This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
cities in the world. Show the many names that were fired at the depth of this history. Was launched by the peoples and nations that have different names Astotntha, Valkanaaon who migrated to in the third millennium BC called "Oorsalim" means city of peace or the city of God Salim. The name derived from the word "Jerusalem" in Hebrew, pronounced "Iroshalim" The meaning of the Holy House, was mentioned in the Torah 680 times. Then in the era known as the Greek Iilia, which means House of God. One of the most important work done by the Canaanites in Jerusalem, the construction of a tunnel to ensure that access to water within the city of Spring Jihon, which is located in the Valley of Qdron, which is known today into Silwan. The indigenous inhabitants of Jerusalem Tribe inhabiting the Alibosien - one of the Arab Canaanite bellies - City around 2500 BC. Pm, they called Lebos. Pharaonic age from 16 to 14 BC. M Subject to the influence of the city of Jerusalem from the Egyptian pharaonic century BC 16. M. In the era of King Akhenaton was invaded, "Akhabiro" and nomadic tribes, the Egyptian government has been unable to Abdi Ikhyeea to win them, the city remained in their hands to the back of the Egyptian influence in the reign of King Seti I 1317 - 1301 BC. M. Jewish age from 977 to 586 BC. M Since the rule of the Jews of Jerusalem during history, which spanned more than five thousand has been able to control the city in 977 BC or called the City of David, and built the palace forts, a 40-year reign. And then his successor his son Suleiman, who ruled 33 years the 73-year years. David 1000. Pm and and several after him and
After the death of Solomon in the divided state of his son Rehavam and the city is called "Jerusalem", a name derived from the name or the Arab Alkanaani Shalem Salim, who pointed out that the Torah Ibusi Arab ruler was a friend of Ibrahim. Babylonian times from 586 to 537 BC. M Occupied the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II, the city of Jerusalem after defeating the last king of the Jews bin Yoshia credible manner in 586 BC. M, and the transfer of the
remaining prisoners of Jews to Babylon, including King himself credible manner. Persian age from 537 to 333 BC. M Then allowed the Persian King Cyrus in 538 BC. M prisoners who wants the Jews in Babylon to return to Jerusalem. Greek times from 333 to 63 BC. M Alexander the Great took over Palestine, including Jerusalem in 333 BC. M, and after his death, his successors continued to Macedonians and Ptolemy in the governance of the city, and seized by Ptolemy in the same year and annexed to the kingdom with Palestine in Egypt in 323 BC. M. Then, in 198 BC. M become a Slloukiin in Syria after the annexation Silux Nikatur, and the vulnerability of the population in that period, the Greek civilization. Jerusalem under Roman rule 63 BC. M - 636 m Romanian army chief seized Pompey Pompeii To Jerusalem in 63 BC. M and annexed to the Roman Empire. The Roman rule of Jerusalem, which lasted until 636 m in many incidents, from 66 to 70 m, the Jews have rioted in Jerusalem and the suppression of civil disobedience, the Roman Governor Titus Vohrq force the city and the families of many of the Jews, and things returned to normal in the Roman occupation of the Holy City. Jews, and repeated the rebel insurgency and the declaration twice in 115 and 132 meters have already been able to control the city, but the Roman Emperor Hadrian dealing with violent and resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem for the second time, and out of Jewish residents, however, Christians have been left, then ordered the city to change the name of " Iilia "and were not inhabited by Jews. Church of the Holy Sepulcher The transfer of the Roman Emperor Constantine I, capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium, Christianity and declared an official religion of the State was a turning point for Christians in Jerusalem, where the Church of the Holy Sepulcher was built in 326 meters. The return of the Persians Roman Empire was divided into two parts in 395 rival, which encouraged a horse raid succeeded in Jerusalem and the
