Renewable Energy in Grid Expansion A Malaysian Experience


Presentation Outline
Energy-related Policies RE Development Regulatory Framework

Malaysia Energy Policies

RE Policy Development in Malaysia
8th Malaysia Plan (2001 – 2005)

RE as the 5th Fuel Implied 5% RE in energy mix
* Kick-start of SREP


Malaysia Plan (2006 – 2010)

300 MW in Peninsular Malaysia 50 MW in Sabah

10th Malaysia Plan (2011 – 2015) & beyond

New RE Policy & Action Plan

RE Programs in Malaysia
Others, nonelectricity related (biodiesel, Steam plant, etc)
PTM-UNDP BioGen Project (demonstration projects to provide Experience and data)

RE programs in Malaysia

Hybrid solar PV systems for rural electrification (KKLBW)

Small Renewable Energy Power Programme (SREP) — grid-connected power plants up to 10 MW

Malaysia Building Integrated Photovoltaic (MBIPV) Project – Suria 1000 Program


Malaysia’s Major RE Potential
RE resource
Small hydro Biomass and Biogas (mainly palm oil mill waste) Municipal solid waste Solar PV (BIPV)

Potential (MW)
500 1,300 400 6,500

• Detailed resources potential for wind energy and geothermal are yet to be fully examined and verified.
Source: National Renewable Energy Policy and Action Plan, 2009

Current RE Installations
Category Gridconnected (MW) Off-grid (MW) Total (MW) 44.3 454.0 504.95 13.1 14.6 0.2 0.2 467.3 564.05 Minihydro 44.3 Biomass & biogas 55.95 Solar PV Wind Total




RE Capacity as of December 2011: Connected to power utility grid: 101.75MW

Generation Mix (2010)

Hydro - 5.1% Gas - 52.2%

Coal - 39.5%
Oil - 0.8% Diesel - 1.2% Biomass - 1.0% Others - 0.2%

Total: 125,045 GWh

Source: Suruhanjaya Tenaga


Organisational Structure
Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water
Energy Green Tech.
Green Tech. Sector
MGTC Green Tech Promoter


Electricity Sector

RE (& EE) Sector

Water and Sewage Sector

Energy Commission Regulator

SEDA Implementing Authority

SPAN Regulator

JBA Implementing Department

JPP Implementing Department

Malaysian National RE Policy
Policy Statement: • Enhancing the utilisation of indigenous renewable energy resources to contribute towards national electricity supply security and sustainable socioeconomic development Objectives:
• • • • • To increase RE contribution in the national power generation mix; To facilitate the growth of the RE industry; To ensure reasonable RE generation costs; To conserve the environment for future generation; and To enhance awareness on the role and importance of RE.

National RE Targets
Year Cumulative RE RE Power Mix Capacity (vs Peak Demand) 73 MW 985 MW 2,080 MW 4,000 MW 0.5 % 6% 11% 17% Cumulative CO2 avoided 0.3 mt 11.1 mt 42.2 mt 145.1 mt

2011 2015 2020 2030
• •

Actual RE installed capacity at 31 Dec 2011 was about 65 MW, most of it from biomass plants in Sabah RE capacity achievements are dependent on the size of RE fund

National RE Policy: Strategic Thrusts (Action Plan)

Key Issues Affecting RE in Malaysia
1.Intermittency of Supply & Unreliability of Fuel Resources 2.Financing Renewable Energy (RE) Project 3.Interconnection

Technical Challenges
Commercial Challenges

Critical Factors for Effective FiT Mechanism


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