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1950 – Pakistan becomes the third non-communist country, and first Muslim one, to recognize the People's Republic of China. 1951 – Beijing and Karachi establish diplomatic relations. 1963 – Pakistan cedes the Trans-Karakoram Tract to China, ending border disputes. 1970 – Pakistan helps the U.S. arrange the 1972 Nixon visit to China. 1978 – The Karakoram Highway linking the mountainous Northern Pakistan with Western China officially opens. 1980s – China and the U.S. provide support through Pakistan to the Afghan guerrillas fighting Soviet occupational forces. 1986 – China and Pakistan reach a comprehensive nuclear co-operation agreement. 1996 – Chinese President Jiang Zemin pays a state visit to Pakistan. 1999 – A 300-megawatt nuclear power plant, built with Chinese help in Punjab province, is completed. 2001 – A joint-ventured Chinese-Pakistani tank, the MBT-2000 (Al-Khalid) MBT is completed. 2002 – The building of the Gwadar deep sea port begins, with China as the primary investor. 2003 – Pakistan and China signed a $110 million contract for the construction of a housing project on Multan Road in Lahore 2007 – The Sino-Pakistani joint-ventured multirolefighter aircraft – the JF-17 Thunder (FC-1 Fierce Dragon) is formally rolled out. 2008 – Pakistan welcomes the Chinese Olympic Torch in an Islamabad sports stadium, under heavy guard amidst security concerns. 2008 – China and Pakistan sign a free trade agreement. 2008 – Pakistan and China to build a railway through the Karakoram Highway, in order to link China's rail network to Gwadar Port. 2008 – The F-22Pfrigate, comes into service with the Pakistani Navy. 2009 – The ISI arrest several suspected Uyghur terrorists seeking refuge in Pakistan. 2010 – Pakistan and China conduct a joint anti-terrorism drill. 2010 – China donates $260 million in dollars to flood hit Pakistan and sends 4 military rescue helicopters to assist in rescue operations. 2010 – Wen Jiabao visits Pakistan. More than 30 billion dollars worth of deals were signed. 2011 – Pakistan is expected to buy air to air SD 10 missiles from China for its 250 JF 17 thunder fighter fleet
Pakistan and China will ink accords in the areas of economy, technology and defence during Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani’s official visit to China, Pakistan’s ambassador to China Masood Khan said on Tuesday. In an exclusive interview with APP, the Ambassador said Prime Minister Gilani’s visit starting today is important both “symbolically and substantially” with the two countries arriving at a number of important pacts. Ambassador Masood Khan said a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) will be signed between China Banking Regulatory Authority and State Bank of Pakistan.He said Pakistan and China will sign an Agreement in economic and technical cooperation, while the specific areas will be further worked upon. He said both Prime Minister Gilani and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao will witness the signing of accords in Beijing.The ambassador said the Prime Minister’s visit would follow a four-tier agenda having political, cultural, economic and science and technology dimensions. He said Prime Minister Gilani has been especially invited to inaugurate the mega event of International Cultural Forum in Shanghai, in connection with the celebrations of the 60th anniversary of Pak-China diplomatic relations. He said the Forum is aimed at promoting harmony among the nations besides striving for common development. Masood Khan said Prime Minister Gilani will also visit China Academy of Space Technology and the site of China Great Wall Industry Corporation where PAKSAT-1R is being manufactured to be launched on Pakistan’s independence day on August 14 which is a survelleance satellite and helps a lot in defense improved technology. The People's Republic of China enjoys strong defense ties with Pakistan. This relationship between two adjoining Asian countries is important in the world's geo-strategic alliances. The strong defense ties are primarily to counter regional Indian and American influence, and was also to repel Soviet influence in the area. In recent years this relationship has strengthened through ongoing defence projects and agreements between Pakistan and China. China also fully supported Pakistan in its 1965 war against India. Chinese pressure on India enabled Pakistan to accept ceasefire in a better position than it would have been. The Chinese were of less help in the 1971 war as the Soviets had agreed to deal with China, if it helped Pakistan. However, soon after the war China wrote off some of the loans it had given to Pakistan. Since 1962, China has been a steady source of military equipment to the Pakistani Army, helping establish amunition factories, providing technological assistance and modernizing existing facilities. The countries are involved in the joint venture of several projects to enhance military and weaponry systems, which include collaborating in the development of JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft, K-8 Karakorum advance training aircraft, space technology, AWACS systems, AlKhalid tanks and the Babur cruise missile. The armies have a schedule for organising joint military exercises.
