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Enlightenments From the Calls of the Messengers (AS

)

Part I

By Sayyid Ahmad Al-Hassan

Al-Hadaf for Media and Publishing Beirut - Lebanon

A guaranteed TPT℠ translation from Arabic into English. By TT International Group®, Lebanon (www.grouptt.com)

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Dedications To the ones who taught me how to stand up for the Truth without being consumed by worries or feeling desolate To the ones who taught me how to renounce worldly pleasures and vanities To the ones whom I have the utter honor to roll in the earth they walked on To the honorable prophets and messengers of Allah (AS) In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful Ahmad Al-Hassan Safar 26, 1425 AH

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful Praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. May His blessings and prayers be upon Muhammad, his progeny, the Imams, and the Mahdis. Enlightenments from the Call of Noah (AS) 1- The call of Noah (AS), the first messenger endowed with constancy, to his people was marked with some leniency and goodly exhortation. By all appearances, even his warnings were forbearing as well, {I am naught but a manifest warner.}[1] Noah was not strict with his people even when warning and reproving them, although they were oppressors and tyrants, {They said, “If you desist not, O Noah, you shall surely be one of those who are stoned to death.”}[2] Noah (AS) also said, as mentioned in the chapter of the Heights (Al-A’raaf), {Do you wonder that a reminder has come to you from your Lord through a man from among you, that he might warn you and that you might guard (against evil) so that mercy may be shown to you?}[3] He (AS) also said, {We sent Noah to his people, “Surely I am a manifest warner to you * So that you worship none but Allah. Verily, I do fear for you the punishment of a painful day.”}[4] Noah (AS) even said, {He said, “O my people! Bethink you, if I rely on a clear proof from my Lord and there has come unto me a mercy from His presence, and it has been made obscure to you, can we compel you to accept it when you are averse thereto?”}[5] At times the admonition is associated with mercy and at some other times with his fear from the punishment his people would endure. Verily, Noah’s (AS) leniency can either be explained through the Taqiyya[6] in order to avoid a strong clash with the non-believers and any entailing harm that could befall the believers, or through his endeavors to soften the hearts of the non-believers and make them amenable in the pursuit of gaining their faith. This latter explanation is more likely than the one of the Taqiyya; when Noah knew from Allah that none of his people would believe, other than those who already believed, he became more rigorous toward them and ridiculed, threatened and menaced them harshly and coarsely. The Almighty said, {It was revealed unto Noah, “None of your people will believe save for those who have already believed! Thus grieve no longer over their deeds * But build an Ark before Our eyes according to Our inspiration, and address Me not with respect to those who have been unjust, for they are about to be overwhelmed (by the Flood).” *Forthwith he started constructing the Ark and whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they ridiculed him. He said, “If you ridicule us now, we (in our turn) can look down on you with ridicule likewise!* Then you shall know upon whom will come a punishment that will disgrace him, and upon whom will fall a lasting punishment.”}[7] 2- Noah (AS) was endowed with patience and temporization: {He said, “O my Lord! I have called upon my people night and day... Then I have called upon

