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Solar Thermal Large Scale

Heating Hot water Cooling

M. JAKOBSSON
Head of District Energy and Energy Planning Section, COWI China Chairman, Danish Board of District Heating and Cooling (China)
JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

D. CHIMEDDORJ
Chief Engineer, Energy Authority of Mongolia

The energy supply is going to be a strategic and competitive factor in the near future.
If we do not act now, we will loose competitive power to those who do!

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

The age of the fossils is over!

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

Reserves are running out, prices are increasing, There are no single solution

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

Energy output World

Substitution of fossil fuels year/1000m2


Sun radiation kWh/m2/year Northern Europe Southern Europe Asia 1160 1936 1770 Collector output MWh/1.000m2/year 488 924 1092 Oil [tons] 59 111 131 Gas [m3] 53 101 119 CO2 savings [tons] 189 358 423

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

Denmark is showing the way


DK is leading within energy profitability large scale Back in 2001 the government stopped subsidizing solar thermal energy large scale. Today solar thermal is competitive without the aid of subsidies. Status 2011 Until 2011 100.000 m of solar thermal energy were installed in Denmark. For the coming 2 years 200.000 m2 will be installed. Heating Plan Denmark 2010 2010-2020: Expansion with 4 mio.m large scale. 2020-2030: Expansion with up to 8 mio. m large scale.
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JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

Solar thermal technologies Flat plate collectors for District Heating

1. Parabolic Temperature range: 0-400 C

Lifetime: 15 years
2. Evacuated tubes Temperature range: 0-150 C Lifetime: 5-10 years 3. Flat plate collectors Temperature range: 0-120 C Lifetime: 20+ years

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

ROI and savings - example


Current energy situation: Annual energy cost (increasing)*: Boiler efficiency Solar thermal installation: Investment: Coverage of energy demand: Temperature in-/outlet: Life time: Solar radiation in example: Solar heating energy production: Return on investment**: Pay-back time: Savings in 25 years: 2.9 years 5,696,300 USD 685,120 USD 75% 45/85 C. 25+ years 1,879 kWh/m/day 1,683 MWh/year 315,803 USD 75%

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

* 2012 market price., ** Simple method of pay-back calculation

Who is adopting this technology?

JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

Marstal District Heating

Energy source: Solar thermal Biomass boiler

Annual production: 14.542 MWh 11.700 MWh

Distribution of annual prod. 55% 40%

Heat pumps
Oil Total

2.500 MWh
27.742 MWh

4%
1% 100%

Key figures thermal solar Size: 33.000m Max. load: 24MW Tank: 87.100 m CO2 reduction: 5.636 tons Oil savings: 1.745 tons/year

The time to observe is over - its now time to act!

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JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA

Rational for adopting Solar District Heating in Mongolia Heating as Lifeline


Winter temperature range is -10C to -30C in the daytime, -40C at night. Long heating season, with a total of 8 months from the middle of September to the middle of May.

Rational for adopting Solar District Heating in Mongolia Contribution to Urban Environment Improvement
The heat supply in Mongolia is mainly provided from combined heat and power plants and heat-only boilers using coal.
The air quality is dangerously bad - Ulaanbaatar is becoming the worlds most polluted city. In UB, annual average particulate matter concentrations have been recorded at as high as 279, which is 14 times higher than the WHOs recommendation.

Rich Solar Resources and Unused Land Around the Urban Centers are Available
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Regions \by color\ Potential \ kWh/m2\ 800-930 930-1060 1060-1190 1190-1320 1320-1450 1450-1580 1580-1710 1710-1840 1840-1970 1970-2100

Potential Activities on Solar District Heating in Mongolia


Conduct feasibility study for solar-coal hybrid district heating system of Soum and Aimag centers Conduct feasibility study for solar-coal hybrid district heating system in Ulaanbaatar Ger area and/or support UB district heating network Initiate the first pilot project in Soum and Aimag centers

Thank you for your attention


mijk@cowi.com +86 138 1004 8510

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JUNE 19, 2012 ADB - COWI - ENERGY AUTHORITY OF MONGOLIA