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Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering & Management Sciences Quetta

SURVEY
Dear Participant, Thank you for agreeing to fill out this questionnaire. The objective of conducting this survey is to
find, in terms of any opportunity recognition (searching new job or starting a new business), how cognitively flexible are you? Please read the instructions carefully and answer all the questions. On a scale of 1 to 5 , where 1 is not very much like me ,and 5 is very much like me, how do you rate yourself on the following statements? A higher score means that you are more aware of the way that you think about how you make decisions and are therefore more likely to be cognitively flexible.

There is no right or wrong answer to each question, so please answer each item as frankly and as honestly as possible. It is important that all the questions be answered. Please fill in the blanks. Age ____________________ Gender ________________ Marital status ____________ Education _______________

Nature of residential area 1. Rural location ________2. Urban location_______ Work status/Designation _________________

Measure of Adaptive Cognition:


Cognitive adaptability describes the extent to which individuals are dynamic, flexible, selfregulating, and engaged in the process of generating multiple decision frameworks focused on sensing and processing changes in the environments and then acting on them. Cognitive adoptability reflects in goals orientation, Metacognition knowledge, Metacognition outcome and monitoring. Please answer how cognitive flexible are you. Goal Orientation: Please check the scale and choose the number that best describes how you feel regarding each statement. Not very much like me - 1 2 3 4 5 - very much like me I often define goals for myself.______________ I understand how accomplishment of a task relates to my goal.__________ I set specific goals for I begin a task.____________ I ask myself how I have accomplished my goals once I have finished.________ When performing a task frequently assess my progress against my objective.________

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Metacognitive knowledge: Please check the scale and choose the number that best describes how you feel regarding each statement. Not very much like me - 1 2 3 4 5 - very much like me I think of several ways to solve the problem and choose the best one.__________ I challenge my own assumption about a task before I begin.________ I think about how others may react to my actions.____________ I find myself automatically employing strategies that have worked in the past.___________ I perform best when I have knowledge of the task.______________ I create my own example to create information more meaningful._________ I ask myself question about the task before I begin.___________ I try to translate new information into my own words.___________ I try to break the problems down into smaller component.___________

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

10. I focus on the meaning and signification of new information.___________ Metacognitive Experience: Please check the scale and choose the number that best describes how you feel regarding each statement. Not very much like me - 1 2 3 4 5 - very much like me 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I think about what I really need to accomplish before I begin a task.________ I use different strategies depending on the situation._____________ I organize my time to best accomplish my goals.______________ I am good at organizing information.____________ I know what kind of information is most important to consider when faced with a problem._______________ I consciously focus my attention on important information.____________ My gut tell me when a given strategy I use will be most effective.__________ I depend on my intuition to help me to formulate strategies.___________

Meta Cognitive Choice: Please check the scale and choose the number that best describes how you feel regarding each statement. Not very much like me - 1 2 3 4 5 - very much like me 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I ask myself if I have considered all the options when solving a problem.__________ I ask myself when there was an easier way to do things after I finish a task.___________ I ask myself if I have considered all the options after I solve a problem.__________ I re-evaluate my assumptions when I get confused.___________ I ask myself if have learned as much as I could have after I finished the task._____________

Monitoring: Please check the scale and choose the number that best describes how you feel regarding each statement. Not very much like me - 1 2 3 4 5 - very much like me 1. I periodically review to help me understand important relationships.___________ 2. I stop and go back over information that is not clear.____________ 3. I am aware of what strategies I use when engaged in a given task._________ I find myself analyzing the usefulness of a given strategy while engaged in a given 4. task.____________ I find myself pausing regularly to check my comprehension of the problem or situation at 5. hand.____________ I ask myself question about how well I am doing while I am performing a novel task. I stop 6. and re-read when I get confused.______________ Opportunity recognition In the next six months there will be good opportunity for starting a business in the area where you live Yes No Please check the scale box and choose the number that best describes how you feel regarding each statement. 1 2 3 4 5 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree

