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DALTONS LAW OF PARTIAL PRESSURE

T and V are constant Pressure fraction = mole fraction PT = PA + PB + PC +.

AMAGATS LAW OF PARTIAL VOLUME


T and P are constant Volume fraction = mole fraction VT = VA + VB +VC +

GIVEN:
GAS MIXTURE CH7 C2H6 C3H8 COMPOSITION 87% 12% 1%

REQUIRED:

%comp. in wt. %comp. in vol. V(m3) if m=80 kg, T = 90C, P = 600kPa Density at STP (kg/m3)

CONDENSABLE GAS
Vapor, liquid at room temperature

NONCONDENSABLE GAS
Gas, gases at room temperature

SATURATION (PP = PV)


Partial pressure of the vapor is equal to the vapor

pressure at specified temperature.

UNSATURATION (PP < PV)


Partial pressure of the vapor is less than the vapor

pressure at specified temperature

DEW POINT
Temperature at which the vapor starts to

condense Example: dew point = 300C [H2O] PH2O = PVH2O at 300C Vapor pressure calculation (Antoine Equation) ln(p) = A B/C + T

RELATIVE SATURATION (RS)


Defined as the partial pressure of the vapor

divided by the vapor pressure of the vapor at the temperature of the gas.

MOLAL SATURATION (Sm)


The ratio of the moles of vapor to the moles of

vapor-free gas

ABSOLUTE SATURATION (Sabs)


Weight of vapor per weight vapor-free gas

PERCENTAGE SATURATION (%S)

If a gas at 600C and 101.6 kPa, has a molal humidity of 0.030, determine:
the relative humidity
the dew point of the gas (in 0C)

PV @ 600C = 148.29 mmHg

Given:
RH = 85% PV @ 900F = 35.64mmHg T = 90 0F PT = 14.696 psia= 760 mmHg Required: a) Hm b) Habs c) Saturation temperature

Transformation of a liquid into a vapor in a non-condensable gas.

ENTERING, E
Dry gas or Dry gas, water vapor

LEAVING, L (dry gas, water vapor)

VAPOR, V

Change of a vapor in a non-condensable gas to liquid.


ENTERING, E LEAVING, L (dry gas, water vapor) saturated

Dry gas, water vapor

CONDENSATE, C

E, AIR CONDENSER V=30 m T= 1000C P=98.6kPa Dew pt. = 300C T=140C P = 101.9 Kpa C

P @ 300C = 31.38 mmHg = 4.18kPa P @ 140C = 11.7 mmHg = 1.56kPa Unknown = fraction H2O condensed

E, dry air

L VAPORIZER T=200C P=100kPa Pv eth. Alc=5.76 kPa

T=200C P=100kPa

V=6.0 kg eth. Alc

Unknown = VE

18.10 18.11

Dried material

E Gas or Gas vapor Wet material

Gas vapor

Gas mixture L

Absorbing medium(solvent/soln) F

Gas mixture

Leaving solution

An absorber receives a mixture of air containing 12 percent carbon disulfide. The absorbing solution is benzene and the gas exits from the absorber with a CS2 content of 3 percent and a benzene content of 3 percent (because some of the benzene evaporates). What fraction of CS2 was recovered?