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EL/M-2075

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The IAI EL/M-2075 Phalcon is an Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) radar system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Elta Electronics Industries of Israel. Its primary objective is to provide intelligence to maintain air superiority and conduct surveillance. The Federation of American Scientists stated the Phalcon was the most advanced AEW&C system in the 1999 and 2008 articles. [1] The system is currently in-service with four countriesIsrael, India, Chile and Singapore.

Platforms

The Boeing 707 is capable of carrying a Phalcon radar in the nose

The system can be fitted to a number of aircraft, including the Boeing 707, Boeing 767, Boeing 747, Airbus series aircraft, Gulfstream G550 and Ilyushin Il-76. Under a contract signed with Chile in 1989, the first Phalcon system to be installed was fitted to a former LanChile Boeing 707, and was first flown in 1993. In May 1994 the aircraft was delivered to the Chilean Air Force, where it is known as the Condor.

Operational history
Initially the Israeli Air Force installed the Phalcon system on Boeing 707 aircraft, which replaced its E2Cs which were retired in mid-1990s. In the middle of the first decade of the 21st century the Air Force purchased 5 Gulfstream G550 aircraft to serve as the new IDF platform for its newer generation [4] of AEW systems. The new aircraft is called Eitam and uses a newer variant of the Phalcon system, the EL/W-2085 dual-band sensor suite and is more capable and less expensive to operate than the [5] older 707-based Phalcon. Extensive modifications were made to the Gulfstream's fuselage by IAI, such as the addition of protruding composite radomes, are intended to allow for the housing of the radar arrays housed in conformal body modifications. In 2007, 4 similar G550-Phalcon aircraft were also purchased by the Republic of Singapore Air Force, to eventually replace its upgraded E-2C [6] Hawkeyes. All 4 G550s are expected to be in-service by 2010. China's purchase of the Phalcon system in 2000 was denied due to pressure from the United States. [edit]Sale

to India

In March 2004, Israel and India signed a US$1.1 billion deal according to which IAI would deliver [7] the Indian Air Force three Phalcon AEW&C radar systems. India signed a separate deal with theIlyushin Corporation of Russia for the supply of three Il-76 A-50 heavy air-lifters, which were to be

used as platforms for these radar systems, for an additional US $500 million. In 2008, media reports suggested that India and Israel were about to sign a deal for three additional Phalcon radars. India received its first AWACS on 25 May 2009. It landed in Jamnagar AFB in Gujarat completing its 8 hour long journey from Israel. OPERATORS Israel - Five newer variants with EL/W-2085 dual band radar ("Eitam") in service on Gulfstream G550 platforms. Older variants on Boeing 707Platforms are also in service. India - Three in Service & Two ordered on an Ilyushin Il-76 platform. induct a total of six aircraft. Chile - One in service on a Boeing 707 platform. Singapore - Four EL/W-2085 systems in service on Gulfstream G550 platform. Each costing [11][12] approx USD 375 million.
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