Geany

A fast, light, GTK+ IDE
Authors: Enrico Tröger Nick Treleaven Frank Lanitz Date: 2010-08-11 Version: 0.19.1 Copyright © 2005-2010 This document is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. A copy of this license can be found in the file COPYING included with the source code of this program, and also in the chapter GNU General Public License. Contents Introduction About Geany Where to get it License About this document Installation Requirements Binary packages Source compilation Autotools based build system Waf based build system Waf Cache Cleaning the Cache Custom installation Dynamic linking loader support and VTE Build problems Installation prefix Usage Getting started The Geany workspace Command line options General Startup Opening files from the command-line in a running instance Virtual terminal emulator widget (VTE) Defining own widget styles using .gtkrc-2.0 Documents Switching between documents Character sets and Unicode Byte-Order-Mark (BOM) Using character sets In-file encoding specification Special encoding "None" Unicode Byte-Order-Mark (BOM) Editing Folding Column mode editing (rectangular selections) Drag and drop of text Indentation Auto-indentation Bookmarks Code navigation history Sending text through custom commands Context actions Autocompletion Word part completion Scope autocompletion User-definable snippets Inserting Unicode characters Search, replace and go to Toolbar entries Search bar Find Matching options Find all Change font in search dialog text fields Find usage Find in files Filtering out version control files

Replace Replace all Go to tag definition Go to tag declaration Go to line Regular expressions Tags Workspace tags Global tags Default global tags files Global tags file format Generating a global tags file Ignore tags Preferences General Startup preferences Startup Shutdown Paths General Miscellaneous preferences Miscellaneous Search Projects Interface preferences Sidebar Fonts Editor tabs Tab positions Miscellaneous Toolbar preferences Toolbar Appearance Editor Features preferences Features Editor Indentation preferences Indentation group Editor Completions preferences Completions Auto-close quotes and brackets Editor Display preferences Display Long line marker Virtual spaces Files preferences New files Saving files Miscellaneous Tools preferences Tool paths Commands Template preferences Template data Keybinding preferences Printing preferences Terminal (VTE) preferences Terminal widget Project Management New Project Project Properties Set Base Path Button Open Project Close Project Build Menu Indicators Default Build Menu Items Compile Build Make Make custom target Make object Next Error Previous Error Execute Stopping running processes Terminal emulators Set Build Commands Build Menu Configuration Build Menu Commands Dialog Substitutions in Commands and Working Directories Build Menu Keyboard Shortcuts

Configuration Files Printing support Plugins Keybindings Switching documents Configurable keybindings File keybindings Editor keybindings Clipboard keybindings Select keybindings Insert keybindings Format keybindings Settings keybindings Search keybindings Go to keybindings View keybindings Focus keybindings Notebook tab keybindings Document keybindings Build keybindings Tools keybindings Help keybindings Configuration files Tools menu items Global configuration file Filetype definition files Custom filetypes System files User files Format [styling] Section Using a named style [keywords] Section [lexer_properties] Section [settings] Section [build_settings] Section Special file filetypes.common [named_styles] Section [styling] Section [settings] Section Filetype extensions Preferences File Format Hidden preferences [build-menu] Section Project File Format [build-menu] Additions Templates Template meta data File templates Custom file templates Filetype templates Customizing templates Template wildcards Special {command:} wildcard Customizing the toolbar Manually editing of the toolbar layout Available toolbar elements Plugin documentation Save Actions Instant Save Backup Copy Contributing to this document Scintilla keyboard commands Keyboard commands Tips and tricks Document notebook Editor Interface GTK-related Compile-time options src/geany.h project.h editor.h keyfile.c build.c GNU General Public License License for Scintilla and SciTE

Introduction
About Geany
Geany is a small and lightweight Integrated Development Environment. It was developed to provide a small and fast IDE, which has only a few dependencies on other packages. Another goal was to be as independent as possible from a particular Desktop Environment like KDE or GNOME - Geany only requires the GTK2 runtime libraries. Some basic features of Geany: Syntax highlighting Code folding Autocompletion of symbols/words Construct completion/snippets Auto-closing of XML and HTML tags Calltips Many supported filetypes including C, Java, PHP, HTML, Python, Perl, Pascal, and others Symbol lists Code navigation Build system to compile and execute your code Simple project management Plugin interface

Where to get it
You can obtain Geany from http://www.geany.org/ or perhaps also from your distribution. For a list of available packages, please see http://www.geany.org/Download/ThirdPartyPackages.

License
Geany is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. A copy of this license can be found in the file COPYING included with the source code of this program and in the chapter, GNU General Public License. The included Scintilla library (found in the subdirectory scintilla/) has its own license, which can be found in the chapter, License for Scintilla and SciTE.

About this document
This documentation is available in HTML and text formats. The latest version can always be found at http://www.geany.org/. If you want to contribute to it, see Contributing to this document.

Installation
Requirements
You will need the GTK (>= 2.8.0) libraries and their dependencies (Pango, GLib and ATK). Your distro should provide packages for these, usually installed by default. For Windows, you can download an installer from the website which bundles these libraries.

Binary packages
There are many binary packages available. For an up-to-date but maybe incomplete list see http://www.geany.org/Download/ThirdPartyPackages.

Source compilation
Compiling Geany is quite easy. To do so, you need the GTK (>= 2.8.0) libraries and header files. You also need the Pango, GLib and ATK libraries and header files. All these files are available at http://www.gtk.org, but very often your distro will provide development packages to save the trouble of building these yourself. Furthermore you need, of course, a C and C++ compiler. The GNU versions of these tools are recommended.

Autotools based build system
The Autotools based build system is very mature and has been well tested. To use it, you just need the Make tool, preferably GNU Make. Then run the following commands: $ ./configure

$ make Then as root: % make install

Waf based build system
The Waf build system is still quite young and under heavy development but already in a usable state. In contrast to the Autotools system, Waf needs Python. So before using Waf, you need to install Python on your system. The advantage of the Waf build system over the Autotools based build system is that the whole build process might be a bit faster. Especially when you use the Waf cache feature for repetitive builds (e.g. when changing only a few source files to test something) will become much faster since Waf will cache and re-use the unchanged built files and only compile the changed code again. See Waf Cache for details. To build Geany with Waf as run: $ ./waf configure $ ./waf build Then as root: % ./waf install Waf Cache The Waf build system has a nice and interesting feature which can help to avoid a lot of unnecessary rebuilding of unchanged code. This often happens when developing new features or trying to debug something in Geany. Waf is able to store and retrieve the object files from a cache. This cache is declared using the environment variable WAFCACHE. A possible location of the cache directory could be ~/.cache/waf. In order to make use of this, you first need to create this directory: $ mkdir -p ~/.cache/waf then add the environment variable to your shell configuration (the following example is for Bash and should be adjusted to your used shell): export WAFCACHE=/home/username/.cache/waf Remember to replace username with your actual username. More information about the Waf cache feature are available at http://code.google.com/p/waf/wiki/CacheObjectFiles.
Cleaning the Cache

You should be careful about the size of the cache directory as it may grow rapidly over time. Waf doesn't do any cleaning or other house-keeping of the cache yet, so you need to keep it clean by yourself. An easy way to keep it clean is to run the following command regularly to remove old cached files: $ find /home/username/.cache/waf -mtime +14 -exec rm {} \; This will delete all files in the cache directory which are older than 14 days. For details about the find command and its options, check its manual page.

Custom installation
The configure script supports several common options, for a detailed list, type: $ ./configure --help or:: $ ./waf --help (depending on which build system you use). You may also want to read the INSTALL file for advanced installation options. See also Compile-time options.

Dynamic linking loader support and VTE
In the case that your system lacks dynamic linking loader support, you probably want to pass the option -disable-vte to the configure script. This prevents compiling Geany with dynamic linking loader support for automatically loading libvte.so.4 if available.

Build problems
If there are any errors during compilation, check your build environment and try to find the error, otherwise contact the mailing list or one the authors. Sometimes you might need to ask for specific help from your distribution.

Installation prefix

If you want to edit any of Geany's system configuration files after installation you will need to know the installation prefix. Usually this is not necessary as you can just use per user configuration files and you will not need root permissions. Use the --print-prefix option to Geany to check - see Command line options. The first path is the prefix. This is commonly /usr if you installed from a binary package, or /usr/local if you build from source.

Usage
Getting started
You can start Geany in the following ways: From the Desktop Environment menu: Choose in your application menu of your used Desktop Environment: Development --> Geany. From the command line: To start Geany from a command line, type the following and press Return: % geany

The Geany workspace
The Geany window is shown in the following figure:

The workspace has the following parts: The menu. An optional toolbar. An optional sidebar that can show the following tabs: Documents - A document list, and Symbols - A list of symbols in your code.

The main editor window. An optional message window which can show the following tabs: Status - A list of status messages. Compiler - The output of compiling or building programs. Messages - Results of 'Find Usage', 'Find Usage' 'Find in Files' and other actions Scribble - A text scratchpad for any use. Terminal - An optional terminal window. A status bar Additional tabs may be added to the sidebar and message window by plugins. The position of the tabs can be selected in the interface preferences. The sizes of the sidebar and message window can be adjusted by dragging the dividers.

Command line options
Short option none none Long option +number --column Function Set initial line number for the first opened file (same as --line, do not put a space between the + sign and the number). E.g. "geany +7 foo.bar" will open the file foo.bar and place the cursor in line 7. Set initial column number for the first opened file.

-c -Use an alternate configuration directory. The default configuration directory is ~/.config/geany/ and that is dir_name config=directory_name where geany.conf and other configuration files reside. none -g -P -i -l none --ft-names --generate-tags --no-preprocessing --new-instance --line --list-documents Print a list of Geany's internal filetype names (useful for snippets configuration). Generate a global tags file (see Generating a global tags file). Don't preprocess C/C++ files when generating tags. Do not open files in a running instance, force opening a new instance. Only available if Geany was compiled with support for Sockets. Set initial line number for the first opened file. Return a list of open documents in a running Geany instance. This can be used to read the currently opened documents in Geany from an external script or tool. The returned list is separated by newlines (LF) and consists of the full, UTF-8 encoded filenames of the documents. Only available if Geany was compiled with support for Sockets. Do not show the message window. Use this option if you do not need compiler messages or VTE support. Do not load symbol completion and call tip data. Use this option if you do not want to use them. Do not load plugins or plugin support. Print installation prefix, the data directory, the lib directory and the locale directory (in this order) to stdout, one line each. This is mainly intended for plugin authors to detect installation paths. Do not load the previous session's files. Do not load terminal support. Use this option if you do not want to load the virtual terminal emulator widget at startup. If you do not have libvte.so.4 installed, then terminal-support is automatically disabled. Only available if Geany was compiled with support for VTE. Use this socket filename for communication with a running Geany instance. This can be used with the following command to execute Geany on the current workspace: geany --socket-file=/tmp/geany-sock-$(xprop -root _NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP | awk '{print $3}') none --vte-lib Specify explicitly the path including filename or only the filename to the VTE library, e.g. /usr/lib/libvte.so or libvte.so. This option is only needed when the auto-detection does not work. Only available if Geany was compiled with support for VTE. Be verbose (print useful status messages). Show version information and exit. Show help information and exit. Open all given files at startup. This option causes Geany to ignore loading stored files from the last session (if enabled). Geany also recognizes line and column information when appended to the filename with colons, e.g. "geany foo.bar:10:5" will open the file foo.bar and place the cursor in line 10 at column 5. Projects can also be opened but a project file (*.geany) must be the first non-option argument. All additionally given files are ignored.

-m -n -p none -s -t

--no-msgwin --no-ctags --no-plugins --print-prefix --no-session --no-terminal

none

--socket-file

-v -V -? none

--verbose --version --help [files ...]

You can also pass line number and column number information, e.g.: geany some_file.foo:55:4 Geany supports all generic GTK options, a list is available on the help screen.

General
Startup

At startup, Geany loads all files from the last time Geany was launched. You can disable this feature in the preferences dialog (see General Startup preferences). If you specify some files on the command line, only these files will be opened, but you can find the files from the last session in the file menu under the "Recent files" item. By default this contains the last 10 recently opened files. You can change the number of recently opened files in the preferences dialog. You can start several instances of Geany, but only the first will load files from the last session. To run a second instance of Geany, do not specify any filenames on the command-line, or disable opening files in a running instance using the appropriate command line option.

Opening files from the command-line in a running instance
Geany detects if there is an an instance of itself already running and opens files from the command-line in that instance. So, Geany can be used to view and edit files by opening them from other programs such as a file manager. You can also pass line number and column number information, e.g.: geany some_file.foo:55:4 This would open the file some_file.foo with the cursor on line 55, column 4. If you do not like this for some reason, you can disable using the first instance by using the appropriate command line option -- see the section called Command line options.

Virtual terminal emulator widget (VTE)
If you have installed libvte.so on your system, it is loaded automatically by Geany, and you will have a terminal widget in the notebook at the bottom. If Geany cannot find any libvte.so at startup, the terminal widget will not be loaded. So there is no need to install the package containing this file in order to run Geany. Additionally, you can disable the use of the terminal widget by command line option, for more information see the section called Command line options. You can use this terminal (from now on called VTE) much as you would a terminal program like xterm. There is basic clipboard support. You can paste the contents of the clipboard by pressing the right mouse button to open the popup menu, and choosing Paste. To copy text from the VTE, just select the desired text and then press the right mouse button and choose Copy from the popup menu. On systems running the X Window System you can paste the last selected text by pressing the middle mouse button in the VTE (on 2-button mice, the middle button can often be simulated by pressing both mouse buttons together). In the preferences dialog you can specify a shell which should be started in the VTE. To make the specified shell a login shell just use the appropriate command line options for the shell. These options should be found in the manual page of the shell. For zsh and bash you can use the argument --login. Note Geany tries to load libvte.so. If this fails, it tries to load some other filenames. If this fails too, you should check whether you installed libvte correctly. Again note, Geany will run without this library. It could be, that the library is called something else than libvte.so (e.g. on FreeBSD 6.0 it is called libvte.so.8). If so please set a link to the correct file (as root): # ln -s /usr/lib/libvte.so.X /usr/lib/libvte.so Obviously, you have to adjust the paths and set X to the number of your libvte.so. You can also specify the filename of the VTE library to use on the command line (see the section called Command line options) or at compile time by specifying the command line option --with-vte-modulepath to ./configure.