them openly. Further, I have spoken to them in public and appealed to them in private.”}[8] Patience and temporization are requisites for whoever wishes to put faith in the hearts of those he calls to follow the way of Allah. In fact, many are those whom you call to the Truth but they do not believe at first, nay they face you with harshness and rudeness. However, as days pass, they come to believe in the Truth and might even join the ranks of those loyal subjects who call upon the Truth. 3- Noah (AS) resorted to Allah, the Glorified and Exalted, trusted in Him, and relied on His projections and arrangements, nay he called upon Allah to help him after growing hopeless of gaining the faith of the non-believers, {“Lord I am overcome, do then help me.”} 4- Noah (AS) had mercy on the believers, treated them with humility, and did not care for their past before they answered his call, whatever such past was. Not only that, but he also stood up for that group and took pride in it. {They said, “Shall we believe in you while the meanest follow you?”* He said: “And what do I know as to what they do? *Their account is only with my Lord, if you could but understand. *I am not one to drive away those who believe. *I am naught but a manifest warner.”}[9] 5- Noah (AS) persevered and worked hard to survive the flood by constructing the blessed Ark, preparing provisions for people and animals, and arranging the equipment and the apparatus. Such preparations are not easy tasks; they are a strenuous process. Most surely, he who performs such chores faces many problems, especially if his people shun him, for he shall lack many resources to carry out such a big task. Hence, we can imagine how immense Noah’s patience was; how great his trust and reliance on Allah, the One Unique and All Compelling Subduer, were; and how overwhelming the divine mercy and favor bestowed upon Noah were. He (AS) worked with a hand that was almost void of everything, save for Allah’s mercy. He also worked in a society who only met him with derision, mockery, and sarcasm. 6- Noah (AS) was full of certainty; and by certainty, I do not mean he was certain of the presence of Allah, the Glorified and Exalted, or of his prophethood, but I mean he was confident he would defeat and overcome the oppressors. It was that certainty that fostered Noah’s (AS) constancy and helped him communicate the divine message, endure the hurt, and disregard people’s derision. Nay, he himself ridiculed them, for he was certain of the Almighty’s sayings, {And certainly Our word has already gone forth in respect of Our servants, the messengers * Surely they are the ones who shall be assisted * And certainly Our forces shall be the conquerors.}[10]

Summary: Calling for the Truth with leniency, mercy, and softness, then showing an extreme compassion towards those who come to believe in the Truth, having patience with respect to those who do not believe at first perchance they later come to believe in the Truth, and working day and night, in secret as in public, to communicate the Truth without boredom or exhaustion -{And bestow not favors seeking to get more in return}- are all requisites. In all such cases, the utter certainty and belief in the divine

victory must prevail and the servants of Allah must resort to Him, draw strength from Him, truly rely on Him and put themselves in His hands so that they be a proof of the noble verse: {There is no might save in Allah.}

Enlightenments from the Argumentation between Noah (AS) and His People {Do you not see how Allah has created seven heavens, one above the other…?}[11] Like all prophets, Noah (AS) was sent to reform the ideological, legislative, moral, social, political, and economic corruption. Their arguments were simply fathomed and free of any complexity; not much consideration or examination was necessary to conclude that they were the evident Truth. However, when such arguments are produced before people who have sullied the nature originated by Allah and chosen a religion different than His, they become extremely complicated and ambiguous for they have been brought before people who have hearts with which they do not understand and ears with which they do not hear.

Objections of Noah’s People: 1. You are human just like us: {But the chiefs of the non-believers among his people said, “We do not see you but a man like us.”} Hud 27. 2. The naive and those who lack firmness of character have followed you: {And we see no one has followed you save those who are the meanest of us, in judgment immature} Hud 27. 3. We deem you and those who are with you liars: {And we see in you no merit over us, nay, we deem you liars.} Hud 27. All the aforementioned objections are far from the gist of the message as well as of the issue that is being debated; they are mere fallacies and sophistries. Not only that but they are empty and ill-founded objections with which those people try to convince their haughty selves. As for the scholars deemed weak and incompetent in religious affairs, and their followers and imitators who are ignorant and blind, they underestimate and disregard such objections; {The chiefs of his people said,}, chiefs being the religious and mundane authority, {“Surely, we see that you are in a manifest delusion.”},[12] not merely delusion, but a manifest, clear, evident delusion as they considered it!! Indeed, Noah (AS) was sent to call upon people to worship and fear Allah, as well as to believe in equality, justice, mercy and devoutness. Such matters obstruct the satanic course of the objectors (to Noah) who went about belittling people, and stand in the way of their religious and mundane leaders and the phony sanctity, opulence and power that such vain leaderships offer them. Therefore, there is no need to consider Noah’s claim (AS). Instead, it is enough that the chiefs (mainly the religious leaderships) say, “Indeed, Noah (AS) is in a manifest delusion”, so that all people who took to imitation and blind adherence say, “Indeed, Noah is in a manifest delusion”: {And We drowned those who rejected Our revelations. Surely, they were a blind people.}[13] Enlightenments from the call of Abraham (AS)

