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Introduction to Jaimini tradition by Madhura Krishna Murthy Sastri

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**Astrology, he graced the Astrological
**

Magazine in 1960s under immense

persuasion of Late Dr Raman and gave us

some rare jewels in Jaimini Astrology. At

the age of 80, he lives in a small town in

Andhra Pradesh. Incidentally not many in

India & West know that Andhra Pradesh

has been the land of Jaimini Astrology after

Banaras. Revered Sastriji leads a strict

Brahminical life along with being very

open minded & extremely humble. His

humility only shows his supreme mastery

over astrology. He and Iranganti

Rangacharya are considered as the

foremost authorities alive today in Jaimini

Astrology. Mr Sastri has supported

Saptarishis Astrology right from its

inception stage.

SHRI MAHA GANAPATAYE NAMAH

Jaimini System

– A Revelation

By

Madhura Krishnamurthi Sastri,

India.

Translator: Sreeram Medapali

Copy Editor: Shanmukha

Article Submission: Aug, 2008

Readership Level: Very Advanced

1. Introduction

In the science of predictive astrology, there

are 3 famous systems – Parasara, Jaimini

and Yavana. Among them, Jamini School

gives remarkable and specific predictions

using distinctly different methods from

the other two. In this paper, an overview

of Jaimini system is discussed with the

help of Somanatha Mishra’s Kalpalatha a

commentary on Jaimini Sutras.

1.1 Parasara System:

In this system delineation of twelve

bhavas (houses) that is Tanu, Dhana etc.,

and Dasa and Antara dasa results occupy a

major role. In this system, results related

to the bhavas like Tanu, Dhana, Bhratri,

Matri bhava etc are determined by the

relationship between planets and bhavas

and fructification of results is determined

from the results of dasa – antardasa. The

dasa system in this school is planet based

and Vimsottari, Astottari, Shodashottai

etc. dasas are discussed. The application of

these dasas is decided by the time of birth

of the native i.e. specific combinations on

the horoscope, yet; in general, the results

are decided by Vimsottari dasa only.

287

1.2 Yavana System:

In this school of thought, the results are decided by the following six types of combinations

1 Grahaja: The results that planet give of its own, i.e. the signification

of planet

2 Bhavaja: The results by significations of the houses

3 Rashija: The results by the signification of signs Aries, Taurus etc.

4 Graha Bhavaja: The result of a planet in a particular house.

5 Graha Rasija: The results of planet in a particular sign

6 Graha Yogaja: The results of the combination planets, signs and houses

These six types of results are modified by the permutations and combinations of individual

significations of signs and planets, combinations of two, three planets etc. The dasa system

in this school depends on the longevity and then selecting the suitable dasa system.

1.3 Jaimini System:

Jaimini system while absorbing the topics from the above two systems, also mentions other

topics and distinct / peculiar topics / subject matters. The dasa system is mainly Rasi (Sign)

based and is drastically different from the above two systems. It is found that Jaimini

concepts are also dealt with in Parasara Hora Sastra (BPHS) by Sage Parasara. Due to non

availability of complete and unadulterated version of BPHS, it is difficult to understand the

Jaimini concepts with the available BPHS versions.

2.0 Kalpalatha

1

– An Exposition of Jaimini

Somanatha Mishra, son of Krishna Mishra wrote Kalpalatha, his commentary on Jaimini

Sutras. He explained in the work about the concept introduced in the Jaimini Upadesa

Sutras chapter wise and indicated that Sage Jaimini wrote 8 Chapters (Adhyayas) in Sutra

form, 4 Chapters each on mathematical and predictive part. We explain in the following

lines the introductory chapter given by Somanatha Mishra for the benefit of readers.