Defining own widget styles using .gtkrc-2.0
You can define your widget style for many of Geany's GUI parts. To do this, just edit your .gtkrc-2.0 (usually found in your home directory on UNIX-like systems and in the etc subdirectory of your Geany installation on Windows). To have a defined style used by Geany you must assign it to at least one of Geany's widgets. For example use the following line: widget "Geany*" style "geanyStyle" This would assign your style "geany_style" to all Geany widgets. You can also assign styles only to specific widgets. At the moment you can use the following widgets: GeanyMainWindow GeanyEditMenu GeanyToolbarMenu GeanyDialog GeanyDialogPrefs GeanyDialogProject GeanyDialogSearch

GeanyMenubar GeanyToolbar An example of a simple .gtkrc-2.0: style "geanyStyle" { font_name="Sans 12" } widget "GeanyMainWindow" style "geanyStyle" style "geanyStyle" { font_name="Sans 10" } widget "GeanyPrefsDialog" style "geanyStyle"

Documents
Switching between documents
The documents list and the editor tabs are two different ways to switch between documents using the mouse. When you hit the key combination to move between tabs, the order is determined by the tab order. Its is not alphabetical as shown in the documents list (regardless of whether or not editor tabs are visible). The tabs can be positioned at the top, bottom, left, or right of the main editing window, by a selection in the interface preferences. See the Notebook tab keybindings section for useful shortcuts including for Most-Recently-Used document switching.

Character sets and Unicode Byte-Order-Mark (BOM)
Using character sets
Geany provides support for detecting and converting character sets. So you can open and save files in different character sets, and even convert a file from one character set to another. To do this, Geany uses the character conversion capabilities of the GLib library. Only text files are supported, i.e. opening files which contain NULL-bytes may fail. Geany will try to open the file anyway but it is likely that the file will be truncated because it can only be read up to the first occurrence of a NULL-byte. All characters after this position are lost and are not written when you save the file. Geany tries to detect the encoding of a file while opening it, but auto-detecting the encoding of a file is not easy and sometimes an encoding might not be detected correctly. In this case you have to set the encoding of the file manually in order to display it correctly. You can this in the file open dialog by selecting an encoding in the drop down box or by reloading the file with the file menu item "Reload as". The autodetection works well for most encodings but there are also some encodings where it is known that autodetection has problems. There are different ways to set different encodings in Geany: Using the file open dialog This opens the file with the encoding specified in the encoding drop down box. If the encoding is set to "Detect from file" auto-detection will be used. If the encoding is set to "Without encoding (None)" the file will be opened without any character conversion and Geany will not try to auto-detect the encoding (see below for more information). Using the "Reload as" menu item This item reloads the current file with the specified encoding. It can help if you opened a file and found out that the wrong encoding was used. Using the "Set encoding" menu item Contrary to the above two options, this will not change or reload the current file unless you save it. It is useful when you want to change the encoding of the file. Specifying the encoding in the file itself As mentioned above, auto-detecting the encoding of a file may fail on some encodings. If you know that Geany doesn't open a certain file, you can add the specification line, described in the next section, to the beginning of the file to force Geany to use a specific encoding when opening the file.

In-file encoding specification
Geany detects meta tags of HTML files which contain charset information like: <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-15" />

and the specified charset is used when opening the file. This is useful if the encoding of the file cannot be detected properly. For non-HTML files you can also define a line like: /* geany_encoding=ISO-8859-15 */ or: # geany_encoding=ISO-8859-15 # to force an encoding to be used. The #, /* and */ are examples of filetype-specific comment characters. It doesn't matter which characters are around the string " geany_encoding=ISO-8859-15 " as long as there is at least one whitespace character before and after this string. Whitespace characters are in this case a space or tab character. An example to use this could be you have a file with ISO-8859-15 encoding but Geany constantly detects the file encoding as ISO-8859-1. Then you simply add such a line to the file and Geany will open it correctly the next time. Since Geany 0.15 you can also use lines which match the regular expression used to find the encoding string: coding[\t ]*[:=][\t ]*([a-z0-9-]+)[\t ]* Note These specifications must be in the first 512 bytes of the file. Anything after the first 512 bytes will not be recognized. Some examples are: # encoding = ISO-8859-15 or: # coding: ISO-8859-15

Special encoding "None"
There is a special encoding "None" which uses no encoding. It is useful when you know that Geany cannot auto-detect the encoding of a file and it is not displayed correctly. Especially when the file contains NULLbytes this can be useful to skip auto detection and open the file properly at least until the occurrence of the first NULL-byte. Using this encoding opens the file as it is without any character conversion.

Unicode Byte-Order-Mark (BOM)
Furthermore, Geany detects a Unicode Byte Order Mark (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byte_Order_Mark for details). Of course, this feature is only available if the opened file is in a Unicode encoding. The Byte Order Mark helps to detect the encoding of a file, e.g. whether it is UTF-16LE or UTF-16BE and so on. On Unix-like systems using a Byte Order Mark could cause some problems for programs not expecting it, e.g. the compiler gcc stops with stray errors, PHP does not parse a script containing a BOM and script files starting with a she-bang maybe cannot be started. In the status bar you can easily see whether the file starts with a BOM or not. If you want to set a BOM for a file or if you want to remove it from a file, just use the document menu and toggle the checkbox. Note If you are unsure what a BOM is or if you do not understand where to use it, then it is probably not important for you and you can safely ignore it.

Editing
Folding
Geany provides basic code folding support. Folding means the ability to show and hide parts of the text in the current file. You can hide unimportant code sections and concentrate on the parts you are working on and later you can show hidden sections again. In the editor window there is a small grey margin on the left side with [+] and [-] symbols which show hidden parts and hide parts of the file respectively. By clicking on these icons you can simply show and hide sections which are marked by vertical lines within this margin. For many filetypes nested folding is supported, so there may be several fold points within other fold points. Note You can customize the folding icon and line styles - see the filetypes.common Folding Settings. If you don't like it or don't need it at all, you can simply disable folding support completely in the preferences dialog. The folding behaviour can be changed with the "Fold/Unfold all children of a fold point" option in the preference dialog. If activated, Geany will unfold all nested fold points below the current one if they are already folded (when clicking on a [+] symbol). When clicking on a [-] symbol, Geany will fold all nested fold points below the current one if they are unfolded. This option can be inverted by pressing the Shift key while clicking on a fold symbol. That means, if the "Fold/Unfold all children of a fold point" option is enabled, pressing Shift will disable it for this click and vice versa.

Column mode editing (rectangular selections)
There is basic support for column mode editing. To use it, create a rectangular selection by holding down the Control and Shift keys (or Control and Alt if it doesn't work) while selecting some text. It is also possible to create a zero-column selection. Once a rectangular selection exists you can start editing the text within this selection and the modifications will be done for every line in the selection.

Drag and drop of text
If you drag selected text in the editor widget of Geany the text is moved to the position where the mouse pointer is when releasing the mouse button. Holding Control when releasing the mouse button will copy the text instead. This behaviour was changed in Geany 0.11 - before the selected text was copied to the new position.

Indentation
Geany allows each document to indent either with a tab character or multiple spaces. The default indent mode is set in the Editor Features preferences (see the link for more information). But this can be overridden using either the Document->Indent Type menu, or by using the Detect from file indentation preference. When enabled, this scans each file that is opened and sets the indent mode based on how many lines start with a tab vs. 2 or more spaces. The indent mode for the current document is shown on the status bar as follows: TAB Indent with Tab characters. SP Indent with spaces. T/S Indent with tabs and spaces, depending on how much indentation is on a line.

Auto-indentation
When enabled, auto-indentation happens when pressing Enter in the Editor. It adds a certain amount of indentation to the new line so the user doesn't always have to indent each line manually. Geany has four types of auto-indentation: None Disables auto-indentation completely. Basic Adds the same amount of whitespace on a new line as on the last line. Current chars Does the same as Basic but also indents a new line after an opening brace '{', and de-indents when typing a closing brace '}'. For Python, a new line will be indented after typing ':' at the end of the previous line. Match braces Similar to Current chars but the closing brace will be aligned to match the indentation of the line with the opening brace.

Bookmarks
Geany provides a handy bookmarking feature that lets you mark one or more lines in a document, and return the cursor to them using a key combination. To place a mark on a line, either left-mouse-click in the left margin of the editor window, or else use Ctrl-m. This will produce a small green plus symbol in the margin. You can have as many marks in a document as you like. Click again (or use Ctrl-m again) to remove the bookmark. To remove all the marks in a given document, use "Remove Markers" in the Document menu. To navigate down your document, jumping from one mark to the next, use Ctrl-. (control period). To go in the opposite direction on the page, use Ctrl-, (control comma). Using the bookmarking feature together with the commands to switch from one editor tab to another (Ctrl-PgUp/PgDn and Ctrl-Tab) provides a particularly fast way to navigate around multiple files.

Code navigation history
To ease navigation in source files and especially between different files, Geany lets you jump between different navigation points. Currently, this works for the following: Go to tag declaration Go to tag definition Symbol list items Build errors Message items When using one of these actions, Geany remembers your current position and jumps to the new one. If you decide to go back to your previous position in the file, just use "Navigate back a location". To get back to the new position again, just use "Navigate forward a location". This makes it easier to navigate in e.g. foreign code and between different files.

Sending text through custom commands
You can define several custom commands in Geany and send the current selection to one of these commands using the "Edit->Format->Send Selection to" menu or keybindings. The output of the command will be used to replace the current selection. This makes it possible to use text formatting tools with Geany in a general way. The selected text will be sent to the standard input of the executed command, so the command should be able to read from it and it should print all results to its standard output which will be read by Geany. To help finding errors in executing the command, the output of the program's standard error will be printed on Geany's standard output. To add a custom command, just go to the Set Custom Commands dialog in the Format sub menu of the Edit and Popup menu. Then click on Add to get a new text entry and type the command. You can also specify some command line options. To delete a command, just clear the text entry and press OK. It will be deleted automatically.

Context actions
You can execute the context action command on the current word at the cursor position or the available selection. This word or selection can be used as an argument to the command. The context action is invoked by a menu entry in the popup menu of the editor and also a keyboard shortcut (see the section called Keybindings). The command can be specified in the preferences dialog and also for each filetype (see "context_action_cmd" in the section called Format). When the context action is invoked, the filetype specific command is used if available, otherwise the command specified in the preferences dialog is executed. The current word or selection can be referred with the wildcard "%s" in the command, it will be replaced by the current word or selection before the command is executed. For example a context action can be used to open API documentation in a browser window, the command to open the PHP API documentation would be: firefox "http://www.php.net/%s" when executing the command, the %s is substituted by the word near the cursor position or by the current selection. If the cursor is at the word "echo", a browser window will open(assumed your browser is called firefox) and it will open the address: http://www.php.net/echo.

Autocompletion
Geany can offer a list of possible completions for symbols defined in the tags and for all words in a document. The autocompletion list for symbols is presented when the first few characters of the symbol are typed (configurable, see Editor Completions preferences, default 4) or when the Complete word keybinding is pressed (configurable, see Editor keybindings, default Ctrl-Space). When the defined keybinding is typed and the Autocomplete all words in document preference (in Editor Completions preferences) is selected then the autocompletion list will show all matching words in the document, if there are no matching symbols. If you don't want to use autocompletion it can be dismissed until the next symbol by pressing Escape. The autocompletion list is updated as more characters are typed so that it only shows completions that start with the characters typed so far. If no symbols begin with the sequence, the autocompletion window is closed. The up and down arrows will move the selected item. The highlighted item on the autocompletion list can be chosen from the list by pressing Enter/Return. You can also double-click to select an item. The sequence will be completed to match the chosen item, and if the Drop rest of word on completion preference is set (in Editor Completions preferences) then any characters after the cursor that match a symbol or word are deleted. Word part completion By default, pressing Tab will complete the selected item by word part; useful e.g. for adding the prefix gtk_combo_box_entry_ without typing it manually: gtk_com<TAB> gtk_combo_<TAB> gtk_combo_box_<e><TAB> gtk_combo_box_entry_<s><ENTER> gtk_combo_box_entry_set_text_column The key combination can be changed from Tab - See Editor keybindings. If you clear/change the key combination for word part completion, Tab will complete the whole word instead, like Enter. Scope autocompletion E.g.: struct

{ int i; char c; } foo; When you type foo. it will show an autocompletion list with 'i' and 'c' symbols. It only works for languages that set parent scope names for e.g. struct members. Currently this means Clike languages. The C tag parser only parses global scopes, so this won't work for structs or objects declared in local scope.

User-definable snippets
Snippets are small strings or code constructs which can be replaced or completed to a more complex string. So you can save a lot of time when typing common strings and letting Geany do the work for you. To know what to complete or replace Geany reads a configuration file called snippets.conf at startup. Maybe you need to often type your name, so define a snippet like this: [Default] myname=Enrico Tröger Every time you write myname <TAB> in Geany, it will replace "myname" with "Enrico Tröger". The key to start autocompletion can be changed in the preferences dialog, by default it is TAB. The corresponding keybinding is called Complete snippet. The system-wide configuration file can be found in $prefix/share/geany, where $prefix is the path where Geany is installed (see Installation prefix). It is not recommended to edit the system-wide file, because it will be overridden when Geany is updated. To change the settings, copy the file from $prefix/share/geany in your configuration directory (usually ~/.config/geany/). For example: % cp /usr/local/share/geany/snippets.conf /home/username/.config/geany/ Then you can edit the file and the changes will remain available after an update of Geany because the file resides in your configuration directory. Alternatively, you can create a file ~/.config/geany/snippets.conf and add only these settings you want to change. All missing settings will be read from the global snippets file in $prefix/share/geany. The file snippets.conf contains sections defining snippets that are available for particular filetypes and in general. The two sections "Default" and "Special" apply to all filetypes. "Default" contains all snippets which are available for every filetype and "Special" contains snippets which can only be used in other snippets. So you can define often used parts of snippets and just use the special snippet as a placeholder (see the snippets.conf for details). You can define sections with the name of a filetype eg "C++". The snippets in that section are only available for use in files with that filetype. Snippets in filetype sections will hide snippets with the same name in the "Default" section when used in a file of that filetype. To define snippets you can use several special character sequences which will be replaced when using the snippet: Substitution Sequences for snippets \n or %newline% \t or %ws% \s %cursor% Insert a new line (it will be replaced by the used EOL char(s): LF, CR/LF, or CR). Insert an indentation step, it will be replaced according to the current document's indent mode. \s to force whitespace at beginning or end of a value ('key= value' won't work, use 'key=\svalue') Place the cursor at this position after completion has been done. You can define multiple %cursor% wildcards and use the keybinding Move cursor in snippet to jump to the next defined cursor position in the completed snippet. "..." means the name of a key in the "Special" section. If you have defined a key "brace_open" in the "Special" section you can use %brace_open% in any other snippet.