1- Abraham faced his people with severity and harshness, and showed no leniency. He faced them saying, {… “What are these statues you devote yourself to?” *They said, “We found our fathers worshipping them.” *He said, “Indeed, you have been in a manifest delusion, you and your fathers ... and by Allah, I will plan something against your idols, after you go away and turn your backs.”}[14] Then the confrontation, which began as mere debate and verbal argumentation swiftly turned into an armed fight with the fatal weapon used at that time -the hatchet– {Thus he broke them into pieces, save for the chief of them, so that they may return to it.}[15] Abraham was brought before them, and he was the sole believer among masses of errant scholars, blind imitators, and idol worshippers. However, he did not give up nor did he decide to be lenient with them; he confronted them severely and harshly. When his people asked him: {They said, “O Abraham, are you the one that caused so to our gods?”}[16], He mocked them and sarcastically said, {He said, “Surely it is the chief of them that caused it, so ask them, if they can speak.”}[17] Yes, do ask them, O blind people, you who sullied the nature according to which Allah created you, and chose a religion different than that of Allah. Ask them, you who hid behind a scholarship replete with controversies and satanic sophistries that, as you claimed, represented the Religion. Do ask them, O you who were confounded! They found no answer save for: {“You know full well that these (idols) do not speak!”}[18]. So the great prophet coarsely addressed those damned, confounded masses saying: {He said, “Then do you worship instead of Allah that which does not benefit you at all or harm you? * Fie upon you and what you worship instead of Allah; do you not then understand?”{He said, “Do you then see what you have been worshipping, you and your forefathers? Surely they are my foes, save for the Lord of the worlds.”}[19] In the end, they found no answer to Abraham (AS), save for the fire that raged in their hearts, {They said, “Burn him and help your gods, if you do (anything at all).”}[20] It was then that the hand of the divine mercy reached out to shield this believer who got furious at them for the sake of Allah; {We said, “O Fire, be cool and (a means of) safety for Abraham!” *They plotted against him, but We made them the greatest losers! And We delivered him…*And We made them Imams to guide people by Our command.}[21] 2- The call of Abraham (AS) was not marked with any temporization; it was a swift confrontation where events succeeded at an amazing speed. 3- Abraham set the target and the deathblow that would be fatal to Falsehood. He confronted Falsehood harshly and swiftly without any consideration neither to materialistic issues nor to the religious and worldly authority held by the people of Falsehood, which enables them to belittle the common. When the servant is certain that there is no might save in Allah, he can face millions of people by himself without caring for their number or weapons, for his weapon is the One and Unique, the All Compelling Subduer, the Almighty. Summary: The most important aspect that singularized the call of Abraham (AS) was his harshness, and the overt and swift confrontation. Surely, such confrontation was preceded by a covert one that resulted in Lot (AS) believing in Abraham’s call.

