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Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN __

'1n the 1'fame ~((ah <The'Most IJ3enificent, the 'Most 'Mercifu(
Fore word Preface I.ntroduction Acknowledgment 17 21 25 29
e4apftl' 1

if

DEDICATED TO... MY pARENTS

Word, Noun, Verb Wor d -~I
> -

31 31 33

Noun - r'jl

© Maktaba

Number - ~.::;_;jl
Dar-us-Salam, 2009
I." >.-~'\ d -d' ,"lngu Iar - .)_:;;'-"I, ua Is - ~I.

41 . 41 41 .43 .43
e4apftl' 3

Maktaba'Dar-us-Salam Learning Arabic Language of the Our'an- Riyadh-2009 484 p, 14x21cm ISBN: 978-603-500-065-9 '. 1-Quran-language-study and teaching 2-Arabic Language-Quranic teaching I-Title 1431/362 224.407dc Legal Deposit no.1431/362 ISBN: 978-603-500-065-9

Plurals - ~I Sound Plural - rJL:JI ~\.. Broken Plural_;.dl ~\

I'runouns-

)~I
5

51
Content

___

__ Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

___

;;;;;;;;;; Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

Third person -

~wi

52 56 60
e4a"t
0' ~

, Subject - i\=:..JI Predicate - _Y.1l1
e4a"to, 12

108 109

Second person - ~~I First person -

Pl

Prepositions - ~I 0_)?

65

Verb - ~I Past Tense: Consonants

113 113 115 :~ :~ 118 119 122
e4a"to, 13

Adverb of Time and Place - 0\S:.:l1) 0\;.jll 0}b

-

-

75

Past tense table of - j;J Past tense table of - ~

e4a"to,6

Demonstrative Pronoun Near Distance Far Distance -

0.. .1:]1
\

r-:~

77

Past tense table of - ~ The use of _ Jj

~A ~~U:]I...:1: ~~U:]I ,

······· 78
78

d

Relative Pronouns -

J~_;jl

r-:~

e4a"to, 1

Verbal Sentence - J=!~I U4-1 85 Hamzated Verbs - j~1 89 II amza h as fiirst ra d· 1rca
~I
1(,~ U"-' 1 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

125

e4a"to, I~

e4a"to,8

131 131 132 133
0'

Interrogative Pronouns - i\~~:0:]1
,t

r-:~

e4a"to,9

Hamzah 'as middle radica195 IIamzah as third radical -

JL
e4a"t 1fj

Possessive Phrase -

Q~:]I ~_;JI
e4a"t~' 10 e o? ,-

b

Descriptive Phrase - ~_);.ll

0_;JI

101

Weak Verbs 1- JI=::JIJ~~I - Assimilated Verb - J\4l1

135 136

e4a"t

0'

11

'1"1 A ssmn·1ate d waw - 0_)i_,lIJ~1 . re
107
Content

Simple Nominal Sentence - J=~: ]141 :
6

'1'1 A SSlml ate d yaa - t5yl. J'. ·1 re 41
7

,

138
Content

......;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; of the QUR'AN Learning Arabic Language eAapttlr 16

......

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;O;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;i;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;...............

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN
,....~ ,-;.

Hamzah as second radical ~ Jl:, : J~ 141 141 The Imperfect Tens 146
J:;;;
0 0

187 188 191

Weak Verbs II ~

H~: J~ :11

'JI - Hollow Verb ~ Jfi- 'JI

Hamzah as third radical ~

b :~
eAapttlr 23
0...

The Hollow Waw ~ L>_JIJlI Jft.''11 The Hollow Yaa ~ J~I Jfi- 'JI
eAapttlr 11

Weak Verbs ~ ,iI~;:JIJw'11 QWI Assimilated Verb ~ J~I

~o

191 191 191 195 196 196 198 200 200 201

Weak Verbs III ~ &I~::JI ~'JI - Defective Verb ~ ~WI J The Defective Waw ~ L>_JIJlI ~WI. The Defective Yaa ~ J~I ~WI
eAapttlr 18

149 149 151

The Assimilated Waw ~ L>_)\}I J~I. The Assimilated Yaa ~ JYI J~I Hollow Verb ~ Jft.''1I

Doubly Weak Verb ~ J~~UI
eAapttlr 19

159

The Hollow Waw ~ L>_JIJlI 'JI JfiT he Hollow Yaa ~ 0~1 0ft '11
J
(I

s-

JC

Double Lettered Verbs ~ ~WI
eAapttlt 20

163

Defective Verb ~ ~WI The defective Waw ~ L>_JIJlI ~WI The defective Y aa ~ J~I ~WI

Verbs with fixed prepositions ~ 4~:;]1j..1 :

~_)?E J~ \11.