%...%

Snippet names must not contain spaces otherwise they won't work correctly. But beside that you can define almost any string as a snippet and use it later in Geany. It is not limited to existing contructs of certain programming languages(like if, for, switch). Define whatever you need. Since Geany 0.15 you can also use most of the available templates wildcards listed in Template wildcards. All wildcards which are listed as available in snippets can be used. For instance to improve the above example: [Default] myname=My name is {developer}

mysystem=My system: {command:uname -a} this will replace myname with "My name is " and the value of the template preference developer. You can change the way Geany recognizes the word to complete, that is how the start and end of a word is recognised when the snippet completion is requested. The section "Special" may contain a key "wordchars" which lists all characters a string may contain to be recognized as a word for completion. Leave it commented to use default characters or define it to add or remove characters to fit your needs.

Inserting Unicode characters
With GTK 2.10 and above, you can insert Unicode code points by hitting Ctrl-Shift-u, then still holding CtrlShift, type some hex digits representing the code point for the character you want and hit Enter or Return (still holding Ctrl-Shift). If you release Ctrl-Shift before hitting Enter or Return (or any other character), the code insertion is completed, but the typed character is also entered. In the case of Enter/Return, it is a newline, as you might expect. In some earlier versions of Geany, you might need to first unbind Ctrl-Shift-u in the keybinding preferences, then select Tools->Reload Configuration or restart Geany. Note that it works slightly differently from other GTK applications, in that you'll need to continue to hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys while typing the code point hex digits (and the Enter or Return to finish the code point). For GTK < 2.10, it is also possible, but typing the first Ctrl-Shift-u is not necessary. One problem is that you may find the alphabetic keys conflict with other Geany keybindings.

Search, replace and go to
This section describes search-related commands from the Search menu and the editor window's popup menu: Find Find usage * Find in files Replace Go to tag definition * Go to tag declaration * Go to line * These items are available from the editor window's popup menu, or by using a keyboard shortcut (see Search keybindings).

Toolbar entries
There are also two toolbar entries: Search bar Go to line entry There are keybindings to focus each of these - see Focus keybindings. Pressing Escape will then focus the editor. Search bar The quickest way to find some text is to use the search bar entry in the toolbar. This performs a caseinsensitive search in the current document whilst you type. Pressing Enter will search again.

Find
The Find dialog is used for finding text in one or more open documents.

Matching options The syntax for the Use regular expressions option is shown in Regular expressions. Note Use escape sequences is implied for regular expressions.

The Use escape sequences option will transform any escaped characters into their UTF-8 equivalent. For example, \t will be transformed into a tab character. Other recognized symbols are: \\, \n, \r, \uXXXX (Unicode characters). Find all To find all matches, click on the Find All expander. This will reveal several options: In Document In Session Mark Find All In Document will show a list of matching lines in the current document in the Messages tab of the Message Window. Find All In Session does the same for all open documents. Mark will highlight all matches in the current document with a colored box. These markers can be removed by selecting the Remove Markers command from the Document menu. Change font in search dialog text fields All search related dialogs use a Monospace for the text input fields to increase the readability of input text. This is useful when you are typing input such as regular expressions with spaces, periods and commas which might it hard to read with a proportional font. If you want to change the font, you can do this easily by inserting the following style into your .gtkrc-2.0 (usually found in your home directory on UNIX-like systems and in the etc subdirectory of your Geany installation on Windows): style "search_style" { font_name="Monospace 8" } widget "GeanyDialogSearch.*.GtkEntry" style:highest "search_style" Please note the addition of ":highest" in the last line which sets the priority of this style to the highest available. Otherwise, the style is ignored for the search dialogs.

Find usage
Find usage searches all open files. It is similar to the Find All In Session option in the Find dialog. If there is a selection, then it is used as the search text; otherwise the current word is used. The current word is either taken from the word nearest the edit cursor, or the word underneath the popup menu click position when the popup menu is used. The search results are shown in the Messages tab of the Message Window.

Find in files
Find in files is a more powerful version of Find usage that searches all files in a certain directory using the Grep tool. The Grep tool must be correctly set in Preferences to the path of the system's Grep utility. GNU Grep is recommended.

The Encoding combo box can be used to define the encoding of the files to be searched. The entered search text is converted to the chosen encoding and the search results are converted back to UTF-8. The Extra options field is used to pass any additional arguments to the grep tool. Filtering out version control files When using the Recurse in subfolders option with a directory that's under version control, you can set the Extra options field to filter out version control files. If you have GNU Grep >= 2.5.2 you can use the --exclude-dir argument to filter out CVS and hidden directories like .svn.

Example: --exclude-dir=.svn --exclude-dir=CVS If you have an older Grep, you can try using the --exclude flag to filter out filenames. SVN Example: --exclude=*.svn-base The --exclude argument only matches the file name part, not the path.

Replace
The Replace dialog is used for replacing text in one or more open documents.

The Replace dialog has the same options for matching text as the Find dialog. See the section Matching options. The Use regular expressions option allows regular expressions to be used in the search string and back references in the replacement text -- see the entry for '\n' in Regular expressions. Replace all To replace several matches, click on the Replace All expander. This will reveal several options: In Document In Session In Selection Replace All In Document will replace all matching text in the current document. Replace All In Session does the same for all open documents. Replace All In Selection will replace all matching text in the current selection of the current document.

Go to tag definition
If the current word is the name of a tag definition (like a function body) and the file containing the tag definition is open, this command will switch to that file and go to the corresponding line number. The current word is either the word nearest the edit cursor, or the word underneath the popup menu click position when the popup menu is used.

Go to tag declaration
Like Go to tag definition, but for a forward declaration such as a function prototype or extern declaration instead of a function body.

Go to line
Go to a particular line number in the current file.

Regular expressions
You can use regular expressions in the Find and Replace dialogs by selecting the Use regular expressions check box (see Matching options). The syntax is POSIX compatible, as described in the table below. Note 1. The Use escape sequences dialog option always applies for regular expressions. 2. Searching backwards with regular expressions is not supported. 3. \b, \d, \s, \w are GNU extensions and may not be available on non-GNU POSIX systems unless you built Geany with the --enable-gnu-regex option (this is always used on Windows). In a regular expression, the following characters are interpreted: . ( ) \n Matches any character. This marks the start of a region for tagging a match. This marks the end of a tagged region. Where n is 1 through 9 refers to the first through ninth tagged region when searching or replacing.

Searching for (Wiki)\1 matches WikiWiki. If the search string was Fred([1-9])XXX and the replace string was Sam\1YYY, when applied to Fred2XXX this would generate Sam2YYY. \0 \b \c When replacing, the whole matching text. This matches a word boundary. A backslash followed by d, D, s, S, w or W, becomes a character class (both inside and outside sets []). d: decimal digits D: any char except decimal digits s: whitespace (space, \t \n \r \f \v) S: any char except whitespace (see above) w: alphanumeric & underscore W: any char except alphanumeric & underscore \x This allows you to use a character x that would otherwise have a special meaning. For example, \[ would be interpreted as [ and not as the start of a character set. Use \\ for a literal backslash. Matches one of the characters in the set. If the first character in the set is ^, it matches the characters NOT in the set, i.e. complements the set. A shorthand S-E (start dash end) is used to specify a set of characters S up to E, inclusive. The special characters ] and - have no special meaning if they appear first in the set. - can also be last in the set. To include both, put ] first: []A-Z-]. Examples: []|-] []-|] [a-z] [^]-] [^A-Z] [a-zA-Z] ^ $ * + ? Note This table is adapted from Scintilla and SciTE documentation, distributed under the License for Scintilla and SciTE. matches these 3 chars matches from ] to | chars any lowercase alpha any char except - and ] any char except uppercase alpha any alpha

[...]

This matches the start of a line (unless used inside a set, see above). This matches the end of a line. This matches 0 or more times. For example, Sa*m matches Sm, Sam, Saam, Saaam and so on. This matches 1 or more times. For example, Sa+m matches Sam, Saam, Saaam and so on. This matches 0 or 1 time(s). For example, Joh?n matches John, Jon.

Tags
Tags are information that relates symbols in a program with the source file location of the declaration and definition. Geany has built-in functionality for generating tag information (aka "workspace tags") for supported filetypes when you open a file. You can also have Geany automatically load external tag files (aka "global tags files") upon startup, or manually using Tools --> Load Tags. Geany uses its own tag file format, similar to what ctags uses (but is incompatible with ctags). You use Geany to generate global tags files, as described below.

Workspace tags
Tags for each document are parsed whenever a file is loaded or saved. These are shown in the Symbol list in the Sidebar. These tags are also used for autocompletion of symbols and calltips for all documents open in the current session that have the same filetype. The Go to Tag commands can be used with all workspace tags. See Go to tag definition.

Global tags
Global tags are used to provide autocompletion of symbols and calltips without having to open the corresponding source files. This is intended for library APIs, as the tags file only has to be updated when you upgrade the library. You can load a custom global tags file in two ways:

Using the Load Tags command in the Tools menu. By creating a directory ~/.config/geany/tags, and moving or symlinking the tags files there before starting Geany. By creating a directory $prefix/share/geany/tags, and moving or symlinking the tags files there before starting Geany. $prefix is the installation prefix (see Installation prefix). You can either download these files or generate your own. They have the format: name.lang_ext.tags lang_ext is one of the extensions set for the filetype associated with the tags. See the section called Filetype extensions for more information. Default global tags files For some languages, a list of global tags is loaded when the corresponding filetype is first used. Currently these are for: C -- GTK+ and GLib Pascal PHP HTML -- &symbol; completion, e.g. for ampersand, copyright, etc. LaTeX Python Global tags file format Global tags files can have two different formats: Tagmanager format Pipe-separated format The first line of global tags files should be a comment, introduced by # followed by a space and a string like format=pipe or format=tagmanager respectively, these are case-sensitive. This helps Geany to read the file properly. If this line is missing, Geany tries to auto-detect the used format but this might fail. The Tagmanager format is a bit more complex and is used for files created by the geany -g command. There is one tag per line. Different tag attributes like the return value or the argument list are separated with different characters indicating the type of the following argument. The Pipe-separated format is easier to read and write. There is one tag per line and different tag attributes are separated by the pipe character (|). A line looks like: basename|string|(string path [, string suffix])| The The The The first field is the tag name (usually a function name). second field is the type of the return value. third field is the argument list for this tag. fourth field is the description for this tag but currently unused and should be left empty.

Except for the first field (tag name), all other field can be left empty but the pipe separator must appear for them. You can easily write your own global tag files using this format. Just save them in your tags directory, as described earlier in the section Global tags. Generating a global tags file You can generate your own global tags files by parsing a list of source files. The command is: geany -g [-P] <Tag File> <File list> Tag File filename should be in the format described earlier -- see the section called Global tags. File list is a list of filenames, each with a full path (unless you are generating C/C++ tags and have set the CFLAGS environment variable appropriately). -P or --no-preprocessing disables using the C pre-processor to process #include directives for C/C++ source files. Use this option if you want to specify each source file on the command-line instead of using a 'master' header file. Also can be useful if you don't want to specify the CFLAGS environment variable. Example for the wxD library for the D programming language: geany -g wxd.d.tags /home/username/wxd/wx/*.d Generating C/C++ tag files: For C/C++ tag files, gcc and grep are required, so that header files can be preprocessed to include any other headers they depend upon. For C/C++ files, the environment variable CFLAGS should be set with appropriate -I/path include paths. The following example works with the bash shell, generating tags for the GnomeUI library: CFLAGS=`pkg-config --cflags libgnomeui-2.0` geany -g gnomeui.c.tags \

/usr/include/libgnomeui-2.0/gnome.h You can adapt this command to use CFLAGS and header files appropriate for whichever libraries you want. Replacing the default C/C++ tags file: Geany currently uses a default global tags file c99.tags for C and C++, commonly installed in /usr/share/geany. This file can be replaced with one containing tags parsed from a different set of header files. When Geany is next started, your custom tags file will be loaded instead of the default c99.tags. You should keep a copy of the generated tags file because it will get overwritten when upgrading Geany.

Ignore tags
You can also ignore certain tags if they would lead to wrong parsing of the code. Simply create a file called "ignore.tags" in your Geany configuration directory (usually ~/.config/geany/). Then list all tags you want to ignore in this file, separated by spaces and/or newlines. More detailed information about the usage from the Exuberant Ctags manual page: Specifies a list of identifiers which are to be specially handled while parsing C and C++ source files. This option is specifically provided to handle special cases arising through the use of pre-processor macros. When the identifiers listed are simple identifiers, these identifiers will be ignored during parsing of the source files. If an identifier is suffixed with a '+' character, ctags will also ignore any parenthesis-enclosed argument list which may immediately follow the identifier in the source files. If two identifiers are separated with the '=' character, the first identifiers is replaced by the second identifiers for parsing purposes. For even more detailed information please read the manual page of Exuberant Ctags.

Preferences
You may adjust Geany's settings using the Edit --> Preferences dialog. Any changes you make there can be applied by hitting either the Apply or the OK button. These settings will persist between Geany sessions. Note that most settings here have descriptive popup bubble help -- just hover the mouse over the item in question to get help on it. You may also adjust some View settings (under the View menu) that persist between Geany sessions. The settings under the Document menu, however, are only for the current document and revert to defaults when restarting Geany. There are also some rarer Hidden preferences. Note In the paragraphs that follow, the text describing a dialog tab comes after the screenshot of that tab.