Enlightenment from the calls of Abraham and Noah (AS) The Quran did not speak of a miracle performed by Noah or Abraham (AS) to confirm their truthfulness, for the miracle is a means to support the call of the prophets and not a confirmation of the call’s validity. Verily, the call of both prophets to return to the nature originated by Allah requires no proof; for it is the nature according to which Allah created Man. It is the Truth, and it calls to worshipping, praising, and sanctifying Allah alone, as well as to embracing the good morals which Man was created to cherish and the religion of Allah, the best religion of all. A butterfly rushes upon the light but once its compound eyes are damaged, it seeks obscurity. The same applies to Man; in fact, the prophets and messengers act as the ultimate proof of Allah and they are sent to lift the veil from before Man’s eyes. Thus they let him choose whether to open his eyes and head to the light or close them and let the veil down to hide himself, retreating into endless obscurity; {They have thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, grown obstinate, and given themselves up to arrogance.}[22] The most conclusive proof of the prophets’ truthfulness is their blessed journey and their good morals; surely, the character of each person defines words and deeds thereof, as per the proverb “out of the heart's store come the words of the mouth”. However, in spite of this noble journey and the great miracles the prophets made, the people of Falsehood, particularly errant scholars, still objected by spreading fallacies and satanic sophistries, after having sullied others with their own beliefs, the false beliefs with which they contested the religion of Allah, the Glorified and Exalted. Thus those people established for themselves a fertile platform within the human society, so that it may accept all their words and deeds, and follow them blindly. Indeed, the asceticism of the prophets is perceived as mere insanity, their miracles as magic, and their wisdom as poetry. Enlightenments from the Call of Moses (AS) {When he reached full age, and became fully grown, We bestowed upon him wisdom and knowledge, for thus do We reward those who do good.}[23] Here we go with Moses (AS) – after Allah bestowed upon him wisdom and knowledge – into the city, the capital of Pharaoh, which he filled with corruption, tyranny, killings targeting the believers, assaults against people’s honor, and subjugation of the weak to serve his gigantic criminal machine. Moses (AS) came and approached two men; one of them was an Israelite believer and the other one of Pharaoh’s abominable soldiers who wanted to exploit and humiliate the Israelite. The latter refused to accept the humiliation and abasement, of which the majority of the Children of Israel had their fill. Moses (AS) then killed the damned man, describing him as the work and creation of Satan. Surely Satan is the enemy of Allah and the adversary of His servants who was made manifest to every man of sound nature, and likewise for that damned soldier of Pharaoh. Thus the battle of Moses (AS) against Pharaoh and his damned satanic followers was launched; an unequal battle from a materialistic perspective. Moses (AS) then left the city, scared and watchful, invoking Allah to deliver him from those unjust people, not in quest for worldly pleasures that would confine the likes of Moses (AS), but so as he may bear the standard of Allah: (There is no god but Allah).

Moses did not raise a hatchet to destroy an idol incarnating the ideologies of the errant people; he assaulted those people directly, killed one of them and then attempted to kill another. This move certainly was more serious than the former one. After an absence of ten years, which he spent with the great prophet Shu’aib (AS), Moses (AS) returned to Egypt, but this time he was carrying a message to Pharaoh, the tyrant; a message he was entrusted with while on the way back to Egypt, along with another one he wanted to communicate (There is no might save in Allah). The Powerful, Lord of heaven and earth asked Moses {What is that in your right hand, O Moses?},[24] although the Almighty was all aware of the thing Moses was holding in his right hand. It was a mere staff, according to the observations of those blinded by materialistic pursuits, with which Moses (AS) could not face Pharaoh’s forces who were armed with the most developed weaponry of that time. However, Allah, the Almighty, rendered that staff alive acting by His might which created the heavens and the earth, and He made the hand of Moses white without harm or stain, as another sign. Although those signs were great and wonderful, the weapon of Moses was neither the staff nor the miraculous white hand. His true invincible weapon was (There is no might save in Allah). As for Moses, those signs were only meant so he may be seen as among his Lord’s greatest miracles. Moses came to Pharaoh, the tyrant, strong with that great belief: (There is no might save in Allah), which rendered Pharaoh, Haman, and their soldiers smaller than flies in Moses’ (AS) eyes, nay also insignificant. Then Moses and Aaron cried out in Pharaoh’s presence; {We brought to you a sign from your Lord, and peace be upon those who follow guidance * Verily, it was revealed unto us that punishment awaits those who reject and turn away.}[25] The tyrant then started stickling and arguing, “Who is your lord?”… “What is wrong with the earlier generations[26]?”... Then the damned man renounced saying, {He said, “O Moses, have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic? * Surely, we can produce magic to match yours! Set then an appointment between us, which we shall not fail to attend, neither you and nor we, in a place where both shall have even chances.”}[27] Pharaoh and his soldiers were haughty and deserved punishment. Consequently, they were drowned in the sea of their sins so as they may serve as a lesson for the pharaohs of this time and their soldiers. Therefore, is there anyone willing to learn a lesson from it before the word proves to be true? Some of the Most Noticeable Aspects of the Call of Moses (AS): 1. Moses (AS) started off by killing one of Pharaoh’s soldiers; and this stance is extremely serious, since killing and fighting are often the last resort when spreading the call and the word of Allah, (There is no god but Allah). What could then be the reason that let it be the first recourse here?! There are many reasons, of which we mention the following: 1. Moses was facing a tyrant who domineered people’s lives, killed, stole, pillaged, and overpowered the people of the earth with no deterrent. Therefore, Moses’ blessed act which consisted in killing that satanic soldier constituted a major blow and a significant deterrent to Pharaoh, his followers and soldiers. 2. This act went a long way into encouraging the Children of Israel to revolt against Pharaoh and his soldiers, and braced them for the revolution that Moses (AS) made after his return.