अथ भगवानाचायर ः कालपजानाथ गिणत शाUं सू ऽा7ाय चतु 9यं िन-7 त¢ारा सव षां ज~ू नामिप

फलपिरजानाथ ूभु रं जनाथ च आय

ु

जा र न परलोक जानाथ च कारक लP िेTण नवं शकािदिभः

उपदे शा7ाय चतु 9यं ूकटीकरोित

atha bhagavānācāryaḥ kālapajñānārthaṁ gaṇita śāstraṁ sūtrādhyāya catuṣṭayaṁ nirūpya

taddvārā sarveṣāṁ jantūnāmapi phalaparijñānārthaṁ prabhuraṁjanārthaṁ ca āyurjñāna

paraloka jñānārthaṁ ca kāraka lagna drekkaṇa navaṁśakādibhiḥ upadeśādhyāya catuṣṭayaṁ

prakaṭīkaroti

1

Copy Editor’s Note: Kalpalatha is still in manuscript form. This author has done wonderful job in

procuring the manuscript from all available source and preserving it for the future generations. 288

Translation: Maharshi Jaimini, the divine incarnation, explained mathematical part (Ganita

Sastra) (theory related to calculation of planets, tithi etc) in four chapters and predictive part

in another four chapters. Through these four chapters on Predictive part He enumerated

means to predict good and bad results for all lives including animals, to determine the

longevity, the knowledge about netherworlds, predictions regarding the lives of kings,

using Karaka, lagna, drekkana and navamsa.

Somanatha mentioned the various topics discussed in the Jaimini Sutras chapter wise in the

following lines.

अिHन

्

शाUे ूथमा7ाये सं जा कारक पद राजयोगािद िनणlयते ।

asmin śāstre prathamādhyāye saṁjñā kāraka pada rājayogādi nirṇīyate |

Translation: In this Upadesa sasthra, Sage Jaimini explained the significations of signs,

karaka planets, Arudha Pada, Rajayoga and their respective results in the first chapter.

Explanation: There are four chapters each comprising four padas (quarter) and hence

resulting in total 16 padas.

First quarter contains 35 sutras and discusses

• Rasi Drishis

• Argala

• Chara karaka Æ Atma Karaka (AK) etc.

• Arudha Pada

Second quarter contains 121 sutras, discusses Karakamsa and houses from Karakamsa Lagna.

3

rd

quarter contains 45 sutras, explains various Dhana and Rajayogas from Arudha Lagna

(AL). Fourth quarter deals with the spouse, children, brothers and devotion from Upapada

lagna (UL) in 49 sutras. So, in total, the first Chapter contains 250 sutras.

This chapter lists 40 dasa systems in total.

ि3तीया7ाये तु लP कारक आय

ु

दा र य दशािवशे षािद।

dvitīyādhyāyetu lagna kāraka āyurdāya daśāviśeṣādi |

Translation: In second Adhyaya (Chapter), calculation of longevity from natal lagna and

Karaka lagna, determination of maraca planets, various dasa systems and their respective

calculation were discussed.

ि3तीया7ये च~ािरं शïशानयनं ।

dvitīyādhyaye catvāriṁśaddaśānayanaṁ |

Translation: Forty sign dasas and their calculation were explained in 2

nd

chapter.

289

Explanation: In Jaimini Sutras 1st quarter of 2nd chapter, Sage Jaimini explained calculation

of longevity of the native, Ayurdasas and respective Maraka planets, and calculation of

antara dasa in total 60 sutras. In 2nd quarter Sage explained the death inflicting periods for

Father, Mother, Spouse and the co-borns and the cause of their death in total 33 sutras. In 3

rd

quarter, He mentioned variations of different dasas, strength of signs and planets, death

inflicting periods for Matri, Pitri bhavas etc. in total 30 sutras. In 4th quarter, He explained

variations of Chara Dasa, calculation of various other sign dasas and general results of Rasi

Dasas in 37 sutras.

Somanatha explained these 40 dasas, but didn’t explain the calculation of them. He directed

the readers to read the “Mula Sastra

2

” by Kalidasa. Somanatha mentioned

the following

dasas in the 2

nd

chapter of Kalpalatha.

1. Atma Dasa

2. Chara Dasa

3. Varnada Dasa – 4 types

4. Nakshatra Dasa

5. Navamsa Dasa

6. Sthira Dasa

7. Shoola Dasa

8. Prakarantara Shoola Dasa (Another variation of Shoola Dasa)

9. Yoga Dasa also known as Yogartha Dasa

10. Prakarantara Chara Dasa (Another variation of Chara Dasa) – 3 Types

11. Karaka Dasa

12. Chara Paryaya Dasa

13. Sthira Paryaya Dasa – 2 Types

14. Nakshatra Bheda Dasa

15. Trikona Dasa

16. Drishti (Drik) Dasa

17. Kendra Dasa

Somanatha extensively dealt with the calculation of the longevity of the native,

detemination of Maraka (Daeth inflicting) planets, Maraka planets for Mother and Father

etc.

