to as? Ho st Variable 597. Which of the CL command can be used to determine which logical files are de pendent on a specific file? DSPDBR 598. Which CL command is used to trap error messages during program execution? M ONMSG 599. Which CL command can be used at program execution to redirect the file name d in an RPG program? OVRDBF 600. What is the length of the variable in the given example? DCL VAR (&Name) TY PE (*Char)? Default 32 & for Decimal 15,5 1 8 Character *FILE The first 8 characters of the file 9 9 Character Open indication (1 = open). 10 10 Character End of file (1 = end of file) 11 15 Zoned dec *STATUS Status code. 16 21 Character *OPCODE Operation code The first five posi 22 29 Character *ROUTINE First 8 characters of the procedure 30 37 Character RPG IV source listing line number 667. How to determine if the record is in used by another user ? We can determine weather a record is in use bye another user with the help of st atus code (*STATUS). If *STATUS = 01218 i.e. record already locked. 668. How to write *PSSR ? It just similar to any other subroutine. *PSSR BEGSR . ENDSR 669. What is Procedure ? A procedure is the set of self contained high level language statements that can perform a particular task and then returns to a caller.

670. How to define a procedure ? First we have define Procedure Prototype along with all parameter. And PR. D PROC1 PR Then define Procedure with Begin/End Procedure Name Begin/End P PROC1 B Export Then define Procedure Interface along with parameter and PI D PROC1 PI 5 0 D PARMA 5 0 D PARMB 5 0 Define all the parameters as a variable to the procedure D PARMA S 5 0 D PARMB S 5 0 In not returnable procedure, the procedure should end with C PROC1 E In returnable procedure, it should end with C RETURN PARMA + PARMB 671. What is Procedure Prototype and Procedure Interface. Procedure Prototype In this section we specify the name of the procedure along with PR. D PROC1 PR Procedure Interface It is section where we define all the parameter which are receiving or returning some values. D PROC1 PI 5 0 D PARMA 5 0 D PARMB 5 0 672. How to define Global Parameter in ILE ? Declare a variable with key word EXPORT and while using this variable in anther program declare with IMPORT keyword. 673. What is the disadvantage of using Global variable? We can not trace out at which point the value of variable is changed. 674. What is Service Program? A Service Program is a collection of runnable procedures and available data item s easily accessible by other ILE programs. In many respects it is similar to a s ubroutine library and procedure library. A service program differs from a program in two ways: It does not contain a program entry procedure. This means that you cannot call a service program using the CALL operation. A service program is bound into a program or other service programs using bindin g by reference. 675. What is the structure of Service Program ? What is signature ? ????????????????????????????? 676. What is *ISO date format? YYYY-MM-DD for other formats refer to IBM manual or ERIS document. 677. If we tried to move year part of *ISO date into a field of length 3, what w ill happen ? Program crashes, as in case of *ISO format it required fields of 4,2,2. 678. How to avoid using indicators in ILE ?

By using the standard Built In Expressions like %FOUND,%EOF, NOT %EOF, %BOF, NOT %BOF etc. Display / Printer File 679. EDTCDE & EDTWRD EDTCDE & EDTWRD are key words used for formatting purpose. EDTCDE cannot be appl ied to Character filed. And EDTCDE has some Codes pre-defined for example, EDTCD E(Z) for suppressing the leading zero Y for date field. EDTWRD can be used to define user defined formatting for a fields. 680. OVERLAY It allows a record format to be displayed on screen retaining the previous displ ayed record formats. 681. What key word is used when screen is re-display? RSTDSP is a parameter to be specified at compile time for display file. 682. Command Attention key and Command Function Key ? With the help of Command attention key we can pass only the indicator status to program not the data from screen. While command function key passes indicator st atus as well as a data from screen to program. 683. How to validate input values in Display file ? with the help of Validity check key words VALUE, RANGE, COMP 684. Disadvantage of using Validity Check keyword? How to overcome these disadva ntages ? If invalid values are entered, The option filed is displayed in reverse image. System defined message is displayed which may not be user friendly. Keyboard is locked, we have to reset it. To overcome above disadvantage validations is done within program and user frien dly/defined message is displayed. 685. What are the important factors in Error message subfile ? We must define error message record format (SFLMSG). And a Program Queue. (PGMQ) and Record format is associated to a line number. 686. How to define to define a Hidden filed in DSPF ? Define a filed in a DSPF of use HIDDEN.(H) 687. How To get the cursor position? With the help of RTNCSRLOC keyword, here we need to define a field to get row an d column. Length of variable should be 5,0 fixed We can specify *FILED for filed *REC for Record on which a key is pressed. SQL / 400 Structured Query Language

