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ProfiCAD - electrical schematics software

Version 6
If you cannot find answer to your question here, please send an e-mail to info@proficad.com

Last update on February 2nd, 2012. This document in PDF: http://www.proficad.com/ProfiCAD.pdf

getting started
Proceed as follows to get familiar with ProfiCAD: Help The first source of information about ProfiCAD software is this help file (F1). We tried to keep it as brief as possible so that the user does not have to spend much time searching the required information. If you cannot find the information you need, try the help search engine: Switch to the "Search" tab Enter the item you want to search (e.g. "snap") and press Enter. A list of articles containing the entered work is displayed. You can use wild characters * or ? * stands for any number of characters ? stands for one character Sample diagrams Go through the sample diagrams, which are installed with the program (SXE files) to get an idea about program possibilities. Questions We welcome any questions and tips for program improvement. Please send your feedback to: info@proficad.com. All your questions will be answered quickly (generally within 24 hours). Warning - please check whether your e-mail box works correctly. Frequently, we cannot send answers to questions because the response cannot be delivered. If you do not receive the answer to your questions, please check whether your e-mail box works correctly! Do you have the latest version? If you purchased the ProfiCAD program from a third party rather than downloading it directly from www.proficad.com website, check whether you have the latest program version (build) on www.proficad.com website. You might find that a new version is available wih new functions and/or file format. Check your program version by selecting the Help - About menu commands. Registered users are informed about new versions well in advance.

ProfiCAD Components
File ProfiCAD.exe ProfiCAD.chm common.dll mfc100u.dll msvcp100.dll msvcr100.dll XCrashReport.exe key.dat english.ini espanol.ini deutsch.ini ... etc. Description Diagram editor ProfiCAD program help Dynamic libraries required for program operation Sends out an error log when the program crashes down Location program root directory program root directory program root directory

program root directory

Licence key, which you will receive program root directory after the purchase of the program Contains text strings used in the program. program root directory\lang

These files form the library of several files with .ppd symbols. Each files bears and .picd suffixes information about a single component files with .lin extension files with .ptb extension These files contain lines styles definitions These files contain title blocks definitions

"Documents"\proficad library

"Documents"\proficad library\_LIN "Documents"\proficad library\_TB "Documents"\samples

several files with .sxe Sample diagrams extension charmap.txt

Contains a list of special characters C:\Documents and (greek, math, technical etc.) for easy Settings\your_name\Application insertion into the text Data\ProfiCAD C:\Documents and Contains a list of favourite diagram Settings\your_name\Application symbols Data\ProfiCAD Contains list of documents which were open during the last usage of the program C:\Documents and Settings\your_name\Application Data\ProfiCAD

favs.txt *

ProfiCAD.wsp *

updater.exe

Executes both manual and automatic updates of the program. It is launched by menu Windows Start program root directory\updater - Programs - ProfiCAD - Check for updates.

settings.ini english.xml, slovensky.xml atd.

Configuration file of the updater Language configuration file of the updater

program root directory\updater program root directory\updater/lng

* These files are not installed, they are created by the program

Program Relocation
If you need to move the program to a different directory or a new computer, just move the above mentioned files. It is not necessary to reinstall the program. The program may also be run from an external hard disk or a flashdisk.

Electrical Symbols and IC library


Symbol and IC library comprises files with "PPD" (symbols) or "PICD" (IC) extensions. Each file contains one symbol. Individual symbols contained in the diagram are copies of the symbols from the library. Therefore you can send your diagram to anybody regardless the fact whether they have copies of the symbols on their PC or not. If you modify the symbol in the Symbol Editor program, the symbols in you previously made diagrams will not change.

frequently asked questions and answers


How can I add symbols to the favourites pane? Drag them onto the heart icon. What symbols are available in the full version? Do you have other symbols? The full version contains the same symbols as the home version. The symbols library is being enhanced continuously. You can easily create symbols in the ProfiCAD symbols editor. You can find additional symbols on gallery.proficad.com. If you created symbols on your own, please consider submitting them to the library. Is it possible to edit the title block fields? Go to File-Settings-Summary information menu to edit the title block fields. How do I install a new version of the program? When installing a new version (e.g. replacing the 2.x version by 3.0, etc.) it will normally be necessary to convert the diagrams and libraries. Always stick to the installation instructions. When installing a new build (e.g. replacing the 2.0 version by 2.1) just install the new build over the existing one. Download the installation file for upgrade (the icon on the right). In this case the installation does not change the libraries and sample diagrams which you already have. If you have purchased ProfiCAD, there is a key.dat file on your hard disk (this file is stored in the ProfiCAD directory on your PC). This file will not be modified during installation and your license will therefore still be valid. CAUTION!!! - Do not forget to back up your files, both ProfiCAD and other important files on your PC! If I modify a symbol in the symbol editor, will this symbol be changed in all diagrams I have already drawn? No! It is not possible as each symbol is stored as a unique copy in every diagram. Your diagram is therefore independent on you library of symbols and it can easily be transmitted to anyone else. This applies for versions 3.0 and up (for IC versions 3.1 and up). How do I number the pins in symbol editor? Do I have to set up the font for each text label separately. If installed on your PC, select the "small fonts" font as this setting will allow you to use very small font sizes. Select one text label and set up the font and its size. Now use Ctrl+C and Ctrl+V to copy and paste the other text labels and just set up the necessary font. When I attempt printing the diagram on the 5L laser printer, some lines blur and some parts of the diagram are not printed at all.

Adjust the resolution of your printer from 600 DPI to 300 DPI (see Printer property settings). An object cannot be selected - when clicking on an object it cannot be selected and a different object, further from the pointer is highlighted instead. When creating a symbol, graphical shapes needs to be placed in a symmetric way, so that the symbol is symmetric to axes of the working screen.