General Startup preferences

Startup Load files from the last session On startup, load the same files you had open the last time you used Geany. Load virtual terminal support Load the library for running a terminal in the message window area. Enable plugin support Allow plugins to be used in Geany. Shutdown Save window position and geometry Save the current position and size of the main window so next time you open Geany it's in the same location. Confirm Exit Have a dialog pop up to confirm that you really want to quit Geany. Paths Startup path Path to start in when opening or saving files. It must be an absolute path. Leave it blank to use the current working directory. Project files Path to start in when opening project files. Extra plugin path By default Geany looks in the global installation path and in the configuration directory. In addition the path entered here will be searched for plugins. Usually you do not need to set an additional path to search for plugins. It might be useful when Geany is installed on a multi-user machine and additional plugins are available in a common location for all users. Leave blank to not set an additional lookup path.

General Miscellaneous preferences

Miscellaneous Beep on errors when compilation has finished Have the computer make a beeping sound when compilation of your program has completed or any errors occurred. Switch status message list at new message Switch to the status message tab (in the notebook window at the bottom) once a new status message arrives. Suppress status messages in the status bar Remove all messages from the status bar. The messages are still displayed in the status messages window. Tip Another option is to use the Switch to Editor keybinding - it reshows the document statistics on the status bar. See Focus keybindings. Use Windows File Open/Save dialogs Defines whether to use the native Windows File Open/Save dialogs or whether to use the GTK default dialogs. Auto-focus widgets (focus follows mouse) Give the focus automatically to widgets below the mouse cursor. This works for the main editor widget, the scribble, the toolbar search field goto line fields and the VTE. Search Always wrap search and hide the Find dialog Always wrap search around the document and hide the Find dialog after clicking Find Next/Previous. Use the current word under the cursor for Find dialogs Use current word under the cursor when opening the Find, Find in Files or Replace dialog and there is no selection. When this option is disabled, the search term last used in the appropriate Find dialog is used. Use the current file's directory for Find in Files When opening the Find in Files dialog, set the directory to search to the directory of the current active file. When this option is disabled, the directory of the last use of the Find in Files dialog is used. Projects Use project-based session files Save your current session when closing projects. You will be able to resume different project sessions, automatically opening the files you had open previously. Store project file inside the project base directory When creating new projects, the default path for the project file contains the project base path. Without this option enabled, the default project file path is one level above the project base path. In either case, you can easily set the final project file path in the New Project dialog. This option provides the more common defaults automatically for convenience.

Interface preferences

Sidebar Show sidebar Whether to show the sidebar at all. Show symbol list Show the list of functions, variables, and other information in the current document you are editing. Show documents list Show all the documents you have open currently. This can be used to change between documents (see Switching between documents) and to perform some common operations such as saving, closing and reloading. Position Whether to place the sidebar on the left or right of the editor window. Fonts Editor Change the font used to display documents. Symbol list Change the font used for the Symbols sidebar tab. Message window Change the font used for the message window area. Editor tabs Show editor tabs Show a notebook tab for all documents so you can switch between them using the mouse (instead of using the Documents window). Show close buttons Make each tab show a close button so you can easily close open documents. Placement of new file tabs Whether to create a document with its notebook tab to the left or right of all existing tabs. Next to current Whether to place file tabs next to the current tab rather than at the edges of the notebook. Double-clicking hides all additional widgets Whether to call the View->Toggle All Additional Widgets command when double-clicking on a notebook tab. Tab positions Editor Set the positioning of the editor's notebook tabs to the right, left, top, or bottom of the editing window. Sidebar

Set the positioning of the sidebar's notebook tabs to the right, left, top, or bottom of the sidebar window. Message window Set the positioning of the message window's notebook tabs to the right, left, top, or bottom of the message window. Miscellaneous Show status bar Show the status bar at the bottom of the main window. It gives information about the file you are editing like the line and column you are on, whether any modifications were done, the file encoding, the filetype and other information.

Toolbar preferences
Affects the main toolbar underneath the menu bar.

Toolbar Show Toolbar Whether to show the toolbar. Append Toolbar to the Menu Allows to append the toolbar to the main menu bar instead of placing it below. This is useful to save vertical space. Customize Toolbar See Customizing the toolbar. Appearance Icon Style Select the toolbar icon style to use - either icons and text, just icons or just text. The choice System default uses whatever icon style is set by GTK. Icon size Select the size of the icons you see (large, small or very small). The choice System default uses whatever icon size is set by GTK.

Editor Features preferences

Features Line wrapping Show long lines wrapped around to new display lines. Enable "smart" home key Whether to move the cursor to the first non-whitespace character on the line when you hit the home key on your keyboard. Pressing it again will go to the very start of the line. Disable Drag and Drop Do not allow the dragging and dropping of selected text in documents. Enable folding Allow groups of lines in a document to be collapsed for easier navigation/editing. Fold/Unfold all children of a fold point Whether to fold/unfold all child fold points when a parent line is folded. Use indicators to show compile errors Underline lines with compile errors using red squiggles to indicate them in the editor area. Newline strip trailing spaces Remove any white space at the end of the line when you hit the Enter/Return key. Line breaking column The editor column number to insert a newline at when Line Breaking is enabled for the current document. Comment toggle marker A string which is added when toggling a line comment in a source file. It is used to mark the comment as toggled.

Editor Indentation preferences

Indentation group See Indentation for more information. Type When Geany inserts indentation, whether to use: Just Tabs Just Spaces Tabs and Spaces, depending on how much indentation is on a line The Tabs and Spaces indent type is also known as Soft tab support in some other editors. Width The width of a single indent size in spaces. By default the indent size is equivalent to 4 spaces. Detect from file Try to detect and set the indent type based on file content, when a file is opened. Auto-indent mode The type of auto-indentation you wish to use after pressing Enter, if any. Basic Just add the indentation of the previous line. Current chars Add indentation based on the current filetype and any characters at the end of the line such as {, } for C, : for Python. Match braces Like Current chars but for C-like languages, make a closing } brace line up with the matching opening brace. Tab key indents If set, pressing tab will indent the current line or selection, and unindent when pressing Shift-tab. Otherwise, the tab key will insert a tab character into the document (which can be different from indentation, depending on the indent type). Note There are also separate configurable keybindings for indent & unindent, but this preference allows the tab key to have different meanings in different contexts - e.g. for snippet completion.

Editor Completions preferences

Completions Snippet Completion Whether to replace special keywords after typing Tab into a pre-defined text snippet. See Userdefinable snippets. XML tag autocompletion When you open an XML tag automatically generate its completion tag. Automatic continuation multi-line comments Continue automatically multi-line comments in languages like C, C++ and Java when a new line is entered inside such a comment. With this option enabled, Geany will insert a * on every new line inside a multi-line comment, for example when you press return in the following C code: /* * This is a C multi-line comment, press <Return> then Geany would insert: * on the next line with the correct indentation based on the previous line, as long as the multi-line is not closed by */. Autocomplete symbols When you start to type a symbol name, look for the full string to allow it to be completed for you. Autocomplete all words in document When you start to type a word, Geany will search the whole document for words starting with the typed part to complete it, assuming there are no tag names to show. Drop rest of word on completion Remove any word part to the right of the cursor when choosing a completion list item. Characters to type for autocompletion Number of characters of a word to type before autocompletion is displayed. Completion list height The number of rows to display for the autocompletion window. Max. symbol name suggestions The maximum number of items in the autocompletion list. Auto-close quotes and brackets Geany can automatically insert a closing bracket and quote characters when you open them. For instance, you type a ( and Geany will automatically insert ). With the following options, you can define for which characters this should work. Parenthesis ( ) Auto-close parenthesis when typing an opening one Curly brackets { } Auto-close curly brackets (braces) when typing an opening one

Square brackets [ ] Auto-close square brackets when typing an opening one Single quotes ' ' Auto-close single quotes when typing an opening one Double quotes " " Auto-close double quotes when typing an opening one

Editor Display preferences
This is for visual elements displayed in the editor window.

Display Invert syntax highlighting colors Invert all colors, by default this makes white text on a black background. Show indendation guides Show vertical lines to help show how much leading indentation there is on each line. Show whitespaces Mark all tabs with an arrow "-->" symbol and spaces with dots to show which kinds of whitespace are used. Show line endings Display a symbol everywhere that a carriage return or line feed is present. Show line numbers Show or hide the Line Number margin. Show markers margin Show or hide the small margin right of the line numbers, which is used to mark lines. Stop scrolling at last line When enabled Geany stops scrolling when at the last line of the document. Otherwise you can scroll one more page even if there are no real lines. Long line marker The long line marker helps to indicate overly-long lines, or as a hint to the user for when to break the line. Type Line Show a thin vertical line in the editor window at the given column position. Background Change the background color of characters after the given column position to the color set below. (This is recommended over the Line setting if you use proportional fonts). Disabled Don't mark long lines at all. Long line marker Set this value to a value greater than zero to specify the column where it should appear. Long line marker color

Set the color of the long line marker. Virtual spaces Virtual space is space beyond the end of each line. The cursor may be moved into virtual space but no real space will be added to the document until there is some text typed or some other text insertion command is used. Disabled Do not show virtual spaces Only for rectangular selections Only show virtual spaces beyond the end of lines when drawing a rectangular selection Always Always show virtual spaces beyond the end of lines

Files preferences

New files Open new documents from the command-line Whether to create new documents when passing filenames that don't exist from the command-line. Default encoding (new files) The type of file encoding you wish to use when creating files. Used fixed encoding when opening files Assume all files you are opening are using the type of encoding specified below. Default encoding (existing files) Opens all files with the specified encoding instead of auto-detecting it. Use this option when it's not possible for Geany to detect the exact encoding. Default end of line characters The end of line characters to which should be used for new files. On Windows systems, you generally want to use CR/LF which are the common characters to mark line breaks. On Unix-like systems, LF is default and CR is used on MAC systems. Saving files Perform formatting operations when a document is saved. These can each be undone with the Undo command. Ensure newline at file end Add a newline at the end of the document if one is missing. Strip trailing spaces Remove the trailing spaces on each line of the document. Replace tabs by space Replace all tabs in the document with the equivalent number of spaces. Note

It is better to use spaces to indent than use this preference - see Indentation. Miscellaneous Recent files list length The number of files to remember in the recently used files list. Disk check timeout The number of seconds to periodically check the current document's file on disk in case it has changed. Setting it to 0 will disable this feature. Note These checks are only performed on local files. Remote files are not checked for changes due to performance issues (remote files are files in ~/.gvfs/).

Tools preferences

Tool paths Terminal The location of your terminal executable. Browser The location of your web browser executable. Grep The location of the grep executable. Note For Windows users: at the time of writing it is recommended to use the grep.exe from the UnxUtils project (http://sourceforge.net/projects/unxutils). The grep.exe from the Mingw project for instance might not work with Geany at the moment. Commands Context action Set this to a command to execute on the current word. You can use the "%s" wildcard to pass the current word below the cursor to the specified command.

Template preferences
This data is used as meta data for various template text to insert into a document, such as the file header. You only need to set fields that you want to use in your template files. Note For changes made here to take effect, you must either select Tools->Reload Configuration or restart

Geany.

Template data Developer The name of the developer who will be creating files. Initials The initials of the developer. Mail address The email address of the developer. Note You may wish to add anti-spam markup, e.g. name<at>site<dot>ext. Company The company the developer is working for. Initial version The initial version of files you will be creating. Year Specify a format for the the {year} wildcard. You can use any conversion specifiers which can be used with the ANSI C strftime function. For details please see http://man.cx/strftime. Date Specify a format for the the {date} wildcard. You can use any conversion specifiers which can be used with the ANSI C strftime function. For details please see http://man.cx/strftime. Date & Time Specify a format for the the {datetime} wildcard. You can use any conversion specifiers which can be used with the ANSI C strftime function. For details please see http://man.cx/strftime.

Keybinding preferences

There are some commands listed in the keybinding dialog that are not, by default, bound to a key combination, and may not be available as a menu item. Note For more information see the section Keybindings.

Printing preferences

Use external command for printing Use a system command to print your file out. Use native GTK printing Let the GTK GUI toolkit handle your print request. Print line numbers

Print the line numbers on the left of your paper. Print page number Print the page number on the bottom right of your paper. Print page header Print a header on every page that is sent to the printer. Use base name of the printed file Don't use the entire path for the header, only the filename. Date format How the date should be printed. You can use the same format specifiers as in the ANSI C function strftime(). For details please see http://man.cx/strftime.

Terminal (VTE) preferences
See also: Virtual terminal emulator widget (VTE).

Terminal widget Terminal font Select the font that will be used in the terminal emulation control. Foreground color Select the font color. Background color Select the background color of the terminal. Scrollback lines The number of lines buffered so that you can scroll though the history. Shell The location of the shell on your system. Scroll on keystroke Scroll the terminal to the prompt line when pressing a key. Scroll on output Scroll the output down. Cursor blinks Let the terminal cursor blink. Override Geany keybindings Allow the VTE to receive keyboard shortcuts (apart from focus commands). Disable menu shortcut key (F10 by default) Disable the menu shortcut when you are in the virtual terminal. Follow path of the current file Make the path of the terminal change according to the path of the current file. Execute programs in VTE Execute programs in the virtual terminal instead of using the external terminal tool. Note that if you run multiple execute commands at once the output may become mixed together in the VTE. Don't use run script Don't use the simple run script which is usually used to display the exit status of the executed program. This can be useful if you already have a program running in the VTE like a Python console (e.g. ipython). Use this with care.

Project Management
Project Management is optional in Geany. Currently it can be used for: Storing and opening session files on a project basis. Configuring the Build menu on a project basis. A list of session files can be stored and opened with the project when the Use project-based session files preference is enabled, in the Project group of the Preferences dialog. As long as a project is open, the Build menu will use the items defined in project's settings, instead of the defaults. See Build Menu Configuration for information on configuring the menu. The current project's settings are saved when it is closed, or when Geany is shutdown. When restarting Geany, the previously opened project file that was in use at the end of the last session will be reopened. The project menu items are detailed below.

New Project
To create a new project, fill in the Name field. By default this will setup a new project file ~/projects/name.geany. Usually it's best to store all your project files in the same directory (they are independent of any source directory trees). The Base path text field is setup to use ~/projects/name. This can safely be set to any existing path -- it will not touch the file structure contained in it.

Project Properties
You can set an optional description for the project, but it is not used elsewhere by Geany. The Base path field is used as the directory to run the Build menu commands. The specified path can be an absolute path or it is considered to be relative to the project's file name. Set Base Path Button This button is a convenience to set the working directory fields in the non-filetype Build menu items to %p to use the project base path. Note Pressing the 'set' button will override any working directories you have configured for the project.