167

The Present Tense

~,LW'~I
" __

eAapttlr 21

177
CI!:._°fi

eAapttlr 2~

Consonant Verbs ~ ~I The Imperfect Tense Hamzated Verbs ~ j~1

Jw ~I
eAapttlr 22

177 " 185 185 185
Content

The Imperfect Tense Doubly Weak Verb ~, ;'~~UI ~ QWI ,

209 209

LW,
_.. ¢ ... ~,~

eAapttlr 2~

The Imperfect Tense Double Lettered Verbs ~ u.cWI
9

213 ~~ QWI. 213
Content

Hamzah as first radical ~ §I :§~
8

..... ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

~

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

....................................................

--

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

The Superlative -

J: 9-~~1\

r~
eAapter 66 eAapter 61

.440

The Elative - ~~\

r~

.443

Forewo

The Numbers and its usage - ~\:.;:.: t _;.::;_;j\ The Cardinal Numbers The Ordinal Numbers The Fractions - ~\ The Distributive Adjectives -

.447 .447 .460 .462 The message of the Qur' an is addressed to the entire human kind in Arabic language. Almighty Allah says:

-~L~\ _;.::;_;j\ •••.•••.•••••.•.••••••.•.•.•.•••.•.•••
~_:,u\ -~
_;.::;_;j\ ••.•.•••.•.•.•.•.• : ••••.•.•.•.•.•.•.•.•.

~~J.l\

0~\

.463

"We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur'an that you may understand." (12:2) Arabic is a beautiful language. Every Verse in the Holy Qur'an that was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (P.B.D.H.) in Arabic some 1400 years ago is a specimen of eloquence. For the believers, the Qur'an was opening a new world where evil had to be rejected and virtue promoted. The non-believers, on the other hand, could sense the "magical effects" of the Qur'an but did not want to change their lives. Therefore, wherever they .ame across recitation of the Qur'an they tried to block their xirs with the fingers. The appreciation of the beauty of the Qur'anic language 'ould be gained through perfect understanding of Arabic. But Ihr a Muslim, it is not just eloquence or the beauty of the language that matters. He or she would like to go deeper into its meaning h 'cause it is the message that one wishes to imbibe in life.
17 Foreword

eAapter 68

The Substitute -

J.01
eAapter 69

.469

Various Unorthodox Verbs - o~~\ The Verb (not to be) - ~

~

_<l ~ J.l

J~ ~\

-

.471 .471

The Verb of Praise and Blame - f3J\j (JJ\
" '!

J~\

.473 .474 .475

The Verbs of WonderThe Verb (may be) - ~

~\ ;

J~\
eAapter 10

Five Magnified Nouns -

~_;s:.j\J' :i\ ;L:.:., ~\

.477

1'6

Content

Learning Arabic Language of the OUR'AN

Learning Arabic Language of the OUR'AN

inspiration and my best friend. My children who were very young when I started learning the language bore the brunt of this challenging task smilingly which I had undertaken and carried on for long years. My prayers and special thanks are to them. Over and above, I am indebted to my husband Mr. Syed Abdul Mutakabbir Arshad, an avid reader of Islamic literature, who has been a pillar of strength aU through my life. Without his un stinted support and encouragement I could not have learnt Arabic grammar, interacted with people, taught my students and also write this book.