Correct

Incorrect

When drawing the lines to gates and IC it is only possible to connect some pins. This is the snap problem as some of the pins are out of the snap. You can solve this problem by pressing the Shift key, which temporarily disables the snap. How can I link two components, which are far one from each other and are not displayed on the screen both at the same time. Option 1: when drawing a link between the components use cursor keys to move the screen area in the appropriate direction. Option 2: adjust the scale to a smaller value, e.g. 50 %. When I sometimes want to rotate the text or label in the "View" menu all angles are ticked and it is impossible to rotate the text. Only main text labels can be rotated. It is not possible to rotate the symbol labels (types and values). Can I customise the gates? When pasting a gate the program lists only the default gate symbol to select and I have not found a way how to customise it. After you insert the gate, press the Escape key (to make the cursor change to arrow), place the arrow over the gate and click the right mouse button. A dialog box allowing you to customise the gate parameters (number of outlets, gate type, etc.) will appear. Please send your questions by e-mail to info@proficad.com

keyboard shortcuts - accelerators


To speed up work with the program the following keyboard shortcuts may be used: SHORTCUT ICON MENU COMMAND Ctrl + A Edit - Select All Ctrl + B Edit - Copy to clipboard as image Ctrl + C Edit - Copy Ctrl + N File - New Ctrl + O File - Open Ctrl + P File - Print Ctrl + S File - Save Shift + S File - Save As Ctrl + V Edit - Paste Ctrl + W Closes the current document Ctrl + X Edit - Cut Ctrl + Z Edit - Back * on Numeric Keyboard View - Center working area F1 Help Redraw the list of symbols in diagram F5 editor F12 File - Options B Draw - Curve G Draw - Polygon E Draw - Ellipse H Insert - Gate I Insert - IC L Draw - Polyline M View - Grid N Insert - Label O Draw - Rectangle P View - Pan document area S Insert - Wire T Insert - Text U Draw - Line Z Draw - Rounded rectangle Esc Go to selection mode

ProfiCAD gallery
ProfiCAD gallery, which can be found at http://gallery.proficad.com, is an Internet service for ProfiCAD program users. On this website you can find additional electrical symbols and diagrams. There is also a search engine available, which allows to search the database of symbols and diagrams using keywords, categories and upload date on the website. On the web, there is also a discussion forum on individual symbols and diagrams. On the ProfiCAD gallery website you can find symbols and diagrams, which have been created by other ProfiCAD users. You can share symbols and diagrams you created with others, just send them to the gallery.

panels
ProfiCAD provides several panels that facilitate common tasks. These panels can be dragged and docked to any side of the working area. They either autohide to conserve space or the can be pinned.

There are two small buttons in the top right hand corner of each panel. You can use the first one (pin) to pin the panel to switch off the auto-hide feature. The other button closes the panel completely. It can be re-enabled by manu command Show-Panel od using the "Panels" toolbar.

The panels toolbar contains these buttons: symbols graphically symbols textually favourites explorer properties integrated circuits layers

symbols and favourites


Panel Symbols is used to insert symbols into the document. It has two parts: the upper part shows groups of symbols. The lower one shows symbols of the active group. How to insert a symbol: select a symbol in the lower part of the pane. Move mouse pointer over the work area. Drop the symbol by pressing the left mouse button. If you click the right button, the symbol is rotated by 90. Insert as many symbol as you wish. Hit the Esc key to finish inserting. You can drag frequently used symbols to the Favourites panel. You can remove a symbol from the Favourites panel by dragging it back to the Symbols panel.

explorer
Panel Explorer facilitates work with large documents. It makes it easy to select small object that would be dificult to select using the mouse. The fact that the Explorer takes up space is compensated by its ability to scroll selected object into the visible area of the work space. If you have multiple monitors, you can drag Explorer to the other monitor and gain more space. With Explorer it is possible to discover some errors - for example having two symbols in the same position, a line that is too short and therefore cannot be seen etc. Removing such objects from the document reduces its size and makes ProfiCAD work faster.

layers
The new "Layers" panel is used for switching through layers. Select the active layer (currently used in the drawing) from the list.

Buttons:
1. moves a layer up. 2. moves a layer down. 3. adds a layer. 4. renames a layer. 5. deletes a layer. Only empty layers can be deleted.

properties
When an object is selecting (by mouse or from the Explorer panel), its properties can be set from the Properties panel.

Position of objects are shown in tenths of mm. Line style is selected from a list. You can definecustom line styles. If two components with the same hatching type are displayed next to each other, it is necessary to ensure that the hatching of the components is not linked. This can be ensured by modifying the setting of these two values (or just one of these values). The upper picture shows an incorrect setting of hatching, the lower picture shows the correct setting.

integrated circuits
You can use IC panel to set up properties of integrated circuits.

how to draw electrical diagrams


1. Choose the size of the drawing and set it in program settings (F12) - Document - Size

2. insert title block (if not already inserted) using command program settings (F12) - title block

3. if you will need multiple layers, prepare them in the Layers panel a name them accordingly to their intended use

4. if you want to use a scanned floor plan, insert it in the lower layer

5. for the coarse objects placement start with snap 10 mm and decrease it gradually

6. insert the symbols and other objects and place them to their final positions. Leave some space at the edges of the drawing to allow for the possibility of printing on a different printer.

7. Before you draw connections (wires), make sure that the symbols are properly placed (at least the most important ones). It is possible to move symbols with wires attached to them, but only for short distances. The shift of already wired symbols may break their connections.

8. Use the "s" key to switch to the wires drawing mode and start drawing wires. Start with the major wires crossing the entire length of the drawing. If any connection was started the wrong way and you are not able to continue, cancel it with the Esc key, and draw it once again. You can end a connection in the air by pressing the right mouse button.

9. you can use the function File - List of wires to verify all wires have been attached correctly

10. make sure no texts, symbols nor wires overlap

how to insert symbols


The ProfiCAD program uses three types of symbols: symbols from libraries - these symbols are loaded from the PPD files. They can be edited in the Symbol Editor. integrated circuits (IC) - these symbols are loaded from the PICD files. They can be edited in the Symbol Editor. built-in symbols - gates and transformers. Only some parameters (number of outlets, coils, etc.) can be edited for these symbols Symbol inserting Library symbols (graphical symbols panel): The symbol palette will appear when you hover over the symbol panel with your mouse. Left-click the symbol to insert it into the schematic. Right-click to open the symbol in the symbol editor.

Library symbols (textual symbols panel): Select a symbol group from the group list (upper left symbol of the screen). Now the symbols from the selected group are displayed in the lower left window of the screen. Select the symbol you want from the lower left window of the screen.

