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The Modular Terminal

THE MODULAR TERMINAL

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Contents Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Introduction Background The Modular Terminal Concept Capacity & Functional Design Costs Management & Operation Summary Manser Practice – Background MPD Group – Background

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1

Introduction
The rapid growth in the air transport market worldwide is creating a number of challenges. In particular, in many countries, the pace of development of the physical airport infrastructure to support the demand is far too slow resulting in inadequate facilities for airline passengers. This Proposal sets out a solution for tackling this problem in terms of providing the physical capacity required to process passengers in a modern, stylish and cost efficient way. The modular terminal design outlined in this Proposal is already in operation at Southampton International Airport in the UK and it is therefore a proven and successful concept which can easily and quickly be applied to other countries worldwide.

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The Modular Terminal Concept
MPD has worked for many years with The Manser Practice (TMP) who are leaders in the design and development of high quality, stylish and cost effective airport terminal buildings. TMP specialises in transport related infrastructure and has recently completed a major extension to the existing terminal building at Norwich International Airport as well as creating a number of passenger terminal buildings for ferry companies including the Southampton cruise terminal. All of these designs incorporate simple, stylish design with an emphasis on functionality. The Modular terminal building was designed originally for client BAA plc for use at Southampton International Airport in the UK. The design brief called for:‘A terminal building which should be low-cost, high-value, and to a standard appropriate for a regional airport building’ A target price was set (and achieved) which was 50% of the unit rate normally achieved on the development of ‘gateway’ airports. The reduction in cost was achieved by a number of design solutions:-

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Background
The world aviation industry has historically shown continuous growth in recent years. Positive economic factors, including high GDP growth, industrial performance, corporate profitability and expansion, higher disposable incomes, and growth in consumer spending have been (in combination with wider availability of low fares) key drivers of this growth. Despite recent economic events, growth continues, particularly in developing countries where a rapid solution needs to be found to the problem of inadequate airport infrastructure, and in particular a lack of efficient airport terminal buildings as well as their management and operation. This Proposal sets out more details of a tried and tested modular airport terminal concept which can easily be developed anywhere in the world and which is an elegant solution for many regional airports.

Rather than build a double height space over the whole area of the building, the roof lowers at the edges, further reducing the external walls but retaining a comfortable height in the public areas.

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Centrally located plant rooms allow easy distribution to all areas. The building’s form also facilitates ease of future expansion.

The main advantages of the MODULAR TERMINAL are:-

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It can be built at approximately half the price of traditional airport terminal buildings. It can be expanded as and when required (modular design) with no disruption to existing operations. It is relatively quick to construct. It is a high quality, stylish and modern design. It can either be air-conditioned or self-ventilating. It is already proven, having operated successfully at Southampton International Airport since 1996.

The pictures below illustrate the MODULAR terminal building in use at Southampton International Airport.

The Architects’ Journal in the UK gave the following description:‘Stylish, modern and flexible Southampton terminal is a successful prototype for the low-cost regional airport of the future’ A recent article in the UK’s Observer Newspaper commented that:‘The Manser Practice's Southampton airport is modern, small, convenient: a neat architectural complement to the new generation of intelligent, flexible, responsive airlines’

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The terminal in operation at Southampton International Airport in the UK

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The terminal is a modern design featuring extensive use of glass and steel

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Interior spaces are light and airy

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4

Capacity & Functional Design
In terms of capacity, the building can initially be constructed to handle 500,000 passengers per annum and can be extended to handle up to (and beyond) 2,500,000 annual passengers, depending upon the number of additional bays added to the original unit. The terminal building is designed in such a way that it can easily be adapted for the climate in various regions of the world, for example:-

Functionally, the building is split longitudinally into arrivals and departures and can be configured for domestic as well as international flights, depending on client requirements. This arrangement allows landside access along one side of the building enabling a long kerb for drop off and pick up as well as providing direct access from the building to the aircraft. As a low cost terminal, airbridges are not provided as most low cost operators prefer faster turnarounds from walking/busing passengers to and from the aircraft.

