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How To Preside Over a Meeting

Delaration of Opening Ceremony 1. Honourable Conference Chairman, His Excellency, Minister of Science & Technology, Chairmen, Speakers, Panelists and all the Participants both from home and abroad! In the capacity of Conference Chairman I hereby declare the First International Conference on Nuclear Safety and Reactor Performance Improvement open, with every confidence in its productive outcome. 2. I now declare opening the first International Conference on .......... 3. I have the pleasure and privilege of declaring the First International Conference on Nuclear Safety and ..... Welcoming Address 1. On behalf of the entire nuclear community of Korea in general and the Korean Nuclear Society in particular, I take pleasure to welcome all of you to this International Conference on "so and so" ........... 2. It is a great honour for me to welcome all of you to this International Conference on Reactor Safety and Reactor Performance Improvement thus being held at Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute on the occasion of the completion of the new main building. 3. It is my pleasant duty to extend to you a cordial welcome to this conference on Reactor Safety on behalf of Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute. 4. As the Chairman of this important conference, I would like to welcome all the participants in the International Conference on XYZ. 5. On behalf of KAERI and the Korean Nuclear Society I bid a warm welcome to all gathered together here to participate in the International Conference on Reactor Safety and Load-following Improvement ...... 6. We deeply appreciate your coming to share with us for this unique experience in Reactor Safety and ....... 7. My special thanks are extended to those who have travelled a big distance so long so as to be here with us today. Explanation on the Conference Nature 1. For those of you who did not attend the previous conferences in this area, let me present a brief background and outline on the objective and scope of this particular conference. There are several reasons for organizing this conference. The research on the operational safety aspects of reactors is entering an era of mushrooming growth these days. Therefore, it was highly desirable that nuclear engineers interested in this topic do gather to mutually report new progress, to review processes, to discuss conflicting finding and divergent interpretations with respect to Reactor Safety and Performance Improvement, and to make more meaningful plans for the future phrases and directions of research. The history of this kind of gathering goes back to 1979 when the TMI incident became known to us, and specific research on operational safety of reactors was imposed upon the research organs and utilities as a mandatory step to secure reactor safety, together with probabilistic safety assessment on reactors. 2. The goals of this conference are threefold: First, it should provide a forum for the exchange of information between participants in this interdisciplinary meeting. Second, it should offer an opportunity to establish and renew personal relationships between and among participants, and finally, it has to be harnessed to stimulate the interest and ambition of participants from all over the world to cooperate in their efforts. 3. The aims of this conference are to foster the exchange of our ideas, to evaluate new methods and new lines of information, and to bring together nuclear scientists and engineers from all over the world who are engaged in the improvement of reactor safety and its operations. To this end it is very gratifying to me that we are assembled here today under the banner of "International Symposium on Reactor Safety and its Operational Performance Improvement." 4. This conference will address itself to further clarification of the problems and methods involved in assuring the reactor safety and its operational performance improvement. Closing Address 1. On behalf of all the members of the Organizing Committee. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all who have so actively participated in this conference so as to make it such a great success, for which you are really worthy of being praised. I now extend my best wishes to all of you and wish that you may return home and to your work safely and with full load of good memories of Korea, and I look forward to seeing you again soon somewhere, sometime at the similar conferences like this one. As the Chairman of Organizing Committee I have the honour and duty to officially declare this conference closed. Thank you, von voyage and Aufwiedersehn. 1