Raghava Bhatta, the author of “Jataka Sara Sangraha” explained the following 12 Ayur

(longevity) dasas in the Ayurdaya Part (Longevity Chapter).

1. Hora Dasa

2. Darpana Dasa

3. Soola Dasa

4. Maheswara Dasa

2

Copy Editor’s Note: Mula sastra means the main (root) science. It looks this Jaimini Sastra was more

exhaustive than that is available to us. Also one can note from the list of the dasas that today’s available

knowledge base have not even heard of these dasas hence we must be thankful to Madura Sastrigaru to

atleast mention these new dasas from Kalpalatha to increase our inquisitiveness to earn that knowledge. 290

5. Atma Nadi Dasa

6. Sthira Dasa

7. Varnada Dasa

8. Chara Paryaya Dasa

9. Atmanobhava Pamsa Dasa

10. Jaya Bhava Pamsa Dasa

11. Atmamsa Bhava Pamsa Dasa

12. Drekkana Dasa

Mostly the first and second chapters of Jaimini Sutras are popular. We have the following

commentaries for the 1

st

and 2

nd

chapters available and even in BPHS; there is an exposition

in verses of the concepts in 1

st

and 2

nd

chapter only.

1. Neelakantha

3

, being most popular

2. Bala Krishnananda Swami

3. Venkateswara Vriiti

4. Guru Vritti

5. Kesava Daivajna Vriddha Karikas

6. Jaimini Sutrartha Prakasika

7. Jaimini Padyamritam

8. Achyutananda Jha Vyakhya

9. Sitaram Jha Vyakhya

10. Commentary by B.Suryanarain Rao, published by Dr. B.V.Raman

Somanatha writes the following, in the 2

nd

chapter of Kalpalatha.

तृ तीया7ाये िेTणवै षियक राजयोग आय

ु

दा र य अ~रं ग षोडशदशा नयनं Uीलकणिनच।

tṛtīyādhyāye drekkaṇavaiṣayika rājayoga āyurdāya antaraṁga ṣoḍaśadaśā nayanaṁ

strīlakṣaṇanica|

Translation: Sage Jaimini gave exposition of Rajayoga, calculation of longevity according to

Drekkana, 16 other dasas, female horoscopy in the 3

rd

chapter.

Explanation: Sage Jaimini explained Rajayogas from Drekkana chart in the first quarter,

determination of longevity according to Drekkena and 16 types of Rasi dasas according to

Antaranga Sashtra (explained later in this paper) in 2

nd

quarter, female horoscopy in 3

rd

quarter

and determination of Yoga Bhanga (Cancellation of Yogas), various dasas, Argala, Raja

Yoga according to Amsa (Navamsa) in the 4

th

quarter of 3

rd

chapter.

चथु धा र 7ाये तु मृ ित लकण नानादे शसं चार परलोक िवधायक चतु दर श दशानयनम

्

।

इित म~U ूयोजनािन॥

cathurdhādhyāye tu mṛti lakṣaṇa nānādeśasaṁcāra paraloka vidhāyaka caturdaśa daśānayanam|

3

Publisher: Till date all English publications of Jaimini Sutras from rest of India except Andhra

Pradesh & Banaras have only followed Neelakantha’s commentary hence there is an urgent need to get

the other commentaries translated if one has to understand basics of Jaimini. 291

iti grandhasya prayojanāni ||

Translation: Sage Jaimini gave exposition of nature of death, visiting other countries, life

after death and 14 types of dasas.

