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Lesson Plan: Population Sampling

-Standards Addressed: 7.SP.1 Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population 7.SP.2 Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. -General Goal(s): Students will use random sampling to make generalizations about a population. -Specific Objectives: Students will use white and black beans in a jar to represent a population. Students will use random sampling to estimate the number of black beans and total beans in the jar. Students will use an excel spreadsheet to make assumptions about the population and to create a double bar graph. -Required Materials: 1-pint jar full of beans per group. Jar will contain 200 black beans; the remainder will be white. Copy of student worksheet. 1 computer with Microsoft Excel. -Anticipatory Set (Lead-In): Show beans in jar and have students make predictions about the number of black and total beans in jar. Ask what mathematical justifications were used in making their predictions. How can we get a good estimate? -Step-By-Step Procedures: Divide class into groups of 2-4 students. Give each group a copy of the student worksheet. There will be 8 trials. For each trial, a student will reach into the jar and draw out a small handful of beans (approximately 30 beans). On the worksheet, students will record how many white, black, and total beans were drawn out of the jar. Beans will be returned to the jar. Repeat these steps 8 times. After data has been recorded on the student worksheet, students will create an Excel spreadsheet. Excel Instructions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Open Excel and save document as “Population Sampling” Label B2 through I2-- 1 through 8 for the eight trials of the investigation Label J2—Mean (Average) Label A3—white beans Label A4—Black beans Label A5-- Total Beans Have students transfer the data from their worksheet into the spreadsheet. To make the bar graph, highlight the boxes that contain the data for the black beans and the total beans (B4 to I4 and B5 to I5). 9. Click on insert, then charts or click on the charts tab. Select the 2-D clustered column chart. After you select the type of chart you want, it should appear. 10. Format your table by adding a title and labeling the axes. Do this by clicking on the chart layout tab and using the chart titles and axes titles tabs.

11. Add formulas to the spreadsheet. The formula to calculate percentage is =part/total. For this table, in cell b6, type =b4/b5. This will calculate the percentage of black beans in that sample. Drag the corner of B6 to I6 and the formula will continue in those cells and calculate the percentage for all samples. You can format the percentage by going to format cells, and under the number tab, selecting percentage and how many decimal places you desire. 12. To find the mathematical mean, use the formula =cell:cell. For this spreadsheet, in cell J3, type the formula =b3:i3, and the average will appear in the cell. Drag the corner of J3 down to J6 and it will calculate the mean for all data. - Closure (Reflect Anticipatory Set): After examining the data on the spreadsheet, make appropriate assumptions on the student worksheet. We can estimate that _______% in the jar are black beans. So if there are 200 black beans, how many total beans are in the jar? How many white beans? What if there were 100 black beans in the jar, how would the number of total beans change? What if you didn’t know how many black beans were in the jar, but I told you that there were 2000 total beans. How would we find the number of black beans? - Assessment Based On Objectives: Accuracy of spreadsheet and table. Appropriate assumptions of populations in the sample based on the groups’ data. - Adaptations (For Students With Learning Disabilities): Appropriate group structuring to meet needs of all tiers of learners. Increased one-to-one observations and instructions. - Extensions (For Gifted Students): Format spreadsheet to make it more visually appealing.

Group Investigation: Population Sampling Names: Date: Teacher: Instructions: Take a small handful (about 30 beans) out of the jar and count the black beans, white beans, and total beans. Record the data on the table below. Repeat this 7 times, so that you have eight samples. 1st White beans Black beans Total beans After completing the spreadsheet, answer the following questions using numbers, words, phrases, or pictures to justify your responses. 1. After completing the spreadsheet, we can estimate that ______________% in the jar are black beans. 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th

2. If there are 200 black beans in the jar, how many total beans are in the jar? How many white beans?

3. What if there were only 100 black beans in the jar, how would the number of total beans change?

4. What if you didn’t know how many black beans were in the jar, but I told you that there were 2000 total beans in the jar. How would you find the number of black beans?