Select the selected symbol location on the screen by moving the mouse pointer to the desired spot. If you need to rotate the symbol click the right mouse button. Each click will cause the symbol to rotate by 90 . Press the left mouse button to complete the symbol inserting. Proceed in the same way for other symbols from the selected group, which you want to draw in your diagram. Now switch to the view mode (for instance by pressing the Esc key or the button on the toolbar). you can move the frequently used symbols into the "favourites" group. This will allow you to find the symbols you need more easily. To move the symbols in the "favourite" group, proceed as follows: 1. Select a symbol or group of symbols by the left mouse button. 2. Drag the symbol over the "favourite" folder (to drag the symbols press and hold the left mouse button). 3. When the mouse pointer changes its form (to a rectangle and +) release the left mouse button. The symbols are now in the "favourites" group. Proceed in the same way to drag the symbols back from the "favourite" group to the "all" group.

Transformers: Select "Insert" - "Transformer". A dialog box appears where the number of primary and secondary windings can be set (maximum number of coils for each winding is 6). Select the core type and press OK. The transformer is now inserted in the document. If you double click the left mouse button on a symbol, a dialog box allowing you to set the symbol properties will appear on the screen.

Gate: Select "Insert" - "Gate". Now press the left mouse button on the spot of the document where you want to place your symbol. symbol properties Every symbol has two basic properties: type and value.

The type stands for the symbol type. R for resistor, C for capacitor, T for transistor, etc. The value defines electric properties of the symbol, e.g. resistance in , capacity in pF, transistor type, etc. For each symbol you can also set the position of the labels describing the type and value properties. The units are tenths of mm. The easiest way to set the position of these labels is to drag the text by mouse. If you need to set up the label position more precisely set the position by numbers. The last setting allows you to toggle on/off the text label displaying. Use this function if you do not want to display the labels in the document but want them to appear in the netlist or bill of material. When a diagram contains a symbol, which is not in your library (you obtained the diagram from someone), you can save it (by pressing the "Save" button) and update your symbol library. Moving the symbols in the diagram If you want to move a symbol in the diagram, proceed as follows: 1. Click the left mouse button on the symbol. 2. Drag the symbol to the position, where you want it to be (do not forget to hold the left mouse button when dragging the symbol). 3. symbols get automatically fixed at the grid. If you want to place a symbol out of the grid, press and

hold the Shift key while dragging it. 4. You can move several symbols at a time if you previously selected them. 5. It is possible to move the symbols (for very short distances) using the cursor keys. Select the symbols you want to move first. When you press the cursor key the selected symbols will move by one tenths of mm in the appropriate directions. Automatic numbering All symbols in the diagram are automatically numbered, e.g. have a unique type number. For instance if the symbol type is "R", individual symbols of the same kind are numbered "R1", "R2"... etc. If no type is selected for the symbol, only the numbers are assigned to it, e.g. "1", "2"... etc. Color of symbols Individual symbols in the diagram can be colored. The color is selected by the "Object" - "Border color" menu command.

how to draw electrical wires


It is recommended to draw wires between the symbols only after you have placed all the symbols into your diagram. Proceed as follows: 1. Select Insert - Wire or press the Wire button on the toolbar. You can also use the short-cut "s" key. 2. The mouse pointer shape changes (soldering iron). 3. Move the pointer to the outlet, where you want to start the wire. When the cursor comes close (several milimeters), the appropriate outlet will be displayed in red. You can now press the left mouse button to confirm that this is the starting point of the wire.

4. After you confirm the starting point of the wire you can draw it in any of the 8 directions (8 octant axes of the working area) by draging the mouse in the appropriate direction.

5. If the outlet of the symbol you want to wire to the previously wired symbol lies in one of these 8 directions, move the mouse pointer close to the outlet you want to wire with the previously wired outlet and as soon as the outlet on the other symbol gets red press the left mouse button. You have now confirmed the end point of the wire and your wire has been drawn. Caution - you must wait until the outlet gets red to click your left mouse button. If you click the mouse before the selected outlet gets red the program will assume that you want to make a branch to your wire and a branch will be drawn. 6. If you need to add a branch to your wire, press the left mouse button at the starting position of the branch. Again, a line in one of the 8 directions will be made by dragging the mouse in the appropriate direction. This way you can add as many branches as you like. 7. If the outlet of the symbol you want to wire to the previously wired symbol does not lie in one of these 8 directions, move the mouse pointer close to the outlet you want to wire with the previously wired outlet and as soon as the outlet on the other symbol gets red press the left mouse button. When clicking the

wired symbol does not lie in one of these 8 directions, move the mouse pointer close to the outlet you want to wire with the previously wired outlet and as soon as the outlet on the other symbol gets red press the left mouse button. When clicking the mouse button the end point of the wire is confirmed and the wire is drawn. Caution - you must wait until the outlet gets red to click your left mouse button. If you click the mouse before the selected outlet gets red the program will think that you want to make a branch to your wire and a branch will be drawn.

8. After the first wire is completed you can start drawing the next one. You can interrupt wire drawing any time by pressing the Esc key.

Drawing a wire between a symbol and another wire

1. The procedure is the same as when drawing a wire between two symbols but in this case you end the wire on the next wire (by clicking the left mouse button). A drop showing the interconnection of wires will be added automatically.

2. In case of crossed wires you can draw the drop showing the junction of wires by the "Insert" - "junction" menu commands. You can also use the icon on the toolbar.

Adjustment of completed wires Completed wires can be adjusted (position and shape adjustment):

1. Select the wire (by clicking the left mouse button over it). At the starting point, end point and branch points black squares will be displayed.

2. Press the left mouse button and drag one of the black squares to change the wire position.

3. If you want to move the whole wire, press the left mouse button anywhere out of the black square area and drag the wire to its new position. 4. You can also move the whole blocks of symbols, including the corresponding wires.