2. Time has carried us to the end or this conference. The members, of the Organizing Committee and the Technical Program Committee in particular are deeply grateful for the hearty cooperation of all participants. Let us meet again in Taipei in 1987 on the occasion of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Symposium which is to be presided over by Professor Yu-chi lisueh. With blue hope for the future and best wishes for you, I now officially declare this ceremony closed. Good bye. and please do have a nice reunion with your lovely family back home. 3. I would like to thank all the people concerned, from the rostrum personnel to the slide operators who have made this conference successful and meaningful. First of all, the chairmen for the firm and efficient way in which they handled their sessions. Second, the speakers for their excellent presentations. Third, the delegates for having been an excellent audience and having provided stimulating discussions and questions. Last but of course not the least, my heart-felt gratitude is due to those have made this conference into being by means of administrative and financial support, of which has neither been mentioned anywhere in the proceedings nor in any statement. 4. I wish to thank all the chairmen, special speakers, session-chairs, coordinators and other participants for their valuable inputs and physical contributions. The world knows that the task of organizing a conference of this kind in such a short period of time is not an easy one. Taking this opportunity; let me confess that I have really had a good fortune of getting to know personally many of the active and experienced specialists and workers in this arena. Without the help and active participation of your and my good fellow colleagues from home and abroad, this conference would have not been made possible as it has been. Chairmanship 1. Good morning, everyone! I welcome you all to Session 1 on Reactor Safety, which is designed to touch upon the operational safety aspects of power reactors both in operation and under construction. 2. Good afternoon, Gentlemen! May I welcome you all to Session II entitled "Reactor Performance improvement," which is a series of morning session? 3. I would like to open the first session by providing every participant with the ground rules. 4. We are now convening the Panel Discussions on the subject of "Steam Generator Replacement." 5. I would like to call the session to order. This is the Session,on Water Chemistry of Reactor Coolant. Seated next to me on my right is Dr. Young from US NRC who will be co-chairing this session in conjunction with me. To begin with, let me go over the ground rules briefly. We have a number of speakers this morning, who will present papers for about 15 minutes each, and each paper presentation will be followed up by panel discussion for 5 minutes at maximum, respectively. Then if we can have some time left over at the end, we can organize a group discussion at our consensus. I do have one announcement to make. The third speaker, Miss Smith, regrets that she could not be here with us due to an inevitable reason. She has, however, submitted her paper to the TPC in advance, and the IPC members have rehearsed it. Since I am somewhat familiar with her work, I may be able to read it for her on behalf.However, I have one question to the floor. Is Dr. Baker in the audience'? Dr. Baker was the thesis supervisor for Miss Smith's dissertation. So if he is around here he will be more apt for reading her paper instead. We want to know in terms of planning the timing whether Dr. Baker is in the audin audience or not. I guess not. OK, now then, Let's go ahead with the papers, and begin with the first one entitled "Water Chemistry" which will be presented by Mr. so and so from AECL. A. The first speaker of this Session is Mr. CA. Lee who graduated from Seoul National University with a B.Sc. Degree in Ltcctrical Engineering in 1954. He is an active research staff of KAERI and has been deeply involved with the Safety Analysis. In the course of his employment with KAERI he has published 8 books and 42 papers so far all related to reactor engineering. The paper to be presented today is a result of his activities associated with reactor design work. We are pleased to have him here today. Mr. Lee, please. B. Each speaker has been asked to limit his or her presentation to 30 minutes for the keynote speech, and 20 minutes for each subsequent speech. It is the hope of the Technical Program Committee that it leaves 30 minutes at the end of each session for discussions from the floor. Therefore, we ask that your questions be brief and to the point and that you introduce yourself by your name and organization where you belong to prior to making questions. The keynote speaker who will set that stage with the clear statement of the critical problem is Mr. Hong Gil Deng from the Nuclear Safety Center of the U.K. Words. came from the British nuclear community that few men are as uniquely qualified in this assignment as Mr. Long Gil Doug. After graduation from X University summa cum laude he was assigned to the Manhattan Project where he invented cascade nembrane and supersonic pump, for which he was conferred with Fermi Award. Since 1953, he has been the director of ANL and developed a 3-D computer code there dealing with the in-core management of nuclear submarines. He is now Professor Emeritus at Y College and concurrently the President of American Nuclear Society. I am very pleased to present Mr. Hong, the keynote speaker, to you. Professor Hong, Please! 2

