Prestressed Precast I-Girder Design for Intermediate Beams - CE767

Geometrical Properties
Girder Span Length
Girder Depth
Spacing of Girders

L
h
S

24
90
0.85

m
cm
m

Deck Thickness

tdeck

20

cm

0
0

cm
cm

Haunch Thickness
Haunch Width

Please choose the type of the beam cross section (1/2)
Please enter the dimensions of the section in "SectionComposer"

Material Properties of Concrete
Elastic Modulus - AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.4-1
Descrip.
fc`
Unit W
(MPA)
(kg/m3)
CIP Deck
30
2500
Beam@transfer
40
2500
Beam@service
50
2500

Loads
DW, Dead Load Placed on Structural Components
Thickness of wearing surface
6
cm
Unit weight of wearing surface
2200
kg/m3

1

Cross sectional Properties for a Single Beam
Girder from LARSA Section Composer
Area
Istrong
Iweak
bw
yb
(cm2)
(cm4)
(cm4)
(cm)
(cm)
3037.5
3.18E+06 942070.3 15
50.22
Cross Diaphragms
width
height
Quantity

25
94
3

Cross sectional Properties for the Composite Beam
A(ycb-yb)2
Descript. Area
yb
A.yb
(cm2)
(cm)
(cm3)
(cm4)
Beam
3037.50
50.2
152531
688500.94
Haunch
0.00
0
0
0
Deck
1316.81
100
131681
1588167.4
Sum
4354.31
2.84E+05
Section, ycb =

65.3

Ec
(MPA)
29440
33994
38007

DC, Dead Load of Structural Components and non-structural elements
Self Weight
0.759
t/m
Deck Weight
0.425
t/m
Haunch
0.000
t/m
Sum
1.184
t/m

cm
cm
two at ends and one at mid-span

Istrong
(cm4)
3.18E+06
0
43894

Istr+ADy2
(cm4)
3.87E+06
0.00E+00
1.63E+06
5.50E+06

Cross Diaphragms

0.499375
0.499375

tons per girder at mid-span
tons per girder at each end

Barrier
Wearing Surface
Sum

0.100
0.112
0.212

t/m per beam
t/m per beam
t/m per beam

LL, Distrubution Factors for LiveLoad H30 truck
Distribution Factor for Bending Moment - lane/beam

S=
ts =
L=
Nb =
Kg

cm

Effective Flange Width (AASHTO LRFD 4.6.2.6.1)
1/4 Span =
6
m
12ts + web
2.85
m
Spacing =
0.85
m
Use
0.85
m

Kg =
DFM =

Prestressing steel
# of strands
Area of 1 strand

Spacing for prestressing strands

5

DFS =

Layer 1 - # of strands
Layer 2 - # of strands
Layer 3 - # of strands
Layer 4 - # of strands
Layer 5 - # of strands
Layer 6 - # of strands
Layer 7 - # of strands
Layer 8 - # of strands
Layer 9 - # of strands

11
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

c.g of prestressing tendons from bottom

cm

Check for fitting
x
y,from bottom
(cm)
(cm)
60
5
60
10
5
15
5
20
5
25
5
30
5
35
5
40
5
45

7.50

cm

mm
mm
mm
mm4

NOT OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Table 4.6.2.2.3a-1

0.77
27

(1/2 in. Dia. Seven wire, low relaxation)
22
Ab
98.71
mm2

850
200
24000
>=4
1.38E+11

1.38E+11 mm4
0.313
lanes/beam

Distribution Factor for Shear - lane/beam
Modular Ratio of Deck to Beam =
Span to Depth Ratio

Table 4.6.2.2.2b-1

Prestressing force
Ultimate strength
Yield strength
Initially (=0.75 fpu)
Initial loss
Initial loss
At Transfer after initial losses
Total Prestressing Force

Reinforcing Bars
Yield strength

fpy

fpu
fpy
fpi

1861.65
1675.485
1396.2
4.3
60.0
1336.2
2901.7

420

MPa

MPa
MPa
MPa
%
MPa
MPa
kN

0.430

lanes/beam

(LRFD Table 5.4.4.1-1)
(LRFD Table 5.9.3-1)

STRESSES AT TRANSFER

Moment due to prestressing
Moment due to SW of the beam

Mp at c/g of beam
Mbeam at c.g of beam

1239.5
536.4

kN-m
kN-m

Stress check at transfer - midspan
Bottom Fiber - Compression

`=-P/A-Mp/Sb+Mb/Sb

-20.654

MPa

<

-24

MPa

OK

Top Fiber - Tension Check

`=-P/A+Mp/St-Mb/St

-0.758

MPa

<

1.581

MPa

OK

without bonded reinf.
Check Total Loss due to Initial Prestressing
Loss = n * elastic shortening stress
n = Es/Ec
5.78
Elastic Shortening Stress

`=(-P/A)-(Mp*e)/I+(Mb*e)/I

Loss

iterate for loss

-109.80

-18.996
60.0
(estimated)

MPa

MPa

Check Stresses at Transfer Length Section
Transfer Length =

60 dia =

mm

LRFD Art. 5.8.2.3

Mbeam @ end of Transfer Length =

65.96

kN-m

P=
Mp at c.g of beam =

0.00
0.00

kN
kN-m

Debonded strands =

762
22

Bottom Fiber Stresses =

`=-P/A-Mp/Sb+Mb/Sb

1.041

MPa

<

-24

MPa

OK

Top fiber Stresses =

`=-P/A+Mp/St-Mb/St

-0.825

MPa

<

1.581

MPa

OK

Not checked but say at every meter activate 8 strands from the end zone.

