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Techniques in Motivating Learner Motivating students is a challenge all teachers face.

Since classroom consist of a wide array of students, each student brings with them different student learning styles, different interests, and different life experiences that make each classroom unique and special. Although motivation is one of the prime tasks of instructing, it is both the students and the instructors responsibility. The lesson subject, the classroom atmosphere, the competence of the instructor, and the personality of the instructor and the student all affect a students motivation. Here are some techniques in motivating learners. A. Make the subject matter interesting. The first step to motivate students is to spark their interest in the subject. Plan motivational strategies to make the lesson interesting. A dull presentation causes the students to become bored, restless, and uninvolved. a. Prepare students to learn. b. Ask rhetorical questions. c. Encourage internal motivation. d. Start the lesson with games. e. Use quotes. f. Tell a story. g. Use impressive or startling statistics. h. Encourage participation. i. Dont over teach (let them come to you if theyre interested to know more). j. Make learning more interactive (do laboratory exercises and experiments). k. Use visual aids. l. Allow students to use technology in classroom. m. Give them assignments (explain the purpose behind assignments). n. Take field tips. B. Establish goals. The goals of instruction come directly from the learning objectives. Ensure that you present the objectives for each block of instruction so that students will understand exactly what they are expected to be able to do as a result of training. a. Make sure students know what to expect. b. Explore the connections between lessons. c. Create realistic goals (something attainable/ enhance the attractions and minimize the dangers of learning) d. Summarize. C. Show Reality and Relevance. Show students how what they are learning matters in real life. This is one of the most effective motivation techniques, especially for older students, as it gives them meaning and purpose for their hard work. Guide them to discuss the new material, and allow them to draw on their own experiences to learn and understand the new materials. a. Make concepts real (provide real world examples and show physical representations when possible). b. Ensure its relevant (show how topic fits to their lives). D. Show expectations. Let students know that you have high expectations of them and that you feel that each student is important and has the ability to learn something from being in your classroom. Teachers should set reasonable objectives for every lesson that allow students to progress in the classroom. Expect students to achieve the objectives, and they will.

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Studies show that students achieve at higher rates when their teachers have high expectations of them (expectancy theory). Create a great learning environment. a. Make the classroom inviting (create an environment where students want to learn). b. Make the classroom organize and learning oriented (conducive to learning). c. Give students jobs around the classroom (allow them to help decorate). Give rewards and acknowledgements. Sometimes students need a little motivation along the way to keep them going towards the ultimate goal. Provide small rewards or praise for milestones along the way. a. Use praise as reward. b. Offer special privileges (exemptions). c. Work with parents. d. Allow students to display good work. e. Recognize achievements. Make learning a collaborative effort. a. Promote team work. Provide and get feedbacks. a. Provide informative feedback. b. Point out areas that need improvement. c. Encourage curiosity. d. Promote open communications and discussions (Incorporate students experiences). Show interest to your students. a. Create familiarity. b. Be aware of students needs. c. Help relieve student anxiety. d. Make sure all students feel included. Be aware of the responsibility (both the teachers and students responsibility). a. Ensure students are aware of their responsibility. b. Lead by example.

References: http://www.smartteaching.org/blog/2008/08/100-motivational-techniques-to-take-learning-to-thenext-level/ http://www.howtodothings.com/education/a1892-how-to-motivate-students.html http://www.ehow.com/how_4550201_classroom-motivation-techniques.html http://www.tpub.com/content/administration/134t/css/134t_27.htm

Prepared by: Erwin P. Peji II-A BSBT February 7, 2011