Open Project
The Open command displays a standard file chooser, starting in ~/projects. Choose a project file named with the .geany extension. When project session support is enabled, Geany will close the currently open files and open the session files associated with the project.

Close Project
Project file settings are saved when the project is closed. When project session support is enabled, Geany will close the project session files and open any previously closed default session files.

Build Menu
After editing code with Geany, the next step is to compile, link, build, interpret, run etc. As Geany supports many languages each with a different approach to such operations, and as there are also many language independent software building systems, Geany does not have a built-in build system, nor does it limit which system you can use. Instead the build menu provides a configurable and flexible means of running any external commands to execute your preferred build system. This section provides a description of the default configuration of the build menu and then covers how to configure it, and where the defaults fit in. Running the commands from within Geany has two benefits: The current file is automatically saved before the command is run. The output is captured in the Compiler notebook tab and parsed for warnings or errors. Warnings and errors that can be parsed for line numbers will be shown in red in the Compiler tab and you can click on them to switch to the relevant source file (or open it) and mark the line number. Also lines with warnings or errors are marked in the source, see Indicators below. Tip If Geany's default error message parsing does not parse errors for the tool you're using, you can set a custom regex in the Build Commands Dialog, see Build Menu Configuration.

Indicators
Indicators are red squiggly underlines which are used to highlight errors which occurred while compiling the current file. So you can easily see where your code failed to compile. You can remove them by selecting Remove Error Indicators in the Document menu. If you do not like this feature, you can disable it - see Editor Features preferences.

Default Build Menu Items
Depending on the current file's filetype, the default Build menu will contain the following items: Compile Build Make All Make Custom Target Make Object Next Error Previous Error Execute Set Build Menu Commands Compile The Compile command has different uses for different kinds of files. For compilable languages such as C and C++, the Compile command is set up to compile the current source file into a binary object file. Java source files will be compiled to class file bytecode. Interpreted languages such as Perl, Python, Ruby will compile to bytecode if the language supports it, or will run a syntax check, or if that is not available will run the file in its language interpreter. Build For compilable languages such as C and C++, the Build command will link the current source file's equivalent object file into an executable. If the object file does not exist, the source will be compiled and linked in one step, producing just the executable binary. Interpreted languages do not use the Build command. Note If you need complex settings for your build system, or several different settings, then writing a Makefile and using the Make commands is recommended; this will also make it easier for users to build your software. Make This runs "make" in the same directory as the current file. Make custom target This is similar to running 'Make' but you will be prompted for the make target name to be passed to the Make tool. For example, typing 'clean' in the dialog prompt will run "make clean". Make object Make object will run "make current_file.o" in the same directory as the current file, using the filename for 'current_file'. It is useful for building just the current file without building the whole project. Next Error The next error item will move to the next detected error in the file. Previous Error The previous error item will move to the previous detected error in the file. Execute Execute will run the corresponding executable file, shell script or interpreted script in a terminal window. Note that the Terminal tool path must be correctly set in the Tools tab of the Preferences dialog - you can use any terminal program that runs a Bourne compatible shell and accept the "-e" command line argument to start a command or can be selected to use the built-in VTE if it is available - see Virtual terminal emulator widget (VTE). After your program or script has finished executing, you will be prompted to press the return key. This allows you to review any text output from the program before the terminal window is closed. Note

The execute command output is not parsed for errors. Stopping running processes When there is a running program, the Execute menu item in the menu and the Run button in the toolbar each become a stop button so you can stop the current running program (and any child processes). This works by sending the SIGQUIT signal to the process. Depending on the process you started it is possible that the process cannot be stopped. For example this can happen when the process creates more than one child process.
Terminal emulators

Xterm is known to work properly. If you are using "Terminal" (the terminal program of Xfce), you should add the command line option --disable-server otherwise the started process cannot be stopped. Just add this option in the preferences dialog on the Tools tab in the terminal field. Set Build Commands By default the Compile and Build commands invoke the GCC compiler and linker with only the basic arguments needed by all programs. Using Set Build Commands you can add any include paths and compile flags for the compiler, any library names and paths for the linker, and any arguments you want to use when running Execute.

Build Menu Configuration
The build menu has considerable flexibility and configurability, allowing both menu labels the commands they execute and the directory they execute in to be configured. For example, if you change one of the default make commands to run say 'waf' you can also change the label to match. These settings are saved automatically when Geany is shut down. The build menu is divided into four groups of items each with different behaviors: File items - are configurable and depend on the filetype of the current document; they capture output in the compiler tab and parse it for errors. Non-file items - are configurable and mostly don't depend on the filetype of the current document; they also capture output in the compiler tab and parse it for errors. Execute items - are configurable and intended for executing your program or other long running programs. The output is not parsed for errors and is directed to the terminal selected in preferences. Fixed items - these perform built-in actions: Go to the next error. Go to the previous error. Show the build menu commands dialog. The maximum numbers of items in each of the configurable groups can be configured when Geany starts using hidden settings (see Preferences File Format). Even though the maximum number of items may have been increased, only those menu items that have values configured are shown in the menu. The groups of menu items obtain their configuration from four potential sources. The highest priority source that has the menu item defined will be used. The sources in decreasing priority are: A project file if open The user preferences The system filetype definitions The defaults The detailed relationships between sources and the configurable menu item groups is shown in the following table. System Filetype None

Group Filetype

Project File Loads From: project file Saves To: project file

Preferences

Defaults

Loads From: Loads From: filetype.xxx in filetype.xxx file in ~/.config/geany/filedefs Geany install Saves to: as above, creating if needed. Saves to: as user preferences left.

Non-Filetype

Loads From: project file Saves To: project file

Loads From: geany.conf file in ~/.config/geany Saves to: as above,

Loads From: filetype.xxx in Geany install Saves to: as

1: Label: _Make Command: make 2: Label: Make Custom

creating if needed.

user preferences left. 3:

Label: Make Custom _Target Command: make Label: Make _Object Command: make %e.o

Execute

Loads From: project file or else filetype defined in project file Saves To: project file

Loads From: geany.conf file in ~/.config/geany or else filetype.xxx file in ~/.config/geany/filedefs Saves To: filetype.xxx file in ~/.config/geany/filedefs

Loads From: filetype.xxx in Geany install Saves To: as user preferences left

Label: _Execute Command: ./%e

The following notes on the table reference cells by coordinate as (group,source): General - for filetype.xxx substitute the filetype name of the current document for xxx. System Filetypes - Labels loaded from these sources are locale sensitive and can contain translations. (Filetype, Project File) and (Filetype, Preferences) - preferences use a full filetype file so that users can configure all other filetype preferences as well. Projects can only configure menu items per filetype. Saving in the project file means that there is only one file per project not a whole directory. (Non-Filetype, System Filetype) - although conceptually strange, defining non-filetype commands in a filetype file, this provides the ability to define filetype dependent default menu items. (Execute, Project File) and (Execute, Preferences) - the project filetype based execute configuration and preferences non-filetype based execute can only be set by hand editing the appropriate file, see Preferences File Format and Project File Format.

Build Menu Commands Dialog
Most of the configuration of the build menu is done through the Build Menu Commands Dialog. You edit the configuration sourced from preferences in the dialog opened from the Build->Build Menu Commands item and you edit the configuration from the project in the build tab of the project preferences dialog. Both use the same form shown below.

The dialog is divided into three sections: Filetype menu items which will be selected based on the filetype of the currently open document. Non-filetype menu items. Execute menu items. The filetype and non-filetype sections also each contain a field for the regular expression used for parsing command output for error and warning messages. The columns in the first three sections allow setting of the label, command, and working directory to run the command in. An item with an empty label will not be shown in the menu.

An empty working directory will default to the directory of the current document. If there is no current document then the command will not run. The dialog will always show the command selected by priority, not just the commands configured in this configuration source. This ensures that you always see what the menu item is going to do if activated. If the current source of the menu item is higher priority than the configuration source you are editing then the command will be shown in the dialog but will be insensitive (greyed out). This can't happen with the project source but can with the preferences source dialog. The clear buttons remove the definition from the configuration source you are editing. When you do this the command from the next lower priority source will be shown. To hide lower priority menu items without having anything show in the menu configure with a nothing in the label but at least one character in the command. Substitutions in Commands and Working Directories The first occurance of each of the following character sequences in each of the command and working directory fields is substituted by the items specified below before the command is run. %d - substituted by the absolute path to the directory of the current file. %e - substituted by the name of the current file without the extension or path. %f - substituted by the name of the current file without the path. %p - if a project is open, substituted by the base path from the project. Note If the basepath set in the project preferences is not an absolute path , then it is taken as relative to the directory of the project file. This allows a project file stored in the source tree to specify all commands and working directories relative to the tree itself, so that the whole tree including the project file, can be moved and even checked into and out of version control without having to re-configure the build menu. Build Menu Keyboard Shortcuts Keyboard shortcuts can be defined for the first two filetype menu items, the first three non-filetype menu items, the first two execute menu items and the fixed menu items. In the keybindings configuration dialog (see Keybinding preferences) these items are identified by the default labels shown in the Build Menu section above. It is currently not possible to bind keyboard shortcuts to more than these menu items. You can also use underlines in the labels to set mnemonic characters. Configuration Files The configurable Build Menu capability was introduced in Geany 0.19 and required a new section to be added to the configuration files (See Preferences File Format). Geany will still load older format project, preferences and filetype file settings and will attempt to map them into the new configuration format. There is not a simple clean mapping between the formats. The mapping used produces the most sensible results for the majority of cases. However, if they do not map the way you want, you may have to manually configure some settings using the Build Commands Dialog or the Build tab of the project preferences dialog. Any setting configured in either of these dialogs will override settings mapped from older format configuration files.

Printing support
Since Geany 0.13 there has been printing support using GTK's printing API. The printed page(s) will look nearly the same as on your screen in Geany. Additionally, there are some options to modify the printed page(s). Note The background text color is set to white, except for text with a white foreground. This allows dark color schemes to save ink when printing. You can define whether to print line numbers, page numbers at the bottom of each page and whether to print a page header on each page. This header contains the filename of the printed document, the current page number and the date and time of printing. By default, the file name of the document with full path information is added to the header. If you prefer to add only the basename of the file(without any path information) you can set it in the preferences dialog. You can also adjust the format of the date and time added to the page header. The available conversion specifiers are the same as the ones which can be used with the ANSI C strftime function. All of these settings can also be changed in the print dialog just before actual printing is done. On Unix-like systems the provided print dialog offers a print preview. The preview file is opened with a PDF viewer and by default GTK uses evince for print preview. If you have not installed evince or just want to use another PDF viewer, you can change the program to use in the file .gtkrc-2.0 (usually found in your home directory). Simply add a line like: gtk-print-preview-command = "epdfview %f"

at the end of the file. Of course, you can also use xpdf, kpdf or whatever as the print preview command. Unfortunately, native GTK printing support is only available if Geany was built against GTK 2.10 (or above) and is running with GTK 2.10 (or above). If not, Geany provides basic printing support. This means you can print a file by passing the filename of the current file to a command which actually prints the file. However, the printed document contains no syntax highlighting. You can adjust the command to which the filename is passed in the preferences dialog. The default command is: % lpr %f %f will be substituted by the filename of the current file. Geany will not show errors from the command itself, so you should make sure that it works before(e.g. by trying to execute it from the command line). A nicer example, which many prefer is: % a2ps -1 --medium=A4 -o - %f | xfprint4 But this depends on a2ps and xfprint4. As a replacement for xfprint4, gtklp or similar programs can be used.

Plugins
Plugins are loaded at startup, if the Enable plugin support general preference is set. There is also a command-line option, -p, which prevents plugins being loaded. Plugins are scanned in the following directories: $prefix/lib/geany (see Installation prefix) ~/.config/geany/plugins Most plugins add menu items to the Tools menu when they are loaded. Since Geany 0.13, there is a Plugin Manager to let you choose which plugins should be loaded at startup. You can also load and unload plugins on the fly using this dialog. Once you click the checkbox for a specific plugin in the dialog, it is loaded or unloaded according to its previous state. By default, no plugins are loaded at startup until you select some. You can also configure some plugin specific options when the plugin provides some. See also Plugin documentation for information about single plugins which are included in Geany.

Keybindings
Geany supports the default keyboard shortcuts for the Scintilla editing widget. For a list of these commands, see Scintilla keyboard commands. The Scintilla keyboard shortcuts will be overridden by any custom keybindings with the same keyboard shortcut.

Switching documents
There are a few non-configurable bindings to switch between documents, listed below. These can also be overridden by custom keybindings. Key Alt-[1-9] Alt-0 Action Select left-most tab, from 1 to 9. Select right-most tab.

Ctrl-Shift-PgUp Select left-most tab. Ctrl-Shift-PgDn Select right-most tab.

Configurable keybindings
For all actions listed below you can define your own keybindings. Open the Preferences dialog, select the desired action and click on change. In the resulting dialog you can press the key combination you want to assign to the action and it will be saved when you press OK. You can define only one key combination for each action and each key combination can only be defined for one action. Some of the default key combinations are common across many applications, for example Ctrl-N for New and Ctrl-O for Open. Because they are so common it is not advisable to change these, but you can add other key combinations for these actions. For example Ctrl-O is set to execute menu_open by default, but you can also define Alt-O, so that the file open dialog is shown by pressing either Ctrl-O or Alt-O. The following tables list all customizable keyboard shortcuts, those which are common to many applications are marked with (C) after the shortcut. File keybindings Action New Open Open selected file Default shortcut Ctrl-N (C) Ctrl-O (C) Ctrl-Shift-O Description Creates a new file. Opens a file. Opens the selected filename.

Re-open last closed tab Save Save As Save all Close all Close Reload file Print Editor keybindings Action Undo Redo Delete current line(s) Delete to line end Duplicate line or selection Transpose current line Scroll to current line Default shortcut Ctrl-Z (C) Ctrl-Y Ctrl-K Ctrl-Shift-Delete Ctrl-D Ctrl-T Ctrl-Shift-L Ctrl-Shift-S Ctrl-Shift-W Ctrl-W (C) Ctrl-R (C) Ctrl-P (C) Ctrl-S (C)

Re-opens the last closed document tab. Saves the current file. Saves the current file under a new name. Saves all open files. Closes all open files. Closes the current file. Reloads the current file. All unsaved changes will be lost. Prints the current file.