STRESSES AT SERVICE LOADS

Prestress Losses at Service Level
Elastic Shortening

-109.80

MPa

fpi
Aps
Ag
gamma-k
gamma-st
delta fpr

(see above comp.)

delta fpl

1396.24
MPa
2171.61
mm2
303750
mm2
0.8
0.74
17
MPa
(AASHTO LRFD Section 5.9.5.3)
125.91
MPa

Total Prestress Loss at Service
Total Prestress loss (%)
Total Prestress Stress after losses

-235.72
16.9
1160.52

Total Prestress Force
Mp
Mdc
Mdw
Mll
Mll+im
Stresses at Mid-Span

Beam Top Fiber Stresses =

2520.2
1076.5
836.5
149.9
3464.6
1440.3

kN
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

Live Load Table
H30-S24

Span
m

MPa
MPa

(iterative)
Finding the number of strands

Compute stresses using
non-composite
non-composite
non-composite
composite
from the table in "live loads" sheet
composite

Service I =
P/A
(MPa)
-8.30

Mp term
(MPa)
13.47

-8.30

13.47

Service III =
-8.30

-17.00

-8.30

-17.00

fbc
fpb
ybs
ec
Ppe
Final loss
#

1.00(DC+DW) + 1.00 (LL+IM)
Check compressive Stresses in prestressed comp.
Mdc term Mdw term Mll+im term
Total
(MPa)
(MPa)
(MPa)
(MPa)
-10.46
-0.67
-5.97

28.66
25.12
4.5
45.72
2.39E+03
16.9
21

<

-22.50

OK

-0.67

-6.47

-12.44

<

-22.50

OK

-0.94

-9.07

-10.01

<

-13.5

OK

1.00(DC+DW) + 0.80 (LL+IM)
Check tensile stresses in prestressed concrete comp.
13.21
1.78
-10.31

<

3.54

OK

<

3.54

OK

-10.46

Top of Deck Fiber Stresses

Beam Bottom Fiber Stresses =

from AASHTO Table

13.21

1.78

13.67

3.36

Mpa
MPa
cm
cm
Kn
%

0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
3
3.4
3.7
4
4.3
4.6
4.9
5.2
5.5
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
7
7.3
7.6
7.9
8.2
8.5
8.8

Moment
kN-m
16.2
32.55
48.75
65.1
81.3
97.65
113.85
130.2
146.4
162.75
178.95
195.3
211.5
227.7
244.05
260.25
276.6
292.8
309.15
325.35
341.7
357.9
374.25
391.95
421.8
451.8
481.95
512.4
543

FATIGUE CHECK
Fatigue is typically checked for one lane load instead of multiple lanes however for simplicity use above Mll+IM
Distribution Factor for 1 lane loading
Bottom Compressive Stress due to permanent loads and prestress =
Bottom Tensile Stress due to( 0.75 Mll+IM) =
Ratio comp/tension =

1.02

<

2

-10.31
10.08
check fatigue

MPa
MPa
LRFD 5.5.3.1

check of fatigue is not provided in this spreadsheet
STRENGTH LIMIT STATE
Mu1 = 1.25(DC)+1.5(DW)+1.75(LL+IM)
Mu2 =0.9(DC)+0.65(DW)+1.75(LL+IM)
Mu =
3791.0
kN-m
Mu =
3370.8
kN-m
dp

102.50

β
0.75

k
0.38

c=

22.77

cm

cm

>

20

Top flange thickness of the PC beam =
c=

9.63

<

cm
T-section behaviour

10

cm

30

cm

Average stress in prestressing tendons
fps =
1704.499 MPa
Mn =
3435.843 kN-m
for rectangular
Mn=
34533.07 kN-m
for T-section
Mr =Ø Mn
Ø=
1
Mr =

LRFD 5.5.4.2.1

34533.07

>

3791.0

kN-m

OK

SHEAR DESIGN
Vp =

0

kN

no draped tendons exist

Critical shear section approax. = de = h-ybs =
Vdc =
Vdw =
Vll=
Vll+im =

130.0
22.8
424.35
242.6

kN
kN
kN
kN

Vu =
Vc =
Vu =

621.2
180.5
621.2

kN
kN
>

81.2

Vn >

Vu/phi =

690.3

kN

509.8

kN

Req'd Vs =

102.50

cm

from the live loads table

kN

provide stirrups

θ = 45 deg
Av/s =

1.184

mm2/mm

Say S =

15

mm

Required Av =

17.8

mm2

Bar Dia =

8

mm

2 Bars, Av =

100.48

mm2

OK

Use

dia

@

15

8

mm

stirrups

Check minumum required reinforcement and maximum nominal capacity that can be provided by shear reinforcement
Not done in this spreadsheet