WORD, NOUN, VERB
Word-~I

In spite of all the efforts I have made and the help I have
received, some mistakes in the book might have gone unnoticed. Please, direct my attention so that they could be corrected in the future editions. I will be awaiting your response as well as prayers. word is a unit of spoken or written language. lisomple: A book ~ He knew He wrote
,

,~.:iS'

Kinds of Words - ~I
,I

.

t'~t
~

l'h 're are three kinds of words: Noun Verb Particle Nuun- r-:~I:
III

,~
J

')II

~I

0)-1
A Noun is the name of a person, animal, place,

thing.
31

30

Acknowledgment

Learning Arabic Language of the OUR'AN

Learning Arabic Language of the OUR'AN

Examples:

Particle -

J~\ : It is a word

which does not convey complete

meaning when it stands alone. It gives meaning to a sentence only when it is used with a verb or a noun. The particle does not
~
fj ~/;

Muhammad Stone Horse Garden Palm Fire Bird Neck

{j

0

,....

.r+;

Sun Night Morning Doomsday Elephant Rope City Spring/Eye Star

indicate the past, present or future tense. Examples: From From/About

{i .........

.ft'->
{j ,....-:

ttJ
~~

{j,...

,....

iff
Ij~

~
Ij

-~~
~

~w
Ij

NOUN
Nouns are divided into two kinds.

-~;1
J•

U
J
IjU

~~

j,
1;
~
{io .....


Indefinite Definite

~~I

t_;.:JI
~I..:.:t) are names given in general to a

fi;
Ij,

Indefinite Nouns (.~I

living or non-living thing (common nouns). Indefinite nouns end with nunnation (,))31 '" Example:

~
{j
0 .,...

~.J

Face

~

-

'"

!')

Verb-~I: future tense. Example:

A verb denotes action in relation to past, present or

rt_;l
He opened He hits

Woman Fish Water Kingdom
33

~\.:.:.,
~ 0\

Sky Earth Form Mountain
1: Word, Noun, Verb

@
L~
0,... 0,

Jl:.:
~l; ~
1: Word, Noun, Verb
{j
0 ,

~J

~ ..... 0

Listen Don't help

OJ_y.C'

Y

~

.

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

NUMBER -

~~I

Singular, Dual and Plurals
III "nglish there is only singular and plural. However, there are three numbers in Arabic: Singular Dual Plural )).:jl Ji:11 ~I
,
},

I It . dual is formed by adding the suffix fatha, alif and noon with nsruh (yl"':::") in the nominative case (r_)1 JJI.,;.) and fatha, ukoon and noon with kasra (..;-;;-) in both the accusative and

uitive case for masculine nouns.

umples of masculine duals:

~

l}

.~

-

A Muslim

Two Muslims

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

Learning Arabic Language of the QUR'AN

Accusative A Muslim
~

I'\" tmples:

Two Muslims Genitive Two Muslims

A Muslim Examples:

(J.l\

DI;.)

"We have assigned to one of them two gardens of grapes." (18: 32)

~L~\j~~5~ .....".~...... .... ~ " ,....

\il.\l2/~ _);.. ~r

~~~~~~r\i;

.jC ~_; ~

"And as for the wall, it belongs to two orphan boys in the city." (18: 82) For feminine ... , the nouns end in " 0 " (.u;~_rJ\ ~\.;.l\ ). This changes to an ordinary and

"And for him who feared to stand before his Fosterer are two gardens." (55:46) II.rc are two types of plurals in Arabic: . Sound plural . Broken plural II• S und Plural
II. .uline

"l/--:;-" will be added as in masculine

"0 "

in the dual. The suffixes '_'SJ\":::"" duals.

HL:J\ ~
~\ ~ of sound plural

(HL:J\ &\) : In the formation

original form of the noun does not change. It has different and feminine forms and is formed by suffixing dammah,

w with sukoon and noon withfatha "0j..2.." in nominative, and
~

"

A Muslim woman

.

0~ ~ ~ Two Muslim women

Nominative

tsruh, yaa with sukoon and noon with fatha
umples of masculine Sound Plurals:

(~J\ ;JI;.)
Accusative (~\ ;JI;.)
J~

~

J~

"0=-:;-" in the

usutive and genitive cases to the end of the masculine nouns.

LL::
A Muslim woman
~~ ~

st.:--~
~" ~ ~"

.0;:,

\0:

Two Muslim women

(Case)

Genitive

A Muslim woman

Two Muslim women

(J.l\

DI;.)
A Muslim

i..)

.~

~

u~
~.'

J\

c

J •

Nominative

Two Muslims
43

Muslims
2: Number

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