Description Un-does the last action. Re-does the last action. Deletes the current line (and any lines with a selection). Deletes from the current caret position to the end of the current line. Duplicates the current line or selection. Transposes the current line with the previous one. Scrolls the current line into the centre of the view. The cursor position and or an existing selection will not be changed. Scrolls the view. Scrolls the view. Shows the autocompletion list. If already showing tag completion, it shows document word completion instead, even if it is not enabled for automatic completion. Likewise if no tag suggestions are available, it shows document word completion. Shows a calltip for the current function or method. Shows a list of available macros and variables in the workspace. If you type a construct like if or for and press this key, it will be completed with a matching template. If you type a construct like if or for and press this key, it will not be completed, and a space or tab will be inserted, depending on what the construct completion keybinding is set to. For example, if you have set the construct completion keybinding to space, then setting this to Shift+space will prevent construct completion and insert a space. Executes a command and passes the current word (near the cursor position) or selection as an argument. See the section called Context actions. Jumps to the next defined cursor positions in a completed snippets if multiple cursor positions where defined.

Scroll up by one line Scroll down by one line Complete word

Alt-Up Alt-Down Ctrl-Space

Show calltip Show macro list Complete snippet

Ctrl-Shift-Space Ctrl-Return Tab

Suppress snippet completion

Context Action

Move cursor in snippet

Word part completion

Tab

When the autocompletion list is visible, complete the currently selected item up to the next word part. Move the current line or selected lines up by one line. Move the current line or selected lines down by one line.

Move line(s) up Move line(s) down

Clipboard keybindings Action Cut Default shortcut Ctrl-X (C) Description Cut the current selection to the clipboard.

Copy Paste Cut current line(s) Copy current line(s)

Ctrl-C (C) Ctrl-V (C) Ctrl-Shift-X Ctrl-Shift-C

Copy the current selection to the clipboard. Paste the clipboard text into the current document. Cuts the current line (and any lines with a selection) to the clipboard. Copies the current line (and any lines with a selection) to the clipboard.

Select keybindings Action Select all Select current word Select current paragraph Select current line(s) Select to previous word part Select to next word part Insert keybindings Action Insert date Insert alternative whitespace Default shortcut Shift-Alt-D Description Inserts a customisable date. Inserts a tab character when spaces should be used for indentation and inserts space characters of the amount of a tab width when tabs should be used for indentation. Default shortcut Ctrl-A (C) Alt-Shift-W Alt-Shift-P Alt-Shift-L Description Makes a selection of all text in the current document. Selects the current word under the cursor. Selects the current paragraph under the cursor which is defined by two empty lines around it. Selects the current line under the cursor (and any partially selected lines). (Extend) selection to previous word part boundary. (Extend) selection to next word part boundary.

Format keybindings Action Toggle case of selection Default shortcut Ctrl-Alt-U Description Changes the case of the selection. A lowercase selection will be changed into uppercase and vice versa. If the selection contains lower- and uppercase characters, all will be converted to lowercase. Comments current line or selection. Uncomments current line or selection. Ctrl-E Ctrl-I Comments a line if it is not commented or removes a comment if the line is commented. Indents the current line or selection by one tab or by spaces in the amount of the tab width setting. Removes one tab or the amount of spaces of the tab width setting from the indentation of the current line or selection. Indents the current line or selection by one space. Deindents the current line or selection by one space. Indents the current line or all selected lines with the same indentation as the previous line. Passes the current selection to a configured external command (available for the first three configured commands, see Sending text through custom commands for details). Sends the current selection or the current line (if there is no selection) to the embedded Terminal (VTE). Reformat selected lines or current (indented) text block, breaking lines at the long line marker or the line breaking column if line breaking is enabled for the current document.

Comment line Uncomment line Toggle line commentation Increase indent

Decrease indent

Ctrl-U

Increase indent by one space Decrease indent by one space Smart line indent Send to Custom Command 1 Ctrl-1 (2,3) (2,3)

Send Selection to Terminal

Reflow lines/block

Settings keybindings

Action Preferences Plugin Preferences Search keybindings Action Find Find Next Find Previous Replace Find in files Next message Previous message Find Usage

Default shortcut Ctrl-Alt-P

Description Opens preferences dialog. Opens plugin preferences dialog.

Default shortcut Ctrl-F (C) Ctrl-G Ctrl-Shift-G Ctrl-H (C) Ctrl-Shift-F

Description Opens the Find dialog. Finds next result. Finds previous result. Opens the Replace dialog. Opens the Find in files dialog. Jumps to the line with the next message in the Messages window. Jumps to the line with the previous message in the Messages window. Finds all occurrences of the current word (near the keyboard cursor) or selection in all open documents and displays them in the messages window. Finds all occurrences of the current word (near the keyboard cursor) or selection in the current document and displays them in the messages window.

Find Document Usage

Mark All

Ctrl-Shift-M

Highlight all matches of the current word/selection in the current document with a colored box. If there's nothing to find, highlighted matches will be cleared.

Go to keybindings Action Navigate forward a location Default shortcut Description Switches to the next location in the navigation history. See the section called Code Navigation History. Switches to the previous location in the navigation history. See the section called Code navigation history. Ctrl-L Ctrl-B Focuses the Go to Line entry (if visible) or shows the Go to line dialog. If the cursor is ahead or behind a brace, then it is moved to the brace which belongs to the current one. If this keyboard shortcut is pressed again, the cursor is moved back to the first brace. Set a marker on the current line, or clear the marker if there already is one. Goto the next marker in the current document. Goto the previous marker in the current document. Jump to the definition of the current word (near the keyboard cursor). If the definition cannot be found (e.g. the relevant file is not open) Geany will beep and do nothing. See the section called Go to tag definition. Jump to the declaration of the current word (near the keyboard cursor). If the declaration cannot be found (e.g. the relevant file is not open) Geany will beep and do nothing. See the section called Go to tag declaration. Home Move the caret to the end of the line indentation unless it is already there, in which case it moves it to the start of the line. Move the caret to the end of the line. Move the caret to the end of the display line. This is useful when you use line wrapping and want to jump to the end of the wrapped, virtual line, not the real end of the whole line. If the line

Navigate back a location

Go to line Goto matching brace

Toggle marker Goto next marker Goto previous marker Go to tag definition

Ctrl-M Ctrl-. Ctrl-,

Go to tag declaration

Go to Start of Line

Go to End of Line Go to End of Display Line

End Alt-End

is not wrapped, it behaves like Go to End of Line, see above. Go to Previous Word Part Go to Next Word Part View keybindings Action Fullscreen Toggle Messages Window Toggle Sidebar Toggle all additional widgets Default shortcut F11 (C) Description Switches to fullscreen mode. Toggles the message window (status and compiler messages) on and off. Shows or hides the sidebar. Hide and show all additional widgets like the notebook tabs, the toolbar, the messages window and the status bar. Ctrl-+ (C) Ctrl-- (C) Ctrl-0 Zooms in the text. Zooms out the text. Reset any previous zoom on the text. Ctrl-/ CtrlGoto the previous part of the current word. Goto the next part of the current word.

Zoom In Zoom Out Zoom Reset Focus keybindings Action Switch to Editor Switch to Scribble Switch to VTE Switch to Search Bar Switch to Sidebar Switch to Compiler Switch to Messages Switch to Message Window Switch to Sidebar Document List Switch to Sidebar Symbol List

Default shortcut F2 F6 F4 F7

Description Switches to editor widget. Also reshows the document statistics line (after a short timeout). Switches to scribble widget. Switches to VTE widget. Switches to the search bar in the toolbar (if visible). Focus the Sidebar. Focus the Compiler message window tab. Focus the Messages message window tab. Focus the Message Window's current tab. Focus the Document list tab in the Sidebar (if visible). Focus the Symbol list tab in the Sidebar (if visible).

Notebook tab keybindings Action Switch to left document Switch to right document Switch to last used document Default shortcut Ctrl-PageUp (C) Ctrl-PageDown (C) Ctrl-Tab Description Switches to the previous open document. Switches to the next open document. Switches to the previously shown document (if it's still open). Holding Ctrl (or another modifier if the keybinding has been changed) will show a dialog, then repeated presses of the keybinding will switch to the 2nd-last used document, 3rd-last, etc. Also known as Most-Recently-Used documents switching. Changes the current document with the left hand one. Changes the current document with the right hand one. Moves the current document to the first position. Moves the current document to the last position.

Move document left Move document right Move document first Move document last Document keybindings Action Replace tabs by space Replace spaces by tabs Toggle current fold Fold all Unfold all

Alt-PageUp Alt-PageDown

Default shortcut

Description Replaces all tabs with the right amount of spaces. Replaces all spaces with tab characters. Toggles the folding state of the current code block. Folds all contractible code blocks. Unfolds all contracted code blocks.

Reload symbol list Toggle Line wrapping Toggle Line breaking Remove Markers

Ctrl-Shift-R

Reloads the tag/symbol list. Enables or disables wrapping of long lines. Enables or disables automatic breaking of long lines at a configurable column. Remove any markers on lines or words which were set by using 'Mark All' in the search dialog or by manually marking lines. Remove any error indicators in the current document.

Remove Error Indicators

Build keybindings Action Compile Build Make all Make custom target Make object Next error Previous error Run Set Build Commands Tools keybindings Action Show Color Chooser Help keybindings Action Help Default shortcut F1 (C) Description Opens the manual. Default shortcut Description Opens the Color Chooser dialog. F5 F8 F9 Shift-F9 Ctrl-Shift-F9 Default shortcut Description Compiles the current file. Builds (compiles if necessary and links) the current file. Builds the current file with the Make tool. Builds the current file with the Make tool and a given target. Compiles the current file with the Make tool. Jumps to the line with the next error from the last build process. Jumps to the line with the previous error from the last build process. Executes the current file in a terminal emulation. Opens the build commands dialog.

Configuration files
Warning You must use UTF-8 encoding without BOM for configuration files.

Tools menu items
There's a Configuration files submenu in the Tools menu that contains items for some of the available user configuration files. Clicking on one opens it in the editor for you to update. Geany will reload the file after you have saved it. Note Other configuration files not shown here will need to be opened manually, and will not be automatically reloaded when saved. (see Reload Configuration below). There's also a Reload Configuration item which can be used if you updated one of the other configuration files, or modified or added template files. Reload Configuration is also necessary to update syntax highlighting colors. Note Syntax highlighting colors aren't updated in open documents after saving filetypes.common as this can possibly take a significant amount of time.

Global configuration file
There is a global configuration file for Geany which will be used for any settings not defined in the users local configuration file. Settings present in the local configuration file override those in the global file. The global configuration file is read from $prefix/share/geany/geany.conf (where $prefix is the path where Geany is installed, see Installation prefix) when starting Geany and an user configuration file does

not exist. It can contain any settings which are found in the usual configuration file created by Geany but does not have to contain all settings. Note This feature is mainly intended for package maintainers or system admins who want to set up Geany in a multi user environment and set some sane default values for this environment. Usually users won't need to do that.

Filetype definition files
All color definitions and other filetype specific settings are stored in the filetype definition files. Those settings are colors for syntax highlighting, general settings like comment characters or word delimiter characters as well as compiler and linker settings.

Custom filetypes
At startup Geany looks for filetypes.*.conf files in the system and user filetype paths, adding any filetypes found with the name matching the '*' wildcard. Custom filetypes are not as powerful as built-in filetypes, but the following have been implemented: Recognizing and setting the filetype (after the user has manually edited filetype_extensions.conf). Filetype settings in the [settings] section (see Format). Using existing tag parsing (tag_parser key). Using existing syntax highlighting (lexer_filetype key). Build commands. Loading global tags files (namespace will be shared with tag_parser type).

System files
The system-wide configuration files can be found in $prefix/share/geany and are called filetypes.$ext, where $prefix is the path where Geany is installed (see Installation prefix) and $ext is the name of the filetype. For every filetype there is a corresponding definition file. There is one exception: filetypes.common -- this file is for general settings, which are not specific to a certain filetype. Warning It is not recommended that users edit the system-wide files, because they will be overridden when Geany is updated.

User files
To change the settings, copy a file from $prefix/share/geany to the subdirectory filedefs in your configuration directory (usually ~/.config/geany/). For example: % cp /usr/local/share/geany/filetypes.c /home/username/.config/geany/filedefs/ Then you can edit the file and the changes are also available after an update of Geany because they reside in your configuration directory. Alternatively, you can create a file ~/.config/geany/filedefs/filetypes.X and add only these settings you want to change. All missing settings will be read from the corresponding global definition file in $prefix/share/geany. As well as the sections listed below, each filetype file can contain a [build-menu] section as described in [build-menu] Section.

Format
[styling] Section In this section the colors for syntax highlighting are defined. The manual format is: key=foreground_color;background_color;bold_flag;italic_flag Colors have to be specified as RGB hex values prefixed by 0x. For example red is 0xff0000, blue is 0x0000ff. The values are case-insensitive, but it is a good idea to use small letters. Bold and italic are flags and should only be "true" or "false". If their value is something other than "true" or "false", "false" is assumed. You can omit fields to use the values from the style named "default". E.g. key=0xff0000;;true This makes the key style have red foreground text, default background color text and bold emphasis.
Using a named style

The second format uses a named style name to reference a style defined in filetypes.common.

key=named_style key2=named_style2,bold,italic The bold and italic parts are optional, and if present are used to toggle the bold or italic flags to the opposite of the named style's flags. In contrast to style definition booleans, they are a literal ",bold,italic" and commas are used instead of semi-colons. E.g. key=comment,italic This makes the key style match the "comment" named style, but with italic emphasis. To define named styles, see the filetypes.common [named_styles] Section. [keywords] Section This section contains keys for different keyword lists specific to the filetype. Some filetypes do not support keywords, so adding a new key will not work. You can only add or remove keywords to/from an existing list. Important The keywords list must be in one line without line ending characters. [lexer_properties] Section Here any special properties for the Scintilla lexer can be set in the format key.name.field=some.value. [settings] Section extension This is the default file extension used when saving files, not including the period character (.). The extension used should match one of the patterns associated with that filetype (see Filetype extensions). Example: extension=cxx wordchars These characters define word boundaries when making selections and searching using word matching options. Example: (look at system filetypes.* files) comment_open A character or string which is used to comment code. If you want to use multiline comments, also set comment_close, otherwise leave it empty. Example: comment_open=/* comment_close If multiline comments are used, this is the character or string to close the comment. Example: comment_close=*/ comment_use_indent Set this to false if a comment character or string should start at column 0 of a line. If set to true it uses any indentation of the line. Note: Comment indentation comment_use_indent=true would generate this if a line is commented (e.g. with Ctrl-D): #command_example(); comment_use_indent=false would generate this if a line is commented (e.g. with Ctrl-D): # command_example();

Note: This setting only works for single line comments (like '//', '#' or ';'). Example: comment_use_indent=true context_action_cmd A command which can be executed on the current word or the current selection. Example usage: Open the API documentation for the current function call at the cursor position. The command can be set for every filetype or if not set, a global command will be used. The command itself can be specified without the full path, then it is searched in $PATH. But for security reasons, it is recommended to specify the full path to the command. The wildcard %s will be replaced by the current word at the cursor position or by the current selection.