DFS

0.246

lanes/beam

9.1
9.4
9.8
10.1
10.4
10.7
11
11.3
11.6
11.9
12.2
12.8
13.4
14

573.75
604.65
635.55
666.6
698.55
734.55
770.55
806.55
842.55
878.7
914.7
986.85
1059.3
1131.75

14.6
14.6
15.2
15.8
16.5
17.1
17.7
18.3
18.9
19.5
20.1
20.7
21.3
22.9
24.4
25.9
27.4
29
30.5
33.5
36.6
39.6
42.7
45.7
48.8
51.8
54.9
57.9
61
67.1
73.2
79.2
85.3
91.4

1204.05
1204.05
1276.05
1349.55
1422.15
1494.9
1567.5
1640.1
1713.15
1785.75
1858.8
1931.4
2004.3
2186.4
2368.95
2551.65
2734.05
2916.45
3099.3
3464.55
3829.95
4195.35
4561.05
5033.4
5629.05
6257.7
6918.6
7612.05
8337.9
9887.55
11567.25
13377.15
15317.25
17387.55

H30-S24
End shear
and end
reaction
kN
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
227.55
240.15
251.55
260.85
269.55
277.5
284.85
290.85
296.85
302.25
307.65
312.3
316.2
320.25
325.65

330.9
335.55
340.2
344.25
348.3
352.35
355.65
358.95
362.25
365.7
368.25
373.65
378.3
382.35
387
387
390.3
394.35
397.65
400.35
403.05
405.6
408.3
410.4
412.95
414.3
416.4
421.05
424.35
427.65
430.35
433.05
435.75
439.65
442.95
451.05
472.35
493.8
515.1
536.4
557.85
579.15
600.45
643.2
685.95
728.55
771.3
814.05

GIRDER TYPE

1
Input lenghts (cm)
X1
50
X2
90
X3
15
X4
0
Y1
15
Y2
7.5
Y3
50
Y4
0
Y5
7.5
Y6
10

Calculation of I XX
A(cm2)
750
131.25
112.5
750
0
0
281.25
112.5
900

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9

XX -->
Strong axis

A
yb'
IXX

yb (cm)
7.5
17.50
18.75
47.5
72.50
72.5
77.50
76.25
85

A*yb
5625
2296.875
2109.375
35625
0
0
21796.875
8578.125
76500
Σ 152531.25

Ix
14062.50
410.16
527.34
156250.00
0.00
0.00
878.91
527.34
7500.00
180156.25

A*yb
8437.5
5041.666667
4000
26812.5
12890.625
9187.5
52500
Σ 118869.7917

Ix
21093.75
1527.78
1666.67
57213.54
644.53
703.13
6250.00
89099.39

3037.5 cm2
50.22 cm
3.181E+06 cm4
7.641E+04

YY -->
Weak Axis

GIRDER TYPE

A
yl'
IYY

3037.5 cm2
45.00 cm
9.421E+05 cm4

2
Required lenghts (cm)
X1
75
X2
75
X3
20
Y1
15
Y2
10
Y3
32.5
Y4
7.5
Y5
10

Calculation of I XX
A(cm2)
1125
275
200
650
206.25
150
750

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7

yb (cm)
7.5
18.33
20
41.25
62.5
61.25
70

XX -->
Strong axis

A
yb'
IXX

3356.25 cm2
35.42 cm
2.264E+06 cm4

YY -->
Weak Axis

A
yl'
IYY

3356.25 cm2
37.50 cm
1.109E+06 cm4

Calculation of I YY
A*(yb-yb')^2
1368495.66
140482.11
111387.63
5532.69
0.00
0.00
209366.43
76248.74
1088930.90
3000444.155

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12

A
750
65.625
65.625
112.5
750
0
0
0
140.625
140.625
112.5
900

yl
45.00
31.67
58.33
45.00
45.00
37.50
52.50
45.00
25.00
65.00
45.00
45.00

A*yl
33750.00
2078.13
3828.13
5062.50
33750.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3515.63
9140.63
5062.50
40500.00
Σ 136687.50

Iy
156250.00
1116.54
1116.54
2109.38
14062.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
10986.33
10986.33
2109.38
607500.00
806236.98

A*(yl-yl')^2
0.00
11666.67
11666.67
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
56250.00
56250.00
0.00
0.00
135833.33

yl
37.50
18.33
56.67
37.5
37.50
18.33
56.67
37.5
37.50

A*yl
42187.50
2520.83
7791.67
7500.00
24375.00
1890.63
5843.75
5625.00
28125.00
Σ 125859.38

Iy
527343.75
5776.91
5776.91
6666.66667
21666.67
4332.68
4332.68
5000
351562.50
932458.77

A*(yl-yl')^2
0.00
50512.15
50512.15
0.00
0.00
37884.11
37884.11
0.00
0.00
176792.53

Calculation of I YY
A*(yb-yb')^2
876806.55
80263.37
47539.51
22112.17
151277.14
100098.15
896964.96
2175061.85

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9

A
1125
137.5
137.5
200
650
103.125
103.125
150
750