PETROLEUM GEOMECHANICS 2011-2012

Chiara Deangeli DITAG (DIATI) ground floor 011 090 7678 chiara.deangeli@polito.it Office hours: email reservation necessary

Timetable Monday 11.30-13.00 Room 15 Tuesday Room 15 Thursday Room 7B

14.30-16.00 13.00-14.30

PETROLEUM GEOMECHANICS 2011-2012
Timetable Monday 11.30-13.00 LAIB5D
from March 19 (LAIB5D)

Organization of the course
The course is organized in •Lectures •Practical lessons •Computer exercises from March 19

Outline of the course
Introduction Sedimentary rocks and rock masses Stress, strain, pressure, strength, elasticity Failure mechanics Mechanical properties of rocks In situ state of stress Stresses around boreholes Reservoir geomechanics

Detailed programme
Date March 5 6 8 12 13 Subject Introduction The state of stress. The state of stress: principal stresses; Mohr Circles; Principal stresses –Mohr circles. Exercises Type L L L E hours 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5

The state of stress: stress invariants; deviatoric stresses; fluid pressures; geostatic vertical stresses 15 The state of stress: the Terzaghi Principle; drained and undrained conditions; Stress paths 19 Effective stresses and Determination of the state of stress 20 The state of strain; geometrical interpretation of infinitesimal strains 22 26 27 29 April 2 3 Constitutive laws: Linear elasticity; ILE material Effective stresses – Stress paths Constitutive laws: anisotropy; Non linear elasticity; Plasticity Solution of Continuum mechanics problems Effective stresses – Stress paths Failure Mechanics: Strength of homogenous isotropic rock material

L

1,5

L LAIB L L LAIB L L LAIB L

1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5

Date Easter Holidays 5-11 12

Subject Failure Mechanics: Strength of homogenous isotropic rock material; Strength of anisotropic rock material in triaxial compression Failure Mechanics: the MC and HB criterion Failure Mechanics: the MC and HB criterion

Type

hours

L LAIB E L LAIB L L LAIB

1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5

16 17

19 Failure Mechanics: Shear Strength of rock discontinuities; Strength of rock masses 23 Stress paths 24 26 30 May 1: National Holiday 3 Mechanical properties of rock material from lab tests: triaxial tests dry conditions 7 Uniaxial compression test 8 Mechanical properties of rock material from lab tests: triaxial tests in drained and undrained conditions; 10 Mechanical properties of rock material from lab tests: triaxial tests in drained and undrained conditions Mechanical properties of rock material from lab tests: Uniaxial compression tests Mechanical properties of rock material from lab tests: Uniaxial compression tests Uniaxial compression test

L LAIB L L

1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5

Date 14 15

Subject Interpretation of direct shear tests on rock discontinuities Interpretation of TX Test

Type LAIB L L LAIB L L L L L LAIB L L LAIB L L

hours 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5

16 Determination of elastic moduli and strength parameters from lab tests 21 Triaxial compression tests. TSP and ESP from TX tests 22 24 28 29 31 June 4 5 7 11 12 14 Skempton coefficients Mechanical properties of rock material from lab tests: Oedometer test Index tests Underground stresses Underground stresses Stresses around boreholes Triaxial compression tests. TSP and ESP from TX tests Stresses around boreholes Stresses around boreholes Determination of the state of stress around boreholes Principles of hydraulic fracturing Reservoir Geomechanics

Outcomes
Acquire a basic knowledge in the geomechanics field in order:

• To understand, from an engineering point of view, the processes related to the mechanical aspects of sedimentary rocks, during hydrocarbon production • To handle basic problems related to the mechanical behavior of rocks

Reference textbooks
• Fjaer, Holt, Horsrud, Raaen & Risnes, 2008. Petroleum related Rock Mechanics, 2nd edition, Elsevier, Oxford • Brady & Brown, 2004. Rock Mechanics, 3rd edition, Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht • Lambe & Withman, 1979 Soil Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, New York • Lancellotta, 2009. Geotechnical Engineering,, 2nd edition, Taylor & Francis, New York • Zoback, 2007. Reservoir Geomechanics, Cambridge

University Press, New York

Didactic material
The texts, equations and figures shown during lectures will be available on the course web site. The solution to the exercises will also be available in the course web site.

Attendance
All of my lectures will be delivered with the help of PowerPoint. All the presentations will be available on the course web site. So, if all the material is on the web and in books, why attend classes? Caution: The presentations contain only essential notes and illustrative material. They should enrich the narrative, but cannot really replace it. If you are not in class, you may miss explanations, descriptions, discussion and other stuff that is supposed to make you understand the material. That is why we still have a physical university. What should I do then? 1)Attend classes 2) keep your own notes 3) Ask questions, participate

Attendance
The subjects of the course are explained during the lectures and practical lessons. Thus the majority of questions must be asked in class. The office hours MUST NOT be intended as private lessons.

Attendance
After the explanation of a topic some practical examples are presented. You must bring a pocket calculator, in order to solve the exercises.

Attendance
Computer exercises at LAIB. The exercises are uploaded on course web site just before the class. The explanation of the exercises starts at 11.30. After the explanation the students can download the exercises. The solution to the exercises must be sent by email to the Professor 5 minutes before the end of the lesson.

Examination
The EXAM consists of a written test with:
• Theoretical questions (15 points) • Practical exercises (15 points)

Examination
Since the Petroleum Geomechanics Course is attached to the Structural Mechanics Course, the final mark of the complete exam will be the arithmetic mean of the two partial marks (minimum partial mark for both tests: 18)
30 cum laude (only when the total sum of the two exams is 60) plus 1 oral question

Examination Policy
The use of a pocket calculator is allowed. The use of the following material is NOT allowed:
• (PDAs) personal digital assistants, palmtop computers, or similar mobile devices • Mobile phones • Didactic material (books, written texts, class notes, etc..)

Examination Policy
No communication regarding the examination is allowed inside or outside the room. All questions about the examination should be directed to the Professor. It is mandatory to register for the exam. There are deadlines for the registration. I do not accept late email registration

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