Home EC Teachers Guide to Crocheting! Crocheting is something you can do anywhere.

I’m serious anywhere from in front of the TV to that annoying plane ride cross country for the meeting that you really never wanted to get invited to but you did so now you are on a 6 hour flight and have nothing to do. This Guide will help you find the free and easy way to learn since I am not exactly an expert and to be honest I have no TIME to sit down and try to take pictures of myself crocheting or make a video (hey I may be good with computers but I never said I was that good!). History 101 Crocheting was thought to have started in Arabia, South America, or China but is known today from its popularity from Europe around the 1800’s. It is most well known from its cottage industry roots particularly from Ireland and Northern France. Crocheting was used by families as a supplemental income when crop’s failed or family members went away to war. The items they created were mainly purchased by the up and coming middle class patrons. At this time crocheting was seen as a imitation of a status symbol because those who could afford lace made by older and more expensive methods disdained crochet. Crochet did loose its appeal throughout the years but after WW2 there was a resurgence in home crafters (like you) and it has again taken center stage as a viable means to make clothes and other crafts. Did you know? There are many different forms of crochet including but not limited to: Filet Crochet (how lace is made), Tunisian Crochet, Broomstick Lace, Hairpin lace, Cro-Hooking and Irish Crochet but they are all variants of the basic crochet methods. The hook arrggggg Crochet hooks come in many different sizes and here in American are actually sized differently than you will find in England and Europe: For Filet Crochet hook sizes start at 00 and go up to a 16 For regular old crochet hook sizes range from B to S (that is a very big hook) Tunisian Crochet hooks are very very very long

Yarn is oh so pretty it comes in different colors and sizes. You can even switch between colors in a project (ill get to that later). The biggest issue facing us is what kind of yarn we want to use and what kind of hook to use with that yarn. Now hook size is up to you if you want a smaller stitch pick a smaller hook if you want a larger stitch pick a larger hook. But there is some method to the madness when it comes to yarn size and hook size. Most yarn you buy will have a suggested hook size somewhere on the label to let you know what size you should use. So here is my guide to yarn size also known as weight and the hook you might want to use.

Lace 0 AKA fingering 10 count crochet thread USE HOOK(s) 6,7,8,B (remember the numbers are for lace hence the weight name of lace) Superfine 1 AKA sock fingering, baby USE HOOK(s) B,C,D,E Fine 2 AKA sport, baby USE HOOK(s)E, F, G, H Light 3 AKA DK, Light Worsted USE HOOK(s) H, I Medium 4 AKA Worsted, Afghan, Aran USE HOOK(s) I,J,K Bulky 5 AKA Chunky, Craft, Rug USE HOOK(s) K, L, M Super Bulky 6 AKA Bulky Roving USE HOOK(s) M and Larger
So what to do from here. First follow your directions if your making something from a book or pattern. What ever they suggest for yarn weight and hook go for that. If your free handing say a scarf or a blanket got with what you like. For me my favorite yarn is Worsted weight and my hook of choice for scarves is actually a N I like there to be space to see through the scarf. Also when you buy a ball of yarn its sometimes referred to as a Skein of yarn. Gauge…what about it? Gauge is one of those things I don’t really worry about but if your doing a real project like a sweater its probably best you read this. Gauge is the number of stitches per sq inch. It lets you know if you are doing the project correctly. When your gauge is bigger then it is recommended use a smaller hook. When your gauge is to small switch to a larger hook. Here is some more information on gauge since I obviously don’t really understand it completely. http://www.ehow.com/how_7420_gauge-crochet-stitches.html http://crochet-mania.blogspot.com/2008/08/blog-post_08.html http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=123&language=

ABC…123 Yes it true all you need to know are your ABC’s and 123’s to crochet. Crochet is all about COUNTING now remember school lessons they will come in handy. For most regular crochet projects you will use a hook that is between B-S (your ABC’s) and you will count your stitches as you go (your 123’s) The other thing you will need is a pattern or an idea. You can get lots of patterns and ideas from the following sites. Lion Brand Yarn http://cache.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/patternIndex.fcgi?s=Crochet Crochet Pattern Central http://www.crochetpatterncentral.com/directory.php About.com http://crochet.about.com/library/blfreepatts1.htm TJW1963’s has great video patterns so you can follow along http://www.youtube.com/user/tjw1963 My biggest suggestion here is just type what your looking for into Google and put free after it.