5. If there is enough space around the wire, it can be freely moved as shown in the picture:

Drawing the wires which do not connect the symbols Sometimes you will need to draw a wire which will start or end "in the air", (not on a symbol's outlet). These wires can be drawn in the same way as the normal wires but by pressing the right mouse button. After that you can proceed in the normal way (draw branches by clicking the left mouse button). If you need to end your wire "in the air" press the right mouse button.

striped wires

the procedure: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. select a wire, if the Properties panel is not visible, double-click the wire if the Properties panel select a line type select the first color select the second color enable the second color

how to draw graphical shapes


graphical shapes are used to draw links between individual components of electric wiring diagrams, such as mechanical links between individual components, border lines around individual functional units, etc. Individual graphical shapes to be drawn may be selected from the "Draw" menu or by pressing the corresponding soft button on the toolbar. Line First select the line graphic object from the "Draw" menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your line, drag the mouse to the end point of your line and press the left mouse button. You can now start drawing another line or select a new graphic object from the menu. Polyline First select the polyline graphic object from the "Draw" menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your line, drag the mouse to the next point of your line, press the left mouse button, drag the mouse to the next point, etc. After you have completed drawing the polyline, press the Esc key. Curve Use this function to draw one or several linked Bezier curves. The curves are automatically linked together to get a smooth link. First select the curve graphic object from the "Draw" menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your curve, drag the mouse to the next point of your curve, press the left mouse button, drag the mouse to the next point of the curve, etc. After you have completed drawing the curve, press the Esc key.

The Bezier curve shape is defined by 4 points: two end points and two control points. The ends of the curve are defined by the two end points. The curve shape also depends on the control points, which act like magnets. Based on the distance of the control points from the end points the shape of the curve is defined. Therefore the curve may take many different shapes. Rectangle First select the rectangle graphic object from the "Draw" menu. Then click the left mouse button at the rectangle left upper corner , drag the mouse to the right bottom point of your rectangle and press the left mouse button. You can now start drawing another rectangle or select a new graphic object from the menu. Rounded rectangle

The procedure is similar to drawing a rectangle except a third point, which is used here to define rectangle rounding. Arc, chord and pie Proceed in the same way as when drawing a rectangle but you will also need to set up the starting and end angles of the arc. Enter the values of the angles in the Properties panel in tenths of degree.

Ellipse The procedure is similar to rectangle drawing but the inscribed ellipse is drawn instead of the rectangle. Polygon Draws a polygon. First select the polygon graphic object from the "Draw" menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your polygon, drag the mouse to the next point of your polygon, press the left mouse button, drag the mouse to the next point, etc. After you have completed drawing the polygon, press the Esc key. Outlet Outlet can be inserted only in schematics editor (document .sxe). It is defined by one point. It is displayed in red to be easy visible and it is larger when it is selected. Orthogonal drawing mode Orthogonal drawing mode is activated by pressing Ctrl key when drawing objects. Lines are drawn vertically, horizontally or with angle 45. Rectangles and ellipses are drawn as squares and circles in this mode.

reference grid

Reference grid serves for better orientation in large drawings (File - Options - Document - Reference Grid). You can specify along which edges the grid will be displayed. It is also possible to enable centering marks.

The area (sector) where the mouse pointer is located is shown in the status bar. It is also displayed in the list of wires for the ends of each wire.

The reference grid is available in the paid version of ProfiCAD only.

import from AutoCAD (DXF and DWG)


This feature is predominantly intended for pasting a building floor projection to a drawing and sketching electro-installation. Procedure: 1. Select the background layer from the Layer tab 2. Select the "Insert - AutoCAD document" command. A dialog window will appear. Open a DXF or DWG document using the "Open" button. The document will take a few seconds to convert and the document preview will display. 3. Paste the document to the drawing using the "Paste" button. The document can be saved in the PNG format using the "Save" button, edited in any graphic application and pasted to the drawing using the "Insert - Image" command later on.

working with documents


Electrical diagrams are saved on your hard drive as files with "sxe" extension. Commands for working with your electrical diagrams are located in the "File" menu. Some of the commands may be activated using buttons on the toolbar. New Creates a new document. Open Opens an existing document, stored on your hard drive. Close Closes the active document, e.g. the document, which is currently opened. If you have not saved the last changes to your document, you will be asked to save the document before its closed. Save Saves the active document, e.g. the document, which is currently opened. Is it important to save your work as frequently as possible. Save as... Saves the active document, e.g. the document, which is currently opened, under a new name. This will allow you to save your document under a new name. Print Prints the active document. Print preview Shows the layout of the document as it will be printed on the paper. Printer settings Shows a dialog box to set printer parameters, such as paper size, feeder type, print quality, etc. Send... Sends the active document by e-mail. This function only works if you have an e-mail client (such as Microsoft Outlook Express 6) installed on your PC. Export...

...more about the Export... command Bill of material... This command displays a dialog box with a list of symbols used in the electrical diagram. The symbols are sorted into groups. This list of symbols can be exported into a text file. The exported file is in a Tab Separated Values format. The exported list of symbols can be opened - for instance - in MS Excel. You can also insert this list into the drawing. ...more about Bill of material Netlist... This command displays a dialog box with a netlist - list of wires and symbol outlets conneted to them. This netlist can be exported into a text file. The exported file is Tab Separated Values format. The exported list can be opened - for instance - in MS Excel. You can also insert this list into the drawing. ...more about Netlist

inserting images
Images (such us photographs) can be inserted in the document. Supported image formats are BMP, JPG, PNG, GIF and WMF. To insert an image into the document do one of the following: 1. Select an image in Windows explorer, do Ctrl+C, then Ctrl+V in the ProfiCAD drawing. 2. Drag and image from Windows explorer to the ProfiCAD drawing 3. Use the menu commands "Insert" - "Image". A dialog box allowing you to select the image you want to insert will appear.