China is the largest investor in the Gwadar Deep Sea Port, which is strategically located at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz. It is viewed warily by both America and India as a possible launchpad for Chinese naval operations in the Indian Ocean. However the Gwadar Port is currently delayed due to a multilateral diplomatic standoff between the project leaders and the Singapore government. China has offered Pakistan military aid in order to fight against terrorism in Pakistan. Pakistan has purchased military equipment from China in order to bolster their efforts against Islamic militants. In the past, China has played a major role in the development of Pakistan's nuclear infrastructure, especially when increasingly stringent export controls in Western countries made it difficult for Pakistan to acquire materials and uranium enriching equipment from elsewhere. China has supplied Pakistan with equipment to advance their nuclear weapons program, such as the Chinese help in building the Khushab reactor, which plays a key role in Pakistan's production of plutonium. A subsidiary of the China National Nuclear Corporation contributed in Pakistan's efforts to expand its uranium enrichment capabilities by providing 5,000 custom made ring magnets, which are a key component of the bearings that facilitate the high-speed rotation of centrifuges. China has also provided technical and material support in the completion of the Chashma Nuclear Power Complex and plutonium reprocessing facility, which was built in the mid 1990s. China may also have supplied nuclear technology to the Pakistanis, enabling Pakistan to become a nuclear state with an estimated 100 warheads as of 2011. China has become increasing concerned about al-Qaeda linked terrorism originating in Pakistan and is seeking to setup military bases on Pakistani soil to deal with the problem.
Type 054A Jiangkai-II Stealth Frigate:
Pakistani Defense Minister, Chaudhry Ahmad Mukhtar has said that China has also agreed to provide loan for the purchase of the Chinese 4400 ton frigate. This agreement will clear the financial problems of the Pakistan Navy and it will be able to purchase new generation stealth Type 054A Jiangkai II Multi-Role frigate which is equipped with the HQ-16 Medium-Range Air Defence Missiles. Chinese HQ-16 Surface to Air missile have range of over 50 kilometers launched from 32 vertical launch system (VLS) and is far more superior then the FM-90N surface-to-air missile (SAM) used on the F-22P Zulfiquar class frigate. Frigate will also use 8 C-802A or C-803 antiship missiles which have range in excess of 180km. Type 054A Jiangkai II frigate is designed with stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar.
Pakistan and China has also agreed to provide training to the personal of the Pakistan Navy on the Chinese submarines. Pakistani and China has already agreed earlier this year to jointly development and co-production of diesel electric submarines fitted with the Air Independent Propulsion to meet Pakistan Navy’s long standing requirement of six new generation of submarines. Unconfirmed news from Indian sources also suggest that Pakistan and China has also discussed the possibility of leasing a Chinese nuclear powered attack submarine SSN to Pakistan Navy for limited time period.
Prime Minister Yusuf RazaGilani has also asked Chinese counterpart to pursue PLAAF (Peoples Liberation Army Air Force) to induct JF-17 Thunder fighter jets in their air fleet. He said that this will bring lot of publicity for JF-17 Thunder which will be good for exports and further decrease the cost. The impressive JF-17 (Thunder) jointly co-developed (by PAF & CATIC), and co-produced by PAC (Pakistan Aeronautical Complex) and CATIC (China Aero-technology Import Export Corporation) has been put up for static as well as aerial display in the Air Show. Four months later in November 10, three JF-17s flew over to China to participate in Zhuhai Air Show, where the aircraft made its first ever aerobatics display. In June 11, three JF-17s participated in aerobatics and static display in 100-years Celebrations of Turkish Air Force. At present, JF-17 aircraft stands prominent in its own class of fighters. In the present environment, when defence budgets are shrinking and Air Forces face difficulties in affording modern combat aircraft, JF-17 offers a highly cost effective solution with cutting edge capabilities. In the shape of JF-17 aircraft, Pakistan Aeronautical Complex and CATIC offer a cost- effective, highly potent, multi-role combat aircraft which is capable of meeting the challenges of present and future Air Power employment.