Crochet will never be a Cheap Copy With that let’s get started. I’m going to provide links so you can get started. I suggest practicing the basic stitches on your yarn before starting a project. I also suggest starting with easy projects. Here is my advice to you on reading these directions. First read what I write then go to the lion brand yarn site (if I include it) and review it especially for the turning of the work they seem to give a better picture of what you are supposed to be doing than the videos. Then watch the videos. I like to watch the videos and start my work so im doing it with them don’t be afraid to pause it to catch up they are experts so they go quickly. Lets get started with the basics First you need to start out with a knot and the best you can do is a slip knot. Knit Witch guide to a slip knot http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3NcOewm7qAA Now slip your crochet hook in the loop and pull it tight around the hook and you are ready to begin.

Chain Stitch The first stitch that you will ALWAYS start with is the Chain Stitch abbreviated ch WARNING. Make sure you make your chain stitches very very very loose!!! Even looser than what you see in these videos. You will learn with time how loose you need to make then but the looser you make them the easier they are to stitch into and the more stretch they will provide for your project. TJW1963 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ptOiDj1iIv0&feature=PlayList&p=D949DB26ED937 B07&index=0 Expert Village http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtC1s4dlN5g Knit Witch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OtmOEzm_OXQ For the LEFTY in us all http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDM6xF0kSeM&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5 E33E5&index=5 Decisions Decisions Now from here is where you make the decision of what kinds of stitches you would like to use. There is: Single Crochet (sc) Half Double Crochet (hdc) Double Crochet (dc) Triple Crochet (tc) Slip Stitch (sl st) Video on Crochet Abbreviations and Symbols http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZQvZ32U0ks&feature=PlayList&p=1867F4F4ED9 C6503&index=0&playnext=1 Now remember this is just a beginners lesson there are tons of different types of stitches bobbles and popcorn and waffle. Here is a reference of all the types of stitches from there my suggestion is to do some research to find out how to create them and go from there. http://crochet.about.com/library/weekly/aa052398.htm http://www.crochetpatterncentral.com/directory/stitches.php http://www.nexstitch.com/index.html So lets get started on learning the stitches

Single Crochet First start out with your chain (ch) I would do about 10 ch stitches so you can practice. Note: the yarn that is wrapped around the hook does NOT count as a stitch! Now you are going to start by adding another ch stitch so now you have 11 stitches. The 11th stitch is considered the turning stitch. Your chain stitch starts in your 2nd stitch from the hook (the plus sign represents the knot at the end of your chain and the o’s represent the stitches) +OOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ This is where you start your Single Chain stitch I know its weird you actually skip your last stitch but that’s how this works. Here is where you watch the video to actually see what it looks like. In the end you should be able to count 10 stitches if you are continuing to practice by making more rows make sure that you always have 10 stitches when you end (if your turning you will add a ch stitch and turn the work) Lion Brand Yarn http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=113&language=En TJW1963 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8hwHtyJFMf0&feature=PlayList&p=D949DB26ED9 37B07&index=3 Knit Witch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqhaQQajt0U she goes under one bar when starting where as I go under both (it’s a little harder but i like how it looks Expert Village http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQUJ3CpS2wI For the LEFTY in us all http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7bB22k7wk&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5E33E5&index=0&playnext=1

Half Double Crochet This is probably my favorite stitch don’t ask why I just like it so we will stick with that Again start with your chain of 10 and now add 2 extra chains! +OOOOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ This is where you start your Half double When you are turning your work you will add 2 extra ch to the work for turning. +OOOOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ ↑ ↑ These are your ch(s) for turning This is where you start your Double Lion Brand Yarn http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=114&language= TJW1963 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NL4YCmIrCgw Knit Witch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxA2osb5Qfk&feature=channel For the LEFTY in us all http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IEzXr8cyANA&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5E 33E5&index=3 Double Crochet Now getting into the double and treble crochet the stitches get longer and your pieces get little gaps in them (this is how its supposed to be so don’t worry). With Double Crochet you want chain 10 and then add 3 extra chains +OOOOOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ This is where you start your Double When you are turning your work you will add 3 extra ch to the work for turning +OOOOOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ These are your ch(s) for turning This is where you start your Double Lion Brand Yarn http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=115&language=En TJW1963 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VgA9KSJrgAc&feature=PlayList&p=D949DB26ED 937B07&index=7 Knit Witch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1txJLRPfuE The LEFTY in us all http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o8Q2NMr36ZU&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5 E33E5&index=2