Before you Insert an image in the document,adjust the image in the graphics editor to avoid the increase of the document size. For black and white documents we recommend setting the number of colours to just black and white (in most graphics editors this command is generally called "decrease colour depth"). For image adjustment we recommend for instance a freeware program IrfanView

working with objects


The following operations can be performed with objects (parts, graphical shapes and text): Selecting an object Object (symbol or graphic object) can be selected by the left mouse button. If you want to select several objects at a time, press and hold the Ctrl key while selecting the objects by clicking the left mouse button. If the objects we want to select are located in a rectangular area, we can select them in the following way: 1. click the left mouse button in the upper left corner of the area you want to select. 2. move the mouse pointer to the bottom right corner of the area you want to select while holding the left mouse button. Cloning an object Press and hold Ctrl key. Drag the object with mouse (as if you wanted to move it). A copy of the object is created. Rotating Symbols and texts can be rotated by angles with multiples of 45. To rotate an object use the menu commands "Object" - "Rotate". On the Rotate tab enter the rotation angle. You can also use icons from the toolbar to rotate the object per 90 steps (for 45 rotation use the commands from the menu).

Flipping Symbols and some graphical objects can be flipped both vertically and horizontally. To flip an object use the menu commands "Object" - "Flip horizontaly" or "Flip verticaly". You can also use icons from the toolbar to flip an object.

Alignment Symbols, texts and graphical shapes can be aligned. Use the "Align" menu commands. The alignment commands become available when at least two objects are selected. You can align to both right and left side (vertical axe aligning) and upper and lower borderline (horizontal axe). The alignment is always based on the first object you have selected.

Changing the order of graphical shapes layers Sometimes it may be necessary to change the order of graphic object layers. This can be done by using the arrows in the Explorer panel (they move the selected object one position closer or further).

Availability of described operations The following table summarises operations, which can be performed with objects: symbols rotating flipping alignment changing the order of graphical shapes layers YES YES YES YES graphical shapes NO lines, curves and polygons YES YES texts YES (only one row texts) NO YES YES group of symbols NO YES NO NO

inserting texts
You can paste any text into your document by using the "Insert"-"Lettering" or "Insert"-"Text" commands. To make text inserting easier, there are two types of texts: a lettering and a text. Both, the lettering and text were assigned a default font. However you can easily change the font setting using the toolbar commands, so any font can be used.

Fonts for symbol labels (types and values) and fonts for the title block are set globally in the document settings window. A double-click on the label shows a dialog box, where you can enter the text. Less frequent characters may be entered in the following ways: using Alt+numeric code of the character. For instance, the character can be inserted by pressing Alt+937. clicking on the selected character on the character map, which can be found in the left part of the dialog box. You can add the characters you need to use in the character map. This can be done in the program settings menu on the "Others" tab. by entering the character from the Windows default character map (Start-Programs-AccessoriesSystem tools-Character map).

Some characters may be displayed as a square. This is because these characters are not available in

the selected font. Select another font. We recommend for instance the "Lucida Sans Unicode" font.

line styles
Program ProfiCAD uses predefined line styles in the LIN format which is also used in some CAD systems. Line style definitions are stored in files with "lin" extension which are located in the _LIN folder in the library. There can be multiple lin files there - in such case the line definitions are merged (i.e styles from all files are then available). In the Properties panel you can set select a style of a line using this dialog:

LIN Format: It is a text file. Each line style definition has two lines. The first line starts with character * followed by the name of the style, then a description separated by ",". The second line starts with A followed by a row of comma separated numbers. The first number means the length of a line segment. The following number is a length of a space. The following number is length of a line segment and so on. The unit is inch. Number 0 denotes a dot. Example: *dash dot dot (2x), ____ . ____ . ____ . ___ A,1.0,-.5,0,-.5 First line denotes the name of the style 1.0 segment of length 1"

0.5 space 0.5" 0 means dot 0.5 space 0.5" then it all goes on. For better understanding it is recommended to study file lines.lin in the _LIN folder.

Export to Image Format

Command File - Export... or icon #1 saves a document or its part as an image. You can choose from the following formats: bitmap, PNG or EMF. FORMAT Bitmap CHARACTERISTICS AND USE Basic graphics format of Windows system. It is a raster graphics format. The image is saved as a two dimensional field of pixels. If you change the dimensions of raster graphics image the image quality will be lower. PNG is, the same as Bitmap, a raster graphics format. Advantage of this format is a very high compression rate. Therefore a PNG file is much smaller than a bitmap file. A black and white electronics diagram saved in a PNG format does not take up more than just several Kbs. Small diagrams frequently take up even less than 1 KB! This format is very useful for publishing the electrical diagrams on the Internet, as part of HTML pages). EMF is a vector graphics format. The main advantage of this format is the fact that the image is stored as instructions to draw the graphics item the image is composed of. Dimensions of the image can be adjusted without affecting the image quality. The image quality remains the same. EMF format is particularly useful when inserting your electrical diagrams into other document formats, such as MS WORD, MS EXCEL, etc. It is very easy to adjust the size, background color, contours, etc. of the electrical diagram in EMF format. It works in the same way as for instance cliparts in MS Words. In addition to exporting electrical diagrams we can also draw any other shape and use the ProfiCAD software as vector image editor.

PNG - Portable Network Graphics

EMF - Enhanced MetaFile (successor of the WMF - Windows There are two methods of pasting a electrical diagram into a MetaFile) document:

1. In ProfiCAD click on Edit - Copy the diagram to clipboard as an image. Now switch to the application in which you want to paste the diagram (for instance MS Word) and press Ctrl+V. The image is now inserted in the document. Now you can change the size, location, position, background color, frame, etc.

2. In the ProfiCAD menu select File - Export. Select the EMF file format. An .emf file will be stored to your hard drive. The EMF file can be inserted any time to any application (for instance to MS Word). Proceed as follows: Select menu Insert - Picture - From file and browse the EMF file you wish to paste into the document. There are four export options: Whole document - exports the whole document. Whole document including the title block. Screen - exports only the part of the document, which is currently visible on the screen. Before using this option adjust window size so that the area of the drawing you want to export is visible. Automatic - the program automatically selects the minimum size of the document required for displaying all symbols and graphical shapes. You can also specify whether you want a frame around the diagram or not and, if you selected the frame, its color. Finally, a dialog window will be displayed, where you need to enter the name of the exported file, where you want to save it on your hard drive (path) and type of image - black and white or coloured. Note: If you export to EMF format, the program automatically selects the automatic export option, regardless the setting you made in the dialog box. Resolution of the image is determined by the zoom that was active when the export was made - the larger zoom, the higher resolution.