Hint: for PHP files the following could be quite useful: context_action_cmd=firefox "http://www.php.net/%s" Example: context_action_cmd=devhelp -s "%s" tag_parser The TagManager language name, e.g. "C". lexer_filetype A filetype name to setup syntax highlighting from another filetype. This must not be recursive, i.e. it should be a filetype name that doesn't use the lexer_filetype key itself. [build_settings] Section As of Geany 0.19 this section is supplemented by the [build-menu] Section. Values that are set in the [build-menu] section will override those in this section. error_regex This is a GNU-style extended regular expression to parse a filename and line number from build output. If undefined, Geany will fall back to its default error message parsing. Only the first two matches will be read by Geany. Geany will look for a match that is purely digits, and use this for the line number. The remaining match will be used as the filename. Example: error_regex=(.+):([0-9]+):[0-9]+ This will parse a message such as: test.py:7:24: E202 whitespace before ']' Build commands If any build menu item settings have been configured in the Build Menu Commands dialog or the Build tab of the project preferences dialog then these settings are stored in the [build-menu] section and override the settings in this section for that item. compiler This item specifies the command to compile source code files. But it is also possible to use it with interpreted languages like Perl or Python. With these filetypes you can use this option as a kind of syntax parser, which sends output to the compiler message window. You should quote the filename to also support filenames with spaces. The following wildcards for filenames are available: %f -- complete filename without path %e -- filename without path and without extension Example: compiler=gcc -Wall -c "%f" linker This item specifies the command to link the file. If the file is not already compiled, it will be compiled while linking. The -o option is automatically added by Geany. This item works well with GNU gcc, but may be problematic with other compilers (esp. with the linker). Example: linker=gcc -Wall "%f" run_cmd Use this item to execute your file. It has to have been built already. Use the %e wildcard to have only the name of the executable (i.e. without extension) or use the %f wildcard if you need the complete filename, e.g. for shell scripts. Example: run_cmd="./%e"

Special file filetypes.common
There is a special filetype definition file called filetypes.common. This file defines some general non-filetypespecific settings. See the Format section for how to define styles. [named_styles] Section Named styles declared here can be used in the [styling] section of any filetypes.* file. For example: In filetypes.common: [named_styles] foo=0xc00000;0xffffff;false;true bar=foo In filetypes.c:

[styling] comment=foo This saves copying and pasting the whole style definition into several different files. Note You can define aliases for named styles, as shown with the bar entry in the above example, but they must be declared after the original style. [styling] Section default This is the default style. It is used for styling files without a filetype set. Example: default=0x000000;0xffffff;false;false selection The style for coloring selected text. The format is: Foreground color Background color Use foreground color Use background color The colors are only set if the 3rd or 4th argument is true. When the colors are not overridden, the default is a dark grey background with syntax highlighted foreground text. Example: selection=0xc0c0c0;0x00007F;true;true brace_good The style for brace highlighting when a matching brace was found. Example: brace_good=0xff0000;0xFFFFFF;true;false brace_bad The style for brace highlighting when no matching brace was found. Example: brace_bad=0x0000ff;0xFFFFFF;true;false caret The style for coloring the caret(the blinking cursor). Only first and third argument is interpreted. Set the third argument to true to change the caret into a block caret. Example: caret=0x000000;0x0;false;false caret_width The width for the caret(the blinking cursor). Only the first argument is interpreted. The width is specified in pixels with a maximum of three pixel. Use the width 0 to make the caret invisible. Example: caret=1;0;false;false current_line The style for coloring the background of the current line. Only the second and third arguments are interpreted. The second argument is the background color. Use the third argument to enable or disable background highlighting for the current line (has to be true/false). Example: current_line=0x0;0xe5e5e5;true;false indent_guide The style for coloring the indentation guides. Only the first and second arguments are interpreted. Example: indent_guide=0xc0c0c0;0xffffff;false;false white_space The style for coloring the white space if it is shown. The first both arguments define the foreground and background colors, the third argument sets whether to use the defined foreground color or to use the color defined by each filetype for the white space. The fourth argument defines whether to use the background color. Example: white_space=0xc0c0c0;0xffffff;true;true folding_style The style of folding icons. Only first and second arguments are used. Valid values for the first argument are:

1 -2 -3 -4 --

for boxes for circles for arrows for +/-

Valid values for the second argument are: 0 -- for no lines 1 -- for straight lines 2 -- for curved lines Default: folding_style=1;1; Arrows: folding_style=3;0; folding_horiz_line Draw a thin horizontal line at the line where text is folded. Only first argument is used. Valid values for the first argument are: 0 -- disable, do not draw a line 1 -- draw the line above folded text 2 -- draw the line below folded text Example: folding_horiz_line=0;0;false;false line_wrap_visuals First argument: drawing of visual flags to indicate a line is wrapped. This is a bitmask of the values: 0 -- No visual flags 1 -- Visual flag at end of subline of a wrapped line 2 -- Visual flag at begin of subline of a wrapped line. Subline is indented by at least 1 to make room for the flag. Second argument: wether the visual flags to indicate a line is wrapped are drawn near the border or near the text. This is a bitmask of the values: 0 -- Visual flags drawn near border 1 -- Visual flag at end of subline drawn near text 2 -- Visual flag at begin of subline drawn near text Only first and second argument is interpreted. Example: line_wrap_visuals=3;0;false;false line_wrap_indent First argument: sets the size of indentation of sublines for wrapped lines in terms of the width of a space, only used when the second argument is 0. Second argument: wrapped sublines can be indented to the position of their first subline or one more indent level. Possible values: 0 - Wrapped sublines aligned to left of window plus amount set by the first argument 1 - Wrapped sublines are aligned to first subline indent (use the same indentation) 2 - Wrapped sublines are aligned to first subline indent plus one more level of indentation Only first and second argument is interpreted. Example: line_wrap_indent=0;1;false;false translucency Translucency for the current line (first argument) and the selection (second argument). Values between 0 and 256 are accepted. Note for Windows 95, 98 and ME users: keep this value at 256 to disable translucency otherwise Geany might crash. Only the first and second argument is interpreted. Example: translucency=256;256;false;false marker_line The style for a highlighted line (e.g when using Goto line or goto tag). The foreground color (first argument) is only used when the Markers margin is enabled (see View menu). Only the first and second argument is interpreted. Example: marker_line=0x000000;0xffff00;false;false marker_search

The style for a marked search results (when using "Mark" in Search dialogs). The second argument sets the background colour for the drawn rectangle. Only the second argument is interpreted. Example: marker_search=0x000000;0xb8f4b8;false;false marker_mark The style for a marked line (e.g when using the "Toggle Marker" keybinding (Ctrl-M)). The foreground color (first argument) is only used when the Markers margin is enabled (see View menu). Only the first and second argument is interpreted. Example: marker_mark=0x000000;0xb8f4b8;false;false marker_translucency Translucency for the line marker (first argument) and the search marker (second argument). Values between 0 and 256 are accepted. Note for Windows 95, 98 and ME users: keep this value at 256 to disable translucency otherwise Geany might crash. Only the first and second argument is interpreted. Example: marker_translucency=256;256;false;false line_height Amount of space to be drawn above and below the line's baseline. The first argument defines the amount of space to be drawn above the line, the second argument defines the amount of space to be drawn below. Only the first and second argument is interpreted. Example: line_height=0;0;false;false calltips The style for coloring the calltips. The first two arguments define the foreground and background colors, the third and fourth arguments set whether to use the defined colors. Example: calltips=0xc0c0c0;0xffffff;false;false [settings] Section whitespace_chars Characters to treat as whitespace. These characters are ignored when moving, selecting and deleting across word boundaries (see Scintilla keyboard commands). This should include space (\s) and tab (\t). Example: whitespace_chars=\s\t!\"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\\]^`{|}~

Filetype extensions
To change the default filetype extension used when saving a new file, see Filetype definition files. You can override the list of file extensions that Geany uses for each filetype using the filetype_extensions.conf file. To override the system-wide configuration file, copy it from $prefix/share/geany to your configuration directory, usually ~/.config/geany/. $prefix is the path where Geany is installed (see Installation prefix). For example: % cp /usr/local/share/geany/filetype_extensions.conf /home/username/.config/geany/ Then edit it and remove all the lines for filetype extensions that you do not want to override. The remaining lines can be edited after the = sign, using a semi-colon separated list of patterns which should be matched for that filetype. For example, to set the filetype extensions for Make, the /home/username/.config/geany/filetype_extensions.conf file should look like: [Extensions] Make=Makefile*;*.mk;Buildfile;

Preferences File Format
The preferences file ~/.config/geany/geany.conf holds settings for all the items configured in the preferences dialog. This file should not be edited while Geany is running as the file will be overwritten when

the preferences in Geany are changed or Geany is quitted.

Hidden preferences
There are some rarely used preferences that are not shown in the Preferences dialog. These can be set by editing the preferences file, then restarting Geany. Search for the key name, then edit the value. Example: brace_match_ltgt=true The table below show the key names of hidden preferences in the configuration file. Key Editor related brace_match_ltgt show_editor_scrollbars Whether to highlight <, > angle brackets. Whether to display scrollbars. If set to false, the horizontal and vertical scrollbars are hidden completely. false true Description Default

use_gtk_word_boundaries

Whether to look for the end of a word when true using word-boundary related Scintilla commands (see Scintilla keyboard commands). Whether to allow completion of snippets when editing an existing line (i.e. there is some text after the current cursor position on the line). Only used when the keybinding Complete snippet is set to Space. Whether to show or hide the small expander icons on the symbol list treeview (only available with GTK 2.12 or above). Whether files can be saved always, even if they don't have any changes. By default, the Save buttons and menu items are disabled when a file is unchanged. When setting this option to true, the Save buttons and menu items are always active and files can be saved. false

complete_snippets_whilst_editing

Interface related show_symbol_list_expanders true

allow_always_save

false

compiler_tab_autoscroll VTE related emulation

Whether to automatically scroll to the last line of true the output in the Compiler tab. Terminal emulation mode. Only change this if you have VTE termcap files other than vte/termcap/xterm. xterm

send_selection_unsafe

false By default, Geany strips any trailing newline characters from the current selection before sending it to the terminal to not execute arbitrary code. This is mainly a security feature. If, for whatever reasons, you really want it to be executed directly, set this option to true. Defines the mode how Geany saves files to disk. false If disabled, Geany directly writes the content of the document to disk. This might cause in loss of data when there is no more free space on disk to save the file. When set to true, Geany first saves the contents into a temporary file and if this succeeded, the temporary file is moved to the real file to save. This gives better error checking in case of no more free disk space. But it also destroys hard links of the original file and its permissions (e.g. executable flags are reset). Use this with care as it can break things seriously. The better approach would be to ensure your disk won't run out of free space. The maximum number of menu items in the filetype section of the Build menu. The maximum number of menu items in the non-filetype section of the Build menu. The maximum number of menu items in the execute section of the Build menu. 2 3 2

File related use_safe_file_saving

Build Menu related number_ft_menu_items number_non_ft_menu_items number_exec_menu_items

[build-menu] Section

The [build-menu] section contains the configuration of the build menu. This section can occur in filetype, preferences and project files and always has the format described here. Different menu items are loaded from different files, see the table in the Build Menu Configuration section for details. All the settings can be configured from the dialogs except the execute command in filetype files and filetype definitions in the project file, so these are the only ones which need hand editing. The build-menu section stores one entry for each setting for each menu item that is configured. The keys for these settings have the format: GG_NN_FF where: GG - is the menu item group, FT for filetype NF for non-filetype EX for execute NN - is a two decimal digit number of the item within the group, starting at 00 FF - is the field, LB for label CM for command WD for working directory

Project File Format
The project file contains project related settings and possibly a record of the current session files.

[build-menu] Additions
The project file also can have extra fields in the [build-menu] section in addition to those listed in [buildmenu] Section above. When filetype menu items are configured for the project they are stored in the project file. The filetypes entry is a list of the filetypes which exist in the project file. For each filetype the entries for that filetype have the format defined in [build-menu] Section but the key is prefixed by the name of the filetype as it appears in the filetypes entry, eg the entry for the label of filetype menu item 0 for the C filetype would be CFT_00_LB=Label

Templates
Geany supports the following templates: ChangeLog entry File header Function description Short GPL notice Short BSD notice File templates To use these templates, just open the Edit menu or open the popup menu by right-clicking in the editor widget, and choose "Insert Comments" and insert templates as you want. Some templates (like File header or ChangeLog entry) will always be inserted at the top of the file. To insert a function description, the cursor must be inside of the function, so that the function name can be determined automatically. The description will be positioned correctly one line above the function, just check it out. If the cursor is not inside of a function or the function name cannot be determined, the inserted function description won't contain the correct function name but "unknown" instead. Note Geany automatically reloads template information when it notices you save a file in the user's template configuration directory. You can also force this by selecting Tools->Reload Configuration.

Template meta data
Meta data can be used with all templates, but by default user set meta data is only used for the ChangeLog and File header templates. In the configuration dialog you can find a tab "Templates" (see Template preferences). You can define the default values which will be inserted in the templates. You should select Tools->Reload Configuration or restart Geany after making changes.

File templates
File templates are templates used as the basis of a new file. To use them, choose the New (with Template) menu item from the File menu.

