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Structuration of the Quotefix Initial: alana:ti smruthulu memories of the (tsunami) wave SikshaNa Siksha (Punishment) Na Training Position Medial: relieyance nilvalanni: gyas Reliance (lies of) storages (are) all gas Final A:ja:du: manthram phalisthunda? Will the magic manthram of A;ja:d succeed? Jagun Jagan Gun against fees hike Multilingualism paikipampu sending above (killing) / pump Sen Se:shan Sensational Seshan Without a Distinct Word as the Quotefix Bhu: Prakampanalu Earth tremors aNuma:thra:nike: de:sam tha:kaTTu For the sake of atomic energy, mortgaging the country Grammar in Quotefixation Noun: Ja gun; SikshaNa Verb: Paiki pumpu ni:ru

Quotefixation

1. Structuration of the Quotefix There are only three possibilities for the quotefix to occur in a word: 1. Initial; 2. Medial; and 3. Final. Obviously, the first syllable should start with the quotefix if QLB occurs in the initial position. The length of the quote fix can be from 1n syllables in the initial position; in the medial position, the quotefix should be from the second to the penultimate syllable; again, it can be from 2.to the penultimate syllable of the word; in the case of the final position, any number of syllables from the last to the second syllable of the word can be quotefixed. A few examples are given below. 2. i. Initial Position The quotefix can be at the initial position, for example, as ala wave in the word alana:ti once upon a time in alana:ti smruthulu memories of the (tsunami) wave for a caption of a photograph taken long after the tsunami wave havoc. Another simple example is SikshaNa Siksha (Punishment) Na Training to indicate the sorry state of a person who was still performing the duties of a constable even after finishing training as a Head Constable one year before. ii. Medial Position

At the medial position, for example, as relieyance nilvalanni: gyas Reliance storages (are) all gas (Andhra Prabha 28th March, 2012) where an English word is bifurcated to create a QLB in the first instance of lie and the quotation marks for the second word gyas are not in QLB but they are apt to indicate the meaning of bluff, or in va:rasavattaram (va:rasa inherited+ rasavattaram interesting= va:rasa rasavattaram = va:rasavattaram by blending = interesting inheritance) in va:ri charitra va:rasavattaram (Andhra Prabha 15th August,1999: 7) which is more complex; sa:ra:ju liquor-as-the-king in sa:ra:ju Sidda:puram - ide: a: grama:niki ji:vanam (Va:rtha 5th January, 2004); iii. Final Position At the final position as in A:ja:du: manthram phalisthunda:? Will the magic manthram of A;ja:d succeed? (Va:rtha 5th June, 2012), or paikipampu sending above (killing) / pump in jana:nni paikipampu ni:ru (Va:rtha 28th May, 2008: 2). iv. Multilingualism in QLB Quotefixes As it is observed in the examples of Reliance and A:ja:du:, and pumpu, QLB is polylingual. The quotefix can be formed from any language in Telugu. v. QLB without a Distinct Word Sometimes, a quotefix can be chosen out of the word even though the word formed from the quotefix is not a distinct word from the whole word. For example, in Bhu: Prakampanalu Earth tremors (Va:rtha 7.6.2007), the word bhu: earth is not a distinct word as in siksha (punishment) of sikshaNa (training), or Indhanam (dhanam= wealth; indhanam = oil). However, its meaning is specifically related to land grabbing by land grabbers in Bandlagu:Da area of the Old City (Hyderabad). The phrase means that there is violence (stone throwing) as the Revenue Officials tried to reclaim the land grabbed in Upparipalli at the other side of Bandlagu:Da. Another example is aNuma:thra:nike: de:sam tha:kaTTu For the sake of atomic energy, mortgaging the country (aNu=atom which means a negligible quantity in the original meaning which is changed to atomic energy by quotation marks to suit the context. vi. Grammar in Quotefixation The quotefix can occur in any part of speech in principle if the contextual activity fits into that part of speech. In practice, it is observed that noun phrases attract quotefixation more than other parts of speech but this cannot be taken seriously because such frequencies are not dependent on grammar but on contextual activity and resourcefulness and dispositional creativity of the journalist,

Here, the syntagmatic axis (as shown in Graph Ic as relation the third quadrant) is manipulated to suit the contextual meaning according to the universal science of action in universal science of lingual action by dispositional conceptualization. Finally, what is cognized as a cogneme is materialized as lingual action in the fourth quadrant as shown in Graph Id) These parameters are not a part of the Universal Grammar (of Chomsky) but a part of the Universal Science of Lingual Action (of Bhuvaneswar) spatial (syntagmatic) ordering of linguistic units. They are not genetically inherited but dispositionally cognized and contextually evolved when they are created by the individuals.