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Air pollution Air humidity depends on the concentration of water vapor, and H2O in different concentration in each region.

Air condition in the atmosphere has never been found in clean condition, but had mixed with other gases and particulates, particulate matter that we do not need. Gases and particulate-particulate derived from natural events and also generated from human activities are ongoing into the air and contaminate / pollute the air in the troposphere layer of the atmosphere in particular. If these pollutants from measurements taken with the parameters set by the WHO pencemarnya material concentration exceeded the threshold (the concentration that can still be resolved), then declared in a state of polluted air. Air pollution occurs when containing one or more kinds of pollutants were obtained from chemical processes such as the gases CO, CO2, SO2, SO3, gas with high concentration or physical conditions such as temperature is very high for the size of humans, animals and plants. The existence of these gases and particulate-particulate concentrations exceeded the threshold, then the air in the area was declared contaminated. By using the parameters of pollutant concentration and time duration of contact between pollutants and pollutant to the environment (air), the WHO set out four levels of pollution as follows: * Pollution of the first level, ie, pollution that does not

cause harm to humans. * Pollution of the second level, ie, pollution that cause harm to humans began as an irritation to our senses. * Pollution of the third level, ie, contamination that has been able to react on the physiology of the body and cause chronic disease. * Pollution of the fourth level, ie, pollution that has caused acute pain and death to humans or animals and plants.

Fires cause smoke that can create air pollution

Air Pollution Happens In Indonesia Indonesia is a country in the world who have the most volcanoes (about 137 pieces and 30% still active otherwise). Therefore, Indonesia is naturally prone to contamination. Besides the existence of forest fires due to drought or

deliberate burning of forests to meet needs such as occurred in Kalimantan and Sumatra in the year 1997 and 1998 resulted in pollution that enough, because the thick smoke the fire was the result of crossing into neighboring countries such as Singapore and Malaysia. Thick smoke from forest fires is extremely harmful, both in terms of economic, transport (air, land and sea) and health. Due to the thick smoke caused the interruption of transportation equipment because it was feared a collision would occur. Besides the smoke, which causes adverse health effects eye pain, sore throat, pneumonia and skin disease. Other air pollution comes from waste in the form of smoke produced from burning fuels in motor kedaraan and smoke from industrial waste.

Emissions of motor vehicles is one source of air pollution

Their solutions To be able to cope with air pollution can be performed several operations, among others: replacing motor vehicle fuel with a fuel that produces no carbon monoxide and also

attempted to burn take place perfectly, besides processing / filtering waste recycled or industrial smoke, greening to establish the process of photosynthesis (the park acts as the lungs city), and not burning forests arbitrarily, and to conduct reforestation / replanting pohonpohon substitute what is important is to open burning of forest land is not done, but by mechanical means. Negative impacts and positive impacts Above you have learned that air pollution can have negative impact on living creatures, humans, animals and plants. Forest fires and volcanic eruption caused the loss of many animal shelter, many animals and plants die even extinct. Sulfur oxide gases (SO2 and SO3) reacts with water vapor, and rainwater can cause acid rain which can damage buildings, bridges, statues of causing death or plants can not grow. Carbon monoxide gas when inhaled into the lungs react with hemoglobin causes blood poisoning and many more negative impacts caused by air pollution. Air pollution in addition to the negative impact, can also provide a positive impact among others, the lava and particulate-sprayed particulate volcano erupted, when it is cold cause a fertile soil, sand and rock that erupted out of volcanoes can be used as building materials. Carbon monoxide gas when reacting with oxygen in the air to

produce carbon dioxide gas can be used to establish plants for photosynthesis to produce carbohydrates that are useful for living things.