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Grid Integration – The Real Challenge

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Dietmar Retzmann

Power Transmission Solutions

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ntroduction
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CO2 Reduction – Green Energy Megacities – Security of Supply
Power Transmission Solutions

EU’s Offshore Programme EEPR: A huge Challenge

2030: Up to

350 GW

of Wind Power !

Source: EEPR-Meeting 2011-03-15&16, Brussels

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Power Transmission Solutions

Solutions for Grid Access: AC and DC – with SVC PLUS and HVDC PLUS

DC Solution 33 kV AC 132 kV AC HVDC PLUS ≤ 320 kV DC AC Solution

33 kV AC

132 kV AC SVC PLUS
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Turnkey Responsibility – from comprehensive Studies to Commercial Operation System and Design Studies Procurement, Transport, Erection, Commissioning

Commercial Operation

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Example of System and Design Studies: Dynamic Modeling of a big Number of Wind Generators System Resonances  System Interactions

Grid Code & Power Quality:
Source: EWIS Interim Report June-2008

Fault-Ride Through  Reactive Power Injection  Voltage Dip Compensation
 Power Transmission Solutions

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P rojects
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2.

and

Applications
Power Transmission Solutions

Grid Access of Green Energy with SVC PLUS: Thanet, UK – 2 SVC PLUS Systems for 300 MW Wind Farm

2009

SVC PLUS:  2 x +/- 35 MVAr
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Grid Access of Green Energy with SVC PLUS: Greater Gabbard, UK – 3 SVC PLUS Systems …
SVC PLUS:  3 x +/- 50 MVAr

2010
SVC PLUS:
4

2011

x +/- 50 MVAr … and London Array
World’s largest Offshore Wind Farm 630 MW & Upgrade up to 1 GW
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Inner Gabbard Substation – well arrived … and lifted into Position

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Power Transmission Solutions

HVDC PLUS in Germany – four Offshore DC Projects from 567 MW to 864 MW: SylWin1, BorWin2 and HelWin1&2

2013

2015
+/- 320 kV 864 MW

SylWin1
+/- 300 kV 800 MW

Onshore DC Station
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Power Transmission Solutions

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HelWin1

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Offshore DC Station

+/- 250 kV 576 MW

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BorWin2

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+/- 320 kV 690 MW

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HelWin2

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Example of Germany: Reasons for DC Overlay Grid

Infeed of up to 75 GW of Wind Power in Northern Part of Germany’s AC Grid (NDP 2022) … … this requires controlled Transmission with DC Nuclear: shut-down
Source: 9. – Information Session, 5 Oct. 2011, Regensburg, Germany
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New Hydro Power Plants
Power Transmission Solutions

Green Energy: Prospects of Solar Power from Deserts

3. Conclusions
Solar Power Collector Areas for Electricity Demand of:

= Middle-East and North Africa

Source: TREC - 2007
Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Cooperation

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Power Transmission Solutions

The Vision: DC Energy Highway – why not in Europe too ? Thank You for Your Attention !

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