Mining Industry reasons: KSA:     The growing awareness of the importance of mining industries and the gradual depletion

of oil reserves. Most GCC countries eye alternative energy resources and some of them already appointed international consultants and conducted surveys to explore the possibility of developing mineral industries Many analysts believe that miming industry will become one of the major contributors to GDPs in the Gulf region within a short span of time. In Saudi Arabia researches proved that it has more than 35 types of minerals including 20 million tons of gold, 60 million ton of copper and 10 billion tons of phosphate. The Sultanate of Oman is also said to be abundant with mineral wealth. The ministry of oil and mineral wealth in Saudi Arabia has a long term strategy for mineral exploration. It also established a central data base on minerals that include the researches, studies and geological maps conducted up to date. The ministry also established a number of mining complexes at its different parts in a bid to provide healthy and secure investment environment. Studies and exploration works proved that more than 800 locations that contain gold are not yet utilized including Mahd Al Zahab area which was inaugurated at the reign of late Kign Fahd bin Abdul Aziz. The area, about 180 km east of Jeddah , contains about 20 million tons of gold. Copper was also found at Mahd al Zahab and Aqiq region as well as south of Umlog. Iron was also found at Wadi Fatimah north east of of Makkah and north of Bisha. Silver was found at north of Qunfidah. Radioactive minerals are found in granite rocks in the western regions. Abundant reserves of Phosphate are also found in North of the Kingdom. Researches point out that Saudi Arabia is abundant with mineral wealth. The Kingdom government has initiated a comprehensive program for exploration and utilization of minerals.

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Oman:  Oman's mineral resources include chromate, dolomite, zinc, limestone, gypsum, silicon, copper, gold, cobalt and iron. Several industries have grown up around them as part of the national development process, which, in turn, have boosted the minerals sector’s contribution to the nation’s GDP as well as providing jobs for Omanis. Copper has been mined in Oman for thousands of years.  Studies conducted in collaboration with UN evidenced about 122 million reserves of coal. The Sultanate annually produces 0.5 – 0.6 million tons of coals Yemen:  As surveys confirm the existence of large quantities of gold in Hadramout Valley towns and an estimated 687,000-ton geological reserve containing about 15 tons of gold. Gold also is present among rocks in Sana’a, Abyan, AlJawf and Al-Beidha areas.  Surveys confirm the existence of about four million tons of copper and nickel in north of Mukalla and in the Hamoura area of Taiz governorate  Old silver mines were discovered in Radhradh area in Nahm, as well as discovery of significant zinc and lead mineral ores in a reserve estimated at about 3,073 million tons. The reserve contains an average of 15.3 percent zinc and 1.6 percent lead, as well as 155 kilos of sedimentary rock in the southern end, particularly in Shabwa and Masilah.

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