The structure of the building can be either steel or concrete whilst the cladding sheeting is common throughout the world. The building can be adapted in order to improve its performance in earthquake conditions. The deep overhanging eaves reduce heat gain and make it possible for some areas of the building to be naturally ventilated – thereby reducing operating costs – as illustrated in the diagram below:-

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These sketches illustrate how the basic structural elements can be achieved in either steel or a combination of steel and reinforced concrete

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Further detail on roof construction and options to suit the local environment

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The drawings above illustrate a cross section through the building and how the building appears in relation to its surroundings

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The building’s plan view shows areas allocated to each function – the building’s flexibility means that these areas can be varied in size according to requirements

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5

Costs
The costs of the terminal building will clearly depend upon the size of the initial module. As an example, an initial terminal module capable of handling up to 750,000 annual passengers would have a floor area of approximately 6,000 square metres. An area of 12,000 square metres would provide additional processing space (for over 1 million passengers) and additional space for commercial activities (in addition to the already generous retail provision), VIP rooms etc. The total cost for development of this size of terminal in Europe would be approximately £15 million. In developing countries, due to lower labour costs, the terminal can be constructed for substantially less. These costs exclude specialist equipment such as baggage handling systems and are indicative first level estimates only. Costs may also vary worldwide due to different local taxes. However, the costs provide an initial estimate for a 12,000 square metre building.

Importantly, management of the terminals by MPD will enable maximisation of retail and other commercial-related revenues which will be required in order to cover the initial investment. In addition to providing full service management contracts and the placement of an individual management resource, MPD can offer advice on the many individual elements of airport management and operation, including:-

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Management & Operation
MPD has an excellent track record of adding substantial value to airport management and operation. Client requirements will vary in terms of operation and whether modular terminal(s) will coexist (or replace) existing operations at target airports. However, together with The Manser Practice, MPD can offer a full design, build and operate package which will ensure that the terminals are built and operated to clearly defined standards.

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Airfield operations & compliance Airline liaison and negotiation Tour Operator liaison and negotiation Airfreight management and handling General Aviation Terminal management and planning Passenger handling Retail and Catering management and liaison Car parking administration Property management Aircraft Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) Asset repair and maintenance Airport security Safety Management Systems (SMS) Human resource planning Ramp Handling and roster management Local air traffic control management Government liaison (National and Local) Publicity and Public Relations

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There are a number of options for the design, development, management, operation and funding of the modular terminal, depending upon the client’s exact requirements. The simplest model is for MPD and The Manser Practice to design and develop one or more terminal buildings to the client’s requirements and then to operate the terminal buildings on behalf of client and/or other parties for an agreed period of time. In terms of a funding structure for the development of the terminal building, the capital costs of each development would be recovered from the airport’s operating revenues including enhanced revenue streams from improved retail facilities, advertising, redeveloped car parking facilities etc. Airlines using the terminal could also pay a ‘per passenger fee’, although it is expected that this fee will be relatively small. A similar model has been used in the UK under the UK Government’s Private Finance Initiative (PFI) for funding new facilities at publicly owned assets. This model was employed successfully at Inverness Airport in Scotland which is owned by the Government. A PFI initiative there brought private sector capital and expertise in to develop and operate a new terminal building. This development has had a significant effect in terms of traffic generation with many new airlines serving the airport as a result of its enhanced terminal facilities.

In addition, MPD has the experience and necessary skills to operate and manage the terminals once they have been constructed. Although initially designed for a UK airport, the design of the terminal means it can be developed anywhere in the world and can be tailored to local conditions.