3. This act was important for it showed Moses (AS) as a rebel against the tyranny of Pharaoh and his soldiers, and shed the light before the Children of Israel on the importance of this great leader who would deliver them from Pharaoh and his soldiers later on. 4. This act played an important role in blowing away the accusation of allegiance to Pharaoh, may Allah curse him, which Moses (AS) had to bear, as he was the stepson of Pharaoh and lived in his palace. 5. After Moses returned from Midian[28], the call for the Truth took another form. This time, it became more lenient perchance Pharaoh, one of his assistants, or one of his soldiers come back or fear Allah, the Glorified and Exalted, and thus follow the religion of Jacob (AS) and Joseph (AS) who was a dear person and a helper of their former king. Until that time, Moses had not introduced the law that abrogated that of Jacob (AS), Isaac, and Abraham (AS) - which was the Hanafite law - despite the fact that the latter was distorted and only applied according to the satanic whims and allegations of Israel’s religious scholars. 6. Divine punishments and signs accompanied the call of Moses (AS) in Egypt, perchance Pharaoh, his soldiers, or the arrogant among the Children of Israel, like Qarun, would believe. Some of those punishments consisted in turning their water into blood and heaping their lands with frogs. They implored Moses to ask Allah to relieve them from such punishment. Even so, only a few of his people followed Moses, alas and woe unto the believers! 7. At the end of the call, Moses (AS) migrated with those who believed and left Egypt while fearing that Pharaoh, his people, followers, and soldiers would subdue, hurt, and kill them. When both groups saw each other, that growing fear was manifest among the Children of Israel whose faith was weak and shaky. They said, “Surely, we will be overtaken by Pharaoh and his soldiers.” However, Moses (AS) scolded and advised them that they were migrating to Allah, the One and All Compelling Subduer. He said, “By no means! My Lord is with me. He will show me a way out!” Consequently, the Children of Israel were delivered for Moses’ (AS) sake, and Pharaoh and his soldiers were drowned, so away with them! Indeed, for the sake of one soul, a thousand souls were honored.

Enlightenments from the Call of Isa (AS)

In reality, the call of Isa (AS) is one of the most complicated and difficult kinds of calls to Allah, the Glorified and Exalted, for it took place in a society that was supposedly a society of faith, the doctrines of which were not sullied by a manifest polytheism. Isa (AS) had to face the scholars and rabbis of the Children of Israel who were seasoned in discussing and debating doctrines and other religious matters. Thus the call of Isa, was characterized by many aspects, of which we mention the following: 1. 1. Asceticism: Isa (AS) and his twelve disciples were the most conclusive embodiment of such renunciation of worldly pleasures. In fact, this asceticism which Isa (AS) profoundly demonstrated to the people, was a cure for that growing condition of opulence spread among the scholars of the Children of Israel who had gotten used to life under the authority of the non-believing Romans, and become like beasts in mangers paying no heed but to feasting and filling their paunches. Thus, Isa (AS) and his disciples showed the Children of Israel and the Jews, nay showed all the peoples, how can the divine scholar, who is devoted to Allah, renounce worldly pleasures and approach the Hereafter, particularly in human societies strained by tyrannical dominion, where the poor had not a loaf of bread left to eat with dignity nor a sound intellectual doctrine to enlighten them, after they drowned in moral and social corruption. Hence, the asceticism of Isa and his disciples was a scandal that showed the disgrace of the scholars of the Children of Israel. It also showed the people the right path and ways that the divine scholars and leaders should follow to be a source of enlightenment and guidance for them, saviors who would deliver them from the dominion of idols, and guides who would lead them to Allah, the One and All Compelling Subduer.