occupied in the period from 614 to 628 m, and then recovered by the Romans once again and remained in their hands until the Arab conquest in 636 meters. Al Maraj and 621 m / e 10 Almost 621 in Jerusalem witnessed the visit of the Prophet Muhammad, God's blessings and peace be upon him, the family of the night from the Sacred Mosque to the Al-Aqsa Mosque and then stepped up to the high heavens. First Islamic era in 1072 to 636 Income Khalifa Omar Bin Al Khattab may Allah be pleased with him the city of Jerusalem in 636 / e 15 (or 638 m on different sources), having won the leadership of the Islamic Army Amer bin Abi Oubida wounds, and required to receive the Patriarch Cefrus Omar himself wrote the city with them, "Umar," a The document granted religious freedom in return for tribute. The name of the city Iilia to Jerusalem, the document stated that none of the Jews Isaknhm The city has taken since then and took the Islamic character of the Umayyads (661 to 750 m) and the Abbasids (750 to 878 m) and has seen a renaissance in the various scientific fields. One of the most important Islamic monuments in the period, the Dome of the Rock mosque was built by Abdul Malik bin Marwan, from 682 to 691 m, and re-building the Al-Aqsa Mosque in 709 m, and then saw the city because of the instability of the military conflicts that erupted between the Abbasids and Fatimids and Alaqramtp, Jerusalem has been under the rule of Seljuk 1071. Jerusalem during the Crusades Jerusalem fell into the hands of the Crusaders in 1099 after five centuries of Islamic rule, the result of power struggles between the Seljuks and the Fatimids and the Seljuk themselves. The Crusaders were killed immediately after entering Jerusalem about 70 thousand of Muslims and violated Islamic sanctities. And in Jerusalem since then, the Kingdom of Latin governed by the King of the imposition of Catholic worship to the Catholic-Orthodox Christians, sparking anger. Second Islamic era Saladin was able to recover Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187 after the battle of Hattin, and a good treatment of its people, and the Red Cross removed from the Dome of the Rock, and took the city and fortify Bammarp.
Crusaders again But the Crusaders succeeded in control of the city after the death of Salah al-Din in the reign of King Frederick King of Sicily, and the hands of the Crusaders 11-year-old recovered to a final good King Necmettin Ayoub in 1244. Mamlukes The city of the Mongol invasion in 1243/1244 m, but defeated the Mamelukes led Seifeddin Qtz seem Bebars named Goliath in a battle in 1259, and included Palestine, including Jerusalem, to the Mamluks, who ruled Egypt and Syria after the Ayubi state until 1517. Ottomans Palestine entered the armies of the Ottoman Sultan Selim I led after the battle of Marj glutinous (1615 - 1616) and Jerusalem became a city of the Ottoman Empire. The Sultan Sulayman the re-building the walls of the city and the Dome of the Rock. In the period from 1831 - 1840 m become part of the State of Palestine set up by the Egyptian Mohammed Ali then returned to the Ottoman rule again. And established the Ottoman Empire in 1880 Mtsrvip Jerusalem, and removed the old wall of the city in 1898 to facilitate the entry of the German Emperor William II and his entourage during his visit to Jerusalem. The city remained under Ottoman rule until World War I, which defeated the Ottoman Turks and driven out of Palestine. British occupation 1917 - 1948 m Jerusalem fell, however, the British military in the 8 9/12/1917 Following the statement read by British General Allenby, the League of Nations gave Britain the right to the Mandate for Palestine, and Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine under the British Mandate (1920 to 1948). Since then, the city has entered a new era was the most prominent features of the increase in the number of Jewish immigrants to the Balfour Declaration, especially after the year. 1917 The internationalization of Jerusalem project Referred the issue of Jerusalem to the United Nations after the Second World War, the international body issued its decision in November 29, 1947 the internationalization of Jerusalem. To end the British Mandate In 1948, Britain has announced the termination of the Mandate
in Palestine and withdraw its troops, the situation of the Zionist gangs Fastglet political vacuum, military, and announced by the State of Israel. On 3 December 1948, David Ben-Gurion declared the Prime Minister of Israel to the West Jerusalem the capital of the nascent Israeli state, while the subject of East Jerusalem until the defeat of the rule of Jordan in June 1967 which resulted in the annexation of Jerusalem, the whole of the authority of the Israeli occupation