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# DALTONS LAW OF PARTIAL PRESSURE

## AMAGATS LAW OF PARTIAL VOLUME

T and P are constant Volume fraction = mole fraction VT = VA + VB +VC +

GIVEN:
GAS MIXTURE CH7 C2H6 C3H8 COMPOSITION 87% 12% 1%

REQUIRED:

%comp. in wt. %comp. in vol. V(m3) if m=80 kg, T = 90C, P = 600kPa Density at STP (kg/m3)

CONDENSABLE GAS
Vapor, liquid at room temperature

NONCONDENSABLE GAS
Gas, gases at room temperature

## SATURATION (PP = PV)

Partial pressure of the vapor is equal to the vapor

## UNSATURATION (PP < PV)

Partial pressure of the vapor is less than the vapor

## pressure at specified temperature

DEW POINT
Temperature at which the vapor starts to

condense Example: dew point = 300C [H2O] PH2O = PVH2O at 300C Vapor pressure calculation (Antoine Equation) ln(p) = A B/C + T

## RELATIVE SATURATION (RS)

Defined as the partial pressure of the vapor

divided by the vapor pressure of the vapor at the temperature of the gas.

## MOLAL SATURATION (Sm)

The ratio of the moles of vapor to the moles of

vapor-free gas

## ABSOLUTE SATURATION (Sabs)

Weight of vapor per weight vapor-free gas

## PERCENTAGE SATURATION (%S)

If a gas at 600C and 101.6 kPa, has a molal humidity of 0.030, determine:
the relative humidity
the dew point of the gas (in 0C)

## PV @ 600C = 148.29 mmHg

Given:
RH = 85% PV @ 900F = 35.64mmHg T = 90 0F PT = 14.696 psia= 760 mmHg Required: a) Hm b) Habs c) Saturation temperature

## Transformation of a liquid into a vapor in a non-condensable gas.

ENTERING, E
Dry gas or Dry gas, water vapor

VAPOR, V

## Change of a vapor in a non-condensable gas to liquid.

ENTERING, E LEAVING, L (dry gas, water vapor) saturated

## Dry gas, water vapor

CONDENSATE, C

E, AIR CONDENSER V=30 m T= 1000C P=98.6kPa Dew pt. = 300C T=140C P = 101.9 Kpa C

P @ 300C = 31.38 mmHg = 4.18kPa P @ 140C = 11.7 mmHg = 1.56kPa Unknown = fraction H2O condensed

E, dry air

T=200C P=100kPa

Unknown = VE

18.10 18.11

Dried material

## E Gas or Gas vapor Wet material

Gas vapor

Gas mixture L

Absorbing medium(solvent/soln) F

Gas mixture

Leaving solution

An absorber receives a mixture of air containing 12 percent carbon disulfide. The absorbing solution is benzene and the gas exits from the absorber with a CS2 content of 3 percent and a benzene content of 3 percent (because some of the benzene evaporates). What fraction of CS2 was recovered?