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Structu re


Cornea Transparent, avascular, clear

Iris pattern dt collarets (at pupil margin) iris crypt (at iris roots)

Ciliary body Triangle shape (ant-post section)

Choroids - Thin, pigmented n highly vascularised - begin at ora serrata n end at OD

Retina 1) sensory retina 2) pigmented epith anat: 1) OD where all layers terminate except nerve fibers (blind spot) 2) macule specialized central part of ret for visual acuity n color vision 1) retinal pigmented epith (after Bruchs) 2) rods n cones 3) outer limiting membrane 4) outer nuclear layer 5) outer plexiform layer 6) inner plexiform layer 7) inner nuclear layer 8) ganglion cell layer 9) nerve fibers layer 10) internal limiting membrane

Lens Transparent, avascular biconvex structure Composed of: 1) capsule (elastic) 2) ant n post epith 3) lens fibers: a) superf new, soft at cortex b) deep old, hard at nucleus

Vitrous body - clear transparent, gel like (>98% water), roughly spherical.


1) episclera 2) sclera proper 3) lamina fusca

1) epithelium 5-6 layers, stratified sq non keratinized quick regenerate 2) bowmans layer collage n elastic fibers x easily destroyed, x rege. 3) stroma dense CT (collagen n elastic) rege slowly 4) Descemets membrane fine collagen filaments easily rege 5) endothelium 1 layer simple sq epith x rege, defects closed by cell migration, f(x) maintain corneal hydration

1) ant endo of iris single layer which is absent on crypts 2) stroma CT fibers, BV, nerve, pigment cells 3) muscle layer sphinter pupilla (near pupil border) dilator pupilla (radially towards root) 4) pigment epith

Parts: 1) pars plicata contain 70-80 ciliary process 2) pars plana smooth n ends at ora serrata - ciliary muscles: circ oblique longitudinal fibers

1) Bruchs membrane acellular glassy membrane 2) choriocapillaries 3) 2 vessels layer 4) suprachoroid (space btwn choroids n sclera)


1) maintain

1) accomodation

- transduce light

shape of eye (stretchable) 2) give insertion for extraocular muscle

major refracting surface

2) aq production


1) 2) 3)

limbal capillaries aq humor tear film

1) 2) 3)

major circ art (from 2 long post ciliary art + 7 ant ciliary art) minor circ art 4 vortex veins

1) major circ art 2) vortex vein 3) ant ciliary v

1) post part short post ciliary art 2) ant part major circ art 3) vortex venin

signals into el impulse rods: motion, brightness n contrast cones: spatial n fine resolution n color vision 1) choriocap layer 1- 7 2) central ret art layer 8-10 4 branches (to 4 quadrants) 3) central ret v ( drain into cavernous sinus)

- avascular - nutrition from aq humor

X BV, - nutrition fr aq humor

N supply

2 long ciliary n fr nasocilliary n

Motor: 1) 2) 3)

short ciliary n parasympathetic sympathetic

Motor: - sympathetic n via III n sensory: - 2 long ciliary n

- x pain n ending insensitive

- x nerve

sensory: 2 long ciliary n