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CODE: 147304 FACULTY NAME/CODE: Mrs. S.Suganthi/EC104 Syllabus AIM The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the analysis and design of basic transistor amplifier circuits and power supplies. OBJECTIVE On completion of this course the student will understand

• • • • • •

CLASS: II ECE B

The methods of biasing transistors Design of simple amplifier circuits Midband analysis of amplifier circuits using small - signal equivalent circuits to determine gain input impedance and output impedance Method of calculating cutoff frequencies and to determine bandwidth Design of power amplifiers Analysis and design of power supplies. 9

UNIT I TRANSISTOR BIAS STABILITY

BJT – Need for biasing – Stability factor - Fixed bias circuit, Load line and quiescent point. Variation of quiescent point due to variation within manufacturers tolerance - Stability factors Different types of biasing circuits - Method of stabilizing the Q point - Advantage of Self bias (voltage divider bias) over other types of biasing, Bias compensation – Diode, Thermister and Sensistor compensations, Biasing the FET and MOSFET. UNIT II MIDBAND ANALYSIS OF SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9

CE, CB and CC amplifiers - Method of drawing small-signal equivalent circuit - Midband analysis of various types of single stage amplifiers to obtain gain, input impedance and output impedance - Miller’s theorem - Comparison of CB, CE and CC amplifiers and their uses Methods of increasing input impedance using Darlington connection and bootstrapping - CS, CG and CD (FET) amplifiers - Multistage amplifiers. Basic emitter coupled differential amplifier circuit - Bisection theorem. Differential gain – CMRR - Use of constant current circuit to improve CMRR - Derivation of transfer characteristic.

UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AMPLIFIERS

9

General shape of frequency response of amplifiers - Definition of cutoff frequencies and bandwidth - Low frequency analysis of amplifiers to obtain lower cutoff frequency Hybrid – equivalent circuit of BJTs - High frequency analysis of BJT amplifiers to obtain upper cutoff frequency – Gain Bandwidth Product - High frequency equivalent circuit of FETs - High frequency analysis of FET amplifiers - Gain-bandwidth product of FETs - General expression for frequency response of multistage amplifiers - Calculation of overall upper and lower cutoff frequencies of multistage amplifiers - Amplifier rise time and sag and their relation to cutoff frequencies. UNIT IV LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9

Classification of amplifiers, Class A large signal amplifiers, second harmonic distortion, higher order harmonic distortion, transformer-coupled class A audio power amplifier – efficiency of Class A amplifiers. Class B amplifier – efficiency - push-pull amplifier - distortion in amplifiers - complementary-symmetry (Class B) push-pull amplifier, Class C, Class D amplifier – Class S amplifier – MOSFET power amplifier, Thermal stability and heat sink. UNIT V RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLIES 9

Classification of power supplies, Rectifiers - Half-wave, full-wave and bridge rectifiers with resistive load. Analysis for and ripple voltage with C, L, LC and CLC filters. Voltage multipliers, Voltage regulators - Zener diode regulator, principles of obtaining a regulated power supply, regulator with current limiting, Over voltage protection, Switched mode power supply (SMPS), Power control using SCR. TUTORIAL = 15 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Millman J and Halkias .C., Integrated Electronics, TMH, 2007. 2. S. Salivahanan, and N. Suresh Kumar, Electronic Devices and Circuits, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2011. 3. David. A. Bell, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, PHI Learning Private Ltd, India, Fourth Edition, 2008 REFERENCES TOTAL : 60 PERIODS

**1. Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 9th
**

Edition, Pearson Education / PHI, 2007. 2. Floyd, Electronic Devices, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education, 2002. 3. I.J. Nagrath, Electronic Devices and Circuits, PHI, 2007. 4. Poornachandra and Sasikala, “Electric Circuit and Electronic Devices”, Scitech Publication, 2011. 5. Anwar A. Khan and Kanchan K. Dey, A First Course on Electronics, PHI, 2006. 6. B.P. Singh and Rekha Singh, Electronic Devices and Integrated Circuits, Pearson Education, 2006. 7. Rashid M, Microelectronics Circuits, Thomson Learning, 2007.