C. Our programme today consists of presentations by the eminent authorities from 9 different countries in 3 continents, who will discuss the Load-Following Technodogy of Power Reactors. It is our sincere hope that from the presentations here today we can glean some insight as to how this problem is being tackled and approached in the member countries. The primary focus of this session will be to provide a general perception of how this topic is handled, if so, at what range of R & D expenditures, and with what kind of professional expertise. D. There are a few changes in the programme, to which I feel sorry but would like to call your attention. The second paper by Mr. Tanaka will go first and others will then follow in sequence. In addition Mr. Wang of the third paper listed in our program was unable to attend here, and therefore, we will solicit Prof. Chen to act on behalf of Mr. Wang, right after the second paper. I wonder if Mr. Wang could present that paper at 10:30. E. The Chair has been requested by the Conference Secretariat to remind the audience that Mr. Kim's lecture originally scheduled at noon today will transpose Mr. Lee's presentation. Therefore, Mr. Kim's lecture will be given tomorrow at noon. Since Sir Walter regrets that he could not be present, the second paper will eventually be withdrawn from the session. 6. The paper presented by Mr. Lee is now open for discussion. The floor is now open for discussion. We are now open for questions from the floor. This paper is open for discussion. We should take a couple of minutes to entertain questions related to other three papers. 7. We are going to produce the platform for the Speakers to come and sit behind, so that you can have a clear view of them. If anyone wants to ask question, please raise your hand. I'll try to take the questions in order. We don't hear you, Madam. Could you use the microphone and identify yourself? 8. The gentleman in the third row at the rear, you have the floor. 9. The chair recognizes the representative of the Republic of Korea. The representative of the Republic of Korea has the floor. I recognize Mr. Lee Do Ryung. The chief delegate of Franch Republic is given the floor. Mr. Graf, please. 10. I hope the audience will participate in the discussions by raising their hands. Mr. Sung, would you like to make comments on this subject? I would like to invite Miss Lee to make a comment on this. 11. Are there any further comments (questions)? Does anyone else have any other questions to direct to Mr. Park or other members of the panel? Our discussion has been almost entirely limited to X and nothing about Y. Would anyone like to comment on Y? 12. Let me remind you that we just have one minute left, and we would like to have another opportunity for questions. We are already running behind the schedule. So those of you who have questions or comments on Mr. Man's paper could perhaps take them up with him personally after the session. We must now close the discussion for lack of time. 13. Now it is about time to have a coffee break for 15 minute., and we will resume the next session at 11 o'clock sharp. Unless there is any very pressing question, it seems to be proper time to take pause for coffee at this time. The session will now recess for a 10 minute coffee break. Now we will have an intermission until 3 o'clock 14. I am going to exercise the prerogative of the chairmanship, by addressing a question related to Load-Following capability of CANDU reactors to Dr. Kugler from AECL. Using the chairman's prerogative, I want to make a brief report on safety aspect of.... 15. I'll take the chairman's Iiberty to make just a preliminary comment or two pertaining to the public acceptance and opinion polls in Japan. 16. We have only 3 minutes before this meeting ends. Therefore, I would like to close the session. We will adjourn at this point. The session is officially adjourned This concludes today's session We will adjourn now and, could perhaps reassemble here here at 10 pass three. Before closing this session, I would like to pay my tribute to Mr. Han and his support group for their superb way in which they have cared for all of us and arranged this conference affectively. My thanks are also extended to all the speakers, panelists and coordinators. Panel Discussions 1. Good morning! 3

I am C.K. Lee From Nuclear Training Center, and I am going to be chairing this session until lunch time. 2. With this, I would like to turn the podium over to Prof. Ko for the following panel. 3. Now, the chair would like to request the panelists to come up to the podium and be seated in the order of their presentations starting, from left. 4. Gentlemen, now that we have heard all the speakers on this programme, I declare the general discussion open. Each discussant will please identify himself by name, affiliations and cotutr, of origin at the nearby microphone. 5. The gentleman in the second row from the rear. You have the floor. 6. Are there any specific questions you would like too discuss on the improvement of operating performance of reactors? 7. I would like to invite Prof. Kim of Korea University to make a comment on this particular subject. Mr. Chen, would you clarify this point further? 8. Could any of the panel members make comments on that? 9. I wonder whether one or more of the speakers be ready, to make further comments on this specific item. Perhaps I should see who volunteers. 10. Since we are running behind schedule, we only have time for one more question. - I think that will be the last question before we close the panel. 11. I am awfully sorry, but we are pressed for time. 12. So I am afraid we will have to save your question for some other time. I am sorry to interrupt you, Mr. Chung. we don't have enough time to go into that far. I wonder if you could meet the speaker personally afterwards. 