Save to Clipboard

You can save the drawing to the Windows clipboard using command Edit - Save to Clipboard or icon #2. The drawing can be then pasted for example into MS Word using shortcut Ctrl+V.

export to DXF data format


DXF is a data format developed by Autodesk for enabling interoperability between CAD programs. ProfiCAD can export documents to DXF format version 21 (AutoCad 2007). Online Conversion Free online converter from SXE to DXF format is available on http://gallery.proficad.com/tools/ProfiCAD-AutoCAD.aspx (In ProfiCAD use command "Help Online Converter to DXF"). Export directly from the program Is available only in commercial version. Select menu command File - Export to DXF to export the current document. A dialog window appears where you need to select the output location of the conversion. A greater number of drawings can be converted from the command line in a batch mode.

The procedure: 1. 2. 3. 4. Launch the command line. Navigate to the directory where the program is installed (probably C:\Program Files\ProfiCAD\) Go to subdirectory "lib" Execute statement for %g in (location_of_the_drawings\*.sxe) do proficad2dxf.exe "%g" For example if the drawings you want to convert are in directory "h:\test", the statement will look like this: for %g in (h:\test\*.sxe) do proficad2dxf.exe "%g" 5. The statement will convert all drawings in the path, including those in the subdirectories This feature requires Microsoft .NET Framework Version 2.0 or newer. Download page of this library may change. If this link does not work, try enter "Microsoft .NET Framework verze 2.0 Redistributable Package" into your internet search engine. The size of .NET framework is 22.4 MB.

It is also necessary to run the program update (at least once), because the necessary files are installed during the update.

bill of material and netlist


You can generate the netlist from the File - Netlist menu. Before the netlist generation the program automatically checks the types of all symbols for correctness. Every symbol must have a type defined and this type must be unique in the whole document. The type can be set up in the dialog box, which can be called out by double clicking on the symbol. If the program finds any errors in the symbols, the list of these errors is generated instead of the netlist. The netlist format is RACAL REDAC. Every single line of the netlist represents one node. Each node consists of a list of symbols and their outlets (a space is used as a separator). For instance the node R1 1 T3 2 means a connection between the first outlet of the R1 resistor with the second outlet of the T3 transistor. Symbol outlets are numbered automatically based on the order in which they were created in the symbol editor. To see the outlet numbers, switch the outlet number displaying on (View - Show outlet numbers). The decision whether a wire and an outlet represent a conductive link is based on whether they have exactly the same position. It is therefore necessary to draw links only when all the symbols have been drawn. Be careful not to move the symbol by 0.1mm accidentally when using the cursor keys. Such small position change is not noticeable and the concerned links in the diagram will therefore not be conductive. When you have generated the netlist, switch on the outlet number displaying (View - Show outlet numbers) and check the correctness of the diagram. Example of a netlist For this diagram

the program generated the following netlist:

and the following bill of material:

It is not necessary for the symbol types to be unique in the diagram for generating the bill of material. When you insert the netlist or the bill of material in a file, they become normal texts, which can freely be modified. When you change the diagram (links between parts) do not forget to generate a new netlist/list of symbols.

list of wires
List of wires can be generated by command File - List of wires. Each row in the table lists a wire and both components connected by the wire (in format component:outlet number).

print symbols
In the paid version it is possible to print the symbols from your library using the menu command File - Print Symbols. A dialog window appears where you can select the group(s) of symbols you want to print. You can also specify the density of the symbols, i. e. how many symbols should printed side by side.

The program shows how many symbols have been selected and how many sheets of paper will be needed. Start printing (or print preview) using the usual icons on the toolbar or use the Ctrl+P shortcut.

groups of symbols
The symbols are organized in PPD files in groups (directories). Symbol group names must not contain restricted characters \ / : * ? " < > | and must not start with the _ character. If you need to reorganize the groups, you can use any file manager, such as Windows Commander, Total Commander, Windows Explorer, etc. Creating a group Create a directory in the library. Renaming a group Rename a directory in the library. Deleting a group Delete a directory in the library.

drawing electrical symbols


changing existing symbol Start editing a symbol by double clicking it in the textual symbols pane or right-click it in the graphical palette. creating a symbol Use command File - New symbol. A new document is created. Draw the graphics elements (lines, rectangles) that make up the symbol. Completed symbol must be saved in the library - the directory that is set in the program settings in the "path" dialog. If you plan to create a symbol that is similar to some other symbol that already exists in the library, it is advisable to create it as a copy and sketch in the parts that are different. This will ensure the symbols in the library will keep their consistency in terms of dimensions, outlet locations, etc. In the symbols palette, right-click on the symbol used as a pattern to open a menu containing two commands. The first one is "Open symbol"; the second one is "Create similar symbol".

A dialogue box appears upon selecting the second command. Enter the new symbol title. If the symbol is supposed to be in a different group, press the "Change" button and select the target group. When confirmed using the OK button, the process of creating the new symbol is completed. All that is left to be done is making the changes that distinguish the new symbol from the original (sample) and saving the symbol. have the symbols drawn for you If you cannot be bothered by drawing the symbols yourself, you can have them drawn for you for a fee. The price depends on the quantity and complexity of your symbols. For any questions, please use

our contact form. The symbols are stored in files with "pps" extension (normal symbols) or "picd" extension (integrated circuits). When creating a symbol, graphical shapes needs to be placed in a symmetric way, so that the symbol is symmetric to axes of the working screen.

Correct

Incorrect

positioning the outlets The outlets need to be aligned. The figure shows an incorrectly positioned outlet which results in inability to wire the symbol, because the wire to another symbol would not be horizontal.