Pakistan and China has also agreed on the co-production of second batch of the JF-17 thunder aircraft for the Pakistan air force with advance avionics. Pakistan, China likely to ink agreement on JF-17 Thunder BEIJING: Pakistan and China are expected to sign an agreement today (Thursday) for the provision of 50 JF-17 thunder aircraft to Pakistan on emergency basis, it has been learnt by Daily Times. According to official sources, these aircraft will be equipped with sophisticated avionics. Not only will the aircraft be handed over within weeks, China will also foot the bill initially. Although Pakistan and China have been jointly developed this multirole combat aircraft in the past, in the aftermath of the US operation in Abbottabad, serious questions have been raised about Pakistan’s defence capabilities. According to a strategic expert, the speedy delivery of 50 pieces of this aircraft, originally to be done over two years, is expected to allay apprehensions of not only the Pakistani public but will also send a message to the world that Pakistan’s defence is not weak. It might be remembered that not only has the Indian military chief speculated on the
possibility of a US-style strike from the Indian side to take out jihadi outfits in Pakistan, there has been escalation on the Pakistan-India border near Sialkot recently. Also, observers believe that in a situation when the speculations are rife that Pakistan may not be able to resist another US attack inside its territory if it so decides, this agreement will send a clear message to the world on which side China stands. ishratsaleem
FC-20 Fighter Jets: Pakistani Defense Minister, Chaudhry Ahmad Mukhtar has confirmed that Chinese friends have agreed to the Pakistani request to provide FC-20 fighter jet to the Pakistan Air Force.
FC-20 is an export version of the Chinese J-10B is a multirole fighter jet which was developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation (CAC) for the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). J-10B was first time promoted to the Pakistan in 2006 during the visit of then President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf who was allowed to sit in the cockpit of J-10B. This made him the first foreign head of state to see the aircraft even before its existence was officially recognized.
On 12 April 2006 the Pakistani federal cabinet allowed Pakistan Air Force (PAF) to start negotiations for the initial purchase of 36 J-10Bs under designations of FC-20. Since then Pakistan Air Force has requested our Chinese friends to develop an improved version to meet the Pakistani requirements of high end front line fighter jet. In 2009, Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Mehmood Ahmed, then Chief of the Air Staff of the PAF confirmed the Pakistani interest in purchase of at lease two squadrons of FC-20 in initial phase. The Chinese government “assured us of help in removing hurdles in the way of Pakistan’s progress”, the Defence Minister said. Source: Pakistan Military Review, Dawn News http://www.gauntletwarbirds.com/?gclid=CMGMva7lx7ACFcwNtAod3AedVw
Two Ships of Pakistan Navy arrive in China Date :19-07-2011 QINGDAO, July 19(APP): A warm welcome was accorded to two Chinese built Pakistan Navy ships, PNS Shamsher and PNS Nasr when they arrived at Qingdao naval port Tuesday morning.The ships were received by a large group of Peoples Liberation Army (PLA)Navy officers, officials of the Pakistan Embassy as well as general public including local school children and media personnel.The reception team of PLA Navy was headed by Rear Admiral Sun, Deputy Commander North Sea Fleet. Chief of Staff of Pakistan Navy, Vice Admiral
AsifSandila was also present on the occasion. Later, Pakistan Navy delegation also met North Sea Fleet Commander, Vice Admiral Tian Zhong and Mayor of Qingdao, Xia Geng. The delegation also visited PLA Navy ships, submarines and training units. Qingdao, the capital of Shandong province, is a major seaport, naval base,and industrial centre of eastern China. AIRCRAFT CARRIER SAILED
BEIJING - China's refitted aircraft carrier sailed for its second sea trial on Tuesday for relevant scientific research and experiments, Chinese Ministry of National Defense said in a press release. According to the press release, prior to sailing, the aircraft carrier had completed all the refitting and testing work as scheduled after its first sea trial in August.The carrier was originally built by the former Soviet Union which named it Varyag, yet failed to complete the ship's construction before collapsing in 1991. The still-unnamed aircraft carrier was an empty shell. Ukraine disarmed it and removed its engines before selling it to China. The vessel, an Admiral Kuznetsov class aircraft carrier which measures 304.5 meters long and 37 meters wide, with a displacement of 58,500 metric tons, has been totally refitted for its new role as a research and training platform in China. According to reports, more than 100 Chinese engineers are currently working in Pakistan to upgrade Pakistan's current satellite program. It is worth mentioning at this point that Pakistan and China are also working together on the advanced weapons system including JF-D Fighter Planes and F-22P Frigate.
References: 1- Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan’s Premier NEWS Agency ) – Pakistan, China to ink economic, defence accords