13. Thank you. I believe the point is well taken. Mr. Kim, I have a question on this matter. Do you mean to incorporate PRA result as mandatory into the licensing requirement? 14. We have reached the end of our allotted time this morning. So I announce to adjourn at this point. 15. I would like to conclude this session by thanking all the speakers and panelits as well as those who participated in the lively and stimulating discussions so far. In concluding this panel discussion I would like to express my personal thanks to the panelists for their worthwhile contributions and to the various speakers whose comments and questions have upgraded the value and level of the discussions. I would like to thank all our speakers, all the attendees and particularly those who stayed to the end of the panel. And above all, may I pay my tribute to Mr. Han and his team for sponsoring this conference and providing us with very much appreciated hospitality, especially by completing this conference hall in time. 16. Chair's Comments after Special Lecture I am sure we are all deeply impressed with the advances that have been made in the field of reactor kinetics as evidenced by the glimpse, and also as we have been afforded by Miss Taylor's remarks. It is especially reassuring to know that men of the calibre of her team are dedicated to work along these lines and that we may look forward to even more splendid advances in the future. Once again, Miss Taylor, may I speak for the entire assembly here today and offer you our heartfelt gratitude to your kindness in taking so much time to prepare for the text dud to come so far to honour us in this manner. I am sure none of us can leave this hall without having been deeply affected by his lecture. It only remains for me to propose a hearty vote of thanks to Miss Taylor for her brilliant lecture. Thank you very much. 17. Word of Praise from the Participant What is always new and fascinating is that each of our nuclear conferences meets in a new city, a different country and culture. At this conference we are the guests of IAEA in Vienna that is the capital of music, culture, and arts and history. The popularity of the conference subject can be gauged from the massive number of attendants who are gathered in the newly built-conference hall in IAEA headquarters. Announcement 1. May I have your attention, please! For those of you standing (or seating) in the rear, there are many seats available in front. Please come forward and he seated in the front vacancies at your earliest convenience. 2. I am afraid those of you on that wing may not be able to see the speaker and the slides because of the blockage by the pillars back there. So I would suggest that those who are sitting in front, kindly move over forward so as to accomodate our colleagues on the wing. This conference hall appears to be a little bit larger than our needs. For the convenience' sake and to feel more homely here, you are more than welcome to come forward and fill up the front seats now vacant before officially commencing this conference. 3. The Closing Ceremony will be held here immediately. All the participants are kindly requested to remain seated, and be quiet please. 4. We have three announcements of considerable importance: First, I'd like to call your attention that a reception sponsored by Hyundai Group will be held this evening from 7 to 9 p.m. at Rose Room on the third floor of Yousung Tourist Hotel. 4

The traditional Korean farmers' dancing and Oriental singing will be performed along with the reception. Every participant and his spouse are attend. cordially invited to attend. Needless to say a single participant is most welcome. The second announcement is that the executive meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society is scheduled at 7 o'clock tomorrow morning at 'Tulip Room on the 4th floor of this building. The third one of at least equal or even more importance is related with the entertainment of the spouses. There will be a Fashion Show on Wednesday at 1 p.m. at the Ballroom of Sheraton Walker Hill Hotel. Still another is a visit to the Flower Exhibit at Duhsoo Palace on Monday at 3:30 p.m. Pull details of these events are described on the bulletin board. However, no admission fee will be charged to the spouses of the conference participants. A participant's spouse can identify herself by wearing her name tag on blouse or by showing the identification card of her husband which will be made available at the Information Desk. 5. The busses bound for Daechung Dam will leave from the main entrance soon. All the participants, please proceed to the main entrance immediately. 6. I have been asked to make an announcement. Will Miss Shim Chung please report at the Information Desk now. If Professor Chang of Waterloo University in Canada is in the audience, please contact AECL Exhibit Booth as soon as possible. 7. To our regret, the next paper is cancelled, and the paper following that also on Reactor Safety has no representative here at the moment. So we won't hear anything on these topics. The morning session, on Friday tomorrow, is obliged to start 20 minutes behind the schedule. It now becomes inevitable because the first paper tomorrow has been withdrawn and we do not have any substitute for it. For the rest of the afternoon, however, we are sure to keep the time. Unfortunately we have two cancellations, the papers No. 3 by Mr.James and No.6 by Mr.Cho.