Question No.

1a) (i) (ii) (b)

Explanation Melting Molecule The heat energy absorbed by the particles is used to overcome the forces of attraction between the naphthalene molecules / particles. The particles move faster

Mark 1 1 1 1 1

Σ Mark

(c)

(d) (i) (ii) (e) (i) (ii)

X : electron Electron W and X

Y : nucleus

1 1 1

Has different number of neutrons but same number of protons // has different nucleon number but same proton number

1+1

10

2

(a)

1

X

(b)

i

Isotopes are atoms (of the same element) with the same number of protons/proton number but different number of neutrons/nucleon number. Any example of isotope Sample answer; carbon-14,cobalt-60, sodium-24 etc 12
23 11

1 1

ii

(c)

i ii

1 1

Y 1

(d)

i

Liquid

(ii)

1

iii iv

Becomes faster/ more active correct curve boiling point

1 1 1

Temperature / C

o

65

Time / min Total 10

Question No. 3(a)

Explanation Is a representation of a chemical substance using letters for atoms and subscripts for each type of atoms present in the substance. [ Able to name suitable acid and metal and its equation ] For example Hydrochloric acid and zinc metal Zn + 2HCl  ZnCl2 + H2 Hydrogen gas must be flowed/through/into the combustion tube for a few minutes before heating/ The flow of hydrogen gas must be continuous throughout the experiment/ [ Accept any one answer]

Mark

Σ Mark

1

(b) (i) (ii) (c)

1 1

1

(d) (i) Number of mole of copper = 1.62 64 1

= 0.025mole (ii) Number of mole of oxygen = 0.40 16 = 0.025mole (iii) Number of mole of copper : Number of mole of oxygen 0.025 : 0.025 The simplest ratio 1 : 1 The empirical formula of copper(II) oxide is CuO 1 Iron(II) oxide / Tin(II) oxide / Lead(II) oxide 1 Burning of metal in excess oxygen 10 Total marks 1 1 1

(e) (f)

7 (a) (i) (ii)

Number of neutrons in Number of neutrons in

35 17

Cl is 18.

1 1

37 17

Cl is 20.

Similarities Differences Same number of protons/electrons Different number of neutrons Same proton number Different nucleon number Same chemical properties Different physical properties (any two similarities/differences) (b) (i) Temperature/oC 80

1+1 1+1

43 30 Time/s [Label axis correctly and correct shape of graph] [Show melting point on the graph] (ii) At 30oC Arrangement of X particles in the solid state is closely packed in an orderly and fixed position. Force of attraction between X particles is very strong. X particles have the lowest kinetic energy. (c) (i) Element Mass/g Number of moles Ratio of moles Empirical formula Carbon, C 74.10 Hydrogen, H 8.64 Nitrogen, N 17.26 At 80oC Arrangement of X particles in the liquid state is not orderly but most particles are still in contact with each other. Force of attraction between X particles is moderately strong. X particles have moderately high kinetic energy. 1 1

1+1

1+1 1+1

74.10 = 6.175 12 6.175 =5 1.233

8.64 = 8.64 1 8.64 =7 1.233
C5H7N

17.26 = 1.233 14 17.26 =1 1.233

1 1

1

(ii)

[C5H7N]n = 162 [5(12) + 7(1) + 14]n = 162 81n = 162 n= 2 Molecular formula of nicotine is C10H14N2 Total

1

1 1 20

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