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Wind Farm Development in A Philippine Setting

Challenges and Technology Advancements

Gil Opina Jr Sales Manager, Siemens Wind Power
© Siemens AG 2012. All rights reserved.

A Typhoon Ridden Archipelago

 The Philippine Island sits in the typhoon belt of South-East Asia  An annual average of 20 typhoons enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility, of which an average of 9 typhoons make landfall.  Typhoon season normally occur starting in the months of June and ends in November.
Source: 2006 Riso-DTU Study

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Wind Power Project Life Cycle Challenges in a Philippine Setting

Development

Construction

Operation

Year 1

Year 3 Transport and Installation  Weather window

Year 4

20 WTG Yr Design Life O&M  24/7 Wind Farm Monitoring  Spare Parts Availability  Local Competence

Turbine Selection  Extreme Wind  Low to Medium Average Wind Speed  Grid Requirements

 Mountainous terrain  limitations in the national and municipal roads

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Technological Advancement ROTOR
Lighter, more flexible and longer blades with increased strength  Advanced aerodynamic blade design that increase lift and distribute loads  Aeroelastically designed blades that addresses increased fatigue loads  Pre-bent blades to enable blade deflection

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Technological Advancement Wind Energy Conversion
Using variable speed generator without gear box reduces the total weight of the Nacelle while increasing output rated power  Use of permanent magnet Direct Drive technology  Full Scale Frequency Converter System
Siemens SWT2.3-113 DD Turbine

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Siemens NetConverter System

© Siemens AG 2012. All rights reserved.

Technological Advancement Turbine Auxilliary Electronics
Adaptive load controller, advance yaw control and condition monitoring, provides efficient way of utilizing and improving the life of components.  Use of sensor to monitor condition of critical components  Applying state of the art Load Control Strategies  Yaw Control System with option for Back-up Generator
Turbine Condition Monitoring (TCM)

Turbine Load Control (TLC)

Yaw Motors

Siemens SWT 3.0-101 DD Turbine

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Technological Advancement Tower and Foundation
The wind turbine structure that makes sure the turbine stands upright at all weather condition.  Use of tapered tubular steel for tower has been the standard platform  Full pre-cast concrete or concrete/ steel hybrid towers are coming up the market catering for taller and heavier turbines  Different types of foundation designs are available
Section of Tubular Steel Tower

Tapered Tower Design

Full Concrete Towers

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Source: World Steel Association

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Technological Advancement Transport and Erection
Use of bigger vessels to carry bigger turbines and longer blades for offshore transport  Barging technique or trucking for inland (onshore) transport  Use of mobile cranes for installation
Source: Spliethoff

Source: Nippon Express

Source: Windpower Engineering

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Technological Advancement Operation & Maintenance
 Single O&M provider for the whole farm  24/7 Remote Diagnostics Services  Availability of local technical support  Regional storage of spare parts

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© Siemens AG 2012. All rights reserved.

Summary
Although there are a number of challenges in the development of wind farm in the Philippines primarily due to its location, weather pattern and topography, the technological advancements and progress presented here shows that such factors can be mitigated. From the longer, flexible and stronger blades, to the permanent magnet direct drive generators, as well as bigger vessels and O&M strategies, such technologies and services are present to support the need of local developers.

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© Siemens AG 2012. All rights reserved.

Thank you very much for your attention!

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Revision 2.0 © Siemens AG 2012. All rights reserved.