The majority of the symbols supplied with the program were designed with outlets spaced 2 mm or 4 mm. It is therefore preferable to keep these values in your symbols.

renaming a symbol The name of a symbol matches the name of the file in which it is stored, so just rename the file in any file manager (eg Windows Commander, Total Commander, Windows Explorer, etc.) moving symbol to a different group Move the file to a different folder.

deleting a symbol or IC Delete the file from the symbols library. You will find the path to the library in File - Options - Paths For organizing the files you can use any file manager, such as Windows Commander, Total Commander, Windows Explorer, etc.

properties of the symbols


Each symbol contains a number, default type, default value and a comment. When the symbol is being edited, you can set up these properties in File - Options - Document - Symbol

Number represents the name of the standard, in which the symbol is defined and the number of the symbol used in this standard. This parameter is optional and may not be specified for all symbols. If specified it is used in the standard: number format, e.g. EN 60617: 04-01-01 The default type stands for the symbol type. R for resistor, C for capacitor, T for transistor, etc. The default value defines electric properties of the symbol, e.g. resistance in , capacity in pF, transistor type, etc. This value will be used as the implicit value in the diagram and you can adjust it any time. If the value is not specified, no symbol type and values will be displayed in the diagram. Comment - here, you can specify a comment. Example: For a resistor you add "R" for the type and "10K" for the value (this is done in the symbol Symbol Editor). When you insert resistors in the Diagram Editor, the first one will be "R1", "10K", the second one "R2", "10K" etc. The symbol types will be numbered automatically. symbol type and value will be displayed in the diagram. You can then adjust the values based on your actual need. For earthing symbols you select the "earth" type and do not specify any value. When you paste the

earth (mass) symbols in the Diagram Editor, the first will be named "Earth1", the second "Earth2", etc. The symbol types will be numbered automatically. Symbol type nor value will not be displayed as the value was not entered. If you think you might forget to replace the implicit value by the real one, enter "XX", "?", etc.. Otherwise use the most frequently used value in your diagrams.

rotating graphical shapes


Graphical objects can be rotated by menu command Edit - Rotate. A dialog box appears, where you can specify the how many degrees the objects should rotate and around which point. In the previous versions the rotating feature was available only in the symbols editor (it was designed for drawing rotary machines). Now rotating is available also in other editors, it is necessary set up the center point of rotating correctly. There are two types of rotating: 1. type (lines, polylines and bezier curves) - each point of the object is rotated by given angle. 2. type (other objects) - only the mid-point of the object is rotated by given angle.

Let us illustrate rotating in an example, drawing a three phase machine: step 1 Create the first branch of the machine. It is made up of two lines, three bezier curves and an outlet.

step 2 Select all objects with the mouse pointer and save them to the clipboard by Ctrl+C. Then invoke menu command Edit - Rotate. Enter 120 degrees in the dialog box and hit the OK button.

step 3 Insert the original branch by Ctrl+V. Select the branch with the mouse and turn the objects by -120.

step 4 Insert the original branch again. Symbol is done.

how to resize a symbol


in the drawing in the symbols editor

in the drawing
A symbol can be resized by dragging its handles with your mouse. Handles in the corners resize the symbol while maintaining the width / height ratio. The other handles resize the symbol only in the appropriate direction. The size of a symbol can also be changed in the Properties panel, by entering values of the "scale" property for X and Y axis. It is possible to set the initial scale of the newly inserted symbols to the drawing. This option can be entered in the program settings (F12) - Paths - field "initial scale of the symbols".

If you increase the size of a symbol and you will feel that their lines are too thin, you can set a ratio by which the thickness of the lines and wires is multiplied. For example, if you specify the ratio 1.5, the line thickness will change from 0.2 mm to 0.3 mm (1.5 x 0.2 = 0.3). This setting can be entered in the program settings (F12) - Paths - field "Symbols and wires line thickness ratio.

in the editor

In the symbols editor, it is possible to change the size of a symbol using the menu command Object Resize a Symbol. A dialog box appears where you can set a new size using the slider. This feature is intended for the case when you have created a symbol and later realized that it should have a different size.

how to insert a title block into a drawing


Insert a TB into the drawing using command Options - Document - Title Block. Use the "Change" button to open the dialog window where you can select the TB you indend to use. TBs are located in the _TB folder in the symbols library. Check "Show Title Block" on the top of the window to make the TB visible. You can temporarily hide the title block by unchecking the checkbox. You can remove a TB from the document using the "Remove" button. If you remove the title block, the size of the file with the drawing will decrease. You can adjust the distance of the TB from the borders of the document. Check "Turn by 90" to turn the TB to get for example a landscape oriented drawing with a TB on the shorter side.

how to create a title block


You can use the standard title block supplied with ProfiCAD or create your own.

Title blocks (TB) are created by command File - New Title Block. You can edit existing TB by opening (File - Open Title Block) a file with .ptb extension. These files should be in the _TB folder in the symbols library. TB is made up of graphical objects - lines, rectangles texts etc. It is possible to insert an image (for example with the comapny's logo). TB should be created symmetrically by the drawing area axis, similarly as symbols.

correct

incorrect

Texts can contain a placeholder part, which is replaced with the actual data from the document from the summary info. The placeholder part is demarcated by symbols { and }. For example in text Created by: {author}

the placeholder area will be replaced with the "author" item from the summary info.

data fields in title blocks


For the TBs to work properly, every document should contain summary info. You can enter summary info in Options - Document - Summary. You can use any names for the items. The only two exceptions to this rule are items "author" and "date", because they are prefilled automatically by ProfiCAD. Names of the items must not contain spaces.

According to the norm EN ISO 7200 (June 2008) TBs should contain these data fields: name legal owner identification number revision index date of issue segment/sheet number number of segments/sheets language code title supplementary title name or code for the organizational unit responsible for the contents and maintenance of the document name of the person having sufficient technical reference knowledge of the technical contents of the document name of the person who approved the approval person document creator or person who has prepared or creator revised the document responsible department explanation name of the legal owner of the document, company name or logo should be unique - at least within the organization of the legal owner various combinations of letters or figures (AA, AB, A1 etc.) date on which the document is officially released for the first time identifies the segment or sheet number of segments or sheets language code - based on ISO 639 refers to the content of the document should not contain abbreviations recommended number of characters unspecified 16 2 10 4 4 4 25 25 10 mandatory? yes yes no yes yes no no yes no no

20 20 20

no yes yes

document type classification/key words document status page number number of pages paper size

document type field indicates the role of the document with respect to its content of 30 information and representation format the text or code to categorize the contents of unspecified the document used for retrieval for example In preparation, Under 20 approval, Released and Withdrawn etc. 4 4 for example A4 4

yes no no no no no

working environment setting


The following commands are available in the "View" menu

Grid
Toggles the auxiliary grid on/off.