Treble Crochet Treble Crochet oooh aaahhh. Here we go chain 10 and add 4 for your turning +OOOOOOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ This is where you start your Treble When you are turning your work you will add 4 extra ch to the work for turning. Skip the first triple crochet below the turning chain. So it will look like this +OOOOOOOOOOOOOOHook ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ These are your ch(s) for turning This is where you start your Treble Lion Brand Yarn http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=116&language=En http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjokOSfHiI&feature=PlayList&p=D949DB26ED937B07&index=9 Knit Witch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_T9b1A7edjs For the LEFTY in us all http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9638xF4EPs&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5E33E5&index=1 Slip Stitch A slip stitch adds very little height to a item it is used when working in the round such as for granny squares or to travel to a different area of a row Lion Brand Yarn http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=117&language= http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJE1UTuUjxM&feature=channel_page For the LEFTY in us all http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rj64l7bXnEc&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5E3 3E5&index=4

Ch-ch-ch-changes… So you have a project and your working on it and you’ve come to the end of your yarn and you need to start on a new skein of yarn or you are in the middle of a color and want to change colors. Well its easy! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guWRMsC_4Eo Mikeyssmail http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8xNsbASDCE

You want higher stitches ill give you higher stitches Hopefully by now you have kind of caught on to the math of crocheting. If you want a higher stitch than treble (which I have never used but go for it!) all you do is follow the treble instructions but add one more loop to your hook before beginning you will also need 5 turning chains. Cheat Sheet Turning chains needed when doing Single Crochet-1 Half Double Crochet-2 Double Crochet -3 Treble Crochet-4 (want to go up higher say to a quadruple then add one more turning chain than the treble (ie 5)and so for and so on) Sewing Pieces together Yes I said it I used that word sewing. Well you don’t need a machine all you need is a needle. But not any needle you need a tapestry needle (http://www.joann.com/joann/catalog.jsp?CATID=cat2802&PRODID=prd38375) This is what you will loop your yarn through to sew two pieces together (this is normally done for granny squares or clothing that you make pieces for) You will also use this needle when you are done with a project to sew the ends into your piece. Lion Brand Yarn http://www.lionbrand.com/cgi-bin/faqsearch.cgi?store=/stores/eyarn&faqKey=120&language= TJW1963 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCOQRNvzRas Finishing up Well this is by far the easiest part your at the end its time to finish!!! So finish your last stitch (you should still have yarn around your hook) now cut about a 4 inch tail and pull it through your stitch. The yarn automatically knots when you are done and then all you need to do is weave your ends in http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDC98PFnEJU . Hot Tips Got lost in your journey to be a crochet master? The internet is my biggest guide to success! Type in “crochet tutorials” and tons of things will pop up. YouTube.com is by far the best thing ever because people actually take the time to show you how to crochet and how to do projects for FREE.

Other Good Videos Left Hand Solid Granny http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhFQNwPZV9Y&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A 5E33E5&index=7 Left Hand Granny Square http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0R4LdBxVt4c&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5E 33E5&index=8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCOQRNvzRas&feature=channel_page Left hand Beanie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pn4Gwj5GKE&feature=PlayList&p=09F06F391A5E33E5&index=10 Crochet Shell Beanie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LfCjVZOxMgc&feature=channel_page V-Stitch Scarf http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_x5uLTl2oI&feature=channel_page Seed Stitch Scarf http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwKZjk9ldZU&feature=channel_page Shell Scarf http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PM_RqLJXtY&feature=channel_page Star Stitch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgXHe_PjssI&feature=channel_page http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inUleg__vaU&feature=channel_page http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eWlHVjrANHs&feature=channel_page Cable Crochet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=enA-kIAMjiI&feature=channel_page http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3n0HnRxnnk&feature=channel_page Beanie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EoCRUObS0Tc&feature=channel_page http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=okJ9x5sPzYc&feature=channel_page http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BeNeeRYY7_Q&feature=channel_page Circle http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzDYtEkAZFU&feature=channel_page MikeysMail http://www.youtube.com/user/mikeyssmail Now this guy is AMAZING!!!! He takes you step by step through projects and types of stitches! He has over 700 videos to choose from and he is Canadian what more can you ask for?

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