1. 2. Devotion to Allah, the Glorified and Exalted: The Jews were not worshipping idols at the time Isa was sent, but they were obliged to pay a tribute to Caesar. They followed all the legislations their scholars issued and imitated them blindly, {They have taken their men of religion and their monks and the Messiah son of Mary as their lords, instead of Allah, although they were bidden to worship one Allah only, for there is no god but He. Far is His glory from having the associates they ascribe unto Him.}[29] Such deeds are an association with Allah the Almighty, for those people did not only refrain from performing Jihad[30] and reject the presence of the infidel Roman forces in the Holy Land, the land of the monotheists, but they also endeavored to strengthen the State of the occupier and idols, and to consolidate their sovereignty by paying a tribute to the Roman Caesar. Hence, they became idol worshippers and not monotheists worshipping Allah, although they pretended they were. Even more, they also followed their scholars when the latters violated the law of the prophets and guardians, thus worshipping errant scholars instead of Allah, the Glorified and Exalted. Indeed, errant scholars place their opinions as a counterpart to the legislation of Allah, and call upon people to follow them, making them believe that by

obeying them they would be obeying Allah, whereas in this case, they would be obeying Satan, may Allah curse and abase him. Therefore, Isa (AS) set off teaching and showing people the divine truths, calling upon them, once to devote themselves to worshipping Allah the Almighty, and once to disbelieve and fight idols, and destroy the economic, military, and media pillars of their State. Isa (AS) called upon people to revolt against the scholars of the Children of Israel who gave themselves the authority to legislate as counterparts to Allah the Almighty, and called people to obey them and follow their footsteps. Thus, they mislead people as they were errant themselves, for they made themselves lords to be worshipped in the stead of Allah Almighty. 1. 3. Justice and Mercy If devoid of justice and mercy life becomes obscure, with only tyranny, injustice, harshness, pain, and idols without mercy and justice. It is injustice, severity and harshness that keep Pharaoh, Nimrod, Caesar and their likes in power and allow them to take the reins of the satanic leadership so they may lead their supporters and those who follow in their footsteps, deep into the abyss of Hell. Whoever expects a tyrant to show some justice and mercy, is no different than he who wishes to smell a beautiful scent from a carcass. The powerful weapon within the reach of the prophets (AS) was justice and mercy. Thus, Isa (AS) set about promulgating and calling for justice and mercy within the society; the justice that the scholars of the Children of Israel dismissed when they kept alms to themselves and passed legislations according to their silly whims and allegations; and the mercy that people never knew while worshipping of the idols. The mercy of Isa (AS) encompassed even tax collectors who worked directly for Caesar; Isa (AS) tried to save and deliver them from the dark and obscure end which would await them if they were to follow in Caesar’s footsteps.

Enlightenments from the Call of Muhammad (PBUH) The call of Muhammad (PBUH) is considered as a general and comprehensive call, as if it embodied all what came in the calls of the former prophets, nay more. Such meaning was mentioned in the Hadith: the Quran comprised all that came in the Torah, Gospel, and Book of Psalms. The Almighty said: {He has established for you of the religion what He enjoined on Noah and that which We revealed to you and enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Isa, “Establish the religion…”}[31] The Prophet (PBUH) had to come to grips with the scholars of three distorted divine religions, the Hanafite sect, Christianity, and Judaism. Obviously, facing a divine scholar deviated whether with regard to the ideology or the legislation according to mere whims, is much more strenuous than facing an idolater or an atheist who believes not in the existence of Allah. The reason is that the errant divine scholar construes Allah’s words according to his whims and delineates the divine ideologies