Explanation: In the commentary of Somanatha, Drekkana plays an important role. He

writes Drekkana is Antaranga sastra (which is an implied secret system). He writes

तृ तीया7ाये लP कारक ूवृ ¬ शाUU बिहरं ग~ात

्

िेTण शाUU अ~रं ग~ात

्

।

अ~रं गबिहर¬योर~रं गो बलीयान

्

॥

इित Fाये न अ~र¬शाUU Iगाणरी~ै व फलािधकं ूवृ ¬िमित Fाये न Iगाना7ायः ूवृ ¬ः॥

tṛtīyādhyāye lagna kāraka pravṛtta śāstrasya bahiraṁgatvāt drekkaṇa śāstrasya antaraṁgatvāt|

antaraṁgabahirangayorantaraṁgo balīyān ||

iti nyāyena antarangaśāstrasya dṛgāṇarītyaiva phalādhikaṁ pravṛttamiti nyāyena dṛgānādhyāyaḥ

pravṛttaḥ ||

Translation: In Somanatha’s interpretation, 3rd chapter of Jaimini Sutras deals with the

Antaranga system. The results described by the Lagna, Karaka, Karakamsa and Arudha are

called Bahiranga system (As apparent/ external system), where as 3rd chapter deals with

Antaranga system (An implied system) of Drekkana

4

. And since the implied is more

powerful than the apparent, the 3rd chapter of Jaimini Sutras is very important and the

results ascribed shall be read from the Drekkana chart.

Explanation: We could fortunately get hold of the Neelakantha

5

commentary on 3rd and 4th

chapters of Jaimini sutras which I could transcribe from the manuscript available with our

Gurudeva Sri Venkata Ramana Daivajna. We learnt that it was printed in Bombay decades

ago, but isn’t traceable. Sri B.V.Raman published English commentary by Sri S.K.Kar,

Calcutta on these 3rd and 4th chapters. But after studying the manuscript of Neelakantha

commentary, we could find that there is a lot of difference in Sutras between Neelakantha’s

commentary and Sri S.K.Kar’s commentary. Neelakantha commentary has 145 sutras in 4th

quarter of 3rd Chapter, where as these Sutras are no resemblance with the Sutras given by

Sri S.K.Kar. Yet, these sutras in Sri S.K.Kar’s commentary are in resemblance with the

manuscript No. 13727 of Madras Oriental Libray, Chennai. So it is doubtful whether the

manuscript available with us of Neelakantha commentary is original or not.

4

Copy Editor’s Note: In Jaimini system, Drekkana chart has an important role in determining

Rajayoga next only to Rasi chart. Though Parivriiti Drekkana chart is popular in this system, yet

Somanatha gave another Parivriiti Drekkana popularly known as Somanatha Drekkana. Readers do well

to learn it from Standard work like Jaimini Sutramritam by Rangacharya, 1

st

chapter.

5

Copy Editor’s Note: This is fantastic. It is not still available in print.

292

We

6

couldn’t trace out the complete work of Somanatha’s Kalpalatha, but up to the

commentary for 1st quarter of 4th chapter only. And again, the Somanatha commentary on

3

rd

and 4

th

chapters differs distinctly with S.K.Khar’s commentary.

3.0 Important Parameters for Analysis of an Horoscope

Somanatha mentioned four important parameters for the analysis of a horoscope.

• Lagna

• Karaka

• Drekkana

• Amsaka (He interpreted Amsaka as Arudha Pada)

The following 5 lagnas useful for determination of Rajayoga on the horoscope

• Tripravana Lagna

• Sri Lagna

• Indu Lagna

• Vilagna

• Bhagadhikamsa Lagna (Karakamsa Lagna)

The following other lagnas can also be effectively used, but these are secondary

7

.

• Hora Lagna

• Ghati Lagna

• Chandra Lagna

Yogada and Kevala Grahas play an important role in determining the Raja Yoga and

Avayoga of the horoscope.

The planet aspecting lagna is called Drashta or Yogada planet and ‘Argala shall be calculated

only to Yogada planet only

8

’. The strength and influence on this planet shall decide the extent

of Raja Yoga of the horoscope.

6

Copy Editor’s Note: This author couldn’t get the commentary for 2nd, 3rd, 4th quarters of 4th chapter

even after consulting available manuscripts in Adyar Manuscript Library and Tanjavur (Tanjore)

Saraswati Mahal Library.

7

Publishers Note: One must note that here the word secondary has been used for Hora, Ghatika &

Moon Asc whereas till date all of us Jaimini aspirants have been using them as the main primary factor

to determine rajayogas; we remain indebted to our author for opening our eyes.

