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ASIA Clean Energy Forum 2012

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Thailand Green Islands
Renewable Energy Investment on Remote Islands

Deputy Director-General Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Ministry of Energy, Thailand --------------------------------------------------------------4-5 June 2012 ADB, Manila, Philippines

Twarath Sutabutr, Sc.D

Islands in Thailand

tota

Gulf of Thailand Andaman Sea
562 Islands 347 Islands

Total = 909 Islands in Thailand

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4 ongoing projects “Green Islands” by DEDE

Project Electricity generated by renewable energy for The Fishermen’s villages

Koh Jik

Koh Samui
APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT)

Koh Raya
BoT contract with hotels&resorts

“Green Island”

Koh Paluay

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Objective

Overall objective

• To improve energy supply management in targete islands • To achieve lower costs of delivered electricity with less environmental impact • To reduce carbon footprint inhotels&resort.

Specific objective

Increased energy conservation, reduced energy consumption and Green House Gas(GHG) emissions through extensive use of green technologies and sustained tourist demand for eco-friendly hotels and resorts.

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Main Activities
Review of literature

1) Reduce: energy analysis, increase energy efficiency.

2) Replace: select/adapt local technologies based on renewable sources. Perform on-site tests of selected solutions, training dissemination workshops.
3) Redesign: implement demonstrative showcase. Establishment of a communication/ information centre. 4) Capacity-building and extension: training and technical assistance for owners, managers and technicians. 5) Strengthen and build up trust on voluntary standards, certification schemes and eco-labeling: information/communication campaigns for tourists, training for tour operators, cooperation with standard setters/certification bodies and boost replication 6) Foster policy innovations: cooperation with related authorities and development of instruments to monitor resorts performance.

Select

Matching

Evaluate the potential for the island

Appropriate analysis of technology & feasibility of finance

Attend the island potential & management

Design management plan focus on participation

Introduce of the policy & promoted

The opportunities for management & development

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Progress
Tourist Activities

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Koh RACHA

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Koh PALUAY


Koh SAMUI


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Koh JIK Population
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PaLuay Green Island Project

Angthong National Forest

Pangun Island

Paluay Island Samui Island

Surat thani

Objective To develop the role model of green island as the first clean energy island in Thailand and to make the island villagers to utilize energy from all alternative energy resources. This will benefit to community on island for the sustainable and better living and on performing as an ecological resort.
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Paluay Green Island Project
Bay 2 - Solar homes - Biomass & Biogas - Fishing boat using biodiesel

Bay 1 - Fishing boat using biodiesel

Bay 4 - Fishing boat using biodiesel

Bay 3 - Wind Turbine 400 watts - Solar drying system - Electric motorcycle+ PV charging station - Solar water pumping 8

1. Bttom-up approach
Pa Luay Island Community Development Council

Managing director

Managing office

Environmental Council

Energy council

Quality of living Development council

Tourism promotion council

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Low Carbon Model Town
(LCMT)

Samui Green Island
• Area 227 km2 • Population 43,000 • Immigrant 100,000 • Tourist 1,000,000/year • Electricity is supplied from Surat thani by PEA submarine able • Water Supply is supplied by PWA with shortage during dry season • Garbage 100 ton/day
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Background

Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) : SAMUI Island Target Setting

• Y2005 – 2006 : Feasibility study for the sustainable development of Samui Island was completely conducted under the ECASEAN Project, co-funded by the European Commissioning through ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE). • August, 2011 : Samui Island has been nominated by government of Thailand as a candidate for the APEC Low Carbon Model Town Project (LCMT Project) – under the supervision of Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy • October, 2011 : Samui Island has been selected and approved by the APEC Energy Working Group in the 42nd Meeting of the APEC Energy Working Group and Associated Meetings in Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei as the selected Low Carbon Town (LCT) development project to conduct the Feasibility Study (F/S) and Policy Review.

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Koh Jik

Project Electricity generated by renewable energy for the Fishermen villages

• Area • Population

700 rai 512 people

• About 15 km away from mainland • Now, distribute diesel of power generation 98 household

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Koh JIK
Back Ground
• Electricity generated only from diesel-oil

• Community “Self-regulation” -Price : 30-60 bath/kwh - No “Air-con”,”Washing Maching” allowed

Goal

Reduce electricity cost 30-60 bath/kwh become to 15-20 bath/kwh----- (50-70%)
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Koh RAYA
Located 22 km south of Phuket in the Andaman Sea coast of Thailand

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Koh RAYA
Back Ground • 7 hotels supplied by “Selfown” diesel generators • Cost approx 30-40 Bath/kwh • Peak demand on “High Season” approx 1.5 MW • Very limited Area

Goal

• Reduce electricity cost by 50-70% • Introduction of “Hybrid” & “Smart” Technology
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Koh RAYA

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Estimated result

1) 30-70% energy saving and related GHG emission reductions.
2) Manual of guidelines for sustainable operation and practices. 3) Replacement of fossil fuel based technologies . 4) Showcases in place. (4 Green Islands) 5) PPP information based instruments to support green tourism. 6) Increased popularity for eco-friendly resort and number of guests.

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www.dede.go.th

DEDE: Knowledge Base organisation and sustainable development Centre of RE and EE
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