Sl. DATE TOPIC UNIT- I TRANSISTOR BIAS STABILITY 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 1 0 . 1 1 . BJT – Need for biasing – Stability factor Fixed bias circuit, Load line and quiescent point. Variation of quiescent point due to variation within manufacturers tolerance Stability factors Different types of biasing circuits - Method of stabilizing the Q point Advantage of Self bias (voltage divider bias) over other types of biasing Bias compensation – Diode, Thermister and Sensistor compensations Biasing the FET and MOSFET Tutorial Tutorial Revision I I I I T2 I T2 I I T2 I T2 213-219 T2, R3 193 157-164 193-194 181-193 R3, T2 143-144 174-176 146-152 180 UNIT REFERENCE BOOKS PAGE No.

Activity I

I

UNIT II MIDBAND ANALYSIS OF SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 1 2 . CE, CB and CC amplifiers - Method of drawing small-signal equivalent circuit II T2 248-252

1 3 . 1 4 . 1 5 . 1 6 . 1 7 . 1 8 . 1 9 . 2 0 . 2 1 . 2 2 . 2 3 .

Midband analysis of various types of single stage amplifiers to obtain gain, input impedance and output impedance Miller’s theorem

II T2 II R3

279-284

520

Comparison of CB, CE and CC amplifiers and their uses Methods of increasing input impedance using Darlington connection and bootstrapping CS, CG and CD (FET) amplifiers

II

T2

279-284

II R3 II T2

550-558

313-320

Multistage amplifiers

II T2

349-352

Basic emitter coupled differential amplifier circuit - Bisection theorem Differential gain – CMRR - Use of constant current circuit to improve CMRR Derivation of transfer characteristic

II T2 II T2 II

326-329

329-335

335-337

Tutorial

Tutorial

Revision Activity II UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AMPLIFIERS

2 4 . 2 5 . 2 6 . 2 7 . 2 8 . 2 9 . 3 0 . 3 1 . 3 2 . 3 3 . 3 4 . 3 5 .

General shape of frequency response of amplifiers - Definition of cutoff frequencies and bandwidth Low frequency analysis of amplifiers to obtain lower cutoff frequency Hybrid equivalent circuit of BJTs

III

T2

389-391

III T2 III T2

397-401

398

High frequency analysis of BJT amplifiers to obtain upper cutoff frequency – Gain Bandwidth Product High frequency equivalent circuit of FETs - High frequency analysis of FET amplifiers Gain-bandwidth product of FETs General expression for frequency response of multistage amplifiers - Calculation of overall upper and lower cutoff frequencies of multistage amplifiers Amplifier rise time and sag and their relation to cutoff frequencies. Tutorial

III T2 III T2 III T2 III R3

403-409

412-417

417-419

Tutorial

Revision I

III

Revision II

III

Activity

III

UNIT IV LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS

3 6 . 3 7 . 3 8 . 3 9 . 4 0 . 4 1 . 4 2 . 4 3 . 4 4 . 4 5 . 4 6 . 4 7 . 4 8

Classification of amplifiers, Class A large signal amplifiers second harmonic distortion, higher order harmonic distortion transformer-coupled class A audio power amplifier – efficiency of Class A amplifiers Class B amplifier – efficiency - push-pull amplifier distortion in amplifiers - complementarysymmetry (Class B) push-pull amplifier Class C, Class D amplifier – Class S amplifier MOSFET power amplifier

T2 IV IV T2

427-429

429-432

IV

T2

432-435

IV

T2

436-439

IV

T2

439-441 442-443 443-445

IV

T2

IV

T2

445-446

Thermal stability and heat sink.

T2

446-449

Revision

IV

Activity

IV

UNIT V RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLIES Classification of power supplies, Rectifiers - Half-wave. Full-wave and bridge rectifiers with resistive load. V T2 617-618 619-621 623-628

V

T2

4 9 . 5 0 . 5 1 . 5 2 . 5 3 . 5 4 . 5 5 .

Analysis for and ripple voltage with C, L, LC and CLC filters Voltage multipliers, Voltage regulators Zener diode regulator principles of obtaining a regulated power supply regulator with current limiting, Over voltage protection, Switched mode power supply (SMPS),

V

T2

628-635

V

T2

638-640

V

T2

V

T2

V

T2

654-659

Power control using SCR

V

T2

230-235

Revision

V

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