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## Economics Dr. Sauer

Chapter 9: Small Samples 9.1 Inference from small samples: normal populations with known Under what conditions is the sampling distribution for sample means for n < 30 Normal?

9.2 The Students t-distribution If random samples of size ____ are selected from a Normal population with mean but the standard deviation is not known then the distribution of sample means is a ________________________. Notation: Degrees of Freedom is calculated as:

You would use a Z critical value when: You would use a t critical value when: 9.3 Inference from small samples: normal populations with NOT known The confidence interval is found by:

## The test statistic is:

9.4 Difference between means (small independent samples) Case 1: the variance for each population is known

Case 2: the variance for each population is not known, BUT the following assumptions are satisfied: - the samples were selected from _______________________ populations -the population variances are __________________

9.5 F-test for equality of two variances The F distribution looks like: