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They unify voices from their people to achieve a firmer solution to problems that divides the group thus producing conflicts. A good leader is ready to sacrifice his own decision just to satisfy his people’s voices. He sets a good example to them and his life shall inspire many. Throughout the history of the world, leaders have been agents of change and had been warriors of improving the humanity. Some were military in nature and engage themselves in politics while some are just ordinary ones who gathered the voices of their people, unified each of it and stand firm against all odds while resolving general conflicts. They usually have exceptional visions and wide dreams for their people. Having that ability to enthuse and to inspire many, they shaped each nation thus, creating history- a much colorful one for which shall be cherished forever. Here are some of the world’s greatest leaders who, in their own ways transformed the face of our ugly world. Martin Luther King Jr. This young man inspires many, especially those who were victims of racial discrimination and those who were deprived of their rights to receive fair treatment in their society. He was known to be an agent of justice and equality. He was the former active leader of a civil rights movement in America. He also established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference during his career as a leader there. He fought racial discrimination without any traces of blood – peaceful as it is, and had received the Nobel Prize for Peace at the youthful age of 35. Today, he is known to be the youngest leader who received such honor. He was also opposing the Vietnam War while highlighting a religious perspective to his struggles for poverty. For such reason perhaps, he was assassinated by unknown men while having a good relaxation in a balcony at Lorraine Motel. That incident caused a great wave of insurgence across lots of cities in America. Today, his being active in civil rights movement highlighted his fame and is honored by the world for being an instrument of fairness, justice and equity. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is better known as the Indian instrument for justice and national independence. This man who claims a prominent figure in today’s era had been a leader and a founder of Satyagraha – a movement whose prime objective is to eradicate prejudice and inequality in his country. The way of revolution is non- violent and the movement does not use armed forces to fulfill its mission. He was also known to be the first leader ever in history to build principles for nonviolent way of fighting. He spent his life simply and truthfully while maintaining a high way of thinking and while building rich principles in life that inspired a great section of the world. He was also an essential instrument to the culmination of ‘untouchability’, an Indian social system whose concepts are against justice and equality. His death was on 1948 January 30 after his assassination. Today, in honor of his deeds, the world is celebrating International Day of Non- Violence on the day when he was born. Adolf Hitler. Though famous for being a dictator and had been an instrument for the beginning of a turbulent life in Europe and the world, this leader has exceptional skills on handling his men and had influenced a large section of the world. He is famous for his harsh, cruel and ruthless form of running the German government and was the one who established the Nazi Party, the reason why the soacknowledged today as ‘Holocaust’ exists. He was formerly an aspiring artist but after meeting series of difficulties for finding a job, he decided to join the Nazi Party thus became a leader for having that exceptional skills on public speaking. He was also believed by many Germans to be the national instrument to regain its depression. He was a chief promoter of racism against Jews and those people
who are unable to work. During his leadership did the outbreak for World War II begun. It claimed more than 6 million deaths including one third of the Jews population in the world. After the invasion of the Red Army in Berlin, Hitler felt terrible and perhaps, found a solution to his series of defeats – suicide. He is known for his quote, ‘What luck for rulers that men do not think’, that he took advantage during his regime. Eleanor Roosevelt. She was Franklin Roosevelt’s fifth cousin and wife. She became the First lady of the US in 1933 and was a good wife, adviser and effective motivator to Franklin Roosevelt especially during his difficulties in life. Her effective encouragement made the President come back to politics and serve the country again. She was working on educational reforms and was a supporter to a woman movement against suffrage and injustice. She also introduced African- American reforms which uplifted the lives of such races. Later after the final term of her husband, she served the UN Human Rights. She also established the Human Rights Universal Declaration which opened the gates of hope for many. Her death was on 1962 November 7 which marked the meaningful lost of a woman of eminence. Mao Zedong. He established the People’s Republic of China and a known strategist for Chinese Communist revolutionary guerilla after being inspired by the Russian government system. He was also a Marxist and a leader to many of the most notable Chinese revolutions in the history. He held the total control of the country until 1976, which was the same year of his death. He introduced important concepts of Communism and offered essential contributions to Marxism- Leninism together with his military teachings and unique brand of government strategies. His works gave rise to Maoism, a political theory of Mao Zedong. Thomas Jefferson. He was a former American president and was an essential instrument for shaping the American political philosophy. He was also a writer with brilliant skills on public speaking which qualifies him to claim the presidential seat of the country. His short term highlights the introduction of a more powerful philosophy of the American politics and was later considered to be one of the best legal thinkers of the nation. He was the author of a well- known book, ‘Declaration of Independence’ which highlights different concepts about politics. Today, his magnificent speeches were compiled to define his name on fame. Abraham Lincoln. It was during his rule when the nation faced the most devastating war in the national history. Prior to the war, he was a lawyer and a candidate for the Senate against Stephen Douglas in 1958. Unfortunately, he was not successful for a Senate position however, his debates during the campaign shaped and built up his reputation and secured a place for him in the Republication nomination. He then claimed the title for being the nation’s sixteenth president and was considered by many historians to be the greatest US leader after his successful control on the Civil War. His speeches held the record of being the shortest ever in the US history while successfully delivering an effective message to his body. Winston Churchill. He is known to be a leader whom everybody shall gaze at. He was a British prime minister, a creative writer, an artist and a public speaker who offered essential contributions to the victory of the Allies team during WW2. He was also considered to be the hero of the World War II who brought the terrible life of Europe to an end. He, together with the Allies successfully defeated Hitler who runs the cruel Nazi movement which led to the dark ages of the world. Aside from his successful politics career, he also gained victory on literature after being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 for his accurate description to history while highlighting values of the humanity.
Mikhail Gorbachev. He was the last leader of the Soviet Union and successfully brought the Cold War
across European countries to an end. He was the promoter of a Communist Party and soon became its leader after the death of Chernenko, its former leader, in 1985. Gorbachev’s prime vision is to run a massive campaign against alcoholism and corruption. He also changed the foreign policy of the Soviet Union and signed a treaty to abolish INF or the Immediate Nuclear Forces after meeting US president Ronald Reagan. He also declared that the country will no longer interfere any economic activities in the Eastern Europe and finally announced the freedom of Afghanistan. For such heroic actions, he received the Nobel Peace Award in 1990.
Julius Caesar. He was the greatest known Roman leader during the Middle Ages and was one of the
members of the Nine Worthies, a group encapsulating other leaders who possess ideal characters of chivalry. His contributions to the gradual change of the Roman Republic to an empire made this leader truly remarkable. He invaded Britain and some neighboring countries of the Eastern Europe which later extended the Roman Empire during the early 53 BC. His achievements defined his unparalleled bravery and military power. Truly, there have been so many leaders who managed to change the face of our world as it is today. We are the recipients of the success brought by previous series of continuous battles due to inevitable international conflicts. The fact is that we are luckier today as freedom is absolutely free and that each of us is encapsulated on the day of our birth with human rights, absolute freedom and minimal racial discrimination. It is our duty to thank these people who offered large contributions to the fulfillment and success they offer which we, the more modern people are currently enjoying. Their name is truly reserved for fame.
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