according to his whims as well. Not only that but he also brings forth arguments and fallacies to confirm that his falsehood is the Truth; he who brings afflictions has many arguments and fallacies to convince others, as the Prophet said (PBUH): [He who brings afflictions has arguments and fallacies to convince others until his time comes. Thus if it comes, his affliction will cast him into the fire.][32] Thus I would say that had Muhammad (PBUH) not taken upon himself to carry the Islamic call, no other prophet would have been able to do it. He (PBUH) certainly endured what no other human had been able to bear. He took up the call and fought against the errant scholars and idols that overpowered people. Once he fought them through his knowledge - which Ali (AS) was the only other person who had been able to carry, for he was its gate, as the Prophet (PBUH) described him: [I am the city of knowledge and Ali its gate] - and once by way of force which he drew from his reliance on Allah, He Who has no equal. In Taif he stood, replete with pain, on stones that caused his noble body to bleed, and raised to Allah a supplication with words that still give the shivers to believers and reduce them to tears upon hearing them: (My Lord, unto you, I complain of my weakness, lack of means, and humiliation before people. O Lord of the overpowered and my Lord, to whom have you delivered me? To an enemy unto whom You have conferred control over me, or to a distant one whom meets me with dryness and coarseness? If I have not incurred Your Wrath, I shall not care…). Muhammad (PBUH) did not care when those foolish people incited their boys to pelt him with stones causing him to bleed and when he was humiliated for the sake of Allah, nor did he care when people accused him of lying. However, he was hurt when those people did not believe, for he saw Hell lurking at the end of the path they were following. Hence, Muhammad (PBUH) assumed the task of calling to follow the path of Allah; he either resorted to wisdom and goodly exhortation, or argued with them in a manner that is best, or came to blows with the non-believers and hypocrites and became harsh with them. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) endured this for twentythree years during which he knew neither rest nor leniency; he preached, argued, fought, and called to worship Allah until he drew his last breath. In his last days, he went out to the people, leaning on Ali (AS) and Abbas (AS), to urge them to fight and join the ranks of Usama Bin Zayd, and at the same time, to prove his obedience to Allah and the extent of his worship, which was so extreme that the Majestic addressed him: {Taa-haa *We have not revealed the Quran unto you so that it causes your distress.}[33] Not only that but his act was also that of utter generosity and renunciation of the worldly pleasures so he (PBUH) said to the Muslims, (By Him in Whose hand is my soul, had I had as many cattle as the trees of Tihamah, I would have shared it between you. Then you should not deem me a liar, coward, or stingy.) Even though the gains of war were abundant, the Messenger (PBUH) took only a little and what is strictly necessary so much that Hafsa and Aisha complained of such pinch. It was then that Allah revealed the verses with regard to replacing a spouse with another, which are known in the Quran. If only we had nowadays Muslims who follow the example of Muhammad (PBUH) even if by one-tenth, Islam would have then prevailed over all religions.