688. What is the stored procedure and how do you define a stored procedure. A stored procedure is a program that can be called to perform operations that ca n include both host language statements and SQL statements. Procedures in SQL pr ovide the same benefits as procedures in a hot language. That is, a common piece of code need only be written and maintained once and can be called from several programs. Stored procedures can be used in both distributed and non-distributed applicaitons. It is defined using DECLARE PROCEDURE statement, syntax is as below EXEC SQL DELCARE P1 PROCEDURE (:PARM1 INOUT CHAR(10))

(EXTERNAL NAME MYLIB/PROC1 LANGUAGE RPGLE SIMPLE CALL WITH NULLS); END-SQL We can have parameters as IN , OUT , INOUT type. Language can be RPGLE, C, CL, e tc.. MYLIB/PROC1 this PROC1 is a program written and compiled separately and it is of language which you are specifying in section LANGUAGE. 689. Writing an SQL statement from selecting records from TWO files using single statement and Nested select statement. Using Single statement. SELECT * FROM FILE1, FILE2 WHERE FILE1.FLD1 = FILE2.FLD1 Using Nested Select statement SELECT * FROM FILE1 WHERE FILE1.FLD1 EQ (SELECT FILE2.FLD1 FROM FILE2) 690. How do you achieve referential integrity? By adding Referential Integrity Constraints to a Physical file or Logical file. Constraints like PRIMARY KEY, FOREGIN KEY, DELETE RULE, UPDATE RULE. ETC. Commands are ADDPFCST for Physical file and ADDLFCST for Logical file. Type of constraints A referential constraint is being added *REFCST *UNQCST A unique constraint is being added. *PRIKEY A primary key constraint is being added *CHKCST A check constraint is being added Type of Delete rule (DLTRULE) *NOACTION 1. Deleting a record in parent file is permitted (not restricted) if data for a non-null parent key does not match data for a foreign key. Deleting a record in a parent file is restricted (does not occur) if data for a non-null parent key matches data for a foreign key. *RESTRICT Deleting a record in a parent file is permitted if data for a non-null parent ke y does not match data for a foreign key. Deleting a record in a parent file is restricted if data for a non-null parent k ey matches data for a foreign key. *CASCADE The cascade delete rule is used. Deleting a record in a parent file causes match ing records in the dependent file to be deleted when data for a non-null parent key matches data for a foreign key. Type of Update rule (UPDRULE) *NOACTION No Action *RESTRICT Updating a y does not Updating a ey matches record in a parent file is permitted if data for a non-null parent ke match data for a foreign key. record in a parent file is restricted if data for a non-null parent k data for a foreign key.

691. Where Stored procedure lies in the system. If we want to have a look where the stored procedure, we can have a look through SQL. Select * from ?????????????????????

692. Difference between View and Index ? View will not any data.. It only shows a data from table while Index has a Index ing Data for a sequence on which Index is created. View is similar to Logical fi le without having Key and Index is similar to Logical File having Key (as keyed logical file has access path data) Table is similar to PF. 693. Can we have records (with fields from more than one file) from multiple fil es and Nested / sub query in SQL ? Yes, we can have record from multiple file with join condition and we also can h ave nested query or subquery like SELECT * FROM FILE1 WHERE FILE1.FLD1 IN (SELEC T FILE2.FLD1 FROM FILE2) 694. What is the sequence when using CURSOR? Define Cursor Declare Cursor Open Cursor Fetch record Processing Close Cursor 695. Different type of Cursor? Two types of Cursor Simple / Serial Cursor A serial cursor is one defined without SCROLL key word For serial cursor each row is fetched only once per OPEN When it is opened it is positioned before the first row in the table. To use serial cursor we have to re-issue OPEN Scrollable Cursor which is defined with SCROLL key word. Cursor defined with SCROLL key word Rows of cursor can be fetched many times When it is opened it is positioned before the first row in the table. When the FETCH is issued , the cursor is positioned to the row of the table that is specified by the POSITION option. (FIRST, LAST, PREV, NEXT, RELATIVE)