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Centre of Excellence for Power Plant Efficiency: An Indian Case Study

Asia Clean Energy Forum 2012

Monali Zeya Hazra, Clean Energy Specialist USAID /India, New Delhi

Centre for Power Efficiency & Environmental Protection (CenPEEP)
• Developed under the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Prevention (GEP) Program. • Joint U.S.-India Climate Change initiative in the power sector. • Protocol of intent signed on July 1994 between USAID/India and NTPC Ltd. (the Indian counterpart).

• Technical assistance provided by National Energy Technology Laboratory, USDoE.
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Goal
• Develop an institution to cater to the Indian power sector for:
– GHG emissions reduction per unit of electricity generated from coal fired power plants by performance optimization in terms of efficiency, availability & reliability. – Technology acquisition for performance optimization. – Institutionalization of cooperation for technology transfer.

• Develop an institution, a knowledge think tank, at par with international facility to provide technical assistance to other Indian state utilities.
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Strategy: A Win-Win

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Methodology

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Outcome and Impacts
• GEP resulted in avoidance of 99.1 million tonnes from 1995 through 2010.

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Outcome and impacts
• Highly cost effective. Per unit cost of Green House Gases (GHG) reduction - $0.32 per ton. Comparatively, average carbon emission reductions through Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was priced at $14/tonne in 2010. • Coal savings valued at $1.5 billion - savings equivalent to the capital cost of building 2x1000 MW of new coal-fired generating capacity • Ambient air quality improvement, but no hard data

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CenPEEP – An effective model
• Important part of NTPC and widely respected. • Brought changes at NTPC with significant emphasis on efficiency improvement. • Worked with 14 State Electricity Boards (SEBs). Partial changes at SEBs. • Technically acclaimed publications - Heat Rate Improvement Guidelines. • International awards such as World Climate Technology Award, USEPA Climate Protection Award. • Indian awards such as India Power Awards 2008 and Bureau of Indian Standards Star Quality Award 2009.
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CenPEEP’s sustainability • There is significant evidence that new institutional capacity will be sustained:
– Within NTPC, adoption of systems, practices and technologies has been followed by plant-level performance monitoring. – Plants monitor data independent of CenPEEP.

– Institutionalized training program at NTPC’s Power Management Institute.
– By training SEB personnel in many areas, the capacity of certain facilities has been strengthened.

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Learnings • Constraints on improved environmental and operational performance are primarily institutional rather than technical. • Significant gains in reducing GHGs, lowering costs, and increasing reliability and availability can be through low-cost measures. • Institutionalization essential for sustainability
– Local capability building – Widespread dissemination and training

• Successful transfer of technology depends on:
– The type of technology and systems - low cost high benefit, sectoral needs, wide replicability. – Demonstration (seeing is believing).
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Partnership to Advance Clean Energy - Deployment • Continue our coal work under new energy program – PACE-D

• Limited funding due to fossil fuel earmark.
• Support centre of excellence in TA for super critical. • Develop a concept model power plant

• Continue work on efficiency improvement but target state utilities.

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