The call of the Messenger, Muhammad (PBUH), encompassed all what came in the calls of the previous prophets. He called upon people with leniency and mercy and then attacked them with harshness and severity. He also put himself to destroy the idols and kill the foes of Allah, menacing them with harm in this world and in the Hereafter. Whereas the Messenger (PBUH) was extremely lenient, merciful, and indulgent with believers, he was extremely severe, coarse and harsh with nonbelievers. The outward contradictions of such just divine balance cannot be borne but by a great soul like that of Muhammad (PBUH); a soul that can hold Heaven in one hand and Hell in the other and display them before the people, preaching the believers, and warning, rebuking, and menacing the non-believers. {And with truth have We revealed it (the Quran), and with truth did it come. And We have not sent you but as a giver of good news and an admonisher.}[34] The Almighty also said: {Praise is due to Allah: He Who had revealed unto His servant the Book and had allowed therein no crookedness. He has made it straight to warn (the non-believers) of a terrible punishment from Him, to give good news unto the believers who do good deeds, that they shall have a goodly reward.}[35] In this context, it is worth noting that what mostly distinguished the call of the Messenger (PBUH) was that it came as a closure to the divine messages. It was finally time to execute the preaching, warning, promise, and menace that the messengers brought before the people. As for the one who shall execute them, he is surely from the progeny of the Messenger (PBUH) and he is Imam Al-Mahdi (AS). Consequently, the promise of the Truth made by Allah, to Whom be ascribed all perfection and majesty, to all the prophets and messengers, draws nigh and the known promise day which is the doomsday of Satan, may Allah curse him, is also near. The Almighty said, {The commandment of Allah has come, therefore, seek not to hasten it. Far is His glory from having the associates they ascribe unto Him.}[36] The Almighty also said, {Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they heed not and they turn away.}[37] He Almighty also revealed, {The Hour has drawn nigh and the moon is cleft asunder.*But if they see a miracle, they turn away and say, "This is (but) transient magic."}[38] In the end, I would like to say that the calls of the messengers are considerably rich with things that a believer could benefit from in order for him or her to become a supporter of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) and not one of his foes. The calls of the messengers encompass a right, for which the believer, who wants to support Imam Al-Mahdi (AS), must necessarily fight. Surely, he or she shall suffer great pain starting from toil and trial, exertion and Jihad (struggle), killing and fighting, and enduring pains that may go beyond the body to reach the spirit and soul, as well as mockery, sarcasm, derision, disappointment and lack of supporters. Indeed, there shall be pain, pain and more pain. {That even the Messenger and those who believed with him cried, “When will the help of Allah come?” Now surely the help of Allah is nigh!}[39]

[1]- Ash-Shu'araa (The Poets): 115. [2]- Ash-Shu'araa (The Poets): 116. [3] - Al-A’raaf (The Heights): 63.

[4]- Hud (Hud): 25-26. [5] - Hud (Hud): 28. [6] Taqiyya : Method of self-preservation allowed in Islam in cases of fear whereby it is permissible for the Muslims not to show their faith openly. "Taqiyya" (or Taqiyyah) is related to the terms "taqwa" and "taqi" - all have the root meaning of "guarding" something, in this case, the Islamic faith. [7]- Hud (Hud): 36-39. [8]- Nuh (Noah): 5-9. [9]- Ash-Shu’araa (The Poets): 111-115. [10]- As-Saaffaat (Those drawn up in ranks): 171-173. [11]- Nuh (Noah): 15. [12]- Al-A’raaf (The Heights): 60. [13] - Al-A’raaf (The Heights): 64. [14]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 52-57. [15]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 58. [16]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 62. [17]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 63. [18]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 65. [19]- Ash-Shu’araa (The Poets): 75-77.

[20]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 68. [21]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 69-73. [22]- Nuh (Noah): 7. [23]- Al-Qasas (The Stories): 23. [24]- Taa-haa (Taa-haa): 17. [25]- Taa-haa (Taa-haa): 47-48. [26] - In reference to the people of ‘Ad mentioned in the Quran as the ones upon whom Allah inflicted a violent gale that reduced their great cities to mere destruction because they refused to believe in the call of the prophet Hud (AS) whereby he enjoined them to worship Allah only. [27]- Taa-haa (Taa-haa): 57-58.

[28]- It is believed to be a city in northwest Arabia on the east shore of the Gulf of ‘Aqaba. Some scholars say it was not a geographical area but a league of tribes. [29]- At-Tawba (The Repentance): 31. [30]- Jihad: A holy war considered a religious duty incumbent upon every Muslim. Jihad is an Arabic term deriving from the Arabic verb “Jahada” which means, "to strive in the way of Allah”.

[31]- Ash-Shura (Consultation): 13. [32]- Ya’qubi, vol. 1, p. 82. [33]- Taa-haa (Taa-haa): 1-2. [34]- Al-Israa' (The Night Journey): 105. [35]- Al-Kahf (The Cave): 1-2. [36]- An-Nahl (The Bee): 1. [37]- Al-Anbiyaa (The Prophets): 1. [38]- Al-Qamar (The Moon): 1-2. [39]- Al-Baqara (The Cow): 214.