1. Starting a new business is one of the important goal for me.___________ 2. I have a good deal of knowledge and experience to start a business.____________ If there are several alternatives I am in s strong position to choose one of the best 3. alternative._________ 4. I have the capacity to evaluate the outcome among many alternatives.____________ Risk Perception: Please answer the following question by deciding how much you agree with the statements. (Circle the numbers that best reflect your opinions)
1 Strongly Disagree 2 Disagree 3 Uncertain 4 Agree 5 Strongly agree

1. Overall risk of business is high. 2. The probability of failure is high. 3. The founder stands to lose a lot financially. 4. there is a lot uncertainty when predicting how well the business will do 3

Opportunity Evaluation: Please answer the following question by deciding how much you agree with the statements. (Circle the numbers that best reflect your opinions)
1 Strongly Disagree 2 Disagree 3 Uncertain 4 Agree 5 Strongly agree

1. I will consider this business an opportunity. 2. This business is worth considering. 3. This business is feasible.

Please fill in the blanks (Keep it short and simple). State issues that influenced your view on whether Mr. Tan should start the above business or not. (Include whatever additional information you may need to make a better decision) a) b) c) Cognitive biasness: Cognitive biases are factors that hinder or projects beliefs about decision making. Please answer how biased are you in your decision making. This includes belief in law of small numbers, planning fallacy and illusion of control. Please answer the following question by deciding how much you agree with the statements. (Circle the numbers that best reflect your opinions)
1 Strongly Disagree 2 Disagree 3 Uncertain 4 Agree 5 Strongly agree

1. I want to earn more than my current income level in the long run. 2. I am looking for the business or employment with higher income. 3. I believe that past entrepreneurial experience helps in assessing riskiness of a new business. 4. I believe that the key issues of running different types of businesses are similar. 5. I can accurately forecast the total demand for my business. 6. I can accurately forecast when larger competitors will enter the market. 7. I can make my business a success, even though others may fail.

Below are a number of statements that might apply to your specific attitude towards starting a business or job in any particular organization. Please indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements. Regarding my attitude, I generally feel that........ 1. I enjoy working in rapidly changing market conditions 2. Uncertainty around my firm reduces my ability to do my best 3. I often get worried when unforeseen events spoil my plans 4. I like challenges that come from uncertain market conditions
1 Strongly Disagree 2 Disagree 3 Uncertain 4 Agree 5 Strongly agree 1 Strongly Disagree 2 Disagree 3 Uncertain 4 Agree 5 Strongly agree

In my work, I generally feel that 5. I am regularly at the lookout for new ways to improve my life 6. In any condition, I have been a powerful force for constructive change 7. If I see something I dont like, I fix it. 8. I always probe and try to identify best opportunities. 9. I always look for better ways of doing things 10. If I believe in an idea, nothing prevents me to implement it. 11. I think about long term projects, rather than small daily projects. 12. I often end up with new solutions to everyday problems in unknown cultures abroad. 13. I often indulge in abstract thinking in unknown cultures abroad 14. I have to think over even about routine tasks in unfamiliar cultures abroad 15. I am content if a job gets done; and I do care about the hows and whys 16. I usually end up deliberating about issues even when they do not affect me personally 17. I do not let things happen rather try to understand why they turned out that way

Concluding general questions Thank you very much for your cooperation in completing this survey We welcome any changes/corrections in the addressing label on the front of the questionnaire, your name/company name or any other changes/improvements you feel appropriate. You may also use a separate sheet. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Please provide your e-mail and telephonic contact details, which we can use in exceptional case or either any response is not clear. E-mail:_____________________________________ Telephone Number:____________________ Please tick the box if you like to receive the final report containing the summary of results (). Please return the questionnaire in the enclosed envelope. For further correspondence or if due to any reason prepaid envelope is misplaced, return the questionnaire to: Zahid Majeed Assistant Professor Balochistan University of Information Technology Engineering and Management Sciences Jinnah town Quetta Pakistan 87300.