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Background to the Manser Practice
The Manser Practice is a medium sized Architectural and Interior Design business with offices in London and Leeds and with Projects all over the world. The Company has been established for nearly 50 years. Transportation projects have formed a large part of the portfolio over the last 25 years with a range of building and infrastructure projects including train stations, ferry and cruise terminals, airports and air terminal buildings. Airport Projects include work at Terminal 1 Heathrow and the design of the ‘Heads of State and Royalty’ Terminal at Heathrow. The Practice also designed the award winning Heathrow Hilton hotel at Terminal 4. At Southampton airport the Company was responsible for the master plan for the redevelopment of the airport and carried out the concept and detailed design of the award winning terminal building. Recent projects include the enlargement of Norwich International Airport in Norfolk and the master planning and redevelopment of Maastricht Aachen Airport in the Netherlands. Almost all projects in both Airports and Ports have required simple economic but good looking passenger interchanges, often

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Summary
This Proposal sets out how a modern, stylish and economical terminal building can be developed and operated. The concept is already proven, having been in operation at Southampton International Airport for a number of years.

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linked to other forms of public transport and always carried out whilst maintaining existing operational facilities. Through its airport work, port work and work for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (recently completed project in Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Pakistan and now on site in Zimbabwe) the Manser Practice has an up-to-date and informed understanding of International Security issues. The Company has recently completed a new concept hotel ‘Yotel` in the South terminal at Gatwick Airport and is now on site with further Yotels at Heathrow, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and Frankfurt airports. These are at the cutting edge of new developments in airport design.

experience at both regional and national airport organisations of all sizes. Airport management and operation can range from specific advice on an individual element of an airport’s operation through comprehensive management contracts to the provision of a dedicated full time or interim management resource. The principal activities offered include:-

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A full asset management contracting role. The provision of dedicated management resource on an interim or full time basis. Specific advice on one or more of the ‘elements’ of airport operation and management.

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Background to MPD
MPD was formed in February 2000 in order to provide advisory services to the airport and air transport industries. Since then the Company has established an excellent reputation for providing independent, innovative, high quality specialist airport consultancy advice to clients in many countries worldwide. Its strategy is to focus on three core areas and these are as follows:-

Airport Advisory
MPD can address a wide range of airport client requirements but the Group’s core specialist areas are:-

Transaction Support Services Transaction Support covers a range of different disciplines but essentially comprises the provision of advice and support in relation to airport acquisition and disposal. Institutional Issues, Strategy, Policy & Regulation Includes high-level reviews of institutional arrangements, and advice on airport strategy, airports policy, economic regulation and competition policy. Airport Business Planning & Enhancement Includes the development of business plans for new and existing businesses as well as business planning for acquisition or disposal.

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Airport Management and Operation Airport Advisory Airport Investment & Acquisition

Airport Management and Operation
MPD offers extensive experience in all aspects of airport management and operation; its directors have board level

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Also includes our AIRPORT HEALTH CHECK© service which evaluates airport businesses under a range of criteria and recommends solutions for greater business efficiency.

MPD has the ability to offer a full scope of services through airport identification and evaluation, business planning, forecasting and valuation, due diligence, airport acquisition and airport management and operation.

Air Traffic Forecasting Includes market demand study, reviews of airline plans and specific route forecasts as well as short, medium and long term air traffic forecasts for airport capacity planning, airport strategy and for due diligence. Airport Development Fee Analysis, implementation and monitoring of an Airport Development Fee (ADF), which is collected directly by the airport in order to fund future capital expenditure requirements. Airfreight Development Includes strategic evaluation of airfreight opportunities, airfreight forecasting, industry liaison (airlines, forwarders, shippers), airfreight handling advice and advice on facilities design.

MPD Group Limited 8 Duncannon Street London WC2N 4JF Phone: +44 207 484 5029 Fax: +44 207 990 9511 E-mail: cdavies@mpdgroup.com

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Airport Investment & Acquisition
MPD works closely with a number of funding institutions, including banks, private equity houses, venture capital companies, investment trusts and high net worth individuals. MPD provides advice to these companies on airport transactions and on airport strategy when funding institutions do not possess detailed knowledge of the airport industry. MPD provides a complementary resource for institutions interested in acquiring or developing airport assets. MPD can also invest alongside institutions in acquiring airport assets where there is a clear role for its management, operational and advisory skills.

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