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Victor Aguilan SECULAR PERSPECTIVE OF HISTORY: History is a result of human being in relation to environment. God is not a factor in the experience of environment THEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF HISTORY: Gods presence is known collectively The presence of God is a factor in studying THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH: The issue of the presence of God in whose culture and race Where is God? What is God doing? Is God the God of all without any racial considerations? Think and reflect critically and Theologically on lots of issues concerning human existence in relation to God and other creation. Using history as a tool to strengthen and edify the church. What can we learn from the past for this generation. Ex: Recovering our indigenous heritage thats being incorporated in our liturgy. Paradox ( contradictions ) Christianity in the Philippines is almost 500 years old Protestantism is more than a hundred years old in the Philippines The Christianity that came to the Philippines came mainly from the West. Western Christianity ( 1. Roman Catholic 2. Protestant ) Western Christianity always include the Reformation history History that came to the Philippines in the 16th century were in the Roman Catholic form. PHILIPPINES > Christianity came in two forms: 1. Missionaries 2. Conquestiadories Note: The Initial Encounter Vol. 1 By: Dr. Sitoy EARLY Philippine situation ( 16th 17th Century ) 1. An archipelago ( meaning compose of Islands ) Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao Treaty Of Saragoza: Two Superpowers then ( Portugal & Spain ) mainly Roman Catholic, and its the pope who crown the King . Two main things in conquest ( Crown and Wealth ). They are in search of precious stones to be sell to Europe and spices. Gold, silver and spices. They are also motivated by religion. Spanish King and Portugues King ( Gold and Spices ) Colonization then were intertwined with religion in every voyage. Third motive: The quest for fame and glory also. Conquest is driven by political, economic , religious and personal motives. 7,100 Island 2. Philippines is compose of different groups according to language ( ethno-linguestic tribe ). Filipinos before were viewed into three different groups

( 1. Negritos indigenous black skin tone ( primitive-stone age ), 2. Indonesians darker skin stone ( level of technology, they have houses and they farm ) 2. Malay brown skin tone complexion ( they are more advance in technology houses, farming, domesticating animals, earings and other decorations. ) The Negritos were outcasted by the Indonesians and they have to retreat to the mountains to the mountains. When the Malay came the Indonesians were displaced and forced into the deep forest. Migration wave theory by the early Filipino. This theory were challenge today. American missionaries provided this three ethnic description on record For Spanish only two: ( Indeo and Hispanic )