TOURISM

The World Tourism Organization’s definition of tourism is “ Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.”

TOURISM
 Is the temporary

short - term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during their stay at these destinations

Characteristics of Tourism
1. 2.

3. 4. 5.

In tourism, the product is not brought to the consumer. The product of tourism are not used up , thus they do not exhaust the country’s natural resources. Tourism is labor – intensive industry. Tourism is people – oriented. Tourism is multi- dimensional phenomenon.

Characteristics of Tourism
6. The tourism industry is seasonal. 7. The industry is dynamic.

Tourism as a recent phenomenon
 Tourism is firmly established as the

number one industry in many countries and the fastest growing economic sector in terms of foreign exchange earnings and job creation.  It stimulates enormous investment in infrastructure , most of which helps to improve the living conditions of local people as well as tourists.

Tourism as a recent phenomenon
 It provides governments with substantial

tax revenues.  Most new tourism jobs and business are created in developing countries, helping to equalize economic opportunities and keep rural residents from moving to overcrowded cities.

Tourism as a recent phenomenon
 Intercultural awareness and personal

friendships fostered through tourism are a powerful force for improving international understanding and contributing to peace among all the nations of the world.

Tourism: One of the world’s fastest growing industry March 14, 2011
The World Travel and Tourism Council is confident that tourism on a global scale is on the rise. Whereas many countries are still struggling to come to terms with difficult economic times and many areas of the economy are fighting with each other, tourism is making great progress. As travel industry provides so many jobs, governments should be more than willing to support such a growth. Much of it is happening thanks to the emergence of nations such as China and India, where the newfound freedom of citizens to travel is finally bearing fruits.
http://www.tourism-review.com

Asia begins to lead the way in Tourism
February 21, 2011
The hype surrounding Asia becoming a leading force in world tourism is rapidly becoming reality. The figures now comply with common beliefs and Abacus data has predicted that Asia will be the top continent for tourism by 2015, at least in certain categories. The continent contains 62% of the world’s population and 27% of the world’s global GDP. Taking these facts into account, it comes as less of a surprise that such vast improvements have been made. The main reasons behind the surge of Asia’s success are the different traveling tendencies of Europeans and North Americans, the new status of Chinese citizens as a new travel force in the world, the advances in technology and increased and improved levels of transport to Asian countries.
http://www.tourism-review.com

Asia begins to lead the way in Tourism
February 21, 2011 The top five destinations have been tipped to be Hong Kong, China, the Philippines, Japan and Taiwan. Statistics relate both to incoming and outgoing tourism. Asia is expected to take a little longer than a mere 4 years to catch up in certain areas of tourism industry. Many areas of some countries still have massive social problems and political unrest is not an uncommon phenomenon. However, if not already, Asia will certainly lead the way in terms of mobile usage and smartphones.
http://www.tourism-review.com

Trends in Tourism
 Ecotourism, sustainable tourism and

heritage tourism will continue to grow in importance.  Globally the number of tourist arrivals will continue to increase by about 4 percent per year, topping 1 billion by 2010.  More bilateral treaties are being signed, which will make it easier for tourists to obtain visas to visit other countries.

Trends in Tourism
 Internet bookings will increase.
 Franchising of travel agencies will increase  Technology will continue to advance, allowing

even more information to be available more quickly to more places around the world.  Employment prospects will continue to improve  Ticketless Travel will become commonplace.

Trends in Tourism
 Travel and tourism bookings via Internet

are increasing rapidly.  As an ever increasing number of tourists visit destinations, managing these destinations is becoming a challenge.  Low – cost carriers are gaining an increased market share  Increasing use of ticketless travel

Trends in Tourism
 Increased use of automatic airport

check- ins  Continued expansion in the cruise industry  Increased concern for the health and safety of travel and tourism

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