8

Publishers Note: This point on usage of Argala cannot be ignored and Maduraji, shows us that the

way generally Argala has been used for the last few decades is totally wrong & at the same time his

experience of differential application of Argala as brought out by Somanatha Mishra of Kalpalatha fame

might have made him change his stance of usage of Argala that he wrote in 1962. As is the true

parampara of scholars to always quote verse from relevant manuscript so as not to misguide students in

learning of shastra, here is the verse for Argala from Madurajis copy of Kalpalatha सवर ऽािप ि9ार मिधकृ ~ै व

अगर ल पिरजानम

्

। न तु िवलP कारकयोः॥

293

4.0 Applicability of Dasas – The Speciality

4.1 Raja Yoga Dasas

Out of dasas mentioned in 2nd Chapter of Jaimini Sutras only 11 dasas can be applied to

Rajayoga horoscopes. Out of them only 5 are useful for the horoscopes of Kings.

Below you would find 4 dasas which are equally applicable for any rajayoga horoscope and

the results gotten similar with any two dasas always come true.

• Yogartha Dasa

• Manduka Pluti Dasa (Pluti means Jump).

• Labhadhipastha Drekkana Dasa

• Bhava Rahasya Dasa

9

4.2 Ordinary Dasas

The following dasas are applicable for Kings with no Rajayoga or for the Kings with

Rajayoga Bhanga (Cancellation of Rajayoga) in the horoscope.

10

• Nakshatra Bheda Dasa

• Nakshatra Raja Dasa

• Nisarga Dasa

• Chara Dasa

• Chara Paryaya Dasa

• Sthira Paryaya Dasa

• Gochara (Trikona) Dasa

4.3 Ayur Dasas for Longevity

Somanatha Mishra mentioned that Longevity should be calculated from lagna, lord of 8

th

,

Moon, Hora Lagna, Ghatika Lagna and Drekkana. The following dasas are useful for

longevity.

• Bramha Graha Dasa

• Varnada Dasa

• Chara Dasa

• Chara Paryaya Dasa

5.0 Conclusion:

sarvatrāpi draṣṭāra madhikṛtyaiva argala parijñānam |na tu vilagna kārakayoḥ ||

Literal Translation: Argala shall always be calculated ONLY from the apecting planet. Never from the

lagna (Vilagna) or from the Karaka (Presumably Atmakaraka planet).

9

Copy Editor’s Note: Readers can find the exposition of this dasa only in Jataka Sara Sangraha By

Raghava Bhatta, bhava means house, rahasya means secret.

10

Copy Editor’s Note: The heading says Oridinary dasas whereas the explanation given means it is for

Kings only, we are unable to ratify this contradiction from Maduraji due to his ill-health. 294

Thus, Somanatha Mishra mentioned many parameters for the analysis of horoscope, which

are distinctly different from Parasara and Yavana systems. His father Krishna Mishra

mentioned much more details in his treatise “Phalaratnamala”. He claimed to have followed

Sarvajna Muni (Sage Sarvajna) in writing the book. It looks that the school of these two

great commentators of Jaimini system is very ancient and much more exhaustive in content

and drastically differs from the modern commentators. And since this wonderful Jaimini

Tradition is lost to us, it is difficult to understand this system comprehensively. It is learnt

that Jain Astrologers also have done excellent work on this system, if a massive hunt is

carried out in the manuscript libraries available across India, it is hoped that this system

could be revived to the maximum possible extent. We hope suitable steps should take place

in near future by eminent scholars.

In Bhaskara’s Bhava Deepika, it is said that a benefic in the 10

th

is

necessary to perform religious sacrifices leading to Moksha. Guru

in the 10

th

makes one a Gnani (knowledge man) but Ketu in 10

th

can advance the native further after real knowledge, devotion and

yogik action leading to ultimate salvation, that is, while the

theoretical part of spiritualism is governed by Jupiter, the

practical side of spiritualism is dominated by Ketu. – From the

writings of Late D.V.Subba Rao, a giant of astrology

Kamadehenu Yoga is caused when the 11

th

lord occupies a kendra

and the native is revered by kings, own women and is intelligent –

Vasista Jataka.

295

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