Background colour
Sets the working environment background colour.

Show outlet numbers


Toggles the symbols' outlet numbers display on/off. Very useful for checking of the generated netlists. ...more about the Netlist

more information about working environment:

Zoom
A list of values for working environment scale setting (zoom) is available in the main toolbar.

Units
The program uses tenths of mm units for line thickness, label positions, etc. setting.

Snap and working environment


The snap makes it easier to align labels and draw wires.

Snap of the current document can be adjusted on the main toolbar (2). A feature called "automatic snap" can be activated by the button (1). In this mode the value od the snap is automaticaly calculated from the actual zoom.

program settings
When you run the "File" - "Settings..." menu commands, a dialog box will be displayed, where you can set the program parameters. You can make the following settings in this dialog box:

system paths control copying others service

document size fonts contents summary description title block reference grid

System - Paths
Symbols library
Set the main path (root directory), where all symbols are stored (PPD and PICD files).

Open in Windows Explorer


This button opens Windows Explorer in the directory where your ProfiCAD library is located. Useful when you need to manipulate the contents of the library (rename, move or delete files and directories).

System - Control
Enable UNDO/REDO
The UNDO/REDO function allows you to cancel the last action. In this dialog box you can disable the undo/redo function (for instance if your computer is not fast enough and has problems running with this functionality on).

Enable active wiring


Allows you to activate/deactivate the active wiring functionality. When you move a symbol, all wires attached to the symbol stay attached.

Number of steps on zoom change


The scale is being changed steplessly to prevent eye fatigue. This tab allows you to set the number of redrawing steps when the scale is changed. If your computer is fast enough, you can set up higher values (such as 20-30) so that the scale change is more smooth. If your computer is not so fast, set up lower values. If you set number 1, scale changes will be performed immediately without any intermediary steps.

Enable auto scrolling


When you move the mouse pointer to the edge of your working area, the drawing scrolls in the appropriate direction.

Confirmation when deleting


Activates/deactivates the message "Delete selected objects?" when deleting objects.

Auto-Save
Enables save documents automatically. Auto-Save saves only documents that have been saved manually before. Option "Create backup copy" creates a backup copy of the document on every save. The backup copy replaces the previous backup copy. The backup copies have extension BAK and they are saved to the same folder as the document.

System - Copying
Renumbering symbols on copying
Here you can set what will happen with the "type" value (e.g. index - for example for the R10 type the index is number 10) when copying one or more parts. The first option "Do not renumber" does not change the index value when copying (duplicate index will be created). The second option "Assign the nearest value" the copied symbol will be assigned the nearest possible index value. The third option "Add this value" means that the index of the copied symbol will be increased by the value you specified. In this last case, there is no duplicity check.

System - Others
Working area in Symbol Editor
If you draw larger symbols you can set up a higher value.

Character map
You can set up the characters you would like to add in the character map, which is displayed when entering texts in a document. The characters may be entered using Alt+numeric code (if you know the code) or via the standard Windows character map.

Use initial values of lines and wires


If you change color or thickness of a line or a wire, the next line or wire will be drawn with the same color and thickness. Not everybody may like this feature and that is why you need to switch it on in Program settings - Others - Use initial values of lines and wires.

Language
This setting allows to change the language of the program.

Check for updates at program start

At program start ProfiCAD checks whether a newer version is avalable. If yes, it is downloaded and installed. In such case, you will be prompted to save your work, because the program will need to restart. It is recommended to leave this setting on, so you always have the latest version. If you do not have permanent internet connection, please check for updates occasionaly using Windows menu Start - Program Files - ProfiCAD - Check for updates.

System - Service
Log levels
Logging allows recording software failures that occured during running the program. This information is useful for correcting possible program errors and for improving the program. The information level stored in the log file can be set up to one of the following values: Info - the highest level. All information, warnings and errors is saved. Warnings and errors - warnings and errors are saved. Errors - only errors are stored. Recommended setting. Deactivate - select if you do not want the logs to be generated. The "Log size" field specifies the log size. If no information is stored in the log, it shows 0 B. If the log file takes up too much space you can delete it by "Delete log" command.

Use the "Test log" button to check whether the log generating works.

Crashtest
If the program crashes due to a software error, an error log, containing information necessary for error fixing is generated. The "Crashtest" buttons is used to check whether this functionality works on the computer the program is installed on.

Document - Size
Dialog box Document - Size offers two options to enter the drawing area: a) specify the size of the drawing directly in mm b) derive the size of the drawing from the size and number of the sheets of paper. Because the printable area of the paper depends on the printer, you must select the printer (using the button Setup). You can specify the number of sheets of paper the width and height. The program calculates the total size of the drawing. This dialog box is used only to specify the size of the drawing, not to determine on what format of paper it will be printed. This is so because sometimes the same document printed on one sheet of example A2, sometimes on 4 sheets A4 paper size, etc. The selection is therefore carried out just before printing in the Print dialog box. We recall that the printable area of paper for each printer is slightly different. Therefore it is appropriate to calculate with a reserve, and leave some space at the borders of the drawing.

Framing
Activates/Deactivates the frame around the diagram and the title block.

Zoom
This is the print scale. It was used to adjust the printed drawing if it was not printed correctly by the printer. This setting was needed with some of the older printers that did not print correctly.

Number of pages
Sets up the number of pages of the drawing.

Page orientation
Set the landscape or portrait orientation.

Page size correction


The same as for scale, this setting was only needed with old printers, which printed out of the defined area. With some printers the drawing may not be printed completely - a small part is missing. In such cases set up the correction for example 1mm right and 1 mm bottom.

Document - Fonts
The font settings you make here are only initial settings, which can freely be modified any time. It is possible to select a font and color for each lettering and text. Fonts for types and values of symbols can also be set here. In this case, your setting will apply for the whole document.

Document - Contents
Show types and values
You can activate/deactivate displaying of all types and values (so you do not need to activate/deactivate every individual value and type).

Document - Description
Place for description of the construction.

Summary info
Here enter the data fields for the title block.

Title block
Use this dialog to insert a TB into your drawing. More info here.

Reference grid
The reference grid is used for better orientation in large drawings.