By default, file templates are installed for some filetypes. Custom file templates can be added by creating the appropriate template file. You can also edit the default file templates. The file's contents are just the text to place in the document, with optional template wildcards like {fileheader}. The fileheader wildcard can be placed anywhere, but it's usually put on the first line of the file, followed by a blank line. Custom file templates These are read from the following directories: $prefix/share/geany/templates/files (see Installation prefix) ~/.config/geany/templates/files (created the first time Geany is started). The filetype to use is detected from the template file's extension, if any. For example, creating a file module.c would add a menu item which created a new document with the filetype set to 'C'. The template file is read from disk when the corresponding menu item is clicked. Filetype templates Note It's recommended to use custom file templates instead. Filetype template files are read from the ~/.config/geany/templates directory, and are named "filetype." followed by the filetype name, e.g. "filetype.python", "filetype.sh", etc. If you are unsure about the filetype name extensions, they are the same as the filetype configuration file extensions, commonly installed in /usr/share/geany, with the prefix "filetypes.". There is also a template file filetype.none which is used when the New command is used without a filetype. This is empty by default.

Customizing templates
Each template can be customized to your needs. The templates are stored in the ~/.config/geany/templates/ directory (see the section called Command line options for further information about the configuration directory). Just open the desired template with an editor (ideally, Geany ;-) ) and edit the template to your needs. There are some wildcards which will be automatically replaced by Geany at startup. Template wildcards All wildcards must be enclosed by "{" and "}", e.g. {date}. Wildcards for character escaping Wildcard ob cb pc Description { Opening Brace (used to prevent other wildcards being expanded). } Closing Brace. % Percent (used to escape e.g. %block% in snippets). Available in file templates, file header, snippets. file templates, file header, snippets. snippets.

Global wildcards These are configurable, see Template preferences. Wildcard developer Description The name of the developer. Available in file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets.

initial

The developer's initials, e.g. "ET" for Enrico Tröger or "JFD" for John Foobar Doe. The email address of the developer.

mail

company

The company the developer is working for.

version

The initial version of a new file.

Date & time wildcards The format for these wildcards can be changed in the preferences dialog, see Template preferences. You

can use any conversion specifiers which can be used with the ANSI C strftime function. For details please see http://man.cx/strftime. Wildcard year Description The current year. Default format is: YYYY. Available in file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets.

date

The current date. Default format: YYYY-MM-DD.

datetime

The current date and time. Default format: DD.MM.YYYY HH:mm:ss ZZZZ.

Dynamic wildcards Wildcard untitled Description The string "untitled" (this will be translated to your locale), used in file templates. Available in file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets.

geanyversion

The actual Geany version, e.g. "Geany 0.19.1". file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets. The filename of the current file. For new files, it's only replaced when first saving if found on the first 3 lines of the file. The current project's name, if any. The current project's description, if any. file header, snippets, file templates.

filename

project description functionname

file header, snippets, file templates. file header, snippets, file templates.

The function name of the function at the cursor function description. position. This wildcard will only be replaced in the function description template. file templates, file header, function description, ChangeLog entry, bsd, gpl, snippets.

command:path Executes the specified command and replace the wildcard with the command's standard output. See Special {command:} wildcard for details. Template insertion wildcards Wildcard gpl bsd fileheader Description This wildcard inserts a short GPL notice. This wildcard inserts a BSD licence notice. The file header template. This wildcard will only be replaced in filetype templates.

Available in file header. file header. snippets, file templates.

Special {command:} wildcard

The {command:} wildcard is a special one because it can execute a specified command and put the command's output (stdout) into the template. Example: {command:uname -a} will result in: Linux localhost 2.6.9-023stab046.2-smp #1 SMP Mon Dec 10 15:04:55 MSK 2007 x86_64 GNU/Linux Using this wildcard you can insert nearly any arbitrary text into the template. In the environment of the executed command the variables GEANY_FILENAME, GEANY_FILETYPE and GEANY_FUNCNAME are set. The value of these variables is filled in only if Geany knows about it. For example, GEANY_FUNCNAME is only filled within the function description template. However, these variables are always set, just maybe with an empty value. You can easily access them e.g. within an executed shell script using: $GEANY_FILENAME Note If the specified command could not be found or not executed, the wildcard is substituted by an empty string. In such cases, you can find the occurred error message on Geany's standard error and in the Help>Debug Messages dialog.

Customizing the toolbar

You can add, remove and reorder the elements in the toolbar by using the toolbar editor by manually editing the file ui_toolbar.xml. The toolbar editor can be opened from the preferences editor on the Toolbar tab or by right-clicking on the toolbar itself and choosing it from the menu.

Manually editing of the toolbar layout
To override the system-wide configuration file, copy it from $prefix/share/geany to your configuration directory, usually ~/.config/geany/. $prefix is the path where Geany is installed (see Installation prefix). For example: % cp /usr/local/share/geany/ui_toolbar.xml /home/username/.config/geany/ Then edit it and add any of the available elements listed in the file or remove any of the existing elements. Of course, you can also reorder the elements as you wish and add or remove additional separators. This file must be valid XML, otherwise the global toolbar UI definition will be used instead. Your changes are applied once you save the file. Note 1. You cannot add new actions which are not listed below. 2. Everything you add or change must be inside the /ui/toolbar/ path.

Available toolbar elements
Element name New Open Save SaveAll Reload Close CloseAll Print Cut Copy Paste Delete Undo Redo NavBack NavFor Compile Build Create a new file Open an existing file Save the current file Save all open files Reload the current file from disk Close the current file Close all open files Print the current file Cut the current selection Copy the current selection Paste the contents of the clipboard Delete the current selection Undo the last modification Redo the last modification Navigate back a location Navigate forward a location Compile the current file Build the current file, includes a submenu for Make commands. Geany remembers the last chosen action from the submenu and uses this as default action when the button itself is clicked. Run or view the current file Open a color chooser dialog, to interactively pick colors from a palette Zoom in the text Zoom out the text Decrease indentation Increase indentation Replace text in the current document The search field belonging to the 'Search' element (can be used alone) Find the entered text in the current file (only useful if you also use 'SearchEntry') The goto field belonging to the 'Goto' element (can be used alone) Jump to the entered line number (only useful if you also use 'GotoEntry') Show the preferences dialog Quit Geany Description

Run Color ZoomIn ZoomOut UnIndent Indent Replace SearchEntry Search GotoEntry Goto Preferences Quit

Plugin documentation
Save Actions

Instant Save
This plugin sets on every new file (File->New or File-> New (with template)) a randomly chosen filename and set its filetype appropriate to the used template or when no template was used, to a configurable default filetype. This enables you to quickly compile, build and/or run the new file without the need to give it an explicit filename using the Save As dialog. This might be useful when you often create new files just for testing some code or something similar.

Backup Copy
This plugin creates a backup copy of the current file in Geany when it is saved. You can specify the directory where the backup copy is saved and you can configure the automatically added extension in the configure dialog in Geany's plugin manager. After the plugin was loaded in Geany's plugin manager, every file is copied into the configured backup directory when the file is saved in Geany.

Contributing to this document
This document (geany.txt) is written in reStructuredText (or "reST"). The source file for it is located in Geany's doc subdirectory. If you intend on making changes, you should grab the source right from SVN to make sure you've got the newest version. After editing the file, to build the HTML document to see how your changes look, run "make doc" in the subdirectory doc of Geany's source directory. This regenerates the geany.html file. To generate a PDF file, use the command "make pdf" which should generate a file called geany-0.19.1.pdf. After you are happy with your changes, create a patch: % svn diff geany.txt > foo.patch and then submit that file to the mailing list for review. Note, you will need the Python docutils software package installed to build the docs. The package is named python-docutils on Debian and Fedora systems.

Scintilla keyboard commands
Copyright © 1998, 2006 Neil Hodgson <neilh(at)scintilla(dot)org> This appendix is distributed under the terms of the License for Scintilla and SciTE. A copy of this license can be found in the file scintilla/License.txt included with the source code of this program and in the appendix of this document. See License for Scintilla and SciTE. 20 June 2006

Keyboard commands
Keyboard commands for Scintilla mostly follow common Windows and GTK+ conventions. All move keys (arrows, page up/down, home and end) allows to extend or reduce the stream selection when holding the Shift key, and the rectangular selection when holding the Shift and Ctrl keys. Some keys may not be available with some national keyboards or because they are taken by the system such as by a window manager or GTK. Keyboard equivalents of menu commands are listed in the menus. Some less common commands with no menu equivalent are: Action Magnify text size. Reduce text size. Restore text size to normal. Indent block. Dedent block. Delete to start of word. Delete to end of word. Delete to start of line. Go to start of document. Extend selection to start of document. Go to start of display line. Extend selection to start of display line. Go to end of document. Extend selection to end of document. Extend selection to end of display line. Previous paragraph. Shift extends selection. Next paragraph. Shift extends selection. Shortcut key Ctrl+Keypad+ Ctrl+KeypadCtrl+Keypad/ Tab Shift+Tab Ctrl+BackSpace Ctrl+Delete Ctrl+Shift+BackSpace Ctrl+Home Ctrl+Shift+Home Alt+Home Alt+Shift+Home Ctrl+End Ctrl+Shift+End Alt+Shift+End Ctrl+Up Ctrl+Down

Previous word. Shift extends selection. Next word. Shift extends selection.

Ctrl+Left Ctrl+Right

Tips and tricks
Document notebook
Double-click on empty space in the notebook tab bar to open a new document. Middle-click on a document's notebook tab to close the document. Hold Ctrl and click on any notebook tab to switch to the last used document. Double-click on a document's notebook tab to toggle all additional widgets (to show them again use the View menu or the keyboard shortcut). The interface pref must be enabled for this to work.

Editor
Alt-scroll wheel moves up/down a page. Ctrl-scroll wheel zooms in/out. Shift-scroll wheel scrolls 8 characters right/left. Ctrl-click on a word in a document to perform Go to Tag Definition. Ctrl-click on a bracket/brace to perform Go to Matching Brace.

Interface
Double-click on a symbol-list group to expand or compact it.

GTK-related
Scrolling the mouse wheel over a notebook tab bar will switch notebook pages. The following are derived from X-Windows features (but GTK still supports them on Windows): Middle-click pastes the last selected text. Middle-click on a scrollbar moves the scrollbar to that position without having to drag it.

Compile-time options
There are some options which can only be changed at compile time, and some options which are used as the default for configurable options. To change these options, edit the appropriate source file in the src subdirectory. Look for a block of lines starting with #define GEANY_*. Any definitions which are not listed here should not be changed. Note Most users should not need to change these options.

src/geany.h
Option GEANY_STRING_UNTITLED Description A string used as the default name for new files. Be aware that the string can be translated, so change it only if you know what you are doing. The minimal width of the main window. The default width of the main window at the first start. Default untitled

GEANY_WINDOW_MINIMAL_WIDTH GEANY_WINDOW_DEFAULT_WIDTH

620 440 900

GEANY_WINDOW_MINIMAL_HEIGHT The minimal height of the main window.

GEANY_WINDOW_DEFAULT_HEIGHT The default height of the main window at the first 600 start. Windows specific GEANY_USE_WIN32_DIALOG 0 Set this to 1 if you want to use the default Windows file open and save dialogs instead GTK's file open and save dialogs. The default Windows file dialogs are missing some nice features like choosing a filetype or an encoding. Do not touch this setting when building on a non-Win32 system.

project.h
Option GEANY_PROJECT_EXT Description Default The default filename extension for Geany project geany files. It is used when creating new projects and as

filter mask for the project open dialog.

editor.h
Option GEANY_WORDCHARS Description These characters define word boundaries when making selections and searching using word matching options. Default a string with: a-z, A-Z, 0-9 and underscore.

keyfile.c
These are default settings that can be overridden in the Preferences dialog. Option GEANY_MIN_SYMBOLLIST_CHARS GEANY_DISK_CHECK_TIMEOUT GEANY_DEFAULT_TOOLS_MAKE GEANY_DEFAULT_TOOLS_TERMINAL Description How many characters you need to type to trigger the autocompletion list. Time in seconds between checking a file for external changes. The make tool. This can also include a path. A terminal emulator. It has to accept the command line option "-e". This can also include a path. A web browser. This can also include a path. 4 30 "make" "xterm" Default

GEANY_DEFAULT_TOOLS_BROWSER GEANY_DEFAULT_TOOLS_PRINTCMD

"firefox"

A printing tool. It should be able to accept and "lpr" process plain text files. This can also include a path. A grep tool. It should be compatible with GNU "grep" grep. This can also include a path. The length of the "Recent files" list. 10

GEANY_DEFAULT_TOOLS_GREP GEANY_DEFAULT_MRU_LENGTH

GEANY_DEFAULT_FONT_SYMBOL_LIST The font used in sidebar to show symbols and "Sans 9" open files. GEANY_DEFAULT_FONT_MSG_WINDOW The font used in the messages window. GEANY_DEFAULT_FONT_EDITOR GEANY_TOGGLE_MARK The font used in the editor window. A string which is used to mark a toggled comment. "Sans 9" "Monospace 10" "~ " 30

GEANY_MAX_AUTOCOMPLETE_WORDS How many autocompletion suggestions should Geany provide.

build.c
Option Description Default GEANY_BUILD_ERR_HIGHLIGHT_MAX Amount of build error indicators to be shown in 50 the editor window. This affects the special coloring when Geany detects a compiler output line as an error message and then highlights the corresponding line in the source code. Usually only the first few messages are interesting because following errors are just after-effects. All errors in the Compiler window are parsed and unaffected by this value. PRINTBUILDCMDS Every time a build menu item priority calculation FALSE is run, print the state of the menu item table in the form of the table in Build Menu Configuration. May be useful to debug configuration file overloading. Warning produces a lot of output. Can also be enabled/disabled by the debugger by setting printbuildcmds to 1/0 overriding the compile setting.

GNU General Public License
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things. To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it. For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights. We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software. Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations. Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all. The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you". Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does. 1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program. You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and

you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee. 2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions: a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change. b) You must cause any work that whole or in part contains or is part thereof, to be licensed as parties under the terms of this you distribute or publish, that in derived from the Program or any a whole at no charge to all third License.

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<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.> Copyright (C) <year> <name of author> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode: Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.

License for Scintilla and SciTE
Copyright 1998-2003 by Neil Hodgson <neilh(at)scintilla(dot)org> All Rights Reserved Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation. NEIL HODGSON DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT SHALL NEIL HODGSON BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. View document source. Generated on: 2010-08-13 14:20 UTC. Generated by Docutils from reStructuredText source.

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